“A Complete Resume ofthe Builder’s Art” HABS/ HAER/ HALS     Recording
Heritage Documentation Programs      HABS/HAER/HALS“It is intended that the Surveyshall cover structures of all types,from...
Heritage Documentation Programs      HABS/HAER/HALS                                  1935 Historic Sites Act            Se...
Heritage Documentation Programs      HABS/HAER/HALS                 HABS/HAER/HALS Mission    • Create and populate an arc...
Heritage Documentation Programs      HABS/HAER/HALS                    The HABS/HAER/HALS Collection                      ...
Heritage Documentation Programs      HABS/HAER/HALS                                  A Well-Used Collection   HAER was one...
Heritage Documentation Programs      HABS/HAER/HALS                                  Archival Storage   Digitization made ...
Heritage Documentation Programs      HABS/HAER/HALS                         Upgrading the On-line Collection              ...
Heritage Documentation Programs      HABS/HAER/HALS                           The Development of Standards                ...
Heritage Documentation Programs      HABS/HAER/HALS                                  National Historic Preservation Act of...
Heritage Documentation Programs      HABS/HAER/HALS    Secretary of the Interior’s Standards for    Architectural and Engi...
Heritage Documentation Programs      HABS/HAER/HALS                                    Secretary’s Standard #2:       “Doc...
Heritage Documentation Programs      HABS/HAER/HALS                                  Perspective                          ...
Heritage Documentation Programs      HABS/HAER/HALS                                       Secretary’s Standard #3:        ...
Heritage Documentation Programs      HABS/HAER/HALS
Heritage Documentation Programs      HABS/HAER/HALS                                  Grrrrr…..
Heritage Documentation Programs      HABS/HAER/HALS                          Sustainability and Preservation of Digital Da...
Heritage Documentation Programs      HABS/HAER/HALS          Additional Barriers to Digital Preservation Cost – IT - Digit...
Heritage Documentation Programs      HABS/HAER/HALS          Digital   photography can be   used for figure pages   attach...
Heritage Documentation Programs      HABS/HAER/HALS                                        Mitigation                     ...
Heritage Documentation Programs      HABS/HAER/HALS                                  The “Levels””        When stipulating...
Heritage Documentation Programs      HABS/HAER/HALS                      Level I   recording is necessary for  National Hi...
Heritage Documentation Programs      HABS/HAER/HALS   The Woodlands, Philadelphia, PA
Heritage Documentation Programs      HABS/HAER/HALS                     Level II  recording is necessary for a    • Drawin...
Heritage Documentation Programs      HABS/HAER/HALS  Level II: copies of original drawings
Heritage Documentation Programs      HABS/HAER/HALS    Original drawings reproduced must:•   adequately represent the     ...
Heritage Documentation Programs      HABS/HAER/HALS  Level III  recording is used to capture a   • Drawings: sketch plan  ...
Heritage Documentation Programs      HABS/HAER/HALS     Currently, most     documentation for     Section 106 mitigation  ...
Heritage Documentation Programs      HABS/HAER/HALS
Heritage Documentation Programs      HABS/HAER/HALS
Heritage Documentation Programs      HABS/HAER/HALS         Field recording undertaken by Alabama SHPO—level III?!
Heritage Documentation Programs      HABS/HAER/HALS                    Level IV                                    • Drawi...
Heritage Documentation Programs      HABS/HAER/HALS                                  Short-format report with             ...
Heritage Documentation Programs      HABS/HAER/HALS                                  Minnesota SHPO--NHLS
Heritage Documentation Programs      HABS/HAER/HALS                              South Carolina SHPO—State Survey
Heritage Documentation Programs      HABS/HAER/HALS   Documentation that bears   the names and/or appears on   HABS, HAER,...
Heritage Documentation Programs      HABS/HAER/HALSIf you are archivingdocumentation locally,is it publicallyaccessible? I...
Heritage Documentation Programs      HABS/HAER/HALS   Mitigation transmittals   dropped 50% between   1998 and 2000   Drop...
Heritage Documentation Programs      HABS/HAER/HALS   About two-thirds (or 64%)of respondents to a recentsurvey of FPOs in...
Heritage Documentation Programs      HABS/HAER/HALS                          Field-testing new recording methods
Heritage Documentation Programs      HABS/HAER/HALS              New technologies are applied to the production of traditi...
Heritage Documentation Programs      HABS/HAER/HALS   Recording methodology:   high-definition laser scanning is often use...
Heritage Documentation Programs      HABS/HAER/HALS       Recording methodology:       3-Dimensional modeling is used to  ...
Heritage Documentation Programs      HABS/HAER/HALS  Recording methodology:  hand measuring and field  noting still form t...
Heritage Documentation Programs      HABS/HAER/HALS                                                 Color Photography is  ...
Heritage Documentation Programs      HABS/HAER/HALS   HABS/HAER/HALS Guidelines are available on line at:   http://www.nps...
Heritage Documentation Programs      HABS/HAER/HALS  New guidelines for  students & non-professionals
Heritage Documentation Programs      HABS/HAER/HALS                                    “Sample Projects” also             ...
Heritage Documentation Programs      HABS/HAER/HALS                                  The Holland                          ...
Heritage Documentation Programs      HABS/HAER/HALS   richard oconnor@nps.gov   http://www.nps.gov/history/hdp   http://ww...
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HABS, HAER, and HALS Recording

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Richard O'Connor, PhD, National Park Service

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  • Describe the origin of the three programs: HABS: 1933 HAER: 1969 HAL'S: 2000
  • This is the outline slide for the rest of the presentation
  • This slide will set the stage for the standards. In addition to the drawing image, also include a shot of a large-formate camera and a photograph, along with a LOC card
  • Raises the digital issue: why doesn't HHH accept borne digital photographs and scans?
  • Transcript of "HABS, HAER, and HALS Recording"

    1. 1. “A Complete Resume ofthe Builder’s Art” HABS/ HAER/ HALS Recording
    2. 2. Heritage Documentation Programs HABS/HAER/HALS“It is intended that the Surveyshall cover structures of all types,from the smallest utilitarianstructures to the largest and mostmonumental. Barns, bridges,mills, toll houses, jails, and inshort buildings of everydescription are to be included sothat a complete picture of theculture of the time as reflected inthe buildings of the period may beput on record” HABS Bulletin No. 3, December 20, 1933
    3. 3. Heritage Documentation Programs HABS/HAER/HALS 1935 Historic Sites Act Section 1 It is hereby declared that it is a national policy to preserve for public use historic sites, buildings, and objects of national significance for the inspiration and benefit of the people of the United States. Section 2 The Secretary of the Interior…through the National Park Service, for the purpose of effectuating the policy expressed in section 1 of this Act, shall have the following powers and perform the following duties and functions: (a) Secure, collate, and preserve drawings, plans, photographs, and other data of historic and archaeologic sites, buildings, and objects.
    4. 4. Heritage Documentation Programs HABS/HAER/HALS HABS/HAER/HALS Mission • Create and populate an archive of America’s architectural, engineering, and landscape heritage at the Library of Congress • Create and maintain documentation standards and guidelines • Act as clearinghouse for mitigation documentation in compliance with Section 106 of the NHPA • Field test new recording methods & technologies • Educate the next generation of recorders & Cyclorama, Gettysburg National Battlefield, PA preservationists
    5. 5. Heritage Documentation Programs HABS/HAER/HALS The HABS/HAER/HALS Collection at the Library of Congress • Documentation on over 41,000 sites • Over 290,000 large-format photographs • Over 65,000 measured drawings • 255,000 data pages
    6. 6. Heritage Documentation Programs HABS/HAER/HALS A Well-Used Collection HAER was one of the first collections at the LOC to be digitized because of its exceptional K-12 educational value High resolution, publication quality TIFFs are available for download copyright free Approximately 50,000 visitors each month Approximately 800,000 page views each month
    7. 7. Heritage Documentation Programs HABS/HAER/HALS Archival Storage Digitization made it possible for HABS/HAER/HALS materials to be transferred to purpose built storage at Fort Meade while maintaining access to the collection on-line
    8. 8. Heritage Documentation Programs HABS/HAER/HALS Upgrading the On-line Collection http://www.loc.gov/pictures/collection/hh/ HABS/HAER/HALS database is now the single data source for the on-line collection PDFs are available for download! PDFs allow for better image quality and increased OCR reliability for new & recent submissions Improved searching, indexing and image browsing
    9. 9. Heritage Documentation Programs HABS/HAER/HALS The Development of Standards Pictorial Archives of Early American Architecture Beaux Arts drawing traditions
    10. 10. Heritage Documentation Programs HABS/HAER/HALS National Historic Preservation Act of 1966 as amended through 1992 Public Law 102-575 TITLE I Section 101(a)(7): The Secretary shall promulgate, or revise, regulations… (B) establishing a uniform process and standards for documenting historic properties by public agencies and private parties for purposes of incorporation into, or complementing, the national historic architectural and engineering records within the Library of Congress; … Section 110, (b) Each Federal agency shall initiate measures to assure that where, as a result of Federal action or assistance carried out by such agency, an historic property is to be substantially altered or demolished, timely steps are taken to make or have made appropriate records, and that such records then be deposited, in accordance with section 101(a), in the Library of Congress or with such other appropriate agency as may be designated by the Secretary, for future use and reference.
    11. 11. Heritage Documentation Programs HABS/HAER/HALS Secretary of the Interior’s Standards for Architectural and Engineering Documentation • Adequately convey significance or value • Accurately prepared from reliable sources • Durable long-term, easily reproducible, and standard in size & format • Clear and concise
    12. 12. Heritage Documentation Programs HABS/HAER/HALS Secretary’s Standard #2: “Documentation shall be prepared accurately from reliable sources within limitations clearly stated to permit independent verification of the information.” • Field records for drawings • Accurate locational data: guidelines now call for GPS • Sourced historical reports, including footnotes and bibliography • Perspective correction at the time of capture is an essential element of HABS/HAER/HALS photography
    13. 13. Heritage Documentation Programs HABS/HAER/HALS Perspective correction Building distortion corrected in PHOTOSHOP Building distortion from digital camera angled up Building distortion corrected in
    14. 14. Heritage Documentation Programs HABS/HAER/HALS Secretary’s Standard #3: “Documentation shall be prepared on materials that are readily reproducible, durable, and in standard sizes.” • Digital preservation means accepting many unknowns Analog = 500 yrs Digital = ??? • Very few digital preservation success stories & many horror stories – current successes have been around only for a few years; • On-line storage reliability will need to increase by a factor of 1 billion for a 50% chance of files being usable after just 100 years; • Internet Archive is keeping digitized books in their original paper format because they believe they are “an authoritative and safe copy that may be called upon in the future”
    15. 15. Heritage Documentation Programs HABS/HAER/HALS
    16. 16. Heritage Documentation Programs HABS/HAER/HALS Grrrrr…..
    17. 17. Heritage Documentation Programs HABS/HAER/HALS Sustainability and Preservation of Digital Data Some of the dangers: • Resiliency – Error rate of file formats • Bit Rot - Gradual accumulation of irrecoverable bit errors • Media Degradation – Even gold CD/DVDs last only 3-10 years Practices under consideration: • Open Standard – Non-Proprietary formats • Migration – File formats change • Widespread Adoption – Safety in numbers • Availability of tools to help manage the archive
    18. 18. Heritage Documentation Programs HABS/HAER/HALS Additional Barriers to Digital Preservation Cost – IT - Digital storage is exponentially more expensive than analog. •Cost of capture is small compared to long-term storage costs • Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences Cost to preserve one movie on film - $1,059 Preserve that same movie digitally - $12,514 Lack of Industry Standards: • No standards currently exist for large-format equivalent born-digital photography
    19. 19. Heritage Documentation Programs HABS/HAER/HALS Digital photography can be used for figure pages attached to a historical report or included in the field records
    20. 20. Heritage Documentation Programs HABS/HAER/HALS Mitigation Documentation National Historic Preservation Act of 1966 as amended through 1992 Public Law 102-575 TITLE I Section 101(a)(7): The Secretary shall promulgate, or revise, regulations- • (B) establishing a uniform process and standards for documenting historic properties by public agencies and private parties for purposes of incorporation into, or complementing, the national historic architectural and engineering records within the Library of Congress; … Section 110, • (b) Each Federal agency shall initiate measures to assure that where, as a result of Federal action or assistance carried out by such agency, an historic property is to be substantially altered or demolished, timely steps are taken to make or have made appropriate records, and that such records then be deposited, in accordance with section 101(a), in the Library of Congress or with such other appropriate agency as may be designated by the Secretary, for future use and reference.
    21. 21. Heritage Documentation Programs HABS/HAER/HALS The “Levels”” When stipulating Section 106 mitigation, by what process and/or criteria does your office determine the level of documentation for HABS, HAER, HALS recording and who takes part in that process?
    22. 22. Heritage Documentation Programs HABS/HAER/HALS Level I recording is necessary for National Historic Landmark • Drawings: set of quality structures, or an intact measured drawings example of a structure, the • History: full outline- documentation of which format historical report would serve to capture an • Photography: large- identifiable building or format, black & white structure type, manufacturing photographs process, or landscape.
    23. 23. Heritage Documentation Programs HABS/HAER/HALS The Woodlands, Philadelphia, PA
    24. 24. Heritage Documentation Programs HABS/HAER/HALS Level II recording is necessary for a • Drawings: Copying of structure that may not be of original drawings national architectural, • History: Full outline- engineering or landscape format historical report significance, or for a structure of statewide or • Photography: Large- regional significance. format , black & white
    25. 25. Heritage Documentation Programs HABS/HAER/HALS Level II: copies of original drawings
    26. 26. Heritage Documentation Programs HABS/HAER/HALS Original drawings reproduced must:• adequately represent the structure as it now stands;• include basic measurements;• be clear and concise;• be legible at the size at which they are reproduced.
    27. 27. Heritage Documentation Programs HABS/HAER/HALS Level III recording is used to capture a • Drawings: sketch plan structure of state or local (optional) significance, and is • History: short-format particularly useful in historical report recording vernacular and • Photography: large- endangered structures. format; black-and- white
    28. 28. Heritage Documentation Programs HABS/HAER/HALS Currently, most documentation for Section 106 mitigation is stipulated at “level III” to include short- format reports and large-format photos
    29. 29. Heritage Documentation Programs HABS/HAER/HALS
    30. 30. Heritage Documentation Programs HABS/HAER/HALS
    31. 31. Heritage Documentation Programs HABS/HAER/HALS Field recording undertaken by Alabama SHPO—level III?!
    32. 32. Heritage Documentation Programs HABS/HAER/HALS Level IV • Drawings: No recording is intended only for drawings component survey or inventory, or for • History: short-format reconnaissance work to historical report determine which sites or • Photography: digital structures of a type, or within photographic images a particular region, should be used as a figure page in selected for higher level historical report documentation (optional)
    33. 33. Heritage Documentation Programs HABS/HAER/HALS Short-format report with digital photos as figure pages
    34. 34. Heritage Documentation Programs HABS/HAER/HALS Minnesota SHPO--NHLS
    35. 35. Heritage Documentation Programs HABS/HAER/HALS South Carolina SHPO—State Survey
    36. 36. Heritage Documentation Programs HABS/HAER/HALS Documentation that bears the names and/or appears on HABS, HAER, HALS title blocks must be sent to the Library of Congress, particularly if it is intended to meet the mitigation requirements of Section 106 recording
    37. 37. Heritage Documentation Programs HABS/HAER/HALSIf you are archivingdocumentation locally,is it publicallyaccessible? Is itaccessible on-line?
    38. 38. Heritage Documentation Programs HABS/HAER/HALS Mitigation transmittals dropped 50% between 1998 and 2000 Dropping 50% again between 2000 and 2007 1998—1,108 transmittals 2006—61 transmittals Conoid Studio, George Nakashima Woodworker, New Hope, PA
    39. 39. Heritage Documentation Programs HABS/HAER/HALS About two-thirds (or 64%)of respondents to a recentsurvey of FPOs indicated thatthey are aware thatHABS/HAER/HALS acceptsdocumentation at all levels ofsignificance - national, state,and local – for inclusion inthe Library of Congresscollection
    40. 40. Heritage Documentation Programs HABS/HAER/HALS Field-testing new recording methods
    41. 41. Heritage Documentation Programs HABS/HAER/HALS New technologies are applied to the production of traditional, archivally stable measured drawings
    42. 42. Heritage Documentation Programs HABS/HAER/HALS Recording methodology: high-definition laser scanning is often used when recording large scale sites and structures . . . . . . but it cannot read everything
    43. 43. Heritage Documentation Programs HABS/HAER/HALS Recording methodology: 3-Dimensional modeling is used to record and dissect complex structures, creating multiple drawings from a single model, and to illustrate process
    44. 44. Heritage Documentation Programs HABS/HAER/HALS Recording methodology: hand measuring and field noting still form the backbone of the recording process to ensure accuracy and engagement with the resource
    45. 45. Heritage Documentation Programs HABS/HAER/HALS Color Photography is used when color is a character defining element of the site Grandma Prisbrey’s Bottle Village, Simi Valley, California
    46. 46. Heritage Documentation Programs HABS/HAER/HALS HABS/HAER/HALS Guidelines are available on line at: http://www.nps.gov/history/hdp/
    47. 47. Heritage Documentation Programs HABS/HAER/HALS New guidelines for students & non-professionals
    48. 48. Heritage Documentation Programs HABS/HAER/HALS “Sample Projects” also provide guidance for the production of HABS/HAER/HALS documentation, at various levels of recording
    49. 49. Heritage Documentation Programs HABS/HAER/HALS The Holland Prize: capturing the defining characteristics of a site or structure in a single sheet drawing
    50. 50. Heritage Documentation Programs HABS/HAER/HALS richard oconnor@nps.gov http://www.nps.gov/history/hdp http://www.loc.gov/pictures/collection/hh

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