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Davenport Green Week Presentation

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  • Transcript

    • 1.  
    • 2. What is Sustainable Development?
      • Development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs
    • 3. Sustainable Development Concepts
      • Brownfield Redevelopment
      • Green Building/LEED Certification
    • 4.
      • Abandoned, idled, or under-used industrial or commercial properties where expansion or redevelopment is complicated by real or perceived environmental contamination.
      What are Brownfields?
    • 5. Why Brownfields? Challenges and Opportunities
      • Challenges
        • Real or perceived environmental contamination
        • Demolition costs and issues
        • Economic conditions associated with certain locations
      • Opportunities
        • Acts as a catalyst for remediation and health and safety risk management that may not otherwise be addressed
        • Shifts development focus away from “greenfield” sites
          • Protects green and open spaces, reduces sprawl and, in turn commuting distances
          • Reduces impact of additional infrastructure on environment and promotes walking and transit use
          • Reduces construction material costs by reusing portions of existing structures, where possible, and makes use of existing infrastructure
        • General accessibility to highways and other high-density services
    • 6. Brownfield: Multi-Party, Muli-Component Projects
      • Parties
      • Developer
      • Local Brownfield Redevelopment Authority
      • Michigan Department of Environmental Quality (DEQ)
      • Local Units of Government (LUG) (core communities)
      • Michigan Economic Development Corporation (MBT Credits)
      • Environmental Consultants
      • Lawyers
      • Local Communities
    • 7. Brownfield Redevelopment Process
      • Four Main Components:
      • Determine Brownfield status
      • Determine whether cleanup is necessary
      • Seek potential funding sources for cleanup and development
      • Cleanup and redevelopment
    • 8. Is the site a Brownfield?
      • Is the site a “facility” as defined under Part 201 of the Natural Resources and Environmental Protection Act; and/or
      • Is the site located In a Qualified Local Unit of Government and blighted or functionally obsolete?
    • 9. Determine Whether Cleanup Is Necessary
      • Part 201 of the Natural Resources and Environmental Protection Act
        • Cleanup liability protection for new owners and operators
          • Baseline Environmental Assessments
        • Due care obligations
          • Prevent exacerbation of existing contamination
          • Prevent unsafe exposures to hazardous substances
          • Anticipate and take precautions to avoid foreseeable acts of third parties
        • Risk-based cleanup options
          • Remediation based on proposed land use
    • 10. Seek Potential Funding Sources for Cleanup and Development
      • Brownfield Redevelopment Financing Act and Clean Michigan Initiative
        • Grants and loans to local units of government
        • Tax increment financing for environmental and infrastructure costs
      • Michigan Business Tax Credits
      • Federal Brownfield Assessment and Cleanup Grants
    • 11. Grants
      • Brownfield Redevelopment Grants
        • Eligibility and limitations
          • Up to $1,000,000 per project
          • Michigan Department of Environmental Quality (DEQ) awards to local units of government (LUG) and Brownfield Redevelopment Authorities, not developers
          • Applicant cannot be a liable party and funds cannot be used to benefit a liable party
      • Brownfield Assessment Grants
        • Through a federal grant, DEQ provides 10 investigations per year at no charge
        • Purpose of the assessment is to evaluate property for redevelopment before a party commits to purchase and/or redevelopment
        • Eligibility and limitations
          • LUG must submit application
          • Liable parties are usually ineligible
    • 12. Loans
      • Brownfield Redevelopment Loans
      • Eligibility and Limitations
        • DEQ awards to local units of government and Brownfield Redevelopment Authorities
        • Cannot benefit a liable party
        • 15-year term
        • 5-year grace period with no payments or interest accruals
        • Can be repaid using TIF through a Brownfield Redevelopment Authority
    • 13. Tax Increment Financing (TIF)
      • Generally
        • Allows developer to capture taxes from the increase in value of the developed land
        • Can be used to reimburse a developer for eligible activities (environmental-related costs)
        • Additional advantage in “core communities” (site preparation, demolition, lead and asbestos abatement and public infrastructure)
      • Eligibility and Limitations
        • Brownfield Redevelopment Authority approval (Brownfield Redevelopment Plan)
        • Michigan Economic Growth Authority approval (for use of school taxes)
    • 14. Michigan Business Tax Brownfield Credits
      • Brownfield Credit
        • Available for up to 12.5% of eligible investments for qualifying projects
        • 3 categories of credits:
          • Large credits – investments greater than $10 million
          • Small credits – investments between $2-$10 million
          • Mini credits – investments of $2 million or less
      • Total of $40 million in credits available per year
      • 2008 legislation created MBT Brownfield tax credit in the amount of 20% of eligible investment for certain “urban development area projects”
    • 15. Cleanup and Redevelopment
    • 16. Future of Brownfield Redevelopment
      • Land Policy Institute at Michigan State University Case Study
        • Potential Application of Renewable Energy on Brownfield Sites: A Case Study of Michigan
          • Advantages of renewable energy on Brownfields:
            • Ready market for end product due to proximity to energy consumption and grid transmission
            • Available land with few current competing uses
            • Existing transportation systems
            • Sustainability and reduction of collective carbon footprint
            • Flexibility to adapt sites to higher uses in the future
          • Potential to create over 17,500 construction, maintenance and operation jobs and more than $15 billion in new investment dollars
    • 17. Future of Brownfield Redevelopment
      • Taking advantage of additional economic incentives
        • Michigan Business Tax Credits
          • Historic Rehability Credit
          • Renaissance Zone Credit
        • Energy Efficiency and Alternative Energy Credits
      • Incorporating Additional Sustainable Features
        • Green roofs
        • Landscaping to decrease stormwater runoff
        • Alternative energy sources
        • Green Building / LEED Certification
    • 18. U.S. Green Building Council
      • USGBC’s Mission
        • To transform the way buildings and communities are designed, built and operated, enabling an environmentally and socially responsible, healthy and prosperous environment that improves the quality of life.
    • 19. Why Make a Building “Green”
      • Buildings consume more than 30% of the total energy in the United States;
      • Buildings consume more than 60% of the total electricity in the United States; and
      • Approximately 5 billion gallons of potable water is used each day to flush toilets.
    • 20. LEED Version 1.0
      • Launched in 1998
      • Created from a committee composed of architects, realtors, a building owner, an attorney, environmentalist and industry representatives.
      • Any ideas as to why a cross section might have been important?
    • 21. Leadership in Energy & Environmental Design (LEED)
      • The Current LEED Rating Systems:
    • 22. LEED Certification Levels
      • Certified: 26-32 points
      • Silver: 33-38 points
      • Gold: 39-51 points
      • Platinum: 52-69 points
      • As of July 31, 2008:
      • 12,706 registered projects, totaling 3,532,219,069 square feet.
    • 23. LEED New Construction & Major Renovations v2.2
      • Credit Categories:
        • Sustainable Sites
        • Water Efficiency
        • Energy & Atmosphere
        • Materials & Resources
        • Indoor Environmental Quality
        • Innovation & Design Process
    • 24. Credit Category Point Assignments
    • 25. Sustainable Sites
      • Goals:
      • Develop only appropriate sites
      • Reuse existing buildings and/or sites
      • Protect natural and agricultural areas
      • Reduce need for automobile use
      • Protect and/or restore sites
    • 26. Water Efficiency
      • Goals:
      • Reduce the quantity of water needed for the building
      • Reduce municipal water supply and treatment burden
    • 27. Energy & Atmosphere
      • Goals:
      • Establish energy efficiency and system performance
      • Optimize energy efficiency
      • Support ozone protection protocols
      • Encourage renewable and alternative energy sources
    • 28. Indoor Environmental Quality
      • Goals:
      • Establish good indoor air quality
      • Eliminate, reduce, manage the sources of indoor pollutants
      • Ensure thermal comfort and system controllability
      • Provide for occupant connection to the outdoor environment
    • 29. Benefits of Integrated Design
      • Integrating relationships among the building project elements
      • Creates greater value and successful sustainable development
    • 30.  
    • 31. Synergies for Vegetated Roof Systems
      • Reduction of roof rainwater runoff
      • Reduction of heat island effects
      • Reduced cooling loads for the building
      • Reduced electric power demands
      • Added layer of insulation to help prevent heating energy loss
      • Protects roof membrane from sun rays
      • Communicates leadership in sustainability
      • Provides habitat for birds and wildlife
    • 32. Emerging Legal Issues
      • HB 4124 (Introduced January 27, 2009):
      • Permits a taxpayer to claim a credit equal to 50% of the total cost for the construction of a green building and the expenses incurred to obtain LEED certification or $50,000.00, whichever is less.
    • 33. City of Grand Rapids Commission Resolution No. 74599
      • All construction and renovation projects involving municipal buildings larger than 10,000 square feet and a cost of $1 million or more must receive LEED certification.
    • 34. Key Issues
      • Negotiate and draft contracts keeping in mind that the LEED rating system requires the allocation of responsibility.
      • The professionals and consultants building the project should have experience and be familiar with sustainable design, the specific rating systems, and the certification process.
      • Your contract must specify the materials, systems, and products required to achieve the necessary level of green performance.
      • You must know the state and local legislation which governs green building standards, or that otherwise offers incentives for such projects.
      • Because “green” design is non-traditional you cannot rely on a contract that might be used for a traditional built structure.
    • 35. Questions & Answers