The Internet is a global network of computer networks. Each of these networks contains anywhere from two to thousands of computers that are linked together using special rules called protocols. When computers are connected to the Internet they are able to communicate and share information
The Internet began in the late 1960s as a network of computers that the United States Department of Defense developed using communication technology that could continue to function even when it was partially damaged.
In the 1980s the National Science Foundation (NSF) used this same technology to create its own network (NSFNET), which allowed researchers to share data and access resources located on remote computers.
Eventually many educational, governmental, commercial, and other organizations connected their own local computer networks to the NSFNET to form what is now known as the Internet.
Computers that are connected to the Internet communicate with each other using a protocol or special language called TCP/IP (Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol). TCP/IP defines how information moves among computers on the Internet.
Internet Society (ISOC): Founded in 1992, an international nonprofit professional organization that provides administrative support for the Internet. Founded in 1992, ISOC is the organizational home for the standardization bodies of the Internet.
Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF): Forum that coordinates the development of new protocols and standards. Organized into working groups that are each devoted to a specific topic or protocol. Working groups document their work in reports, called Request For Comments (RFCs).
IRTF (Internet Research Task Force): The Internet Research Task Force is a composed of a number of focused, long-term and small Research Groups.
Internet Architecture Board (IAB) : a technical advisory group of the Internet Society, provides oversight of the architecture for the protocols and the standardization process
The Internet Engineering Steering Group (IESG) : The IESG is responsible for technical management of IETF activities and the Internet standards process. Standards. Composed of the Area Directors of the IETF working groups.
The internet is an interconnection of millions of computers belonging to various networks world over. However SAFETY OF DATA, INFORMATION AND PRIVACY IN SUCH AN ENVIRONMENT IS UNDER QUESTION. The most dangerous threats that web users face today are hacking and virus, which not only damage the web sites but corrupt and change the data stored even in the hard disk, thereby, causing downtime running into hours and weeks.
FORMS OF ATTACK CYBER TERRORISM COOKIES VIRUSES HACKING
A Cyber Terrorist will remotely access the processing control systems of a cereal manufacturer, change the levels of iron supplement, and sicken and kill the children of a nation enjoying their food.
A Cyber Terrorist will disrupt the banks, the international financial transactions, and the stock exchanges. The key: the people of a country will lose all confidence in the economic system.
A Cyber Terrorist will attack the next generation of air traffic control systems, and collide two large civilian aircraft. This is a realistic scenario, since the Cyber Terrorist will also crack the aircraft's in-cockpit sensors. Much of the same can be done to the rail lines.
A Cyber Terrorist will remotely alter the formulas of medication at pharmaceutical manufacturers. The potential loss of life is unfathomable.