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PRDS Profile (updated may 2013)


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Participatory Rural Development Society (PRDS) …

Participatory Rural Development Society (PRDS)

(Organization Working for humanitarian relief and sustainable development)
Participatory Rural Development Society (PRDS) is a non-profit, non-governmental and non-political Humanitarian Relief and Social Development Organization working to help all affected by Disasters, Emergencies and Conflicts and Poverty in Pakistan. The Organization was established in 2004 and registered under section 20 of Societies Registration Act, 1860.

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  • 1. Participatory Rural Development Society (PRDS) Working for humanitarian relief and sustainable development P R D S A Profile
  • 2. Participatory Rural Development Society: A Profile Name of the Organization: Participatory Rural Development Society Acronym: PRDS Legal Status: Non-profit organization registered under Societies Act of 1860, Government of Pakistan Established in: 2004 Date of Registration: 18 March 2008 Registration Number: 840/5/5424 Official Address: House # 7-B, University Road, University Town Peshawar, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan Telephone: +92-91-5854387 Email:, Website: Contact Person(s): Fareed Ullah, Chief Executive Officer Cell No: +92-345 9295606 Bilal Karim, Programme Manager Cell No: +92-345 8983324 Geographical Coverage/Presence: Khyber Pakhtunkhwa: 1. Peshawar 2. Charsadda 3. Mansehra 4. Swat 5. Mardan 6. Malakand 7. Lower Dir 8. Bunir 9. Dera Ismail Khan 10. Tank 11. Nowshera Federally administered Tribal Areas (FATA) 1. Khyber 2. Mohmand 3. Bajaur 4. South Waziristan
  • 3. A. Participatory Rural Development Society (PRDS) is a non-profit, non- governmental and non-political Humanitarian Relief and Social Development Organization working to help all affected by Disasters, Emergencies and Conflicts and Poverty in Pakistan. The Organization was established in 2004 and registered under section 20 of Societies Registration Act, 1860. OTHER REGISTRATIONS INCLUDE 1. Social Welfare Department Government of KPK 3574 2. Social Welfare, Women empowerment, Zakat and Usher Department FATA Secretariat, Peshawar. 3. SAFRON/Office of the Commissioner Afghan Refugees, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. 4. System for Award Management (SAM) 5. DUNS 6. PADOR B. PRDS IDEALS, PURPOSE AND AIM Prior to the establishment of PRDS, a consistent need for a transparent, accountable and solutions based universal platform was steadily felt amongst like- minded social, developmental, and humanitarian workers with indications to their respective fields, specialties, competencies, professional experiences, social interactions, knowledge foundation and distinct intrinsic intellectual and proficient capacities. More so, in the light of our dilapidated socio-economic, living and infrastructural systems and conditions we reached the common understanding and belief to act proactively, come together, participate and contribute our share, in kind, allocation of time, energies and potentials, to form an organization that would stand-up to uphold the ideals of struggling to alleviate poverty, eliminate slavery and servitude of all forms. An organization that promotes, devises and endows ways and means to increase social cohesion and protection of all class, gender, caste and creed, protects the rights of our people especially women and children, social groups and society including marginalized and vulnerable persons and communities, and that works for the sustainable development of our people and communities in all possible ways. Thus to realize to reality, these ideals and purposes, to form a platform of an entity that can cater services and support for sustainable development as well as relief work in times of humanitarian crises, emergencies and disasters to its people. With these aforementioned ideals and purpose some like-minded friends from the social sector congregated and agreed to form Participatory Rural Development Society and mutually volunteered to provide their services, share their resources, and contribute by means of their capacities, potentials, abilities and intellect while promising and aiming to serve from a stage where the above mentioned ideals
  • 4. PRDS Profile Updated April 2013 can be chased and strived for both as a mission and through following elevated and more humane, benevolent and civilized ideals without any proceeds or personal goals in a high-spirited, more rights based, completely participatory, highly transparent, accountable, cooperative, harmonized and strategically innovative comportment in all spheres including organizational and strategic communication mechanisms and to pave the means and methods for PRDS to reach its mission objectives and goals. C. VISION PRDS vision is a self-sustaining, just peaceful and tolerant society. D. PRDS MISSION STATEMENT Serve People, alleviate Poverty, and eradicate insecurity. E. OUR PHILOSOPHY Total Excellence F. OUR CULTURE A culture of Continuous Improvement, Involvement and Empowerment G. PRDS Programme Objectives: PRDS aims to achieve objectives in the following three main thematic areas through various initiatives: Sustainable Development 1. To build common perception in favour of new a development approaches through sensitization and human & institutional development (HID) at grassroots level. 2. To provide clean water, environmental sanitation, hygiene education, health, formal and non-formal education, irrigation channels, community physical infrastructure schemes etc; to the vulnerable communities of remote areas of FATA and elsewhere in KP. 3. To empower women community of KP and FATA through literacy and vocational skills and make them useful and earning members of their families and society. 4. To address the problems associated with street children and to endeavour for the reduction of child labour by providing children with education and skills enhancement opportunities. Disaster Management: 5. Develop and implement Relief, Early Recovery, Rehabilitation, Reconstruction and Livelihoods Recovery programmes and Emergency
  • 5. PRDS Profile Updated April 2013 projects (Wash, Emergency Education, Shelter and NFI, Emergency Food security and Livelihoods and Community Infrastructure) to assist peoples and communities hit by natural disasters and conflicts in Khyber Pukhtoon Khwa and FATA Awareness and Capacity Building • Raising awareness about gender equity and fundamental rights of the people especially women and children. H. CORE VALUES 1. Respect Beliefs of all Stakeholders & Constituents a) Equity and Justice 2. Sincerity to Humanity a) Solidarity with the poor 3. Personal Integrity a) Mutual respect b) Honesty c) Independence d) Simplicity and Humility 4. Accountability and Transparency I. Working Area PRDS have deep grass root level community interaction throughout KPK and FATA and well inform about the traditional norms and culture of these societies and is therefore, competent enough to implement developmental and humanitarian programs in the region. J. Work Approaches 1. Social Mobilization and Community Organization 2. Capacity Building & Skill Development 3. Community Development and Natural Resource Management 4. Disaster risk reduction 5. Advocacy, Behavior Change and Media Communication K. PRDS SECTORS OF INTERVENTIONS & COMPETENCY Owing to PRDS capacity and technical abilities the organization focuses five primary areas of interventions including: • Sustainable Development • Emergency Response and Disaster Management • Awareness and Capacity Building The above primary sectors are further distinctively subdivided into 14 sub categories or key areas of interventions: SUB SECTORS OF INTERVENTIONS AND COMPETENCY
  • 6. PRDS Profile Updated April 2013 • WASH • Livelihoods and Food Security • Community Infrastructure • DRR and DRM • Health • Education & Literacy • Renewable Energy • NRM-Agriculture & Livelihood Development • Gender • Slavery and Servitude • Social Cohesion and Protection • Social Mobilization and Human Institutional Development • Awareness , Research and Development L. PRDS GOVERNANCE AND MANAGEMENT STRUCTURE • Governance Structure and Decision Making PRDS is formally governed by a seven member Board of Directors which is supreme policy making body. The Board meets twice a year, assess progress and provide policy guidelines. The Chief Executive is the members of the board. The board is headed by a chairman who alongside other board members is all prominent figures and worked on several senior management positions in highly reputable national and international organizations in different parts of the world . The Chief Executive ensures the implementation of polices provided by the board and, stand answerable to the board of governors on the implementation of policies and progress of the organization. A Senior Management Team Which include senior staff member of organization, of which the chief executive is a member, meets on regular basis. It assesses progress and frames for day to day management policy. Decisions are to be taken with consultation and consensus. Good governance within the organization is ensured through numerous policy tools and guidelines, approved by the board of governors which include but is not limited, Human Resource Management Standards, Financial Management Standards, Field Operation Manuals and several other monitoring tools. All PRDS policies and guidelines are strictly designed with disregard to cast, creed, race, language, gender, disability and religion and adherence to international humanitarian and social development standards.
  • 7. PRDS Profile Updated April 2013 PRDS has developed PRDS Programme Section with two strategic sub sections including Programme Development (PD) and a Programme Implementation (PI). The Programme Section is led by the Specialist Programme Manager while the sub sections including Programme Development Section and Program Implementation Section is supervised by highly competent officers/coordinators for program development and implementation. Principles of efficiency and economy prevail to maintain stringent selection and highly competitive, proficient and enabled staff that is capable and empowered to implement high quality planning and implementation and maintaining rich efficacy on international standards in humanitarian relief and sustainable development sector interventions for successful high productivity low cost paradigm. Meanwhile a Specialist Operation Manger is leading the PRDS Operation Section including sub system sections: 1. Finance, 2. Administration, HR and 3. Logistics /Procurement This is again managed by professional managers, officers and assistants. The Admin, Finance and Logistics sections is providing support role to Programme Section including program development as well as program implementation activities. The Chief Executive Officer spearheads the over-all organizational responsibility. • Building Potentials PRDS program will contribute to address poverty and aims to improve the standard of people’s lives. Remaining responsive to the aspirations and needs of the people, it hinges on the core values of harnessing indigenous resources, innovative strategies and models, cost effectiveness and efficiency, synergy and maximization of benefits, and investment in and tapping of people’s potential through economic and effective mechanisms with transparency and accountability as its core operational values. Detailed sector-wise profiles and competencies can be found in separate files/documents or on PRDS website PRDS past Experience Sectors Specific: Food Security: • Emergency Food Security and Livelihoods • Agriculture and Livestock • Cash grants (conditional/unconditional) WASH:
  • 8. PRDS Profile Updated April 2013 • Emergency Drinking Water Supply and Sanitation • Health and Hygiene Education • Hygiene Kits Distribution Community Restorative Activities: • Community Physical Infrastructure Scheme (Link Road, DWSS, Sanitations, Flood protection walls, culverts , water channels etc.) • Cash for work Emergency Education: • Community Mobilization for Enrollment • Formal education • Non formal education • Psycho-social support Social Mobilization • Mobilization and organization of underprivileged communities for their social and economic empowerment • Awareness raising regarding various issues • Village Surveys (Development of village Profiles) • Formation of Community Based Organizations and Women Organizations (CBOs/WOs) Health • Free Medical Camps • First Aid Trainings • Social Accountability • Primary care management Human and Institutional Development (HID) • Training of CBOs/WOs through training workshops, focus group discussions, debate competitions • Development of resource centers and libraries for CBOs • Focus Group Discussions on various topics and themes related to development and empowerment of the proletariat • Debating competitions in identified schools in the underprivileged communities Education • Refugees Education Programme (REP) for afghan refugees in Peshawar Valley (15 REP Schools) • Physical rehabilitation of abandoned and low performing government primary schools • Adult literacy (particularly for lactating mothers & female under 10-15 age groups)
  • 9. PRDS Profile Updated April 2013 • Formation of Parent Teacher Associations (PTAs), where parents are actively involved in decision making for improvement in school operations Livelihoods: • Social Mobilization • Identification of Potential Trainees • Skills Trainings • Market Linkages and Development Emergency Shelter and NFI: • Shelter • Distribution of NFI package
  • 10. PRDS Profile Updated April 2013 SECTORAL COMPETENCIES AND INDIVIDUAL SECTOR WISE PRDS PROGRAM COMPETENCY 1: Emergency Response & Disaster Management Emergency Response Humanitarian Relief & Disaster Management BACKGROUND Time exposes human beings to great global and local anxiety in the forms of war, earthquakes, strife, hunger, drought, floods and other disasters. When calamities strike, people look for relief and support. Our goal is to work with all partners to make sure that the victims, no matter where or who they are, get the emergency assistance they need. In disasters delays are deadly and timely response requires financial and human resources. PRDS from its own pockets as well as from its donors and contributing partners provides and seeks to provide and or strives for the cause of providing relief assistance to all those in distress and need during emergencies and disasters. We are proud of our work and feel that we need to always improve on our ability to provide and to deliver emergency and humanitarian relief more quickly, equitably and effectively and to take immediate action to alleviate acute human suffering. Responding to humanitarian disasters is not only a moral imperative, but critical for development, as a single minute of natural calamity takes away decades and centuries of human and public efforts. Emergency rescue, relief and disaster risk reduction and management are the areas of PRDS concern in order to deal with all emergencies in strategic and systematic manners as each plays its contributing role to reduce and minimize the impact of a disasters and emergencies while keeping the core values of humanity, impartiality and neutrality intact. Development efforts are increasingly at risk. A faltering global economy, food and energy insecurity, conflict, global climate change, declining ecosystems, extreme poverty, and the threat of epidemics seriously challenge progress towards improving social welfare and economic growth in many developing countries Pakistan is a disaster prone country and especially Khyber Pukhtoonkhwa (KPK) and FATA are more prone to Natural as well as manmade disaster. The KPK province and the Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA) in the last 4 decades generally and the last decade specifically is faced with considerable repetitive climatic and manmade disasters and emergencies that caused loss of life, resources as well as mass displacements and environmental migrations. These include the Earthquake in October 2005, the ongoing droughts and floods that have crumbled the national economy as massive gaps in energy sectors as well as the governments’ use of military force to curb militant insurgencies throughout the FATA and KPK has instilled the largest displacement ever in the country’s history.
  • 11. PRDS Profile Updated April 2013 Emergency Response Program Vision Participatory Rural Development Society’s emergency programs seek to meet the needs of affected populations through implementation of qualitative pre and post mitigation responses and are founded on fulfilling the rights of disaster affected populations to live with dignity with our self imposed obligatory social responsibility in enabling capacities and empowering communities for response preparedness, collective mitigation and post disaster or emergency responsiveness. Every year millions of people around the world are affected by a wide variety of calamities, from natural disasters to chronic conflict. Disaster affected populations have a right to humanitarian assistance as enshrined in international law. PRDS adheres to international standards to the greatest extent possible in all of its emergency work to ensure that disaster-affected populations are at least able to meet their basic right to live a life with dignity. We work directly with affected communities and local partners to help restore and strengthen their pre-disaster capacities. PRDS responds to natural disasters and complex emergencies including conflicts involving intra-state conflicts with regional implications. Complex emergencies can result in massive numbers of refugees and internally displaced persons, gross violations of human rights and large-scale disruption of people's livelihoods. Complex emergencies are often exacerbated by natural disasters. Today, more than 30 million people are displaced on earth. 20 million are internally displaced within their countries and others have taken refuge in other countries. These numbers doubles every seven to eight years. Vision Our Emergency Preparedness and Response vision is: to promote social justice, solidarity and compassion through timely emergency preparedness and response that addresses the needs of the most vulnerable. Mission We engage our resources to fulfill our mission and foster hope for our communities and populations by: 1. Working together as equal stakeholders 2. We build upon clear systems and procedures to share leadership 3. Strengthen existing and building new networks of partnerships and relationships 4. Strengthen local capacities and promote community ownership of emergency response 5. Achieve qualitative standards in programming 6. Access, attract and acquire material and financial resources relevant and appropriate to each emergency or disaster • For timely response to these disasters PRDS plan to create an Emergency response fund, this fund under the PRDS umbrella will be utilize for all kind of emergency responses in the region.
  • 12. PRDS Profile Updated April 2013 Emergency Preparedness, Mitigation and Response PRDS will conduct emergency work wherever it is needed based on the needs of the affected population, PRDS capacity and that of our partners to respond, and the presence of other partners. PRDS adapts what and how it does in emergencies is according to changes in the operating environment as well as within PRDS. This ability to recognize changes and trends and to adjust accordingly contributes to our shifting role in emergency preparedness and response. We approach our emergency response programming with our distinct local environment and geo-political and strategic shifts in conditions and vulnerabilities through a framework of saving lives, supporting livelihoods and strengthening civil society as well as pre-disaster preparedness and mitigation programming through building capacities of communities for preparedness, mitigation and post emergency or disaster management. We work with affected communities moving from emergency relief, rehabilitation, reconstruction post emergency management and development. In addition, PRDS helps communities to prevent future disasters through peace building programs with a focus on preventing violent conflict. Nutrition and Food We will provide food for the general population and malnourished individuals when people's normal ability to access food is disrupted by disaster especially addressing immediate food security needs while promoting activities that support sustainable livelihood. Health The need for primary health care increases in emergency settings and is critical to any emergency intervention in order to minimize mortality. PRDS will implement a range of emergency health interventions such as support to local health institutions to meet vital health needs, provision of field health workers and traditional healthcare human resources as well as access to basic medicines. Agriculture PRDS EP’s often include activities such as providing access to supplies for agricultural recovery and providing technical assistance to farmers to facilitate their return to production as soon as possible. Provision of technical agriculture and livelihood development trainings, tree and fruit plantations, livestock and livelihood development, kitchen gardening, seeds, fertilizers and agriculture inputs are also deemed essential by PRDS who will seek means and methods to provide these in emergencies. Shelter and Community Infrastructure Programs with temporary shelter also include materials that can contribute to permanent housing construction. PRDS housing and community infrastructure programs focus on community-led construction that is appropriate to the setting generally but this may also vary from case to case.
  • 13. PRDS Profile Updated April 2013 COMPETENCY 2.Water, Environment and Sanitation SUB-SECTOR-PROGRAMME AREAS A. Integrated water resources development and management B. Water resources assessment C. Protection of water resources, water quality and aquatic ecosystems D. Drinking-water supply and sanitation E. Water and sustainable urban development F. Water for sustainable food production and rural development G. Impacts of climate change on water resources Unsustainable utilization of natural resources, shortage in infrastructure facilities and lack of access in clean drinking water & irrigation water, sanitation, roads network, industries, markets and health facilities contribute to rising poverty, dilapidated conditions in terms of quality of life and livelihoods. Additionally PRDS deems Freshwater and land resources are an essential component of the earth's hydrosphere and an indispensable part of all terrestrial ecosystems. Surveys, in KPK and FATA, show that only 25% of the total households have taps for safe drinking water. 68% households of the total population does not have access to drains for wasted water, 43% of households do not have a latrine while more than 70% of the houses share single latrine. Most of the people cannot properly utilize their land due to the lack of tube wells and irrigation canals in the area. Only 5-8% of the people in the area are engaged in reasonable professions while the remaining portion of the population is either peasants or engaged in
  • 14. PRDS Profile Updated April 2013 laborious work and it is difficult for them to make both ends meet. The backwardness of FATA is represented by the absence of livelihood opportunities in great measure. On the other hand the unsustainable utilization of natural resources in the area due to the lack of resources and the neglect of the government has further compromised this situation. Moreover, unemployment, especially in youth, is causing privation and frustration which consequently leads to the emergence of radical and extremist tendencies in the region. FATA and KPK region is not only strategically located but it also has abundant natural resources ranging from natural water, wind, solar energy, forests, mineral resources, coal, oil and gas reserves etc. Moreover, the inhabitants of this terrain are historically democratic, naturally leaders, morally excelled and intellectually superior who are unfortunately caught in the grip of terrorism and extremism. The American Senate has passed the Kerry Lugar law approving 1.5 billion US Dollars to be paid annually to the government of Pakistan and more importantly establishing Reconstruction Opportunities Zones (ROZs) in FATA in order to have tariff-free access to the American market regarding the products to be produced by the industry in FATA. Having the potential of natural resources in the region it needs to be properly managed in order to diversify the prospects for livelihood for the poor people. In fact, this region offers both the problems, as poverty is rampant/infrastructural facilities are lacking, and also opportunities in view of the availability of natural resources in FATA/KPK. Owing to the importance of the Water, environment and sanitation sectors PRDS intends to extend a comprehensive Physical Infrastructure Programme throughout KPK and FATA that will seek to cater the local communities and serve for contributing to poverty alleviation and improvements of living conditions as well as livelihoods through water environment and sanitation infrastructure development and natural resource management especially in the area of land and mountain management as well as renewable energy sectors. The Programme comprise interventions in drinking and irrigation water supply schemes: hand pumps, tube wells, submersibles, pipes, storage tanks, boring and water course lining etc. In addition interventions have been made in sanitation that is expected to reduce health costs in poor communities. Being cognizant of the need to diversify the sources of energy in the area in the face of energy deficit and its bearing on the livelihoods of the locals that make it necessary to produce renewable energy through alternative sources which is not only feasible due to the availability of natural resources but is also effective and sustainable, PRDS will involve in solar water pumping and electrification. PRDS also seeks to extend partnerships and cooperation to donor and partner organizations like the Pakistan Poverty Alleviation Fund to extend Drought Mitigation and Preparedness Programme as well as the construction of mini dams, check dams, water shed management, and efficient irrigation technologies in FATA. .
  • 15. PRDS Profile Updated April 2013 Effectiveness and Sustainability being important factors of the overall strategy, PRDS Wash program will continue to be implemented through participatory mechanism ensuring the community’s contribution to the cost of the projects and allowing them greater freedom in planning and management of these projects. It will also generate a sense of ownership in the local population. It not only fulfills the basic needs of the community but the participatory approach through which it is provided also acts as a catalyst for institutional development at the grass roots. It enhances the managerial skills of the community and by mobilizing community resources for collective action. We also expect the partnership and support of PPAF especially to include Drinking water supply schemes, Sanitation, Link Road, Culverts and Irrigation Schemes. FRESH WATER RESOURCES The freshwater environment is characterized by the hydrological cycle, including floods and droughts, which in some regions have become more extreme and dramatic in their consequences. Global climate change and atmospheric pollution could also have an impact on freshwater resources and their availability and, through sea-level rise, threaten low-lying coastal areas and small island ecosystems. LAND RESOURCES Land is normally defined as a physical entity in terms of its topography and spatial nature; a broader integrative view also includes natural resources: the soils, minerals, water and biota that the land comprises. These components are organized in ecosystems which provide a variety of services essential to the maintenance of the integrity of life-support systems and the productive capacity of the environment. Land resources are used in ways that take advantage of all these characteristics. Land is a finite resource, while the natural resources it supports can vary over time and according to management conditions and uses. Expanding human requirements and economic activities are placing ever increasing pressures on land resources, creating competition and conflicts and resulting in suboptimal use of both land and land resources. If, in the future, human requirements are to be met in a sustainable manner, it is now essential to resolve these conflicts and move towards more effective and efficient use of land and its natural resources. Integrated physical and land-use planning and management is an eminently practical way to achieve this. By examining all uses of land in an integrated manner, it makes it possible to minimize conflicts, to make the most efficient trade-offs and to link social and economic development with environmental protection and enhancement, thus helping to achieve the objectives of sustainable development. The essence of the integrated approach finds expression in the coordination of the sector planning and management activities concerned with the various aspects of land use and land resources. PRDS Activities • 4 Drinking water Supply Schemes in Swat from UNDP Fund • 4 street pavements In Swat from UNDP Fund
  • 16. PRDS Profile Updated April 2013 • Installation of 02Hand Pumps in Community Building Swat from UNDP Fund • Installation of 06 Hand Pumps in Govt. School Swat from UNDP Fund • Installation of 02 water pump in 02 Govt. Schools Swat • Capacity Building of 21 CBOs on O&M in District DI Khan from UNDP Fund • 40 Hygiene Awareness Session to male and female community members in district swat funded by ERF /UNOCHA • 07 Street Pavements in DI Khan from UNDP Fund • 06 Street Pavements in Tank from UNDP Fund • Capacity Building of 21 CBOs on O&M in District DI Khan from UNDP Fund • Capacity Building of 21 CBOs on O&M in District DI Khan from UNDP Fund • Rehabilitation work in 16 BHUs in District Charsadda including Provision of Drinking water funded by CESSD ( Cowater Inc.) and capacity building of 16 Primary care management committee (PCMC) on project management and operation and maintenance (O&M). • Currently PRDS is implementing UNDP Funded early recovery project in South Waziristan agency. The project will implement 18 Community Infrastructure schemes which include Drinking water supply, water channels, and protection wall and link roads.
  • 17. PRDS Profile Updated April 2013 COMPETENCY 3. Health SECTOR OBJECTIVE PRDS delivers health services and intercede by striving to improve and enhance the health status of marginalized and affected communities focusing on provision of comprehensive, primary health service including but not limited to mother and child healthcare to reduce the infant mortality (IMR), Under Five, and Maternal Mortality Rate (MMR) and morbidity rate in FATA and Khyber Pukhtoon Khwa (KPK)-Pakistan. Background Inadequate health facilities, lack of resources and rampant growth rate contributes to degraded health conditions and status in Pakistan. More so, mal nutrition, lack of education, cultural and traditional limitations by male dominance and negative behavior in terms of willingness to access and utilize available health facilities further distorts health indicators. The KPK and FATA presents worsened health conditions in terms of facilities and services compared to other parts of the country. Owing to certain known reasons health-care facilities are either lacking or poorly accessed. The lack of access to quality health services contributes to high mortality rates for infants and children less than five years of age as well as mothers. Considerable inputs and service is needed in universal immunization, disease prevention, health promotion, and curative and rehabilitative services. In 1999, 36% of children under five year’s age were considered malnourished. About 45% of the deaths in Pakistan are attributable to communicable (contagious) diseases, which are in turn linked to social and environmental factors such as unsafe drinking water, malnutrition, over-crowding, low vaccine coverage, poverty, and high illiteracy rate that are frequently encountered in most parts of the country. Morbidity and mortality from diarrheal diseases and acute respiratory infections remain at a very high level among children. The Federal government’s allocation for health to the extent of Rs. 6 billion in the fiscal year 2009-10 bears ample testimony to the government’s potential to effect change. The poor health situation of FATA can be better assessed from the available health facilities. There are only 577 doctors available for a population of more than 4 millions which means that there is only one doctor for 6239 people. There are only 280 Lady Health Visitors (LHV) for around 1.8 million female populations whereas for 6428 females there is only one LHV available. PRDS Health Programme Interventions PRDS Current Activities in Health Sectors Interventions in health sector are underway in District Charsadda with the Support of Communication for Effective Social Service Delivery (CESSD) a Project of Cowater International. The project aim is to rehab. 23 Health facilities in District Charsadda through PCMCs (Primary Care management Committees) Strategy and Interventions
  • 18. PRDS Profile Updated April 2013 Under PRDS programme for health, improvement of primary / basic and or mother and child health services through life cycle approach at the facility and community levels is suggested. The capacity building of health staff for strengthening their service delivery will also been undertaken. To prove helpful in basic health services and to address health needs of poor and marginalized segments in the FATA & KPK. Improving basic health services, mother and child health, imparting awareness and education on health, hygiene, and nutrition, control of communicable diseases, provision of vaccination to avoid disability, providing reproductive health services at different levels, capacity-building of health staff etc are the immediate intervention areas of concern for PRDS. PROGRAMME AREAS • Primary Health Care (PHC) Services Formation or provision of static and outreach services through development of basic community health care facilities and outreach health staff, social mobilization and community based workers (like TBAs and CMWs) and MCH community health service through door step accessibility. • Building Community Health Networks Establish a network of TBAs, CMWs, LHVs, FHWs, and social organizers throughout FATA and KPK and supervised by Medical officers/doctors and field supervisors. PRDS seeks to enhance awareness and knowledge at the household level, as well as that of the health service providers, teachers, community members, about issues in MCH, immunization, Acute respiratory Infection (ARI), Control of Diarrheal Diseases (CDD), Essential Newborn Care (ENC), Nutrition and Micronutrients. The network of workers will provide preventive and curative services. The TBAs are providing door step services by visiting pregnant women, infants, and under five children. • Enhancing and Strengthening Of Immunization a. Registration of Children for immunization b. Child Health Days C. Awareness Sessions for Improved Child health-care • Family Planning • Health Hygiene/Sanitation Education 1. Awareness Education 2. Teachers and Education Staff Training on Health Hygiene Issues • Capacity Building of Line Departments and Local government institutions • Formation of Health Committees • Strengthening of Existing Health Facilities a. Provision of Equipment b. Trainings of Primary Health Care Staff • Advocacy a. Promotion of Vaccination
  • 19. PRDS Profile Updated April 2013 b. Utilization and strengthening of BHUs & RHCs
  • 20. PRDS Profile Updated April 2013 COMPETENCY 4. Education Education & Literacy Program Education is a basic human right, and determined as the most effective socio- economic investment. Pakistan’s support for education has always been poor, with less than 2 percent of GDP allocated to this sector until 2002. The present allocation is around 3 percent, which is still, less than the recommended percent by UNESCO. Official figures show that literacy rate in Khyber Pukhtoon-Khwa Province (KPK) for both sexes is 35.41%, while for FATA the figures are too low as only 17.42% of people are educated most of whom have got education at the primary level only. Out of this 35.41% figure ratio of male literacy is 51.49% while that of female is 18% only. Similarly, in FATA, the ratio of male literacy is 18.82% and that of female is 3% only, which is equal to none. The multiple Cluster Indicator Survey (MICS) in FATA shows that 69.3 % of FATA Youth between 15-24 years population is illiterate and only 30.7 % are literate. The percentage of literate 10+ year’s population in FATA is 33.8% male and 7.5% females. Poverty and backwardness is the direct corollary of lack of education. Similarly, socio-economic agonies and bad governance are the fuel behind radicalism, extremism, fundamentalism, dogmatism and subsequent terrorism as well as exposing our children to poverty and its related implications like involvement in child labor, drugs and drug trafficking, child trafficking and child abuse etc. Easy access to free, qualitative, innovative and affordable education will surely mainstream our children to education. Resultantly; their accumulative energies will be tapped into a recipe of pro-state and not anti-state activities. The recent intermittent disasters and complex emergencies, in the KPK and FATA, including earthquake, floods, droughts and more recent internal displacements in result of Pakistani security forces armed pursuit and operations against fundamentalist-religious militant insurgency that was challenging the state’s writ has completely tumbled down whatever was left little of the education infrastructure. The brutality of militants in Malakand division and later on the military operations did not only forced millions of people to leave their home and disrupt their children’s education, it also caused heavy destruction and damage to school facilities in areas of active conflict, More than 1500 schools have been reported damaged and at least a 1000 alone in the Northern districts of KPK including 231 destroyed while 431 partially damaged only in Swat. 248 of these were girls’ schools. The school destruction began a year earlier than the operations as the Taliban, with their psycho-fanatic over drive to wipe the concept of girl education from the page of the country’s history in the name of peace and religion.
  • 21. PRDS Profile Updated April 2013 It may be unrealistic to rebuild within months what has been developed in decades but a systematic link is to be retained to maintain children to be going to school in fact to increase enrolment to prevent children joining radicals and extremists. Adding to poverty and owing to conditions the inimical literacy rates and the meager infrastructural and diminutive available human resources of Malakand division, Bajaur, Mohmand, Khyber, Orakzai, Kurram, North and South Waziristan received tremendous setbacks that will further impact the future of these areas into oblivion and will contribute to indicators which has indirectly effected and restricted other indices to remain at their lowest like physical infrastructure, livelihood opportunities, environment and sanitation etc. Thus, it is of utmost importance to help restructure, rehabilitate and redevelop these areas especially the education and health systems of these areas for their survival and hope of clinging to humanity. Apart from infrastructure children are in a trauma and elders confused due to the overwhelming impacts of continuous mishaps and concomitant crises. There is an urgency to address the essential needs of education, because even a few days of lost education can lead to decreased retention from one grade to the next. For girls and boys adolescence often marks the end of their education opportunities for poverty and protection related reasons. Considering the conflict affected and the host communities more than 1.5 million children are to be provided education facilities and services to reach the pre- conflict educational status including access and infrastructure. AFGHAN REFUGEES Additionally, when we talk about children in KPK and FATA, it would be unfair to speak about the Afghan refugees who have been living in camps and host communities for the last four decades. Afghan Refugees have also remained the consequential recipients of turmoil and crisis in the last four decades and Afghan Refugee Children are especially affected by the changing geo-strategic maneuvering of geo-political players’ and stakeholders. Problems at hand include but not limited to: 1. Negligible education facilities and status. 2. Illiteracy 3. Harsh education conditions 4. Scarce Access 5. Diminished enrolment 6. Children and women were the prime sufferers of all these activities as their movements were bound and restricted by anti-social insurgent elements justified in the name of religion and orthodoxy 7. Rare educational activities even in times of peace 8. physical infrastructure of schools, 9. Teacher shortage,
  • 22. PRDS Profile Updated April 2013 10. Poor teaching and assessment methods, 11. Teacher absenteeism, 12. Unproductive teachers training, 13. High level of corporal punishment, 14. Low level of community participation in schools, 15. Little budgetary allocations all contribute to low enrolment and high drop out rates. 16. Lack of quality health services and facilities including school health systems 17. Severe and present risk of mines, UXOs, IEDs and ERWs. 18. Continued threat of prolonged conflict and war like situations. 19. Child soldiery 20. Child Abuse 21. Child trafficking 22. Child Labor 23. Early Child Development 24. Safe drinking water 25. Hygiene 26. Sanitation Emergency Education With the Support of Education Cluster KP and UNOCHA under Emergency Response Fund (ERF) PRDS is currently implementing a pojrect of Establishment of temporary learning centres in Distt Swat. In which PRDS has established 20 TLCs in 12 UCs of Swat. Rehabilitation of Govt. School With the Support of UNDP Funded Community Infrastructure Project PRDS Rehabilitated 10 Partially Affected Govt. Primary Schools in Three UCs of Tehsil Khwaza Khela Swat. PROGRAMME MISSION 1. Education For All The Constitution of Pakistan states “remove illiteracy and provide free and compulsory secondary education” to all citizens (Article 37 Constitution of Pakistan). 2. A world Fit for Children This program will look to fulfill the Millennium Development Goals MDGs of ‘a world fit for children’, “the Declaration on Education for All” and in compliance and support of “the FATA Sustainable Development Plan 2006-2015”. 3. Child Friendly Schools More importantly, this program will look to cater the need for development of Child Friendly Schools 4. Repairing Marks and Imprints of War Conflicts leave devastating marks on infrastructures and imprints on minds. Careful and considerate methods must be adopted to urgently cope with the after effects of war. Especially the children and women face trauma and psychological losses alongside the immeasurable and irreparable physical and emotional losses
  • 23. PRDS Profile Updated April 2013 brunt by losing near and dear ones. Continuous and long-term efforts, facilities and services are required to completely revive the affected people from the traumas and setbacks of war. 5. Opportunity for a Planned Initiative The only mentionable positive implication of conflicts and emergencies are the opportunity to redevelop infrastructures and social-culture norms in a manner that people felt should be done but could not be achieved prior to the conflict. This opportunity to seriously plan is a blessing in disguise if utilized properly. Especially when we want to plan for our children upon whom our future depends. PRDS EDUCATION PROGRAM PRDS and its partners promote and support access to quality basic education for all. The agency stands in solidarity with the most marginalized populations and works to effect individual, structural, and systematic changes. Afghan Refugees have also remained the consequential recipients of turmoil and crisis in the last four decades and Afghan Refugee Children are especially affected by the changing geo-strategic maneuvering of geo-political players’ and stakeholders. PRDS Education programming is based on continuous dialogue and reflection for improved performance. Special emphasis is given to working with the social agencies our shared commitment to provide and promoting interventions based on principles of social justice and our respect for human life and dignity. PRDS has three priorities for its education programming: 1. Access and Equity 2. Quality Education 3. Community Participation We focus and prefer our education programs by combining provision of nutrients and supplements with education activities that focus on improving the quality of education, girls' access to education, support for teachers, health/hygiene education and services for students, school infrastructure improvement, and increased parental and community involvement in schools. The participants in these expanded school feeding programs are mostly pre-school and primary school students in rural, food insecure regions. School feeding activities in post emergencies and conflicts have a special emphasis on drawing girls to school. In the short-term, school feeding can encourage children to enroll in school and attend regularly because they receive a meal at school. Through the school meal, children receive essential nutrients, which improve their ability to learn. This meal is also an incentive for parents to send their children to school because they know their children will eat well at school, and that they will not have to use limited family funds and time to prepare a midday meal. Beneficiaries Beneficiaries and participants in PRDS' education projects are school-age children, their parents and other members of the larger community, teachers and administrators, and local grassroots project partners. Education programs focus primarily on primary or pre-primary grades but not limited to and are
  • 24. PRDS Profile Updated April 2013 implemented through both the formal education system and informal learning environments. Informal learning environments provide basic education to groups that have traditionally been excluded from schooling and strengthen parent and community organizations to become a positive force for improving education. Background of PRDS Education Program PRDS is constantly evaluating and improving its education programming and recently expanded its focused more on primary education. • Promoting girls' education • Strengthening parental/community involvement in education • Improving access to education • Improving the quality of education • Improving infrastructure and school environments • Promoting inclusive education • Promoting adult education and literacy • Promoting early childhood development • Promoting health/hygiene/nutrition/sanitation through schools • Promoting education for peace building • Promoting vocational training and life skills • Promoting short-term food security in emergency situations • Protective education and promotion of protection issues • Mine risk awareness to children parents and teachers • child counseling and post trauma child care • Specific activities that meet these programming goals include: • Distributing micronutrient supplements to improve students' health • Providing parents, teachers, communities and children with hygiene and nutrition education • Improving teachers' skills and directors' school management techniques • Providing take-home rations to encourage the enrollment and attendance of girls and other marginalized groups • Initiating information and education campaigns to raise awareness of the importance of issues such as girls' education • Strengthening Parent Teacher Associations to increase community involvement in education • Improving school sanitation and infrastructure by repairs and maintenance • These activities provide a more holistic approach to child development and a more comprehensive support for primary education. Technical Partners and Donors • United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) • United Nations Office for Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (UNOCHA) • Emergency Response fund and Education Cluster KP • International Labour Organization (ILO) • CESSD ( Cowater International) • International Rescue Committee
  • 25. PRDS Profile Updated April 2013 Local partners include: • Education ministries • Parent-teacher associations (PTAs) • Umbrella PTA groups such as National Parents' Associations • Charities and education promotion and development groups specializing in education • Local not-for-profit organizations active in education 1. Non Formal education PRDS Plan to start a non formal education programme for illiterate adult men and women in FATA and KPK. For this purpose PRDS will hire local teachers. 2. Special Education PRDS have started survey of special children in UC mathra of District Peshawar and plan to establish a school for these special children.
  • 26. PRDS Profile Updated April 2013 Ongoing and Completed Projects: Project Name When Sector/s of project Area Total Budget Supported By Skill Development Trainings Project (Refugees affected and hosted areas-RAHA) March – May 2013 Livelihoods Peshawar PKR 2,893,280/- RAHA - UNDP Community Infrastructure Project (UNDP Early Recover Programme) 1st Dec, 2012 –31st May 2013 Community Infrastructure South Waziristan Agency 170,000 US $ UNDP Emergency food Security support -South Waziristan Agency 1st Oct, 2012-10th March 2013 Food Security South Waziristan 138851.44US $ ERF (UNOCHA) Citizen Engagement in social services delivery (CESSD) - Health Project Feb 2011 - Ongoing Health Charsadda 5 Million PKR CESSD Project of Cowater Int. Female Adult Literacy Centers Education Charsadda By NCHD under CESSD Project of Cowater Int. Restoring Com. Based Infrastructure 15th Oct, 2011-31st May 2012 Comm. Infrastructure D I KHAN DISTRICT 149, 814 US$ UNDP Restoring Com. Based Infrastructure 15th Oct, 2011 – 31st May 2012 Comm. Infrastructure TANK DISTRICT 140,371 US$ UNDP Rehab. Of Community Infrastructure Feb to June 2011 - Community Infrastructure Swat 15831500 PKR UNDP / people of Japan Emergency Education Project April 2011 – Sep. 2011 Education Swat 250,000 US $ UNOCHA/ Emergency Respons Fund (ERF) CASH FOR WORK 25th Oct 2010 to Dec 2010 Livelihood Charsadda District 12000 US $ International Labour Organization (ILO) Refugee Education Programme (REP) From Oct 1, 2010 to Dec 2012 Refugee Education Peshawar Valley IRC handed over to PRDS- project has been operational since 1992 Detail wash assessment of Munda and Uthmanzai Refugees Camps Nov. 2010 WASH Charsadda PKR 25,000/- For UNHCR Cash Grants Distribution Aug – Sep, 2010 Cash Grants Nowshera PKR 1250,000/- Pakistani Communit in England Distribution of 20 NFIs in Chowki Drab (Nowshera) August 2010 NFI Nowshera 84,000 local philanthropists Distribution of clothes , Shoes (6000 Pairs cloths and 3000 Shoes) August 2010 NFI Charsadda , Nowshera PKR 4125000/- Collected through 4 relief camps for floo affected people in Peshawar Distribution of Ramdan Food Package in 105 Families August 2010 Food Panda khel, Charsadda 125,000 local philanthropists Joint assessment (PRDS team August 2010 Agriculture Nowshera, Agriculture Cluster
  • 27. PRDS Profile Updated April 2013 participates ) Charsadda and Peshawar lead by FAO Skill Development Training (for Women) May 2010 to July 2010 Livelihoods New Abdai Jamrud Khyber agency 360,000 PRDS (saving and local philanthropists Future Plans of PRDS For future interventions PRDS plan to carry out different activities with the support of UN Spcialized Agencies (UNDP, UNHCR, UNICEF, WHO, FAO, WFP and ILO) ,on self help, through PRDS member’s contributions, Individual Donors, INGOs and other donor organizations and partners in Different areas of KPK and FATA. Below is the list of interventions. • Emergency Response ,Disaster Management and Climate Change As Pakistan is a disaster prone country and specially KPK and FATA are more prone to Natural as well as manmade disaster. For timely response to these disasters PRDS plan to create an Emergency response fund, this fund under the PRDS umbrella will be utilize for all kind of emergency responses in the region. • Women Rights and Gender Issues PRDS intend to work on women right and gender issues in future • Health PRDS has its current programme of health and intend to work on child health and maternal health in future across KP and FATA. • Education 3. Non Formal education PRDS Plan to start a non formal education programme for illiterate adult men and women in FATA and KPK. For this purpose PRDS will hire local teachers. 4. Special Education PRDS Intend to work on special education and is planning to establish a school in Peshawar • Poverty Alleviation and Sustainable Livelihoods Currently PRDS is working on poverty alleviation and sustainable livelihoods and this sector is part of PRDS programme, however PRDS wants to extend this in future. Food Security and WASH Currently PRDS is working on food security and Water Supply sanitation and hygiene education and will work in future as well. Social Mobilization PRDS intend to expand its social mobilization programme to other areas of KP and FATA. Community Organization (COs) will be formed both for male as well as
  • 28. PRDS Profile Updated April 2013 female. This will be an ongoing process for future interventions of PRDS in FATA and KPK. Community Infrastructure PRDS is working on this and plan to work in future is well. Strength of PRDS 1. Training Expertise PRDS have capacity of conducting a range of trainings in the fields of: • Training of Teacher (ToT) & TNA • Social Organization Techniques (SOT) • Development Planning & Management (DPM) • Participatory Rural Appraisal (PRA) • Project Cycle Management (PCM) • Logical Framework Analysis (LFA) • Participatory Monitoring & Evaluation (PM&E) • Proposal & Report Writing • Implementation Methods in Participatory Water Supply and Sanitation Projects • Accounts and Book Keeping, and Financial Management • Training of Teacher (ToT) & TNA • Sphere Standards 2. Technical Expertise PRDS technical capacity includes: • Writing Text Books • Research Papers • Conducting Assessment and Assessments Report • Technical Proposal (Education, Health, Wash etc.) • Watsan (surveys, Feasibility reports, BoQs, Estimates and Technical Proposals) 3. Links in FATA and KPK • PRDS has good links at the grass root level at Peshawar, Mardan, Charsada, Mansehra, Nowshera, Swat, DI Khan and Tank while at FATA in Bajuar, Khyber, Mohmand Agency and FR Peshawar. At the moment more than 200 Community Based Organizations are linked with PRDS. 4. Linkages As the team of PRDS has working experience with different national and international Organizations, Since establishment PRDS has developed wide of linkages with the public & Private Sector 5. Board of Executive PRDS has 7 Executive members on its Board. 6. Coverage Area
  • 29. PRDS Profile Updated April 2013 In KPK PRDS Work in Peshawar, Charsadda, Nowshera, Mardan, Swat, Malakand , Lower Dir, Mansehra, DI Khan and Tank While in FATA PRDS area of Interventions are Khyber, Kurram , Bajaur and Mohmand Agency Organizational Membership: • Human Resource Development Network (HRDN) Islamabad • GCPEA - Global Coalition to Protect Education from Attack • Global Development Network • Pakistan Social Accountability Network (PSAN)