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A Guide to Architectural Terms & Styles

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Bryan Van Sweden, Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission

Bryan Van Sweden, Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission

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  • 1. Sticks & Stones:A Guide to Architectural Terms & Styles Bryan Van Sweden Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission
  • 2. CLASSICAL
  • 3. Pediment Classical Cornice Details Dentil moldings and capitals
  • 4. Classical OrdersDoric Ionic Corinthian
  • 5. Cornice Details ReturnFrieze
  • 6. Portico Pedimented Portico
  • 7. MEDIEVAL
  • 8. RENAISSANCE
  • 9. Stone Trim and Details Rustication Decorative quoins
  • 10. MODERN
  • 11. Periods in American Architecture • Early American Period Original settlement through 1860 • Victorian Period 1840 - 1900 • Early 20th Century 1900 - 1945 • Postwar Period (Mid-Century) 1945 - 1975
  • 12. Early American PeriodLocally Handmade Materials
  • 13. Victorian Period Factory-MilledBuilding Products
  • 14. 20th CenturyModern Manufactured Building Products
  • 15. Gable Roof Shapes Cross GableHipped Pent roof
  • 16. Roof ShapesMansard Gambrel
  • 17. Roof Pitch: Steep
  • 18. Roof Pitch: Shallow
  • 19. SteppedBalustrade Parapets Crenellated or castellated
  • 20. Gable Parapets
  • 21. Linked or ParapetChimneys
  • 22. DormersWall dormers
  • 23. Cupolas andBelvederes
  • 24. Tile Roof MaterialsShakes or Shingles Slate Standing Seam
  • 25. RoofDetails: PedimentBrackets
  • 26. Roof DetailsExposed rafter tailsBargeboard or Vergeboard
  • 27. QuoinsStone ConstructionRubble stone or field stone Coursed stone
  • 28. Smooth-faced or Cut Stone or Ashlar dressed stone Random ashlarRough-faced or quarry-faced
  • 29. Log Construction
  • 30. Timber Frame Construction
  • 31. Timber Frame Construction: Trusses
  • 32. Half-TimberConstruction
  • 33. Flemish BondBrick Piers
  • 34. Corbeling Decorative Brick
  • 35. Cast Iron
  • 36. ConcreteCast Stone
  • 37. Concrete Frame
  • 38. PorchesWraparound Balcony Porch Types Arcade
  • 39. Porch Posts ChamferedTurned
  • 40. Bay Window Oriel Window Tower Turret
  • 41. Board-and-batten Wall FinishesClapboardStucco Wood Shingles
  • 42. Syrian archesSegmental arches Arches
  • 43. Tudor Arch Pointed Arches
  • 44. 12/12 1/1 Sash Types 6/62/2
  • 45. Window Types Storefront Windows CasementChicago Style WindowsWindows Palladian Window
  • 46. Doors and Transoms Casement Windows
  • 47. Early American PeriodGermanVernacular Hans Herr House (1719) Ephrata Cloister (1732)
  • 48. Early American Period German VernacularKeim HomesteadBerks County Golden Plough Tavern, York
  • 49. Early American Period German VernacularCookes House, York Newberry Twp York County
  • 50. Cliveden, Germantown Early American Period GeorgianCarpenters Hall,Philadelphia Mt. Pleasant, Fairmount Park, Philadelphia
  • 51. ElizabethtownLancaster County Early American Period Georgian Upper Allen Township Cumberland Co
  • 52. Bath, Northampton County Early American Period Federal Marietta, Lancaster CountyFort Hunter, Dauphin County
  • 53. Early American Period Federal
  • 54. Early American PeriodGreek RevivalFounder’s Hall, Girard College Philadelphia
  • 55. Early AmericanPeriodGreek Revival ScrantonDingmans FerryPike County Ridgway Elk County
  • 56. Early American HarrisburgPeriodGreek RevivalDelaware Water Gap Turbotville, Northumberland Co
  • 57. Victorian Period York SpringsGothic Revival St. John’s Episcopal Norristown Franklin Easton
  • 58. York Springs, Adams County Victorian Period Gothic RevivalMacungie, Lehigh County Landisville, Easton Lancaster County
  • 59. Lancaster New Hope, Bucks County Victorian Period Romanesque Revival Broad Street Market, Harrisburg
  • 60. YorkVictorian PeriodItalianate Lancaster Ridgway, Elk County
  • 61. Victorian Period ItalianateHarrisburgDowntown Mechanicsburg
  • 62. Victorian Period Second EmpireWilliamsport
  • 63. Victorian Period Queen Anne New CastleCoopersburg, Lehigh County Tunkhannock, Wyoming County
  • 64. Lancaster Victorian Period Chateauesque Easton Grey Towers, Milford
  • 65. Victorian Period Shingle Style Ashcombe Estate Grantham Cumberland CountyElizabethtownLancaster County
  • 66. Early 20th CenturyBeaux Arts Memorial Hall Fairmount Park Philadelphia
  • 67. Early 20th Century Renaissance Revival Westmoreland County CourthouseLafayette BuildingButler Lancaster
  • 68. Early 20th Century Thaddeus Stevens Italian Renaissance College of Technology Lancaster RevivalHershey
  • 69. Early 20th Century Colonial RevivalYork Harrisburg Hershey
  • 70. Elizabethtown Early 20th Century Colonial RevivalMcKean County Courthouse
  • 71. Early 20th CenturyLate GothicRevival Heinz Chapel PittsburghBryn Athyn CathedralMontgomery County
  • 72. Early 20th CenturyLate Gothic Revival Harrisburg YorkLansford, Carbon Co
  • 73. Early 20th Century Carnegie Library, Swissvale Allegheny CountyCollegiate GothicRoth Hall, Thiel CollegeGreenville, Mercer County North Scranton Junior High School
  • 74. Early 20th Century Tudor Revival Edgewood Allegheny Co EastonEmlentonVenango Co Grove City Creamery
  • 75. Newville Cumberland CountyEarly 20th CenturyCraftsman Style BungalowPSU Mont Alto, Franklin County Camp Hill, Cumberland County
  • 76. Early 20th Century Craftsman Style ShippensburgCumberland County Elizabethtown Lancaster County
  • 77. Early 20th Century Art Deco WCAU, Philadelphia (1931)
  • 78. Early 20th CenturyArt Deco Easton Harrisburg Hellertown, Northampton County
  • 79. Early 20th Century International Style New Cumberland Cumberland County WilliamsportMiller Elementary SchoolMansfield, Tioga County
  • 80. Postwar Period Exaggerated Modern Wildwood, NJHarrisburg
  • 81. Handy Reference Books