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Collaboration between science&industry



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  • 1. What Makes Collaboration Between Science and Industry Happen? Dr. Gerd Meier zu Köcker Director General Institute for Innovation and Technology 1© VDI/VDE-IT 30.09.2011
  • 2. Sources for Innovation – Today - Internal Sources External Sources Source: IBM CEO Study 2006 2© VDI/VDE-IT 30.09.2011
  • 3. Classification of Innovations SYSTEM New series of New generation Steam engine, cars, planes, (MP3 and ICT, computers, TV download as biotechnology, substitution of nanotechnology CD) Importance of R&D and involvement of academia Improvement of New components Advanced components for existing materials systems improving componentCOMPONENT properties INCREMENTAL RADICAL „do better what „new for the „new for the we already do“ company“ world“ 3 © VDI/VDE-IT 30.09.2011
  • 4. The Innovation Dilemma Yesterday Today (Open Innovation) 4© VDI/VDE-IT 30.09.2011
  • 5. Triple Helix – Difficult Partners • Wish that political goals become reality • Often lack of understanding of reality looks like • Hierarchic structure • Reluctance to spend public money Policy • Framework conditions • Incentives • Programmes Science Industry • Mental barriers against academia• Focus on research • Not able to communicate R&D needs• Want to explore new scientific paths towards academia• Low understanding of industrial needs • No long term planning of R&D• Involvement of industry only when • Afraid of bureaucratic hurdles mandatory or incentives given • Not interested in political issues 5 © VDI/VDE-IT 30.09.2011
  • 6. Setting the Framework Conditions…..Turning major parts of the fixed annual budgets of universities … 1970 / 1980 Nowadays Collaborative R&D projects Competitive programmes / calls Collaborative R&D projects Fixed budget Fixed budget … in competitive programme calls for collaborative R&D 7 © VDI/VDE-IT 30.09.2011
  • 7. Development of Annual Budget of FhG-IDG Federal level – collaborative projects Collaborative EU – collaborative projects with projects industry Industry Fixed budget Source: Fraunhofer Institute IGD 8 © VDI/VDE-IT 30.09.2011
  • 8. R&D Expenditures in Germany • Who funds research? More than 2/3 of annual R&D 9 BuFi 2010 © VDI/VDE-IT 30.09.2011
  • 9. Types of Programme have a Direct Impact onReadiness of Industry and Academia to Co-operate  high Involvement of Industry  low Mobility & Exchange Programs Basic Research Accompanying measure Applied Research Company Specific Networks / Clusters Innovation Support 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 …… 15 years Period of time for exploitation / commercialization 10 © VDI/VDE-IT 30.09.2011
  • 10. Examples for R&D Co-operations between Industry and Academia IName of Programme: PRO INNO IIIntended for - Companies with less than 250 employees - R&D Institutions and universitiesObjectives - Stimulating incremental innovations (further development of existing products) - Collaborative development of innovative products, processes or services - No focus on certain technical scope - Neu BundesländerFunding conditions (mandatory) - At least one SME and one academic partner - Up to 300.000 T€ (funding volume) - Funding rate: up to 50 % for companies and 100 % for R&D institutions,Duration of R&D projects: less than 3 years 11 © VDI/VDE-IT 30.09.2011
  • 11. Examples for R&D Co-operations between Industry and Academia II AppliedName of Programme: Microsystem Technology researchIntended for - High Tech firms (SME) - R&D institutionsObjective: - Creating of radical innovations, new products and technologies - Stimulating collaborative R&D between industry and academiaFunding conditions (mandatory) - Consortia of at least 3 partners from industry and academia - 100 % for universities or public R&D institutions, up to 50 % for SME, overall funding rate up to 50 % - R&D outcomes are owned by SME - Average funding volume about EUR 2 Mio.Duration of R&D projects: 3 - 5 years 12 © VDI/VDE-IT 30.09.2011 Cairo, December
  • 12. The Programme Design is the Key to Stimulate Co-operation between Industry and Academia© VDI/VDE-IT 30.09.2011 13 © VDI/VDE-IT 30.09.2011
  • 13. Lessons Learned / Recommendations Industry and academia have learned to co-operate but there is still a lot to do Intensity of involvement and role of partners shall be according to the overall programme objectives Academia is only open for industrial driven R&D, if there are incentives given Programme design features and call designs are crucial for success Majority of SMEs in Germany has not yet been involved in joint R&D projects Project proposals often academia driven (written from academia for industry)  has to be changed Networks are promising tools to create need-based R&D proposals for SME 14 © VDI/VDE-IT 30.09.2011
  • 14. Thank you very much for your attention Contact data: Dr. Gerd Meier zu Köcker Institute for Innovation and Technology D-10623 Berlin Germany Tel.: +49 (0) 30 310078-118 Fax: +49 (0) 30 310078-222 E-Mail: 15© VDI/VDE-IT 30.09.2011