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Wilson environment
Wilson environment
Wilson environment
Wilson environment
Wilson environment
Wilson environment
Wilson environment
Wilson environment
Wilson environment
Wilson environment
Wilson environment
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Wilson environment

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  • 1. How Environmental Psychology can enrich your Psychology classes Dr. Georjeanna Wilson-Doenges Chair, Psychology Department UW-Green Bay
  • 2. 5 Principles of Environmental Psychology <ul><li>Capable of improving the physical environment (applied) </li></ul><ul><li>Carried out in everyday settings </li></ul><ul><li>Considers person and setting as a holistic entity – social ecology </li></ul><ul><li>Recognizes that people actively cope with and shape settings rather than just absorb them </li></ul><ul><li>Interdisciplinary </li></ul>
  • 3. The Restorative Effects of Nature
  • 4. Consequences of Indoor Lifestyles <ul><li>Insomnia and chronic fatigue </li></ul><ul><li>Depression – S.A.D. </li></ul><ul><li>Bone disorders </li></ul><ul><li>Fertility Problems, PMS, Irregular cycles </li></ul><ul><li>Obesity and other food related illnesses </li></ul><ul><li>Increase cancer risk </li></ul><ul><li>Stress </li></ul>
  • 5. Research and Theory: Restorative Environments <ul><li>Nature has been shown to provide opportunities for renewal of cognitive resources and psycho-physiological response capabilities. </li></ul>
  • 6. People perceive nature as restorative and prefer natural environments <ul><li>Recent nationwide survey (Frerichs, 2004) showed 95% believe that a visit to nature relieves stress. </li></ul><ul><li>Motives for recreating outdoors include stress reduction, clearing the head, escape from civilization, and reflection on the important things in life. </li></ul><ul><li>People perceive nature as more beautiful and prefer it to the built environment. </li></ul>
  • 7. Nature is Restorative <ul><li>More than 20 recent studies have concluded that exposure to nature (either passive viewing or active entry) is restorative </li></ul><ul><li>Attention Restoration Theory (ART) (e.g., Bagot, 2004; Berto, 2005; Lepore & Evans, 1996) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Directed attention fatigue = decreased concentration, increased irritability and stress </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Nature restores by holding attention effortlessly (evolutionary history) and having high compatibility </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Psycho-physiological stress recovery (Hartig, et. al., 2003) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>After attention fatigue, nature (both brief views and walking) restores blood pressure to normal levels </li></ul></ul>
  • 8.  
  • 9. Stress, Health and Restoration <ul><li>Ulrich’s (1984) surgical patient study found patients with a view of nature: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>required less pain meds </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>were hospitalized 1 day less on average </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>received fewer negative evaluations from the nursing staff. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Replicated with pictures of nature </li></ul><ul><li>versus abstract art </li></ul>
  • 10. Benefits of Residential Green Space <ul><li>Ineffective stress recovery may undermine physical health </li></ul><ul><li>Urbanites without exposure to nature may display more symptoms of chronic stress. </li></ul><ul><li>Residents with abundant green space close and somewhat close (1-3 km) to home report fewer health problems (Maas, 2006). </li></ul><ul><li>Presence of green space promotes exercise, social contacts, better air quality and less noise. </li></ul>
  • 11.  

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