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"Commas for Lunch" is a 1-hour live online course with David Bowman, chief editor of Precise Edit. This presentation contains the slides for the first section of the course. More information on ...

"Commas for Lunch" is a 1-hour live online course with David Bowman, chief editor of Precise Edit. This presentation contains the slides for the first section of the course. More information on http://PreciseEdit.com (see Register for Courses link)

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    Comma.lunch.demo Comma.lunch.demo Presentation Transcript

    • Commas for Lunch Your host: David Bowman, Precise Edit
    • What’s on the menu today ?
      • APPETIZER:
        • What commas do
      • MAIN COURSE
        • Series
        • Independent clauses
        • Introductory phrases and clauses
        • Appositives
        • Direct addresses
        • Connectives
      • DESERT
        • Where no comma should go
    • Appetizer: What commas do
      • Divide major elements of a sentence
      • Divide components of a sentence into discrete units
      • Help the reader understand your meaning
      And with that in mind…
      • MAIN COURSE:
      • Where do you put the commas?
    • Commas in series
      • Rule: Put a comma after every item in a series except the last.
      • Purpose: Identify items/groups in series
      Ex: We ate hot dogs, hamburgers , and chips. (serial comma)
    • Commas in series
      • Sometimes.
      • But sometimes it contributes to clarity.
      • What we do sometimes for clarity
      • we do all the time for consistency .
      “ Hey! Isn’t that comma unnecessary?”
    • Commas in series
      • When it seems unnecessary:
      • John introduced the president, his chief of staff and the board members.
      • Our paper supply, toner and ink are empty.
    • Commas in series
      • When it is necessary:
      • The board acted on the resolution, proposal and recommendation and request.
      • How many actions: 2, 3, or 4?
    • Commas in series
      • When it is necessary:
      • 3 actions!
      • The board acted on the resolution, proposal , and recommendation and request.
      1 2 3
    • Commas in series
      • When it is necessary:
      • We wrote letters to our board members, President Obama and Paris Hilton.
      • So…Obama and Paris Hilton are our board members? This needs a comma!
    • Comma Rule #1
      • Add a comma after every item in a series except the last.
    • Joining independent clauses
      • First, a definition.
      • Independent Clauses:
        • Have a subject and predicate
        • Can serve as a complete sentence
      Ex: The company grew , and the owners profited . 1 2
    • Joining independent clauses
      • Rule: Put a comma before conjunctions that join independent clauses. ( and , or , but , yet , for , so , nor )
      • Purpose: Identify main ideas in your sentence
      Ex: The company grew , and the owners profited .
    • Joining independent clauses
      • Sometimes.
      • But sometimes it contributes to clarity.
      • What we do sometimes for clarity we do all the time for consistency .
      “ Hey! Isn’t that comma unnecessary?”
    • Joining independent clauses
      • When it seems unnecessary:
      • The wind blew and the rain fell.
      • He drove for hours and soon he was lost.
    • Joining independent clauses
      • When it is necessary:
      • Dogs like running and jumping is good for them.
      • Dogs like running and jumping, right?
    • Joining independent clauses
      • When it is necessary:
      • Dogs like running , and jumping is good for them.
      • Two ideas: 1) Dogs like running.
      • 2) Jumping is good for them.
    • More resources
      • 300 Days of Better Writing PDF, $9.95 Kindle, $9.95 Paperback $13.95
      • Precise Edit Training Manual PDF, $6.67 Kindle, $6.67
      • Writing Tips for a Year E-mail delivery, $6.67
      Books and resources by David Bowman, Owner and Chief Editor of Precise Edit More information about these resources: http://HostileEditing.com
    • Commas for Lunch
      • End of sample slides for “Commas for Lunch”
      • 1-hour live online course with
      • David Bowman, Chief Editor of Precise Edit and author of 300 Days of Better Writing
      • Course cost: $9.95
      • Enrollment limited to 18 participants per course.
      • For information about upcoming courses:
      • e-mail [email_address] or visit
      • http://PreciseEdit.com
      • http://HostileEditing.com