Comma.lunch.demo

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"Commas for Lunch" is a 1-hour live online course with David Bowman, chief editor of Precise Edit. This presentation contains the slides for the first section of the course. More information on http://PreciseEdit.com (see Register for Courses link)

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Comma.lunch.demo

  1. 1. Commas for Lunch Your host: David Bowman, Precise Edit
  2. 2. What’s on the menu today ? <ul><li>APPETIZER: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>What commas do </li></ul></ul><ul><li>MAIN COURSE </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Series </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Independent clauses </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Introductory phrases and clauses </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Appositives </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Direct addresses </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Connectives </li></ul></ul><ul><li>DESERT </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Where no comma should go </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Appetizer: What commas do <ul><li>Divide major elements of a sentence </li></ul><ul><li>Divide components of a sentence into discrete units </li></ul><ul><li>Help the reader understand your meaning </li></ul>And with that in mind…
  4. 4. <ul><li>MAIN COURSE: </li></ul><ul><li>Where do you put the commas? </li></ul>
  5. 5. Commas in series <ul><li>Rule: Put a comma after every item in a series except the last. </li></ul><ul><li>Purpose: Identify items/groups in series </li></ul>Ex: We ate hot dogs, hamburgers , and chips. (serial comma)
  6. 6. Commas in series <ul><li>Sometimes. </li></ul><ul><li>But sometimes it contributes to clarity. </li></ul><ul><li>What we do sometimes for clarity </li></ul><ul><li>we do all the time for consistency . </li></ul>“ Hey! Isn’t that comma unnecessary?”
  7. 7. Commas in series <ul><li>When it seems unnecessary: </li></ul><ul><li>John introduced the president, his chief of staff and the board members. </li></ul><ul><li>Our paper supply, toner and ink are empty. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Commas in series <ul><li>When it is necessary: </li></ul><ul><li>The board acted on the resolution, proposal and recommendation and request. </li></ul><ul><li>How many actions: 2, 3, or 4? </li></ul>
  9. 9. Commas in series <ul><li>When it is necessary: </li></ul><ul><li>3 actions! </li></ul><ul><li>The board acted on the resolution, proposal , and recommendation and request. </li></ul>1 2 3
  10. 10. Commas in series <ul><li>When it is necessary: </li></ul><ul><li>We wrote letters to our board members, President Obama and Paris Hilton. </li></ul><ul><li>So…Obama and Paris Hilton are our board members? This needs a comma! </li></ul>
  11. 11. Comma Rule #1 <ul><li>Add a comma after every item in a series except the last. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Joining independent clauses <ul><li>First, a definition. </li></ul><ul><li>Independent Clauses: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Have a subject and predicate </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Can serve as a complete sentence </li></ul></ul>Ex: The company grew , and the owners profited . 1 2
  13. 13. Joining independent clauses <ul><li>Rule: Put a comma before conjunctions that join independent clauses. ( and , or , but , yet , for , so , nor ) </li></ul><ul><li>Purpose: Identify main ideas in your sentence </li></ul>Ex: The company grew , and the owners profited .
  14. 14. Joining independent clauses <ul><li>Sometimes. </li></ul><ul><li>But sometimes it contributes to clarity. </li></ul><ul><li>What we do sometimes for clarity we do all the time for consistency . </li></ul>“ Hey! Isn’t that comma unnecessary?”
  15. 15. Joining independent clauses <ul><li>When it seems unnecessary: </li></ul><ul><li>The wind blew and the rain fell. </li></ul><ul><li>He drove for hours and soon he was lost. </li></ul>
  16. 16. Joining independent clauses <ul><li>When it is necessary: </li></ul><ul><li>Dogs like running and jumping is good for them. </li></ul><ul><li>Dogs like running and jumping, right? </li></ul>
  17. 17. Joining independent clauses <ul><li>When it is necessary: </li></ul><ul><li>Dogs like running , and jumping is good for them. </li></ul><ul><li>Two ideas: 1) Dogs like running. </li></ul><ul><li>2) Jumping is good for them. </li></ul>
  18. 18. More resources <ul><li>300 Days of Better Writing PDF, $9.95 Kindle, $9.95 Paperback $13.95 </li></ul><ul><li>Precise Edit Training Manual PDF, $6.67 Kindle, $6.67 </li></ul><ul><li>Writing Tips for a Year E-mail delivery, $6.67 </li></ul>Books and resources by David Bowman, Owner and Chief Editor of Precise Edit More information about these resources: http://HostileEditing.com
  19. 19. Commas for Lunch <ul><li>End of sample slides for “Commas for Lunch” </li></ul><ul><li>1-hour live online course with </li></ul><ul><li>David Bowman, Chief Editor of Precise Edit and author of 300 Days of Better Writing </li></ul><ul><li>Course cost: $9.95 </li></ul><ul><li>Enrollment limited to 18 participants per course. </li></ul><ul><li>For information about upcoming courses: </li></ul><ul><li>e-mail [email_address] or visit </li></ul><ul><li>http://PreciseEdit.com </li></ul><ul><li>http://HostileEditing.com </li></ul>

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