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  • 1. PREFACE. §”π” §π à«π¡“°¡—°°≈—«Õÿª √√§ ·μàπâÕ¬§ππ—°∑’ËÕÿª √√§¬—ßμâÕß°≈—«... ™’«‘μ§π‡√“π—Èπ‡μÁ¡‰ª¥â«¬°“√·¢àߢ—𠇪ìπ°“√·¢àߢ—π‡æ◊ËÕ„Àâ∫√√≈ÿ‡ªÑ“À¡“¬μà“ßÊ ∑’ˇ√“‰¥âμ—Èß„®‡Õ“‰«â ‰¡à«à“®–‡ªìπ‡ªÑ“À¡“¬∑’¬ß„À≠à À√◊Õ‡ªÑ“À¡“¬‡≈Á°Ê πâÕ¬Ê „°≈âμ« Ë ‘Ë —‡√’¬°‰¥â«à“‡√“μâÕß·¢àߢ—π°—∫∑—Èßμπ‡Õß·≈–ºŸâÕ◊Ëπ‡°◊Õ∫μ≈Õ¥∑—Èß™’«‘μ ‡ âπ∑“ß™’«‘μ®÷ß¡’‡ âπ™—¬√Õ„Àâ‡√“°â“«ºà“πÕ¬Ÿà‡ ¡ÕÊ·≈–‡ âπ∑“߇¥’¬«°—ππ’ȇÕß∑’Ë¡—°®–≈ÿà¡Ê ¥ÕπÊ ¡’ ‘Ëß°’¥¢«“ß„À≠à∫â“ß ‡≈Á°∫â“ß §Õ¬∫—Ëπ∑Õπ·√ß°“¬·≈–·√ß„® ‰¡à „Àâ‡√“‰ª∂÷߇ âπ™—¬‚¥¬ßà“¬ °“√ΩÉ“øíπÕÿª √√§‡À≈à“π’È ®”‡ªìπμâÕßÕ“»—¬∑—Èß°”≈—ß°“¬·≈–°”≈—ß„® ´÷Ëß¡’Õ¬Ÿà·≈â«„πμ—«‡√“∑ÿ°§π  ”À√—∫°”≈—ß°“¬π—È𠇪ìπ∑’Ë∑√“∫‚¥¬∑—Ë«‰ª«à“ ‡√“μâÕß√—∫ª√–∑“πÕ“À“√„Àâ§√∫∂â«π ·≈–∫”√ÿß√—°…“√à“ß°“¬ ‡æ◊ËÕ„Àâ¡’ ÿ¢¿“ææ≈“π“¡—¬∑’Ë¥’ ¡’‡√’ˬ«·√ß∑”°“√ß“πμà“ßÊ ‰¥â ·μà§π à«π¡“°¬—߉¡à∑√“∫∂÷ß«‘∏’°“√∑’Ë∂Ÿ°μâÕß„π°“√ÕÕ°°”≈—ß„®‡æ◊ËÕ √â“߇ √‘¡æ≈—ß„®„Àâ·°àμπ‡Õß ¥—ßπ—Èπ∂÷ß·¡â∫“ß§π®–¡’æ≈—ß°“¬¡“° ·μà°Á‰¡à “¡“√∂ΩÉ“øíπÕÿª √√§¢Õß™’«‘쉪‰¥â°≈—∫μâÕß∑Õ¥∑‘Èß¿“√°‘®μà“ßÊ ‰ª°≈“ߧ—π ‡æ√“–¢“¥°”≈—ß„®
  • 2. Àπ—ß ◊Õ ç„π∑’Ë ÿ¥...§ÿ≥°Á™π–!é ‡≈à¡π’È ‰¥â√«∫√«¡«“∑∏√√¡∑’Ë∫√‘ ÿ∑∏‘Ï ‡ªïò¬¡æ≈—ß ·≈–∑√ߧÿ≥§à“¢Õß çμ–«—π∏√√¡é®“°«“√–‚Õ°“ μà“ßÊ ¡“‡√’¬∫‡√’¬ß‡ªìπÀ¡«¥À¡Ÿà ‡æ◊ËÕ‡º¬‡§≈Á¥≈—∫„π°“√ √â“߇ √‘¡°”≈—ß„®„Àâ·¢Áß·°√àß¡—π§ßÕ¬Ÿ‡ ¡Õ Ë àæ√âÕ¡¥â«¬‡√◊ËÕß√“«μ—«Õ¬à“ß®“° Õßπ—°∏ÿ√°‘®√–¥—∫·π«Àπâ“¢Õߪ√–‡∑»‰∑¬ºŸâΩÉ“«‘°ƒμ§√—Èß„À≠à¢Õß™’«‘μ¥â«¬æ≈—ß„®Õ—π¡À“»“≈®“°°“√ªØ‘∫—μ‘∏√√¡ ¬“¡„¥∑’√ °∑âÕ·∑â ÕàÕπ≈â“ À√◊Õ ‘πÀ«—ß ‡æ√“–§≈◊π™’«μ Ë Ÿâ ÷ È Ë ‘∂“‚∂¡‡¢â“„ à ¢Õ‡æ’¬ßÀ¬‘∫Àπ—ß ◊Õ‡≈à¡π’È¢÷Èπ¡“ ·≈–Õà“π∑ÿ°∂âÕ¬§”¥â«¬„®∑’Ë ß∫π‘Ëß æ√âÕ¡°—∫πâÕ¡π”‰ªª√–æƒμ‘ªØ‘∫—μ‘μ“¡ „π∑’Ë ÿ¥§«“¡‡Àπ◊ËÕ¬≈â“¿“¬„π„®°Á®–¡≈“¬À“¬ Ÿ≠‰ª®πÀ¡¥ ‘Èπ ‡À≈◊Õ‰«â‡æ’¬ßæ≈—ß„®∑’Ë·¢Áß·°√à߇ªïò¬¡¥â«¬Õ“πÿ¿“æ æ√âÕ¡∑’Ë®–°â“«≈à«ßæâπÕÿª √√§∑—Èߪ«ßÕ¬à“ßÕ“®À“≠ ·≈⫧ÿ≥®–§âπæ∫«à“·¡â „π∫“ߧ√—ÈߥŸ‡À¡◊Õπ®–°≈“¬‡ªìπºŸâ·æâ ·μà „π∑’Ë ÿ¥...§ÿ≥°Á™π– §≥–ºŸâ®—¥∑” 10 μÿ≈“§¡ 2550
  • 3.  “√∫—≠∏√√¡¥“¢Õß‚≈°„∫π’È∏√√¡ª√–®”‚≈° _____________________________________________ 14‚≈°¢Õß§π¡’°‘‡≈  __________________________________________ 16·°â ‰¢μπ‡Õß°àÕπ ____________________________________________ 18‡¡◊ËÕ°‘‡  °≈â“ ªí≠≠“°ÁÀ¬“∫ _______________________________ 20®“°°—𠇪ìπ‡√◊ËÕß∏√√¡¥“ ___________________________________ 22∑ÿ°¢å “°≈ __________________________________________________ 24∂Ⓣ¡àÕ¬“°μ“¬°ÁμâÕ߉¡à‡°‘¥ ________________________________ 26‰¡àÀ«—ËπμàÕ¡√≥¿—¬ __________________________________________ 28쓬°—π∑ÿ°§π _______________________________________________ 30¡Õß‚≈°μ“¡§«“¡‡ªìπ®√‘ß __________________________________ 32
  • 4. ‡¡◊ËÕª√– ∫ªí≠À“‰¡à¡’∑’Ë „¥...‰¡à¡’ªí≠À“ _______________________________________ 34√Ÿâ§«“¡®√‘ߢÕß™’«‘μ _________________________________________ 36∫“ßÕ¬à“ß·°â ‰¥â ∫“ßÕ¬à“ß·°â ‰¡à‰¥â __________________________ 38√Ÿâ ‰«â„™à«à“ ____________________________________________________ 40«‘™™“™’«‘μ ___________________________________________________ 42Õÿª √√§¡’ ‰«â„Àâ¢â“¡ _________________________________________ 44Õ¬à“‡ ’¬°”≈—ß„® _____________________________________________ 46®π∑√—æ¬å ·μàÕ¬à“®π„® ______________________________________ 48 Õπμ—«‡Õß„À≥â ____________________________________________ 50·°â ‰¢§«“¡∑âÕ _______________________________________________ 52Õ¥∑π _______________________________________________________ 54μâÕß Ÿâ®÷ß®–™π– _____________________________________________ 56
  • 5. ·°âªí≠À“¥â«¬ªí≠≠“ ¡“∏‘§◊Õ∫àÕ‡°‘¥·Ààߪí≠≠“ _________________________________ 58ºàÕπÀπ—°‡ªìπ‡∫“ ___________________________________________ 60„®‡ªìπμâπ·À≈àß _____________________________________________ 62æ≈—ß∫ÿ≠ æ≈—ß„® _____________________________________________ 64·§à§‘¥°Á ”‡√Á® _______________________________________________ 66¢«—≠·≈–°”≈—ß„® ____________________________________________ 68μâÕß∫ÿ≠∂÷ß __________________________________________________ 70∫ÿ≠¡“°Õÿª √√§πâÕ¬ ∫ÿ≠πâÕ¬Õÿª √√§¡“° _______________ 72‡æ√“–«‘∫“°°√√¡ ___________________________________________ 74μ—ÈßÀ≈—°„À¡à _________________________________________________ 76∑”‰ªæ√âÕ¡Ê °—π ___________________________________________ 78∑ÿ°¢å‡æ√“–§«“¡Õ¬“° ______________________________________ 80§«“¡∑ÿ°¢å≈à¡ ≈“¬ _________________________________________ 82
  • 6. ‡¡◊ËÕ„¥„® ß∫ ®–æ∫∑“ßÕÕ°§‘¥Õ¬à“߉√ ‡ªìπÕ¬à“ßπ—Èπ ____________________________________ 84„®‡ªìπ∏“μÿ ”‡√Á® ____________________________________________ 86‰¡à¢¬“¬§«“¡∑ÿ°¢ å __________________________________________ 88∑”μ—«„Àâ ∫“¬ ∑”„®„Àâ ß∫ _________________________________ 90‡√‘Ë¡®“°„®∑’Ë ß∫ _____________________________________________ 92¿Ÿ¡‘§ÿâ¡°—π¢Õß„® _____________________________________________ 94®—¥√–∫∫„® __________________________________________________ 96∑”π‘ËßÊ ‡©¬Ê _______________________________________________ 98°”≈—ß¿“¬„π _______________________________________________ 100„® ß∫æ∫§«“¡ «à“ß ______________________________________ 102
  • 7. Õ¬Ÿà‡Àπ◊Õ ∂“π°“√≥å ‘ËßÀπ÷Ëß∑’ˬ—߇À≈◊ÕÕ¬Ÿà ______________________________________ 104¿“¬πÕ°‡§≈◊ËÕπ‰À« ¿“¬„πÀ¬ÿ¥π‘Ëß _____________________ 106‡Àπ◊Õ ‘Ëß·«¥≈âÕ¡ _________________________________________ 108μ—Èßμâπ™’«‘μ„À¡à ∑’Ë°≈“ß°“¬ _______________________________ 110À—«„®º≈‘∫“π ______________________________________________ 112Õ¬Ÿà‡¬Á𠇪ìπ ÿ¢ ____________________________________________ 114À¬ÿ¥‡ªìπμ—« ”‡√Á® _________________________________________ 116·ºà¢¬“¬§«“¡ ÿ¢ _________________________________________ 118§«“¡ ÿ¢«‘Ëß¡“À“ __________________________________________ 120¥«ßμ–«—π¿“¬„π __________________________________________ 122
  • 8. æ≈—ß„®‡æ‘Ë¡æŸπ°”≈—ß„® ____________________________________________ 124ÕÕ°°”≈—ß°“¬ ÕÕ°°”≈—ß„® _______________________________ 126°”≈—ß„®Õ—π Ÿß àß ___________________________________________ 128¿“«π“...Õ“À“√∑“ß„® _____________________________________ 130ªØ‘∫—μ‘∏√√¡ ¡Ë”‡ ¡Õ _____________________________________ 132®—¥√–‡∫’¬∫„® ¥â«¬ ¡“∏‘ __________________________________ 134æ≈—ß®“°°“√À¬ÿ¥π‘Ëß _______________________________________ 136ºŸâ°≈â“∑’Ë·∑â®√‘ß _____________________________________________ 138¬Õ¡‡æ◊ËÕ™π– ______________________________________________ 140™π–„® _____________________________________________________ 142 —≠≈—°…≥å·Ààß™—¬™π– ____________________________________ 144
  • 9. ∑’Ëæ÷Ëß∑’Ë·∑â®√‘߇ªÑ“À¡“¬™’«‘μ _____________________________________________ 146Õ¬à“∑âÕ·∑â Õ¬à“∑âÕ∂Õ¬ ___________________________________ 148ß“π∑“ß„® _________________________________________________ 150æ÷Ëß™—Ë«§√“« æ÷Ëß∂“«√ _______________________________________ 152‰¡à¡’„§√‡Õ“‰ª‰¥ â __________________________________________ 154‡À¡◊Õπ§∫‡æ≈‘ß∑’Ë®ÿà¡πÈ” ___________________________________ 156®ÿ¥®∫¢Õߪí≠À“ __________________________________________ 158‡ªìπμ—«¢Õßμ—«‡Õß _________________________________________ 160§«“¡ «à“ߢÕߥ«ßμ–«—π __________________________________ 162¥ÿ®¥«ßμ–«—π ______________________________________________ 164°“√ àß°”≈—ß„® _____________________________________________ 166
  • 10.  ¡À«—ߥ—ß„® _______________________________________________ 168¢¬“¬¥«ß„® _______________________________________________ 170 ÿ¥∑⓬°Á™π– ______________________________________________ 172™π–·πàÊ __________________________________________________ 174§≈◊Ëπ™’«‘μ __________________________________________________ 176∫∑𔇮√‘≠ ¡“∏‘¿“«π“‡∫◊ÈÕßμâπ ‡æ◊ËÕ √â“߇ √‘¡°”≈—ß„® 180 __ Ÿà‡ âπ∑“ß·Ààß™—¬™π– _____________________________________ 188- §ÿ≥Õπ—πμå Õ—»«‚¿§‘π ___________________________________ 190- §ÿ≥∫ÿ≠™—¬ ‡∫≠®√ߧ°ÿ≈ ________________________________ 234 ∂“π∑’˪ؑ∫—μ‘∏√√¡‡æ◊ËÕ √â“߇ √‘¡°”≈—ß„® ________________ 272
  • 11. 14
  • 12. ∏√√¡ª√–®”‚≈°∏√√¡ª√–®”‚≈° 8 ª√–°“√§◊Õ ¡’≈“¿ ‡ ◊ËÕ¡≈“¿ ¡’¬»‡ ◊ËÕ¡¬» ¡’§π √√‡ √‘≠¡’§ππ‘π∑“ ¡’ ÿ¢ ¡’∑ÿ°¢å∑—Èß 8 ª√–°“√π’È„§√®–À≈’°‡≈’ˬ߉ª‰¡à‰¥â‡≈¬μâÕߪ√– ∫°—π∑ÿ°§π‰¡à«à“®–¡“°À√◊ÕπâÕ¬°Áμ“¡‡«≈“∫ÿ≠ àߺ≈°Á®–π”¡“´÷Ëß≈“¿ ¬»  √√‡ √‘≠  ÿ¢·μà∂â“∫“ª àߺ≈°Á‡ ◊ËÕ¡≈“¿‡ ◊ËÕ¡¬» ¡’§ππ‘π∑“ ¡’∑ÿ°¢å„§√¡“Õ¬Ÿà„π‚≈°°Á®–μâÕ߇®ÕÕ¬à“ßπ’È ‡æ√“–‚≈°π’Ȫ°§√Õߥ⫬∫ÿ≠·≈–∫“ª‡∑à“π—Èπ 29 °√°Æ“§¡ 2545 15
  • 13. ‚≈°¢Õß§π¡’°‘‡≈  ‰¡à«à“ ‘Ëß·«¥≈âÕ¡®–‡ªìπÕ¬à“߉√ „Àâ‡√“∑ÿ°§π§‘¥‡ ’¬«à“‡ªìπ‡√◊ËÕߪ°μ‘¢Õß‚≈° „§√μàÕ„§√„π‚≈°π’È°Á≈â«π·μà‡ªìπ ºŸâ¡’°‘‡≈ ∑—Èßπ—Èπ ¡“°∫â“ß πâÕ¬∫â“ß ∫“ßæ«°¡“‡æ◊ËÕ™”√–°‘‡≈ Õ“ «–„Àâ ‘Èπ‰ª ∫“ßæ«°¡“‰¡à√Ÿâ‡√◊ËÕß√Ÿâ√“« °Á¥”‡π‘π™’«‘μ‡√◊ËÕ¬‡ªóòÕ¬  à«π¡“°¬—߉¡à√Ÿâ§«“¡®√‘ߢÕß™’«‘μ ‡æ√“–©–π—Èπ‡√“μâÕß√—°…“„®„Àâ„ Ê ‰¡àμâÕßÀ«—Ëπ‰À«°—∫Õ–‰√∑—Èß ‘Èπ ‡¡◊ËÕªí≠À“¡“∂÷߇√“°Á·°â°—π‰ª 1 °√°Æ“§¡ 255016
  • 14. 17
  • 15. ·°â‰¢μπ‡Õß°àÕπ ‡√“μâÕß√Ÿâ®—°ª≈àÕ¬«“ß ·ºà‡¡μμ“ ·≈–„ÀâÕ¿—¬°—π ‡æ√“–¡πÿ…¬å¡’°‘‡≈  μâÕßμ°Õ¬Ÿà„π ‚≈°∏√√¡ 8 ª√–°“√ ´÷Ë߇ªìπ∏√√¡ª√–®”‚≈° À√◊Õ‡ªìπ¢ÕߧŸà‚≈° §◊Õ¡’≈“¿ ·≈â«°Á‡ ◊ËÕ¡≈“¿ ¡’¬» ·≈â«°Á‡ ◊ËÕ¡¬» ¡’§ππ‘π∑“ ·≈â«°Á √√‡ √‘≠ ¡’ ÿ¢ ¡’∑ÿ°¢å §≈–‡§≈â“°—π‰ª ‡ªìπ¢Õß∏√√¡¥“18
  • 16. ∑ÿ°Õ¬à“ß≈â«π‡°‘¥®“°  ‘Ëß∑’ˇ√“∑”‰«â‡Õß„πÕ¥’μ™“μ‘ ™à«ß„¥∑’Ë∫ÿ≠ ®“°°“√∑”∑“π àߺ≈ ‡√“°Á¡≈“¿ ’·μàæÕ∫ÿ≠À¡¥ ≈“¿°Á‡ ◊ËÕ¡‰ª ‡æ√“–‰¡à¡’∫ÿ≠√Õß√—∫  ¡∫—μ‘·≈–¬»°Á‡™àπ‡¥’¬«°—π ¥—ßπ—ÈπÕ¬à“‰ª‡ ’¬‡«≈“ ·°â‰¢¢âÕº‘¥æ≈“¥¢ÕߧπÕ◊Ëπ „Àⷰ≢μπ‡Õß°àÕπ‡¡◊ËÕ·°â‰¥â·≈â« ™’«‘μ®–‡ªìπ ÿ¢ 28 °√°Æ“§¡ 2550 19
  • 17. 20
  • 18. ‡¡◊ËÕ°‘‡≈ °≈⓪í≠≠“°ÁÀ¬“∫‚≈°„∫π’ȇªìπ∑’Ë√«¡¢Õß§π¡’°‘‡≈ ®–‡ªìπÀ≠‘ßÀ√◊Õ™“¬°Áμ“¡≈â«π¬—ß¡’°‘‡≈ Õ¬Ÿà‡¡◊ËÕ°‘‡≈ °≈â“¢÷Èπªí≠≠“°ÁÀ¬“∫§«“¡‡√à“√âÕπ°Á∫—߇°‘¥·μà∂Ⓡ√“√—°…“„®„ÀâÀ¬ÿ¥π‘Ë߇ªìπ ¡“∏‘‰¥âμ≈Õ¥‡«≈“‡√“®–¡’§«“¡‡¬Áπ®“°¿“¬„π∑”„Àâ®‘μ„®¡—Ëπ§ß ‰¡àÀ«—Ëπ‰À«μàÕ ∂“π°“√≥å „¥Ê ∑’‡Ë °‘¥¢÷π È·≈–‰¡à‡√à“√âÕπμ“¡‰ª¥â«¬ 4 ¡‘∂ÿπ“¬π 2550 21
  • 19. ®“°°—𠇪ìπ‡√◊ËÕß∏√√¡¥“ °“√æ≈—¥æ√“°®“° ‘Ëß∑’Ë√—°‡ªìπ‡√◊ËÕß∏√√¡¥“ Õ¬à“«à“·μà∑√—æ¬å ‘π ‡ß‘π∑Õß ∫â“π‡√◊Õπ ·¡â·μàμ—«‡√“‡Õß°Á‡À¡◊Õπ°—π  ‘Ëß∑’ËÕ¬Ÿà „π√à“ß°“¬¢Õ߇√“¬—ßμâÕßæ≈—¥æ√“°®“°‰ª ‰¡à«à“‡√“®–ª°ªÑÕ߇撬߄¥ ‡™àπ øíπ„𪓰¬—ßμâÕߺÿ°√àÕπ À≈ÿ¥√à«ß º¡∫π»’√…–°ÁμâÕßæ≈—¥æ√“°‰ª ¢πμ“°Á√à«ßÀ≈à𠧫“¡Àπÿà¡ “«·≈–§«“¡ß¥ß“¡μâÕß®“°‡√“‰ª„π∑’Ë ÿ¥ ‡æ√“–‰¡à „™à¢Õ߇√“Õ¬à“ß·∑â®√‘ß ‡ªìπ‡æ’¬ß¢Õß™—Ë«§√“« °“√æ≈—¥æ√“°®“°°—π®÷߇ªìπ‡√◊ËÕß∏√√¡¥“ ∂Ⓡ√“‰¡à®“°¡—π‰ª°àÕπ ¡—π°Á®“°‡√“‰ª°àÕπ §π  —μ«å  ‘ËߢÕß °Á‡ªìπÕ¬à“ßπ’ȇÕß 15 °—𬓬π 254922
  • 20. 23
  • 21. ∑ÿ°¢å “°≈ ∫“ߧπ™Õ∫Õ¬à“ßπ’È·μà°≈—∫‰¥âÕ¬à“ßπ—Èπ ·¡â·μয়à§√Õß∑’ˇ√“‡≈◊Õ°¡“‡Õß ‡æ√“–π÷°«à“®–√—°°—πμ≈Õ¥°“≈ „À¡àÊ °Á¥’ ·μàμÕπÀ≈—ß°≈—∫‡ª≈’Ë¬π‰ª ∑ÿ°§π≈â«πμâÕߪ√– ∫°—∫ ‘Ëß∑’ˉ¡à‡ªìπ∑’Ë√—° ∑—Èß§π  —μ«å  ‘ËߢÕß ∑ÿ°§πμâÕßæ≈—¥æ√“° π”¡“´÷Ëߧ«“¡∑ÿ°¢å ª√“√∂π“ ‘Ëß„¥‰¡à‰¥â¥—ß„®°Á∑ÿ°¢å ‡ªìπ∑ÿ°¢å “°≈ ‡ªìπæ◊Èπ∞“π¢Õß™’«‘μ ‡ªì𧫓¡ “°≈¢Õ߇æ◊ËÕπ¡πÿ…¬å ´÷Ëßæ√– —¡¡“ —¡æÿ∑∏‡®â“∑√ß¡’«‘∏’·°â‰¢ªí≠À“π’È ºŸâ„¥°Áμ“¡∑’˪ؑ∫—μ‘μ“¡æ√–Õߧå®π∫√√≈ÿº≈ ®–°≈“¬‡ªìπºŸâ√Ÿâ ºŸâμ◊Ëπ ºŸâ‡∫‘°∫“π„π∑’Ë ÿ¥ ‡æ√“–‡¡◊ËÕ√Ÿâ‡√◊ËÕß√“«§«“¡‡ªìπ®√‘ߢÕß™’«‘μ·≈â« μ◊Ëπ®“°‚≈°¡“¬“·≈â« ®‘μ„®°Á‡∫‘°∫“π·≈–‡ªìπ ÿ¢ 22 ∏—𫓧¡ 254924
  • 22. 25
  • 23. ∂Ⓣ¡àÕ¬“°μ“¬°ÁμâÕ߉¡à‡°‘¥ §«“¡μ“¬π—Èπ‡ªìπ‡√◊ËÕߪ°μ‘∏√√¡¥“ ‡ªìπ°“√‡ª≈’Ë¬π ¿“æ®“°°“¬Àπ÷Ëß ‰ª ŸàÕ’°°“¬Àπ÷Ë߇∑à“π—Èπ‡Õß æ√–æÿ∑∏Õߧå∑√ß Õπ„Àâ‡√“√Ÿâ«à“ §«“¡μ“¬π—Èπ‡ªìπ∑ÿ°¢å ‡æ√“–À¡“¬∂÷ß°“√æ≈—¥æ√“°®“° ‘Ëß∑’Ë√—° ‡™àπ ∫ÿ§§≈Õ—π‡ªìπ∑’Ë√—°  —μ«å∑’ˇ√“√—° ∑√—æ¬å ‘π‡ß‘π∑ÕߢÕß√—° ‡ªìπμâπ æ√–æÿ∑∏Õߧå®÷ß∑√߇ÀÁπ«à“ §«“¡μ“¬‰¡à§«√¡’ „π‚≈°π’È ∑√ߧâπæ∫«à“ ∂Ⓣ¡àÕ¬“°μ“¬°ÁμâÕ߉¡à‡°‘¥ ·≈–‰¥â∑√ߧâπæ∫«‘∏’°“√‡æ◊ËÕ‰¡àμâÕß¡“‡°‘¥Õ’° ¥—ßπ—Èπ‡√“§«√ π„®·≈–»÷°…“°“√‡μ√’¬¡μ—«μ“¬°—π «à“∑”Õ¬à“߉√쓬·≈â«®÷ß®–‰ª¥’ μ“¬Õ¬à“߉√®÷ß®–‰¡à‡°‘¥Õ’° §◊Õ‰ª Ÿàπ‘ææ“π À√◊ÕÕ¬à“ßπâÕ¬°Á‰ªæ—°°≈“ß∑“ß∑’Ë «√√§å 6 惻®‘°“¬π 254926
  • 24. 27
  • 25. 28
  • 26. ‰¡àÀ«—ËπμàÕ¡√≥¿—¬∂â“„®‡√“π‘Ë߇©¬‰¥â §«“¡√Ÿâ ÷°¥’Ê®–‡°‘¥¢÷Èπ¡“·∑𧫓¡∑ÿ°¢å„®§«“¡∑ÿ°¢åÕ–‰√°Á‰¡à‡°‘𧫓¡μ“¬μÕπ„°≈â쓬π—È𠧫“¡‡®Á∫ªÉ«¬Õ“®®–∫’∫§—Èπ‡√“¡“° ¡“°®π°√–∑—ËßÕ¬“°‡¥‘πÕÕ°®“°°“¬¡πÿ…¬åÀ¬“∫‰ª‡≈¬ à«π∑ÿ°¢å∑—Ë«Ê ‰ª°Á¬—߉¡à‡∑à“‰√·μà∂Ⓡ√“∑”„®„ Ê ‰¥â‡√“®–‰¡àÀ«—ËπμàÕ¡√≥¿—¬ ‡æ√“–©–π—Èπ„Àâ‡√“√—°…“§«“¡„ ¢Õß„®‡Õ“‰«â∑”«—ππ’È¢Õ߇√“„Àâ„  „Àâ «à“ߧ«“¡¡◊¥¡’‰¡àπ“πÀ√Õ°Õ¬à“ß¡“°°Á 12 ™—Ë«‚¡ß™—Ë«‚¡ß∑’Ë 13 ¢Õß«—πæ√ÿàßπ’È°Á®– «à“ß·≈â« 23 ¡‘∂ÿπ“¬π 2550 29
  • 27. 30
  • 28. 쓬°—π∑ÿ°§π§«“¡μ“¬π—Èπ‰¡à¡’π‘¡‘μÀ¡“¬‡√“μâÕß쓬°—π∑ÿ°§π‚¥¬‰¡à∑√“∫«—𠇫≈“  ∂“π∑’Ë·≈– “‡Àμÿ∑’Ë·πàπÕπ·μà«à“‡√“®–μâÕß쓬·πàʇæ√“–©–π—Èπ‰¡à§«√¡’ ‘Ëß„¥‡ªìπÕÿª √√§μàÕ°“√Ωñ°„®„ÀâÀ¬ÿ¥π‘Ëß®–Õâ“ß«à“∏ÿ√°‘®°“√ß“π¡’ªí≠À“°Á‰¡à ¡§«√ „π‡¡◊ËÕ‡√“ —Ëß ¡∫ÿ≠¡“πâÕ¬Õÿª √√§°ÁμâÕß¡“°‡ªìπ∏√√¡¥“¬‘Ë߇√“¢“¥∫ÿ≠∑’ˇ°‘¥®“°°“√ªØ‘∫—μ‘∏√√¡·≈⫇√“°Á®–‰¡à¡’∫ÿ≠ ”À√—∫¢®—¥Õÿª √√§„À⇮◊Õ®“ß·≈–‡∫“∫“ß≈߉¥â 28 °—𬓬π 2546 31
  • 29. ¡Õß‚≈°μ“¡§«“¡‡ªìπ®√‘ß „Àâ‡√“π÷°∂÷ߧ«“¡‡ªìπ®√‘ß ¢Õß √√æ —μ«å·≈– √√æ ‘Ëß∑—ÈßÀ≈“¬ ∑’ˇ°‘¥¢÷Èπ μ—ÈßÕ¬Ÿà ·≈–‡ ◊ËÕ¡ ≈“¬À“¬‰ª„π∑’Ë ÿ¥ ‰¡à«à“®–‡ªìπ§π  —μ«å  ‘ËߢÕß μâπ‰¡â ¿Ÿ‡¢“ Õ“§“√∫â“π‡√◊Õπ √«¡∂÷ß‚≈°„∫π’È ≈â«πμâÕ߉ª Ÿà®ÿ¥®∫∑—Èß ‘Èπ ∫√√æ∫ÿ√ÿ…¢Õ߇√“ °ÁμâÕß≈–®“°‚≈°π’ȉª ·¡âæ√– —¡¡“ —¡æÿ∑∏‡®â“ ∑ÿ°æ√–Õߧå ∑√ß ¡∫Ÿ√≥å¥â«¬«‘™™“·≈–®√≥– ¬—ßμâÕߥ—∫¢—π∏ª√‘π‘ææ“π μ—«‡√“‡Õß°Á‡À¡◊Õπ°—π  —°«—πμâÕß®“°‚≈°π’ȉª  ‘Ë߇À≈à“π’ȇ°‘¥¢÷Èπ´È”·≈â«´È”‡≈à“ π—∫¿æπ—∫™“쑉¡à∂â«π32
  • 30. ‡¡◊ËÕ√ŸâÕ¬à“ßπ’È·≈â« ‡√“°ÁμâÕߧ≈“¬§«“¡ºŸ°æ—π„π∑ÿ° ‘Ëß·≈â«„™â™’«‘μ∑’ˇÀ≈◊ÕÕ¬Ÿà„πªí®®ÿ∫—π„Àâ∂Ÿ°«—μ∂ÿª√– ß§å¢Õß°“√¡“‡°‘¥‡ªìπ¡πÿ…¬åÕ¬à“ª√–¡“∑„π°“√¥”‡π‘π™’«‘μ Õ¬à“¡—«‡æ≈‘¥‡æ≈‘π„Àâ¡Õß‚≈°μ“¡§«“¡‡ªìπ®√‘ß  ‘Ëß„¥∑’Ë¡’Õ¬Ÿà®–‡ªìπ™’«‘μ ∑√—æ¬å ‘π ‡ß‘π∑Õß æ«°æâÕß ∫√‘«“√§«“¡§‘¥  μ‘ªí≠≠“ μ”·ÀπàßÀπâ“∑’Ë°“√ß“π≈â«π¡’‰«â‡æ◊ËÕ √â“ß∫ÿ≠  √â“ß∫“√¡’„Àâ‡√“π÷°§‘¥Õ¬à“ßπ’È∑ÿ°«—π À“°‡√“§‘¥™â“¡—®®ÿ√“™Õ“®§√à“‡√“‰ª°àÕπ‰¥â ·≈â« ‘Ëß∑’ˇ√“‡§¬¡’°Á®–‡À¡◊Õπ‰¡à¡’ À¡¥‚Õ°“  √â“ߧ«“¡¥’°—π∑’‡¥’¬« 3 ¡‘∂ÿπ“¬π 2550 33
  • 31. ‰¡à¡’∑’Ë„¥...‰¡à¡’ªí≠À“ ‚≈°π’ȇªìπ‚≈°·Ààߪí≠À“ ®÷ß¡’ªí≠À“Õ¬Ÿàμ≈Õ¥‡«≈“ ¡’°—π∑ÿ°ª√–‡∑»∑—Ë«‚≈° ªí≠À“‡√‘Ë¡μ—Èß·μà¿“¬„πμ—« ¢Õ߇√“‡Õß ªí≠À“¿“¬„π∫â“π ªí≠À“¢Õ߇æ◊ËÕπ∫â“π À¡Ÿà∫â“π μ”∫≈ Õ”‡¿Õ ®—ßÀ«—¥ ª√–‡∑» ·≈–π“π“ª√–‡∑» √«¡∂÷ß™π∑ÿ°√–¥—∫™—Èπ34
  • 32. ™π™—Èπ≈à“ß°Á¡’ªí≠À“·∫∫™π™—Èπ≈à“ß™π™—Èπ°≈“ß°Á¡’ªí≠À“·∫∫™π™—Èπ°≈“ß™π™—Èπ∫π°Á‡À¡◊Õπ°—π∑—È߇»√…∞’ ¬“®° «≥‘æ° ≈â«π¡’ªí≠À“°—π∑—Èßπ—Èπ‡æ’¬ß·μà®–¡’¡“° ¡’πâÕ¬ μà“ß°—π‰ª 29 °√°Æ“§¡ 2545 35
  • 33. √Ÿâ§«“¡®√‘ߢÕß™’«‘μ ‡¥Á°...°Á¡’ªí≠À“·∫∫‡¥Á° «—¬√ÿàπ...°Á¡’ªí≠À“·∫∫«—¬√ÿàπ Àπÿà¡ “«...°Á¡’ªí≠À“·∫∫Àπÿà¡ “« ºŸâ„À≠à...°Á¡’ªí≠À“·∫∫ºŸâ„À≠à Õ’°∑—Èߧπ®π §πæÕ¡’æÕ°‘π §π√«¬ μà“ß°Á¡’ªí≠À“„π√Ÿª·∫∫¢Õßμπ ‡¡◊ËÕ‡√“®–μâÕ߇®√‘≠‡μ‘∫‚μ ‡ªìπºŸâÀ≈—°ºŸâ„À≠àμàÕ‰ª„πÕπ“§μ °ÁμâÕßæ√âÕ¡∑’Ë®–ª√– ∫ªí≠À“„π∑ÿ°√Ÿª·∫∫ §«“¡√Ÿâ∑’ˉ¥â®“°‚√߇√’¬ππ—Èπ ¬—ß‰¡à‡æ’¬ßæÕ∑’Ë®–·°âªí≠À“‡À≈à“π’È ‡√“μâÕß¡’§«“¡√Ÿâ‡æ‘Ë¡‡μ‘¡®“°æ√– —¡¡“ —¡æÿ∑∏‡®â“ „π‡√◊ËÕß√“«§«“¡®√‘ߢÕß™’«‘μ ®÷ß®– Ÿâ°—∫ªí≠À“∑’ˇ°‘¥¢÷Èπ„π‚≈°„∫π’È ‰¥âÕ¬à“ß∂Ÿ°μâÕß·≈–‡ªìπº≈ ”‡√Á® 14 °√°Æ“§¡ 255036
  • 34. 37
  • 35. ∫“ßÕ¬à“ß·°â‰¥â ∫“ßÕ¬à“ß·°â‰¡à‰¥â ªí≠À“∑’‡°‘¥¢÷ππ—π Ë È È ∫“ßÕ¬à“ß·°â‰¢‰¥â ∫“ßÕ¬à“ß·°â‰¢‰¡à‰¥â ∫“ßÕ¬à“ß·°â‰¥â„π∑—π∑’ ∫“ßÕ¬à“ßμâÕß„™â‡«≈“¡“°¢÷Èπ ·μà∫“ßÕ¬à“ß„™â‡«≈“·≈â«°Á·°â‰¡à‰¥â æ√– —¡¡“ —¡æÿ∑∏‡®â“∑√ß √ÿª«à“ªí≠À“¡’ 2 Õ¬à“ß §◊Õ  ‡μ°‘®©“°—∫Õ‡μ°‘®©“ À¡“¬∂÷ß·°â‰¢‰¥â·≈–·°â‰¢‰¡à‰¥â μ—«Õ¬à“߇™àπ ¡’¥∫“¥π‘È«¢Õ߇√“‡ªìπ·º≈ Õ—ππ’È·°â‰¥â ·μà∂â“À“°§Õ¢“¥°Á·°â‰¡à‰¥â μâÕ߉ª‡°‘¥„À¡à‡∑à“π—Èπ ‡√“μâÕߧ”π÷ß∂÷ߧ«“¡®√‘ߢÕß™’«‘μ·≈–ß“π «à“‡ªìπ‡™àππ—Èπ‡Õß ©–π—Èπ‡¡◊ËÕ‡®Õªí≠À“∑’Ë·°â‰¡à‰¥â ‡√“°ÁμâÕß√—°…“„®„Àâ„ Ê ‡Õ“‰«â ‰¡àª≈àÕ¬„Àâ∑ÿ°¢å„®‰ª°«à“π—Èπ ·≈â«®÷ߪ√—∫ª√ÿß·°â‰¢μπ‡Õß ‡æ◊ËÕ∑’Ë«à“¿æ™“μ‘μàÕ‰ª ‡√“®–‰¥â¡’™’«‘μ„À¡à∑’Ë¥’°«à“ ‰¡àμâÕߪ√– ∫«‘∫“°°√√¡À√◊ÕÕÿª √√§¢Õß™’«‘μ ‡À¡◊Õπ„π¿æ™“μ‘π’ÈÕ’° 26 °—𬓬π 254538
  • 36. 39
  • 37. 40
  • 38. √Ÿâ‰«â„™à«à“‡¡◊ËÕ‡√“‡®√‘≠«—¬¢÷Èπºà“π‚≈°„∫π’È¡“°‡¢â“‡√“®–‡¢â“„®™’«‘μ¡“°¢÷ÈπÕ’°‚¥¬‡©æ“–‡¡◊ËÕª√– ∫ªí≠À“¢Õß™’«‘μ §” Õπ¢Õßæ√– —¡¡“ —¡æÿ∑∏‡®â“®–™à«¬·°âªí≠À“‰¥â¥—ßπ—Èπ„Àâ‡√“‡√’¬π√Ÿâ·≈–»÷°…“‡Õ“‰«â„πμÕππ’È¡’·≈⫬—߉¡à „™â°Á‰¡à‡ªìπ‰√·μà∂÷߇«≈“‡√“®–„™â·≈⫉¡à¡’∂◊Õ«à“Õ—πμ√“¬ 14 °√°Æ“§¡ 2550 41
  • 39. 42
  • 40. «‘™™“™’«‘짫“¡®√‘ߢÕß™’«‘μ§◊Õ...‡√“‰¡à “¡“√∂¥”√ßÕ¬Ÿà‰¥â¥â«¬«‘™“™’æ‡æ’¬ßÕ¬à“߇¥’¬«μâÕß¡’«‘™™“™’«‘μ§Õ¬‡§’¬ß¢â“߇ªìπ°—≈¬“≥¡‘μ√„Àâ¥â«¬‡æ√“–¬“¡„¥∑’Ë¡’Õÿª √√§‡√“¬—ß “¡“√∂Õ“»—¬«‘™™“™’«‘μ∑’ˇ√’¬π√Ÿâ¡“§Õ¬ª√–§—∫ª√–§Õß„Àâ¢â“¡æâπÕÿª √√§π—Èπ‰¥â 30 ¡‘∂ÿπ“¬π 2550 43
  • 41. Õÿª √√§¡’‰«â„Àâ¢â“¡ Õÿª √√§¡’‡Õ“‰«â„Àâ¢â“¡ ∑–‡≈ߥߓ¡‡¡◊ËÕ¬“¡¡’§≈◊Ëπ ∂ⓇՓ°√–¥“π‰ª‚μâ§≈◊Ëπ ·≈â«°≈—∫æ∫«à“‰¡à¡’§≈◊Ëπ ‡√“®–Àßÿ¥Àß‘¥∑’‡¥’¬« ∑–‡≈™’«‘μ°Á‡™àπ°—π μâÕß¡’§≈◊Ëπ®÷ß®–ߥߓ¡ μâÕß¡’Õÿª √√§°—π∫â“ß ¢Õ‡æ’¬ß‡√“√—°…“„®‰«â ≥ »Ÿπ¬å°≈“ß°“¬44
  • 42. ‡À¡◊Õπ‡√“¬◊πÕ¬Ÿà∫π°√–¥“π‚μâ§≈◊Ëπ‚¥¬‰¡àÀ«—Ëπ‰À«„π∑ÿ°Ê  ‘Ëß®–‡ªìπ§π  —μ«å  ‘ËߢÕß°“√ß“πÀ√◊Õ‡√◊ËÕßÕ–‰√μà“ßÊ®ß∑”„®„À⇢⡷¢Áß·μàÕ¬à“·¢Áß°√â“«μâÕß·¢Áß·°√à߇¢â“‰«â¥â«¬°“√Ωñ°„®À¬ÿ¥π‘Ëß„π ¡“∏‘„À≥â∑ÿ°«—π 23 °ÿ¡¿“æ—π∏å 2550 45
  • 43. Õ¬à“‡ ’¬°”≈—ß„® ™’«‘μ‰¡à‰¥â√“∫‡√’¬∫‡ ¡Õ‰ª... ·μà≈ÿà¡Ê ¥ÕπÊ ‡À¡◊Õπ¿Ÿ‡¢“„πªÉ“¥ßæ߉æ√ ¡’≈Ÿ°‡≈Á° ≈Ÿ°„À≠à  ŸßÊ μË”Ê ¥—ßπ—Èπ...‡¡◊ËÕ‡®ÕÕÿª √√§¢Õß™’«‘μ °ÁÕ¬à“∑âÕ·∑â Õ¬à“∑âÕ∂Õ¬46
  • 44. ‡ ’¬Õ–‰√°Á‡ ’¬‰ª·μàÕ¬à“‡ ’¬§«“¡ ß∫¢Õß„®Õ¬à“‡ ’¬°”≈—ß„®∑’Ë®–μàÕ Ÿâ°—∫Õÿª √√§π—Èπ¬“¡„¥∑’ˇ√“∑âÕ·∑â®ß Ÿâ™’«‘μ¥â«¬ μ‘ªí≠≠“·≈–°”≈—ß„®Õ—π Ÿß àß 15 ¡‘∂ÿπ“¬π 2550 47
  • 45. ®π∑√—æ¬å ·μàÕ¬à“®π„® ‡√“‡°‘¥¡“ √â“ߧ«“¡¥’ °ÁμâÕß∑”„Àâ‡μÁ¡∑’Ë ‡√“μâÕß„™â«—π‡«≈“‡æ◊ËÕ°“√π’È «—πÀπ÷Ëߧ◊πÀπ÷Ëߪ√–‡¥’ά«‡¥’¬« À≈—∫μ“ ≈◊¡μ“‰¡à°’Ë∑’°ÁÀ¡¥«—𠇥’ά«°ÁÀ¡¥‡«≈“¢Õß™’«‘μ·≈â« Õ¬à“ª≈àÕ¬„Àâ°”≈—ß„®¢Õ߇√“μ°μË” Õ¬à“‰ªÀ«—ßæ÷Ëß°”≈—ß„®®“°„§√Õ◊Ëπ À√◊Õ‰ª‡∑’ˬ«¢Õ°”≈—ß„®®“°„§√Ê ‡À¡◊Õπ«≥‘æ°À√◊Õ¬“®°∑’ˬ“°®π°”≈—ß„® ®π∑√—æ¬å¬—ßæÕ·°â‰¢‰¥â ·μàÕ¬à“®π„®°Á·≈â«°—π 15 °√°Æ“§¡ 254448
  • 46. 49
  • 47. 50
  • 48.  Õπμ—«‡Õß„À≥Ⱄ≈—ß„®π—Èπ¡’Õ¬Ÿà·≈â«„πμ—«‡√“®–¥÷ßÕÕ°¡“„™â‡∑à“‰√°Á‰¥â∑—Èßπ—Èπ‡æ√“–¡’¡“°Õ¬à“߉¡à¡’∑’Ë ‘Èπ ÿ¥¬‘Ëß„À≠à¡À“»“≈...°«à“¿Ÿ‡¢“À‘¡“≈—¬°«â“ß„À≠à‰æ»“≈...°«à“¡À“ ¡ÿ∑√‡ªìπ¥ÿ®∑–‡≈·Ààß°”≈—ß„®∑’ˉ√âΩíòßμâÕß Õπμ—«‡Õß„À≥âÕ¬à“ßπ’È·≈â«¥÷ß°”≈—ß„®ÕÕ°¡“„™â∫àÕ¬ÊÕ¬à“Ωñ°π‘ —¬∑âÕ·∑â‡∫◊ËÕÀπà“¬  ‘ÈπÀ«—߇æ√“–®–μ‘¥¢â“¡¿æ¢â“¡™“쑉ª 15 °√°Æ“§¡ 2544 51
  • 49. 52
  • 50. ·°â‰¢§«“¡∑âÕ∑âÕ·∑â·≈â«®–∑âÕ∂Õ¬„À⇪≈’Ë¬π§«“¡∑âÕ·∑⇪ì𧫓¡∑â“∑“¬·≈â«®–æ∫«à“...«‘∏’·°â‰¢§«“¡∑âÕ·∑â∑’Ë¥’∑’Ë ÿ¥°Á§◊Õ‡≈‘°§‘¥∂÷ß¡—π·≈–ª≈ÿ°°”≈—ß„®„Àâ≈ÿ°‚™μ‘™à«ß¢÷Èπ¡“¡ÿàßÀπâ“∑”§«“¡¥’°—πμàÕ‰ª¥â«¬§«“¡‡™◊ËÕ¡—Ëπ«à“... —°«—π...§«“¡¥’®–μâÕß àߺ≈Õ¬à“ß·πàπÕπ 12 ¡°√“§¡ 2550 53
  • 51. 54
  • 52. Õ¥∑π§”«à“ çÕ¥∑πéÀ¡“¬§«“¡«à“·¡â®–¡’·√ß°¥¥—π¡“®“°∑ÿ°∑‘»∑“ß∑—Èß∑“ß°“¬ ∑“ß«“®“·≈–∑“ß„® ∑—Èß„π¢≥–À≈—∫μ◊Ëπ ¬◊𠇥‘π π—Ëß πÕπ°Á¢Õ„Àâ‡√“ ç∑πé‡√“μâÕß Ÿâ... Ÿâ„π°“√ √â“ߧ«“¡¥’ √â“ß∫ÿ≠∫“√¡’„Àâ§√∫∂â«π∫√‘∫Ÿ√≥åÕ¬à“‰¥â∑âÕ·∑âÀ√◊Õ∑âÕ∂Õ¬ 10  ‘ßÀ“§¡ 2550 55
  • 53. μâÕß Ÿâ®÷ß®–™π– μâÕß Ÿâ®÷ß®–™π–  Ÿâ°—∫ ‘Ëß∑’Ë∫—ߧ—∫‡√“Õ¬Ÿà„π„® ∑”„Àâ‡√“μ°‡ªìπ∫à“«‡ªìπ∑“ ¢ÕßÕ°ÿ»≈ „Àâ‡√“°√–∑”·μà ‘Ë߉¡à¥’∑’Ë°àÕ„À⇰‘¥«‘∫“° ‡√“μâÕß Ÿ°∫¡—π â— ‡¡◊ËÕ‡°‘¥¢÷Èπ∑’Ë„®...‡√“°ÁμâÕß Ÿâ∑’Ë„® ‡√“μâÕߥ—∫¡—π≈ß∑’Ë„® ‡Õ“™π–¥â«¬°”≈—ß„® ‚¥¬¡’‡ªÑ“À¡“¬‡ªìπÀ≈—° ‡À¡◊ÕπÕ¬à“ß¬Õ¥π—° Ÿâ ¬Õ¥π—° √â“ß∫“√¡’„π°“≈°àÕπ 16 μÿ≈“§¡ 254756
  • 54. 57
  • 55. 58
  • 56.  ¡“∏‘§◊Õ∫àÕ‡°‘¥·Ààߪí≠≠“ªí≠À“π—Èπ “¡“√∂·°â‰¢‰¥â¥â«¬ªí≠≠“ ªí≠≠“®–‡°‘¥¢÷Èπ°ÁμàÕ‡¡◊ËÕ‡√“¡’ ¡“∏‘ ‡æ√“– ¡“∏‘‡ªìπ∫àÕ‡°‘¥·Ààߪí≠≠“ ¡“∏‘°Á§◊Õ„®∑’ËÀ¬ÿ¥π‘Ëßπ—Ëπ‡Õ߇¡◊ËÕ‡√“À¬ÿ¥„®‰¥â∂Ÿ° à«π·≈⫇√“®–‡¢â“∂÷ß...°√–· ·Ààߧ«“¡ ÿ¢°√–· ·Ààߪí≠≠“𔉪 Ÿà°“√·°âªí≠À“¥â«¬„®∑’Ë„  ‡ªïò¬¡‰ª¥â«¬§«“¡√Õ∫√Ÿâ·≈–æ≈—ß·Ààߧ«“¡¥’∑”„Àâ‡√“ “¡“√∂·°âªí≠À“‰¥â ”‡√Á® ‰¡à™â“°Á‡√Á« 28 °—𬓬π 2546 59
  • 57. ºàÕπÀπ—°‡ªìπ‡∫“ „π¬“¡∑’ˇ√“ª√– ∫∑ÿ°¢å „Àâπ÷°∂÷ß∏√√¡– Ωñ°„®„ÀâÀ¬ÿ¥π‘Ëß ¬Õ¡√—∫«à“ ‡ªìπ«‘∫“°°√√¡∑’ˇ√“∑”‰«â‡Õß ‰¡à„™à„§√∑”„Àâ ‡√“∑”‡Õß ‰¡à¡’„§√≈‘¢‘μ ‡¡◊ËÕ‡√“∑”‡Õß ‡√“°ÁμâÕß·°â‡Õß μâÕßÕ¥∑π √â“ߧ«“¡¥’Àπ’°√√¡ ¥â«¬°“√„Àâ∑“π √—°…“»’≈ ‡®√‘≠¿“«π“ Ωñ°„®„ÀâÀ¬ÿ¥π‘Ëß æÕμ—ÈßÀ≈—°‰¥â·≈â« ®–¡’¥«ßªí≠≠“·≈–°”≈—ß„®„π°“√·°â‰¢ªí≠À“ ºàÕπÀπ—°‡ªìπ‡∫“ ‡∫“‡ªìπÀ“¬ 12 ∏—𫓧¡ 254960
  • 58. 61
  • 59. 62
  • 60. „®‡ªìπμâπ·À≈àß®ßÕ¬à“ª≈àÕ¬„Àâ„®‡ªìπ∑ÿ°¢åμâÕß∑”„®„Àâ ß∫π‘ß ‡æ◊Õ‰¡à„Àâ Ë Ë‡√“ Ÿ≠‡ ’¬§«“¡ ß∫¢Õß„®‡æ√“–„®‡ªìπ·À≈àß·Ààßæ≈—ßß“π·À≈àß·Ààß°”≈—ß„® ·À≈àß·Ààߥ«ßªí≠≠“ ·À≈àߢÕß∫ÿ≠∑’‡Ë √“∑”¡“¢â“¡¿æ¢â“¡™“μ‘∫ÿ≠®–™à«¬§≈’§≈“¬ªí≠À“ Ë´÷߇°‘¥®“°∫“ªÕ°ÿ»≈ Ë∑’‡Ë √“‰¥âæ≈“¥æ≈—ß∑”‰ª„πÕ¥’μ È´÷ß®–·°â‰¢‰¥âμÕßÕ“»—¬∫ÿ≠‡∑à“π—π Ë â È«‘∏Õπ‰¡à “¡“√∂·°â‰¢‰¥â ’ ◊Ëæ≈—ß∫ÿ≠‡∑à“π—π®÷ß®–·°âæ≈—ß∫“ª È∫ÿ≠∏“μÿ “¡“√∂·°â∫“ª∏“μÿ‰¥âπ’‡È ªìπÀ≈—° ”§—≠ 26 μÿ≈“§¡ 2546 63
  • 61. æ≈—ß∫ÿ≠ æ≈—ß„® ∫ÿ≠‡ªìπ ‘Ëß ”§—≠∑’Ë ÿ¥ ∑’®–∑”„Àâ‡√“ª√– ∫§«“¡ ”‡√Á® Ë „π™’«‘μ „π∏ÿ√°‘® Àπâ“∑’Ë°“√ß“π ·≈–°‘®°“√πâÕ¬„À≠à ®–∫—π¥“≈„Àâ‡√“¡’§«“¡§‘¥∑’Ë¥’ ¡’°”≈—ß„® Ÿß àß ¡’§”查՗π∑√ßæ≈—ß °√–∑” ‘Ëß„¥°Á∫√√≈ÿº≈ ®–¡’æ«°æâÕß∫√‘«“√ ·≈–≈Ÿ°πâÕß∑’Ë¥’ ¡“§Õ¬™à«¬‡À≈◊Õ‡°◊ÈÕ°Ÿ≈‡√“ ∑”„Àâæ∫·μà‡Àμÿ°“√≥å ·≈– ‘Ëß·«¥≈âÕ¡∑’Ë¥’Õ’°¥â«¬ ‡æ√“–©–π—Èπæ÷ß∑”∫ÿ≠‡Õ“‰«â‡∂‘¥ ª√–‡ √‘∞π—° 13  ‘ßÀ“§¡ 255064
  • 62. 65
  • 63. ·§à§‘¥°Á ”‡√Á® §«“¡‡™◊ËÕ∑’Ë«à“§«“¡ ”‡√Á®®–‡°‘¥¢÷Èπ‰¥â ‡æ√“– 1  ¡Õß 2 ¡◊Õ §◊ÕμâÕߢ¬—π μâÕ߇°àß μâÕß∑”¥â«¬μ—«‡Õßπ—Èπ ∂Ÿ°μâÕ߇撬ߠà«πÀπ÷Ëß ·μଗ߉¡à ¡∫Ÿ√≥å ‡æ√“–∫“ß∑’¡’À≈“¬ ¡ÕßÀ≈“¬¡◊Õ °Á¬—߉¡àª√– ∫§«“¡ ”‡√Á®‡≈¬ ·μà ”À√—∫∫“ß§π ‰¡à‰¥â„™â ¡Õß°—∫¡◊Õ ·§àπ÷°Ê §‘¥Ê ¥”√‘Õ¬Ÿà„π„®°Á ”‡√Á®‰¥â ‡æ√“–¡’§π¡“§Õ¬™à«¬‡À≈◊Õ ·≈–¡’ ‘Ëߥ’Ê ‡°‘¥¢÷Èπ¡“‡Õ◊ÈÕÕ”π«¬ ∑—Èßπ’È°Á‡æ√“–°”≈—ß∫ÿ≠ π—∫«à“πà“¡À—»®√√¬å∑’‡¥’¬« 13  ‘ßÀ“§¡ 255066
  • 64. 67
  • 65. ¢«—≠·≈–°”≈—ß„® °”≈—ß„®¡’Õ¬Ÿ·≈â« à „πμ—«¢Õ߇√“∑ÿ°§π ªí≠≠“°Á¡Õ¬Ÿà ’ ‰¡àμâÕß· «ßÀ“®“°∑’ËÕ◊Ëπ ∂â“À“°‡√“‡Õ“¡“„™â °Á®–¬‘Ëß¡’°”≈—ß„® ¬‘Ëß¡’§«“¡√Õ∫√Ÿâ ¢«—≠°Á¡’Õ¬Ÿà„πμ—« ®–∑”¢«—≠„À⥒ °ÁμâÕß —Ëß ¡§«“¡¥’  —Ëß ¡∫ÿ≠∫“√¡’ „Àâ¡“°Ê ‡¡◊ËÕ∫ÿ≠‡°‘¥¢÷Èπ ¢«—≠·≈–°”≈—ß„® °Á®–æ≈Õ¬¥’‰ª¥â«¬ 2 情¿“§¡ 255068
  • 66. 69
  • 67. μâÕß∫ÿ≠∂÷ß ∫ÿ≠‡ªìπ∫àÕ‡°‘¥·Ààߧ«“¡ ÿ¢·≈–§«“¡ ”‡√Á®„π™’«‘μ ∂Ⓡ√“‡ªìππ—°∏ÿ√°‘®∑’Ë®–μâÕßμ—¥ ‘π„®§√—Èß ”§—≠Ê À≈—ß®“°∑’ˇ√“‰¥â√«∫√«¡·≈–»÷°…“¢âÕ¡Ÿ≈μà“ßÊ ¡“·≈â« μâÕßμÕ∫ Yes À√◊Õ No ‡∑à“π—Èπ §◊Õμ°≈ßÀ√◊Õ‰¡àμ°≈ß ∂â“μ—¥ ‘π„®∂Ÿ° ‡√“°Á®–ª√– ∫§«“¡ ”‡√Á® ∂â“μ—¥ ‘π„®º‘¥ ™’«‘μ°Á≈”‡§Á≠ ∫“ߧπ‡™◊ËÕ«à“μ—¥ ‘π„®∂Ÿ°‡æ√“–‚™§™à«¬ À√◊Õ∫“ß§π§‘¥«à“∑’Ë≈⡇À≈«°Á‡æ√“–¥«ß‰¡à¥’ ·μà ‘Ëß∑’ËÕ¬Ÿà‡∫◊ÈÕßÀ≈—ß‚™§™–μ“ °Á§◊Õ∫ÿ≠π—Ëπ‡Õß ·¡â®–¡’∑ÿπ∂÷ß ∑’¡∂÷ß „®∂÷ß ∂÷ßæ√âÕ¡¥â«¬ªí®®—¬μà“ßÊ ·μà∂â“∫ÿ≠‰¡à∂÷ß °Á¬—߉ª‰¡à∂÷ߥ«ß¥“« ‰¡àª√– ∫§«“¡ ”‡√Á®Õ¬Ÿàπ—Ëπ‡Õß 1 μÿ≈“§¡ 255070
  • 68. 71
  • 69. ∫ÿ≠¡“°Õÿª √√§πâÕ¬ ∫ÿ≠πâÕ¬Õÿª √√§¡“° §π¡’∫ÿ≠¡“°... Õÿª √√§™’«‘μ°ÁπâÕ¬ §π¡’∫ÿ≠πâÕ¬... Õÿª √√§™’«‘μ°Á¡“° π’ȧ◊Õ§«“¡®√‘ß ∑’ËμâÕß»÷°…“°—π„À⥒ ‡ªìπ‚™§¢Õ߇√“ ∑’ˉ¥â√—∫§«“¡√Ÿâπ’È ®“°æ√– —¡¡“ —¡æÿ∑∏‡®â“ ‡√“®÷ßμâÕß —Ëß ¡∫ÿ≠°—π „Àâ¡“°Ê ‡¢â“‰«â ‡æ√“–∫ÿ≠ ‡ªìπ∫àÕ‡°‘¥·Ààߧ«“¡ ÿ¢ ·≈–§«“¡ ”‡√Á® 13 ¡’π“§¡ 255072
  • 70. 73
  • 71. ‡æ√“–«‘∫“°°√√¡ °Æ·Ààß°√√¡π’ȇ√“μâÕß»÷°…“ ‡¡◊ËÕ»÷°…“·≈â«°Á‰¡à§«√®–Õ—∫‡©“ ‡Àß“ÀßÕ¬ ∑âÕ·∑â À√◊Õª≈àÕ¬™’«‘μ‰ªμ“¡¬∂“°√√¡ ‚¥¬‰¡à Ÿâ™’«‘μÀ√◊ÕÀπ’ªí≠À“ ‡√“»÷°…“‡æ◊ËÕ„Àâ√Ÿâ·≈–‡¢â“„®«à“ æƒμ‘°√√¡¢Õ߇√“≈â«π¡’º≈‡ªìπ«‘∫“°°√√¡ ‰¡à«à“®–§‘¥ 查 À√◊Õ∑” ≈â«π¡’º≈∑—Èß ‘Èπ ‡¡◊ËÕ∑√“∫Õ¬à“ßπ’È·≈â« ‡√“®–‰¥â‰¡à∑ÿ°¢å„®¡“°®π‡°‘π‰ª ¬“¡„¥∑’˪√– ∫∑ÿ°¢å ‡√“®–‰¥âμ√–Àπ—°«à“ π’ˇªìπ‡æ√“–«‘∫“°°√√¡¢Õ߇√“‡Õß 12 ∏—𫓧¡ 254974
  • 72. 75
  • 73. μ—ÈßÀ≈—°„À¡à ‡¡◊ËÕ∑√“∫‡√◊ËÕß°Æ·Ààß°√√¡·≈â« ‡√“§«√®–„™âÀ≈—°«‘™™“ „π°“√ Ÿâªí≠À“™’«‘μ∑’ˇ°‘¥¢÷Èπ ‚¥¬‡√‘Ë¡μ—ÈßÀ≈—°‡ ’¬°àÕπ ·≈⫧‘¥À“∑“ßÕÕ°Õ¬à“ß∂Ÿ°μâÕß ‰¡àμâÕߥ◊Ë¡‡À≈â“ ‡≈àπ°“√æπ—π ‡∑’ˬ«‡μ√à À√◊ÕºŸ°§Õ쓬 ¬“¡„¥∑’˪√– ∫∑ÿ°¢å ‡√“μâÕßπ÷°∂÷ß∏√√¡– ·≈â«Ωñ°„®„ÀâÀ¬ÿ¥π‘Ëß Õ¥∑π √â“ߧ«“¡¥’Àπ’°√√¡ ¥â«¬°“√„Àâ∑“π √—°…“»’≈ ‡®√‘≠¿“«π“ 12 ∏—𫓧¡ 254976
  • 74. 77
  • 75. ∑”‰ªæ√âÕ¡Ê °—π °Æ·Ààß°√√¡∑”„Àâ‡√“ ‡°√ß°≈—«μàÕº≈¢Õß∫“ª ‡æ√“–‡√“√Ÿâ·≈â««à“ ∂â“¡’æƒμ‘°√√¡‰¡à¥’ °Á®–¡’Õ∫“¬‡ªìπ∑’ˉª ¡’§«“¡∑ÿ°¢å∑√¡“π ¡“°°«à“„π‚≈°¡πÿ…¬åÀ≈“¬‡∑à“ ‡¡◊ËÕ√ŸâÕ¬à“ßπ’È·≈â« ‡√“®–‰¥âÕ¥∑π ∫”‡æÁ≠μ∫– μàÕ Ÿâ‡æ◊ËÕ‡Õ“™π–Õÿª √√§ ¡’ªí≠À“°Á·°â‰ª... ¡’ß“π°Á∑”‰ª... ∫ÿ≠°ÁμâÕß √â“ß... ·≈–‡®√‘≠ ¡“∏‘¿“«π“‰ª¥â«¬ μâÕß∑”‰ªæ√âÕ¡Ê °—πÕ¬à“ßπ’È 12 ∏—𫓧¡ 254978
  • 76. 79
  • 77. 80
  • 78. ∑ÿ°¢å‡æ√“–§«“¡Õ¬“°Õ√‘¬ —® 4 ª√–°“√À¡“¬∂÷ß ™’«‘쇪ìπ∑ÿ°¢å‡æ√“–§«“¡∑–¬“πÕ¬“°§«“¡Õ¬“°∑’ˇ®◊Õ‰ª¥â«¬§«“¡‡æ≈‘π §◊Õ§«“¡‰¡à√Ÿâ‡æ≈‘π Ê ‰ª Õ¬“°‰¥â Õ¬“°¡’Õ¬“°‡ªìπ ‡¡◊ËÕ‡√“√Ÿ‡â Àμÿ·Ààß∑ÿ°¢å·≈â« ®÷߇ªìπ ¡ÿ∑—¬À¬ÿ¥§«“¡Õ¬“°‰¥â §◊Õπ‘‚√∏‡°‘¥¢÷Èπ∑’Ë„®°ÁμâÕßÀ¬ÿ¥∑’Ë„®æÕÀ¬ÿ¥§«“¡Õ¬“°‰¥â·≈â«°Á®–‡¢â“∂÷ß¡√√§ ®–‡ÀÁπ¡√√§‡ªìπÀπ∑“ß∑’Ë®–𔉪 ŸàÕ“¬μππ‘ææ“π 26 ¡°√“§¡ 2546 81
  • 79. §«“¡∑ÿ°¢å≈à¡ ≈“¬ „π¬“¡∑’˪√– ∫∑ÿ°¢å ‡√“μâÕßπ÷°∂÷ß∫ÿ≠ π÷°∂÷ß∏√√¡–¢Õßæ√– —¡¡“ —¡æÿ∑∏‡®â“ ‡æ◊ËÕ„Àâ§≈“¬∑ÿ°¢å ÕÕ°®“°∑ÿ°¢å ‡¡◊ËÕ¢®—¥∑ÿ°¢å‰¥â·≈â« °Á„ÀâªØ‘∫—μ‘∏√√¡°—πμàÕ‰ª ‡æ√“–¬“¡„¥∑’ˇ√“‡¢â“∂÷ߧ«“¡ ÿ¢¿“¬„𠧫“¡°≈ÿâ¡°Á®–À“¬‰ª ≈◊¡‰ª‡≈¬ ¡’·μ৫“¡ªï쑇∫‘°∫“𠧫“¡∑ÿ°¢å®–≈à¡ ≈“¬À“¬‰ª ‡À¡◊Õπ§∫‡æ≈‘ß∑’Ë¥—∫≈ß ‡¡◊ËÕ™ÿà¡ “¬Ωπ ®‘μ„®®–‡ª≈’ˬπ·ª≈߉ª„π∑“ß∑’Ë¥’¢÷Èπ „ ¢÷Èπ 30 ¡’π“§¡ 254682
  • 80. 83
  • 81. §‘¥Õ¬à“߉√ ‡ªìπÕ¬à“ßπ—Èπ À“°‡√“√Ÿâ®—°§‘¥ ‡√“®– √√À“ ·μ৫“¡§‘¥∑’Ë®√√‚≈ß„® ‡æ√“–®√‘ßÊ ·≈⫇√“ “¡“√∂ À“§«“¡ ÿ¢‰¥â∑ÿ°«—π ¢÷ÈπÕ¬Ÿà°—∫«à“ ‡√“®–§‘¥Õ–‰√ ∂â“®–„Àâ°≈ÿ¡ â °Á§‘¥‡√◊ËÕß∑’Ë∑”„Àâ°≈ÿâ¡ ∂â“®–„Àâ¡’§«“¡ ÿ¢ °ÁμâÕߧ‘¥‡√◊ËÕß∑’Ë∑”„Àâ¡’§«“¡ ÿ¢ ‰¡à¡’„§√¡“¢Ÿà∫—ߧ—∫„Àâ‡√“§‘¥‡≈¬ ‡√“Õ¬Ÿàμ“¡≈”æ—ß §‘¥μ“¡≈”æ—ß ®– ÿ¢À√◊Õ∑ÿ°¢å®÷ßÕ¬Ÿà∑’Ë §«“¡§‘¥¢Õ߇√“ 14 °—𬓬π 254784
  • 82. 85
  • 83. „®‡ªìπ∏“μÿ ”‡√Á® „Àâ‡√“‡≈◊ËÕ𧫓¡¢ÿàπ¡—« §«“¡«‘μ°°—ß«≈ §«“¡‡»√â“ ´÷¡ ‡§√’¬¥ ‡∫◊ËÕ °≈ÿâ¡ Õ–‰√μà“ßÊ ÕÕ°‰ª‡ ’¬°àÕ𠇪ìπ‡√◊ËÕß·ª≈° ‡æ√“–„®‡ªìπ∏“μÿ ”‡√Á® ∂â“Õ¬“°®–°≈ÿâ¡°Á„Àâπ÷°‡√◊ËÕß°≈ÿâ¡ ·≈⫇√“®– ¡À«—ß∑—π∑’ ∂â“Õ¬“°«‘μ° ®ß§‘¥‡√◊ËÕß∑’Ë∑”„Àâ«‘μ° ∂â“Õ¬“°®–¡’„®„  „Àâ‡√“π÷°∂÷߇√◊ËÕß„ Ê ¢Õß„ Ê ∫ÿ§§≈„ Ê ∫ÿ§§≈Õ—π‡≈‘»Õ¬à“ßæ√– —¡¡“ —¡æÿ∑∏‡®â“ À≈«ßªŸÉ«—¥ª“°πÈ”œ ‡ªìπμâπ ∂â“π÷°∂÷ߢÕß„ Ê ‡™àπ ¥«ß·°â«À√◊Õæ√–·°â«„ ‡Õ“‰«â„π°≈“ß°“¬ „®‡√“°Á®–‡ªìπ°ÿ»≈μ“¡‰ª¥â«¬ ∑ÿ°Õ¬à“ß®÷ß·≈â«·μà‡√“ ‡æ√“–„®‡ªìπ∏“μÿ ”‡√Á® 5 情¿“§¡ 255086
  • 84. 87
  • 85. ‰¡à¢¬“¬§«“¡∑ÿ°¢å ‡√“®–‡ÀÁπ‰¥â«à“ §«“¡∑ÿ°¢åÕ¬Ÿà°—∫‡√“‡æ’¬ß™—Ë«§√“« ∂Ⓡ√“‡¢â“„® ‰¡à¢¬“¬§«“¡∑ÿ°¢å ∑”‡ªìπ≈◊¡Ê ‡À¡◊Õπ‰¡à‡§¬‡®Õ§«“¡∑ÿ°¢å À¬ÿ¥„®π‘ËßÊ ‰ª°àÕπ ·¡â¬—ß√ÿ°‰ª¢â“ßÀπⓉ¡à‰¥â °Á„Àâ√—°…“∑’Ë¡—Ëπ‡Õ“‰«â √—°…“∑’Ë¡—Ëπ¢Õß„®„Àâ¡—Ëπ§ß 29 ¡’π“§¡ 254688
  • 86. 89
  • 87. ∑”μ—«„Àâ ∫“¬ ∑”„®„Àâ ß∫ Õ¬à“§‘¥«à“‡√“‡ªìπºŸâ¡’§«“¡∑ÿ°¢å∑√¡“π ·μà‡æ’¬ßºŸâ‡¥’¬«„π‚≈°‡∑à“π—Èπ „Àâ‡√“§‘¥∂÷ß·μà ‘Ëߥ’Ê  ‘Ëß∑’ˉ¡à¥’„Àâ≈◊¡‰ª‡ ’¬ ‡æ’¬ß·§à∑”μ—«„Àâ ∫“¬ ∑”„®„Àâ ß∫  àß„®ºà“π‡¢â“‰ª„π°≈“ß°“¬ ¡Õߺà“π· ß «à“ß¿“¬„π ·≈⫇√“°Á®–æ∫∑“ßÕÕ° ∑”„ÀâÀ≈ÿ¥®“°§«“¡‡»√â“ √âÕ¬ ´÷¡ ‡´Áß ‡§√’¬¥ ‡∫◊ËÕ °≈ÿâ¡ ÀßÕ¬‡Àß“ μà“ßÊ 5 °√°Æ“§¡ 254790
  • 88. 91
  • 89. ‡√‘Ë¡®“°„®∑’Ë ß∫ «‘∏’æ◊Èπ∞“π„π°“√·°âªí≠À“§◊Õ °àÕπ∑’ˇ√“®–∑” ‘Ëß„¥°Áμ“¡ „Àâ∑”„® ß∫π‘Ëß ‰¡àμ’‚æ¬μ’擬 μ’μπ μ’μ—«‰ª°àÕπ‰¢â „Àâ¬Õ¡√—∫ ¿“æ«à“‡√“¡’«‘∫“°°√√¡ ·≈â«„®®– ß∫ æÕ ß∫·≈â«°Á®–æ∫∑“ßÕÕ° ®–‡°‘¥¥«ßªí≠≠“„π°“√·°â‰¢ªí≠À“Õ¬à“ß∂Ÿ°À≈—°«‘™™“ ‰¡àºŸ°‡«√°—π ¡’·μ৫“¡ª≈Õ¥‚ª√àß ∫“¬„® 28 °—𬓬π 254692
  • 90. 93
  • 91. 94
  • 92. ¿Ÿ¡‘§ÿâ¡°—π¢Õß„®§π∑’ˉ¡à‰¥â∑” ¡“∏‘„®®–øÿÑß´à“π ®‘μÕàÕπ°”≈—߇ªî¥‚Õ°“ „À⧫“¡‡»√ⓧ«“¡‡´Áß §«“¡‡§√’¬¥§«“¡‡∫◊ËÕ §«“¡°≈ÿâ¡·≈–§«“¡∑ÿ°¢åμà“ßʇ¢â“¡“√ÿ¡‡√Ⓣ¥âßà“¬‡æ√“–‰¡à¡’¿Ÿ¡‘§ÿâ¡°—π∑’Ë®–ªÑÕß°—π®‘μ„®„Àâæâπ®“°§«“¡∑ÿ°¢å„π™’«‘μª√–®”«—π‰¥â 6 惻®‘°“¬π 2549 95
  • 93. 96
  • 94. ®—¥√–∫∫„®∂â“„®¬—ß —∫ πÕ¬Ÿà°Á¬—߉¡àæ√âÕ¡∑’Ë®–√—∫¿“√°‘®Õ–‰√®–‡√’¬πÀπ—ß ◊Õ ÕπÀπ—ß ◊Õ ∑”¡“À“°‘πÀ√◊Õ∑”Õ–‰√°Á‰¡à‰¥â¥’∂â“„®¬—߉¡à¡’√–∫∫√–‡∫’¬∫¬—߉¡à§«√∑”Õ–‰√∑—Èß ‘Èπ‡¡◊ËÕ„¥∑’ˇ√“®—¥√–∫∫√–‡∫’¬∫§«“¡§‘¥‰¥â·≈â«∑”„®„ÀâÀ¬ÿ¥π‘Ë߉¥â·≈⫇√“®÷ߧàÕ¬√‘‡√‘Ë¡∑” ‘Ëßμà“ßÊ μàÕ‰ª 8 ¡‘∂ÿπ“¬π 2550 97
  • 95. ∑”π‘ËßÊ ‡©¬Ê ∂⓬—ߧ‘¥Õ–‰√‰¡àÕÕ° „ÀâÕÕ°®“°§«“¡§‘¥ ∑”®‘μ„Àâ ß∫ ·≈⫇√“®–æ∫∑“ßÕÕ° æ∫§”μÕ∫¥â«¬°“√∑”„® ßà“¬Ê  ∫“¬Ê ‰¡à§‘¥«à“ ¬“°≈”∫“° ∑”π‘ËßÊ ‡©¬Ê ·≈â«¥«ßªí≠≠“∑’ËÕ¬Ÿà¿“¬„π °Á®–‰¥â‚Õ°“ ∑”ß“π æ√âÕ¡°—∫°”≈—ß„®∑’ˇ°‘¥¢÷Èπ 8 °√°Æ“§¡ 255098
  • 96. 99
  • 97. 100
  • 98. °”≈—ß¿“¬„π‡√“¡’°”≈—ß¿“¬„π´àÕπ‡√âπÕ¬ŸàÕ’°¡“°·μà«à“‡√“®–π”ÕÕ°¡“„™â‰¥â‡¡◊ËÕ„® ß∫ ‡æ√“–©–π—Èπ‰¡à«à“∑ÿ°¢åÕ–‰√®–‡°‘¥¢÷ÈπÕ¬à“„Àâ Ÿ≠‡ ’¬§«“¡ ß∫„À⬑ȡ‡¢â“‰«â...·≈â«®–æ∫∑“ßÕÕ° 28 °ÿ¡¿“æ—π∏å 2549 101
  • 99. „® ß∫æ∫§«“¡ «à“ß ‡¡◊ËÕ‡√“∑”μ—«„ÀâºàÕπ§≈“¬ ∫“¬Ê ∑”„®„Àâ ß∫ ‡√“°Á®–æ∫§«“¡ «à“ß¿“¬„π æ∫»Ÿπ¬å°≈“ß°“¬102
  • 100. ‡√“ “¡“√∂„™â‡ âπ∑“ßπ’ȇæ◊ËÕÕÕ°®“°§«“¡∑ÿ°¢å∑√¡“π¥â«¬μ—«¢Õ߇√“‡Õß 10 °√°Æ“§¡ 2545 103
  • 101. 104
  • 102.  ‘ËßÀπ÷Ëß∑’ˬ—߇À≈◊ÕÕ¬Ÿà·¡â‡√“μâÕß Ÿ≠‡ ’¬∑ÿ° ‘Ëß·μଗߡ’Õ’° ‘ËßÀπ÷Ëß∑’ˇÀ≈◊ÕÕ¬Ÿàπ—Ëπ§◊Õ≈¡À“¬„®°—∫»Ÿπ¬å°≈“ß°“¬∞“π∑’Ë 7‡√“§«√‡√‘Ë¡μâπ®“°μ√ßπ’ÈæÕ„®À¬ÿ¥π‘ß ß∫ ¥«ßªí≠≠“ Ë·≈–°”≈—ß„®°Á®–‡°‘¥¢÷Èπ™à«¬§≈’˧≈“¬ªí≠À“μà“ßÊ·¡â∑√—æ¬å¿“¬πÕ°À¡¥‰ª‡√“°ÁÀ“„À¡à‰¥â∂â“À“°‡√“¬—ß¡’∑√—æ¬å¿“¬„π„Àâ∑”„®„ Ê ‡¥’ά« ¡∫—μ‘„À≠à®–‰À≈¡“‡∑¡“ 24 惻®‘°“¬π 2549 105
  • 103. ¿“¬πÕ°‡§≈◊ËÕπ‰À« ¿“¬„πÀ¬ÿ¥π‘Ëß °“√ß“π∑“ß‚≈°π—Èπ‡ªìπ‡æ’¬ßß“πÕ¥‘‡√° ∑’ˇ√“ “¡“√∂∑”§«∫§Ÿà‰ª°—∫ß“π∑“ß∏√√¡‰¥â §◊Õ°“√À¬ÿ¥„®π‘ËßÕ¬Ÿà„π°≈“ß°“¬ ¿“¬πÕ°°Á‡§≈◊ËÕπ‰À« ∑”¿“√°‘®À√◊Õ°‘®°√√¡ ‰¡à«à“®–»÷°…“‡≈à“‡√’¬π §√Õ߇√◊Õπ ∑”¡“À“°‘π §â“¢“¬ À√◊Õ ‘Ëß„¥°Áμ“¡ ‡√“ “¡“√∂§«∫§ÿ¡„® „ÀâÕ¬Ÿà‡Àπ◊Õ ‘Ëß·«¥≈âÕ¡·≈– ∂“π°“√≥å∑’Ëæ≈‘°º—π ‡æ◊ËÕ‰¡à„Àâ„®¢Õ߇√“‡ªìπ∑ÿ°¢å ·≈–‡ªìπª√–¥ÿ®®ÿ¥‡¬Áπ∑’ËÕ¬Ÿà°≈“߇μ“À≈Õ¡ 4 ¡‘∂ÿπ“¬π 2550106
  • 104. 107
  • 105. ‡Àπ◊Õ ‘Ëß·«¥≈âÕ¡ ‡¡◊ËÕ‡√“√–≈÷°π÷°∂÷ßæ√–√—μπμ√—¬¿“¬„π ∑à“π®–§ÿ⡧√Õ߇√“ ¬°‡«âπ‡√“¡’«‘∫“°°√√¡¢â“¡™“μ‘¡“ ∂÷ß°√–π—Èπ‡√“°Á®–æ√âÕ¡‡ ¡Õ ‰¡à«à“Õ–‰√®–‡°‘¥¢÷Èπ ·¡â§«“¡μ“¬‰¡à¡’π‘¡‘μÀ¡“¬ ‡√“®–Õ¬Ÿà‡Àπ◊Õ§«“¡°≈—«μ“¬ ‰¡àÀ«—Ëπ«à“®–쓬¥â«¬Õ–‰√ ∑’ˉÀπ ‡¡◊ËÕ‰√ ‡æ’¬ß∑”„®À¬ÿ¥π‘Ëß®π‡¢â“∂÷ß ¿“«∏√√¡¿“¬„π‰¥â ·≈⫇√“®–¡’§«“¡ ÿ¢ ¡’§«“¡√—° ·≈–§«“¡ª√“√∂π“¥’ ∑’ˬ‘Ëß„À≠àμàÕ‡æ◊ËÕπ¡πÿ…¬å‡Àπ◊Õ ‘Ëß·«¥≈âÕ¡√Õ∫μ—«  ‘Ëß·«¥≈âÕ¡®–‰¡à¡’Õ‘∑∏‘æ≈μàÕ„® ¢ÕߺŸâ∑’ˇ¢â“∂÷ßæ√–√—μπμ√—¬¿“¬„πμ—«·≈â« 22 ¡‘∂ÿπ“¬π 2550108
  • 106. 109
  • 107. μ—Èßμâπ™’«‘μ„À¡à ∑’Ë°≈“ß°“¬ °≈“ß°“¬¢Õ߇√“‡ªìπ‡À¡◊Õπ ÀâÕß ¡ÿ¥„À≠à∑’ˉ¡à¡’¢Õ∫‡¢μ  “¡“√∂μÕ∫§”∂“¡‡√“‰¥â ‡ª≈’ˬπ·ª≈ß™’«‘쉥â ∑”„Àâ ‡√“¥”‡π‘π™’«‘μÕ¬à“ß∂Ÿ°μâÕß ·≈–¡’æ≈—ß„®Õ¬à“߇À≈◊Õ‡øóÕ „π°“√ √â“ß∫“√¡’ ∑—Èß∑”¥â«¬μπ‡Õß ·≈– ™—°™«πºŸÕπ °“√∑’‡Ë √“ “¡“√∂ â ◊Ë μ—Èß„®‰«â∑’Ë°≈“ß°“¬‰¥â ®÷߇√’¬°«à“ çμ—Èßμâπ™’«‘μ„À¡àé ‡√“®–√Ÿâ®—°μ√ßπ’ȉ¥â°ÁμàÕ‡¡◊ËÕ ¡’ª√– ∫°“√≥å¿“¬„π §◊Õ„®À¬ÿ¥π‘Ëß·≈⫇∑à“π—Èπ 24 °√°Æ“§¡ 2548110
  • 108. 111
  • 109. À—«„®º≈‘∫“π °“√ªØ‘∫—μ‘∏√√¡ ®–™à«¬„Àâ‡√“Õ¬Ÿà°—∫§π ∑’ˬ—ß¡’°‘‡≈ Àπ“ªí≠≠“À¬“∫‰¥â Õ¬à“ß¡’§«“¡ ÿ¢¿“¬„π...¡’„®μ—Èß¡—Ëπ ‡√“®–¡Õ߇ÀÁπ ‘Ëß·«¥≈âÕ¡√Õ∫μ—«·μ°μà“߉ª®“°‡¥‘¡ ∑—ÈßÊ ∑’Ë ‘Ë߇À≈à“π—Èπ°Á¬—߇À¡◊Õπ‡¥‘¡ ‡ªìπ‡æ√“–„®¢Õ߇√“‰¥â‡ª≈’ˬπ·ª≈߉ª·≈â« ®“°∑’ˉ¡àμ—Èß¡—Ëπ °Á∑”„®„ÀâÕ¬Ÿà¿“¬„πÕ¬à“ß¡—Ëπ§ß ·≈â«„®®–¢¬“¬°«â“ß ‡√“®–¡Õß§π  —μ«å  ‘ËߢÕßμà“ßÊ ¥â«¬§«“¡ ¥™◊Ëπ‡∫‘°∫“π°«à“∑ÿ°Ê «—π ®–¡’√Õ¬¬‘È¡ª√“°Ø∫π„∫ÀπⓇªìπª°μ‘μ“¡∏√√¡™“μ‘ ‡À¡◊Õπ¥Õ°‰¡â∑’˺≈‘∫“π ‡æ√“–πÈ”‡≈’Ȭߥհ‰¡âÕ—π ¥„  ‡™àπ‡¥’¬«°—∫À—«„®¢Õ߇√“∑’˺≈‘∫“π ‡æ√“–πÈ”‡≈’ȬßÀ—«„®Õ—π ¥™◊Ëπ ∑’ˇ°‘¥¢÷Èπ‰¥â‡¡◊ËÕ„®À¬ÿ¥π‘Ëß 11 ∏—𫓧¡ 2548112
  • 110. 113
  • 111. Õ¬Ÿà‡¬Á𠇪ìπ ÿ¢ ‡¡◊ËÕ„®‡ªìπ ¡“∏‘Õ¬Ÿà°≈“ß°“¬·≈â« ‡√“¬àÕ¡Õ¬Ÿà‡¬Áπ·≈–‡ªìπ ÿ¢ §◊Õ‡¬Á𰓬‡¬Áπ„®Õ¬Ÿà¿“¬„π °“√Ωñ°‡™àππ’È®–∑”„Àâ‡√“‡ªìπ ÿ¢ ∑—ÈßÀ≈—∫∑—Èßμ◊Ëπ À≈—∫°Áßà“¬ ‰¡àΩíπ√⓬À√◊Õ‰¡àΩíπ‡≈¬ ∂â“Ωíπ°Á®–Ωíπ‡√◊ËÕߥ’Ê ¡’ ‘√‘¡ß§≈ ¬“¡„¥∑’Ëμ◊Ëπ¢÷Èπ¡“°Á‡À¡◊Õπ°—∫‡√“ ÕÕ°¡“®“°·À≈àß·Ààߧ«“¡∫√‘ ÿ∑∏‘Ï ·À≈àß·Ààߧ«“¡ ÿ¢Õ—π‰¡à¡’ª√–¡“≥ ·À≈àß·Ààߥ«ßªí≠≠“∑’ˉ¡à¡’¢Õ∫‡¢μ ·≈–·À≈àß·Ààß°”≈—ß„®∑’ˉ¡à ‘Èπ ÿ¥  ‘Ë߇À≈à“π’È®–‡°‘¥¢÷Èπ æ√âÕ¡°—∫°“√∑’ˇ√“≈◊¡μ“μ◊Ëπ¢÷Èπ¡“ 11 ∏—𫓧¡ 2548114
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  • 113. À¬ÿ¥‡ªìπμ—« ”‡√Á® ∫“ߧ√—È߇√“μâÕß Ÿ≠‡ ’¬‡«≈“ ·≈–Õ“√¡≥å ‰ª°—∫ªí≠À“·≈– ·√ß°¥¥—π ´÷Ë߇ªìπ ‘Ëß∑’ˉ¡à§àÕ¬ ®–§ÿâ¡§à“ ‰¡à¡’Õ–‰√¥’·≈–§ÿâ¡§à“ ‰ª°«à“°“√∑”„®À¬ÿ¥π‘Ë߇©¬ ‡æ√“–À¬ÿ¥‡ªìπμ—« ”‡√Á® ®–∑”„Àâ‡√“ ¡À«—ß„π™’«‘μ æ∫°—∫§«“¡æ÷ßæÕ„®Õ—π Ÿß ÿ¥ ‡¢â“∂÷ߧ«“¡ ÿ¢∑’Ë·∑â®√‘ß §«“¡∫√‘ ÿ∑∏‘Ï Õ“πÿ¿“æ ªí≠≠“ ¡À“°√ÿ≥“ §«“¡√—° ·≈–§«“¡ª√“√∂π“¥’ μàÕ √√æ —μ«å∑—ÈßÀ≈“¬ ‚¥¬‰¡à®”°—¥‡™◊ÈÕ™“μ‘ »“ π“ ·≈–‡ºà“æ—π∏ÿå 8 °√°Æ“§¡ 2550116
  • 114. 117
  • 115. ·ºà¢¬“¬§«“¡ ÿ¢ ‡¡◊ËÕ‡¢â“∂÷ߧ«“¡ ÿ¢®“° ¡“∏‘·≈â« ‡√“®–¡’§«“¡‡∫‘°∫“π ™ÿà¡™◊Ëπ ·ºà¢¬“¬®“°„®‰ª Ÿà√–∫∫ª√– “∑°≈â“¡‡π◊ÈÕ ∑”„À⺟ℰ≈♑¥∑—Èß„π∫â“π·≈–πÕ°∫â“π ‡ÀÁ𧫓¡·μ°μà“ß Õ¬“°®–‡¢â“„°≈â‡√“ ‡æ√“–∑”„Àâæ«°‡¢“æ≈Õ¬¡’§«“¡ ÿ¢‰ª¥â«¬ °√–· ®“°„®‡√“®–™à«¬§≈’˧≈“¬§«“¡‡§√’¬¥ ·≈–¡≈∑‘π„π¥«ß„®¢Õß∑ÿ°§π  ‘Ëß·«¥≈âÕ¡°Á®–∫√‘ ÿ∑∏‘χæ‘Ë¡¢÷Èπ Õ’°∑—Èߙ૬≈¥§«“¡¢—¥·¬âß ´÷Ëß·¡â®–¬—ß¡’Õ¬Ÿà °ÁÕ¬Ÿà„π√–¥—∫∑’Ë∑”ß“π√à«¡°—π‰¥â  “¡“√∂‰ª∂÷ß®ÿ¥À¡“¬ª≈“¬∑“ß√à«¡°—π‰¥â 11 ∏—𫓧¡ 2548118
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  • 117. §«“¡ ÿ¢«‘Ëß¡“À“ ‡√“μâÕß∑” ¡“∏‘‡æ◊ËÕ„À⇢â“∂÷ߧ«“¡ ÿ¢∑’Ë·∑â®√‘ß¿“¬„π ´÷Ëß®–‡°‘¥¢÷Èπ‰¥â μàÕ‡¡◊ËÕ‡√“π”„®°≈—∫¡“Õ¬Ÿà°—∫‡π◊ÈÕ°—∫μ—« æÕ„®À¬ÿ¥π‘Ë߉¥â §«“¡ ÿ¢°Á®–«‘Ëß¡“À“‡√“ ‰¡à„™à‡√“«‘Ë߉ªÀ“§«“¡ ÿ¢ ‡¡◊ËÕ„®μ—Èß¡—Ëπ·≈â«®–§‘¥ 查 ∑”Õ–‰√ °Á¥’‰ªÀ¡¥ º≈§◊Õ...™’«‘μ¡’§«“¡ ÿ¢ ¡’§«“¡ ”‡√Á® ‡√“®–‰¡à√Ÿâ ÷°«à“¡’Õ–‰√‡ªìπªí≠À“À√◊ÕÕÿª √√§¢Õß™’«‘μ‡≈¬ ®–≈¥§«“¡¢—¥·¬âß¿“¬„πμ—«‡Õß °—∫ ¡“™‘°¿“¬„π∫â“π·≈–§ππÕ°∫â“π ¡’æ≈—ß„®∑’Ë®–≈–§«“¡™—Ë« §«“¡ “¡“√∂Õ¥∑πÕ¥°≈—Èπ μàÕ°“√∑”™—Ë«®–‡°‘¥¢÷Èπ¡“‡Õߥ⫬§«“¡ ¡—§√„® ‰¡à¡’§«“¡√Ÿâ ÷°«à“μâÕßΩóπÀ√◊ÕμâÕß欓¬“¡ „π°“√≈–‡«â𧫓¡™—Ë«·μàÕ¬à“ß„¥ ‡æ√“–¡’™’«‘μÕ¬Ÿà∫πæ◊Èπ∞“π¢Õߧ«“¡ ÿ¢ 26 °—𬓬π 2549120
  • 118. 121
  • 119. ¥«ßμ–«—π¿“¬„𠥫ßμ–«—π¿“¬„π®–¢÷Èπ‰¥â‡¡◊ËÕ‡√“À¬ÿ¥„®π‘Ëß ‡ªìπ¥«ß «à“߉ «...∑—Èß°≈“ß«—π·≈–°≈“ߧ◊𠥫ßμ–«—π¿“¬πÕ°π—Èπ «à“ß·§à§√÷Ëß«—π À≈—ß®“°π—Èπ°Á≈“≈—∫‰ª ·μà∂Ⓡ√“‡¢â“∂÷ߥ«ßμ–«—π¿“¬„π ™’«‘μ‡√“®–‰¡àæ∫°—∫§«“¡¡◊¥‡≈¬ ‰¡à«à“®–‡º™‘≠°—∫ ∂“π°“√≥å„¥ ·¡â‡√“‰¡àÕ“®‡ª≈’ˬπ·ª≈ß ∂“π°“√≥åπ—È𠉥âμ“¡„®ª√“√∂π“ ·μà‡√“°Á “¡“√∂Õ¬Ÿà‡Àπ◊Õ ∂“π°“√≥åπ—Èπ‰¥â ‡¡◊ËÕ„®‡√“‡™◊ËÕ¡Õ¬Ÿà°—∫§«“¡ ÿ¢®“°¥«ß∏√√¡¿“¬„π 23 ¡‘∂ÿπ“¬π 2550122
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  • 121. ‡æ‘Ë¡æŸπ°”≈—ß„® ∫“ߧ√—Èß®‘μ„®‡√“°Á‡øóòÕßøŸ ∫“ߧ√—Èß°ÁΩÉÕ·ø∫ ‡æ√“–¬—ß¡’°‘‡≈ Õ“ «–À¡—°¥ÕßÕ¬Ÿà„π„® ®÷ß¡’§«“¡®”‡ªìπμâÕ߇¢â“„°≈â§√Ÿ∫“Õ“®“√¬å ‡¢â“„°≈âÀ¡Ÿà§≥–π—° √â“ß∫“√¡’ „π¬“¡∑’Ë√Ÿâ ÷°∑âÕ∂Õ¬ ‡¡◊ËÕ‰¥âøíß‚Õ«“∑®“°æ√–Õ“®“√¬å À√◊Õ‡ÀÁ𧫓¡æ√âÕ¡‡æ√’¬ß¢ÕßÀ¡Ÿà§≥– ‡ÀÁπ‡æ◊ËÕπ À∏√√¡‘°μ—Èß„®∑”§«“¡‡æ’¬√„π∏√√¡ªØ‘∫—μ‘ ‡æ◊ËÕ≈–°‘‡≈ Õ“ «– ∑’Ë·¡â¬—ß¡’Õ¬Ÿà ·μà°Á∑”„Àâ‡√“¡’°”≈—ß„® Ÿß àß„π°“√ªØ‘∫—μ‘∏√√¡μàÕ‰ª ‡æ◊ËÕ¢®—¥°‘‡≈ Õ“ «–π—Èπ„Àâ®ß‰¥â 1  ‘ßÀ“§¡ 2547124
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  • 124. ÕÕ°°”≈—ß°“¬ ÕÕ°°”≈—ß„®‡√“¡’ ‘∑∏‘χ¢â“∂÷ß∏√√¡‰¥â∑ÿ°«—π∂Ⓡ√“∑” °Á‡¢â“∂÷ß ∂Ⓡ√“‰¡à∑” °Á‡¢â“‰¡à∂÷ߢ÷ÈπÕ¬Ÿà°—∫«à“∑”À√◊Õ‰¡à∑”‡∑à“π—Èπ‡Õß ¢¬—πÀ√◊Õ¢’ȇ°’¬®Õ¬à“‡∑’ˬ«‰ª¢Õ°”≈—ß„®®“°„§√μàÕ„§√‡≈¬°”≈—ß„®¡’Õ¬Ÿà·≈â«„πμ—«‡√“Õ¬à“ß¡“°¡“¬¡À“»“≈¢Õ‡æ’¬ß„Àâ‡∫‘°ÕÕ°¡“„™â ‰¡àμâÕߪ√–À¬—¥¬‘Ëß„™â ¬‘Ëß¡’ ¬‘Ëß¡“° ´÷Ë߇ªìπ‡√◊ËÕß·ª≈°‡À¡◊Õπ°”≈—ß°“¬ ∂â“πÕπÕ¬Ÿà‡©¬Ê °Á‰¡à¡’μâÕßÕÕ°·√ß ÕÕ°°”≈—ß ·≈⫇√“®–‰¥â°”≈—ߧ◊Õ°”≈—ß°“¬„®°Á‡™àπ‡¥’¬«°—π μâÕßΩñ°ΩπÕÕ°°”≈—ß®÷ß®–‰¥â°”≈—ß„® 14 °√°Æ“§¡ 2546 127
  • 125. °”≈—ß„®Õ—π Ÿß àß °“√ªØ‘∫—μ‘∏√√¡®–∑”„Àâ¡’°”≈—ß„®Õ—π Ÿß àß „π°“√μàÕ Ÿâ°—∫Õÿª √√§π“π—ª°“√ ‚¥¬‰¡àÀ«—Ëπ‰À«μàÕ ‘Ëß„¥Ê °”≈—ß„®®–‡°‘¥¢÷Èπ‡Õß‚¥¬‰¡àμâÕß √â“ß ‡ªìπæ≈—ß¿“¬„π ∑”„Àâ°≈â“μàÕ Ÿâ‚¥¬‰¡à§‘¥«à“¡’Õ–‰√‡ªìπÕÿª √√§ §‘¥‡æ’¬ß«à“Õÿª √√§¡’‰«â„Àâ¢â“¡ ¡ÿà߉ª∑’ˇªÑ“À¡“¬‡æ’¬ßÕ¬à“߇¥’¬« ‚¥¬‰¡à§”π÷ß∂÷ßÕÿª √√§‡≈¬ ºŸâ∑’Ë¡’°”≈—ß„® Ÿß àß ®–§‘¥Õ¬à“ßπ’È ·≈â«®–¡’Õ“πÿ¿“æ ∑’ˇ°‘¥®“°æÿ∑∏§ÿ≥§Õ¬§ÿ⡧√ÕߪÑÕß°—π¿—¬ „Àâ “¡“√∂‡Õ“™π–Õÿª √√§¢«“°Àπ“¡μà“ßÊ ‰¥â‚¥¬‰¡à¬“°π—° 28 °ÿ¡¿“æ—π∏å 2548128
  • 126. 129
  • 127. ¿“«π“...Õ“À“√∑“ß„® ‡√“μâÕß Õπμ—«‡Õß „À⇮√‘≠ ¡“∏‘¿“«π“Õ¬Ÿà‡ ¡ÕÊ ¢“¥‰¡à‰¥â‡≈¬ ‡À¡◊ÕπÕ“°“»...∑’ËμâÕßÀ“¬„®‡¢â“ÕÕ°∑ÿ°«—π ‡À¡◊ÕπÕ“À“√...∑’ËμâÕß√—∫ª√–∑“π∑ÿ°«—π ·μàπ’ˇªìπÕ“À“√∑“ß„® ‡ªìπ ‘Ëß∑’Ë®– √â“ß¿Ÿ¡‘§ÿâ¡°—π„Àâ°—∫μ—«¢Õ߇√“‡Õß ‡ªìπ¿Ÿ¡‘§ÿâ¡°—π¿“¬„π„® ‡√“®–‡ªìπºŸâ∑’Ë¡’§«“¡ ÿ¢„π∑ÿ°Àπ∑ÿ°·Ààß ¡’√Õ¬¬‘È¡ª√“°Ø∫π„∫Àπâ“ ‰¡à«à“®–Õ¬Ÿà¿“¬„μâ ∂“π°“√≥å„¥ ‡√“®–‰¡à Ÿ≠‡ ’¬§«“¡ ß∫ ÿ¢¢Õß„®‡≈¬ 10 情¿“§¡ 2549130
  • 128. 131
  • 129. ªØ‘∫—μ‘∏√√¡ ¡Ë”‡ ¡Õ ·¡â«à“®–‡®Á∫ªÉ«¬ πÕπ¥÷° ß“π≈âπ À√◊Õ¡’‡√◊ËÕß°≈ÿâ¡„®°Áμ“¡ ‡√“μâÕß¡’‡«≈“À≈—∫μ“∑” ¡“∏‘ ∂â“ßà«ß°Á„ÀâÀ≈—∫ ‡¡◊ËÕ¬°Á¢¬—∫ øÿÑß°Á„Àâ≈◊¡μ“ ªí≠À“¡’‡√“°Á·°â°—π‰ª ªØ‘∫—μ‘∏√√¡°—πμàÕ‰ª ‡æ√“–∑”·≈â«...‡√“®–æ∫∑“ßÕÕ° ¢Õ„Àâ∑”Õ¬à“ß ¡Ë”‡ ¡Õ‡∑à“π—Èπ 25 °√°Æ“§¡ 2549132
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  • 131. ®—¥√–‡∫’¬∫„® ¥â«¬ ¡“∏‘ ∂Ⓡ√“π—Ëß ¡“∏‘∑ÿ°«—π „®¢Õ߇√“®–§ÿâπ‡§¬°—∫»Ÿπ¬å°≈“ß°“¬ §ÿâπ‡§¬°—∫°“√À¬ÿ¥π‘Ëß §«“¡≈–‡Õ’¬¥¢Õß„®®–‡æ‘Ë¡¢÷Èπ ™à«¬ª√—∫ª√ÿߧ«“¡§‘¥ §”查 ·≈–°“√°√–∑” „Àâ¡’√–∫∫ ¡’√–‡∫’¬∫ ¡’ª√– ‘∑∏‘¿“æ ∑”„Àâ‡√“§‘¥¥’ 查¥’ ·≈–∑”¥’ ·¡â®–¡’ ‘Ë߇√â“„® ¬—Ë«¬«πμ“¡°√–· ‚≈°¡“®“°∑ÿ°∑‘»∑ÿ°∑“ß ºà“π ◊ËÕμà“ßÊ ™«π„Àâ„®¢Õ߇√“μ°μË” ·μà‡√“°Á®– “¡“√∂√—°…“„®„À⇢⡷¢Á߇Փ‰«â‰¥â 10 情¿“§¡ 2549134
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  • 133. æ≈—ß®“°°“√À¬ÿ¥π‘Ëß º≈®“°°“√ªØ‘∫—μ‘∏√√¡Õ¬à“ß ¡Ë”‡ ¡Õπ—Èπ ®–™à«¬„Àâ‡√“¡’°”≈—ß„® ‡Õ“™π–Õÿª √√§·≈– ‘Ë߬—Ë«‡¬â“‰¥â ®– “¡“√∂™π–„®μπ‰¥â ™π– ‘Ë߇À≈à“π—Èπ‰¥â ‡æ√“–„®‡√“¡’æ≈—ß®“°°“√À¬ÿ¥π‘Ëß∑ÿ°Ê «—π ‰¡à¢“¥‡≈¬·¡â·μà‡æ’¬ß«—π‡¥’¬« π’ȇªìπ ‘Ëß∑’Ë∑ÿ°§πæ÷ß®”‡Õ“‰«â 10 情¿“§¡ 2549136
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  • 136. ºŸâ°≈â“∑’Ë·∑â®√‘ߺŸâ™π– ß§√“¡¿“¬„π‰¥â®÷ß®–‰¥â™◊ËÕ«à“‡ªìπºŸâ°≈â“∑’Ë·∑â®√‘ß ¡√¿Ÿ¡‘√∫∑’Ë·∑â®√‘ßπ—ÈπÕ¬Ÿ¿“¬„πμ—«‡√“ à‰¡à‰¥âÕ¬ŸàπÕ°μ—«‡≈¬‡√“μâÕß√∫°—∫§«“¡‚≈¿§«“¡‚°√∏ ·≈–§«“¡À≈ß´÷Ë߇ªì𠓇Àμÿ·Ààߪí≠À“∑—Èß¡«≈∑”„Àâμ—«‡√“·≈–‚≈°„∫π’È¡’·μ৫“¡∑ÿ°¢å∑√¡“πμàÕ‡¡◊ËÕ‡√“À¬ÿ¥„®‰¥â‚≈°π’È®÷ß®–‡°‘¥ —πμ‘ ÿ¢·≈⫇√“®–‰¥â™◊ËÕ«à“...‡ªìπºŸâ™π–∑’Ë·∑â®√‘ß 4  ‘ßÀ“§¡ 2549 139
  • 137. ¬Õ¡‡æ◊ËÕ™π– ∂â“À“°«à“‡√“¬Õ¡°—πÀπàÕ¬ °Á®–‰¡à¡’ªí≠À“Õ–‰√ §◊Õ¬Õ¡™π–„®°—π Õ“®¥Ÿ§≈⓬°—∫«à“‡√“¬Õ¡·æ⠇撬߷§à¬Õ¡¬‘È¡ ¬Õ¡À¬ÿ¥ ¬Õ¡‡¬Áπ ¬Õ¡¬◊¥À¬ÿàπ À√◊Õ¬‘π¬Õ¡‡∑à“π—Èπ‡Õß Õ¬à“ßπ’ȇ√’¬°«à“¬Õ¡™π– ‰¡à„™à¬Õ¡·æâ ‡¢“‡√’¬°«à“ ¬Õ¡™π– ™π–Õ–‰√? ™π–„®°—ππ—Ëπ‡Õß æÕ™π–„®°—π‰¥â·≈â« ‡√◊ËÕßÕ◊Ëπ°Á‡ªìπ‡√◊ËÕ߇≈Á° 3 ‡¡…“¬π 2549140
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  • 139. ™π–„® À“°‡√“Õ¥∑π „ÀâÕ¿—¬ ·≈–∑”·μ৫“¡¥’ °Á®– “¡“√∂™π–„®‡¢“‰¥â„π∑’Ë ÿ¥ ‡ªìπ«‘∏’°“√∑’Ë∂Ÿ°μâÕß∑’‡¥’¬« ‡À¡◊Õπ·°àπ®—π∑πå...μÕ∫·∑π§¡¢«“π¥â«¬§«“¡ÀÕ¡ ‡¡◊ËÕ¢«“πøíπ‰ª∑’Ë·°àπ®—π∑πå®π¢“¥°√–‡¥Á𠧫“¡ÀÕ¡°≈—∫μ‘¥¢«“ππ—Èπ¡“ ·¡â„§√®–√⓬°—∫‡√“°Á„Àâ‡√“∑”·μ৫“¡¥’μÕ∫·∑π „π∑’Ë ÿ¥°Á‡ªìπ™—¬™π–Õ¬à“ß∂“«√·≈–¬—Ë߬◊π §◊Õ™π–„®°—π ‡¡◊ËÕ™π–„®·≈⫇√“°Á®–‰¥â∑ÿ° ‘Ëß∑ÿ°Õ¬à“ß §◊Õ‰¥â§«“¡√—°·≈–§«“¡ª√“√∂π“¥’°≈—∫§◊π¡“ 22 ¡‘∂ÿπ“¬π 2549142
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  • 141.  —≠≈—°…≥å·Ààß™—¬™π– ¬“¡„¥∑’ˇ√“ÕàÕπ≈â“·≈–æ≈—ß„®∂¥∂Õ¬ „Àâ‡√“¡Õß¡“∑’ËÕπÿ √≥å ∂“π¡À“«‘À“√ ¢ÕßÀ≈«ßªŸÉ«—¥ª“°πÈ”œ À√◊Õ§ÿ≥¬“¬Õ“®“√¬åœ ‡æ√“–μ≈Õ¥™’«‘μ¢Õß∑à“𠧔«à“∑âÕ·∑â∑âÕ∂Õ¬‰¡à‡§¬¡’Õ¬Ÿà„π„®∑à“π‡≈¬ ∑à“π‡ªìπ¬Õ¥π—° Ÿâ·Ààß°Õß∑—æ∏√√¡ ºŸâ‰¡à§√—Ëπ§√â“¡μàÕÕÿª √√§Õ—π„¥ «‘À“√¢Õß∑à“π®÷߇ª√’¬∫‡ ¡◊Õπ —≠≈—°…≥å·Ààß™—¬™π– ∑’Ë„§√‡ÀÁπ·≈â«®–∫—߇°‘¥¡’°”≈—ß„®‡¬’ˬß∑à“π ‡°‘¥®‘μ ”π÷°¢Õßπ—°√∫°Õß∑—æ∏√√¡ ∑’ˉ¡àÀ«—Ëπ‰À«„π°“√ √â“ß∫“√¡’ §≈⓬°—∫‡∑«¥“ ‡¡◊ËÕ‰¥â‡ÀÁπ∏ß√∫ ¢Õßæ√–Õ‘π∑√å„π ¡√¿Ÿ¡‘·≈â« ¬àÕ¡‰¡àÀ«—Ëπ‰À«„π°“√μàÕ Ÿâ°—∫‡À≈à“Õ Ÿ√∑—ÈßÀ≈“¬ 9 惻®‘°“¬π 2546144
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  • 143. ‡ªÑ“À¡“¬™’«‘μ  ”À√—∫§ƒÀ— ∂åπ—Èπ  ‘Ëß∑’ËμâÕ߇√’¬π√Ÿâ°àÕπÕ—π¥—∫·√° §◊Õ‡√“‡°‘¥¡“‡æ◊ËÕ∑”æ√–π‘ææ“π„Àâ·®âß ‡¡◊ËÕ√Ÿâ‡ªÑ“À¡“¬Õ¬à“ßπ’È·≈â« °ÁμâÕß∑”ß“π∑“ß„®§«∫§Ÿà‰ª°—∫¿“√°‘®ª√–®”«—π §◊Õ‡»√…∞°‘®°—∫®‘μ„®‰ª¥â«¬°—π ‡¡◊ËÕμ◊ËππÕπ·≈â«°Á «¥¡πμå‰À«âæ√– ‡®√‘≠ ¡“∏‘¿“«π“∑”„®„Àâ ß∫ „Àâ„®¡’§«“¡æ√âÕ¡°àÕπÕÕ°‰ª∑”¡“À“°‘π °àÕπ‡º™‘≠ªí≠À“¢Õß™’«‘μ ‡¡◊ËÕ°≈—∫¡“∂÷ß∫â“π °àÕπ‡¢â“πÕπ„Àâ «¥¡πμå‰À«âæ√– ‡®√‘≠ ¡“∏‘¿“«π“ ‡æ◊ËÕ™”√–°“¬ «“®“ „® „Àâ –Õ“¥∫√‘ ÿ∑∏‘Ï  ≈“¬‡√◊ËÕß√“«À√◊Õ§«“¡‡§√’¬¥μà“ßÊ ∑’ˇ°‘¥¢÷Èπ„π·μà≈–«—π„ÀâÀ¡¥ ‘Èπ‰ª ·≈â«°ÁÀ≈—∫Õ¬à“߇ªìπ ÿ¢ 6 惻®‘°“¬π 2549146
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  • 145. Õ¬à“∑âÕ·∑â Õ¬à“∑âÕ∂Õ¬ ‡√“μâÕßÀ¡—ËπΩñ°ΩπÕ∫√¡„®‰«â‡√◊ËÕ¬Ê ∑”§«“¡‡æ’¬√‰ª Õ¬à“∑âÕ·∑â Õ¬à“∑âÕ∂Õ¬ Õ¬à“¢’ȇ°’¬® „ÀâΩñ°Ωπ∑ÿ°«—π Ωóπ∑”∫â“ß ·¢Áß„®∑”∫â“ß ®π°√–∑—Ë߇√“∑”¥â«¬§«“¡ ¡—§√„®·≈–‡μÁ¡„® ‡Õ“„®®√¥®àÕμ≈Õ¥‡«≈“∑ÿ°Õ‘√‘¬“∫∂ À¡—Ëπ —߇°μ¥Ÿ«à“∑”∂Ÿ°«‘∏’À√◊Õ‰¡à ·≈â«°Á®”‡Õ“‰«â „ÀâÀ¡—Ëπ∑”´È”·≈⫴ȔՒ°‡√◊ËÕ¬‰ª ‡æ◊ËÕ„Àâæ∫∑’Ëæ÷Ëß∑’Ë·∑â®√‘ßÕ—πª√–‡ √‘∞ §◊Õæ√–√—μπμ√—¬∑’Ë¡’Õ¬Ÿà¿“¬„πμ—«‡√“ 27 ¡°√“§¡ 2545148
  • 146. 149
  • 147. ß“π∑“ß„® Õ¬à“ª≈àÕ¬„Àâªí®®—¬¿“¬πÕ° ‡ªìπÕÿª √√§μàÕ°“√ ∑”§«“¡‡æ’¬√ ‰¡à«à“®–Õ¬Ÿà„π Õ‘√‘¬“∫∂„¥ ®–π—Ëß πÕπ ¬◊𠇥‘π °‘π ¥◊Ë¡ ∑” 查 §‘¥ ‡æ√“–°“√‡®√‘≠¿“«π“ ‡ªìπß“π∑“ß„® ‰¡àμâÕß·∫°À“¡Õ–‰√ ·§à‡√“μ√÷°√–≈÷°π÷°∂÷ß ¥«ß„ Ê Õߧåæ√–„ Ê °Á‰¥â™◊ËÕ«à“∑”¿“«π“·≈â« ‡À¡◊Õπ°“√¢—∫√∂π—Ëπ‡Õß ‡√“ “¡“√∂„™â∑ÿ° à«π ¢Õß√à“ß°“¬√«¡∂÷ß®‘μ„® ∑”ß“π‰ªæ√âÕ¡Ê °—π 28  ‘ßÀ“§¡ 2546150
  • 148. 151
  • 149. æ÷Ëß™—Ë«§√“« æ÷Ëß∂“«√ §π  —μ«å  ‘ËߢÕß ≈â«π‰¡à„™à∑’Ëæ÷Ëß∑’Ë√–≈÷°Õ¬à“ß·∑â®√‘ß æ÷Ëßæ“°—π‰¥â·§à™—Ë«§√“«  ‘Ëß∑’Ë®–æ÷Ë߉¥âπ—Èπ μâÕßæâπ®“°‰μ√≈—°…≥å μâÕ߇ªìππ‘®®—ß  ÿ¢—ß Õ—μμ“ ´÷Ë߇ªìπ ‘Ëß∑’Ë¡’Õ“πÿ¿“扡ࡒª√–¡“≥ ®“°°“√ ”√«®∑—ÈßÀ¡¥·≈â«æ∫«à“∑—Èߥ«ßÕ“∑‘μ¬å ¥«ß®—π∑√å ¥«ß¥“« °Á¬—ßæ÷Ë߉¡à‰¥â ‡æ√“–‡¡◊ËÕ∂÷ߧ√“«°—ªæ‘π“» ∑ÿ° ‘Ëß°Á®–‡ ◊ËÕ¡ ≈“¬‰ªÀ¡¥ ®√¥æ√À¡‚≈° ¥—ßπ—Èπ®–∫Ÿ™“¥«ßÕ“∑‘μ¬å ‰À«âæ√–®—π∑√å À√◊Õ¥«ß¥“«Õ–‰√°Áμ“¡ ∂÷߇«≈“°Á¥—∫ ‘Èπ‰ª ∑—Èߧπ‰À«â ∑—Èßæ√–®—π∑√å æ√– —¡¡“ —¡æÿ∑∏‡®â“∑√ß ”√«®¡“·≈â«μ≈Õ¥¿æ “¡ ·≈–πÕ°¿æ “¡  √ÿª«à“¡’‡æ’¬ßæÿ∑∏√—μπ– ∏√√¡√—μπ– ·≈– —߶√—μπ–‡∑à“π—Èπ∑’Ëæ÷Ë߉¥â®√‘ß  “¡ ‘Ëßπ’È §◊Õæ√–√—μπμ√—¬ ´÷Ëß¡’Õ¬Ÿà¿“¬„πμ—«¡πÿ…¬å∑ÿ°Ê §π 19 °ÿ¡¿“æ—π∏å 2547152
  • 150. 153
  • 151. 154
  • 152. ‰¡à¡’„§√‡Õ“‰ª‰¥â‚√§¿—¬...π”‡Õ“§«“¡‡®Á∫ªÉ«¬¡“„Àâπ”‡Õ“§«“¡·¢Áß·√߉ª®“°‡√“·μà‰¡à«à“®–‡Õ“Õ–‰√‰ª‰¥â°Áμ“¡¡’ ‘ËßÀπ÷Ëß∑’ˇ√“¬—߉¡à Ÿ≠‡ ’¬‰¡à¡’„§√‡Õ“‰ª‰¥âπ—π§◊Õ... Ë≈¡À“¬„®°—∫»Ÿπ¬å°≈“ß°“¬„Àâ‡√“„™â ‘Ëßπ’ȇæ◊ËÕ √â“ߧ«“¡ ÿ¢¿“¬„π∑’Ë·∑â®√‘ß„À⇰‘¥¢÷Èπ 20 ¡‘∂ÿπ“¬π 2549 155
  • 153. ‡À¡◊Õπ§∫‡æ≈‘ß∑’Ë®ÿà¡πÈ” ‡¢â“∂÷ßæ√–∏√√¡°“¬·≈â«®–À¡¥∑ÿ°¢å À¡¥§«“¡‡´Áß §«“¡‡§√’¬¥ §«“¡‡∫◊ËÕ §«“¡°≈ÿâ¡ §«“¡‚»°‡»√Ⓡ ’¬„® §—∫·§âπ„® √˔摉√√”æ—π ‡ ¡◊Õπ§∫‡æ≈‘ß√âÕπÊ ∑’ˇ√“∂◊Õ¡“·≈â««‘Ëß∑«π°√–· ≈¡ ≈¡°Áæ—¥‡Õ“‡ª≈«‰ø√âÕπÊ ¡“ª–∑–μ—« ·μàæÕ‰ª∂÷ß·ÕàßπÈ”·≈â« ‡√“°Á®ÿࡧ∫‡æ≈‘ß„À⥗∫≈ß ‡√“®–≈◊¡‰ª‡≈¬«à“‡¡◊ËÕ§√Ÿàπ’ȇ√“∑ÿ°¢å‰¥âÕ¬à“߉√ ‡ª≈’ˬπ‡ªì𧫓¡ ÿ¢ §«“¡Õ∫Õÿàπ„® ‡ªïò¬¡‰ª¥â«¬æ≈—ß„®∑’Ë®–∑”§«“¡¥’ æ√âÕ¡‡º™‘≠°—∫∑ÿ° ‘Ëß ¬‘È¡‰¥â·¡â¿—¬¡“°ÁμÕππ’ȇÕß 21 情¿“§¡ 2547156
  • 154. 157
  • 155. ®ÿ¥®∫¢Õߪí≠À“ »Ÿπ¬å°≈“ß°“¬∞“π∑’Ë 7 ‡ªìπ®ÿ¥®∫¢Õߪí≠À“∑—Èߪ«ß ∂â“∂÷ß∏√√¡‡¡◊ËÕ„¥°Á¬ÿμ‘ ®÷ß¡’§”«à“¬ÿμ‘∏√√¡ ªí≠À“∑—ÈßÀ¡¥®– ‘Èπ ÿ¥≈ߥ⫬°“√À¬ÿ¥„®Õ¬à“߇¥’¬« ∑’ˇ¥’¬« ≥ ®ÿ¥μ√ßπ—Èπ ®—∫®ÿ¥μ√ßπ—Èπ„À≥⠮—∫®ÿ¥®∫„À≥⠄Àâ®—∫¥â«¬„® ‰¡à‰¥â„™â¡◊Õ®—∫ ‡Õ“„®®—∫®ÿ¥°Á®–∂÷ß®ÿ¥®∫ μ√ßπ’È ”§—≠¡“° ‡æ√“–®–®∫§«“¡¢—¥·¬âß §«“¡∑ÿ°¢å∑√¡“π¢Õß™’«‘μ ∑”„Àâ‡√“‡ª≈’Ë¬π®“°ºŸâ‰¡à√Ÿâ ¡“‡ªìπºŸâ√Ÿâ‡√◊ËÕß√“«§«“¡‡ªìπ®√‘ߢÕß™’«‘μ ®“°ºŸâ‰¡à∫√‘ ÿ∑∏‘Ï¡“‡ªìπºŸâ∫√‘ ÿ∑∏‘Ï ®“°ºŸâ∑’Ë¡’§«“¡∑ÿ°¢å∑√¡“π ¡“‡ªìπºŸâ∑’Ë¡’§«“¡ ÿ¢ ¥™◊ËπÕ¬à“߉¡à¡’ª√–¡“≥ 27 °—𬓬π 2550158
  • 156. 159
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  • 158. ·≈–‡ªìπÕ¬Ÿà‰¥â¥â«¬μ—«¢Õßμ—«‡Õ߇™àπ°—π§◊Õ¡’§«“¡ ÿ¢μ≈Õ¥‡«≈“∑—Èß 24 ™—Ë«‚¡ß·≈–¡’æ≈—ß„®‡À≈◊Õ‡øóÕ‰¡à¡’∑’Ë ‘Èπ ÿ¥‡À¡◊Õπæ≈—ß®“°¥«ßÕ“∑‘μ¬åπ—Ëπ‡Õß 11 ¡‘∂ÿπ“¬π 2548 161
  • 159. §«“¡ «à“ߢÕߥ«ßμ–«—π ‰¡à¡’„§√™Õ∫§«“¡¡◊¥¡‘¥‡≈¬ ™Õ∫·μ৫“¡ «à“ß À“°Õ¬Ÿà„𧫓¡¡◊¥¡‘¥·≈â«√Ÿâ«à“ «—πæ√ÿàßπ’È®–‰¥âæ∫¥«ßμ–«—π ‡√“°Á¡’°”≈—ß„® ‡æ√“–¥«ßμ–«—π„À⧫“¡ «à“ß §«“¡ «à“ß∑”„Àâ‡√“À“¬ –¥ÿâßÀ«“¥°≈—« ‡ÀÁπÕ–‰√‰¥â·®à¡·®âß ·μà‡√“°Á “¡“√∂ ∑”„À⥫ßμ–«—π¢÷ÈπμÕπ°≈“ߧ◊π‰¥â‡À¡◊Õπ°—π «‘∏’°“√π—Èπ¡’Õ¬Ÿà §◊Õ∑” ¡“∏‘À¬ÿ¥„®π‘Ë߉«â„π°≈“ß°“¬ ∂â“¥«ßμ–«—π¿“¬„π¢÷ÈπμÕπ°≈“ߧ◊π‡¡◊ËÕ‰√ ‡√“®–¡’§«“¡ ÿ¢∑’ˇªïò¬¡≈â𠬑Ëß°«à“μÕπ‰¥â‡ÀÁπ¥«ßμ–«—π¿“¬πÕ°„π¬“¡‡™â“‡ ’¬Õ’° 23 ¡‘∂ÿπ“¬π 2550162
  • 160. 163
  • 161. ¥ÿ®¥«ßμ–«—π Õ¬Ÿà§π‡¥’¬«°Á¡’ªí≠À“ Õ¬ŸàÀ≈“¬§π°Á¡’ªí≠À“ Õ¬Ÿà∑’ˉÀπ°Á¡’ªí≠À“ ·μà‡√“ “¡“√∂·°âªí≠À“‡À≈à“π—Èπ ¥â«¬ªí≠≠“·≈–°”≈—ß„® ´÷Ë߇°‘¥¢÷Èπ‰¥â‡¡◊ËÕ„®À¬ÿ¥π‘Ë߇ªìπ ¡“∏‘ ¡“‡∂‘¥...®ß‡ªìπºŸâ„Àâ· ß «à“ß ¥ÿ®¥«ßμ–«—π∑’ˉ¡à¡’«—π∑âÕ ¢÷Èπ Ÿà∑âÕßøÑ“∑ÿ°«—π ®–μ°°’˧√—Èß°Á¢÷Èπ„À¡à ‡æ√“–©–π—ÈπÕ¬à“Àà“ß®“°°“√‡®√‘≠ ¡“∏‘¿“«π“ „Àâ«“ß„®‰«â ≥ »Ÿπ¬å°≈“ß°“¬∞“π∑’Ë 7 μ≈Õ¥‡«≈“ ·≈⫇√“®–‡ªìπºŸâ∑’Ë¡’§«“¡ ÿ¢ §«“¡ «à“ß ‡ªìπ¥ÿ®¥«ßμ–«—π∑’Ë·∑â®√‘ß  “¡“√∂„Àâ· ß «à“ß·°àμπ‡Õß·≈–∑ÿ°Ê §π‰¥â 15 °ÿ¡¿“æ—π∏å 2550164
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  • 163. °“√ àß°”≈—ß„® ‡√“®– àßæ≈—ß„®  àß°”≈—ß„® °ÁμâÕß √â“ß„®¢Õ߇√“‡Õß „Àâ¡’°”≈—ߢ÷Èπ¡“‡ ’¬°àÕπ „®®–¡’°”≈—߉¥â μâÕ߉ª‡™◊Õ¡°—∫·À≈àßæ≈—ß Ë Õ—π‰¡à¡∑ π ÿ¥ ’ ’Ë ‘È §◊Õæ√–√—μπμ√—¬ ´÷Ëß¡’Õ“πÿ¿“扡ࡒª√–¡“≥ „À⇪ìπÕ—πÀπ÷ËßÕ—π‡¥’¬«°—π ·≈⫙૬°—πÕ∏‘…∞“π®‘μ Õ¬à“ßπ’È®÷ß®–∂Ÿ°À≈—°«‘™™“ ¢Õß°“√ àß°”≈—ß„® 11  ‘ßÀ“§¡ 2546166
  • 164. 167
  • 165.  ¡À«—ߥ—ß„® °“√„Àâ°”≈—ß„®ºŸâ∑”§«“¡¥’ ®–¡’Õ“π‘ ß å§◊Õ ∑”„Àâ‡√“‡ªìπºŸâ¡’°”≈—ß„® Ÿß àß ‰¡à¡’„§√¡“μ—¥√Õπ°”≈—ß„®‰¥â ®–‡ªìπ∑’Ë√—°¢Õß¡πÿ…¬å ·≈–‡∑«¥“∑—ÈßÀ≈“¬  ‘Ë߇À≈à“π’È®–‡°◊ÈÕÀπÿπ ∑”„Àâ‡√“‡¢â“∂÷ß∏√√¡ ‰¥â ¡À«—ߥ—ßμ—Èß„® 11 °√°Æ“§¡ 2549168
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  • 169.  ÿ¥∑⓬°Á™π– ·¡âμÕππ’ȇ√“¬—߉¡à™π– ·μàÕ¬à“߉√‡√“μâÕß™π–·πà ·¡âμÕππ’ȇ√“¬—߉¡à∂÷߇ªÑ“À¡“¬ ·μàÕ¬à“߉√‡√“μâÕ߉ª∂÷߇ªÑ“À¡“¬·πà ‡æ’¬ß‡√“¡ÿàß¡—Ëπ‰ª®π∂÷߇∑à“π—Èπ μÕπ·√°Õ“®¥Ÿ‡À¡◊Õπ·æâ ·μà ÿ¥∑⓬‡√“°Á™π– ∂Ⓡ√“μ—Èß„®∑”Õ¬à“ß∂Ÿ°À≈—°«‘™™“ ‡√“°Á®–∑”‰¥â ”‡√Á® 7 μÿ≈“§¡ 2550172
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  • 172. ™π–·πÊ à¡‚πª≥‘∏“πÕ—π¬‘Ëß„À≠à∑’Ë®–‰ª„Àâ∂÷߇ªÑ“À¡“¬‰ª Ÿà∑’Ë ÿ¥·Ààß∏√√¡π—Èπ‰¡àßà“¬π—°‡æ√“–«à“‡ âπ∑“ßπ’Ȭ“«‰°≈·¡â«à“®–‡ªìπ‡ âπ∑“ß “¬‡Õ° “¬‡¥’¬«·μà∂÷ßÕ¬à“߉√‡√“°ÁμâÕß™π–‡æ√“–∏√√¡–¬àÕ¡™π–Õ∏√√¡™—¬™π–°”≈—ß„°≈⇢ⓡ“·≈â«¥—ßπ—Èπ‡√“°ÁμâÕß —Ëß ¡§ÿ≥ß“¡§«“¡¥’ „Àâ¡“°Ê‡æ√“–‡√“®–™π–‰¥â°ÁμàÕ‡¡◊ËÕ‡√“¡’∫ÿ≠∫“√¡’∂÷ß ‘Ëß„¥∑’Ëμ—Èß„®¡—Ëπ‡Õ“‰«â·≈â«®ß∑”„Àâ ”‡√Á®‰¡à¡’Õ–‰√¬“°‡°‘𧫓¡ “¡“√∂À“°‡√“μ—Èß„®®√‘ß 14 °—𬓬π 2550 175
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  • 174. ·≈–¬‘È¡‰¥â‡¡◊ËÕ¿—¬¡“ μ≈Õ¥‡«≈“∑’ˇ√“μâÕß°“√‡æ’¬ßÀ≈—∫쓇∫“Ê À¬ÿ¥„®‰«â°≈“ß°“¬ºàÕπ§≈“¬ ∫“¬Ê ‰¡àμâÕߧ‘¥Õ–‰√‰¡àμâÕߧ‘¥Õ–‰√‡≈¬ À¬ÿ¥„®π‘Ë߉«â‡©¬Ê‡À¡◊Õπ‡¥Á°‡¬“«å«—¬‰√⇥’¬ß “Õ’°‰¡àπ“π‡∑à“‰√¥«ßμ–«—π¿“¬„π...°Á©“¬· ß¢÷Èπ¡“‡ªïò¬¡¥â«¬§«“¡ ÿ¢≈âπ∑’ˇ°‘π§”∫√√¬“¬ 177
  • 175. ∫∑𔇮√‘≠ ¡“∏‘¿“«π“‡∫◊ÈÕßμâπ ‡æ◊ËÕ √â“߇ √‘¡°”≈—ß„®180
  • 176. ▼ „Àâπ—Ëߢ—¥ ¡“∏‘ ‚¥¬‡Õ“¢“¢«“∑—∫¢“´â“¬ ¡◊Õ¢«“∑—∫¡◊մ⓬ π‘È«™’È¢Õß¡◊Õ¢â“ߢ«“®√¥π‘È«À—«·¡à¡◊Õ¢â“ߴ⓬«“߉«â∫πÀπâ“μ—°æÕ ∫“¬Ê À≈—∫쓇∫“Ê §àÕπ≈Ÿ°æÕ ∫“¬Ê §≈⓬°—∫μÕπ∑’ˇ√“„°≈â®–À≈—∫ Õ¬à“∫’∫‡ª≈◊Õ°μ“ Õ¬à“°¥≈Ÿ°π—¬πåμ“▼ ®“°π—Èπ ∑”„®„Àâ‡∫‘°∫“π ·™à¡™◊Ëπ  –Õ“¥ ∫√‘ ÿ∑∏‘ϺàÕß„  ‰√â°—ß«≈„π∑ÿ° ‘Ëß ‰¡à«à“®–‡ªìπ‡√◊ËÕßÕ–‰√°Áμ“¡∑”„®„Àâª≈Õ¥‚ª√àß ¥â«¬°“√ª≈àÕ¬«“ß §≈“¬§«“¡ºŸ°æ—π°—∫∑ÿ° ‘Ëß ∑”ª√–Àπ÷Ëß«à“‡√“Õ¬Ÿà§π‡¥’¬«„π‚≈°‰¡à‡§¬¡’§«“¡ºŸ°æ—πμàÕ ‘Ëß„¥‡≈¬ „Àâ§≈“¬§«“¡ºŸ°æ—π®“° √√æ —μ«å·≈– √√æ ‘Ëß∑—ÈßÀ≈“¬ ‚¥¬æ‘®“√≥“¥â«¬ªí≠≠“«à“ ‘Ëß∑—ÈßÀ≈“¬‡À≈à“π—Èπ ‡¡◊ËÕ‡°‘¥¢÷Èπ μ—ÈßÕ¬Ÿà°ÁμÕ߇ ◊Õ¡ ≈“¬‰ª ‰¡à«“®–‡ªìπ§π  —μ«å  ‘ߢÕß Õ“§“√ â Ë à Ë∫â“π‡√◊ÕπÀ√◊Õ·¡â·μà‚≈°„∫π’È °Á‡ ◊ËÕ¡≈ßμ≈Õ¥‡«≈“ —°«—πÀπ÷Ëß°Á®–μâÕß ≈“¬‰ª¥â«¬°—ªæ‘π“» ·¡â·μà¿Ÿ‡¢“μâ π ‰¡â √∂√“ ºŸâ § π °Á ® –μâ Õ ß‰ª Ÿà ®ÿ ¥  ≈“¬‡™à π °— π·¡â∫√√æ∫ÿ√ÿ…¢Õ߇√“°Á≈â«π‡°‘¥¢÷Èπ μ—ÈßÕ¬Ÿà ·≈â«°Á≈â¡À“¬μ“¬®“°‰ª μ—«‡√“‡Õß°Á‡™àπ‡¥’¬«°—π  —°«—πÀπ÷Ëß°Á®–μâÕ߇ªìπ‡™àππ—Èπ ·¡â∑ÿ°«—ππ’È°Á‡ ◊ËÕ¡ ≈“¬‰ª‡√◊ËÕ¬Ê 181
  • 177. π—∫μ—Èß·μà‡√“‡°‘¥¡“®π°√–∑—Ëß∫—¥π’È ▼ „Àâ‡√“À¡—πæ‘®“√≥“«à“ æ◊π∞“π¢Õß™’«μπ—π‡ªìπ∑ÿ°¢å Ë È ‘ È ∑ÿ°¢å∑—Èß°“¬·≈–„® ∑ÿ°¢å¡“° ∑ÿ°¢åπÕ¬ ‰¡à«à“®–‡°‘¥‡ªìπ â Õ–‰√ ¡’∞“π–·§à‰Àπ°Áμ“¡ ®–‡ªìπ§π√«¬ §π∞“π– ª“π°≈“ß §π¬“°®π ≈â«π·μà¡’∑ÿ°¢å∑—Èß ‘È𠇻√…∞’ °Á∑ÿ°¢åÕ¬à“߇»√…∞’ ™π™—Èπ°≈“ß°Á∑ÿ°¢åÕ¬à“ß™π™—Èπ°≈“ß ™π™—Èπ≈à“ß°Á∑ÿ°¢åÕ¬à“ß™π™—Èπ≈à“ß ≈â«π¡’∑ÿ°¢å‡À¡◊ÕπÊ °—π§◊Õ ∑ÿ°¢å®“°§«“¡·°à §«“¡‡®Á∫ §«“¡μ“¬ §«“¡ æ≈— ¥ æ√“°®“° ‘Ëß ∑’Ë√—° ª√– ∫ ‘ËßÕ—π‰¡à‡ ªì π∑’Ë√—° ª√“√∂π“ ‘Ëß„¥‰¡à‰¥â ‘Ëßπ—Èπ‡ªì𧫓¡∑ÿ°¢å “°≈∑’Ë∑ÿ°§π ®–μâÕ߇®Õ ▼ æ◊Èπ∞“𙒫쇪ìπ∑ÿ°¢å ‡æ√“–«à“∑ÿ°™’«‘μμ°Õ¬Ÿà¿“¬„μâ ‘ °Æ·Ààß°√√¡ °Æ·Àà߉μ√≈—°…≥å ‰¡à‡∑’Ë¬ß ‡ªìπ∑ÿ°¢å ‡ªìπÕπ—μμ“ ‡ªìπÕ¬à“ßπ’ÈÕ¬Ÿàμ≈Õ¥‡«≈“ ‡æ√“–°‘‡≈  Õ“ «–∫—ߧ—∫∫—≠™“Õ¬Ÿà ‡æ√“–©–π—Èπ∂â“À“°«à“‡√“∑” æ√–π‘ææ“π‰¡à·®âß À√◊Õ‡¢â“‰¡à∂÷ßæ√–√—μπμ√—¬„πμ—« ‡√“°Á®–∑ÿ°¢å¡“°¡“¬‡™àπ‡¥’¬«°—∫™“«‚≈°∑—ÈßÀ≈“¬∑’ˇ¢“ ¡’§«“¡∑ÿ°¢åÕ¬Ÿà√Ë”‰ª ▼ ‡√“®– “¡“√∂‡¢â“∂÷ßæ√–√—μπμ√—¬¿“¬„πμ—«‰¥â¥â«¬182
  • 178. °“√√«¡„®¢Õ߇√“°≈—∫‡¢â“‰ªÀ¬ÿ¥π‘Ëß∑’Ë»Ÿπ¬å°≈“ß°“¬∞“π∑’ˇ®Á¥ ´÷ËßÕ¬Ÿà„π°≈“ß∑âÕߢÕ߇√“ „π√–¥—∫∑’ˇÀπ◊Õ®“° –¥◊ Õ ¢÷È π ¡“ Õßπ‘È « ¡◊ Õ ‚¥¬ ¡¡ÿ μ‘ «à “ ‡√“À¬‘ ∫‡ âπ¥â“¬¢÷Èπ¡“ Õ߇ âπ π”¡“¢÷ß„Àâμ÷ß ®“° –¥◊Õ∑–≈ÿ‰ª¥â“πÀ≈—߇ âπÀπ÷Ëß ®“°¥â“π¢«“∑–≈ÿ‰ª¥â“π´â“¬Õ’°‡ âπÀπ÷Ëß „À⇠âπ¥â“¬∑—Èß Õßμ—¥°—π‡ªìπ°“°∫“∑ ®ÿ¥μ—¥‡≈Á°‡∑à“°—∫ª≈“¬‡¢Á¡ ‡Àπ◊Õ®ÿ¥μ—¥π’È¢÷Èπ¡“ Õßπ‘È«¡◊Õ‡√’ ¬ °«à “»Ÿπ¬å°≈“ß°“¬∞“π∑’ˇ®Á¥ À√◊Õ®”ßà“¬Ê «à“Õ¬Ÿ∫√‘‡«≥°≈“ß∑âÕߢÕ߇√“ ‡Àπ◊Õ –¥◊Õ¢÷π¡“ Õßπ‘«¡◊Õ à È È▼ ‡√“ “¡“√∂¥—∫§«“¡∑ÿ°¢å·≈– √â“߇ √‘¡°”≈—ß„®‰¥â¥â«¬°“√À¬ÿ¥„®‰«â∑’Ëμ√ßπ’È π”„®∑’ËøÿÑß´à“π´—¥ à“¬‰ª¡“§‘¥‰ª„π‡√◊ËÕß√“«μà“ßÊ ¡“À¬ÿ¥ ≥ »Ÿπ¬å°≈“ß°“¬∞“π∑’‡®Á¥ ∑”„®À¬ÿ¥π‘ßÕ¬à“߇¥’¬« Õ¬à“ß ∫“¬Ê ‡©¬Ê Ë Ë‚¥¬‰¡àμâÕߧ‘¥Õ–‰√‡≈¬ À√◊Õ®–π÷°∂÷ß∫√‘°√√¡π‘¡‘쇪ìπ¿“æ∑“ß„® ‡ªìπ —≠≈—°…≥å¢Õßæ√–√—μπμ√—¬ ‡™àπæ√–·°â«¢“«„ ·∑πæ√– —¡¡“ —¡æÿ∑∏‡®â“ À√◊Õ¥«ß·°â«„ Ê ·∑π∏√√¡√—μπ– §” Õπ¢Õßæ√– —¡¡“ —¡æÿ∑∏‡®â“À√◊Õ®–π÷°∂÷ßæ√–‡¥™æ√–§ÿ≥æ√–¡ß§≈‡∑æ¡ÿπ’ºŸâ§âπæ∫«‘™™“∏√√¡°“¬·∑π —߶√—μπ–°Á‰¥â ®–π÷°‡ªìπ¿“æÀ√◊Õ 183
  • 179. ‡ªìπ‡æ’¬ß§«“¡√Ÿâ ÷°«à“¡’Õ¬Ÿà°Á‰¥â ▼ „Àâπ÷° ‘Ëß„¥ ‘ËßÀπ÷ËßÕ¬à“ß ∫“¬Ê μàÕ‡π◊ËÕß°—π‰ª ‰¡à¢“¥μÕπ π÷°‰ª‡√◊ËÕ¬Ê ‡∫“Ê  ∫“¬Ê ∑”„®‡¬ÁπÊ ‰¡àμâÕß°—ß«≈«à“®–™—¥¡“°À√◊ÕπâÕ¬ ·≈–ª√–§Õß„®‰¡à„Àâ §‘¥‡√◊ÕßÕ◊π¥â«¬°“√∫√‘°√√¡¿“«π“„π„®‡∫“Ê  ¡Ë”‡ ¡Õ Ë Ë ‚¥¬„À⇠’¬ß¢Õߧ”¿“«π“¥—ßÕÕ°¡“®“°„π°≈“ß∑âÕß ¢Õ߇√“ ¿“«π“§”«à“ ç —¡¡“ Õ–√–À—ß...  —¡¡“ Õ–√–À—ß  —¡¡“ Õ–√–À—ßÇé ®–¿“«π“°’§√—ß°Á‰¥â ®π°«à“„®®–À¬ÿ¥π‘ß Ë È Ë ‡¡◊Ë Õ „®À¬ÿ ¥ π‘Ë ß °Á ® –≈–§”¿“«π“‰ª‡Õß‚¥¬Õ— μ ‚π¡— μ‘ ®–¡’§«“¡√Ÿâ ÷°«à“‡√“‰¡àÕ¬“°®–¿“«π“Õ’°μàÕ‰ª Õ¬“° À¬ÿ¥„®‰«âπ‘Ë߇©¬Ê ∑’Ë»Ÿπ¬å°≈“ß°“¬ ▼ ∂â“À“°«à“§«“¡√Ÿ °Õ¬à“ßπ’‡È °‘¥¢÷π‡√“°Á‰¡àμÕß¿“«π“ â÷ È â  —¡¡“ Õ–√–À—ß μàÕ‰ª ·μà‡¡◊ËÕ„¥„®øÿÑß´à“𠧑¥‡√◊ËÕßÕ◊Ëπ ‡√“§àÕ¬¬âÕπ°≈—∫¡“¿“«π“  —¡¡“ Õ–√–À—ßÕ’° „Àâ§Õ¬Ê à ª√–§—∫ª√–§Õß„®‰ª‡™àππ’È ®π°«à“„®®–À¬ÿ¥π‘Ëß ‡¡◊ËÕ„® À¬ÿ¥π‘Ëß·≈â« °Á√—°…“„®„ÀâÀ¬ÿ¥π‘ËßμàÕ‰ª ‰¡àμâÕß∑”Õ–‰√ ∑’ËπÕ°‡Àπ◊Õ®“°π’È ▼ À“°¡’¿“懰‘¥¢÷Èπ„π ¡“∏‘ ‡√“°Á¥Ÿ‰ª ¥Ÿ‰ª‡√◊ËÕ¬Ê Õ¬à“ß ∫“¬Ê ‚¥¬‰¡àμâÕߧ‘¥Õ–‰√∑—Èß ‘Èπ ®–‡ªìπÕ¬à“߉√184
  • 180. ®–À≈“°À≈“¬Õ¬à “ ߉√ °Á ª ≈à Õ ¬„Àâ ‡ ªì π ‰ªÕ¬à “ ßπ—È π¥ŸÕ¬à“ß¡’ μ‘ ‰¡àΩóπª√– ∫°“√≥å¿“¬„π „Àâª≈àÕ¬‰ªÕ¬à“ßπ—Èπ Õ¬à“ß ∫“¬Ê ∂â“À“°‡¡◊ËÕ¬°Á¢¬—∫ øÿÑß°Á≈◊¡μ“·≈⫇√‘¡μâπ„À¡à æ√âÕ¡∑’®–‡√‘¡μâπ„À¡à∑°§√—ß Õ¬à“ßßà“¬Ê Ë Ë Ë ÿ È▼ ‡¡◊ËÕ„¥∑’ˇ√“‡¢â“∂÷ßæ√–√—μπμ√—¬„πμ—«·≈â« ‡√“®–¡’∑’Ë¥—∫∑ÿ°¢å ‡ªìπ‡ ¡◊ÕπªÑÕ¡ §à“¬ À√◊ÕÀ≈ÿ¡À≈∫¿—¬Õ¬Ÿ¿“¬„πμ—« ¡’∑°¢å¡“‡√“°Á¥∫‰¥â ¡’‚≈° à«πμ—«Õ—πÕ∫Õÿπ à ÿ — à‡ªìπ·À≈àß·Ààߪïμ‘ ÿ¢ §«“¡‡∫‘°∫“π ·À≈àß·Ààßæ≈—ß„®Õ—π∫√‘ ÿ∑∏‘Ï ·À≈àß·Ààߧ«“¡¥’´÷Ëߪ√–™ÿ¡√«¡Õ¬Ÿà„π°≈“ß°“¬∏√√¡¿“¬„π ∑”„Àâ‡√“Õ¬Ÿà„π —ß “√«—Øπ’ȉ¥âÕ¬à“ߪ≈Õ¥¿—¬ ‡¬Á𰓬 ‡¬Áπ„® ‡ªïò¬¡‰ª¥â«¬¢«—≠·≈–°”≈—ß„®·≈–¡’™—¬™π–Õ¬à“ß·∑â®√‘ß„π∑’Ë ÿ¥ 185
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  • 183.  Ÿà‡ âπ∑“ß À≈—°°“√„™â™’«‘μ¢Õß¡πÿ…¬å‰¡àμà“ß®“°À≈—°°“√∑“ß «‘∑¬“»“ μ√å ∑ÿ°Õ¬à“ß≈â«π¡’‡Àμÿ¡’º≈∑’Ë°”Àπ¥μ“¬μ—« ‡Àμÿ‰¡à‡ª≈’ˬπ·ª≈ß º≈¬àÕ¡‰¡à‡ª≈’Ë¬π‰ª »‘≈ª–∑ÿ° ·¢πß≈â«π¡’ Ÿμ√ ”‡√Á®‡©æ“–μ—« ‡À¡◊Õπ ¡°“√∑“ß §≥‘μ»“ μ√å À“°μ’‚®∑¬å∂Ÿ° μ—Èß§à“°“√§”π«≥‰¡àº‘¥ ¬àÕ¡‰¥âº≈≈—æ∏å∑’Ë∂Ÿ°μâÕß  ‘Ëß∑’Ëπ”Ωíπ√⓬¡“ Ÿà™’«‘μ¡πÿ…¬å ‰¡à√Ÿâ®—°À¬ÿ¥À¬àÕπ‡°‘¥®“° ù§«“¡‰¡à√Ÿâû ∑”„Àâ‡√“·°â ªí≠À“‰¡àμ√ß®ÿ¥ ·≈–°àÕªí≠À“„Àâμπ‡ÕßÕ¬à“߉¡à®∫ ‘Èπ ∂âÕ¬§”Õ—π∑√ߧÿ≥§à“¢Õß çμ–«—π∏√√¡é ‰¥âª≈¥‡ª≈◊ÈÕß  ¿“«–¢Õߧ«“¡‰¡à√Ÿâ  Ÿà ¿“«–¢ÕߺŸâ√Ÿâ ¬°∞“π–¢Õß §«“¡≈⡇À≈« ¢÷Èπ Ÿà§«“¡‡ªìπºŸâ ”‡√Á®  Ÿμ√ ”‡√Á®·Ààß °“√·°âª≠À“¢Õß∑à“π ‰¥âº“π°“√æ‘ ®π宓°ºŸªØ‘∫μμ“¡ í à Ÿ â —‘188
  • 184. ·Ààß™—¬™π–¡“§√—Èß·≈⫧√—È߇≈à“ ®“°∫ÿ§§≈À≈“¬‡™◊ÈÕ™“μ‘∑—Ë«‚≈° ¥—ßμ—«Õ¬à“ß®“°‡√◊ËÕß√“«„π™’«‘μ®√‘ߢÕßπ—°∏ÿ√°‘®√–¥—∫·π«Àπâ“¢Õߪ√–‡∑»‰∑¬ §◊Õ §ÿ≥Õπ—πμå Õ—»«‚¿§‘π ·≈–§ÿ≥∫ÿ≠™—¬ ‡∫≠®√ߧ°ÿ≈ À≈“¬§πÕ“®¬—߉¡à∑√“∫«à“√–À«à“ß°“√‡¥‘π∑“߉°≈„π™’«‘μ¢Õß∑à“π∑—Èß Õß °àÕπ°â“«‡¢â“ Ÿà∑”‡π’¬∫¢Õß°“√‡ªìπºŸâª√– ∫§«“¡ ”‡√Á®„π«—ππ’ȉ¥âºà“πÕ–‰√¡“∫â“ß ‡§¬¡’ªí≠À“∑’Ë· πÀπ—°Àπà«ß‡™àπ§πÕ◊Ëπ∑—Ë«‰ª¥â«¬À√◊Õ ·πàπÕπ∑’Ë ÿ¥ ªí≠À“∫“߇√◊Õß∑’∑“π∑—ß Õ߉¥âæ∫ Àπ—°®π∫“ß∑’‡√“Õ“®§“¥‰¡à∂ß Ë Ëà È ÷ªí≠À“∑’Ë«à“Àπ—°π—Èπ¡’Õ–‰√∫â“ß ·≈–∑⓬∑’Ë ÿ¥ ∑à“π∑”Õ¬à “ ߉√®÷ ß °≈“¬‡ªì π ùºŸâ ™ π–„π∑’Ë  ÿ ¥ û §”μÕ∫∑’Ë «à “√ÕÕ¬Ÿà„πÀπâ“∂—¥‰ª·≈â«... 189
  • 185. ≥ π“∑’π’È ∂â“„ÀâÀ≈—∫μ“π÷°∂÷ß™◊ËÕπ—°∏ÿ√°‘®∑’˪√– ∫ §«“¡ ”‡√Á®„π√–¥—∫·π«Àπâ“¢Õ߇Շ™’¬ Õπ—πμå Õ—»«‚¿§‘π190
  • 186. ¬àÕ¡‡ªìπÀπ÷Ëß„π√“¬™◊ËÕπ—Èπ „π∞“π–ª√–∏“π°√√¡°“√∫√‘À“√·≈–°√√¡°“√ºŸ®¥°“√∫√‘…∑ ·≈π¥å ·Õπ¥å ‡Œâ“ å â— —®”°—¥ (¡À“™π) ·≈–π—°≈ß∑ÿπ√“¬„À≠à∑’Ëμ‘¥Õ—π¥—∫·™¡ªá‡»√…∞’ çÀÿâπé ·∑∫∑ÿ°ªï À≈“¬§π¡Õߧ«“¡ ”‡√Á®¢Õß∑à“πºŸâπ’ȥ⫬§«“¡™◊Ëπ™¡ À≈“¬§π¬°π‘È«„Àâ·≈â«∫Õ°«à“ ç𓬷πà¡“°é ·μà‡√“°”≈—ß®–‰ª‡√’¬π√Ÿâæ√âÕ¡Ê °—π«à“ ‡¢“∑”Õ¬à“߉√ ®÷ߪ√– ∫§«“¡ ”‡√Á®‡™àππ’È 191
  • 187. ‡¢“‡§¬¡’§«“¡‡™◊ËÕ«à“ Àπ÷Ëß ¡Õß Õß¡◊Õ øÑ“¥‘π ç‡π◊ËÕß®“°º¡‡ªìπ≈Ÿ°§π®’π §√Õ∫§√—«ª√–°Õ∫Õ“™’æ §â“¢“¬ ®÷߉¡à‡§¬„À⧫“¡ π„®æ√–æÿ∑∏»“ π“ ‰¡à‡§¬ ‡¢â“«—¥ ‰¡à‡§¬·¢«πæ√– ‰¡à‡§¬¡’ÀâÕßæ√–  ‘Ëß∑’˺¡·≈– §√Õ∫§√— « ‡§“√æ°√“∫‰À«â „ π∫â “ π°Á ¡’ · μà √Ÿ ª ¢ÕßÕ“°ß Õ“¡à“ μ’Ë®Ÿà‡Õ’ͬ‡∑à“π—Èπ ‡¡◊ËÕ‚μ¢÷Èπº¡‰¥â‡¢â“‡√’¬π„π§≥– «‘ » «°√√¡»“ μ√å ¢ Õß¡À“«‘ ∑ ¬“≈— ¬ ‡ªì π æ«°∑’Ë º‘ ¥ ¡πÿ…¬å¡π“ —°ÀπàÕ¬ §◊Õ¡’§à“π‘¬¡™Õ∫„Àâ∑ÿ°§π‡ªìπ ≈Ÿ°ºŸ™“¬ ‡™◊Õ¡—π„πÀπ÷ß ¡Õß Õß¡◊Õ«à“ ç‚≈°∑—ß‚≈° √â“ß â Ë Ë Ë È ‰¥â¥«¬«‘»«°√é ∂◊Õ«à“μ—«‡Õß¡’§«“¡©≈“¥‡©≈’¬«¡“°°«à“ â192
  • 188. ‡√“≈‘¢‘μ¥â«¬μ—«‡Õ߉¥â¡πÿ…¬åæ—π∏ÿåÕ◊ËπÊ ®”‰¥â«à“μÕπ‡√’¬π®∫¡À“«‘∑¬“≈—¬º¡æ“‡æ◊ËÕπÊ ‰ª‡≈’Ȭß∑’Ë∫â“π∑—ÈßÀ¡¥ 8-9 §π ¢‚¡¬‡À≈â“¢ÕßæàÕ‰ª°‘π∂÷ß 16 ¢«¥ ™’«‘μ™à«ßπ—Èπ‰¡à¡’Õ–‰√‡ªìπ ‘߬÷¥‡À𒬫 πÕ°®“°§‘¥«à“μπ‡Õ߇ªìπ§π¡’§«“¡√Ÿâ Ë Ë¡’§«“¡©≈“¥ ¡’§«“¡μ—Èß„®®√‘ß ·≈– ‘Ëßμà“ßÊ ∑’ˇ°‘¥¢÷Èπμ“¡¡“°Á π—∫ πÿ𧫓¡‡™◊ËÕπ—Èπ¥â«¬ ‡æ√“–À≈—ß®“°∑’ˉ¥â∑”ß“π °Á§Õ¬Ê ª√– ∫§«“¡ ”‡√Á®‡√◊Õ¬¡“  “¡“√∂ à ˇªî¥∫√‘…—∑ ·≈π¥å ·Õπ¥å ‡Œâ“ å ·≈–∫√‘À“√®—¥°“√®π°≈“¬‡ªìπ∫√‘…∑¢“¬∫â“π™—π·π«Àπâ“¢Õߪ√–‡∑»‰∑¬‰¥âé — È 193
  • 189. ·≈â««—πÀπ÷Ëß ‡¡◊ËÕ®”ππμàÕÀ≈—°∞“π 燡◊Õª≈“¬ªï æ.». 2537 º¡‡√‘¡‡¢â“«—¥æ√–∏√√¡°“¬‡ªìπ Ë Ë §√—Èß·√° ‰¥â¡’‚Õ°“ ‡¢â“°√“∫æ√–‡¥™æ√–§ÿ≥À≈«ßæàÕ ∏—¡¡™‚¬ ·≈–∂“¡§”∂“¡‡°’ˬ«°—∫æ√–æÿ∑∏»“ π“À≈“¬ ¢âÕ À≈«ßæàÕ∑à“π°Á·π–π”„ÀâÕà“πÀπ—ß ◊Õ∏√√¡–·≈– æ√–‰μ√ªîÆ° ‡æ√“–§”μÕ∫¡’Õ¬Ÿà„ππ—ÈπÀ¡¥·≈â« À≈—ß ®“°Õà“πÀπ—ß ◊Õ‡À≈à“π—Èπ‰ª‰¥â —°√–¬– º¡‰¡à‡æ’¬ß·§à ·ª≈°„® ·μà√Ÿâ ÷°μ°„®¡“°∑’‡¥’¬« §◊Õº¡Õà“πæ∫‡√◊ËÕß ¢ÕßÕπ—πμ®—°√«“≈„πæ√–‰μ√ªîÆ° ‡ªìπ‰ª‰¥âÕ¬à“߉√? æ√–æÿ∑∏‡®â“∑à“π∑√“∫‡√◊ËÕß«‘∑¬“»“ μ√剥âÕ¬à“߉√?194
  • 190. §«“¡‡™◊ËÕ‡¥‘¡°Á‡ª≈’Ë¬π‰ª¡πÿ…¬å‡√“‡æ‘Ëß√Ÿâ‡√◊ËÕßπ’È¡“¬—߉¡à∂÷ß√âÕ¬ªï μÕπ∑’Ë¡‘ ‡μÕ√å‡ÕÁ¥«‘π Œ—∫‡∫‘≈ π—°¥“√“»“ μ√å  àÕß°≈âÕ߉ªæ∫·≈–∑√“∫«à “  ‘Ë ß ∑’Ë ‡ ¢“‡ÀÁ π π—È π ‰¡à „ ™à · §à ¥ “« ·μà ‡ ªì π Õ’ °®—°√«“≈Àπ÷Ëß ·≈–°àÕπÀπâ“π—Èπ¡πÿ…¬å‰¡à‡§¬√Ÿâ¡“°àÕπ«à“¡’Õπ—πμ®—°√«“≈ √Ÿâ·§à«à“‡√“Õ¬Ÿà„π∑“ß™â“߇º◊Õ° ´÷Ëß¡’¥“«Õ¬Ÿª√–¡“≥ Õß· π≈â“π¥«ß ®—∫°≈ÿ¡‡ªìπ√Ÿª°âπÀÕ¬ à àμ“¢Õß¡πÿ…¬å·≈–°≈âÕߥŸ¥“«‰¡à‡§¬ àÕ߉ª‰¥â‰°≈‡°‘π°«à“π’È ‡√“°Áπ÷°«à“®—°√«“≈∑—ÈßÀ¡¥¡’Õ¬Ÿà·§àπ’ȇ∑à“π—Èπ ´÷Ëß°Á∂Õ«à“°«â“ß„À≠à¡“°·≈â« æÕÕà“π‡®Õ§”π’„È πæ√–‰μ√ªîÆ° ◊ 195
  • 191. º¡°Á ‡ ≈¬μ°„®‡≈¬«à “ ‡¡◊Ë Õ  Õßæ— π Àâ “ √â Õ ¬ªï ∑’Ë · ≈â « ¡’ ° “√æŸ ¥ ∂÷ ß Õπ— π μ®— ° √«“≈‰¥â Õ ¬à “ ߉√? ‡¡◊Ë Õ »÷ ° …“ §â π §«â “ Õ¬à “ ßμà Õ ‡π◊Ë Õ ß º¡§à Õ ¬Ê ‰¥â §”μÕ∫„π ‘Ë ß ∑’ˇ§¬ ß —¬¡“μ≈Õ¥ √–À«à“ßπ’Ⱥ¡°Á¡“«—¥‡ªìπª√–®” ‰¥â »÷ ° …“∏√√¡– ‰¥â Õà “ πæ√–‰μ√ªî Æ ° ‰¥â øí ß ∏√√¡ ‰¥âªØ‘∫—μ‘∏√√¡ º¡§àÕ¬Ê ‡¢â“„®„π‡√◊ËÕß°“√ªØ‘∫—μ‘∏√√¡196
  • 192. ·≈–‡√◊ËÕß∫ÿ≠°ÿ»≈¡“°¢÷Èπ ®“°∑’ˇ§¬‡¢â“„®«à“™’«‘μ‡√“π—Èπ¢÷ÈπÕ¬Ÿà°—∫Àπ÷Ëß ¡Õß Õß¡◊Õ ¿“¬À≈—ß®÷ß∑√“∫«à“ ç∫ÿ≠éμà“ßÀ“°∑’ˇªìπ‡∫◊ÈÕßÀ≈—ߧ«“¡ ”‡√Á®¢Õß™’«‘μ∑’Ë·∑â®√‘ß®“°π—Èπ º¡°Áμ°≈ß√—∫‡ªìπª√–∏“π‚§√ß°“√°àÕ √â“ß¡À“∏√√¡°“¬‡®¥’¬·≈–‰¥â‡¢â“«—¥ªØ‘∫μ∏√√¡Õ¬à“ßμàÕ‡π◊Õßé å —‘ Ë 197
  • 193. ªï æ.». 2540 ª√–‡∑»‰∑¬ ª√–°“»≈Õ¬μ—«§à“‡ß‘π∫“∑ ‡»√…∞°‘®¥‘Ëß≈߇À« 纡ª√– ∫¡√ ÿ¡™’«‘μÕ¬à“ßÀπ—° ®“°°“√∑’˪√–‡∑»‰∑¬ ª√–°“»≈Õ¬μ—«§à“‡ß‘π∫“∑ ∫√‘…—∑ ·≈π¥å ·Õπ¥å ‡Œâ“ å ·≈–∫√‘…—∑„π‡§√◊Õ∑—ÈßÀ¡¥¢“¥∑ÿπ®“°°“√∑’ˇߑπ∫“∑ ¡’§à“πâÕ¬≈ß ·≈–®“°°“√‡ ◊ËÕ¡§à“¢Õ߇ߑπ≈ß∑ÿπ·≈– ∑’Ë¥‘π∑’ˉ¥â´◊ÈÕ¡“ √«¡∑—Èß ‘Èπ ÕßÀ¡◊Ëπ≈â“π∫“∑ ¡Ÿ≈§à“Àÿâπ ¢Õß∫√‘…—∑ ·≈π¥å ·Õπ¥å ‡Œâ“ å ®“°∑’ˇ§¬ Ÿß∂÷ß·ª¥ √âÕ¬∫“∑ ≈¥≈߉ª√âÕ¬‡∑à“‡À≈◊Õ·§à·ª¥∫“∑‡∑à“π—Èπ ¬‘ß‰ª°«à“π—π º¡¬—ß∂Ÿ°øÑÕß ‡æ√“–‰ª§È”ª√–°—π§πÕ◊π‰«â Ë È Ë ™à«ßªï æ.». 2541-2542 ‡ªìπ™à«ß∑’ª≠À“μà“ßÊ æ“°—π¡“ Ëí198
  • 194. π—°∏ÿ√°‘® π—°≈ß∑ÿπ®”π«π¡“°μâÕß ‘Èπ‡π◊ÈÕª√–¥“μ—«·≈–§ÿ≥Õπ—πμå°Á‰¡àæâπ«‘°ƒμ°“√≥åπ’È√ÿ¡‡√⓺¡Õ¬à“ßÀπ—° ∫√‘…∑¢“¥∑ÿ𠇮â“Àπ’√¡∑«ß μπ‡Õß — Èÿ∂Ÿ°øÑÕß ≈Ÿ°°Á‡√’¬πÕ¬Ÿà‡¡◊ÕßπÕ°¬—߉¡à®∫ „π™à«ßπ—Èπº¡ —∫ π«ÿà𫓬‰ªÀ¡¥ «‘μ°°—ß«≈ °≈—««à“®–‰¡à¡’‡ß‘π °≈—««à“®–‡ ’¬™◊ËÕ‡ ’¬ß °≈—««à“®–‰¡à¡’ªí≠≠“„™âÀπ’È ·¡âμÕππ—Èπº¡¬— ß ¡’ ‡ ß‘ π  à « πμ— « Ω“°‰«â „ π∏𓧓√À≈“¬æ— π ≈â “ πº¡®–‡Õ“μ—«√Õ¥¥â«¬°“√Õ¬Ÿà‡©¬Ê ·≈⫪≈àÕ¬„Àâ∫√‘…—∑‡®ä߉ª°Á‰¥â ·μມ∑π‡ÀÁπæπ—°ß“π∫√‘…—∑À≈“¬√âÕ¬§π∑’ˇ§¬√à«¡ß“π°—π¡“μâÕßμ°ß“π‰¡à‰¥â ‡æ√“–πÕ°®“°μ—«‡¢“·≈â« ¬—ß¡’§√Õ∫§√—« ´÷ßμâÕßæ≈Õ¬‡¥◊Õ¥√âÕπ‰ª¥â«¬é Ë 199
  • 195. 200
  • 196. 201
  • 197. À≈“¬§ππ—Ëß°≈ÿâ¡ À≈“¬§ππ—Ë߇»√â“ çμÕππ—Èπº¡«â“«ÿàπ„®¡“° À—π‰ª∑“߉Àπ°Á‡®Õ·μàªí≠À“ ¥’∑’˺¡¡’À≈«ßæàÕ‡ªìπÀ≈—°¬÷¥‡Àπ’ˬ«®‘μ„® ‡ªìπ·∫∫ Õ¬à“ß∑’Ë¥’ ‡¡◊ËÕº¡‡¢â“‰ª°√“∫À≈«ßæàÕ  ‘Ëß∑’Ë∑à“πæ√Ë”  Õπ‡μ◊Õπ μ‘º¡Õ¬Ÿ‡à  ¡Õ°Á§Õ „ÀâπßÀ≈—∫μ“ ∑”„® ∫“¬Ê ◊ —Ë À¬ÿ¥ π‘Ëß ‡©¬Ê ·≈â«·ºà‡¡μμ“ „Àâπ÷°∂÷ß∫ÿ≠∑’ˇ§¬∑”¡“ øíߥŸ‡À¡◊Õπßà“¬ ‰¡àπ“®–™à«¬Õ–‰√‰¥â ·μàπ·À≈–§◊Õ«‘∏™«¬ à ’Ë ’à π’Ë·À≈–§◊Õ«‘∏’·°âªí≠À“∑’Ë¥’∑’Ë ÿ¥ º¡μ—¥ ‘π„®«à“®– Ÿâ¥ŸÕ’°  —°§√—Èß º¡‰¡àª≈¥æπ—°ß“π ·μà„π™à«ß∑’Ë∫√‘…—∑¢“¥∑ÿπ Õ¬à “ ßÀπ— ° π’È º ¡‰¡à   “¡“√∂¢÷È π ‡ß‘ 𠇥◊ Õ π„Àâ „ §√‰¥â202
  • 198. ·μà‡¢“ çπ—Ëß ¡“∏‘麡∂Õπ‡ß‘π à«πμ—«ÕÕ°®“°∏𓧓√®πÀ¡¥·≈–°Ÿâ‡ß‘π‚¥¬ à«πμ—«Õ’°®”π«π¡“°‡æ◊ËÕ‡æ‘Ë¡∑ÿπª√–§—∫ª√–§Õß∫√‘…—∑ ‰ª‡®√®“°—∫Ω√—Ë߇®â“Àπ’ȇæ◊ËÕ¢ÕºàÕπº—π §àÕ¬∑”§àÕ¬·°â‰ª∑’≈–‡ª≈“– ·≈⫺¡°Áºà“π«‘°ƒμ°“√≥å§√—Èßπ—Èπ¡“‰¥â º¡ “¡“√∂∫Õ°‰¥âÕ¬à“߇μÁ¡ª“°‡μÁ¡§”«à“ ∑’˺¡ºà“π®ÿ¥π—Èπ¡“‰¥â °Á‡æ√“–°“√π—Ëß ¡“∏‘ ‡Õ“∫ÿ≠‡¢â“™à«¬ 203
  • 199. æÕ∂÷ߪï æ.». 2542 º¡‰¥â ‡ ¢â “ ‰ª°√“∫‡√’ ¬ π∂“¡À≈«ßæà Õ ∏— ¡ ¡™‚¬«à “ À≈«ßæàÕ§√—∫μÕππ’Ⱥ¡§àÕπ¢â“ß≈”∫“° ‡®äßÀ¡¥μ—«‡≈¬ §√—∫ º¡®–∑”Õ¬à“߉√¥’ º¡§‘¥Õ–‰√‰¡àÕÕ°‡≈¬ ·∑π∑’Ë À≈«ßæàÕ∑à“π®–∫Õ°«à“ ´◊ÈÕÕ—ππ’Èπ– ¢“¬Õ—ππ—Èππ– ∑à“π‰¡à查∂÷߇√◊ËÕßπ—Èπ ·μà∑à“π·π–π”„À⺡π—Ëß ¡“∏‘204
  • 200. °Á‡®Õ«‘°ƒμÕ’°§√—Èߺ¡°Á‡™◊ËÕÀ≈«ßæàÕ ®÷ßπ—Ëß ¡“∏‘ æÕπ—Ëß ¡“∏‘¡“°‡¢â“§«“¡«‘μ°°—ß«≈ §«“¡«ÿà𫓬μà“ßÊ ¿“¬„π„®°Á‡√‘Ë¡§≈“¬μ—« æÕ„® ß∫π‘Ëߪ≈Õ¥‚ª√àß º¡°Á‡ÀÁπ∑“ßÕÕ°¢Õߪí≠À“ ·≈–·°â‰¢‰ª‡√◊ËÕ¬Ê ®π°√–∑—Ëß„π∑’Ë ÿ¥∑ÿ°Õ¬à“ß “¡“√∂æ≈‘°øóôπ¡“¥’¬‘Ëß°«à“‡¥‘¡‡ªìπ√âÕ¬‡∑à“é 205
  • 201. 206
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  • 203. ¢âÕ‰¥â‡ª√’¬∫¢Õßπ—°∏ÿ√°‘® çπ—°∏ÿ√°‘®∑’˪ؑ∫—μ‘∏√√¡°—∫‰¡à‰¥âªØ‘∫—μ‘∏√√¡®–¡’ ‘Ëß∑’Ë μà“ß°—πμ√ßπ’ȧ√—∫ ª√–°“√·√°π—°∏ÿ√°‘®∑’˪ؑ∫—μ‘∏√√¡ ®–§‘¥·≈–«“ß·ºπß“π„π·μà≈–‡√◊ËÕߥ⫬„®∑’Ë ß∫π‘Ëß º≈≈—æ∏å∑’ËÕÕ°¡“®–§¡ ™—¥‡®π ‡ÀÁπ·π«∑“ß∑’Ë®–μâÕß ∑”«à“¡’Õ–‰√∫â“ß ·≈â«°Á‰¡à√Ÿâ ÷°°√– —∫°√– à“¬ ª√–°“√ μàÕ¡“§◊Õ ‡¡◊ËÕ‡√“π—Ëß ¡“∏‘·≈–ªØ‘∫—μ‘∏√√¡ ‡√“®–‰¡à§‘¥ «à“§π∑’∑”∏ÿ√°‘®ª√–‡¿∑‡¥’¬«°—π°—∫‡√“π—π‡ªìπ»—μ√Ÿ À√◊Õ Ë È ‡ªìπ§Ÿà·¢àß∑“ß°“√§â“ À≈«ßæàÕ∑à“π Õπ„Àâ‡√“‡¢â“„® ‡√◊ËÕß°Æ·Ààß°√√¡ ‡√◊ËÕß«‘∫“°°√√¡  ‘Ëßμà“ßÊ ∑’ˇ√“208
  • 204. ∑’ˉ¥âªØ‘∫—μ‘∏√√¡æ∫‡®Õ„π™’«‘μ ≈â«π¡’‡Àμÿ¡“®“°°“√°√–∑”„πÕ¥’μ„Àâ‡√“μ—Èß„®∑”·μ৫“¡¥’·≈–‰¡à°àÕ‡«√„¥Ê °—∫„§√‡√“®–¥’°Á¥’¥â«¬∫ÿ≠¢Õ߇√“‡Õß ‡√“®–‰¡à¥’°Á‰¡à¥’¥â«¬°“√°√–∑”¢Õ߇√“‡Õß ‰¡à„™à§Ÿà·¢à߇Փ°√√¡¡“„ à‡√“ À√◊Õ‡√“‡Õ“°√√¡‰ª„ à§Ÿà·¢àß ‡æ√“–©–π—Èπ§”«à“ ç§Ÿà·¢àßé π—Èπ‰¡à¡’ ¡’·μà‡æ◊ËÕπ¡πÿ…¬å√à«¡‚≈° ∑’ˇ«’¬π«à“¬μ“¬‡°‘¥„π —ß “√«—Ø æÕ§‘¥Õ¬à“ßπ’ȉ¥â „®‡√“°Á‰¡à‡§¬‚°√∏‡¢“‡≈¬∂÷ß·¡â«à“‡¢“¡“‚®¡μ’‡√“ ‡√“°Á‰¡à‡§¬‚°√∏ ‡æ√“–§‘¥Õ¬ŸàÕ¬à“߇¥’¬««à“ ∑’ˇ¢“∑”‰ª°Á¥â«¬§«“¡‰¡à√Ÿâ ∂Ⓡ¢“√Ÿâ 209
  • 205. ‡À¡◊Õπ°—∫‡√“ ‡¢“°Á§ß®–‰¡à¡“‚®¡μ’‡√“ ‡æ√“–¡—π‡ªìπ ‡√◊ËÕߢÕß∫ÿ≠°√√¡ ‡ªìπ‡√◊ËÕ߇©æ“–μ—« ·≈–∑’˺¡§‘¥‰¥â Õ¬à“ßπ’È°Á‡æ√“–°“√π—Ëß ¡“∏‘ ‡¡◊ËÕª√– ∫ªí≠À“§√—Èß„À≠à  ‘Ëß·√°∑’˺¡μâÕß∂“¡μ—«‡Õß §◊Õ ù„®‡√“π‘Ëß·≈â«À√◊Õ¬—ßû ∂â“„®¬—߉¡àπ‘Ëß °Á¬—߉¡à§‘¥‡√◊ËÕßß“π  «¥¡πμå‰À«âæ√– π—Ë ß ¡“∏‘°Õπ¥’°«à“ ®π·πà „®«à“„®π‘߉¡à°√– —∫°√– à“¬ à Ë ‰¡à°—ß«≈·≈â« ®÷߇√‘Ë¡§‘¥«à“ ‡√“®–∑”Õ¬à“߉√μàÕ‰ª  ¡—¬ °àÕπæÕªí≠À“¡“∂÷ß°Á§¥∑—π∑’‡≈¬ ·μà«“ ‘ß∑’§¥∑—π∑’ °—∫ ‘ à Ë Ë‘ ‰¡à§¥∑—π∑’π’Ë ·¡âμ“ß°—π§√÷ß«—π°Á·∑∫®–‰¡à·μ°μà“ßÕ–‰√ ‘ à Ë210
  • 206. ‰¡à¡’Õ–‰√∑’ËμâÕ߇ ’¬À“¬¡“°‰ª°«à“π—Èπ ‡æ√“–©–π—Èπ„Àâ„®¢Õ߇√“π‘ËßÊ ‡ ’¬°àÕπ ·≈⫧àÕ¬§‘¥À“∑“ß·°â «‘∏’π’ș૬√—°…“§«“¡ “¡—§§’¢ÕßÀ¡Ÿà§≥–¥â«¬ ‡æ√“–¬“¡„¥∑’Ë„®«â“«ÿàπ æÕ查‰ª·≈â«°Á —∫ π Õ“®∑”„Àâ≈Ÿ°πâÕß∑–‡≈“–°—π‡Õß ‡√“°—∫≈Ÿ°§â“ À√◊Õ°—∫´—ææ≈“¬‡ÕÕ√åÕ“®®–∑–‡≈“–°—π‡Õß ·∑π∑’Ë®–π‘ËßÊ ‡ ’¬°àÕπ·≈⫧‘¥À“∑“ßÕÕ°∑’Ë∑”„Àâ∑ÿ°§π‰¥â¡’ à«π¡“™à«¬°—π ∑ÿ°§π‰¥â‡ªìπºŸâ™π–¥â«¬°—πÀ¡¥ 211
  • 207. À≈«ßæà Õ ∑à “ π‡§¬∫Õ°º¡«à “ ‰¡à ‡ §¬¡’ ªí ≠ ≠“∑’Ë ¥’ ‡°‘¥®“°®‘μ„®∑’Ë«‘μ°°—ß«≈ ¥—ßπ—Èπ‡¡◊ËÕ„¥∑’˺¡√Ÿâμ—««à“ μπ‡ÕßÀ¡°¡ÿπ«ÿ𫓬 —∫ π º¡®–≈◊¡¡—π‰ª ∂â“≈◊¡‰¡à‰¥â à à º¡®–ÕÕ°‰ªπ—ß ¡“∏‘ ÕÕ°‰ª∑”„®„ÀâºÕß„  ∑”„®„Àâ ∫“¬ Ë à ‰¡àÀ¡°¡ÿàπ°—∫ªí≠À“ §‘¥Õ¬ŸàÕ¬à“߇¥’¬««à“ªí≠À“®–Àπ—° ‡æ’¬ß„¥ °Á‰¡à∂÷ß°—∫«à“ ‚≈°®–·μ°‰ª„π«—ππ’ÈÀ√◊Õæ√ÿàßπ’È °“√Ωñ° ¡“∏‘™à«¬„À⺡ “¡“√∂§«∫§ÿ¡Õ“√¡≥åμπ‡Õß ‰¥â ¥’ ‡¡◊Ë Õ μâ Õ ßμ°Õ¬Ÿà „ π ∂“π°“√≥å ∑’Ë ∫’ ∫ §—È π ‡™à π μÕπ∑’‰Ë ª‡®√®“μàÕ√ÕßÀπ’ππ º¡∂Ÿ°‡®â“Àπ’μÕ«à“‡¬Õ–¡“° È —È Èà212
  • 208. ·μà°‰¡à‚μâμÕ∫ º¡¬‘¡Ê ‰¡àæ¥Õ–‰√‡≈¬ ∑”„®‡©¬Ê μ“¡ Á È Ÿ∑’ËÀ≈«ßæàÕ Õπ ‡¢“°Á∫Õ°«à“‡√“‡ªìπ§π ÿ¿“æ Õ¥∑π‡ªìπ≈Ÿ°Àπ’È∑’Ë ÿ¿“æ ‡ªìπ°“√μàÕ√ÕßÀπ’È∑’Ë ÿ¿“æ¡“°¡‘Àπ”´È” ∫“ߧ√—È߇¢“‡ÀÁπ‡√“‰¡à查Ֆ‰√ —°§” ‡Õ“·μ଑ȡլà“߇¥’¬« ‡¢“‰¡à√Ÿâ«à“‡√“§‘¥Õ–‰√ π÷°«à“‡√“‡ªìπ§π©≈“¥≈È”≈÷°¡“° ´÷ߧ«“¡®√‘ß °Á‰¡à‰¥â≈È”≈÷°Õ–‰√‡≈¬ ‡æ√“– ˺¡π÷°∂÷ßÕߧåæ√–Õ¬Ÿà‰¡à‰¥âπ÷°Õ–‰√Õ◊Ëπ ‡¡◊ËÕº¡‡Õ“°“√Ωñ° ¡“∏‘‡¢â“¡“„™â„π™’«‘μ°“√ß“π §«“¡§‘¥„π‡√◊ËÕß°“√∑”ß“πμà“ ßÊ °Á‡ª≈’ˬπ‰ªÀ¡¥  ¡—¬°àÕ𠧑 ¥ √âÕ ¬ 213
  • 209. æŸ ¥≈߉ª‡À≈◊ÕÀâ“ ‘∫ ∑”‰ª‡À≈◊Õ¬’ ∫ ·μàæÕ„®À¬ÿ¥π‘߇©¬ Ë‘ Ë  ∫“¬Ê ·≈â« ∑ÿ°Õ¬à“ß°Á‡ª≈’Ë¬π‰ª §‘¥√âÕ¬ 查ÕÕ°‰ª ‰¥â Õß√âÕ¬ æÕ∑”‰ª‰¥â ’Ë√âÕ¬  ¡—¬°àÕπ«—πÀπ÷ËßÊ º¡¡’ ª√–™ÿ¡ª√–¡“≥ 8 §√—Èß ∫“ß«—ππ—¥∑“π¡◊ÈÕ‡™â“ Õß√Õ∫214
  • 210. §◊Õ‡®Á¥‚¡ßÀπÀπ÷Ëß °—∫·ª¥‚¡ß§√÷ËßÕ’°ÀπÀπ÷Ëß ‡æ√“–ª√–™ÿ¡ Õß√Õ∫ ‡¥’ά«π’È∑”ß“ππâÕ¬≈߉¡à‡Àπ◊ËÕ¬¡“°‡À¡◊Õπ·μà°àÕπ ·μàº≈≈—æ∏å∑’ˉ¥â°≈—∫‡æ‘Ë¡¢÷Èπé 215
  • 211. ∑’Ëπà“∑÷Ëß°Á§◊Õ  ¡“∏‘¬—ߙ૬„À⇰‘¥ ç„π∑’Ëπ’Ⱥ¡¢Õ¬°μ—«Õ¬à“ß —° Õ߇√◊ËÕߧ◊Õ ‡√◊ËÕß‚§√ß°“√ ∫â“π √â“߇ √Á®°àÕπ¢“¬¢Õß∫√‘…—∑ ·≈π¥å ·Õπ¥å ‡Œâ“ å ·≈–‡√◊ËÕß°≈¬ÿ∑∏å√“§“¢Õß∫√‘…—∑‚Œ¡‚ª√ §«“¡§‘¥‡À≈à“ π’ȇªì𧫓¡§‘¥∑’ˇ°‘¥¢÷ÈπÀ≈—ß°“√π—Ëß ¡“∏‘ μÕπ·√°‡≈¬ π—È𧑥‰¡àÕÕ° ·μàÀ≈—ß®“°π—Ëß ¡“∏‘·≈â« ∑”„®«à“ßÊ π÷ ° ∂÷ ߇√◊ËÕß∑’ˇ√“°”≈—ßÀ“∑“ßÕÕ° §”μÕ∫°Áºÿ¥¢÷Èπ‡Õß ªí≠À“∑’ˇ®Õπ—Èπ‡À¡◊ÕπÀ≠⓪“°§Õ° ∑“ß·°â¡—πßà“¬ ‡ ’¬®π‡√“§‘¥‰¡à∂÷ß ¬‘Ë߉¥â≈Õß𔧫“¡§‘¥π—Èπ‰ªªØ‘∫—μ‘ º≈∑’ˉ¥â°Á¥’¬‘Ëß°«à“∑’ˇ√“‰ª ÿ¡À—«‡∂’¬ß°—π„πÀâÕߪ√–™ÿ¡216
  • 212. §«“¡§‘¥√‘‡√‘Ë¡ √â“ß √√§å„À¡àʇªìπ√âÕ¬‡∑à“ Õ¬à“ß‚§√ß°“√ √â“߇ √Á®°àÕπ¢“¬¢Õß∫√‘…∑ —·≈π¥å ·Õπ¥å ‡Œâ“ å π’ˇªìπ‡√◊ËÕß∑’˧‘¥¬—߉߰Á§‘¥‰¡àÕÕ°«—πÀπ÷Ë߇¡◊ËÕπ—Ëß ¡“∏‘‡ √Á® ¡—π°Á·«â∫¢÷Èπ¡“«à“ ‡√“Õ¬Ÿà„π∏ÿ√°‘®π’È¡“ “¡ ‘∫ªï·≈â« ‡ªìπ∏ÿ√°‘®∑’Ëπà“‡∫◊ËÕ ‡æ√“–«à“¡’¢÷Èπ·≈â«°Á¡’≈ß æÕ≈ß∑’‰√‡√“°Á‡Àπ◊ËÕ¬∑ÿ°∑’ ∑”Õ¬à“߉√‡√“®÷ß®– “¡“√∂ºà“πæâπ ¿“«–¢÷πÊ ≈ßÊ ‰ª‰¥â∑°§√—ß È ÿ ȇæ√“–«à“∏ÿ√°‘®π’ȉ¡à‰¥â·¢àß°—π∑’ˇ∑§‚π‚≈¬’·ª≈°„À¡àπ” ¡—¬Õ¬à“߉¡‚§√™‘æ ‡∑§‚π‚≈¬’™’«¿“æ À√◊Õπ“‚π‡∑§‚π‚≈¬’ ∏ÿ √ °‘ ® ‡√“¡’ ‡ ∑§‚π‚≈¬’ Õ ¬à “ ߇¥’ ¬ « §◊ Õ 217
  • 213. °“√°àÕÕ‘∞©“∫ªŸπ ´÷Ëß¡’¡“μ—Èß·μàæ—πªï∑’Ë·≈â« μàÕ„Àâ ‡√“欓¬“¡ √â “ ß √√§å · ∫∫∫â “ π·ª≈°Ê „À¡à Ê æÕ‡√“ √â“߇ √Á®‰¡à‡°‘π —ª¥“Àå §πÕ◊Ëπ°Á≈Õ°‰ª·≈â«  ‘Ëß∑’˺ÿ¥¢÷Èπ¡“®“°°“√π—Ëß ¡“∏‘ §◊Õ ∑”Õ¬à“߉√„Àâ §ÿ≥¿“æ ¡Ë”‡ ¡Õ °Áπ÷°‰ª∂÷ß√∂¬πμå π÷°∂÷ß‚√ßß“π ª√–°Õ∫√∂¬πμå ‡¢“μâÕß∑”√∂„À⇠√Á®°àÕ𠧫∫§ÿ¡ §ÿ≥¿“æ„Àâ‡√’¬∫√âÕ¬°àÕπ·≈â«®÷߇Փ¡“¢“¬ °“√∑’ˇ√“ ‰¡à ∑”Õ¬à “ ßπ—È π ‰ª √â “ ß∫â “ πμ— « Õ¬à “ ß·≈â « √— ∫ ®Õß °Á‡∑à“°—∫‡ªî¥‚Õ°“ „Àâ≈Ÿ°§â“‰ª‡¥‘π„π‚√ßß“π¥Ÿ “¬æ“π218
  • 214. ª√–°Õ∫√∂¬πμå·≈â«∫Õ°«à“ ¢Õ‡ª≈’Ë¬π ’ª√–μŸ‰¥â‰À¡‡ª≈’Ë¬π ’‡∫“–‰¥â‰À¡ Õ¬à“ßπ—Èπ‡√“‰¡à¡’∑“ß √â“ß∫â“π„À⥒‰¥â‡≈¬ º¡®÷ߧ‘¥‰¥â«à“ ∂â“®– √â“ß∫â“π„À⥒ μâÕß √â“ß„À⇠√Á®°àÕπ¢“¬ ‡À¡◊Õπ°—∫‚√ßß“πª√–°Õ∫√∂¬πμ姫“¡§‘¥π’‡È °‘¥¢÷πª√–¡“≥ªï æ.» 2543-2544 æÕ§‘¥‰¥â ÈÕ¬à“ßπ—Èπ º¡°Á‡√’¬°ª√–™ÿ¡æπ—°ß“π√–¥—∫À—«Àπ⓪√–¡“≥ ‘∫§π ∫Õ°§«“¡§‘¥¢Õߺ¡„Àâ∑ÿ°§πøíß«à“μàÕ‰ªπ’Ⱥ¡®– √â“ß∫â“π„À⇠√Á®°àÕπ¢“¬ º¡‰¡à‡Õ“·≈â«√–∫∫‡°à“ „π ‘∫§π‰¡à¡’„§√‡ÀÁπ¥â«¬‡≈¬·¡â·μà§π‡¥’¬« 219
  • 215. §«“¡§‘¥∑’Ëßà“¬Ê Õ¬à“ßπ’È æŸ¥„À⇢“øíß ‰¡à¡’„§√‡ÀÁπ ¥â«¬‡≈¬·¡â·μà§π‡¥’¬« ®πμâÕߢÕ√âÕß°—π„πμÕπμâπ °√–∑—߇¢“‡√‘¡‡™◊Õ ‡¢“°Á‰ªæŸ¥μàÕ„Àâæπ—°ß“πÕ’° 200 §π Ë Ë Ë 500 §πøíß μÕπ·√°‰¡à¡„§√‡™◊Õ‡≈¬«à“«‘∏π®–‰¥âº≈ ‡¢“ ’ Ë ’ ’È ‰¡àÕ¬“°∑”°—π ‡π◊ËÕß®“°∑’Ë∫√‘…—∑º¡π—Èπ‡√“∑”ß“π§àÕπ ¢â“ßÕ‘ √–æÕ ¡§«√ ¡’°“√°√–®“¬Õ”π“®„Àâæπ—°ß“π ·μà≈–§π “¡“√∂¥Ÿ·≈‡√◊Õß°“√‡ß‘π¢Õßμπ‡Õß  “¡“√∂ Ë μ—¥ ‘π„®‡√◊ËÕß´◊ÈÕ∑’ˇÕ߉¥â °“√∑’Ë∫√‘…—∑¡’°”‰√‡¢“°Á‰¥â º≈ª√–‚¬™πå¥â«¬ ‡¢“‡ªìπÀà«ß«à“∂â“∑”μ“¡§«“¡§‘¥220
  • 216. ¢Õߺ¡·≈â«Õ“®‡ ’¬À“¬ ‡¢“°Á‰¡àÕ¬“°∑”°—π æÕ¡“∫Õ°æπ—°ß“π„Àâ∑”Õ¬à“ßπ—Èπ°Á¬“°¡“°  ‘Ëß∑’ˬ“°∑’Ë ÿ¥§◊Õ‡ª≈’¬π§«“¡§‘¥·≈–‡ª≈’¬πæƒμ‘°√√¡¢Õߧπ Õ¬à“߉√°Á¥’ Ë Ë‡¡◊ËÕ‡«≈“ºà“π‰ª º≈≈—æ∏å°Á‡√‘Ë¡ª√“°Ø„Àâ∑ÿ°§π‡ÀÁπ‚§√ß°“√π’™«¬æ≈‘°«‘°ƒμ¢Õß∫√‘…∑ ·≈π¥å ·Õπ¥å ‡Œâ“ å Èà —®“°∑’ˇ§¬¢“¥∑ÿπªïÀπ÷Ëß ’ËÀâ“æ—π≈â“π °Á§àÕ¬Ê °”‰√¢÷Èπ¡“‚¥¬ªï∑‡’Ë √“°”‰√¥’∑ ¥ §◊Õªï æ.». 2546 °”‰√ Ÿß∂÷ßÀ°æ—π≈â“π ’Ë ÿ´÷Ë߉¡à‡§¬°”‰√‡¬Õ–¢π“¥π’È¡“°àÕπ ªïπ’ȇªìπªï∑’˺¡‰¥â‡ß‘πªíπº≈¡“ Õßæ—π≈â“π ‡Õ“‰ª„™âÀπ’ȉ¥â —°§√÷ËßÀπ÷Ëß 221
  • 217.  à«πÀπ÷Ëß°Á‡Õ“¡“∑”∫ÿ≠ Õ’°Õ¬à“߇«≈“∑’˺¡∑”°“√§â“ º¡‰¡à‰¥âπ÷°‡√◊ËÕߢ“¬∫â“π‡æ’¬ßÕ¬à“߇¥’¬« º¡§‘¥‡ ’¬«à“  √â “ ß ∂“π∑’Ë  — ª ª“¬– „Àâ °— ∫ °— ≈ ¬“≥¡‘ μ √∑—È ß À≈“¬ ‰¥â ¡ “Õ¬Ÿà √à « ¡°— π Õ¬à “ ß ß∫·≈–√à ¡ ‡¬Á 𠇪ì π  ÿ ¢ ‡«≈“∑’Ë √â“ßÀ¡Ÿà∫â“π·≈–Õ“§“√ ”π—°ß“π°ÁÕ∏‘…∞“π«à“222
  • 218. ¢Õ„Àâ°≈¬“≥¡‘μ√À√◊Õ«à“‡æ◊Õπ√à«¡‚≈°∑’®–¡“Õ“»—¬Õ¬Ÿπ’È — Ë Ë à∑”·μà  ‘Ë ß ∑’Ë ‡ ªì π °ÿ » ≈°√√¡ Õ–‰√∑’Ë ‰ ¡à „ ™à °ÿ » ≈°√√¡°Á¢Õ„ÀâÕ¬à“‰¥â∑” ‡æ√“–©–π—Èπ«‘∏’§‘¥¢Õߺ¡ ‰¡à„™à‡æ’¬ß·§à‡√◊ËÕß°”‰√¢“¥∑ÿπ º¡§‘¥Õ¬“°®–„Àâ‡æ◊ËÕπ¡πÿ…¬å‰¥â‡¢â“∂÷ß∏√√¡–°—π¡“°¢÷Èπ¥â«¬ ‘Ëß∑’Ë √â“߉ªé 223
  • 219. 224
  • 220. 225
  • 221. πÕ°®“°π’ȧÿ≥Õπ—πμå ¬—߇ªìπºŸâ∫√‘À“√ ¢Õß∫√‘…—∑‚Œ¡‚ª√ ç„π™à«ßªï æ.». 2540 ‡√“¡’‚Œ¡‚ª√Õ¬Ÿà 3  “¢“ º¡Õ¬“° ¢¬“¬ “¢“‡æ‘Ë¡·μà°Áμ‘¥∑’Ë«à“ ∑”°”‰√‰¥âπâÕ¬ ®π°√–∑—Ëß «—πÀπ÷Ëß À≈—ß®“°π—Ëß ¡“∏‘·≈â« º¡°Á‰¥â§«“¡§‘¥¢÷Èπ¡“ ®÷߇¢â“‰ª§ÿ¬°—∫ºŸâ®—¥°“√«à“ ‡√“¢¬“¬ “¢“„Àâ‡√Á«°«à“π’È ‰¡à‰¥â·≈â«À√◊Õ ‡¢“°Á∫Õ° ù‡Œ’¬ ¡—𰔉√πâÕ¬ ¢¬“¬¬“° ‡æ√“–‡√“¡’°”‰√·§àÀπ÷Ë߇ªÕ√凴Áπμå‡∑à“π—Èπ‡Õß ∂â“¢“¬ ‰¥âª≈–æ—π≈â“π °Á®–‰¥â°”‰√ ‘∫≈â“π∫“∑‡∑à“π—πû ‡π◊Õß®“° ï È Ë ∑” Low Price Every Day (√“§“∂Ÿ°∑ÿ°«—π) º¡°Á∂“¡ ù¢Õ‚∑…®√‘ßÊ Õ¬à“À“«à“º¡‚ßà‡≈¬ ∑”‰¡μâÕß Low Price Every Day ‡æ√“–®√‘ßÊ ·≈â« ‡√“‰¡à¡’§Ÿà·¢à߇≈¬π– ‡√“‡ªìπ Convenient Store (√â“π –¥«°´◊ÈÕ) ‰¡à „™à226
  • 222. ´÷Ëߪ√– ∫§«“¡ ”‡√Á®¥â«¬ ç ¡“∏‘éDiscount Store (√â“π¢“¬ ‘π§â“≈¥√“§“) ‡√“‡ªìπ√â“π –¥«°´◊ÈÕ §ÿ≥¡“´◊ÈÕ∑’ˇ√“‰¥â§√∫À¡¥∑ÿ°Õ¬à“ß·μà‡√“‰¡à‡§¬∫Õ°«à“√â“π‡√“∂Ÿ°∑’Ë ÿ¥ ‡√“ “¡“√∂¢“¬√“§“„°≈⇧’¬ß°—∫§Ÿà·¢àßÀ√◊Õ·æß°«à“π‘¥ÀπàÕ¬ ·μà≈Ÿ°§â“ –¥«° ¡“·≈⫉¥â§√∫∑ÿ°Õ¬à“ß ∑“ߺŸâ®—¥°“√„À≠à®÷ß„Àâ§πª≈¥ªÑ“¬ Low Price Every Day ÕÕ°√«¡∑—ߪ√—∫ ‘π§â“„À⡧«“¡À≈“°À≈“¬ ¡’„Àâ‡≈◊Õ°¡“°¢÷π È ’ È®“°π—Èπ‚Œ¡‚ª√°Á∑”°”‰√¡“°¢÷Èπ‡ªìπ 3-4 % ‡∑à“°—∫¡“°¢÷Èπ 3-4 ‡∑à“ ·≈–¡’∂÷ß 29  “¢“„πªí®®ÿ∫—π ·≈–¡’‚§√ß°“√®–¢¬“¬‡æ‘Ë¡Õ’°„πªï∂—¥Ê ‰ªé 227
  • 223. ∏ÿ√°‘® °—∫®‘μ„®‰ª¥â«¬°—π ç„π™à«ß«‘°ƒμ‘μà“ßÊ ∑’˺à“π¡“  ‘Ëß∑’˺¡μ√–Àπ—°Õ¬Ÿà ‡ ¡Õ°Á§Õ º¡ “¡“√∂·°â‰¢ ‘߇À≈à“π—π‰¥â¥«¬ ¡“∏‘ ·≈– ◊ Ë È â  ‘Ëß∑’Ë¡Õ߇ÀÁπ°Á§◊Õ ‡«≈“∑’Ë‚¥π¡√ ÿ¡μà“ßÊ §π„°≈âμ—« √«¡∑—ßæπ—°ß“π„π∫√‘…∑°Á‰¥â√∫º≈°√–∑∫‰ª¥â«¬ ‡À¡◊Õπ È — — ‡√“Õ¬Ÿà∫π‡√◊Õ≈”‡¥’¬«°—π ‡√“‡º™‘≠°—∫ªí≠À“·≈–√à«¡ ΩÉ“øíπ‰ªæ√âÕ¡Ê °—π º¡®÷ߧ‘¥«à“ πÕ°®“°‡√“®–Ωñ°  ¡“∏‘¥â«¬μ—«‡Õß·≈â« ∑ÿ°§π§«√¡’‚Õ°“ ‰¥âπ—Ëß ¡“∏‘ √à«¡°—π¥â«¬ º¡®÷߉¥â®—¥ªØ‘∫—μ‘∏√√¡„Àâ°—∫æπ—°ß“π ∑’Ë Õ “§“√ ”π— ° ß“π‡ªì π ª√–®”∑ÿ °  — ª ¥“Àå π‘ ¡ πμå228
  • 224. §◊Õ√“ß«—≈∑’Ë¡Õ∫„Àâ°—∫μπ‡Õß·≈–ºŸâ√à«¡ß“πæ√–Õ“®“√¬å¡“‡∑»πå Õπ π”π—Ëß ¡“∏‘ √«¡∑—Èß®—¥„Àâ¡’°“√ªØ‘∫μ∏√√¡πÕ° ∂“π∑’·∑π°“√ —¡¡π“μà“ßÊ ‡æ◊Õ —‘ Ë Ë„Àâ∑°§π¡’®μ„®∑’ºÕß„  º¡¡—°®–∫Õ°°—∫∑’¡ß“π‡ ¡Õ«à“ ÿ ‘ Ëàùπ—Ëß ¡“∏‘π’Ë¥’π–§√—∫ ∑”„Àâ„®‡√“ºàÕß„  ‡æ√“–·¡â·μà√à“ß°“¬‡√“¬—ßμâÕßÕ“∫πÈ”∑ÿ°«—π ‰¡àÕ“∫·§à‰¡à°’Ë«—π°Á∑π‰¡à‰À«·≈â« „®‡√“°Á‡À¡◊Õπ°—π ‡√“ – ¡‡√◊ËÕß√“«μà“ßÊÀ¡—°À¡¡¡“¡“°¡“¬ ∑—ß∑–‡≈“–°—∫∑“ß∫â“π∫â“ß ¡’ª≠À“ È í‡√◊ËÕßß“π ≈Ÿ°πâÕß∑”ß“π‰¡à∑—π„® ∑ÿ°Õ¬à“ß¡—πμ‘¥Õ¬Ÿà„π„®‡√“À¡¥ æÕ‡√“‰¡à‰¥â≈â“ß„® „®°Á¥âÕ¬ª√– ‘∑∏‘¿“æ 229
  • 225. ∂Ⓡ√“‰¥â≈â“ß„®∫â“ß ‡√“®–¡’§«“¡ ÿ¢·≈–∑”ß“π‰¥â Õ¬à“ß¡’ª√– ‘∑∏‘º≈û ·μà°àÕπ‡√“°Á‡§¬®—¥·μà —¡¡π“°—𠇪ìπª√–®” ‰¡à«à“‡√◊ËÕß°“√¢“¬ ‡√◊ËÕß°“√μ≈“¥ ®—¥‡≈’È¬ß  —ß √√§åÕ–‰√μà“ßÊ ·μàæÕ∂÷߇«≈“‡°‘¥«‘°ƒμ®√‘ßÊ ·≈â« ‡√“°Á√Ÿâ‡≈¬«à“ ù ‘Ëß∑’˙૬‰¥â®√‘ßÊ §◊Õ∏√√¡–·≈–∫ÿ≠û º¡Õ¬“°μÕ∫·∑π∑ÿ°§π∑’Ë√à«¡ß“π°—∫º¡¥â«¬°“√¡Õ∫  ‘Ëß∑’Ë¥’∑’Ë ÿ¥ §◊Õ °“√„Àâ√Ÿâ®—°∏√√¡– √Ÿâ®—°∫ÿ≠·≈–π—Ëß ¡“∏‘ º¡‡™◊Ë Õ «à “  ‘Ë ß π’È ‡ Õß∑’Ë ∑”„Àâ ∫ √‘ …— ∑ ¢Õ߇√“ª√– ∫ §«“¡ ”‡√Á®§«∫§Ÿà°—π‰ª∑—Èߥâ“π∏ÿ√°‘®·≈–®‘μ„®§√—∫é230
  • 226. „π™à«ß™’«‘μ¢Õß·μà≈–§π μà“ß°Áæ∫∑—È߇√◊ËÕߥ’·≈–√⓬ ≈—∫°—π‰ª §«“¡≈⡇À≈«°—∫§«“¡ ”‡√Á®À“‚Õ°“ ‡¢â“¡“¬÷¥æ◊Èπ∑’Ë„π„®‡√“‡ ¡Õ §ÿ≥Õπ—πμ剥â„Àâ¢âÕ§‘¥‡°’ˬ«°—∫‡√◊ËÕßπ’È«à“ç¡πÿ…¬å∑ÿ°§π®–μâÕ߇®Õ∑—È߇√◊ËÕߥ’·≈–‡√◊ËÕ߉¡à¥’§≈–°—π‰ª º¡Õ¬“°®–Ω“°‰«â«à“ ‰¡à«à“∑à“πμâÕ߇®Õ°—∫Õ–‰√ Õ¬à“‰ª°—ß«≈π–§√—∫ ∑”„®„Àâ„ ·≈–π—Ëß ¡“∏‘ ‡¡◊Õ„®‡√“ ∫“¬·≈â« ®–∑”„Àâ‡√◊Õß„À≠à°≈“¬‡ªìπ Ë Ë‡√◊Õ߇≈Á°‰ªÀ¡¥ ·≈â« ‘ßμà“ßÊ ®–§àÕ¬Ê ¥’¢π‡Õßé ∂â“∑” Ë Ë ÷ÈÕ¬à“ߧÿ≥Õπ—πμå §ÿ≥®–√«¬Õπ—πμå·≈–‡ªìπºŸ™π–„π∑’ ¥! â Ëÿ 231
  • 227. 232
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  • 229. çæ’Ë„À≠àé æ’Ë™“¬„®¥’¢ÕßπâÕßÊ ‚§√ß°“√ ”π÷°√—°∫â“π‡°‘¥∑—Ë«ª√–‡∑» ∫ÿ≠™—¬ ‡∫≠®√ߧ°ÿ≈234
  • 230. ª√–∏“π°√√¡°“√∫√‘…—∑‚∑‡∑‘≈ ·Õ§‡´  §Õ¡¡Ÿπ‘‡§™—Ëπ®”°—¥ (¡À“™π) À√◊Õ ¥’·∑§ ·¡â®–‡ªìππ—°∏ÿ√°‘®¥â“π°“√ ◊ËÕ “√¬—°…å„À≠à „π√–¥—∫·π«Àπâ“¢Õߪ√–‡∑»·μà‡¢“°Á√—°»‘≈ª–‡ªìπ™’«‘μ®‘μ„®  ‘Ëß∑’Ëπà“ π„®„πμ—«‡¢“°Á‰¡àμà“ß®“°ß“π»‘≈ª–Õ—π≈È”§à“‡™àπ°—π π—Ëπ§◊Õ ù»‘≈ª–°“√¥”‡π‘π™’«‘μû ™’«‘μ¢ÕßÀ≈“¬§π‡√‘Ë¡μâπ®“°»Ÿπ¬å·μà ùæ’Ë„À≠àû §ππ’ȇ√‘Ë¡μâπ®“°μ‘¥≈∫ μ—«∫«°¢Õß™’«‘μ∑’Ë™“¬§ππ’Èπ÷°∂÷߉¡à„™à‡°àßÀ√◊Õ‡Œß ·μà‡¢“π÷°∂÷ß ù∫ÿ≠û 235
  • 231. ™’«‘μ∑’ˇ√’¬π√Ÿâ ®“°§«“¡‰¡à·πàπÕπ 纡‰¥â‡√’¬π√Ÿâ‡√◊ËÕߧ«“¡‰¡à·πàπÕπ¢Õß™’«‘μ¥â«¬μ—«‡Õß ¡“À≈“¬§√—ÈßÀ≈“¬§√“ μÕπÕ“¬ÿ 13 ªï §ÿ≥·¡à —Ëß„Àâ º¡‰ª°— ∫ §ÿ ≥ πâ “ ‡æ◊Ë Õ μ“¡À“»æ§ÿ ≥ ªÑ “ „πÀâ Õ ß‡°Á ∫ »æ ¢Õß‚√ß欓∫“≈μ”√«® À“∑—ߧ◊π°Á‰¡àæ∫®π°√–∑—ß 5 «—π È Ë À≈—ß®“°π—Èπ ®÷߉¥âæ∫√à“ߢÕß∑à“π∂Ÿ°¡—¥¡◊Õ¡—¥‡∑â“ Õ¬Ÿ°∫‡™◊Õ° ¡Õ¢Õ߇√◊Õ¢π¢Õß„π·¡àπÈ”‡®â“æ√–¬“ μàÕ¡“ à— ∫ÿ§§≈∑’˺¡√—°¡“°∑à“πÀπ÷Ëߧ◊Õ §ÿ≥Õ“ ÿ®‘μμå πâÕß™“¬ ¢Õߧÿ≥æàÕ°Á¡“¥à«π®“°‰ªÕ¬à“ß°–∑—πÀ—π ¥â«¬‡Àμÿ∑’Ë ∑à“π‰ª·§–ÀŸ∑’Ë√â“πμ—¥º¡·≈â«ÀŸÕ°‡ ∫®÷߉ª‚√ß欓∫“≈ —236
  • 232.  Ÿà«‘∂’·Ààßπ—° Ÿâ„ÀâÀ¡Õ√—°…“ À≈—ß°“√μ√«®À¡Õ·®âß«à“ “¡“√∂ÕÕ°®“°‚√ß欓∫“≈‰¥â „ πμÕπ‡¬Á π ·μà ª √“°Ø«à “  “¡∑ÿà ¡¢Õß«—π‡¥’¬«°—π ∑à“π°Á‡ ’¬™’«‘μ‡æ√“–‰«√— «‘Ëߢ÷Èπ ¡Õßπâ“æ‘æ≤πå πâÕß™“¬§ÿ≥·¡à°‡ ’¬™’«μμ—ß·μàÕ“¬ÿ¬ß‰¡à¡“° — Á ‘ È —‡æ√“–√—∫ª√–∑“𬓷°âÀ«—¥™π‘¥·√ß ∑”„À⬓∫’∫À—«„®·≈–À—«„®«“¬‡ ’¬™’«‘μ„π√∂欓∫“≈μ—Èß·μàÕ“¬ÿ¬—߉¡à∂÷ß53 ªï Àÿâπ à«π¢Õߺ¡§πÀπ÷Ëß Õ“¬ÿÀà“ß°—∫º¡ ‘∫°«à“ªï‡√“ π‘∑°—π¡“° ‡¥‘π∑“߉ªμà“ߪ√–‡∑»¥â«¬°—π∫àլʫ— π Àπ÷Ë ß ‡¢“‚∑√»— æ ∑å ¡ “À“º¡ ·≈â « ∫Õ°«à “ °≈ÿâ ¡ „® 237
  • 233. Õ¬“°øí߇√◊ËÕߢ”Ê Õ¬à“ß∑’˺¡™Õ∫‡≈à“„À⇢“øíß∫àÕ¬Ê À≈—ß®“°øíߺ¡‡≈à“·≈â« ‡¢“°ÁÀ—«‡√“–∑âÕߧ—¥∑âÕß·¢Áß ·≈â«°≈à“«¢Õ∫§ÿ≥ ·≈–‡√◊ËÕß‚®ä°„π«—ππ—Èπ°Á‡ªìπ‡√◊ËÕß  ÿ¥∑⓬∑’˺¡¡’‚Õ°“ ‡≈à“„Àâøíß ‡æ√“–Õ’°™—Ë«‚¡ßμàÕ¡“ ‡≈¢“œ‚∑√¡“∫Õ°«à“ ù∑à“π‡ ’¬™’«‘μ·≈⫥⫬Փ°“√À—«„® «“¬‡©’¬∫æ≈—πÀπⓇ§√◊ËÕߧա摫‡μÕ√åû º¡°Á™à«¬À“ ‚√ß欓∫“≈ ‡æ◊ËÕ·™à»æ„Àâ„π∫à“¬«—ππ—Èπ‡Õß ‡Àμÿ°“√≥å ‡À≈à “ π’È ∑”„Àâ º ¡μ√–Àπ— ° „πÕπ‘ ® ®— ß §◊ Õ §«“¡‰¡à ‡ ∑’Ë ¬ ß ¢Õß —ߢ“√¢÷Èπ¡“Õ¬à“߬‘Ë߬«¥ ‡æ√“–Àÿâπ à«π§ππ’È π—∫‡ªìπ»æ∑’Ë 6 ∑’˺¡¡’‚Õ°“ ‰¥â®—∫μâÕß·≈–·μàßμ—«„Àâ §«“¡‰¡à·πàπÕπ¢Õß™’«‘쉥â„Àâ∫∑‡√’¬π§√—È߬‘Ëß„À≠à°—∫ º¡Õ’°§√—Èß ·¡âº¡æÕ®–¡’‡«≈“∑”„®Õ¬Ÿà∫â“ß ·μà¿“√–238
  • 234. Õ—πÀπ—°Õ÷Èßμà“ßÊ ∑’˺¡μâÕß·∫°√—∫À≈—ß®“°π—Èπ¥Ÿ®–‡√Á«‡°‘π‰ª ”À√—∫º¡ π—Ëπ§◊Õ°“√®“°‰ªÕ¬à“߉¡à¡’«—π°≈—∫¢Õߧÿ≥æàÕ μÕππ—Èπº¡¡’Õ“¬ÿ‡æ’¬ß 27 ªï ‡æ‘Ëß®–‡√’¬π√Ÿâ ™’ «‘ μ °“√∑”ß“π®“°§ÿ ≥ æà Õ ‰¥â ‰ ¡à π “π ‡¡◊Ë Õ ∑à “ π‡ ’¬™’«‘μ·≈⫺¡μâÕ߇¢â“¡“√—∫º‘¥™Õ∫Àπ’È∑“ß°“√§â“¡Ÿ≈§à“°«à“ 300 ≈â“π∫“∑ ¬—߉¡àπ—∫§¥’§«“¡∑“ß∏ÿ√°‘®∑’ˇ ’ˬßμàÕ°“√μâÕߧ¥’Õ“≠“Õ’°°«à“ 10 §¥’ √«¡∂÷ߧ¥’∑’ËøÑÕß√âÕß°—∫Àÿâπ à«π¢Õߧÿ≥æàÕ ´÷ËßμàÕ¡“º¡°—∫πâÕß “«‰¥â„™âÀ≈—° —ߧÀ«—μ∂ÿ 4 ¢âÕ∑’Ë«à“¥â«¬ ùªî¬«“®“û ‡®√®“¥â«¬§«“¡‰æ‡√“–πÕ∫πâÕ¡∂àÕ¡μπ ª√–π’ª√–πÕ¡®π°√–∑—ßÀÿπ à«π¢Õߧÿ≥æàÕ‰¥â‡¡μμ“∂ÕπøÑÕß®πÀ¡¥ ‘πé Ë â È 239
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  • 237.  ŸâÊ ç°àÕπ§ÿ≥æàÕ®–‡ ’¬™’«‘μª√–¡“≥ 2-3 ‡¥◊Õπ º¡¡—°®– ¢÷È π ‰ª∫πμ÷ ° „À≠à ∑’Ë §ÿ ≥ æà Õ πÕπæ— ° √— ° …“μ— « ∑ÿ ° «— π ‡æ◊ËÕ¥Ÿ·≈°“√√—∫ª√–∑“πÕ“À“√¢Õß∑à“π ·≈–øíß∑à“π  —Ëßß“πμà“ßÊ  ‘ËßÀπ÷Ëß∑’Ë∑à“π —Ë߉«â‡ ¡Õ §◊ÕμâÕßμ—Èß„® ∑”ß“π¥â « ¬§«“¡ ÿ ® √‘ μ ¥Ÿ · ≈·¡à · ≈–πâ Õ ßÊ „Àâ ¥’ ‡À¡◊Õπ∑’ËæàÕ¥Ÿ·≈ ·≈â«„π§◊ππ—Èπ°àÕπ∑’˧ÿ≥æàÕ®–®“°‰ª º¡‰¥â‡ÀÁππÈ”μ“¢Õߧÿ≥·¡à‡ªìπ§√—Èß·√° º¡‡¢â“„® §«“¡√Ÿâ ÷°¥’«à“ ∑à“π‡ ’¬„®¡“°·§à‰Àπ ‡æ√“–∑à“π‡ªìπ §Ÿà∑ÿ°¢å§Ÿà¬“°ΩÉ“øíπªí≠À“  √â“ߧ«“¡‡ªìπªñ°·ºàπ¢Õß242
  • 238. π–∫ÿ≠™—¬§√Õ∫§√— « ¥â « ¬§«“¡¢¬— π ¢— π ·¢Á ß ¡“‚¥¬μ≈Õ¥ ·¡â‡ÀπÁ ¥ ‡Àπ◊Ë Õ ¬À√◊ Õ ¬“°≈”∫“°·§à ‰ Àπ∑à “ π‰¡à ‡ §¬∫à π¥—ßπ—Èπ„π«—ππ’ȇ¡◊ËÕ§ÿ≥æàÕ‰¡àÕ¬Ÿà·≈â« º¡°Á√Ÿâ‚¥¬∑—π∑’«à“º¡®–μâÕ߇ªìπÀ≈—°„Àâ§√Õ∫§√—«„À≥â πÕ°®“°∏ÿ√°‘®∑’ËμâÕß√—∫º‘¥™Õ∫·≈â« º¡®–μâÕߥŸ·≈§ÿ≥·¡à·≈–πâÕßÊ·∑π§ÿ≥æàÕ ‰¡à«à“®–Àπ—°Àπ“ “À—  —°‡æ’¬ß„¥°Áμ“¡„π«—π∑’§≥æàÕ‡ ’¬™’«μ §ÿ≥·¡à‰¥â∫Õ°°—∫º¡«à“ ù ŸÊ π– Ëÿ ‘ â∫ÿ≠™—¬û ·≈–∑à“π°Á∫Õ°°—∫º¡‡™àππ’È∑ÿ°‡™â“ μ≈Õ¥√–¬–‡«≈“ 7 ªï ®π‡√“ª≈¥Àπ’ȉ¥âÀ¡¥ ´÷Ëߺ¡°Á∫Õ°μ—«‡Õß«à“ 243
  • 239. ù§ÿ≥·¡à§√—∫ º¡®– Ÿâ... ≈⡉¥â°Á≈ÿ°‰¥â ™’«‘μ‰¡à ‘Èπ°ÁμâÕߥ‘Èπ °—πμàÕ‰ªû μÕππ—Èπº¡∂÷ß°—∫≈⡪ɫ¬≈ߥ⫬‚√§‰«√— μ—∫ Õ—°‡ ∫ ·≈–‡¡◊ÕÀ“¬ªÉ«¬·≈â« º¡°Á‚À¡∑”ß“πÕ¬à“ßÀπ—° Ë ‰¡àπ“πμàÕ¡“°Á§àÕ¬Ê §≈’˧≈“¬«‘°ƒμμà“ßÊ ‰ª‰¥â¥â«¬ §«“¡¥’¢Õߧÿ≥æàÕ ‡æ√“– ¡—¬μÕπ∑à“π¬—ß¡’™’«‘μÕ¬Ÿàπ—Èπ ∑à“π∑”°“√§â“‚¥¬¬÷¥∂◊Õ§«“¡´◊Õ —μ¬å μ√߉ªμ√ß¡“ ·≈– Ë ‰¡à‡§¬‡Õ“‡ª√’¬∫„§√ Õ“π‘ ß åπ—Èπ®÷ßμ°¡“∂÷ߺ¡¥â«¬ ∑”„Àâ¡’ºŸâÀ≈—°ºŸâ„À≠à„À⧫“¡‡¡μμ“ ®π°√–∑—ËßμàÕ¡“º¡  “¡“√∂¢¬—∫¢¬“¬∏ÿ√°‘®¢Õߧ√Õ∫§√—«‰ª‰¥â‰°≈°«à“‡¥‘¡244
  • 240. μ√–°Ÿ≈‡∫≠®√ߧ°ÿ≈®÷߇ªìπªñ°·ºàπ¡—Ëß¡’‡ß‘π∑Õß·≈–∑√—æ¬å ‘πÀ≈“¬À¡◊Ëπ≈â“π∫“∑ «‘°ƒμ°“√≥å§√—Èßπ—ÈππÕ°®“°∑”„À⺡‰¥â‡√’¬π√Ÿâ™’«‘μ„π¥â“πμà“ßÊ ·≈⫬—ß∑”„À⺡‰¥â„°≈♑¥°—∫§ÿ≥·¡à¡“°¢÷Èπ¥â«¬ ª°μ‘·≈⫺¡‰¡à§àÕ¬‰¥â„°≈♑¥∑à“ππ—° ‡æ√“–√Ÿâ ÷°«à“∑à“π¥ÿ ·μà‡¡◊ËÕ§ÿ≥æàÕ®“°‰ª º¡®÷ß¡’‚Õ°“ ª√ππ‘∫—μ‘¥Ÿ·≈∑à“π¡“°¢÷Èπ º¡π—Ëß√—∫ª√–∑“π¢â“«‡ªìπ‡æ◊ËÕπ∑à“ππ“π∂÷ß13 ªï ∑—Èß¡◊ÈÕ‡™â“ ¡◊ÈÕ‡∑’Ë¬ß ¡◊ÈÕ‡¬Áπ ∂÷ß·¡â®–¡’π—¥°—∫≈Ÿ°§â“º¡°ÁμâÕß√à«¡√—∫ª√–∑“πÕ“À“√‡¬Áπ°—∫∑à“π°àÕπ 245
  • 241. ·≈â«®÷ßÕÕ°‰ª∑”∏ÿ√–¥â«¬§«“¡ ∫“¬„® ‡æ√“–¡—Ëπ„®«à“ ∑à“π‰¥â√—∫ª√–∑“πÕ“À“√·≈â« ∫“ߧ√“«‡«≈“‡¥‘π∑“ß ‰ªμà“ߪ√–‡∑»¥â«¬°—π º¡®–¢ÕπÕπÀπÿπμ—°§ÿ≥·¡à ·√°Ê ∑à“π°ÁªØ‘‡ ∏‡æ√“–‰¡à§ÿâπ°—∫°“√· ¥ß§«“¡√—° ·∫∫π’È ·μà„π∑’Ë ÿ¥∑à“π°Á¬Õ¡ ¡’Õ¬Ÿà§√—ÈßÀπ÷Ëߺ¡πÕπ Àπÿπμ—°§ÿ≥·¡à·≈–∂“¡∑à“π«à“ ∑”‰¡μÕπ‡ªìπ‡¥Á°®÷ß ™Õ∫≈ß‚∑…·μມ§π‡¥’¬« ∑à“π°Á μÕ∫«à“ ù∂Ⓣ¡àμ’ ∫ÿ≠™—¬·≈â« ∫ÿ≠™—¬®–‡°àßÕ¬à“ßπ’ÈÀ√◊Õû À≈—ß®“°π—Èπº¡°Á246
  • 242. ‰¡à‰¥â π∑π“„π‡√◊ËÕßπ’ÈÕ’°‡≈¬ §ÿ≥·¡à‡ªìπ§π„®∫ÿ≠·≈–√—°°“√ √â“ß°ÿ»≈ ‡ß‘π∑Õß∑’‡Ë √“À“¡“·∫àß°—π·¡à≈° 5 §π Ÿ∑à“π°Á‡Õ“‰ª∑”∫ÿ≠À¡¥ ®”‰¥â«“™à«ß 2 ªï ¥∑⓬¢Õß™’«μ à ÿ ‘∑à“π¢Õ√âÕßæ«°‡√“«à“Õ¬à“´◊ÈÕÕ–‰√„Àâ∑à“πÕ’° ¢Õ‡ªìπ‡ß‘π‰ª∑”∫ÿ≠·∑π ‡¡◊ËÕæ«°‡√“μÕ∫«à“ ù‰¥âû ∑à“π°Á∂“¡μàÕ«à“ ù‰¥â‡∑à“‰√?û æ«°‡√“®÷ßμÕ∫«à“ ù‡∑à“‰√°Á®–À“¡“„À≥âûº¡¬—ß®¥®”√Õ¬¬‘È¡·≈– “¬μ“∑’Ë¡’§«“¡ ÿ¢¢Õߧÿ≥·¡à‰¥â¥’À≈—ß®“°‰¥â¬‘π§”μÕ∫¢Õßæ«°‡√“æ’ËπâÕß„π«—ππ—Èπé 247
  • 243. 248
  • 244. 249
  • 245. ‡¡◊ËÕ™’«‘μ ç‡æ√“–§ÿ≥æàÕ§ÿ≥·¡à¢Õߺ¡‰¥âª≈Ÿ°Ωíß„π‡√◊ËÕߢÕß∫ÿ≠ ‡ ¡Õ¡“ ‚¥¬®–擇¢â “ «— ¥ ∑”∫ÿ ≠ „π«— π  ”§— ≠ ∑“ß æ√–æÿ∑∏»“ π“·≈–«—π‡ “√å«—πÕ“∑‘μ¬å μ—Èß·μàæ«°‡√“ Õ“¬ÿ¬—߉¡à∂÷ß 10 ¢«∫ ‡Àμÿπ’È®÷ß∑”„À⺡¡’§«“¡§‘¥Õ¬“° ∫«™‡æ◊ËÕÕÿ∑‘»º≈∫ÿ≠°ÿ»≈„Àâ§ÿ≥æàÕ„πªï æ.». 2526 ·≈– ∫«™Õ’°§√—ß„πªï æ.». 2537 ‡æ◊ÕÕÿ∑» à«π°ÿ»≈„Àâ§≥·¡à È Ë ‘ ÿ º¡∫«™∑’«¥‡∫≠®¡∫æ‘μ√∑—ß Õߧ√—ß ·μà≈–§√—ß·¡â®–‡ªìπ Ë— È È È ‡«≈“ —ÈπÊ ‡æ’¬ß 30 «—π ·μມ°Á„™â‡«≈“„π‡æ» ¡≥– Õ¬à“ߧÿâ¡§à“ ¡ÿàߪؑ∫—μ‘∏√√¡ ‡®√‘≠ ¡“∏‘¿“«π“‡ªìπÀ≈—°250
  • 246. ¡’∫ÿ≠π”∑“ß´÷Ëß°àÕπÀπâ“π’ÈπâÕß “«¢Õߺ¡ §◊Õ «√√≥“ ®‘√°‘μ‘(‡∫≠®√ߧ°ÿ≈) ‰¥â‡ªìπ°—≈¬“≥¡‘μ√„À⺡¡“√Ÿâ®—°°—∫«—¥æ√–∏√√¡°“¬ ·≈–π—∫®“°«—π·√°∑’º¡‰ª«—¥æ√–∏√√¡°“¬ ˇ¡◊Õªï æ.». 2525 ∑”„À⺡¡’§«“¡√Ÿ °«à“ ‰¥âæ∫°—∫∏√√¡– Ë â÷¢Õßæ√– —¡¡“ —¡æÿ∑∏‡®â“∑’Ë∫√‘ ÿ∑∏‘Ï ‰¡à‡®◊ե⫬§«“¡‡™◊ËÕ∑“ß»“ π“æ√“À¡≥å·≈–‰ ¬»“ μ√å „¥Ê º¡®÷ߢÕÕπÿ ≠ “μæ√–Õÿ ªí ™ ¨“¬å ‰ ªΩñ ° °“√ªØ‘ ∫— μ‘ ∏ √√¡°— ∫æ√–‡¥™æ√–§ÿ≥À≈«ßæàÕ∏—¡¡™‚¬ ∑’¥Õ¬ ÿ‡∑æ ®.‡™’¬ß„À¡à Ë√–À«à“ß∑’Ë∑” ¡“∏‘ º¡√Ÿâ ÷°∂÷ߧ«“¡ ß∫ §«“¡π‘ËߢÕß„® 251
  • 247. æ√–‡¥™æ√–§ÿ≥À≈«ßæàÕ∑à“π®– Õπ‡ ¡Õ«à“ „Àâ‡√“ «“ß„®À¬ÿ ¥ π‘Ë ß ‡©¬Ê ∑’Ë »Ÿ π ¬å ° ≈“ß°“¬®π§ÿâ 𠇧¬ ∂â “ ∑”‰¥â ªí ≠ ≠“®–‡°‘ ¥ §”μÕ∫∑—È ß À≈“¬®–æ√—Ë ß æ√Ÿ ÕÕ°¡“®“°»Ÿπ¬å°≈“ß°“¬¢Õ߇√“‡Õß „À¡àÊ º¡‡Õß °Á‰¡à‡¢â“„® ·≈–‰¡à¡’§«“¡‡æ’¬√∑’Ë®–∑” æÕ‰¥â∫«™‡√’¬π252
  • 248. ®÷ ß ªØ‘ ∫— μ‘ ‰ ¥â   –¥«°¢÷È π ·≈–¡’ § «“¡‡¢â “ „®«à “ ù∫ÿ ≠ û§◊Õæ≈—ßß“π∫√‘ ÿ∑∏‘Ï º¡π÷°¢Õ∫§ÿ≥πâÕß “«¢Õߺ¡§◊ÕπâÕß«√√≥“ μ≈Õ¥¡“ „π∞“π–∑’Ë擺¡‡¢â“«—¥ ·≈–·π–π”„Àâ º ¡√Ÿâ ®— ° «à “ ù∫ÿ ≠ û §◊ Õ æ≈— ß ß“π∫√‘  ÿ ∑ ∏‘Ï∑’ËÀ≈àÕ‡≈’Ȭ߇√“„À⇪ìπ ÿ¢é 253
  • 249. 254
  • 250. 255
  • 251. ‡æ√“– ç∫ÿ≠é ®÷ß∑”„À⺡ ‡º™‘≠Àπâ“°—∫¡√ ÿ¡ ç«—ππ—Èπº¡‡À¡◊Õπ∂Ÿ°‡μ–∫“πæ—∫ Õ¬Ÿà„πÕ“°“√≈â¡∑—È߬◊π À≈—ß®“°∑’Ë¡’§π‚∑√»—æ∑å¡“·®âß¢à“««à“ √—∞∫“≈ª√–°“» ≈Õ¬μ— « §à “ ‡ß‘ π ∫“∑·≈â « º¡°Á √Ÿâ ∑— π ∑’ «à “ »÷ ° §√—È ß π’È „À≠à À ≈«ßπ— ° ®“°°“√∑’Ë ‡ ß‘ π ∫“∑‰∑¬≈¥§à “ ≈ß®“° 25 ∫“∑ /1 ¥Õ≈≈“√å À√—∞ ‡ªìπ 50 °«à“∫“∑ /1 ¥Õ≈≈“√å  À√—∞∑”„ÀâÀπ’ π¢Õ߬Ÿ§Õ¡∑’¡Õ¬Ÿ°«à“ 400 ≈â“π¥Õ≈≈“√å È‘ Ë’ à ·≈–·∑§Õ’° 1,100 ≈â“π¥Õ≈≈“√å ∑–¬“π Ÿß≈‘∫≈‘Ë« ‡¡◊Õ§‘¥‡ªìπ‡ß‘π∫“∑‰∑¬ ®“° ’À¡◊π≈â“π‡ªìπ‡®Á¥À¡◊π≈â“π Ë Ë Ë Ë ∑âÕßøÑ“„π¡ÿ¡μ÷°®“°™—Èπ 13 ¢ÕßÕ“§“√‡∫≠®®‘𥓠√‘¡∂ππ«‘¿“«¥’√—ß ‘μ „π¢≥–π—Èπ º¡®”‰¡à‰¥âÀ√Õ°«à“ ‡ªìπ ’Õ–‰√  ¥„ À√◊Õ‰¡à º¡∑√“∫‡æ’¬ß·μà«à“ ‡«≈“π—Èπ256
  • 252. „πªï æ.». 2540‰¥âÕ¬à“ß¡’ ç μ‘é ‘Ëß∑’Ëμ—«‡Õߧ«√∑”∑’Ë ÿ¥§◊Õ ç∑”„®é ∑”„®„Àâ„  ‡æ√“–‡¡◊ËÕμÕπæ∫»÷°Àπ—°§√—Èß·√°¢Õß™’«‘μ º¡¡’§ÿ≥·¡àÕ¬Ÿà¢â“ßÊ §Õ¬∫Õ°°—∫º¡«à“ ù ŸâÊ π–∫ÿ≠™—¬û ·μà«—ππ’È∑à“π‰¡àÕ¬Ÿà‡ ’¬·≈â« „π§√“«π’ÈπâÕß™“¬·≈–≈Ÿ°πâÕߢÕߺ¡‡¥‘π‡¢â“¡“„πÀâÕß æ√âÕ¡∫Õ°«à“ ùÕ¬à“§‘¥¡“°û´÷Ë ß º¡‡Õß°Á ‰ ¡à ‰ ¥â §‘ ¥ Õ–‰√¡“°‡≈¬ ‡æ√“–μÕππ—È π§‘¥Õ–‰√‰¡àÕÕ°‡≈¬®√‘ßÊ §‘¥·μà‡æ’¬ß«à“ ¡’ªí≠À“°Á·°â°—π‰ª ‡¥’¬«‰¥âπß ¡“∏‘·≈⫧ߧ‘¥ÕÕ° ·≈–μâÕß∑”∫ÿ≠‡æ‘¡ Î —Ë Ë‡æ√“–‡¡◊ËÕ¡’∫ÿ≠ ∫ÿ≠®–™—°®Ÿß°—≈¬“≥¡‘μ√®“°Õ¥’μ¡“™à«¬‡√“‡Õß ·≈⫺¡°Á∫Õ°°—∫μ—«‡Õß«à“ ‰ª«—¥∑”∫ÿ≠¥’°«à“é 257
  • 253. ‰ª«—¥ çπ—∫®“°«—ππ—Èπ º¡·≈–§√Õ∫§√—«°Á‰¥â¡“∑”∫ÿ≠Õ¬à“ß μàÕ‡π◊Õß À≈«ßæàÕ∑à“π‰¥â„Àâ‚Õ«“∑«à“ ùªí≠À“¡’°·°â‰¢‰ª Ë Á ∫ÿ≠°ÁÀ¡—Ëπ —Ëß ¡  ¡“∏‘°ÁÀ¡—ËπªØ‘∫—μ‘ ∑“π°ÁÀ¡—Ëπ∑” ·≈â « ∑ÿ ° Õ¬à “ ß°Á ® –¥’ ‡ Õßû º¡°Á ¬÷ ¥ À≈— ° π’È „ π°“√·°â «‘°ƒμ°“√≥åμà“ßÊ  «¥¡πμå∑”«—μ√‡™â“-‡¬Áπ ·≈– π—Ë ß  ¡“∏‘ ∑ÿ ° «— π ‰¡à ‡ §¬¢“¥ ∑”∫ÿ ≠ ∑ÿ ° ∫ÿ ≠ ∑”∑ÿ ° «— π  ¡Ë”‡ ¡Õ «—πÕ“∑‘μ¬åº¡°Á‰ªπ—ß ¡“∏‘∑«¥æ√–∏√√¡°“¬ Ë ’Ë — ®π°√–∑—ßæ√–‡¥™æ√–§ÿ≥À≈«ßæàÕ‰¥â‡¡μμ“μ—ßμ”·Àπàß Ë È ù∑à“πÕª¡“∑‡»√…∞’û (‡»√…∞’ºŸâ‰¡àª√–¡“∑) „Àâ°—∫º¡258
  • 254. ∑”∫ÿ≠¥’°«à“ à«πªí≠À“∑“ß‚≈°º¡°Á§àÕ¬Ê ·°â‰¢‰ª ∑—Èߪ√–πÕ¡Àπ’È°— ∫ ‡®â “ Àπ’È · ≈–À“æ— π ∏¡‘ μ √√à « ¡∑ÿ π ‡æ◊Ë Õ ‡æ‘Ë ¡ «‘ μ “¡‘ πÕ—¥©’¥„Àâ‡√“‡¥‘πμàÕ‰ª‰¥â  à«π∑“ß∏√√¡°Á≈ÿ¬∑”∫ÿ≠¡’∫ÿ≠Õ–‰√°Á∑”∑ÿ°∫ÿ≠Õ¬à“ß ¡Ë”‡ ¡Õ‰¡à¡’¢âÕ·¡â ‰¡à°’˪ïμàÕ¡“ ∑ÿ°Õ¬à“ß∑’Ëæ√–‡¥™æ√–§ÿ≥À≈«ßæàÕ∑à“π Õπ°Á‡ªìπ®√‘ß º¡ “¡“√∂·°â‰¢«‘°ƒμμà“ßÊ ‰¥âμ“¡≈”¥—∫‡«≈“‰ª«—¥‡√“°Á‰ª°—π∑—Èߧ√Õ∫§√—« ∑—Èß¿√√¬“·≈–≈Ÿ°Õ’°3 §π √«¡‰ª∂÷ßπâÕß “«·≈–πâÕ߇¢¬ §◊Õ «√√≥“-¥√.ª√–°Õ∫ ®‘√°‘μ‘ √«¡∑—ÈßπâÕß™“¬ 2 §π §◊Õ  ¡™“¬- 259
  • 255. «‘™—¬ æ√âÕ¡§√Õ∫§√—« ‡¢â“«—¥ªØ‘∫—μ‘∏√√¡ ∑”∑“π √—°…“»’≈ π—Ëß ¡“∏‘æ√âÕ¡Ê °—π∑ÿ°«—πÕ“∑‘μ¬å æ«°‡√“ μ—È ß „®«à “ ®“°π’È ‰ ª®–§∫·μà ∫— ≥ ±‘ μ ·≈–‡≈’È ¬ ß≈Ÿ ° πâ Õ ß ∑’˪ؑ∫—μ‘∏√√¡ ‰¡à«à“®–‡ªìπ»“ π“„¥ ‡æ√“–§π‡À≈à“π’È ∂Ⓡ¢“‡§√àߧ√—¥ ¡’»’≈ ¡’∏√√¡ ‡√“ “¡“√∂Ω“°Ωíß ¿“√°‘®°—∫‡¢“‰¥â º¡®—¥„Àâ¡’°“√ªØ‘∫—μ‘∏√√¡ ”À√—∫ æπ— ° ß“π∑ÿ °  — ª ¥“Àå ∑’Ë ∫ √‘ …— ∑ ‡∫≠®®‘ 𠥓 ∫√‘ …— ∑ ‡»√…∞°‘ ® √à « ¡¥â « ¬™à « ¬°— π ∫√‘ …— ∑ ¥’ · ∑§ ·≈–®— ¥ ªØ‘ ∫— μ‘ ∏ √√¡√–¬– —È π πÕ° ∂“π∑’Ë „ Àâ °— ∫ æπ— ° ß“π Õ¬à“ß ¡Ë”‡ ¡Õ º¡‡§¬μ—Èߧ«“¡Ωíπ‰«â«à“ °àÕπÕ“¬ÿ 60 ªï º¡Õ¬“°®–∑”ß“π‡æ◊Ë Õ  — ß §¡Õ¬à “ ߇μÁ ¡ μ— « ‡æ◊Ë Õ ∑‘È ß ‰«â ‡ ªì π  ¡∫— μ‘ „ Àâ ≈Ÿ ° À≈“π„π¿“¬¿“§Àπâ “ ‡À¡◊Õπ∑’˺¡‡§¬‰¥â√—∫®“°§ÿ≥æàÕ·≈–§ÿ≥·¡à μàÕ¡“260
  • 256. º¡μ—¥ ‘π„®¢“¬Àÿâπ„π¬Ÿ§Õ¡·≈–¥’·∑§ ¡Ÿ≈§à“°«à“9,000 ≈â“π∫“∑ „Àâ°≈ÿ¡‡∑‡≈πÕ√å ‡¡◊Õμÿ≈“§¡ªï æ.». 2548 à ˺¡¢“¬∏ÿ √ °‘ ®  à « π¡◊ Õ ∂◊ Õ ·≈–´◊È Õ °‘ ® °“√ “√ π‡∑»°≈—∫§◊π¡“ ‡æ√“–º¡¡—Ëπ„®«à“ ‡√“®– “¡“√∂‡º¬·ºàæ√–æÿ∑∏»“ π“ºà“π√–∫∫ “√ π‡∑»‰ª∑—Ë«‚≈°‰¥â ‡™àπ®“°≈“πæ‘∏’∑’Ë¡À“√—μπ«‘À“√§¥‰ª Ÿà‚∑√»—æ∑å¡◊Õ∂◊Õ¢Õß™“«‚≈° ´÷Ëß®–μâÕ߇°‘¥¢÷Èπ„πÕπ“§μÕ¬à“ß·πàπÕπÕ’ ° ∑—È ß ¬— ß ‡¥‘ π Àπâ “ ‚§√ß°“√ ”π÷ ° √— ° ∫â “ π‡°‘ ¥ ·≈–«‘ ∑ ¬ÿ ™ÿ ¡ ™π√à « ¡¥â « ¬™à « ¬°— π ‡æ◊Ë Õ μÕ∫·∑π — ß §¡‚¥¬¢¬“¬‡§√◊ Õ ¢à “ ¬‰ª∑—Ë « ª√–‡∑» º¡À¬‘ ∫ ¬°¿“√–ù·ºà 𠥑 π ∏√√¡û ¢÷È π ¡“‡ªì π ª≥‘ ∏ “π¢Õß™’ «‘ μ ‡ªì π à«πÀπ÷Ëß„π°“√√à«¡ √√§å √â“ߧ«“¡¥’ß“¡·≈–¬◊¥Õ“¬ÿæ√–æÿ∑∏»“ π“„Àâ¬◊𬓫∑’Ë ÿ¥é 261
  • 257. 262
  • 258. 263
  • 259. ∑’ˇªìπ¥—Ëßπ’ȉ¥â 纡‡™◊Ë Õ ¡—Ë π «à “ ™’ «‘ μ ≈ß‡Õ¬Õ¬à “ ß∑’Ë Ωí 𠉥â Õ ¬à “ ßπ’È °Á‡æ√“–∫ÿ≠ ∑—Èß∫ÿ≠∑’Ë —Ëß ¡‰«â„πÕ¥’μ·≈–∫ÿ≠„πªí®®ÿ∫—π √«¡∂÷ßÕ”π“®¢Õß„®∑’‰¥âªØ‘∫μ∏√√¡Õ¬à“ß ¡Ë”‡ ¡Õ¥â«¬ Ë —‘  ”À√—∫«—ππ’Ⱥ¡§‘¥«à“™’«‘μ¡’§«“¡À¡“¬¡“° ‡æ√“–‰¥â„™â ™’«‘μÕ¬à“ß¡’®ÿ¥À¡“¬  ‘Ëß∑’˺¡®–μâÕß欓¬“¡∑”„Àâ¡“° ∑’Ë ÿ¥μàÕ®“°π’ȉª°Á§◊Õ°“√ —Ëß ¡∫ÿ≠∫“√¡’„À⬑ËßÊ ¢÷Èπ‰ª ®π°«à“®–∂÷ß®ÿ¥À¡“¬ª≈“¬∑“ß §◊Õ∑’ ¥·Ààß∏√√¡ §«“¡ Ëÿ ª√“√∂π“„¥Ê ∑’ˇ√“º‘¥À«—ßÀ√◊Õæ≈“¥‚Õ°“  ≈â«π‡ªìπ º≈¡“®“°°“√≈–‡≈¬∑’Ë®– —Ëß ¡∫ÿ≠∫“√¡’Õ¬à“߇μÁ¡∑’Ë264
  • 260. °Á‡æ√“– ç∫ÿ≠é‡μÁ ¡ °”≈— ß „π™“μ‘ ª “ß°à Õ π ‡æ√“–©–π—È π „π™“μ‘ π’Ⱥ¡∂◊Õ«à“¬—ß‚™§¥’∑’ˉ¥â§«“¡‡ªìπ¡πÿ…¬å ‰¥â‡°‘¥„πμ√–°Ÿ≈ —¡¡“∑‘∞‘ ·≈–‰¥âæ∫°—∫æ√–‡¥™æ√–§ÿ≥À≈«ßæàÕ ·≈–§ÿ≥¬“¬Õ“®“√¬å¡À“√—μπÕÿ∫“ ‘°“®—π∑√å ¢ππ°¬Ÿß‰¥â ‡ °‘ ¥ „πª√–‡∑»∑’Ë æ √–æÿ ∑ ∏»“ π“«‘ ™ ™“∏√√¡°“¬°”≈—߇®√‘≠√ÿà߇√◊Õß °ÁμâÕß√’∫μ—°μ«ßÀ“∑√—æ¬åÀ¬“∫¡“·≈°‡ª≈’ˬπ‡ªìπ∫ÿ≠ ‡ªìπÕ√‘¬∑√—æ¬å ‡Õ“‰«â‡ªìπ‡ ∫’¬ß‡æ◊ËÕ‰ªμàÕ∫ÿ≠∑’Ë®–∑”¬‘ËßÊ ¢÷Èπ‰ª„π¿æ™“쑇∫◊ÈÕßÀπâ“∂â “ ¬â Õ π¥Ÿ ™’ «‘ μ μ—È ß ·μà «— ¬ ‡¥Á ° ·¡â º ¡®–™Õ∫»‘ ≈ ª– 265
  • 261. ·μມ‰¡à “¡“√∂∑’Ë®–‡≈◊Õ°‡ âπ∑“߇¥‘π„π¥â“π»‘≈ª–‰¥â ‡æ√“–μâÕß ◊∫∑Õ¥°‘®°“√·≈–√—∫¿“√–μà“ßÊ „π∞“π– æ’Ë™“¬§π‚μ ·μà„π«—ππ’Ⱥ¡‰¥â‡√’¬π√Ÿâ®“°∏√√¡–¢Õß æ√– —¡¡“ —¡æÿ∑∏‡®â“ ®“°∑’Ëæ√–‡¥™æ√–§ÿ≥À≈«ßæàÕ ∑à“π‰¥âæ√Ë” Õπ‡ ¡Õ°Á§◊Õ‡√“ “¡“√∂ÕÕ°·∫∫™’«‘μ ‡√“‡Õ߉¥â ¥—ßπ—π∑ÿ°«—ππ’º¡®–‰¡àª≈àÕ¬„ÀâÕ–‰√ “¬‡°‘π‰ª È È ®÷ßμ—Èß„®¡ÿàßÀπâ“ÕÕ°·∫∫™’«μ¥â«¬∑“π »’≈ ¿“«π“ „À⥒ ‘ ∑’Ë ÿ¥ º¡¡’§«“¡‡™◊ËÕ«à“ Õ¥’μ·≈–ªí®®ÿ∫—π‡ªìπμ—«°”Àπ¥ ™’«‘μ¢Õ߇√“ ∂Ⓡ√“∑”«—ππ’È„À⥒ æ√ÿàßπ’È°Á®–‡ªìπ«—π∑’Ë¥’266
  • 262. ‡™àπ°—π ‡√“Õ“®®–¡’‡«≈“Õ¬Ÿà„π‚≈°π’ȉ¡à¬◊𬓫π“ππ—°«—ππ’È®÷߇ªìπ«—𠔧—≠∑’Ë ÿ¥  ‘Ëß„¥∑’Ë∑”·≈â«¡’§«“¡ ÿ¢‰¡à ‡ ∫’ ¬ ¥‡∫’ ¬ π§πÕ◊Ë π ·≈–‡ªì π ª√–‚¬™πå μà Õ  — ß §¡º¡®–√’∫‡¥‘πÀπâ“∑”∑—π∑’ ∫“ߧ√—Èß√–À«à“ßπ—Ëß ¡“∏‘º¡¡—°¡’§”∂“¡°—∫¡‘ ‡μÕ√å∫‘Í°·∫߇∏’¬√’ [Big BangTheory] §◊ Õ §ÿ ≥ æ’Ë Õ π— π μå Õ— » «‚¿§‘ π ‡ ¡ÕÊ´÷Ëß°àÕπ‡¢â“«—¥‡¡◊ËÕÀ≈“¬ªï°àÕπ ∑à“π‡ªìπ§π‰¡à¡’»“ π“‡æ√“–∑à“π‡™◊ËÕ«à“®—°√«“≈π’È ‡°‘¥®“°°“√√–‡∫‘¥§√—Èß„À≠à®π¡’ –‡°Á¥≈Õ¬‰ª‡°‘¥‡ªìπ¥«ß¥“«¡“°¡“¬ ©–π—Èπ 267
  • 263. ¡πÿ…¬å쓬·≈â«¥—∫ Ÿ≠ ·μàμÕππ’È∑à“π‰¡à¡’§«“¡‡™◊ËÕ Õ¬à“ßπ—Èπ·≈⫧√—∫ μÕππ’È°≈—∫‡™◊ËÕ¡—Ëπ«à“ ‡√“¬—ßμâÕß μ“¡‰ª‡°‘¥‡ªìπ‡æ◊ËÕπ‡∑æ∫ÿμ√ ≈Ÿ°æ√–∏—¡œ æ—π∏ÿåÀ—«„® ‰¡à‡°’ˬ߇§’¬ß¢â“ß°—π‰ª¥ÿ ‘μ∫ÿ√’ «ß∫ÿ≠摇»… ‡æ◊ËÕ √â“ß ∫“√¡’·∫∫√◊ÈÕ«—ØØ–°—πμàÕ‰ª «—πÀπ÷Ëߺ¡Õ¥√π∑π‰¡à‰À« ∂“¡§ÿ ≥ æ’Ë Õ π— π μå «à “ ùæ’Ë ∑”‰¡®— ° √«“≈®÷ ß ¡◊ ¥ π— ° ?û ∑à“πμÕ∫«à“ ù°Á‡æ√“–‡√“°”≈—ßÕ¬Ÿà„π∑âÕßæ≠“¡“√‰ßû º¡®÷ß∂“¡μàե⫬§«“¡Àßÿ¥Àß‘¥«à“ ù∂â“Õ¬à“ßπ—Èπ ‡√“ ®–ªØ‘∫μ∏√√¡®π∂÷ߢ—π Ÿß ÿ¥‰ª∑”‰¡?û ùÕ¬à“°—ß«≈‰ª‡≈¬ —‘ È268
  • 264. æ≠“¡“√°Á Õ ¬Ÿà „ π∑â Õ ß‡√“‡À¡◊ Õ π°— π û º¡æÕ„®°— ∫§”μÕ∫®÷ßÀ≈—∫μ“π—Ëß ¡“∏‘μàÕ‰ª‰¥â ª√–À«—¥π÷°∂÷ß¿“æ„π¿“æ¬πμ√å‡√◊ËÕß ù‡¡π Õ‘π ·∫≈Á° 1û [Men in Black I]∑’Ë¡πÿ…¬åμà“ߥ“«¥à“¡πÿ…¬å‚≈°«à“ ù∑”‰¡®–´àÕπ®—°√«“≈∑—Èß®—°√«“≈„π≈Ÿ°·°â«∑’Ë·¢«π‰«â∫π§Õ·¡«‰¡à‰¥â ¡πÿ…¬‚≈°°Á¥’·μ৑¥«à“∑ÿ°Õ¬à“ßμâÕߢ÷ÈπÕ¬Ÿà°—∫¢π“¥∑’˧ÿâπ‡§¬ûªí®®ÿ∫—π§ÿ≥∫ÿ≠™—¬ “¡“√∂‡¥‘πμ“¡Ωíπ¢Õßμ—«‡Õ߉¥âÕ¬à“ß ßà“ß“¡ ·≈–ÕÕ°·∫∫™’«‘μμ—«‡Õ߉¥âÕ¬à“ß ¡∫Ÿ√≥å‚¥¬°àÕμ—È߇§√◊Õ¢à“¬√à«¡¥â«¬™à«¬°—π ·≈–¡Ÿ≈π‘∏‘ ”π÷° 269
  • 265. √—°∫â“π‡°‘¥ ∑”ß“π‡æ◊ËÕ —ߧ¡‰¥â ¡§«“¡μ—Èß„® ∂â“°“√ ¡’™’«‘μ∑’ËÕ‘ √– ¡’‡«≈“∑”„π ‘Ëß∑’ËΩíπ ∑”§«“¡¥’‰¥âÕ¬à“ß¡’ §«“¡ ÿ¢ §◊Õ ÿ¥¬Õ¥§«“¡ª√“√∂π“¢Õߧπ∑—Èß‚≈° °Áπ—∫‰¥â«à“ §ÿ≥∫ÿ≠™—¬ ‡∫≠®√ߧ°ÿ≈ ‡ªìπ ùæ’Ë„À≠àû ∑’Ë ∑—È ß ·Œªªïô · ≈–¥’ æ √â Õ ¡ ‡ªì π ºŸâ ª √– ∫§«“¡ ”‡√Á ® Õ¬à“ßߥߓ¡ºŸâÀπ÷Ëß ·≈– Ÿμ√ ”‡√Á®ßà“¬Ê ∑’Ëæ’Ë„À≠à „™â ‡ ªì π ·π«∑“ß„π°“√¥”‡π‘ π ™’ «‘ μ §◊ Õ ‚Õ«“∑¢Õß æ√–‡¥™æ√–§ÿ≥À≈«ßæàÕ∏—¡¡™‚¬ ∑’Ë«à“ ù∑ÿ°§√—Èß∑’Ë ª√– ∫Õÿª √√§„À≠àπâÕ¬∑—ÈßÀ≈“¬ „Àâπ—Ëß≈ßÀ≈—∫μ“270
  • 266. ‡®√‘≠ ¡“∏‘¿“«π“ «“ß„®‰«â∑’Ë»Ÿπ¬å°≈“ß°“¬∞“π∑’Ë 7·≈â«®–æ∫°—∫§”μÕ∫«à“ §«√∑”Õ–‰√? Õ¬à“߉√? Õ’°∑—Èß„®®–¡’æ≈—߇æ‘Ë¡¢÷ÈπÕ¬à“ß¡À“»“≈ ¡πÿ…¬å∑ÿ°§π≈â«π·≈â«·μà‡§¬ —ß ¡∫ÿ≠°ÿ»≈¡“¢â“¡¿æ¢â“¡™“μ‘¥«¬°—π∑—ß ‘π Ë â È È‰¡à¡’„§√∑”∫“ª≈â«πÊ ‡æ’¬ß·μàÕ“®®–æ≈“¥‰ª∫â“ß„π∫“ß¿æ ·μà∫ÿ≠‡°à“¢Õ߇√“°Á¡’ ”√ÕßÕ¬Ÿà·≈â« ·≈–„®∑’Ë„  «à“ß®–‰ª¥÷ß∫ÿ≠‡°à“∑’‡§¬ —ß ¡‰«â¡“ª√–§—∫ª√–§Õ߇√“ Ë Ë„Àâ ºà “ πæâ π Õÿ ª  √√§μà “ ßÊ ‰ª‰¥â é ‡æ√“–æ’Ë „ À≠à‰¥â∑”¥—Ëßπ’ȇÕß ù„π∑’Ë ÿ¥...æ’Ë„À≠à∫ÿ≠™—¬°Á™π–û 271
  • 267.  ∂“π∑’˪ؑ∫—μ‘∏√√¡‡æ◊ËÕ √â“߇ √‘¡°”≈—ß„® ≥ »Ÿπ¬å “¢“°«à“ 60 ·Ààß∑—Ë«‚≈° Asia BRUNEI Co-ordination Office Contact : Ruangrassame Chareonying Tel. +(673) 8-867-029 Email: JY_dhamma@yahoo.com Thailand Co-ordinator contact : Ms.Rawiwon Mechang Tel. +(66)-5-071-0190 CHINA Sichuan Sichuan Meditation Center Tel. +(86) 28-8541-8878, +(86) 28-8129-2072 Mobile. +(86) 136-8900-7101 Email: nui072@hotmail.com, pp072@yahoo.com HONG KONG The Dhammakaya International Society of Hong Kong Ltd. 385-391, 2/F, Henning House, Hennessy Rd., Wanchai, Hong Kong Tel. +(852) 2762-7942, +(852) 2794-7485 Fax.+(852) 2573-2800 E-mail: dmchk@netvigator.com INDONESIA Dhammakaya International Meditation Center of Indonesia Jl.Pulau Dewa V Blok P6 No.21 Kota Modern Tangerang Prop. Banten 15117 Indonesia Tel. +(62) 2-1552-8908 Email: dimcindonesia@hotmail.com JAPAN Ibaraki Wat Bhavana Ibaraki 2816-2 Oaza Arakawahongo, Ami-Machi, Inashiki-gun, Ibaraki-ken, Japan 300-1152 Tel. +(81) 2-9846-6110 Mobile +(81) 080-5489-5669, +(81) 080-5489-6659 Email: Ibaraki_otera@msn.com272
  • 268. Kanagawa Wat Bhavana Kanagawa 3-5-12 Ryosei, Ayase-Shi, Kanagawa-Ken, 252-1126, Japan Tel. +(81) 4-6770-3264 Mobile. +(81) 90-5099-4527 Email: puwanat072@hotmail.com Nagano Wat Thai Nagano 733-3 Mihari, Tomi-Shi, Nagano-Ken, 389-0501, Japan Tel. +(81) 2-6864-7516, +(81) 2-6864-7720 Fax. +(81) 2-6862-2505 Mobile. +(81) 90-9390-6055 Email: yanakuno@yahoo.com Osaka Wat Bhavana Osaka Dhammakaya International Meditation Center of Osaka 4-6-27 Ohmiya, Asahi-ku, Osaka, 535-0002, Japan Tel. +(81) 6-6956-1400 Fax. +(81) 6-6956-1401 Email: dimcosaka@hotmail.com Tochigi Wat Bhavana Tochigi1068 Oya-Machi, Utsunomiya-shi, Tochigi-ken, Japan 321-0345 Tel. +(81) 2-8652-8701 to 2, +(81) 2-8652-8703 Email: krubajane39@hotmail.com Tokyo Dhammakaya International Meditation Center of Tokyo 3-78-5 Arakawa, Arakawa-ku, Tokyo, 116-0002, Japan Tel. +(81) 3-5604-3021 Fax. +(81) 3-5604-3022 Email: chalapinyo@yahoo.com MALAYSIA Kuala Lumpur Dhammakaya Meditation Center of Kuala Lumpur 4-2 Jalan, Puteri 5/1, Bandar Puteri, 47100, Selangor, D.E., Malaysia Tel. +(60) 3-5882-5887 Mobile. +(60) 17-331-1599 Email: chutintharo072@hotmail.com 273
  • 269. Penang Dhammakaya Meditation Center of Penang 66, Lengkonk Kenari1, Sungai Ara, 11900 Penang, Malaysia Tel. +(60) 4-644-1854 Fax. +(60) 19-457-4270 to 1 Email: dmcpn@hotmail.com SINGAPORE Kalyanamitta Centre (Singapore) 30 Mohamed Sultan Road #03-03 Lam Ann Building, Singapore 238974 Tel. +(65) 6836-1620 Email: dimcsg@dhammakaya.or.th dimcsg@singnet.com.sg SOUTH KOREA Wat Tae Jong Sa M 29-4, Dongsam-2 dong, Youndo-Gu, Busan City, Republic of Korea Tel.+(82) 51-405-2626 Mobile. +(82) 10-8681-5976 TAIWAN R.O.C. Taipei Dhammakaya International Meditation Center of Taipei 3F No.9 Lane 16, Sec.2 Sihchuan Rd., Banciao city, Taipei country 220 Tel. +(886) 2-8966-1000 Fax. +(886) 2-8967-2800 http://dhammakaya.tc Taizhong Dhammakaya International Meditation Center of Taizhong 1-2F, No. 25, Lane 14, Minquan Rd., Zhong Dis, Taizhong City Tel. +(886) 4-2223-7663 Taoyuan Dhammakaya International Meditation Center of Taoyuan No. 232, Ching-Tian Street, Taoyuan City 330 Tel. +(886) 3-377-1261 Mobile. +(886) 9-2252-1072 Email: watthaitaoyuan@hotmail.com274
  • 270. The Middle East BAHRAIN DMC Centre, Bahrain1310 Road No. 5641, Block No.0356, Manama City, Bahrain Contact : Mr.Thanachai & Mrs.Peanjai Thongthae Tel. +(973) 3960-7936 Email: s4p04u@hotmail.com IRAN Co-ordination Office Contact : Ms. Aroona Puenebue Tel. +(98) 21-2260-2105 Email: marissa_ange@yahoo.com OMAN Co-ordination Office Contact: Ms. Rathanavadee Boonprasert Tel. +(968) 9901-4584 QATAR Co-ordination Office Contact: Ms. Naviya Tonboonrithi Tel. +(974) 572-7178 Email: naviyatonboonrithi@yahoo.com SAUDI ARABIA Co-ordination Office Contact: Mr. Udom Chimnuan Tel. +(966) 50-899-1912 Email: saudom_80@yahoo.com DUBAI Co-ordination Office P.O.Box 33084, Dubai, UAE. Contact: Ms. Sangmanee Tel. +(971) 50-770-4508 Mr. Methin Tel. +(971) 50-754-0825 Ms. Dussadee Tel. +(971) 50-228-5077 The Middle East Thailand Co-ordinator Contact: Ms. Rawiwon Mechang Tel. +(66)-5-071-0190 Email: rawi0072@yahoo.com 275
  • 271. Africa SOUTH AFRICA Cape Town Cape Town Meditation Centre (CMC.) 4B Homlfirth Road, Sea Point, Cape Town, South Africa, 8005 Tel. +(27) 21-439-1896 Mobile. +(27) 72-323-0060 +(27) 79-379-0245 Johannesburg Johannesburg Meditation Centre 30 Scheepers Street, North Riding, Randburg, Johannesburg, South Africa 2169 Tel : +(27) 11-704-3360 Mobile: +(27) 72-363-1226 +(27) 78-464-8871 Email: info@watthaiafrica.org276
  • 272. Europe BELGIUM Antwerp Dhammakaya International Meditation Centre (Belgium)Sint-Jobsteenweg 84, 2970 S-Gravenwezel, Antwerp, Belgium Tel. +(32) 3.326.45.77, +(32) 3.289.51.81 Mobile. +(32) 494.32.60.02 Email: ppujakaro@hotmail.com DENMARK Copenhagen Wat Buddha Denmark Gl.Landevej 12,7130 Juelsminde, Denmark Tel. +(45) 46.59.00.72 Mobile. +(45) 20.70.74.59 Email: dimc_dk@yahoo.com FRANCE Bordeaux Wat Bouddha Bordeaux 47, Cours du General de Gaulle,33170 Gradignan, France Tel. +(33) 5.40.00.93.70 Mobile. +(33) 6.20.23.53.08 Email: wat_bdx@hotmail.com Paris Wat Bouddha Paris 10, Avenue de Paris, 77164 Ferrieres en Brie, France Tel. +(33) 1.64.77.28.37 Fax. +(33) 6.88.25.82.06 Email: vichak@yahoo.com Strasbourg Dhammakaya Centre International de la Meditation 21, Boulevard de Nancy, 67000 Strasbourg, France Tel. +(33) 3.88.32.69.15 Fax. +(33) 3.88.22.99.19 Email: dimcfr@yahoo.com 277
  • 273. GERMANY Koenigsbrunn Dhammakaya International Meditation Zentrum (DIMZ) Heinkel Str. 1,86343 Koenigsbrunn, Germany Tel. +(49) 8231.957.4530, Fax. +(49) 8231.957.4532 Mobile. +(49) 162.421.0410 Email : ppadec@hotmail.com Frankfurt Wat Buddha Frankfurt (Meditation Verein Frankfurt Me.V) Odenwald Str.22, 65479, Ruanheim, Germany Tel. +(49) 614.2833.0888 , Fax. +(49) 614.2833.0890 Email: lpjon2499@hotmail.com Stuttgart Wat Buddha Stuttgart Im Meissel Str.6, 71111, Waldenbuch, Germany Tel. +(49) 715.753.8187, Fax. +(49) 715.753.7677 Mobile. +(49) 16.0179.3782 Email: wat_stuttgart@hotmail.com Bodensee Wat Buddha Bodensee Lindauer Str. 76, 88085 Langenargen, Germany Tel. +(49) 754.393.9777 Email: Wat_Bodensee@hotmail.com ITALY Milan Wat Buddha Milano Via Dello Scoiattolo 7 21052 Busto Arsizio (VA) Italy Tel. +(39) 33.138.6721, +(39) 33.131.8738, +(39) 329.917.8629 Email: fortunebigbank@msn.com, janda.a@hotmail.it NORWAY Midnattsol Wat Buddha Midnattsol (Det Norske Dhammakaya Samfunn) Hvittingfossveien 343, 3080 Holmestrand Norway Tel. +(47) 33.61.01.43, Fax. +(47) 33.09.66.09 Mobile. +(47) 997.23.075 Email: dhammakaya-norway@hotmail.com http://www.dhammakaya.no278
  • 274. SWEDEN Hisings Backa Wat Buddha Gothenburg Ostra Arodsgatan 17B, 422 43, Hisings Backa, Sweden Tel. +(46) -31.58.57.99 Mobile. +(46) -737.562.722 SWITZERLAND Geneva Wat Buddha Geneva, Switzerland Avenue daire 93 G, 1203 Geneva, Switzerland ( c/o Wee Khee Wee ) Tel. +(41) 796.049.704 Mobile. +(33) 06.15.41.70.14 THE UNITED KINGDOM Bristol Wat Buddha Bristol 7 Grange Close, Bradley Stoke, Bristol, BS32 OAH, United Kingdom Tel. +(44) 1454-617434 Email: virandharo@hotmail.com London Wat Phra Dhammakaya London(Dhammakaya International Society of United Kingdom) 2 Brushfield Way, Knaphill, Woking, GU21 2TG, UK Tel. +(44) 1483-475757 +(44) 1483-480001 Fax. +(44) 1483-476161 Email: disuk@hotmail.co.uk Manchester Wat Charoenbhavana Manchester Gardner House, Cheltenham Street, Salford, Manchester M6 6WY, United Kingdom Tel. +(44) 161-736-1633 +(44) 798-882-3616 Fax. +(44) 161-736-5747 Email: watmanchester@hotmail.com 279
  • 275. North America THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA California Dhammakaya International Meditation Center (USA) 801 E. Foothill Blvd., Azusa, CA 91702 USA Tel. +(1)-626-334-2160 Fax. +(1)-626-334-0702 Email: dimcazusa@yahoo.com http://www.dimc.net Florida Florida Meditation Center 1303 N. Gordon St., Plant City, FL 33563 USA Tel. +(1)-813-719-8000 +(1)-813-719-8005 Fax. +(1)-813-719-8007 Email: pamotito@msn.com Georgia Georgia Meditation Center Inc. 4522 Tilly Mill Road, Atlanta, GA 30360 USA Tel. +(1)-770-452-1111 +(1)-770-643-1233 Fax. (1)-770-452-3424 Mobile. +(1)-404-514-7721 +(1)-404-862-7559 Email: somboonusa@yahoo.com Hawaii Hawaii Meditation Center 54-111 Maakua Rd., Hauula, HI 97617 USA Tel. +(1)-808-497-4072 Email: saiwa072@hotmail.com Illinois Meditation Center of Chicago (M.C.C.) 6224 W.Gunnison St., Chicago, IL 60630 USA Tel. +(1)-773-763-8763 Fax. +(1)-773-763-7897 Email: Mcc_072@yahoo.com280
  • 276. Minnesota Minnesota Meditation Center 242 Northdale Blvd NW, Coon Rapids, MN 55448 USA Tel. +(1)-763-862-6122 Fax. +(1)-763-862-6123 Email: MMC_072@yahoo.com psuriya@hotmail.com New JerseyDhammakaya International Meditation Center of New Jersey 257 Midway Ave., Fanwood, NJ 07023 USA Tel. +(1)-908-322-4187, +(1)-908-322-4032 Fax. +(1)-908-322-1397 Email: dimc_nj@yahoo.com Oregon Oregon Meditation Center 13208 SE. Stark Street., Portland, OR 97233 USA Tel. +(1)-503-252-3637 Mobile.+(1)-503-799-8547 Email: omc072@yahoo.com http://www.dimcor.org Texas Meditation Center of Texas 1011 Thannisch Dr., Arlington, TX 76011 USA Tel. +(1)-817-275-7700 Email: meditation.ct.tx@gmail.com Washington Seattle Meditation Center 852 N.E. 83rd Street Seattle, WA 98115 USA Tel. +(1)-206-522-1514 Fax. +(1)-206-985-2920 Email: pmsamma@hotmail.com Virginia Meditation Center of D.C. 3325 Franconia Rd., Alexandria, VA 22310 USA Tel. +(1)-703-329-0350 Fax.+(1)-703-329-0062 Email: mdc072@yahoo.com 281
  • 277. CANADA Ottawa Co-ordination Office 354 Breckenridge Cres.Ottawa, Ontario K2W1J4, Canada Contact: Pattrawan Sukantha Tel. 613-254-9809 , 613-261-4341 Email: jayy.dee@hotmail.com Montreal Co-ordination Office 3431 Jeanne-Manae Suite#8,Quebec H2x2J7 , Canada Contact: Gritsana Sujjinanont Tel. 514-845-5002 514-726-1639 Email: gritsana@netzero.net Toronto Contact: Pipat Sripimolphan Tel. 647-886-0347 Email: psripimolphan@yahoo.com282
  • 278. Oceania AUSTRALIA Sydney Retreat Wat Phra Dhammakaya, Sydney Lot 3, Inspiration Place, Berrilee, NSW 2159 Tel. +(61) 2-9655-1128 Fax. +(61) 2-9655-1129 Mobile. +(61) 4-1162-8677 Email: Satit@dhammakaya.org.au Sydney Office Sydney Meditation Centre, (Sydney office) 117 Homebush Rd. Strathfield NSW 2135, Australia Tel. +(61) 2-9742-3031 Fax. +(61) 2-9742-3431 Mobile. +(61) 4-1145-3946 http://www.dhammakaya.org.au http://www.dmctv.net.au Brisbane Brisbane Meditation Centre73 Lodge Rd., Wooloowin, Brisbane, QLD 4030, Australia Tel. +(61) 7-3857-3431 Mobile. +(61) 4-3105-7215 Email: kentibkaeo@yahoo.com Melbourne Dhammakaya Meditation Centre of Melbourne 84 Oakwood Rd., St. Albans VIC 3021, Australia Tel. +(61) 3-9266-0181 Mobile. +(61) 4-0100-8799 Email: ronrawee@yahoo.com.au Perth Dhammakaya Meditation Centre of Perth 174 Moolanda Boulevard, Kingsley, WA, 6026, Australia Tel. +(61) 8-9409-8614 Fax. +(61) 8-9408-1007 Mobile. +(61) 4-302-07877 Email: phra_tawee@yahoo.com.au 283
  • 279. Northern Beach Northern Beach Meditation Centre 4 Hurdis Avenue, Frenchs Forest, Sydney, Australia Tel. +(61) 294511-722 NEW ZEALAND Orewa Orewa Meditation Centre 43 Albatross Road, Red Beach, HBC, Auckland, New Zealand, 1461 Tel. +(64) 9-427-4263 Fax. +(64) 9-427-4264 Mobile. +(64) 21-153-8592 Email: orewameditation@yahoo.com.au Dunedin Dunedin Meditation Centre (DDMC) 10 Barnes Drive, Caversham, Dunedin , New Zealand, 9001 Tel. +(64) 3-487-6772 Fax. +(64) 3-487-6775 Email: thep072@yahoo.com SOLOMON ISLANDS Co-ordination Office KITANO WKK JV P.O.BOX 1108 Honiara Solomon Islands Contact : Mr. Sangwian Khanchaiyaphum Tel. +(677) 24808 Fax. +(677) 25460 Email: peleyo3@hotmail.com284
  • 280. æ√–¡ß§≈‡∑æ¡ÿπ’ ( ¥ ®π⁄∑ ‚√) æ√–√“™¿“«π“«‘ ÿ∑∏‘Ï (À≈«ßæàÕ∏—¡¡™‚¬) æ√–¿“«π“«‘√‘¬§ÿ≥ (À≈«ßæàÕ∑—μμ™’‚«)§ÿ≥¬“¬Õ“®“√¬å¡À“√—μπÕÿ∫“ ‘°“®—π∑√å ¢ππ°¬Ÿß πâÕ¡∫Ÿ™“∏√√¡‚¥¬ ‡®â“¿“æ°‘μμ‘¡»—°¥‘Ï摇»… §ÿ≥Õπ—πμå Õ—»«‚¿§‘π ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—« §ÿ≥∫ÿ≠™—¬ ‡∫≠®√ߧ°ÿ≈ ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—« ¥√.ª√–°Õ∫-§ÿ≥«√√≥“ ®‘√°‘μ‘ §ÿ≥‡¡μμ“  ÿ«™‘μ«ß»å 285
  • 281. ‡®â“¿“æ°‘μμ‘¡»—°¥‘Ï æ√–¡À“ ¥√. ¡™“¬ ü“π«ÿ±⁄‚≤ æ√–§√Ÿ‰«‚√®πå «‘‚√®‚π æ√–‡≈‘»™—¬ Õ§⁄§™‚¬ ·≈–§≥–≠“μ‘¡‘μ√ æ√–«√æ®πå Õ§⁄§™‚¬ ·≈–§≥–≠“μ‘¡‘μ√ æ√– ¡ƒ∑∏‘Ï ®π⁄∑“‚¿ æ√–Õ¬ÿ∑∏å ∏¡⁄¡«’‚√ æ√âÕ¡∑’¡æ—π∏ÿå√◊ÈÕ«—ØØ–·≈–·°â«æÿ∑∏“πÿ¿“æ æ√–Õ“®“√¬å ‡®â“Àπâ“∑’Ë ·≈–°—≈œ «—¥æ√–∏√√¡°“¬≈Õπ¥Õπ «—¥æÿ∑∏ μÿ∑∑å°“√å∑ ª√–‡∑»‡¬Õ√¡π’ §ÿ≥∫√√≥æ®πå-∫ÿ…∫“-æ≈¿Ÿ¡‘ ¥“¡“æß»å §ÿ≥æàÕ °≈- Õß «—™√»√’‚√®πå §ÿ≥‡°√’¬ß»—°¥‘Ï- ÿ™“¥“ ®‘√“∏‘«—≤πå ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—« §ÿ≥§≥‘π-¡‘πμ√“-ª«—π ¡≥’‰æ‚√®πå §ÿ≥®—π∑π’ ¡À—»π’»‘√‘πÿ°Ÿ≈, ªí∑¡“- √“«ÿ≤ «‘«‘∏∏π°ÿ≈ §ÿ≥™ÿμ‘¡—πμå §Ÿ√—μπ‡«™ ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—«°‘®«√“π—π∑å §ÿ≥‚™§™—¬ «≈‘μ«√“ߧ尟√, ‚ ¿‘μ §Ÿ ÿ«√√≥ §ÿ≥∏π“«—≤πå-‡ “«π‘μ¬å  ÿ¢—§§“ππ∑å ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—«286
  • 282. §ÿ≥∏—≠≈—°…≥å °Õß∑Õߧÿ≥ª√–∏“π-®‘√“¿√≥å-æ𑥓 æ√¡¡’, ¡√.Õ“°‘Œ‘‚°–-Œ‘∫“√‘ ∑“°“‚Õ°– §ÿ≥ªîμ‘-«—π∑π“ ∫ÿ≠ Ÿß ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—« §ÿ≥‡æÁ≠ ‘π’-«√‡»√…∞å  ÿ«√√≥∑«’‚™μ‘ ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—«§ÿ≥‰æ»“≈ ∑«’™—¬∂“«√, ‡ “«π’ À‘√—≥¬»‘√‘ ·≈–Àâ“ß∑Õß∑«’™—¬ 5 ∑ÿ° “¢“ §ÿ≥¡√°μ-‡æ“æß“ ¡≥’‰æ‚√®πå §ÿ≥«√‡∑æ-πÿ™®‘√“-惰…å»ÿ¿“ß§å »ÿ¿‡¡∏“°√ §ÿ≥«‘‚√®πå- ÿ¡“≈’ √—μπ»‘√‘«‘‰≈ ·≈–∫ÿμ√∏‘¥“ §ÿ≥«’√–«—≤πå  ÿ«√√≥“¿‘√¡¬å, °“¬¥“« ∫ÿ≥¬√—μæ—π∏ÿå §ÿ≥»‘«≠“  √≥“æ‘æ—≤πå §ÿ≥ —πμ‘-æ‘¡æå„®-°™°√ ∑‘ ¬“°√ §ÿ≥ ÿ¡‘μ√-»‘√‘æ√-æ√ ‘∑∏‘Ï ¥à“π«π‘™ §√Õ∫§√—«‰≈ª√–«—μ‘ ¥√.°ƒ…Æ“-∑—»π’¬å ®à“ß„®¡πμå ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—« ∫√‘…—∑ ø“√å¡“ ·Õπ¥å ‡π‡™Õ√—≈ ®”°—¥ ¿“§π§√À≈«ß 6 287
  • 283. ‡®â“¿“æÕÿª∂—¡¿å «—¥æÿ∑∏‡®π’«“ ª√–‡∑» «‘μ‡´Õ√å·≈π¥å «—¥æÿ∑∏ μ√“ ∫Ÿ√å° ª√–‡∑»Ω√—Ë߇»  «—¥¿“«π“´’·Õμ‡μ‘≈ ª√–‡∑» À√—∞Õ‡¡√‘°“ »Ÿπ¬åªØ‘∫—μ‘∏√√¡ÕÕ‡√°Õπ ª√–‡∑» À√—∞Õ‡¡√‘°“ æ√–π∑’ ππ⁄∑¿∑⁄‚∑, «—¥æÿ∑∏¡‘¥π—∑´Ÿ≈ ª√–‡∑»πÕ√凫¬å æ√–¡À“®μÿ√ß§å ®μ⁄μ¡‚≈ ·≈–§≥–≠“μ‘¡‘μ√ °≈ÿࡪؑ∫—μ‘∏√√¡∫â“π‡√◊Õπ·°â« §ÿ≥°ƒ…°√ √—μπ“ ‘π, «‘¿“ æπ“ —πμ‘¿“æ §ÿ≥‡°√’¬ß‰°√-∞‘μ“ ‡®’¬√‰æ‚√®πå ·≈–∫ÿμ√∏‘¥“ §ÿ≥®‡√-«√√≥“-æ√π‘¿“ ‡Õ°«‘°√—¬ §ÿ≥©—μ√ƒ¥’ ‡®’¬√‰æ‚√®πå, ·¡à‰πâ ·´à≈‘È¡ §ÿ≥™—¬√—μπå ‚≈àÀåμ‘«‘°ÿ≈ §ÿ≥≥—∞∑‘æ¬å ¡’·°â« §ÿ≥≥—∞ √«ß «ß»å«∑—≠êŸ, Ωíπ¥≈ ‚≈À≥ÿμ §ÿ≥≥‘æ“√—™ π«≈»√’©“¬ §ÿ≥∑Õß®—π∑√å Õ—È« ·≈π¥å §ÿ≥∏πæ≈-æ—™√’ ∏π– ¡“π‚™§ ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—« §ÿ≥∏π ‘∑∏‘Ï  ‘∑∏‘‚™μ‘æ—π∏å ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—« §ÿ≥πƒ¡≈ Õ¬Ÿà‡Õ’ˬ¡ §ÿ≥∫ÿ≠™—¬-«π‘¥“ ∏—≠≠–«ÿ≤‘ ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—« §ÿ≥ª¿“«’ ¡À“π“¡288
  • 284. §ÿ≥æ—≤π–-æ—≤π“- ÿ∏“¿“-Õπ—≠≠“-≥—Ø∞æ—≤πå Õ‘π∑惰…å §ÿ≥‰æ»“≈-«√√≥’  ÿ™“μ‘°ÿ≈«‘∑¬å ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—«§ÿ≥·¡à«≈’ ‡≈‘»‚°«‘∑¬å, «’√»—°¬å- ÿ¿“¿√ º¥ÿßμ—πμ√–°Ÿ≈ ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—« §ÿ≥‡√◊Õß«‘∑¬å ∏π–‚ ∏√, Õ—ß π“ «‘°‘≥‘¬–∏π’ §ÿ≥«√√≥‡√» ∂ππ°≈“ß Œ“≈‡´≈ §ÿ≥»‘«“¬“ Õ«‚≈°‘‡μ»«√ §ÿ≥ ¡‡°’¬√μ‘-∫√√®∫æ√ »√’∑Õߧ” ·≈–∫ÿμ√∏‘¥“ §ÿ≥ ¡‡°’¬√μ‘-≈¥“«—≈¬å ∫ÿ≠‡°’¬√μ‘∫ÿμ√ ·≈–∫ÿμ√∏‘¥“ §ÿ≥ ¡∂«‘≈ ∫ÿπ𓧧ÿ≥ ¡™“¬-π‘¿“æ√√≥-Õ¿‘™“μ‘-πß°√≥å ®‘«—®©√“πÿ°Ÿ≈ ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—« §ÿ≥ ¡»—°¥‘Ï-‡©≈‘¡»√’-…¡“π—π∑å-°—πμ‘°“≠®πå À— ‡¥™– §ÿ≥ ‘∑∏‘‚™§-™—™™ÿ¥“-¥.™.¿’¡-¥.≠.æÕ„® æπ“¬“ß°Ÿ√ §ÿ≥ ÿ¿»‘…Øå-¡‚π∑‘æ¬å-≥—∞∏“√æ—™√ ®—°√«“≈∏√√¡ §ÿ≥ ÿ¿“æ À“≠§≥‘μ«—≤π“ §ÿ≥ ÿ«‘∑¬å- —≥Àå®ÿ±“-«√æ—∑∏å- ‘√‘≠“ «‘™™“«ÿ∏ §ÿ≥À¡‘ß°«π ≈’-«√√≥°“≠®πå ≈‘¢‘μ∏π√—∞ ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—« §ÿ≥Õ—¡æ√ GIBBS §ÿ≥Õÿ¥¡ ‡¢’¬«ªíôπ §√Õ∫§√—«°—¡æ≈æ“≥‘™«ß»å Õ.æ‘ ¡—¬ · ßÀ‘√—≠ ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—« Õ“ “ ¡—§√¬ÿ«√—μπ–μâÕπ√—∫À≈«ßæàÕ Õÿ∫“ ‘°“ ¡∫—μ‘  ÿ¢πâÕ¬ ·≈–∫ÿμ√∏‘¥“ 289
  • 285. ‡®â“¿“æ°Õß∑ÿπ «—¥°‘Ë«≈¡ ®.‡™’¬ß„À¡à «—¥‰∑¬π“ß“‚πà ª√–‡∑»≠’˪ÿÉπ «—¥¿“«π“§“π“°“«à“ ª√–‡∑»≠’˪ÿÉπ §≥– ß¶å»Ÿπ¬åªØ‘∫—μ‘∏√√¡‚μ‡°’¬« ª√–‡∑»≠’˪ÿÉπ æ√–§√Ÿª≈—¥¿Ÿ‡∫» ¨“π“¿‘ê⁄‚ê æ√–§√Ÿª≈—¥«—π™—¬  ’≈«≥⁄‚≥ æ√– ¡ÿÀåÕ”π«¬»—°¥‘Ï ¡ÿπ‘ °⁄‚° æ√–§√Ÿ«‘π—¬∏√‡™’¬√ «™‘√π“‚∑ æ√–¡À“°¡≈ ü‘μê“‚≥ æ√–¡À“§≥‘π §≥‘π⁄‚∑ æ√–¡À“®”√—  ¿ ⁄ √ê“‚≥ æ√–¡À“®√—≠ ∏¡⁄¡ÿμ⁄μ‚¡ ·≈–§≥–≠“μ‘¡‘μ√ æ√–¡À“≥—∞æß»å ¡≥‘ ÿ‚¢ æ√–¡À“‡©≈‘¡ ªê⁄ê“¿√‚≥ ·≈–§≥–≠“μ‘¡‘μ√ æ√–¡À“∏ß™“μ‘ ‚Õ¿“‚  æ√–¡À“™—™«“≈¬å ‚Õ¿“‚  ·≈–§≥–≠“μ‘¡‘μ√ æ√–¡À“π—∞æ≈ ªê⁄ê“™‚¬ æ√–¡À“™—Øæß»å °μªÿê⁄‚ê ·≈–§≥–≠“μ‘¡‘μ√ æ√–¡À“π‘°√  ÿ∑⁄∏ª —π‚π æ√–¡À“™—¬øÑ“ ∏—ê⁄ê°ÿ‚≈ ·≈–°Õß∫ÿ≠¡À“∑“π∫“√¡’1 æ√–¡À“∫ÿ≠™—¬ ®“√ÿ∑μ⁄‚μ æ√–¡À“∏’√–™—¬ ∏’™™‚¬ ·≈–§≥–≠“μ‘¡‘μ√ æ√–¡À“ª√– ‘∑∏‘Ï ∑‘μ⁄μ‘™‚¬ æ√–¡À“πææ√ ªÿê⁄Ꙃ¬ ·≈–§≥–≠“μ‘¡‘μ√ æ√–¡À“¡πμ√’ ®√‘μ¡π⁄‚μ æ√–¡À“∫ÿ≠≠ƒ∑∏‘Ï Õ‘∑⁄∏‘ªÿê⁄‚ê ·≈–§≥–≠“μ‘¡‘μ√ æ√–¡À“«‘™“ Õ∏‘«‘™⁄‚™ æ√–¡À“ª√– “√ «™‘√™‚¬ ·≈–°≈ÿà¡π—° √â“ß∫“√¡’ŒàÕß°ß æ√–¡À“«‘√—μπå ¡≥‘°π⁄‚μ æ√–¡À“ª√–‡ √‘∞°‘®  ÿ‡¡‚∏ ·≈–°≈ÿà¡∫ÿ≠Õ—»®√√¬åÕπ—πμ°“≈ æ√–¡À“«’√™“μ‘ ®π⁄∑«’‚√ æ√–¡À“¬ÿ∑∏π“ ª¿“‚  ·≈–§≥–≠“μ‘¡‘μ√ æ√–¡À“«’√–™—¬ «’√™‚¬ æ√–¡À“«ÿ≤‘™—¬ «ÿ±⁄≤‘™‚¬ ·≈–§≥–≠“μ‘¡‘μ√ æ√–¡À“ ¡‡°’¬√μ‘ «√¬‚  æ√–¡À“ ‘ßÀπ“∑  ’À™‚¬ æ√–¡À“ ÿ∑∏‘™—¬  ÿ∑⁄∏‘™‚¬ æ√–¡À“ ÿ√æ≈ ™‘π°ÿ‚≈ æ√–¡À“ ÿ√“™ ™“μ‘™ê⁄‚ê æ√–¡À“ ÿ«‘∑¬å ∏¡⁄¡‘°¡ÿπ‘ æ√–¡À“Õ√‘¬– Õ√‘¬™‚¬ æ√–°ÿ»≈  ÿ¿‡πμ⁄‚μ ·≈–§≥–ºŸâπ”∫ÿ≠ æ√–°“√ÿ≥ °“√ÿê⁄ê‚° æ√–‚°«‘∑¬å √μ‘π⁄∏‚√ ·≈–Õ“ “ ¡—§√·ºπ°∏√√¡∫“≈ æ√–¢√√§å™—¬ ¢§⁄§™‚¬ æ√–¢®√¬» ¢π⁄μ‘ ÿ‚¿ ·≈–§≥–≠“μ‘¡‘μ√ æ√–®√‘π∑√å √μπ«≥⁄‚≥ æ√–¢®√»—°¥‘Ï ªÿê⁄ê“°‚√ ·≈–§≥–≠“μ‘¡‘μ√ æ√–®‘√æ—∑∏å °‘μ⁄μ‘¿∑⁄‚∑ æ√–‡®’¬ß(‡μãÕ‡ÀÕ) ª¿“°‚√ ·≈–≠“μ‘¡‘μ√ æ√–®’√–»—°¥‘Ï  μ⁄μ‘ ÿ‚¿ æ√–™¬ÿμ ü“πÿμ⁄μ‚¡ ·≈–§≥–≠“μ‘¡‘μ√ æ√–®ÿ¡æ≈ ªÿê⁄êæ‚≈ æ√–™—¬«—≤πå Õμ⁄μ∑π⁄‚μ ·≈–§≥–≠“μ‘¡‘μ√ æ√–‡®μ Õ∏‘¡ÿμ⁄‚μ æ√–™“≠®‘μ√å ê“≥¬ÿμ⁄‚μ ·≈–°—≈¬“≥¡‘μ√ºŸâ√—°∫ÿ≠ æ√–™—¬¬ß Õμ⁄∂™‚¬ æ√–‰™¬¬» ¬ «Ì‚  ·≈–∫ÿ§≈“°√√ÿàπ 15 øÑ“©Ë”∫ÿ≠ æ√–™—¬¬»  “¡μ⁄∂‘‚° æ√–™“≠™—¬ ªî¬∏¡⁄‚¡ æ√–≥∞æ≈ ≥Ø˛ü«‚√ æ√–≥√ß§å §ÿ‡≥ ‚°290
  • 286. æ√–≥√ߧå ∑π⁄μ®‘μ⁄‚μ æ√–≥—∞¿Ÿ¡‘ ªê⁄ê“«ÿ≤⁄‚± ·≈–§≥–≠“μ‘¡‘μ√æ√–≥—∞∏«ÿ≤‘ Õ“«ÿ∏ªê⁄‚ê æ√–≥—∞«ÿ≤‘ «ÿ±⁄≤‘ππ⁄‚∑ ·≈–§≥–≠“μ‘¡‘μ√æ√–‡¥™ °ÿ≈ ‡μ™™‚¬ æ√–‡¥™“ ‡μ™ ‘∑⁄‚∏ ·≈–§≥–≠“μ‘¡‘μ√æ√–∂«—≈¬å ®μ⁄μ¡‚≈ æ√–∂«—≈¬å»—°¥‘Ï ¬μ‘ °⁄‚°æ√–∂“«√ ∂“«‚√ æ√–∑√ß«ÿ≤‘ ™¬«ÿ±⁄‚≤æ√–∑«’»—°¥‘Ï ü“π“√‚À æ√–∏‡πμ√å ·≈–§≥–≠“μ‘¡‘μ√æ√–∏π«—≤πå °π⁄μ ’‚≈ æ√–∏√√¡πŸ≠ ∏¡⁄‡¡ ‚° ·≈–§≥–≠“μ‘¡‘μ√æ√–∏’√æ≈ §ÿ‡≥ ‚π æ√–∏√√¡»—°¥‘Ï ®“√ÿ∏¡⁄‚¡ ·≈–°≈ÿà¡√«¡∫“√¡’æ√–∏’√æ≈ æ≈∏‚√ æ√–∏’√æ—≤πå °ÿ≈∏’‚√æ√–∏’√– Õμ⁄μ∑π⁄‚μ æ√–∏’√–¬ÿ∑∏‘Ï  ‘√‘§ÿμ⁄‚μæ√–∫ÿ≠‡∑’¬¡ ªÿê⁄êªÿ≥⁄‚≥ æ√–ª°ªÑÕß §ÿμ⁄μ«Ì‚  ·≈–§≥–≠“μ‘¡‘μ√æ√–ª√‡¡…∞å ª√¡ ®⁄‚® æ√–ª√–°ƒμ‘ ªê⁄ê“∏‚√æ√–ª√–¥‘…∞å Õ√‘ê⁄™‚¬ æ√–ª√–∏“π §ÿ≥«’‚√ ·≈–§≥–≠“μ‘¡‘μ√æ√–ª√–‡«»πå «√“ ‚¬ æ√–ª√–¿“  ®π⁄∑“‚¿ ·≈–§≥–≠“μ‘¡‘μ√æ√–ª√– ‘∑∏‘Ï ‡«ªÿ≈⁄‚≈ æ√–ª√—™≠“ ªê⁄ê“∏‘‚° ·≈–°≈ÿࡇ™◊ËÕ¡ “¬∫ÿ≠°—∫¡À“ªŸ™π’¬“®“√¬åæ√–ª√‘≠≠“ ∑‘μ⁄μê“‚≥ æ√–ªƒ…Æ“ß§å  ¡ß⁄§‘‚°æ√–æß»åæ‘π‘® «Ì ∏’‚√ æ√–º®≠ ‡∂√∏¡⁄‚¡ ·≈–§≥–æ√–æ™√ππ∑å °‘μ⁄μππ⁄‚∑ æ√–‡º¥Á® ®‘√°ÿ‚≈ ·≈–§≥–°—≈œ «—¥æÿ∑∏‡Õ“ ∫«√å°æ√–æ√‡∑æ ê“≥§ÿ‚≥ æ√–æ≈»—°¥‘Ï ü“π °⁄‚° ·≈–§≥–≠“μ‘¡‘μ√æ√–æ‘™‘μ  ÿ«‘™‘‚μ æ√–æ—π∏ÿå‡Õ° ü“π °⁄‚° ·≈–§≥–≠“μ‘¡‘μ√æ√–摇™∞ Õ§⁄§‚√®‚π æ√–æ‘ ÿ∑∏‘Ï ü“π ÿ∑⁄‚∏ ·≈–§≥–≠“μ‘¡‘μ√æ√–æ‘ ‘∞æß»å  ‘√‘«±⁄≤‚π æ√–¿“§ √«‘«≥⁄‚≥ ·≈–§≥–≠“μ‘¡‘μ√æ√–‰æ∫Ÿ≈¬å §ÿ≥ªÿ≥⁄‚≥ æ√–¿‘°…ÿ√ÿàπ 14 ≈Ÿ°æ√–∏—¡œæ√–¿‘°…ÿ√ÿàπ 15 ªï 2542 æ√–¿‘°…ÿ√ÿàπ 16 ª∞¡ ¡‚¿™æ√–¿‘°…ÿ√ÿàπ 18-19 æ√–¿‘°…ÿ√ÿàπ 21  ”‡√Á®∑ÿ°Õ¬à“ßæ√–¿‘°…ÿ√ÿàπ 7 ªï 2534 æ√–¿‘°…ÿÀ¡Ÿà°ÿØ‘æ√– 406 ·≈–§≥–≠“μ‘¡‘μ√æ√–¬ÿ∑∏π“ ™ÿμ‘π⁄∏‚√ æ√–¿Ÿ«π“∑ π“∂°‚√ ·≈–§≥–≠“μ‘¡‘μ√æ√–√—ß ƒ…¥‘Ï Õ‘∑⁄∏‘®‘π⁄μ‚° æ√–√—»¡’ √Ì ‘∏¡⁄‚¡ ·≈–§≥–≠“μ‘¡‘μ√æ√–«√¬» ¬ «‚√ æ√–«√æ®πå «√§ÿ‚≥ ·≈–æ√–¿‘°…ÿ√ÿàπ 17  ”‡√Á®«‘™™“æ√–« —πμå  ‘√‘ ÿ‚¿ æ√–«‘™—¬ ®‘μ⁄μ√°⁄¢‘‚μ ·≈–§≥–≠“μ‘¡‘μ√æ√–«“√‘  μ‘≥⁄≥∂∑⁄‚∏ æ√–«‘™‘μ  ‘√‘ªÿ≥⁄‚≥ ·≈–§≥–≠“μ‘¡‘μ√æ√–«‘™‘μ °‘®⁄®™‚¬ æ√–«’√æß…å ®π⁄∑‚ ¿‚≥ ·≈–§≥–≠“μ‘¡‘μ√æ√–«ÿ≤‘ Õ¿‘«ÿ±⁄‚≤ æ√–«ÿ±≤å  ÿ«ÿ±⁄≤‘‚° ·≈–≠“μ‘¡‘μ√ 291
  • 287. æ√–»‘‡«…∞å ®“√ÿ∏¡⁄‚¡ æ√–«ÿ≤‘æß»å «ÿ±⁄≤‘«Ì‚  ·≈–«—¥¿“«π“ø≈Õ√‘¥â“ æ√– ∂“æ√ °‘®⁄®«—≤‚° æ√– ∂“æ√ ê“≥«‘™⁄‚™ æ√– π“¡ ¿Ÿ√‘ ’‚≈ æ√– ¡§‘¥ ®‘μ⁄μ«Ì‚  æ√– ¡™“¬  ÿ§π⁄‚∏ æ√– ¡™“¬ Õ§⁄§™ê⁄‚ê æ√– ¡π÷° ¨“π«‚√ æ√– ¡æ√ ©π⁄∑«‚√ ·≈–ΩÉ“¬‚¿™π“°“√ æ√– ¡¬» ªÿ≥⁄≥¬‚  æ√– √√™¬ 𓧙‚¬ ·≈–§≥–‡æ‘Ë¡æŸπ∫ÿ≠∫“√¡’ æ√– À«—®πå °«‘∑μ⁄‚μ æ√– —πμ‘ ®‘μ⁄μ —π‚μ æ√– “¡“√∂  ÿ¢æπ⁄‚∏ æ√– ÿ‡¡∏  ÿ‡¡∏ü‘‚μ æ√– ‘∑∏‘‚™§  ‘∑⁄∏‘¿‚§ æ√– ÿ¢ —πμå  ÿ¢ π⁄‚μ ·≈–§≥–≠“μ‘¡‘μ√ æ√– ‘√‘ §ÿ≥“°‚√ æ√– ÿ™“μ‘  ÿ™“‚μ ·≈–°≈ÿà¡„®„ À“¥„À≠à æ√– ÿ™“μ‘  ÿ‚√®‚π æ√– ÿ√»—°¥‘Ï  ÿ√ °⁄‚° ·≈–§≥–∫â“π°—≈œ «—¥ª“°πÈ” ¿“…’‡®√‘≠ æ√– ÿ‡∑æ ≠“≥ÿμ⁄μ‚¡ æ√– ÿ√—μπå Õ§⁄§™‚μ ·≈–°≈ÿࡺŸâ√—°∫ÿ≠√—°∏√√¡– æ√– ÿ√™“μ‘ ©«‘«≥⁄‚≥ æ√– ÿ«‘™—¬ Õ∏‘™‚¬ ·≈–™¡√¡∏√√¡∑“¬“∑√ÿàπºŸâ∫√‘À“√ æ√– ÿ√‡™…∞å Õ§⁄§ªÿê⁄‚ê æ√–‚ ¿≥ ‚ ¿‚≥ ·≈–§≥–≠“μ‘¡‘μ√ æ√–À‘√—≠ ∞‘μ«±⁄≤‚π æ√–Õπÿ √≥å ü‘μπ“‚∂ ·≈–æ’ËπâÕߧ≥–≠“μ‘¡‘μ√ æ√–Õ¥‘‡»√…∞å ®π⁄∑‡ Ø˛‚ü æ√–Õ¬ÿ∑∏å ∏¡⁄¡«’‚√ æ√âÕ¡™¡√¡ √â“߇ √‘¡§π¥’ “°≈ æ√–Õ쑧ÿ≥ ü‘μ“‚√ æ√–Õ√—≠¬ÿ∑∏å ü‘μ§π⁄‚∏ ·≈–§≥–≠“μ‘¡‘μ√ æ√–Õπ—πμå μ‚¡πÿ‚∑ æ√–Õ—…Æ“ß§å  ‘√‘ªÿê⁄‚ê ·≈–§≥–≠“μ‘¡‘μ√ æ√–Õ¿‘‡¥™ ®‘μ⁄μ∑π⁄‚μ æ√–Õ“®“√¬å æ√–æ’ˇ≈’Ȭßæ√–π«°ªï 2550 æ√–Õ¿‘√—°…å Õ¿‘√°⁄‚¢ æ√–Õ“®“√¬å ·≈– “¡‡≥√·°â«∫ÿ≠ªï 50 æ√–Õ√√∂«‘∑ Õμ⁄∂°‚√ æ√–Õ“®“√¬å ·≈–Õ“ “ ¡—§√·ºπ° VIP æ√–Õ“√—°…å ¿Ÿ√‘«±⁄≤‚° æ√–Õ“®“√¬å, ‡®â“Àπâ“∑’Ë ·≈–ºŸâπ”∫ÿ≠¿“§π§√À≈«ß 8 æ√–Õ“√’æß»å ∏¡⁄¡‘‚° æ√–Õ“®“√¬å-‡®â“Àπâ“∑’ËÕ“ “ ¡—§√ °Õß√—°…“∫√√¬“°“» æ√–Õ”π“® ‡À¡«Ì‚  æ√–Õ“®“√¬å-æ’ˇ≈’Ȭߥհ‰¡â∫“π ªØ‘∫—μ‘∏√√¡ºŸâπ”∫ÿ≠ æ√–Õÿ¥¡ ¬μ‘ ⁄ ‚√ æ√–Õ“®“√¬å·≈–ºŸâª√– “πß“π·°â«¿Ÿ∏√¿“§μ–«—πÕÕ° æ√–‚Õ¿“  ªê⁄ê“‚¿ æ√–Õÿ°ƒ…≥å Õÿμ⁄μ‚¡ ·≈–§≥–≠“μ‘¡‘μ√  “¡‡≥√ªî¬≥—∞ ‡ª√¡ª√“‚¡∑¬å  “¡‡≥√™“≠™—¬ «√«ß»å,  “¡‡≥√ª√–‚¬§ 6 ∑ÿ°√Ÿª  “¡‡≥√«ÿ≤‘™—¬ À¡Õπ∑Õß  “¡‡≥√«—π‡©≈‘¡ · ß∑Õß, °¡≈æ—≤πå ®‘√—μπ噫ππ∑å À¡Ÿà°ÿØ‘ “¡‡≥√‡ª√’¬≠∏√√¡  “¡‡≥√Õπ‘√ÿ®πå °ÿ¡¿“ ·≈–≠“μ‘¡‘μ√ °≈ÿ¡·°â«‡μ‘¡∫ÿ≠ à °≈ÿà¡ THE POWER OF MERIT °≈ÿà¡·°â««‘ ÿ∑∏‘∏√√¡ °≈ÿà¡¥«ß∫ÿ≠∫Õ μ—π °≈ÿ¡∑’ ¥·Ààß∏√√¡ à Ëÿ °≈ÿà¡∫“ßæ≈’-√“™“‡∑«– °≈ÿ¡∫ÿ≠·°â« à °≈ÿà¡¡≥’®—°√«“≈¥Ÿ‰∫292
  • 288. °≈ÿà¡¡≥’®—°√«“≈∫√Ÿ‰π °≈ÿà¡¡≥’®—°√«“≈∫“Àå‡√π°≈ÿà¡¡À—»®√√¬å·Ààß∫ÿ≠ °≈ÿà¡¡—™¨‘¡“ ¿“§ 4 ·≈–≠“μ‘¡‘μ√°≈ÿà¡√«¬∑–≈ÿøÑ“ °≈ÿà¡¡—∑´÷‚¡‚μâ «—¥‰∑¬π“ß“‚πà ª√–‡∑»≠’˪ÿÉπ°≈ÿà¡≈Ÿ°·°â« 29 °≈ÿà¡√—μπ‚™μ‘-®ÿ¥ÕÕ°√∂ π“¡À≈«ß°≈ÿà¡ —¡¡“Õ–√–À—ß ‡™’¬ß„À¡à °≈ÿà¡√“¡≈Ÿ°æ√–∏—¡œ ¿“§π§√À≈«ß 4°≈ÿà¡ “πΩíπæàÕ ”‡√Á® °≈ÿà¡ “¬∏√√¡≈â“π𓇙’¬ß„À¡à°≈ÿ¡ “¬∏√√¡Õÿ¥¡ ÿ¢ à °≈ÿà¡ ”‡√Á®¥â«¬∫ÿ≠ ¿“§ 5°≈ÿà¡ “¬ —¡æ—π∏å °≈ÿà¡ ”‚√ß·°â«·≈–®ÿ¥®Õ¥√∂ ”‚√ß°ÕßμâÕπ√—∫Õ“§“√À≈—° °ÕßμâÕπ√—∫·≈–Õ∫√¡™“«μà“ߪ√–‡∑»°Õß∫ÿ≠·°â« ¡∫—μ‘®—°√æ√√¥‘Ï °—≈¬“≥¡‘μ√™“« ÿæ√√≥∫ÿ√’·≈–ºŸâª√– “πß“π°—≈¬“≥¡‘μ√™“« ÿ‰Àß‚°-≈° §√Õ∫§√—«°«’«—®πå∂“¬“§√Õ∫§√—«°‘μμ‘Õÿ¥¡ §√Õ∫§√—«°‘μ‘ ÿ√—μπåæß»å§√Õ∫§√—«°‘μ‚‘  ¿“°ÿ≈-«“®√—μπå §√Õ∫§√—«°ÿ≈®‘μμ‘«“≥‘™¬å·≈–≠“μ‘ʧ√Õ∫§√—«‡°◊ÈÕ°Ÿ≈«ß»å™—¬ §√Õ∫§√—«·°¡∑Õߧ√Õ∫§√—«®—π¥“«ß…å §√Õ∫§√—«®—π∑π“§√Õ∫§√—«®—π∑√å √æß»å ‘‘ §√Õ∫§√—«®—π∑√°“πμå-ª√–¿“«—μ§√Õ∫§√—«®“√ÿ∑√√»π“ §√Õ∫§√—«®‘√»ÿ¿°√, §√Õ∫§√—«§≈Ÿ‡«Õ√å ·≈–¥.≠.∫ÿ≠√«’§√Õ∫§√—«©‘π àß∏’√–æ“π‘™ §√Õ∫§√—«™“≠ª√’™“°ÿ≈§√Õ∫§√—«μ—È߇撬√ §√Õ∫§√—«μ—πμ‘π‘√“¡—¬-∞‘μ‘«√“¿√≥å§√Õ∫§√—«·μàß™“μ‘ §√Õ∫§√—«‡μ™–∑«’«—≤πå ·≈–‡∑Á°´—  ÿ°’ȧ√Õ∫§√—«‚μ ß«π §√Õ∫§√—«∑√ß· ß∏√√¡§√Õ∫§√—«∑Õß¡“≈—¬ §√Õ∫§√—«∑‘æ¬å∑‘æ“°√§√Õ∫§√—«‰∑¬°“√¬“ß §√Õ∫§√—«∏𗙇¡∑‘π’§√Õ∫§√—«∫ÿ≠‚μ §√Õ∫§√—«∏’√∏√√¡ °ÿ≈ ·≈–‚™μπ¿Ÿμ‘§√Õ∫§√—«∫ÿ≠π” ÿ¢ §√Õ∫§√—«∫Ÿ≈¬åª√–¡ÿ¢ ·≈–™Ÿ- ÿ¡“≈’ πâÕ¬©‘¡§√Õ∫§√—«ª√–‡ √‘∞§ÿ≥—≠≠“ §√Õ∫§√—«ΩŸß∑Õ߇®√‘≠§√Õ∫§√—«æ—™√–‚ ¿≥ §√Õ∫§√—«æ—≤π–∏‡π»§√Õ∫§√—«æ—«∑«’ §√Õ∫§√—«‡æ‘Ë¡‚¿§“-°‘®∫”√ÿß ·≈–¡“°∑Õߧ√Õ∫§√—«‚æ∏‘®π∑®‘𥓠— §√Õ∫§√—«øí°¡≥’ ·≈–ÀÕæ—°¥«ß·°â«§√Õ∫§√—«¬»«—≤πå ª“π‚μ §√Õ∫§√—«¡—ߧ≈–§’√’, ‚√߇√’¬π∫â“π§à“¬ ®.√–¬Õߧ√Õ∫§√—«√ÿ®æπ∏åæ“π‘™ ‘— §√Õ∫§√—«√ÿàß°√ÿ¥-§√Õ∫§√—«»‘√‘æ—π∏å§√Õ∫§√—«‚√®πå√ÿà߇√◊Õß §√Õ∫§√—«‡≈à“∫ÿ≠≈◊Õ§√Õ∫§√—«‚≈À–‡®√‘≠«π‘™ §√Õ∫§√—«‚≈À“√™ÿπ 293
  • 289. §√Õ∫§√—««™‘√–π—π∑°ÿ≈ §√Õ∫§√—««√√≥»√’ §√Õ∫§√—««“≥‘™™—™«“≈¬å §√Õ∫§√—««‘‡»…»ÿ¿√—μπå §√Õ∫§√—«»√’»ÿ¿Õ—°…√ §√Õ∫§√—«»‘√ª√–¿“æƒ∑∏‘Ï §√Õ∫§√—« π‘∑¡“° §√Õ∫§√—« —ß«√≥å §√Õ∫§√—« —쬓Àÿ√°…å — §√Õ∫§√—« ÿ§μ– §√Õ∫§√—« ÿ«√√≥¡≥’·¥ß §√Õ∫§√—« ÿ«‘»‘…∞åæß»å §√Õ∫§√—«‡À¡æ√À¡√“™ §√Õ∫§√—«‡À≈◊Õ߉™¬√—μπå §√Õ∫§√—«Õ√à“¡æß…åæ—π∏å §√Õ∫§√—«Õ—»¥√¥”√ߧ噗¬ §√Õ∫§√—«Õ—»¥“ ÿ¢ §√Õ∫§√—«Õ‘π∑√å‰∑√ §√Õ∫§√—«Õÿ§√“π—π∑å §√Õ∫§√—«Õÿ¥¡√ÿà߇√◊Õߺ≈ §√Õ∫§√—«‡Õ’ˬ¡°”™—¬ §√Õ∫§√—«‡Õ◊Õ™Ÿ®μμå È ‘ §ÿ≥°π°π—π∑å ‡≈‘»π‘μ‘æß»å §ÿ≥°ß„® ‚ · ππâÕ¬ ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—« §ÿ≥°π°√—μπå Õ¬Ÿà «— ¥‘Ï §ÿ≥°π°∑‘æ¬å- ÿ«√√≥“ ‡≈‘»ª√–‡ √‘∞√—μπå §ÿ≥°π‘…∞“ ∫ÿ≠Õ“®‘πμå §ÿ≥°π‘…∞“-SIEGFRIED SCHMOLZ §ÿ≥°¡≈æ√ ‡√◊Õß¿—°¥’ §ÿ≥°¡≈™π°-∏√“¥≈-™¡æŸπÿ∑-π.μ. “¬™≈ √Õ¥∂πÕ¡ §ÿ≥°¡≈√—μπå ©—μ√°—π¿—¬ §ÿ≥°¡≈∑‘æ¬å ∂“«√§ÿ≥“°√ ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—« §ÿ≥°¡≈√—μπå „μâ∏ß™—¬ §ÿ≥°¡≈-ª√’¬ √≥å · ß∑Õßæ‘π‘® §ÿ≥°¡≈-Õÿ∫≈ ¡‘Ë߇¡◊Õß §ÿ≥°¡≈≈—°…≥å-»ÿ¿“π—π Õπ—πμåπ“«’πÿ √≥å §ÿ≥°√ ·°â«¬– §ÿ≥°√°™ Õ¡√‡∑æ√—°…å,  ¡ªÕß æ√À¡«‘™—¬ §ÿ≥°√°π° ‡Õ’ˬ¡«‘√‘¬“«—≤πå §ÿ≥°√√≥‘°“  ÿ∑∏‘∂«‘≈, Õ—ß°Ÿ√  ÿ¢√«’°ÿ≈ §ÿ≥°√ÿ≥“ ¬ÿ«“ππ∑å §ÿ≥°√—≥¬å- ÿ¿“æ√√≥  ßà“»√’ ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—« §ÿ≥°ƒ…-¢«—≠ƒ¥’ »√’Õπ—πμππ∑å §ÿ≥°ƒμ¬“ Õπÿ«—≤π廑√‘, Õ—¡æ√ ∏π‘π∑√“ππ∑å ·≈–≈Ÿ°Ê §ÿ≥°ƒ…≥“ §” ‘π §ÿ≥°ƒ»«—™√å-‡ “«≈—°…≥å-¥«ß·°â«-¥«ßæ√ °√«‘®‘μμ廑≈ªá §ÿ≥°ƒ…≥“-«π‘¥“ Õÿàπ®‘μμ‘°ÿ≈ §ÿ≥°ƒ…≥åØ‘¡“ ®‘μμå«‘∫Ÿ≈¬å ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—« §ÿ≥°«“ߌÿ¬-‡©≈“ Õπÿ°Ÿ≈«—≤π“ §ÿ≥°«’- ÿ°—≠≠“ ‡«™¬—πμå«‘«—≤πå, ∫.∫®°.∫“߉ºàÕ–‰À≈à μ≈“¥‰∑ §ÿ≥°Õ∫°ÿ≈ ∑“§“‚πà §ÿ≥°Õ∫‡°’¬√μ‘-°π°¿√≥å-¿—§§æß»å §ÿଠ¡„® §ÿ≥°—≠≠“  ÿ«√√≥‡ ¡ §ÿ≥°—ß ¥“≈ ‚™§∞‘μ‘Õ”π«¬ ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—« §ÿ≥°—≥À“ Õ√√≥æ‡æÁ™√ §ÿ≥°—≠≠å√°√≥å »√’ºàÕß °ÿ≈ ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—« §ÿ≥°—≈¬“ ª√– ¡»—°¥‘Ï §ÿ≥°—≠≠“ „μâ∏ß™—¬, ∏π»—°¥‘Ï-ª“√ÿ -°‘μ‘∏√  ÿ√–ª√–‡ √‘∞ §ÿ≥°—≈¬“  ÿ¢ ”√“≠ ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—« §ÿ≥°—≥¡‘μ»‘≥’-∏’¬“¨æ—μ∑å-»√’«√“Àå √—ß ‘æ√“À¡≥°ÿ≈ §ÿ≥°—≈¬“-®‘𥓠«√√∏π√’¬™“μ‘ §ÿ≥°—¡æ≈-®√√¬“-®—°√æ—π∏ÿå-»—π π’¬å-«’√–æß»å ™ÿ¡æ≈∫—≠™√ §ÿ≥°“≠®π“ ®‘√æ߅凡μμå ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—« §ÿ≥°“≠®π“ ™π ¬Õß ·≈–°≈ÿࡪ√–°“¬∏√√¡ §ÿ≥°“≠®π“ ¥’‡Õπ°, «’√–«√√≥ «àÕ߉« §ÿ≥°“≠®π“ æ“π∑Õß ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—«294
  • 290. §ÿ≥°“≠®π“  π∏‘‚æ∏‘Ï §ÿ≥°“≠®π“ -«‘±Ÿ√¬å μ—π ÿ«√√≥√—μπå§ÿ≥°“𥓠‰æ∫Ÿ≈¬åæŸπº≈ §ÿ≥°“≠®π“-æ߅凥™ ª√–™“∏”√ߧÿ≥°“π¥“-™π‘°√ ππ∑·°â« §ÿ≥°“≠®π“- ¡ªÕß-¡≈‘«—≈¬å-‡¬“«‡√»-√‘¬“¿√≥å§ÿ≥°‘Ëߥ“« §ß«—π §ÿ≥°“≠®π“- ÿª√’™“-· ß∑‘æ¬å ∫”√ÿß™’æ§ÿ≥°‘μμ‘™—¬ ‡™◊ÈÕ√—μπæß…å §ÿ≥°“π¥“- ÿπ’¬å-°π°√—μπå · ß∑Õßæ‘𑮧ÿ≥°‘μμ‘™—¬- “√‘≥’ »‘√‘ ÿ¢™—¬«ÿ≤‘ §ÿ≥°”∏√-‡®√‘≠-«‘»‘…∞å  ÿ¢’‰æ»“≈‡®√‘≠§ÿ≥°‘μμ‘-«—≈≈’¬å ∫ÿ≠´◊ËÕ §ÿ≥°‘®™—¬- ÿ√—μπå-¶“√«’ ‚™§§ÿ≥–«—≤π“ ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—«§ÿ≥°ÿ≥√—μπå ‡æ™√æ≈“°√ §ÿ≥°‘®≥’ μ—Èß —®®“πÿ√—°…å ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—«§ÿ≥°ÿ≈¬“ æ÷Ëßæÿà¡ ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—« §ÿ≥°‘®«—≤π“-°¡≈æ√ ¡≥’√—°…å ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—«§ÿ≥°ÿ≈¬‘μ ®—π∑√å»√’™«“≈“ §ÿ≥°‘® ¡‘™¨πå √—μπ»‘√‘∑√—æ¬å ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—«§ÿ≥‡°μÿ°“≠®πå-¥.™.‚ÕÓ√‘°™å ®Ÿ±–»√ §ÿ≥°‘μμ‘-√». ”√«¬-π—Ø»«—≠®å-ªÿ≥¬°√ °‘μμ‘≈“¿“ππ∑å§ÿ≥‡°…¡- ßà“ · ß∑Õßæ‘π‘® §ÿ≥°‘μ‘æß…å-∑»æ√-¢«—≠‡πμ√ ªî¬–æ‘∑—°…å«ß»å§ÿ≥‡°…√“æ√ À“≠§” ·≈–À¡Ÿà≠“μ‘ §ÿ≥°‘¡§Ÿ≥-πâÕ¬-‡æÁ≠»√’ ¿Ÿ¡‘√—μπª√–æ‘≥§ÿ≥‡°’¬√μ‘°âÕß ∏√≥‘π∑√å ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—« §ÿ≥°‘È¡À≈‘« Õ—°°–«‘‡πμ ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—«§ÿ≥‡°’¬√쑧ÿ≥ ‡æ‘Ë¡Õ√ÿ≥ §ÿ≥°’√μ‘-Õ√∑—¬-™«π‘π∑√å-™π“°“πμå ‡≈‘»æß»å‰æ∫Ÿ≈¬å§ÿ≥‚°»≥ ª≈◊È¡„® §ÿ≥‡°¬Ÿ√-™≈¥“-≥—™«‘π∑å-«‘≈“«√√≥å-≈¥“«—≈¬å-∫√√®ß ‰« Ÿß‡π‘π§ÿ≥‰°√ √ Õ‘π∑æ‘∫Ÿ≈¬å §ÿ≥‡°√’¬ß‰°√- ÿª√“≥’ ∑√—æ¬å ÿ¢ ‘√‘ ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—«§ÿ≥¢π‘…∞“  π∏‘‚æ∏‘Ï ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—« §ÿ≥‡°√’¬ß»—°¥‘Ï-»‘√‘æ√-π‘√¡≈ ‡μ’¬ßæ‘∑¬“°√ ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—«§ÿ≥¢«—≠„® « ÿ∏“ππ∑å §ÿ≥‚°‡¡∑√å ‡μ’¬ß‡°μÿ, ‚∑‚¡¡‘ ‚¡√’§“«“§ÿ≥‡¢¡‘°“ ™π‘¥“¿“∏‘…≥ §ÿ≥¢π‘…∞“ »√’¥’, Mr.YAMADA YASUTAKA§ÿ≥§ß»—°¥‘Ï-Õ“√’¬å ‡æÁ™√‡≈‘» §ÿ≥§≥‘»√-≥—Ø∞å∏‘¥“ ®—π∑√ ∂‘μ¬å ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—«§ÿ≥§¡°√‘™ Õÿ‡∑π ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—« §ÿ≥§¡»“≥-°“√≥å¡ÿ¢ ¿≥§™“‡¥™§ÿ≥§à“‡ßÁ° ·´à‡∫ä §ÿ≥§√Ÿ√–√◊Ëπ-¥™.ªîμ‘ π‘§¡¢” ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—«§ÿ≥§”æ—Ë«-‰μ§” ‡π“«–√—ß ’ §ÿ≥§”„ -§”·∑àπ-§”ÕàÕπ-æ«ß‡æ™√-‡«’¬ß§”§ÿ≥‡§√◊Õ‡æÁ≠ ‡ÀÁπ‰μ√√—μπå §ÿ≥‚§«Õ‘®‘-‰ª√¬¥“-¥.≠.§‘À¡‘‡Õ– ‡Õ‚π‚¡‚μ–§ÿ≥‡§√◊Õ«—≈¬å »‘√‘æ√À¡‚™μ‘ §ÿ≥®ß√—°…å-Õ¡√“¿√≥å- ÿ¥“√—μπå-Õπÿæß…å ∫√‘ ÿ∑∏‘ϧÿ≥ß“¡„® ∫’¬Õπ‡π  å §ÿ≥®√√¬“-¥.≠.∫ÿ≠·°â«-·¡à®√’-Mr.YOSHIO-æàÕæÿ≤‘æ—π∏å§ÿ≥ß“¡μ“ æ®π°√‚°»≈ §ÿ≥®√√¬“-¥«ß„®- ¡ªÕß ‚©¡»‘«–æ—π∏å§ÿ≥®ß®‘μμå «√æ®πå∏πæß»å §ÿ≥®μÿæØ æ—«∑«’ ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—«§ÿ≥®√√¬“ ÀπàÕ·°â« §ÿ≥®√—≠«‘∑¬å-≈“«—≥¬å-§≥‘»√“  ‘∑∏‘«ß»å§ÿ≥®√— æ√ 惰…“°√ ·≈–∏‘¥“ §ÿ≥®√—≈-¡“≈“- ÿ¿“‡æÁ≠ ∫”√ÿß«ß»å§ÿ≥®√— »√’ æÕ≈≈å¡—ππå §ÿ≥®√— æ√ «‘¿“°√«‘∑¬å ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—«§ÿ≥®√Ÿ≠-‡Õ’ˬ¡-§”‡æ™√ ‡ π“πÿ™ §ÿ≥®√— »√’ «àÕß«‘∑¬å‡¥™“ ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—« 295
  • 291. §ÿ≥®—π§π‘μ¬å ®Ÿ °ÿ≈«‘®‘μ√ §ÿ≥®–‡¥Á¥-ÀπŸ®’π  ÿ«√√≥∏√√¡“ ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—« §ÿ≥®—π∑π“ ‡¡∏’°√’∑‡π  §ÿ≥®—°√‡¥™-®—π∑√√—μπå ©—πμ√–°Ÿ≈‡°…¡ §ÿ≥®—π∑√å ‚æ∏‘ §ÿ≥®—π®‘√“  ÿ°„ , ©≈Õß™—¬ μ—Èßμ√–°“√æß…å §ÿ≥®—π∑√åμ√’ ‡™◊ÈÕ –Õ“¥ §ÿ≥®—π∑π“ ‡≈Á°¡“° ·≈– ¡“™‘°™¡√¡ºŸâ π—∫ πÿπ Õ ¡. §ÿ≥®—π∑√å∑√—æ¬å »‘««√«ß»å §ÿ≥®—π∑π“ ‡≈Á°¡“°, ®‘¥“¿“-‡πμ√π¿“ ·ªÑπª√ÿß §ÿ≥®—π∑√å‡æÁß π“¡·¥ß §ÿ≥®—π∑π’ ¬‘Ë߬«¥,  ÿ¥™‘μ ‡∑ææ“π‘™ §ÿ≥®—π∑√å·√¡ ®”ª“ÕàÕπ §ÿ≥®—π∑√ ®—π∑√“∑‘æ¬å ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—« §ÿ≥®—π∑√å ÿ¢ »√’∑–«ß»å §ÿ≥®—π∑√å«‘¿“-滫’√å-¥.™.∏°√-¥.≠.°“𥓠Õπ—πμå∞“π‘μ §ÿ≥®“√ÿ≥’- “«‘μ√’ ∫√‘∫Ÿ√≥å §ÿ≥®—π∑√åÕ√à“¡-‡¡∏’ π“§∑Õß §ÿ≥®“√ÿ«√√≥ ¥ÿ…Æ’°√°ÿ≈ §ÿ≥®—π¡≥’-Mr.RICARDO-DENIS HORISAWA §ÿ≥®“√ÿ…“ §ß “§√ §ÿ≥®“√ÿ¿√≥å- ‘√‘«√√≥ Õπ—πμå ÿ¢ °ÿ≈ §ÿ≥®”π«π π√‡»√…∞‚ ¿≥ §ÿ≥®”πߧå-πß≈—°…≥å-≥—Ø∞™—¬ æ—¥‡Õ’ˬ¡ §ÿ≥®‘μμ‘¡“  “¬·°â« π‘«μ—π §ÿ≥®‘μμ√ß-ª√“≥’- ÿ¥ª√“√∂π“-≥—Ø∞«—≤πå ®“√ÿ™“μ §ÿ≥®‘μ√“√’-®‘μ√“«¥’ ‚√À‘μ∏√√¡æ√ §ÿ≥®‘μμ«ÿ≤‘ ≈‘È¡»‘√‘‡»√…∞°ÿ≈ ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—« §ÿ≥®‘𥓠§∑“«ÿ∏æπæ—π∏å §ÿ≥®‘μμ‘æ√ °√Õ∫‡æ™√, ª√–¥‘…∞“-Àƒ°…Æå ¢ÿπ‡ªï¬ §ÿ≥®‘𥓠®÷ß√—°‡ √’™—¬ §ÿ≥®‘μμ‘¡“ ¡“𖉙¬√—°…å, ¥™.«√®‘μ »ÿ¿°√¡ß§≈ §ÿ≥®‘𥓠¡’æ®πå‡æ√“– §ÿ≥®‘μμ‘¡“ «ß»å ∂‘μ¬åæ√ ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—« §ÿ≥®‘𥓠√—μπ‚¿§“ §ÿ≥®‘μ√“¿√≥å-‡§π®‘ ¬“¡“™‘μ–-æ√∑‘æ“ ≥ π§√ §ÿ≥®‘π¥“¡≥’ ‡√◊Õß®ÿ⬠§ÿ≥®‘π¥“√—μπå-TAKAAKI SASAGAWA, TOKYO BUSINESS FORUM §ÿ≥®‘πμπ“ ¥”√ߧ少®¡—Ëπ §ÿ≥®‘𥓫√√≥-‚ √≠“ «àÕ߇®√‘≠ ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—« §ÿ≥®‘πμπ“ «—®©≈æß…å §ÿ≥®‘πμπ“ ∑“§“´‘π“ ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—« §ÿ≥®‘πμπ“  —߶¡“ππ∑å §ÿ≥®‘πμπ“-Mr.ASANO-¥.™.HITOSHI ASANO §ÿ≥®‘√°‘μμ‘Ï ‡®“μ√–°Ÿ≈ §ÿ≥®‘√æ√  ‘π àß ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—« §ÿ≥®‘√«ÿ≤‘-π‘√¥“ ‰«»¬–π—π∑å §ÿ≥®‘√«√√≥-Õ¿‘ ‘∑∏‘Ï-√—ß ‘π’-æ‘¡æ‘°“ °“≠®π¡≥±≈ §ÿ≥®‘√“æ√ °—≈¬“ §ÿ≥®‘√«—≤πå ‰°√ ÿ«√√≥ “√ ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—« §ÿ≥®‘√“æ√ √ÿ®‘√“«‘»‘…∞å §ÿ≥®‘√–«—≤πå °”™—¬ ‘∑∏‘æ≈ ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—« §ÿ≥®ÿ±“∑‘æ¬å 𓧠¡¿æ §ÿ≥®‘√“ ®‘μ ¡æß»å ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—« §ÿ≥®ÿ±“¡“» ¥ÿ…Æ’°√°ÿ≈ §ÿ≥®‘√“¿√≥å μ—π§ÿ≥“°√ ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—« §ÿ≥®ÿ±“¡“» ‡Õ°–«‘¿“μ §ÿ≥®‘√“¿√≥å °ãßÀ¬‘π ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—« §ÿ≥®ÿμ‘»√’ · ß«‘‡™’¬√ §ÿ≥®ÿ¿“¡“» π“¡≈‘È¡‡À¡π∑’ §ÿ≥®ÿÓ∑‘æ¬å √—μπ°√–®à“ß §ÿ≥®ÿ√’¿√≥å °‘®¬√√¬ß §ÿ≥‡®√‘≠»√’ ·°â«·¥ß §ÿ≥®ÿÓ√—°…å μ—πÀ¬ß §ÿ≥„®√— ¡‘Ï «‘∫Ÿ≈¬å‚™μ‘ §ÿ≥‡®’¬√π—¬-»√’ ÿ∑∏“-«√“≥’-Õ”æ√-¡“≈’√—μπå296
  • 292. §ÿ≥©—μ∂æ≈ ¡ÿߧÿ≥¥“ §ÿ≥©≈Õß™—¬ μ—Èßμ√–°“√æß…å§ÿ≥©—μ√™—¬ Õ¿‘∫“≈æŸπº≈ §ÿ≥©«’-‡ «¬ ™◊Ëπ∫“ß∫ⓧÿ≥©—μ√™—¬-°¡≈ ÿ¢ ¬◊π¬ß §ÿ≥©—μ√·°â«-©—μ√∑‘æ¬å Õ¿‘∫“≈æŸπº≈§ÿ≥©—μ√æπÕ ·®«‡®√‘≠ §ÿ≥©—μ√ ÿ√“ß§å  «— ¥‘¡ß§≈§ÿ≥©—π∑π“ ™àÕ¥Õ°‰¡â §ÿ≥©“¬“ ®‘μμ‘æ—π∏å,  ¡»ÿ¢ ‡∑’¬¡ª∞¡§ÿ≥©—π∑π“ ™Ÿæ—°μ√å §ÿ≥‡©≈“ æß…åæ—π∏å ·≈–∫ÿμ√À≈“π§ÿ≥‡©‘¥©“¬ ∂‘√∑‘π√—μπå §ÿ≥™¥-∫—ßÕ√-™ÿ≈’¿√≥å-™≈ª√–æ—≈¿å-°¡≈«√√≥ ™“≠≥√ߧå§ÿ≥‡©‘¥©“¬ »‘√‘√—°…å §ÿ≥™π°π“√∂ æ≈‡√◊Õß ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—«§ÿ≥·©≈â¡  ÿ¢™—¬ ·≈–§≥– §ÿ≥™π–-«“∑‘π’-≥—∞«√√∏πå-≥—Øπ√“ ®ÿ≈‡«™§ÿ≥™π‘μ“ ∑‘æ“√¥’, «‘™¬ÿμ¡å ‡∑æ ÿ√– §ÿ≥™π‘¥“ æ÷Ëß°√‘¡, ®—π∑‘æ“ ·≈–‚√·π≈ ‡¥«‘∑ ≈‘ø«‘ß μ—π§ÿ≥™¡-·¬â¡-¡“πæ ·®âߧ”¢” §ÿ≥™π‘π∑√å æ√“æß…å-∏π«‘æ—≤πå ªîμ‘«√√≥§ÿ≥™¡—¬æ√  —߶¡“» §ÿ≥™π‘π∑√å- ÿ∑∏‘π—π∑å-π√‘»-™≈∏√-«—™√ ‡°√’¬ß‡®√‘≠»‘√‘§ÿ≥™¬°¡≈ · ß¢” §ÿ≥™¬ÿμ-«‘¿“¥“-¥.≠.∫ÿ≠≥¥“ ™ÿࡇ™◊ÈÕ§ÿ≥™¬°√  ‘π‡®√‘≠√ÿàß §ÿ≥™àÕ‡æÁ™√-Œ‘‚μ–¡‘-Œ“≈ÿ°– TSUTIMOTO ´÷ß‘‚¡‚μ–§ÿ≥™√‘π∑‘æ¬å ªí≠≠“ °ÿ≈«ß»å §ÿ≥™—™«“≈-ªîòπ¡≥’ æ—π∏å°—∑≈’ ·≈–∫ÿμ√∏‘¥“§ÿ≥™«≈‘μ-√ÿàß∑‘«“ °≈‘Ëπ¡“≈—¬ §ÿ≥™—¬™π–- ÿ™“¥“-¿≠.ª«’≥“-¿≠.ª√‘¬“ ¢“«‡æ’¬√æ“𑙬å§ÿ≥™—™Æ“ °‘μμ‘‚√®π“∏√√¡ §ÿ≥™—¬π“∑-π‘√¡≈ °‘μμ‘∏√°ÿ≈ ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—«§ÿ≥™—™«“≈¬å §”π”≈“¿ §ÿ≥™—¬ª√– ‘∑∏‘Ï-«√≈—°…≥å ‡ π’«ß»å ≥ Õ¬ÿ∏¬“§ÿ≥™—™«“≈¬å-¬ÿ«¥’ √—¡æ≥’π‘≈ §ÿ≥™—¬¬»- ÿ‡°’¬√μ‘-πÿ™°Ÿ≈-·¡à‡Œ’¬«  √«¬®‘√«—≤πå§ÿ≥™—¬¬ÿ∑∏-π‘¿“ ™‘π¡À“«ß»å §ÿ≥™—¬¬ÿ∑∏ ¢Õª√–‡ √‘∞ ÿ¢, °√Õπß§å ª√–¥‘…∞å«ß…å§ÿ≥™—¬«—≤πå- ÿ«√√≥’ ∑Õ߇®√‘≠™—¬ §ÿ≥™—¬«ÿ∏-π¿“«√√≥ «—™√»√’‚√®πå ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—«§ÿ≥™“𑥓-≥√ߧåæ—π∏å μ—πμ‘«—≤πå §ÿ≥™—¬ ‘∑∏‘Ï-™ÿ≈’«√√≥-™π¿—∑√ · ß ÿ√’¬å«—™™√“§ÿ≥™‘μ™π° 惰…“πÿ»—°¥‘Ï §ÿ≥™“≠™—¬-§√Õßæ≈-™π∏‘™“ ªí≠≠“°√≥å§ÿ≥™◊Ëπ®‘μμå-¡πŸ≠ ß“¡°√ §ÿ≥™“≠¬ÿ∑∏-√—ß ‘√—μπå-‡√◊Õß‚™μ‘-‡√◊Õß∏√√¡ ∏π“§¡§ÿ≥™ÿμ‘°“≠®πå ¥«ß·°â« §ÿ≥™“μ‘™“¬-«™‘√–-∏π«—μ√å-°√√≥‘°“√å ‰«¬ ÿ√– ‘ßÀå§ÿ≥™ÿμ‘¡“ ‡æ™√√—μπå §ÿ≥™“¬-™≈‘μ“-ª√‘≠√—μπå ™“≠™—¬ª√–‡ √‘∞§ÿ≥™Ÿ™“μ‘ ‚æ∏‘Ï»√’𓧠§ÿ≥™◊ËπÀ∑—¬ ·´à®‘« ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—«‡À≈à“≥—∞«ÿ≤‘°ÿ≈§ÿ≥™Ÿ»√’ «. ‡®√‘≠∑«’∑√—æ¬å §ÿ≥™ÿμ‘¡“ ∫ÿ≠»‘√‘«—≤π°ÿ≈ ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—«§ÿ≥‡™◊ÈÕ- ÿæ—μ√“ «ß»å ¡ÿ∑√ §ÿ≥™ÿ≈’æ√ »√’ª√–∑—°…å ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—«§ÿ≥‚™§™—¬ ª√–æπæ®πå §ÿ≥™Ÿ»√’-«‘∑¬“-«√√≥»‘√‘ «’√– —¡æ—π∏å§ÿ≥‚™μπ“ π°πà«¡ §ÿ≥‡™‘ß™“¬- ÿæ—μ√“-™≈¿—∑√å-™πæ≈ ¿Ÿ√‘ªí≠‚≠§ÿ≥‰™¬«ÿ≤‘ √—μπæ◊™ §ÿ≥‡™‘¥-ª√–æ‘»-æ—™√ ‡¡∏“ß°Ÿ√ ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—«§ÿ≥‡™“«≈‘μ-«√√≥“-‡« “√—™ ®‘μ ‘π∏ÿ §ÿ≥‰™¬“°√-Õ‘π∑‘√“-≠“≥‘»“-≥—∞¿—∑√ »‘√‘°ÿ≈ 297
  • 293. §ÿ≥≠“≥‘™“ »‘≈“√¡¬å ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—« §ÿ≥‚™ ‘μ“ ·´à‡Œâß-Mr.TOSHIMITSU YASUDA ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—« §ÿ≥≠“≥’ Õ¿‘ ‘∑∏‘ω滓≈ §ÿ≥´‘«©ÿâß ·´à‡≈â“-®‘Í°Œ—« ·´à°‘¡- ¡™“¬ §ÿ≥≠“π«—≤πå æ÷Ëßæÿà¡ ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—« §ÿ≥‰´ßâÕ-«‘¡≈√—μπå Õ—»«‚™§ ÿ«√√≥ §ÿ≥∞“≥’≠“ ∑Õ߇∑æ §ÿ≥∞“πÿμ√“-ª≥‘μ“-«‘‰≈ §ÿ≥–‡ π’ §ÿ≥∞‘μ‘«√√≥ ∑—∫∑‘¡∑Õß §ÿ≥≥√ߧå-·©≈â¡ ·ºà§ÿ≥ ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—« §ÿ≥≥¥“««¥’ ¥ÿ≈–≈—¡æ– §ÿ≥≥√ߧå- ÿ°—≠≠“-»‘√‘æ√-»‘√‘æ√√≥ √—°…“§” §ÿ≥≥√ß§å ¥â«ß —Èπ §ÿ≥≥√ߧå- ÿ∑∏‘√“ ß“¡‡√’¬∫ °ÿ≈ ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—« §ÿ≥≥—Ø∞π—π∑å «.‚∑π‘Ëß §ÿ≥≥√ߧå-∫”‡æÁ≠-¨≠“ »ÿ¢®√—  §ÿ≥≥—Ø∞‘°“ «Õ·æß §ÿ≥≥√ߧå-«√√≥“-«√ߧå Õÿ¥¡º≈ §ÿ≥≥—∞°√“πμå ¬ÿ∑∏π‰æ∫Ÿ≈¬å §ÿ≥≥—™æß…å∏√-°¡≈  ÿ√‘‚¬,  «√  Õ‘π∑√å·°â« §ÿ≥≥—∞™“ ∏√“æ√ §ÿ≥≥—Ø∞å≥‘™»“-æàÕ™“¬-·¡àπ’Ë ·°â«‡Õ’ˬ¡ §ÿ≥≥—∞æß»å ™àÕ¥Õ°‰¡â §ÿ≥≥—∞°¡≈ ™—¬‡®√‘≠ ÿ¢ ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—« §ÿ≥≥—∞«√√≥ ·æ√ß“¡ §ÿ≥≥—∞æ≈ «ß»å™Ÿæ—π∏å ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—« §ÿ≥¥π—¬æ√ À“≠ ◊∫ “¬ §ÿ≥≥—∞ ÿ¥“-æàÕ·§≈â«-·¡à≈–¡àÕ¡ πÿàπß“¡ §ÿ≥¥≈æ√  ÿ¢‡Õ’ˬ¡ §ÿ≥≥‘™“¿“ «ß»å ÿ«√√≥ ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—« §ÿ≥¥«ß‡¥◊Õπ ∫ÿ≠‚ ¿≥ §ÿ≥¥Õ°ÕâÕ μ“π“ ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—« §ÿ≥¥«ßμ“ °≈‘Ëπππ∑≈’ §ÿ≥¥”‡°‘ß-æ√∑‘æ¬å ¥”√ߧå ÿ∑∏‘æß»å ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—« §ÿ≥¥«ß¡≥’ ®—π∑√å»√’ §ÿ≥‡¥™ »√’‰æ√ ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—« §ÿ≥¥«ß«√√≥  ÿ¢ «— ¥‘Ï §ÿ≥‡¥àπ-™ÿμ‘°“≠®πå °—π™ÿ¡ §ÿ≥¥“√≥’ °√ß°√–‚∑° §ÿ≥‡¥àπæß…å- ÿ𑥓 ™“«ß…å §ÿ≥¥“«√ÿ≥’ · π°≈â“ §ÿ≥μ—È߇ÕÁßπ‘È¡-Õ◊ÈÕ‡´’ˬ¡®÷ß- √«ß√—μπå-πæ√—μπå »√’ —μμ §ÿ≥·¥ßμâÕ¬  ÿ«√√≥ªí∑¡ §ÿ≥μ‘Ρ ¬“¡“Õÿ√–, √—™π’°√ ·®à¡„  §ÿ≥μ‘≥≥¿æ ‡æÁ™√«ß…å §ÿ≥‡μÁ¡„®  ÿ∑∏‘ª√–¿“,  ÿ«√√≥“  «à“ß®—π∑√å §ÿ≥μÿä ‡æÁ™√«ß…å §ÿ≥·μâŒàÕ¬‘Ëπ ·´à·μâ ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—« §ÿ≥‡μ‘¡»—°¥‘Ï ™àÕ¥Õ°‰¡â §ÿ≥∂πÕ¡®‘μ ‡ ’¬ß‡≈‘», π‘쬓¿√≥å ∏π¿Ÿ…‘μ«≥‘™¬å §ÿ≥‡μ◊Õπ„® ´÷Ëß‚™μ‘°ÿ≈ §ÿ≥∂πÕ¡»√’ ‡À≈à“ª√– ‘∑∏‘º≈ ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—« §ÿ≥∂πÕ¡»√’ π“·À≈¡ §ÿ≥∑πÿ-®—π∑√“∑‘æ¬å ¡“𖉙¬√—°…å §ÿ≥∂“«√ §”¿Ÿ ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—« §ÿ≥∑«’™—¬-π‘∏‘π—π∑å ∞“π–‚™μ‘æ—π∏ÿå ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—« §ÿ≥∑¬“¿√-π‘√¥“-∏’√ ∞‘μ‘¿Ÿ«—μ §ÿ≥∑«’™—¬- ‘√‘¡π- ‘√‘¡“- √«‘»- ÿ∫ÿ…¬“ ™—¬ ÿ«√√≥ §ÿ≥∑√√»≥’¬å ‡√◊Õß°‘® ‘√‘°ÿ≈ §ÿ≥∑«’-·ÕÁπ¥Ÿ ‡¢’¬«©–ÕâÕπ §ÿ≥∑«’≈“¿ »√’‚°¡≈ §ÿ≥∑Õߧ”-‡§Õ‘®‘-¥.≠.Õ“‚°–-¥.≠.√‘‚°– π“°“‚Õ°– §ÿ≥∑Õß¡“ ≈—°…≥– §ÿ≥∑—∏π“æ√-¥.≠.§–π“‚°– §ÿ‚∫‚π– §ÿ≥∑Õ߇À√’¬≠ Fischer §ÿ≥∑—»π’¬å ≈‘È¡μ√–°Ÿ≈,  “∏‘μ ‡μ™–æŸ≈º≈298
  • 294. §ÿ≥∑ÕßÕàÕπ ®“√ÿ ¿“ §ÿ≥∑‘æ¬å ÿ§π∏å °‘®‡®√‘≠ ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—«§ÿ≥∑—»π’¬å ªí≠≠“ °ÿ≈«ß»å §ÿ≥∑‘æ«√√≥ ‡ÕÁπ‚¥â ·≈–§≥–≠“쑧ÿ≥∑‘æ¬å ‚√®πå«—≤π«ß»å §ÿ≥∑‘æ«—≈¬å-JEAN-PIERE WERY§ÿ≥∑‘æ«√√≥ «ß»å»‘√‘∏√ §ÿ≥‡∑Õ¡- ‘√‘√—μπå-°…‘…∞“-®‘√“«√√≥ ¡“¥‰∑¬§ÿ≥‡∑‘¥™“μ‘ »√’πæ√—μπå §ÿ≥‡∑’¬∫ ∫—«ÀÕ¡ Mr.UEDA TADASHI ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—«§ÿ≥∏ß™—¬ ≈‘È¡»‘√‘‡»√…∞°ÿ≈ §ÿ≥∏ß™—¬-π—π∑æ√ ·μà߇®√‘≠æ“≥‘™¬å ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—«§ÿ≥∏ß™—¬-æ‘»¡—¬ ¡“»μ—πμ‘æ√ §ÿ≥∏ß™—¬-¿—∑√‘π≥å-¿Ÿ«πæ≈ Õ¡ƒμ∏√√¡§ÿ≥∏ß™—¬- ÿ≈’æ√-æ ∏√ ‡≈‘»‡»«μ«ß»å §ÿ≥∏ß™—¬- ¡¡‘μ√-ª°√≥å-¡∏ÿ√  §—π∏«®π–§ÿ≥∏π°ƒμ-ªí≠®√—μπå ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—« §ÿ≥∏π°√ ∫ÿ≠∏π“‚√®πå ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—«§ÿ≥∏π‚™μ‘ ∑«’∏—≠≈—°…≥å §ÿ≥∏π«√√≥-‡Õ¡Õ√  ÿ«√√≥ª√–∑’ª ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—«§ÿ≥∏πæ√ ≈’ˇ®√‘≠ ÿ∑∏‘°ÿ≈ §ÿ≥∏π«—≤πå-Õ—≠≠≈—°…≥å- ÿæ‘™¨“¬å À“≠Õ¡√‡»√…∞å§ÿ≥∏πæ≈-™π“¿“-Õ¿‘«—≤πå ´◊ËÕ —μ¬å §ÿ≥∏π«—≤πå-¡π—≠ å∏‘°“ Õπ—πμ¿§«ÿ≤‘§ÿ≥∏π–-®”ªï-°¡≈∑‘æ¬å-¡“≈’ μ—Èß«√“«ÿ∏ §ÿ≥∏π»—°¥‘Ï ™àÕ‰™¬°ÿ≈ ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—«§ÿ≥∏π“ «— ¥‘Ï ƒ∑∏‘√ß§å §ÿ≥∏π“¬ÿ∑∏-√—™Æ“æ√ æ“≥‘™¬Ÿª°“√π—π∑å§ÿ≥∏π“-Õÿ∑—¬«√√≥ ∑Õßπ懰ⓠ§ÿ≥∏π“«ÿ≤‘-°—𬓰√ ‡®√‘≠ ÿ¢ ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—«§ÿ≥∏π‘μ»—°¥‘Ï  ÿ∏’√«—≤π“ππ∑å §ÿ≥∏‡π» »√’‚À√, «—π∑π“ ¡“»√—ß √√§å ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—«§ÿ≥∏√√¡√—°…“ ÕàÕπ𓧠§ÿ≥∏‡π»√å-©ÕâÕπ ‡ π“–‡¡◊Õß ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—«§ÿ≥∏«—™™—¬ ©‘π àß∏’√–æ“π‘™ §ÿ≥∏√√¡»—°¥‘Ï «‘™—¬«—≤π“- ÿ‡¡∏μ“ ß“¡™—¥§ÿ≥∏«—™™—¬-«√“æ√ Õ¿‘∫“≈æŸπº≈ §ÿ≥∏√√» «—πæƒÀ—  ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—«§ÿ≥∏—≠≠ ‘π∑å æ≈Õ‘π∑√å §ÿ≥∏«—™™—¬ »√’ ÿ¢·°â« ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—«§ÿ≥∏—≠æ√ ∫ÿ≠¬◊π ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—« §ÿ≥∏«—™™—¬-°π°«√√≥- ‚√™“ ‡À≈à“·æ∑¬°‘®§ÿ≥∏—≠¿“  ÿ«√√≥∫ÿªº“ §ÿ≥∏«—™™—¬-»ÿ¿“π—π- ÿ∏‘¥“ ∑Õß¡’§ÿ≥∏—≠«≈—¬ ¿√≥å√—μπ宑√“ §ÿ≥∏—≥¬åπ‘™“ «‘√‘¬–«√“∏√≥å ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—«§ÿ≥∏—π¬π—π∑å °ÿ≈«√“‡»√…∞ §ÿ≥∏“«¥’ æ√‘Èß√—°…“ ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—«§ÿ≥∏”√ß»‘≈ª ‚æ∏‘ Ÿß §ÿ≥∏”√ߧå-Õ“¥Ÿ≈¬å-π—π∑‘π“-π—π∑«—π-™—™«“≈§ÿ≥∏’√°√ ‡≈‘»ªØ‘¿“≥°ÿ≈ §ÿ≥∏’√æß…å √μ‘∏√√¡°ÿ≈ ·≈–≠“μ‘¡‘μ√§ÿ≥∏’√«—≤πå æ—™√μ√–°Ÿ≈ §ÿ≥∏’√«—≤πå-§”π«≥ ∞“π–‚™μ‘æ—π∏å ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—«§ÿ≥∏’√æ≈-∫ÿ… ‘π’-√μ‘√—μπå ‚Õ»‘√‘ §ÿ≥∏’√–™π-«‘√—ß√Õß ¢π“¥π‘¥ ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—«§ÿ≥‡∏’¬√-æ√ ÿ√’¬å »‘√‘»—π π’¬°ÿ≈ §ÿ≥∏’√–æ—≤πå-∫”‡æÁ≠ π“¡«ß…å ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—«§ÿ≥πßπÿ™ μ√߇ªìππ‘® §ÿ≥πßπÿ™ μ—Èß‚™§ ‘√‘°ÿ≈ ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—«§ÿ≥πßπÿ™ ·μâæ“π‘™ §ÿ≥π߇¬“«å  ÿ¢ÀπÕß∫÷ß ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—«§ÿ≥π߇¬“«å ∫ÿªº‡«  §ÿ≥πß≈—°…≥å ´“‚μâ ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—«§ÿ≥πß≈—°…≥å  ’π«≈ππ∑å °ÿ≈ §ÿ≥πß≈—°…≥å-ª√– ‘∑∏‘Ï-≥—Æ∞“∑‘æ¬å æß…å‰æ∫Ÿ≈¬å 299
  • 295. §ÿ≥π®π“® æß»å ÿæ—≤πå §ÿ≥πß«√√≥ 𓧓¡Ÿ√–- ‘∑∏‘»—°¥‘Ï- ‘π’π“Æ ·°â«‡®√‘≠√ÿà߇√◊Õß §ÿ≥πæ¿√≥å «ß…å®√‘μ §ÿ≥πæ¡“»-Õÿ…“ ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—« ÿ∑∏‘π—π∑å §ÿ≥πæ√—μπå ´—  – ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—« §ÿ≥πæ√—μπå-æ.μ.™Ÿ‡°’¬√μ‘-√.Õ.™—™√‘π∑√å  ‘π§â“ §ÿ≥π¿—  √ ≈◊Õ ÿ¢ª√–‡ √‘∞ §ÿ≥π¿“æ—™√-√≥æ√-Õ√≥‘™“ μ—π쑇«™«ÿ≤‘°ÿ≈ §ÿ≥π¿“‡ Æ∞ æ√À¡∫—≥±Ÿ√ §ÿ≥π√“¿—∑√ «ß»å¥“«, ®’√¿“ ®Õß≈’æ—π∏å §ÿ≥πƒ¡≈ ªØ‘§¡ §ÿ≥π√‘π∑√å- ÿªíππ“-‡Õ°√—°-æ≈Õ¬øÑ“ ªîòπ¡√°μ §ÿ≥πƒ¡≈ Õÿàπ®‘μμ‘°ÿ≈ §ÿ≥π√’√—μπå-‡ πàÀå ∫ÿ≠¡’ ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—« §ÿ≥π≈‘π√—μπå ‰μ√√—μπå„  §ÿ≥πƒ™≈-æ≈¿—∑√  “√‘¡“π∏π‡¥™ §ÿ≥π«√—™-¡—∑π“ »√’∂“æ√ §ÿ≥πƒ¡≈ ®‘πμæ—≤π“°‘® ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—« §ÿ≥π«≈®—π∑√å √—°μª√–®‘μ §ÿ≥πƒ«√√≥ Õ—¡ææ—π∏å ·≈–≠“μ‘¡‘μ√ §ÿ≥π«≈©«’  “∏√ §ÿ≥π«π ª√“≥’μæ≈°√—ß ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—« §ÿ≥π—π∑°“ √—μπ ÿ«√√≥ §ÿ≥π«π‘μ¬å °ÿ¡“√√‘π ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—« §ÿ≥π—π∑‘»“ ∏√√¡™“μ‘ §ÿ≥π«≈πâÕ¬ ≈’æ—≤π–æ—π∏å ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—« §ÿ≥π“ØπâÕ¬ æ√À¡∫”√ÿß §ÿ≥π«≈√—μπå »√’∞‘μ‘«ß»å ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—« §ÿ≥π“√’ ®—π∑π‚™μ‘«ß»å §ÿ≥πâÕßπÿ™ ®‘√«√√≥«“ π“ ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—« §ÿ≥πÈ”∑‘æ¬å 𓧷 ππ—π∑å §ÿ≥π—¬π“ ‡μ™–‚ ¿≥¡≥’, π.Õ.À≠‘ß«‘∫ÿ≈√—μπå ‡Õ’Ë¬¡ª√“¡»«√å §ÿ≥π‘쬓 ¬Õ¥‚æ∏‘Ï §ÿ≥π“«’-Õ√«√√≥-‡Õ°æ—π∏ÿå »ÿ°√å®—π∑√剡μ√’ §ÿ≥π‘∏‘«¥’-≥—Æ∞ ‘√‘ μ—πμ‘æ®πå §ÿ≥π‘쬓¿√≥å ∏π¿Ÿ…‘μ«≥‘™¬å, ∂πÕ¡®‘μ ‡ ’¬ß‡≈‘» §ÿ≥π‘æπ∏å ¡“·°â« §ÿ≥π‘μ‘æß»å- ÿ¡≥’¬å  ÿ√‘¬–‰™¬“°√ ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—« §ÿ≥π‘¿“ §ŸÀ“√—μπ“°√ §ÿ≥π‘æπ∏å-Õ¡≈«√√≥ ©—π∑‰°√«—≤πå ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—« §ÿ≥π‘¡‘μ√ ≈◊Õ ÿ¢ª√–‡ √‘∞ §ÿ≥π‘Ë¡-æ®πå ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—«™Õ∫™≈ §ÿ≥π‘¡‘μ√-«‘‰≈ Õÿàπ®‘μμ‘°ÿ≈ §ÿ≥π‘√¡≈-‡π“«√—μπå  ≈—°ƒ∑—¬ §ÿ≥π‘√¡≈ ∏”√ß∏—≠≈—°…≥å §ÿ≥π‘ƒ¡≈  √âÕ¬‡æÁ™√, ∏«—™ ‡æÁ™√¬◊π¬ß §ÿ≥π‘√ÿ∫≈ ‚§§ §ÿ≥π‘ “ «“μ“π“‡∫â ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—« §ÿ≥π‘«—≤πå ‡≈‘»≈—∑∏¿√≥å §ÿ≥‡πμ√‘¬“ ®√—≈«‘°√—¬ ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—« §ÿ≥·πàßπâÕ¬ ‡®√‘≠º≈ §ÿ≥∫√√®∫-≈—¥¥“- —πμ‘- ÿ¢ —πμå ‡μ™“æ‘ ÿ∑∏‘Ï §ÿ≥·πàßπâÕ¬ Œâ“§ §ÿ≥∫—ßÕ√ ºŸ°æ—π∏ÿå√—μπ– ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—« §ÿ≥∫√√≥“√—μπå æ≈—∫ ÿ¢¢’ §ÿ≥∫—«º“¬ ¬“«‘™—¬ ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—« §ÿ≥∫—ßÕ√ ‡π◊ËÕß ≥  ÿ«√√≥ §ÿ≥∫ÿ≠™—¬ Õ¿‘π—π∑πå ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—« §ÿ≥∫—«·¬â¡ À≈‘π ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—« §ÿ≥∫ÿ≠¡“°-¡–√– «—π™–‡Õ¡ ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—« §ÿ≥∫”√ÿß-®—π∑√“-»‘√‘¿√ Õ‘π «à“ß §ÿ≥∫ÿ≠¬‘Ëß-¬ÿæ‘π ∏√√¡ª√’™“ ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—« §ÿ≥∫”√ÿß-Õπß§å ¥â«ßÕ‘π∑√å §ÿ≥∫ÿ≠‡¬’ˬ¡-≥—∞π—π∑å-Õ¿‘≠≠“-Õ¿‘«—≤πå ª√–¬Ÿ√™“≠ §ÿ≥∫ÿ≠‡√◊Õß √—μ‚π∏√ ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—« §ÿ≥∫ÿ≠‡√◊Õß  ÿ√– ‘ßÀå™—¬‡¥™ ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—«300
  • 296. §ÿ≥∫ÿ≠™Ÿ-°√°π° μÿâ¡∑Õß §ÿ≥∫ÿ≠‚√®πå-®‘𥓠‡ √’«—≤π«ÿ≤‘ ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—«§ÿ≥∫ÿ≠‡¥™ ∫ÿ≠¥’·≈–§√Õ∫§√—« §ÿ≥∫ÿ≠-«‘‰≈»√’-«≈—¬≈—°…≥å- ÿ∫√√≥ ¡ß§≈°“«‘≈§ÿ≥∫ÿ≠¡’-©«’«√√≥ «√√≥‚ ¿“ §ÿ≥∫ÿ≠»—°¥‘Ï-‚ ¿“-«‚√¥¡-Õ™‘√≠“  ÿ¢‡®√‘≠®‘μ§ÿ≥∫ÿ≠-»ÿ¿√ ß“¡‡™«ß ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—« §ÿ≥∫ÿ≠ àß- ÿ≥’-∫ÿ≥¬√—μπå-‚™μ‘ “ √—μπ°√’±“°ÿ≈§ÿ≥∫ÿ≠ ◊∫  “¬Õÿ∫≈ ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—« §ÿ≥∫ÿ≠ √“≠∏√√¡- ÿæ—≤πå √—μπ¡“»¡ß§≈§ÿ≥∫ÿ≠‡ √‘∞ ª√–¬ß§å ÿ¢ §ÿ≥∫ÿ≠ ‘∑∏‘Ï √ÿ®‘√‰æ∫Ÿ≈¬å ·≈–≠“μ‘¡‘μ√§ÿ≥∫ÿªº“ §ß¢” §ÿ≥∫ÿªº“- ¡™“¬-¿§¡π  ÿ√°‘μμ‘¥”√ߧÿ≥∫ÿ»≥’ ®—π∑√å √–·°â« §ÿ≥∫Ÿ√≥å‡≈‘»- ¡»√’- ÿ¢ÿ¡“ Õ”π“®‡°…¡§ÿ≥∫Ÿ√≥– ¡À—∑∏π°ÿ≈ ·≈–≈Ÿ°À≈“π §ÿ≥‡∫≠®æ√√≥ π‘«—μ‘»—¬«ß»å ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—«§ÿ≥‡∫≠®√—μπå ‡©≈‘¡√—μπ‚°¡≈ §ÿ≥‡∫≠®«√√≥-ª√–∑’ª  «à“ß, ·¡à™’¥√ÿ≥’  “¡§”§ÿ≥ªμ‘¡“-°‘μ‘æ—™√å ¥à“π¥’ §ÿ≥ª∑‘¥“ ‡√◊Õß ß¶å ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—«§ÿ≥ªæ‘™≠“ „®∫ÿ≠≈◊Õ §ÿ≥ªπ—¥¥“ ¡≥’∏√-«√√≥π¿“ ∏“√–§ÿ≥ª¿“°√ ¡’Õÿ¥¡æß»å §ÿ≥ª¿“°√ æ√®‘‚√®, ∫ÿ≠¡’- “§√- ‘√‘¬“æ√ ¢«—≠ÕàÕπ§ÿ≥ª√–®—°…å ∂‘√∑‘π√—μπå §ÿ≥ª√–®«∫ π“¡™—¬¿Ÿ¡‘ ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—«§ÿ≥ª√–™“ ∏’√–«‘∑¬å §ÿ≥ª√–™“-°π°æ√-πæ.«‘»—°¥‘Ï »√’‰∑¬-∫.C-THAICERA§ÿ≥ª√–™‘¥-‡§≈“ å √’‡°Õ√å §ÿ≥ª√–™ÿ¡æ√ ™â“ß∫ÿ≠™Ÿ ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—«§ÿ≥ª√–∑ÿ¡ ªíôπª√–‡ √‘∞ §ÿ≥ª√–¥—∫- ÿ«‘∑¬å ‡≈Á°¡“° ·≈–≈Ÿ°À≈“π§ÿ≥ª√–∑ÿ¡ ‡≈Á°¡≥’ §ÿ≥ª√–∑’ª-‚»√¥“ Õÿàπ√—»¡’«ß»å§ÿ≥ª√–‡∑◊Õß ‡æÁߪ√“ß§å §ÿ≥ª√–‰æ  ÿ¢ª√– ß§åº≈ ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—«§ÿ≥ª√–æ‘» ™√“√‘π∑√ §ÿ≥ª√–‰æ»√’-æ√∑‘æ¬å Õÿ§§°¡“æ—π∏ÿå§ÿ≥ª√–æ‘»-°√√≥‘°“√å °—≠≠“«ÿ≤‘ §ÿ≥ª√–¿—  √-ª√–°“¬¥“« ¡∏ÿ√ æ“∑’§ÿ≥ª√–¿“«¥’ ‡ √‘∞»√’ §ÿ≥ª√–¡ÿ°¢å-∏’√“√—μπå æ‘¡æ凮‘π§ÿ≥ª√–¿“  ‡æÁ™√«ß…å §ÿ≥ª√–¬πμå-§”øÕß ‚ππ√‘∫Ÿ√≥å§ÿ≥ª√– æ-®ÿ¡√’ · ß¿Ÿà §ÿ≥ª√–¬Ÿ√-ß‘π ¡“ ÿ∏π ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—«§ÿ≥ª√– ‘∑∏‘Ï-‡´“–®Ÿ ª∞¡°”‡Àπ‘¥ §ÿ≥ª√–«‘∑¬å- ÿπ∑√’ æ ÿπ“∂æß»å ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—«§ÿ≥ª√–À¬—¥ «ß…åæ‘√“ §ÿ≥ª√–‡ √‘∞ ‡Õ’ˬ¡· ß ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—«§ÿ≥ª√“ߧå∑‘æ¬å  –°–‚¬√‘  ¡‚≈° §ÿ≥ª√“≥’ »√’ ÿ«√√≥ ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—«§ÿ≥ª√“π’ ¥“‚≈¥¡ §ÿ≥ª√“‚¡∑¬å-æ√®—π∑√å º¥ÿß°ÿ≈ ·≈–∫ÿμ√∏‘¥“§ÿ≥ª√“√∂π“ ‡ π“√∂ §ÿ≥ª√‘©—μ√ ≈“¿æ‘∑—°…åæß…å ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—«§ÿ≥ª√‘≠≠“-§“‡°’¬« Õÿàπ®‘μμ‘°ÿ≈ §ÿ≥ª√‘≠≠“-ªÿ≥¬“æ√-»ÿ¿°√ À‘√—≠»√’§ÿ≥ª√’™“ ∫ÿ≥¬–‚Õ¿“  §ÿ≥ª√’™“-æÕ„®-»‘√¿—  ™—¬∏π °ÿ≈§ÿ≥ª√’™“- ÿ™“¥“ ∑√—¬æå√ÿà߇√◊Õß §ÿ≥ª√’™“- ÿ«√√≥“ »‘√‘æ‘™—¬æ√À¡ ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—«§ÿ≥ª≈‘«-√—™π’-∑«’æ≈-∑«’«ÿ≤‘ §ÿ≥ª√ÿß ÿ§π∏å «‘≠Ꟈհ ‘∑∏‘Ï ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—« 301
  • 297. §ÿ≥ªí≥≥‘¿— √å „μâ∏ß™—¬ §ÿ≥ªí≠≠“-∫ÿàßßâÕ ·´à‚ßâ« ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—«≈‘μ“°√ §ÿ≥ªí ≠“ ‡∑’¬πºàÕß»√’ §ÿ≥ªí∑¡“  ÿ«√√≥ª√–∑’ª ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—« §ÿ≥ª“√‘™“μ‘ ¡ÿ⬮’π §ÿ≥ª“π∑‘æ¬å-æ—™√“-Àπ÷Ë߃∑—¬ §ÿ≥ªîòπ-ª«√«’¬å ·®âß°√–¡≈ §ÿ≥ª“√‘©—μ√-¥.™.‚π√‘Œ‘‚μ–-‚∑–°÷¡‘ §–¡–μ– §ÿ≥ªî¬©—μ√ ‡«‡≈´‘§ §ÿ≥ªîòπª√–¿“ ª√–«‘μ√ °≈ ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—« §ÿ≥ªî¬–©—μ√ VYLEZIK §ÿ≥ªî¬– ªîμÿ‡μ™–, ¡≥±“ √Õ¥Õ”æ—π∏ÿå §ÿ≥ªî¬–æ√ ‚ ¿“æ≈ §ÿ≥ªÿ≥≥√—μπå-πâÕßÀ¡Ÿ ¡ÿ⬮’π §ÿ≥ªî¬–√—μπå Àß å ‘√‘ §ÿ≥ªÿ≥¬πÿ™ ´ÿ¬¬–°‘®, ¥.™.¿Ÿ‡∫‘» ‡°‰°√ √ §ÿ≥ªÿ≠«√√≥  ÿ®√‘μ«√°ÿ≈ §ÿ≥‡ª√¡ƒ¥’ ∏√√¡π‘μ¬°ÿ≈ ·≈–≠“μ‘¡‘μ√ §ÿ≥‡ª√¡„® ≈‘È¡ ÿ«—≤πå §ÿ≥º®ßæ√  ‘ßÀ∫”√ÿß ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—« §ÿ≥º°“¡“» Õ“®“√’¬å §ÿ≥º‘π-‡μ’¬ß-ºàÕßæ√√≥ ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—«®ß °ÿ≈»‘√‘ §ÿ≥ºàÕßæ√√≥ ≈‘¢π ÿ∑∏‘Ï §ÿ≥‰Ω ·´à‰™â-«π‘¥“- ÿπ’¬å ©“¬“«√°ÿ≈ §ÿ≥ºàÕ߇æÁ≠  —¡¡“æ—π∏å §ÿ≥æ߻廗°¥‘Ï ‡À¬’ˬߠ°ÿ≈, ≥“Ø∞‘¬“ ‡ «μ√“§¡ §ÿ≥ºÿ ¥’ ‡´’¬√åπ §ÿ≥æ߻堑√‘-°‘μ‘¡“ «ß»å®√— «‘®‘μ√ §ÿ≥ºÿ π’¬å ‡≈’ˬ¡‰æ±Ÿ√¬å §ÿ≥æß…∏√ æ—π®√√¬“ ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—« §ÿ≥æß…å∏√ μ—ßÀß å §ÿ≥æ®π—π∑å-Õ¿‘√ÿ®-Õ—™¨«’ ∑Õß«—≤πå §ÿ≥æß…å»√’ «—≤π‰™¬ª√–∑’ª §ÿ≥æ®π“ »√’Õ¿—¬, ∫—≥±‘μ »‘√‘«“√‘π∑√å §ÿ≥æ®π“ ∫ÿ≠≠“¿‘«—≤πå §ÿ≥æ®π’¬å  ¡ÿ∑√π“«’ ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—« §ÿ≥殡“π · ß«ß»å√—»¡’ §ÿ≥æ®π’¬å Õ¡√‚°»≈æ—π∏å ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—« §ÿ≥æ™√-∞‘μ‘æ√ μ—πμ‘ ÿ√’¬åæ√ §ÿ≥æ𑥓 ‚™μ‘¬‡«™«—≤πå ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—« §ÿ≥æπÕ®—π∑√å æß…å “ §ÿ≥æ√™¥“ Õ‘  √–, π‘쬓 «π“¢®’√—μπå §ÿ≥æπÕ-æ‘≥™π° ∏“√“°√ —πμ‘ §ÿ≥æ√™π° ∫ÿ≠Õÿâ¡ ¡, ∫ÿ≠æ‘π π—¬πåæ“≥‘™ §ÿ≥æ¬Õ¡ ‚次√—μπå §ÿ≥æ√≥’¬å °—π∑√“°√ ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—« §ÿ≥æ¬Õ¡ √ÿàß‚√®πå §ÿ≥æ√∑‘æ¬å-·¡à‡´“–Œ«¬-æàÕ°”®—Ë«-μ√–°“√-‚° ‘π∑√å-¿—∑√“ ·´à≈‘È¡ §ÿ≥æ¬Õ¡ »√𑬖 ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—« §ÿ≥æ√∑‘æ¬å-≥—Æ∞‘π’-π«≈Àß ®‘μμå®√—  §ÿ≥æ√™—¬ ª√–°Õ∫«≥‘™°ÿ≈ §ÿ≥æ√∑‘æ“ ‡√◊Õß∑√—æ¬åªí≠≠“ ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—«æ‘™≠–°ÿ≈‡°’¬√μ‘ §ÿ≥æ√∑‘æ¬å æ√æ—≤πæ‘∫Ÿ≈ §ÿ≥æ√π¿“ ‚§μ√æ—≤πå ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—« §ÿ≥æ√‡∑æ ‡¥™“»‘≈ª™—¬°ÿ≈ §ÿ≥æ√π‘¿“ ∫ÿμ√‡Õ°, Õ‚π≈¥å  ‡μ√‘¡ §ÿ≥æ√π¿“ §≥“√—°…å §ÿ≥æ√‡æÁ≠ ∫ÿ≠¬“√ÿ≥ ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—« §ÿ≥æ√æ√√≥ ¬»®‘μμå §ÿ≥æ√æ‘¡≈ ‡Õ◊ÈÕÕ√—≠‚™μ‘ §ÿ≥æ√‡æÁ≠ ∫ÿ≠»‘√‘«—≤π°ÿ≈ §ÿ≥æ√‡æÁ≠-π‘쬓 ‚μ»‘√‘æ—≤π“ §ÿ≥æ√¿‘π—π∑å-æ—≥≥å™‘μ“ · π∑«’ ÿ¢ §ÿ≥æ√√≥∑‘æ¬å æ‘√‘¬–‚¬∏‘π §ÿ≥æ√√≥’ ¡Ÿ‚√øŸ™‘ ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—« §ÿ≥æ√√≥π“√“ °âÕπ·°â«-™ÿμ‘¿“ ®ÿ≈°—≥±å ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—«302
  • 298. §ÿ≥æ√√≥’-æ√√≥π¿“ Õπ—πμ‡ √’ §ÿ≥æ√√≥’ ¥”√ßæ√âÕ¡¬», √ÿà߃¥’ æ—™√«√«ß»å§ÿ≥æ√»√’ ‡®√‘≠ ÿ¥„® §ÿ≥æ√√≥’-æ√À¡æ√-æ√À¡ ÿ¥“-æ√ ÿ¥“-æ‘®‘μ√ °ÿ≈∞‘μ‘°√§ÿ≥æ√ ÿ¥“ °≈‘Ëπæß»“,  ÿ™“μ‘ ªØ‘∑‘π §ÿ≥æ√‡≈‘» μ—π±å¡“π–∏√√¡,À¬°À¬‘∫ ·´à‡¬â“,∫ÿ≠§√Õß-∫ÿ≠¡“ §”™◊Ëπ§ÿ≥æ≈«—≤πå 𓧖≈—°…≥å §ÿ≥惰…“ ‰æ√√ÿà߇√◊Õß ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—«§ÿ≥æ≈—∫æ≈÷ß, ‡°…√,  ÿ°—≠≠“ §ÿ≥æàÕ§‘¥-·¡à·¢à¡-·æßμ“ «ß§å≈“§ÿ≥æ«ß‡æÁ≠ ∑‘ ¬“°√ §ÿ≥æàÕ®—π∑√å-·¡àªíπ- ¡®—°√ «’√–ªîμ§ÿ≥æ—™≥’ «‘™≠æß»å ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—« §ÿ≥æàÕ‡®‘ß-·¡àª√–«‘ß π“§‡ªÑ“ ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—«§ÿ≥æ—™π’ ∫ÿ≠∏√√¡®‘μ §ÿ≥æàÕ‚©¡-·¡à¡â«π ©≈Õ¡»√’ ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—«§ÿ≥æ—™π’  ÿ«√√≥»√’ §ÿ≥æàÕ™—¬¬»- ÿ‡°’¬√μ‘-πÿ™°Ÿ≈-·¡à‡Œ’¬ß  √«¬®‘√«—≤πå§ÿ≥æ—™√-π“√’-»ÿ¿«‘™≠å À¬°®—°√æ√√¥‘Ï §ÿ≥æàÕ™Ÿ«‘∑¬å-·¡à¥«ßæ√-«‘¿“¥“-√—»¬“ ®μÿ‡∑«ª√– ‘∑∏‘ϧÿ≥æ—™√“ »ÿ¿æß»å §ÿ≥æàÕ∂«‘≈-·¡àÕÿ¥¡ ·æ√¥” ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—«§ÿ≥æ—™√“  ÿ∑∏‘∫ÿμ√ ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—« §ÿ≥æàÕ∂“«√-·¡à‰æ»“≈ μ—ππ“√—μπå æ√âÕ¡∫ÿμ√À≈“π§ÿ≥æ—™√‘π∑√å ∑«π∑Õß ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—« §ÿ≥æàÕ∫√√≈ÿ-·¡àÕË”-¥√ÿ≥’-™‘πÕ‘™‘ æ—π∏ÿå‚π√“™§ÿ≥æ—™√’ ‚§â«‡®√‘≠ §ÿ≥æàÕ∫ÿ≠‡ª≈’ˬπ-·¡àπ‘≈ ‰æ√æ“√’§ÿ≥æ—™√’ «™‘√–π—π∑°ÿ≈ §ÿ≥æàÕ∫ÿâπμß- ¡„® ·´à·μâ-·¡à¬Ÿà‡Œ’¬ß ·´àμ—Èߧÿ≥æ—≤π–-æ—≤π“ Õ‘π∑惰…å §ÿ≥æàÕ¡πμå»—°¥‘Ï-·¡àπÿ⬠æ—π∏ÿå«‘√‘¬√—μπå§ÿ≥æ—π∏å≥√ߧå-‰Õ¥“ ™—¬ª√–¿“ §ÿ≥æÕ≈-®Õ¡∏‘¥“-´Õß À«—ߧÿ≥æ—π∏åæ‘™‘μ-«‘¡≈∑‘æ¬å ‡Õ’ˬ¡»√ §ÿ≥æàÕ≈ÿâ¬-·¡à«√√≥“-®.Õ.‡Õπ° »√’ ÿ¢§ÿ≥æ—π∏‘¿“ ¢ÿ¡‡æÁ™√å ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—« §ÿ≥æàÕ‰«∑å-·¡àμÿä°-®Ÿπ-®Õ¬ ∏√√¡ª√‘æ—μ√“§ÿ≥æ‘°ÿ≈ ‡»«μ®‘𥓠§ÿ≥æàÕ ß«π-·¡à‰ «-«√πÿ™ æ‘æ—≤πå«ß»å§ÿ≥æ‘®‘μ√“ Õ¬Ÿà¥’ §ÿ≥æàÕ ß«π-·¡àÕ‘Ë¡®‘μμå-πææ√ »√’√ÿâßæ“≥‘™¬å§ÿ≥æ‘™≠å ‘π’ °≈â“μ–«—π §ÿ≥æàÕ ¡∫ÿ≠-·¡à ¡®‘μ√ · ß Õ“√¬»—°¥“°ÿ≈§ÿ≥æ‘™—¬ μ—πª√–¿“¿√≥å §ÿ≥æàÕ‡ ¡’¬π-·¡à‡ √◊Õ¡-Õ∫μ. ¡‚¿™ · ß‡æÁߧÿ≥æ‘™“«’√å-∏—π∞°√≥å æ—™√“¿√≥å §ÿ≥æàÕÀπŸ-·¡àª√–∑ÿ¡¡“ ·®à¡‰∏ ß§ÿ≥摇™∞ √—μπ¬—πμå §ÿ≥æ—≥≥凥™-Õ—≥≥å™≠“πå ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—«‡°…¡√ÿ®‘«“𑙧ÿ≥æ‘μμ‘¿√≥å æ—™√“¿√≥ §ÿ≥摙Ɠ-¿“≥ÿæß…å-‡¬“«¿“≥’- ÿ∑∏‘æß…å æ—≤π«ß»åÕπ—πμå§ÿ≥æ‘π‘™-‡°¬Ÿ√ Õ“…“ §ÿ≥æ‘μμ‘¿√≥å æ—™√“¿√≥å ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—«§ÿ≥æ‘æ—≤πå æ√æ‘∑¬“°ÿ≈ §ÿ≥æ‘√ÿ≥ 欗§¶—¬Àæ≈ ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—«§ÿ≥æ‘¡æåπ“√“ °Õß∑Õß §ÿ≥æ‘√ÿ≈Àå-æ√»√’-ª√–®«∫-‰æ∫Ÿ≈¬å-ªî¬πÿ™ π‘¡‘μ¬ß °ÿ≈§ÿ≥æ‘¡æå ÿ™“ ‡≈‘»ª√–æ®πå°ÿ≈ §ÿ≥æ‘≈“«√√≥-§“√å≈ ‡√À姟°‡≈Õ√å§ÿ≥æ‘¡≈æ√√≥ ©—π∑“¥‘»—¬ §ÿ≥æ‘»¡—¬ ™”π‘® ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—«§ÿ≥æ‘»«ß °√–∫«π√—μπå §ÿ≥æ‘ ‘∑∏‘Ï-¿—§™≈’-¥.≠.∏√√¡“¿√≥å ՗ߧå ÿ∏“ “«‘∑¬å§ÿ≥æ‘»‘…∞å-æ—™√‘π∑√å ‡ß‘π°√ §ÿ≥æ’√–æ≈ ‡ºà“‡æÁß, °¡≈«√√≥  «à“ß 303
  • 299. §ÿ≥æ‘ ¡—¬ ¡Ÿ≈æ‘π‘® §ÿ≥æ’√–»—°¥‘Ï-«‘®‘μ√“ √“™æ—≤πå §ÿ≥æ’√–©—μ√ «‘≠êŸμ√–°Ÿ≈ §ÿ≥æÿ∑∏“-º‘ß-«√‘π√”‰æ ππ∑–¡“μ §ÿ≥æ’√–πÿ™ π“π“ §ÿ≥æŸπ»√’ ·¥ß∑Õߥ’ ·≈–∫ÿμ√∏‘¥“ §ÿ≥æŸπ»√’ Õ÷Èßμ√–°Ÿ≈ §ÿ≥‡æÁ°‡Œ’È¬ß ·´à·μâ, ‡°»√“ ®“√ÿ»—°¥‘χ ∂’¬√ §ÿ≥‡æÁ≠æ√√≥ ‡√»“ππ∑å §ÿ≥‡æ™√√—μπå ®—π∑√åπâÕ¬-»‘√‘æ√ ©“¬»ÿ¿°ÿ≈ §ÿ≥‡æÁ≠æ—°μ√å-π“Øæ√ π—πμμ‘°Ÿ≈ §ÿ≥‡æÁ≠®—π∑√å-‡°’¬√μ‘™—¬-™«‘π ≈âÕ®—°√™—¬ §ÿ≥‡æÁ≠»√’ ‡Õ◊ÈÕªí≠≠“æ√ §ÿ≥‡æÁ≠æ—°μ√å Õπÿ°Ÿ≈ ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—«‡¥™–ª∑ÿ¡«—π §ÿ≥‡æ‘Ë¡æŸ≈ √–¬â“‡æ™√ §ÿ≥‡æÁ≠»√’-«‘°√¡-§≥‘π ‡≈‘»‡®√‘≠ ÿ¢ §ÿ≥‚æ∏‘Ï æ—π∑«’ §ÿ≥‡æ‘Ë¡»—°¥‘Ï-Õ√—≠≠“-©—μ√™ÿ¥“ ™’«“«—≤π“ππ∑å §ÿ≥‰æ∫Ÿ≈¬å-Õ√«√√≥ «ß…å«—π∑π’¬å §ÿ≥‡æ’¬ßπ‘≈ »‘√‘‡°…¡, πƒæ√- ÿ¿—™™“ ¡À“·∂≈ß §ÿ≥‰æ√—™ «√¿—∑√°‘®°ÿ≈ §ÿ≥‰æ®‘μ√ ‡°…¡«ß»å«—≤πå ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—« §ÿ≥‰æ√—™-«√—≠≠“ øŸ√—ß…’‚√®πå §ÿ≥‰æ√—μπå- ‘√¬“ ª“πÕÿ∑—¬ ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—« §ÿ≥‰æ ‘∞-∫ÿ≠∑‘æ¬å  °ÿ≈≈’≈“√—»¡’ §ÿ≥‰æ»“≈-«π‘™“ ‡À≈◊Õß«‘‡»… ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—« §ÿ≥¿§«—μ ‡æÁ™√«ß…å §ÿ≥¿√≥’ °‘®‰æ»“≈»—°¥‘Ï ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—« §ÿ≥¿μ“ §ß¡—Ëπ °ÿ≈ §ÿ≥¿—°¥’-¥«ß„® ‡∑’ˬ߷∑â §ÿ≥¿—∑√ Õ‘π≈“¿ §ÿ≥¿—∑√æß…å Õÿ¥¡¡≥’∏π°‘® ·≈–§≥–≠“μ‘¡‘μ√ §ÿ≥¿—∑√æ√ ‡®√‘≠ ÿ¢ §ÿ≥¿—∑√–-«‘¿“¥“-∏π¿√-«‘¿“™ °“≠®πåÕ“¿“°√ §ÿ≥¿—∑√æ√ √—μππ—π∑«“∑’ §ÿ≥¿“≥‘™“ ¬Õ¥æ‘π‘® ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—« §ÿ≥¿—…¡“ ™‘«À«√√≥ §ÿ≥¿“√«’  πÕß™“μ‘ ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—« §ÿ≥¿“«—π §ß “§√ §ÿ≥¿“«‘¥“ æ‘∑—°…å∑Õß ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—« §ÿ≥¿‘≠≠“æ—™√å ‡™‘¥™π¡å™ÿ쑇πμ√ §ÿ≥¿Ÿ√‘™≠“-Mr.MASAO-°“≥ ‘π’ KATO-Õ√ÿ≥»—°¥‘Ï Õ‘πªß§å §ÿ≥¿Ÿ«¥‘∑ π‘Ë¡ °ÿ≈‡¥™“ §ÿ≥¿Ÿ…≥‘»“ ∫√‘≥μæß…å ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—« §ÿ≥¡πμ√’-√—μμ‘°√ ®√‘¬“°Ÿ≈ §ÿ≥¡ß§≈-‡®√‘≠ ÿ¢-‚™§™—¬ Õ—»«‚√®π°ÿ≈™—¬ ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—« §ÿ≥¡π— - ¡¡“μ√ ¡“¥’ §ÿ≥¡ß§≈™—¬- ”√«¬ §ÿªμ√–°Ÿ≈ ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—« §ÿ≥¡πŸ≠ ‡Õ◊ÈÕ≥—™æ≈ §ÿ≥¡ß§≈-¥“√“√—μπå À߅廑√‘π‘√™√ §ÿ≥¡¬ÿ√’ ·´à‡≈’ˬ« §ÿ≥¡≥’∑‘æ¬å-‰¥ ÿ‡°– ‡§√◊Õ ‘ßÀå(YAMADA) §ÿ≥¡≈‘¥“√å Õÿ∑—¬≥—∞æß»å §ÿ≥¡≥’-¿§«—≤πå-≥—™™“  ¡ª√–‡ √‘∞ ÿ¢ §ÿ≥¡≈‘«—≈¬å »√’ «— ¥‘Ï §ÿ≥¡≥’√—μπå† Lotti Songsakul §ÿ≥¡—ß°√ ·°â«¬– §ÿ≥¡πμå™—¬-π—π∑π“-°ƒμ¬“-∑»π¿ ¬Õ¥æ‘π‘® §ÿ≥¡—≥±π“ ‡™‘¥«‘»«æ—π∏ÿå §ÿ≥¡π—≠ å∏‘°“-∏π«—≤πå Õπ—πμ¿§«ÿ≤‘ §ÿ≥¡“≥’ μ√ß»‘√‘«—≤πå §ÿ≥¡π— π—π∑å-‰°√æ‘™≠å  ÿ™“μ‘°ÿ≈«‘∑¬å §ÿ≥¡“πæ-æ«ßæ—π∏ÿå æÿࡇ¢Á¡ §ÿ≥¡π— -惰…“-¥.≠.π«æƒ°…å √◊Ëπ‡√‘ß §ÿ≥¡“π–-«“√’ ‡ªïò¬¡©«’«ß»å §ÿ≥¡πŸ-«√√≥æ√-«√√≥π√’-æ‘¡æ«√√≥ ‰μ√‡πμ√304
  • 300. §ÿ≥¡“≈—¬ ‡§π«‘‡»… §ÿ≥¡“≥æ-«√“√—μπå-∞‘μ‘π—π∑å-¡À—∑∏π“ ‡§â“¡“°§ÿ≥¡“≈‘π’ ªí∑¡¥‘≈° §ÿ≥¡“≥’-™”π“≠-™«≥—∞-π—∑∏¡π ¿Ÿ√‘ªí≠≠«“𑙧ÿ≥¡’«√√≥-≈≈‘¥“-∏π«—™√å æ—π∏»ÿ¿√ §ÿ≥¡“√»√’-«‘¡≈æ—π∏å- ÿ«√√≥ æ—π®—Ëπ§ÿ≥‡¡∏“-Õ“√“¬“-∏π¥≈ §≈⓬ª“π §ÿ≥‡¡¡-∑Õß„∫-¡≥±“∑‘æ¬å ‰¡â™ÿπ§ÿ≥·¡à°ƒ…≥“ §” ‘π §ÿ≥·¡à¢“‰πâ ·´àμ—Èß ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—«®‘√–¿“æ—π∏å§ÿ≥·¡à‡ßÁ°‡μ’¬ß ª√–æ—π∏å∑Õß™—¬ §ÿ≥·¡à·™à¡- ÿ∏“ ‘π’ ¡≥’πæ ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—«§ÿ≥·¡à∑—∫∑‘¡ ∫ÿ≠ √√§å ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—« §ÿ≥·¡à·´–°’Ë μ—π쑇«™«ÿ≤‘°ÿ≈ ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—«§ÿ≥·¡àπ‘¿“≈—°…≥å «‘∫Ÿ≈¬å‚™μ‘ §ÿ≥·¡à‡æ’¬√-‰æ»“≈-®ß®‘μμå ÀπŸ∑Õß, «‘‰≈«√√≥ «™‘√»—°¥‘Ïæ“𑙧ÿ≥·¡à ÿ«√√≥“-®“√ÿ≥’ Õπ—πμå ÿ¢ °ÿ≈ §ÿ≥·¡à«‘∫Ÿ≈«√√≥, æ’√–‡¥™ ™¡“ππ∑å§ÿ≥·¡àÀƒ∑—¬-¥√.Õπ—≠≠“ ‡¡∏¡π—  §ÿ≥·¡à «¬-æàÕ®‘μ-®—π∑åæ‘¡ »√’«‘√—πμå§ÿ≥¬ß¬ÿ∑∏ π‘Ë¡ ÿ«√√≥ §ÿ≥‚¡â«‡®Áß ·´à‚§â«, ¡∫ÿ≠-π‘¿“æ√  àßμ√–°Ÿ≈»—°¥‘ϧÿ≥¬√√¬ß  ÿ«√√≥ §ÿ≥¬“„®- «— ¥‘Ï- ÿ°—≠≠“ «‘»‘…∞廑√‘°ÿ≈§ÿ≥¬ÿæ“æ√√≥ ‰ºàª√–¥‘…∞ §ÿ≥¬ÿæ“ ∏π«ß»å«—™√å, «√‘…“-√ÿâß∑Õß æ—π∏»ÿ¿√§ÿ≥¬ÿæ“«¥’- ¡∂«‘≈ »√’ ¡≈—°…≥å §ÿ≥¬ÿæ“æ√√≥-®—π∑√ ¡ÿ∑√-®‘√æ√√≥§ÿ≥¬ÿæ‘π ‚™‡∫≈ §ÿ≥¬ÿæ‘π ®ß∂‘Ëπ ÿ«√√≥ ·≈–§Õ∫§√—«§ÿ≥¬ÿæ‘π  π∏‘‚æ∏‘Ï·≈–§√Õ∫§√—« §ÿ≥¬ÿæ‘π  ÿ¢’‰æ»“≈‡®√‘≠, æ‘™≠å»ÿ¿√ «‘ ÿ∑∏‘§ÿ≥¬ÿ¿“ ¿Ÿà —πμ‘ —¡æ—π∏å §ÿ≥‡¬“«≥’ ¬Õ¥æ‘π‘® ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—«§ÿ≥¬ÿ«¥’ ‡ ◊ÕÕ‘Ë¡- ”Õ“ß ·´àμ—Èπ §ÿ≥‡¬“«≥’-‡¬“«π‘® »√’ ∂“æ√§ÿ≥‚¬∏‘π-®√— »√’ ≈’π“ππ∑å §ÿ≥‡¬“«‡√» Õ‘´“«– ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—«§ÿ≥√«‘«√√≥ ¡’™â“ß §ÿ≥√¡‘¥“ ¡’™—¬ ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—«§ÿ≥√–«’«√√≥ ®μÿ√æ‘μ√ §ÿ≥√«’‚√®πå-π—π∑å¡π—  °ÿ≈«—≤π噟°‘®§ÿ≥√—™μ“ ¿Ÿ¡‘√—μπå°ÿ≈ §ÿ≥√ √‘π-‡Õ¡Õ—≠√å≠“πå-∏√™≠“ ‡∏’¬√ ÿ™“§ÿ≥√—™π’ ‚Õ®‘¡–·≈–§√Õ∫§√—« §ÿ≥√–«’«√√≥- ¡∫ÿ≠-º“ß ¡Ÿ≈ ‘π∏ÿå ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—«§ÿ≥√—™π’¬å μ—Èß®√Ÿ≠«“≥‘™¬å §ÿ≥√—°™π° ®—π∑√«ß»å ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—«§ÿ≥√—μπ“ ∫√√≥∏‘™—¬ §ÿ≥√—™¥“- ÿ®‘πμπ“ ∏’√–‡«™™‚√°ÿ≈§ÿ≥√—μπ“  —π∑—¥æ“π‘™ §ÿ≥√—™π° ¢—μ«‘≈“» ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—«§ÿ≥√—μπ“æ√ °÷π‡∑Õ√å §ÿ≥√—™π’«√√≥-ACHIM SCHLAGER§ÿ≥√—»¡’ Õ‘π∑‚¡√“ §ÿ≥√—™π’- ÿ∏’-π‘쬓 ‡μ™–æ‘ ‘…∞å§ÿ≥√“≥’ ªÿ≥≥–À‘μ“ππ∑å §ÿ≥√ÿàß∑‘æ¬å-∑√ß»√’ ∏√√¡»√’¥“§ÿ≥‡√≥Ÿ ®‘μ¢®√«“π‘™ §ÿ≥√ÿàßπ¿“-√—μπ“-Õπÿ«—≤πå «√√≥ÿª∂—¡¿å§ÿ≥‡√◊Õß∑‘æ¬å √‘È«‡√‘Ë¡ °ÿ≈ §ÿ≥√ÿâ߇æ™√ »√’«‘™—¬≈”æ—π∏å, ∏π—∑ ‚©¡¬ß§å§ÿ≥√ÿàß‚√®πå- ÿ®‘πμπ“ ™Ÿ™—¬»√’ §ÿ≥‡√◊Õ߬ÿ∑∏å ¥à“𫑉≈ªîμ‘°ÿ≈ ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—«§ÿ≥√ÿ®‘‡√¢ æƒ∑∏‘‡∑æ ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—« §ÿ≥‡√≥Ÿ ‰™¬¡ß§≈-Mr.ISHIKAWA ATSUSHI 305
  • 301. §ÿ≥ƒ∑—¬√—μπå «√√≥√“™ §ÿ≥≈¥“«—≈¬å ®—πªî¬– ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—« §ÿ≥≈ÕÕ °—π‡∑’Ë¬ß §ÿ≥≈–ÕÕß-æ√æ‘¡≈-‡°»π‘‚√∏ ªí∑¡ ÿ¢ ÿ§π∏å §ÿ≥≈–¡àÕ¡ æ‘¡≈∑’ª §ÿ≥≈–ÕÕß-Õ¡√“ ∫√√®ß»‘√‘ §ÿ≥≈—°¢≥“ μ√’»—°¥‘Ï»√’ °ÿ≈ §ÿ≥≈—°¢≥“-πæ¥≈ √—μπ∑√“ππ∑å §ÿ≥≈—°¢≥“ ‡æÁ™√«ß…å §ÿ≥≈—°…≥“ ‡»«μ√ÿà߇√◊Õß-‡ª√¡ ß“¡∏π ¡∫—μ‘ §ÿ≥≈—¥¥“ °—πÀ“§” §ÿ≥≈—¥¥“ ¢®√∑√—æ¬å- MARI MUTO §ÿ≥≈—¥¥“ Õÿàπ®‘μμ‘°ÿ≈ §ÿ≥≈—¥¥“-∑√ßæ≈-™π“°“πμå ªíπ∑«∏“ππ∑å ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—« §ÿ≥≈“≈‘Æ“ ¿Ÿ¡‘‡À≈à“·®âß §ÿ≥≈—¥¥“-擬—æ »√’‡∑’¬π∑Õß §ÿ≥≈”‰¬ ª√– “∑∑Õß §ÿ≥≈‘π®ß ¡Ÿ√“§“¡‘ ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—« §ÿ≥≈‘¢‘μ ‡Œ§¡—ππå §ÿ≥≈’π“-ƒ¥’æ√ ∏√√¡®—°√å°ÿ≈ §ÿ≥≈◊Õæß»å ≈’≈æπ—ß §ÿ≥‡≈¢“- â¡‡∑» °π‘…∞°ÿ≈-∫‘¥“¡“√¥“-∫ÿμ√ §ÿ≥‡≈Á° §”æ“ §ÿ≥‡≈◊ËÕπ ™Ÿ√—™Æå, ‡Õπ° ·´à‡ÕÁß, ‡ª≈◊ÈÕß-≈–ÕÕ ‚™μ‘¡π ·≈–≈Ÿ°À≈“π §ÿ≥«π‘¥“ μ—Èß√æ’æ“°√ §ÿ≥«ß‡¥◊Õπ-™—¬«‘∑¬å ¥“«¡ÿ°¥“ §ÿ≥«π‘¥“  ÿ«√√≥‚¬∏‘π §ÿ≥«ß»å«√√≥√—°…å- ¡¬» · πÀß…å §ÿ≥«√π“√∂ ‚æ∏‘∫ÿ≠ §ÿ≥«π‘μ ‡Õ°¿√“¥√ ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—« §ÿ≥«√πÿ™ ‡≈“À«—≤πå §ÿ≥«√πÿ™-∫—«ß“¡- ÿ∑‘𠇮𰑮°“√ §ÿ≥«√æ≈ ∏—≠≠∏“√“ §ÿ≥«√πÿ™- ¡æ√ æ√À¡¡À“™—¬ ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—« §ÿ≥«√√™ÿ≈’ ¢—π∏‚§§√—¬ §ÿ≥«√ª¿“ ∞“ªπ–‡«™°√, ‡¢¡™—≠≠“  —¡¿«–º≈ §ÿ≥«√√≥¿“ ©∫—∫μ√ß §ÿ≥«√√≥¿“-KAZUHIRO-CHIERI-HIROTAKA-TAICHI-FURUYA §ÿ≥«√√≥¿“-™—¬ ‘∑∏‘Ï  —߶√—μπå §ÿ≥«√√≥«‘‰≈- ¡º≈ ‡μ‘¡‡μÁ¡∑√—æ¬å §ÿ≥«√√≥’ ‡°àß°”®√ §ÿ≥«√√≥“ ·´à‚ßâ«, »ÿ¿°“≠®πå ®‘𥓥’ §ÿ≥«√√≥’ ∑’Ëμ—Èß §ÿ≥«√√≥“ æÿ∑∏‡®√‘≠≈“¿ ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—« §ÿ≥«√√≥’- ÿ≥’ ∏‘μ‘»ÿ¿‚™μ‘ §ÿ≥«√√∏π– Õ«¬®‘π¥“, πƒ¡≈ ‡°‘¥ ÿ¢ §ÿ≥«√“ߧ≥“ ‡μÁ¡º“μ‘ §ÿ≥«√«‘∑¬å-»‘√‘√—μπå-πææ√ «ß»å ∂‘μ¬åæ√ §ÿ≥«√“¿√≥å ‡©≈‘¡√—μπ‚°¡≈ §ÿ≥«√«ÿ≤‘-· ßπ«≈-°“¬·°â«-·°â«°“πμå »√’√—μπå™—™«“≈¬å §ÿ≥«√“≈’ «‘∫Ÿ≈¬å√—μπå §ÿ≥«√“¿√≥å ‡°‘¥‡®√‘≠-Mr. KIYOSHI ARAKAWA §ÿ≥«√‘π∑√å √—μπ¡≥’ §ÿ≥«√“¿√≥å ¬Õ¥æ‘π‘® ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—« §ÿ≥«√‘¬“ ¥’«°ÿ≈ §ÿ≥«√“ƒ∑∏‘Ï-¿√≥’-¿Ÿ√‘™≠“  ƒ…«“≥‘™ §ÿ≥«≈’¬å- ÿ√’¬å À√ÿàπ‡°…¡ §ÿ≥«—™√æß…å ‚ ¡Õ‘π∑√å ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—« §ÿ≥« —πμå ¡ß§≈≈“¿°‘® §ÿ≥«—™√“-Mr.TAKATOSHI SATO §ÿ≥«—™√“ ∏—≠≠°‘μμ‘°ÿ≈ §ÿ≥«—≤π“ ‰¥â °ÿ≈™Ÿ,  °“«√—μπå °Õß·°â« §ÿ≥«—π™π– ‡∑’¬¡∑«’ ‘π §ÿ≥«—≤π“-ª∑ÿ¡«—≈¬å-»‘√¥“-æ√‰æ≈‘π Õÿ¥¡¿—°¥’æß»å §ÿ≥«—π™—¬ Õÿ∑—¬«—≥≥å §ÿ≥«—≤π“-«‘®‘μ√“-«‘«√√≥ ∏√√¡¡ß§≈306
  • 302. §ÿ≥«—π∑π’æ√ ®—π∑√å‡À≈◊Õß §ÿ≥«—π™—¬-∑‘æ«√√≥- ÿæ—™√“  ÿ¿’°‘μ¬å§ÿ≥«—ππ‘æ“ ®Ÿ«—≤π ”√“≠ §ÿ≥«—π™—¬-Õ√™√ §ÿ≥“π—π∑°ÿ≈ ·≈–∫ÿμ√∏‘¥“ À≈“π§ÿ≥«—π«‘ “ π‘≈‡´π §ÿ≥«—π¥’ »—°§–æ—π∏å ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—«§ÿ≥«“π‘™- ÿ«√√≥ «“π‘™ —¡æ—π∏å §ÿ≥«—π∑π’¬å À“≠«‘≠êŸ ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—«§ÿ≥«“√ÿ≥’ √“‚™ §ÿ≥«—π«‘ “¢å °—π∑“∑Õß-æ√√≥’ ‡≈‘» ÿ¢ —πμå ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—«§ÿ≥«“ π“ ‚§«‘π∑å∑«’«—≤πå §ÿ≥«—≈≈¿-«‘√—μπå-™“§√‘  §ß‡¡◊Õߧÿ≥«“ π“ ‡√◊Õß√—°…å≈‘¢‘μ §ÿ≥«—≈≈¿“-¥√.¥«ß°¡≈ ™“쑪√–‡ √‘∞§ÿ≥«“ π“ Õ‘»√“ß°Ÿ√ ≥ Õ¬ÿ∏¬“ §ÿ≥«“ π“-«ÿ≤‘μ“ æ—π∏ÿ√—μπå ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—«§ÿ≥«‘®‘μ√ §¥‡°’Ȭ« §ÿ≥«“ π“-«ÿ≤‘μ“-«√“ߧ≥“-¢π‘…∞“ æ—π∏ÿ√—μπå§ÿ≥«‘™—¬ ‡≈“À«—≤πå §ÿ≥«‘®—°…≥å Àߠ凮√‘≠-®“√’æ√ ™Ÿ‚μ§ÿ≥«‘™—¬-¡“≈’ μ—Èߪ√– ‘∑∏‘¿“æ §ÿ≥«‘®“√-«√√≥’- ‘√¿æ-¬»¿—∑√ §ÿªμ‘æß»å°ÿ≈§ÿ≥«‘™‘μ μ√’¬°Ÿ≈ §ÿ≥«‘®‘μ√-¬ÿ¿“¿√≥å-Õ“√¬“ ¢®√ª√–¿“ —πμå§ÿ≥«‘±Ÿ√ ®‘√æß»åπ—π∑å §ÿ≥«‘™—¬-°“≠®π“  ÿ«‘™™‚¬«ß»å ·≈–§≥–§ÿ≥«‘∑¬“-Õ—≠™π“ · π∑π‘≈ §ÿ≥«‘™—¬-∫“√¡’-‡™‘≠∫ÿ≠  ÿ«√√≥ ‘πæ—π∏ÿå§ÿ≥«‘∫Ÿ≈¬å√—∞ §ß¡—Ëπ °ÿ≈ §ÿ≥«‘™—¬-Õ√πÿ™-π¿¥≈-™π°—πμå Õ√à“¡æß…åæ—π∏å§ÿ≥«‘æ≈- ÿ™“¥“ π√“»√ §ÿ≥«‘‡™’¬√-√—μπ“-‡∫Á≠®“ μ—π°‘¡§ÿ≥«‘¿“«’ ‚¶…‘μ°ÿ≈ §ÿ≥«‘∑Ÿ√ ‡μ™–‡®√‘≠ ÿ¢®’√–-«—π‡æÁ≠- ¡∫—μ‘ °Õߠ߶å§ÿ≥«‘π‘® ®√ÿß«‘¿Ÿ ·≈–§ÿ≥æàÕ§ÿ≥·¡à §ÿ≥«‘π—¬-Õÿ‰√ √ÿ°¢–√—μπå ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—«§ÿ≥«‘¡≈¡“  √—μπ«√“À §ÿ≥«‘¿“  √—° °ÿ≈‰∑¬, Õπßπÿ™ ™à«ß√—ß…’§ÿ≥«‘√ߧå√Õß «‘‡»…ª√– ‘∑∏ §ÿ≥«‘¡≈∑‘æ¬å ‡™’ˬ«™“≠«‘»«°‘® ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—«§ÿ≥«‘√—™ μ—Èß °ÿ≈ §ÿ≥«‘√—≈æ—™√  ¡»‘√‘«—≤π“ ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—«§ÿ≥«‘√“«¥’ ™≈«≥‘™ §ÿ≥«‘‚√®πå ‡®π√ÿ®’ ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—«§ÿ≥«‘√‘∑∏‘Ïæ≈ ‚次√—μπå §ÿ≥«‘‚√®πå- ¡®‘μμå À—  «√æ—π∏ÿå ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—«§ÿ≥«‘√‘¬“  “§‡√» §ÿ≥«‘‚√®πå- ÿ¡“≈’ ∏√√¡«‘®‘쇥™ ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—«§ÿ≥«‘‚√®πå πßπÿ™ ¡“√‘ “ ≈’ §ÿ≥«‘≈—¬ À‘√—≠»√’ ·≈–√â“π°ãß™—¬ ®.√–¬Õߧÿ≥«‘‚√®πå-»√’‚ ¿“ æ‘√‘¬– ¡∫—μ‘ §ÿ≥«‘‰≈≈—°…≥å-ª√–¿“  ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—«§Ÿ«—∏π‰æ»“≈§ÿ≥«‘≈“ ‘π’-°”®—¥  √âÕ¬ ÿ«√√≥ §ÿ≥«‘‰≈«√√≥-®—π∑‘¡“-Õ—¡æ√-πß≈—°…≥å ‡πμ√π‘≈æß…å§ÿ≥«‘‰≈«√√≥ °—π‡°μÿ §ÿ≥«‘‰≈«√√≥-¥.≠.‰Õ´å ´“´“¥– ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—«§ÿ≥«‘«‘»πå ®—π∑π“ §ÿ≥«‘«—≤πå ·Ωß»√’§” ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—«§ÿ≥«‘»‘…∞‘-æ√√≥’ ¡—Ëߧ—Ëß §ÿ≥«‘«—≤πå-°—≈¬“-∑‘æ¬å«√√≥ Õ—§√“«“𑙧ÿ≥«‘‡»…-»ÿ¿‘ √“ «ß»å ‘ßÀå §ÿ≥«‘ ‘∑∏‘Ï-∫ÿ≠»√’- ‘√‘π∑√å °‘μμ‘‚™μ‘æ“≥‘™¬å§ÿ≥«‘ ‘∑∏‘Ï-ª“®√’¬å §ÿ≥π‘√—π¥√ §ÿ≥«’≥“ ‡æ‘Ë¡æ“π‘™ ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—«§ÿ≥«’√«√√≥ ∫ÿ≠‰∑¬ §ÿ≥«’√™“μ‘- ÿ™“¥“-°‘μμ‘æ‘™≠å º≈√âÕ¬ 307
  • 303. §ÿ≥«’√«√√≥ ¡ÿ°¥“ª√–°√ §ÿ≥«’√–™—¬-°√√≥‘°“-æ‘™≠åæß»å-Õ√æ‘™™“ æπ“√¡¬å §ÿ≥«’√«—≤πå-«√‡∑«’ ™≈«≥‘™ §ÿ≥«’√–-‡ª√¡-®”≈Õß μ—≥±‚°‰»¬ §ÿ≥«’√»—°¥‘Ï ‡Àßà“À≈’ ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—« §ÿ≥«’√–æ—π∏ÿå- ÿ¿“¿√≥å ‡ ∂’¬√π懰â“, æ√√≥∑‘æ“  «à“ß §ÿ≥«’√– «ß…几“«»ÿ¿ §ÿ≥«’√–»—°¥‘Ï-Õ“√’√—μπå »‘√‘§ÿ√ÿ√—μπå ·≈–∫ÿμ√∏‘¥“ §ÿ≥«’√–  ÿ¿– §ÿ≥«ÿ≤‘‡≈‘»-‡æ’¬ß„®-∑—°…‘≥“-æ—™√æ√√≥ ∑Õߧ”·∑â §ÿ≥«’√–‡™…∞å ¥«ß¥’‡¥àπ §ÿ≥‡«™¬—πμå-ª√–°“¬¡“» ‡Œß ÿ«π‘™ §ÿ≥«’√“«—≤πå  √âÕ¬ ÿ«√√≥ §ÿ≥‰««‘∑¬å-Õ—≠™—≠-æ‘ ‘Øæ≈-ªæπ √√§å μ—Íπ «— ¥‘Ï §ÿ≥«ÿ≤‘¿—∑√ ¡ÿ ‘°™“μ‘ §ÿ≥»√—≠≠“-ª√–°Õ∫ ¡ÿ ‘°æß…å ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—« §ÿ≥»°≈«√√≥ ¬¡– ¡‘μ §ÿ≥»√’øÑ“-Õ∏‘æß…å-«‘ ‘…∞å-ªî¬«√√≥-™‘‡Õ¡‘- ÿ°‘® §ÿ≥»®’ ‡∫™≈“¥“ §ÿ≥»√’ ÿ¥“ ß“¡‡∂◊ËÕπ ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—« §ÿ≥»√“√—»¡‘Ï ∫ÿ…¬–™—¬π—πμå §ÿ≥»√’ ÿ√’¬å-æ‘¡æåæ‘»“ æ√À¡ “ åπ §ÿ≥»√“«√√≥ «–‚  §ÿ≥»»‘∏√-«√“¿√≥å °ÿ≥±≈∫ÿμ√ §ÿ≥»√‘π∑‘æ¬å ¢«—≠®‘μ√ §ÿ≥»»‘æ—™√å-æ‘™≠“-≥‘™¡π ≈Õ¬ √«ß ‘π §ÿ≥»√’®—π∑√“ „μâ∏ß™—¬ §ÿ≥»»‘¡“-‡√‘ß™—¬-¿Ÿ¡‘™—¬-®‘¥“π—π∑å ∑ÕßÀ≈àÕ §ÿ≥»√’‰æ√ ™¡»—°¥‘Ï §ÿ≥»—°¥‘Ï ‘∑∏‘Ï »‘√‘∑√—æ¬å ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—« §ÿ≥»«—   ÿ¢æÕ¥’ §ÿ≥»“…ÿ≥’ »√’ ÿ«√√≥ ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—« §ÿ≥»»‘∏√ ‡™’¬ß §ÿ≥»‘√ ‘∑∏‘Ï- ÿ∏‘¥“ Õÿ‰√æß…å §ÿ≥»»‘∏√ ‚™§ª√– ‘∑∏å §ÿ≥»‘√‘æ√ ©—μ√∏ß™—¬ ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—« §ÿ≥»»‘π∑√å π‘»“°√π“√“ §ÿ≥»‘√‘æ√√≥ ¡πμå≥—∞»‘√‘ ·≈–∫ÿμ√∏‘¥“ §ÿ≥»»‘¿—  √ ‚™μ‘‡≈¢“ §ÿ≥»‘√‘æ—≤π“-æ—™√¥’-æ‘™≠å «‘∫Ÿ≈¬åæ—π∏ÿå §ÿ≥»‘√‘¢«—≠ ·««π‘≈“ππ∑å §ÿ≥»‘√‘√—μπå-Joke Õ√√§ Ÿ≈¬å §ÿ≥»‘√‘™—¬ ‡ªïò¬¡‡ª√¡ª√’™“ §ÿ≥»‘√‘»—°¥‘Ï- ¡æ√ æ√√≥‡™…∞å §ÿ≥»‘√‘π“∂ ∫ÿμ√“™ §ÿ≥»‘‚√μ¡å-æ√√…™≈-¥.™.ªïμ‘ ‡ μ–æ—π∏ÿ §ÿ≥»‘√‘æ√ §ß‡∑» §ÿ≥»‘«æ√ Lonnerfors ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—« §ÿ≥»‘√‘æ√ «ÿ≤‘∑«’ §ÿ≥»‘«æ√-Mr.YUTAKA MIYAUCHI ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—« §ÿ≥»‘√‘æ√ »√’æ≈·ºâ« §ÿ≥»ÿ¿°‘®-æ‘μμ‘¿√≥å æ—™√“¿√≥å ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—« §ÿ≥»‘√‘æ√√≥ »√’æ≈·ºâ« §ÿ≥»ÿ¿™—¬ »√’»ÿ¿Õ—°…√ ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—« §ÿ≥»‘√‘√—μπå °Õß∑Õß §ÿ≥»ÿ¿™“μ‘-¬‘Ë߇™…∞å-™π‘ “ μ—πμ‘ ÿ√’¬åæ√ §ÿ≥»ÿ¿√¥“ ‚æ∏‘Ï∫“¬ §ÿ≥»ÿ¿«√√≥-æ“∑‘π’ æ≈“¥‘ —¬ §ÿ≥»ÿ¿√¥“ Õ¡√¡π—  §ÿ≥ °π∏å-¥«ß√—μπå-æ‘∑¬“ ∑‘»ÿ∏‘«ß»å §ÿ≥»ÿ¿«√√≥  ‘ßÀ°ÿ≈ §ÿ≥ °≈- ÿ√’¬å-»‘«°√- ‘μ“π—π «‘®‘μ√∫√√≥°“√ §ÿ≥‡»«μ »“ μ√å ∂“æ√ §ÿ≥ °“«æ√√≥-æ‘π∑ÿ¡“»-π‘¿“æ√√≥  ÿ∑∏“¬» §ÿ≥ °ÿ≥“ ·´àμ—Èß §ÿ≥ ß«π-Õ‘Ë¡®‘μμå-πææ√ »√’√ÿâßæ“≥‘™¬å308
  • 304. §ÿ≥ ß«π-¿—∑√“ »√’ ∂“æ√ §ÿ≥ ™π ª√–‡ √‘∞¬‘Ëß- “∏‘μ“ ‡ √’‚√¥¡ ·≈–≠“μ‘¡‘μ√§ÿ≥ ∂‘μ æ—π∏ÿ«—≤πå §ÿ≥ ∂“æ√-¡≥±°“πμå ∑√ß°”æ≈ ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—«§ÿ≥ πÕß-ª√–¿“»√’ ®—° “π §ÿ≥ ¡™—¬-°π‘∞“ ∏π “√»‘≈ªá§ÿ≥ ¡‡°’¬√μ‘ »‘√‘æ—π∏å §ÿ≥ ¡™—¬-º°“¡“»-»‘«√—°…å ∏‡π»∫«√§ÿ≥ ¡‡°’¬√μ‘- ‘π’π“Ø-‡®π®‘√“ §ÿ≥ ¡™—¬-¬ÿæ«√√≥ æ‘π—¬°ÿ≈ ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—«§ÿ≥ ¡§‘¥ ‡°‘¥‚æ∏‘Ï™“ §ÿ≥ ¡™“¬ ‡≈Ⓡªïò¬¡∑Õß ·≈–≠“μ‘¡‘μ√§ÿ≥ ¡®‘μμå ≈—°…≥– §ÿ≥ ¡™“¬ Õπ—πμæƒ∑∏‘Ï ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—«§ÿ≥ ¡®‘μ√å §«√æ—π∏ÿå, æ—™√’ Õ‘Ëπ·°â« §ÿ≥ ¡™“¬ Õπÿ‡§π ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—«§ÿ≥ ¡®‘μ√å- ‘√¿æ  —¡¡“§ÿ≥ §ÿ≥ ¡™“¬-∫ÿªº“-¿§¡π  ÿ√°‘μμ‘¥”√ߧÿ≥ ¡„® ©—μ√‰∑¬ §ÿ≥ ¡™“¬- ÿ°—≠≠“-¥™.æ√À¡ ÿ√‘π∑√å ‡¡μμ“æÿ∑∏‘«ß»å§ÿ≥ ¡™“¬- ÿ¥“-μ–«—π »‘√‘§ÿ√ÿ√—μπå §ÿ≥ ¡™“¬- ÿ¥“«√√≥ æÿ≤‘∏’√–‚™μ‘ ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—«§ÿ≥ ¡™“¬-Õ‘ √’ ∑√—æ¬å∫”√ÿß °ÿ≈ §ÿ≥ ¡∑∫-™≈‘μ“-®‘√“¬ÿ-∏π«—≤πå æ÷Ëß®–ß“¡§ÿ≥ ¡‡¥™ ªÿ¬«ß»å §ÿ≥ ¡∫Ÿ√≥å-ªí≠®¡“æ√ ∏πƒ∑∏‘æ√ ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—«§ÿ≥ ¡π÷° §ß°√–‚∑° §ÿ≥ ¡∫Ÿ√≥å-¡“≈‘π’-πæ¥≈-≥—∞¥≈ ªí∑¡¥‘≈° ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—«§ÿ≥ ¡∫ÿ≠- ¡®‘μ√-· ß Õ“√¬»—°¥“°ÿ≈ §ÿ≥ ¡ª√“√∂π“-Õ¥ÿ≈¬å»√’ »√’ ÿ«Õ ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—«§ÿ≥ ¡∫Ÿ√≥å-®”√Ÿ≠-®ÿ±“√—μπå ∑«’«—≤πå §ÿ≥ ¡æß…å-π‘쬓-Õ¿‘√¥’ μ—πμ‘«“≥‘™¬ ÿ¢§ÿ≥ ¡æ√ §≥“√—°…å §ÿ≥ ¡æß…å-Õ‘ √’¬å ‡À≈à“»√’‰æ∫Ÿ≈¬å ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—«§ÿ≥ ¡æ√ μàÕμ√–°Ÿ≈ §ÿ≥ ¡æ√  ”¡–‚¬, ´ÁÕßÕ’ø ‡§Õ√åπ—«√å ·≈–≈Ÿ°Ê§ÿ≥ ¡æ√ ∑Õß Õ“¥ ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—« §ÿ≥ ¡‚æ∏-®ÿ±“∞‘μ‘ ‡æ≈’¬§√∫ÿ√’ ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—«§ÿ≥ ¡¿“√-«π‘¥“- ÿ¿“«¥’ ‡»«μ™—¬ §ÿ≥ ¡‚¿™-»‘√‘‡°»-»ÿ¿¡—∑π“-¡π ‘√‘ ‚ ¿≥√—μπ‚¿§‘π§ÿ≥ ¡√¿Ÿ¡‘-∑‘æ«√√≥-À“≠≥√ß§å «ß…“ §ÿ≥ ¡√«¬ »‘√‘≈‘¢‘μ™—¬ ·≈–æ’ËπâÕß∑ÿ°§π§ÿ≥ ¡ƒ¥’  ‘π “∏‘μ ÿ°ÿ≈ §ÿ≥ ¡»√’ ∏√√¡Õ“¿“, πÈ”∑‘æ¬å ¡Õ√‘ §ÿ≥ ¡»√’  ÿ∑∏‘∏“√≥åπƒ¿—¬ §ÿ≥ ¡»√’ ∫«√√—μπ§ÿ≥ ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—«§ÿ≥ ¡»—°¥‘Ï- ÿæ√ «ß»å»‘√‘°ÿ≈ §ÿ≥ ¡»√’- ‘√‘æ√-¢«—≠„®-ª“√‘©—μ√ ÀÕ¡æ«ß…å§ÿ≥ ¡ à«π†Leitl §ÿ≥ ¡»—°¥‘Ï ¢—μμÿæß»å«≥‘™ ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—«§ÿ≥ ¡—§√ §ß‡∑» §ÿ≥ ¡»—°¥‘Ï-ºàÕßæ√√≥ ®‘√“¥‘‡√°·≈–∫ÿμ√§ÿ≥ ¡“π- √Õ¬ »√’μ√–°Ÿ≈ §ÿ≥ ¡ “¬-∫“√¡’-Õ√«√√≥ «‘‡»… —ߢå§ÿ≥ √«ß°π° «—≤π™—¬ §ÿ≥ ¡ÿ∑√-π«≈»√’ ·≈–≈Ÿ°Ê μ—Èߧÿªμ“ππ∑å§ÿ≥ √“¬ÿ∑∏-Õ“√¡¬å ‡μ’¬« °ÿ≈ §ÿ≥ √ ‘™-»‘√–…“ ‡≈‘»«‘«—≤πåμ√–°Ÿ≈ ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—«§ÿ≥ «— ¥‘Ï ‚≈À“√™ÿπ §ÿ≥ √‘¬“-«√«√√≥ Õ‘ √’¬å≥ÿ√—°…å ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—«§ÿ≥ «— ¥‘Ï-«—≈¬“ Õπ—πμåæß…å ÿ¢ §ÿ≥ àÕß»√’ æ‘»“≈«“‡≈‘» ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—«§ÿ≥ –Õ“¥-∏’√‡¥™ ‰™¬«√√≥ §ÿ≥ Õ“¥- °“« ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—«≈‘¡ªá°“≠®π«—≤πå§ÿ≥ “§√ Õ‘π∏‘»√ §ÿ≥ —π∑‘μ¬å-π¿—§ À√√…“æ—π∏ÿå ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—« 309
  • 305. §ÿ≥ “¬∑Õß ·æ√¥” §ÿ≥ —π∏‘°“ ªî¬ ‘√“ππ∑å·≈–§√Õ∫§√—« §ÿ≥ “¬æ‘π ·°â«·¥ß §ÿ≥ —¡æ—π∏å-®—π∑√å‡√◊Õß ‡ √‘¡™’æ §ÿ≥ “¬—≥Àå §ß‡¡◊Õß §ÿ≥ “™≈-Õπÿ°Ÿ≈ ‚≈â«‘™“°√μ‘°ÿ≈ ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—« §ÿ≥ ”√«¬-π¿“  ÿ¢„® §ÿ≥ “∏‘μ- ÿ‡πμ√“-®‘√¿—∑√-∞‘μ‘√—μπå  ÿ‚ÕÓ√ §ÿ≥ ”√«¬-æß…å»√’ ‡®“μ√–°Ÿ≈ §ÿ≥ “∏‘π-®—π∑√åπ¿“ ™’«– ÿ∑∏‘ §ÿ≥ ”√“≠ º≈ ÿ¢ §ÿ≥ “¬ ¡√ ·°â«‡πμ√ ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—« §ÿ≥ ”Õ“ß§å ‚Œæ¡—ππå §ÿ≥ “¬À¬ÿ¥  ÿ«√√≥‚√®πå, ≥—∞æ√ ß“¡©«’ §ÿ≥ ‘∑∏‘æ√  ÿ¢º≈ §ÿ≥ ”‡π’¬ß «ÿ≤‘‡°… ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—« §ÿ≥ ‘√‘π∑√å «ß»å«‘∑¬‡«∑¬å §ÿ≥ ”√“≠-∫ÿ≠»√’-¿“ °√-»‘√‘«‘¡≈-»ÿ°≈√—μπå ∫ÿ≠¬—ß §ÿ≥ ‘√‘π—π∑å ®—π∑√· ß §ÿ≥ ‘√‘¿“- ÿ¢®‘μ√å ≈‘¢‘μ»√—≥¬å ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—« §ÿ≥ ‘√‘¬ÿæπ-π‘μ‘π—¬  ’ÀÕ—ß»ÿπ‘® §ÿ≥ ‘√‘ ‘∑∏‘Ï ° ‘«‘¿“√¡—¬-∞Æ«—≤πå ‡Õ’Ë¬¡ ÿ√‘¬–¡ß§≈ §ÿ≥ ‘√‘«√√≥ ∫ÿ≠©Ë” §ÿ≥ ◊∫»—°¥‘Ï- ¡®‘μ√- √®—°√ ¡ß§≈»√’ §ÿ≥ ‘√‘«√√≥ À—  «√æ—π∏ÿå §ÿ≥ ÿ°—≠≠“-™“≠»—°¥‘Ï  ÿ¢«—≤πå ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—« §ÿ≥ ÿ°—≠≠“ ™≈Õ”π«¬ §ÿ≥ ÿ°—≠≠“- “‚√™  °ÿ≈«—≤π– ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—« §ÿ≥ ÿ°—≠≠“ »‘√‘¡“ππ∑å §ÿ≥ ÿ¢™—¬-¥“√“√—μπå-æ√™≈‘μ-°™æ√ Õÿ…“Õ”‰æ §ÿ≥ ÿ°—≠≠“ · «ß∑√—æ¬å §ÿ≥ ÿ¢ÿ¡-‡°μÿ°“πμå-©—∞¡“æ√ ‚μ°“√—≥¬‡»√…∞å §ÿ≥ ÿ°“π¥“-¿§π—π∑å ¿Ÿà¡‘Ëߢ«—≠ §ÿ≥ ÿ§¡πå-®“¡®ÿ√’-¥ÿ…Æ’-π‘μ‘ ¢ÕÀ‘√—≠ §ÿ≥ ÿ¢„®  —ß√«¡„®·≈–§√Õ∫§√—« §ÿ≥ ÿ®‘πμå ≈‘μ“°√ ·≈–®ÿ¥ÕÕ°√∂ªîòπ∑Õß §ÿ≥ ÿ¢ÿ¡“≈-æ—π»—°¥‘Ï §ÿ≥«ß»å §ÿ≥ ÿ™≠“ ‡∫≠®“√—μπå°ÿ≈ ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—« §ÿ≥ ÿ®√√¬“ ‡§√◊Õ§≈⓬ §ÿ≥ ÿ™“¥“ «“ ’, ∫.‚사μâ“ ¢Õπ·°àπ ®°. §ÿ≥ ÿ®“√’ √—°μª√–®‘μ §ÿ≥ ÿ™“μ‘-‡ “«≈—°…≥å μ—Èß∫√√‡®‘¥«≥‘™ §ÿ≥ ÿ™“¥“-‡¡∑‘π’-∑’ª°√ μ—Èß√æ’æ“°√ §ÿ≥ ÿ±“¡“»-¥.™.AKIO IZUMI  ‘ßÀå‚μ∑Õß ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—« §ÿ≥ ÿ™‘π- ÿ™“μ‘ ª√—°∑¬“ππ∑å §ÿ≥ ÿ¥“-¢«—≠™—¬-°ƒμ‘≠“ ‚©¡ß“¡ §ÿ≥ ÿ¥„® ·Œ√å‡∑≈ §ÿ≥ ÿ¥“«√√≥- ¡¿æ-μ‘≥≥¿æ- ‚√™“ Õ—»«√—ß쑧ÿ≥ §ÿ≥ ÿ¥“  «— ¥‘‡∑æ §ÿ≥ ÿ∑∏‘√—μπå-»√’‡æÁ≠ ∏’√–«‘«—≤πå §ÿ≥ ÿ¥“√—μπå HORVAT §ÿ≥ ÿ∑∏‘‚√®πå- ÿ«‡æÁ≠ ∂‘√–∂“«√∑√—æ¬å §ÿ≥ ÿ∑∏‘π—π∑å ∑‘»“«‘¿“μ §ÿ≥ ÿ∑‘π ®—π∑√-§“æ“π ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—« §ÿ≥ ÿ‡∑æ ‡°â“· π ÿ¢ §ÿ≥ ÿ∏√√¡- ¡æ—°μ√å ªíôπª√–‡ √‘∞ ·≈–≈Ÿ°‡μ⬠‚Õã ®‘Í∫ §ÿ≥ ÿ‡∑æ ®—π∑√å∑‘æ¬å §ÿ≥ ÿ∏“∑‘æ¬å  “√–»“≈‘π, ®—°√æß…å ∫àÕ‡°‘¥ ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—« §ÿ≥ ÿ‡∑æ «“π‘™ ÿ¢ ¡∫—μ‘ §ÿ≥ ÿ∏“ ‘π’- “¬ ÿπ’¬å-Õÿ¥¡- ÿ√™—¬-√—™π’ §ÿ≥ ÿπ—π∑“ ®ÿ≈°‘Ëß §ÿ≥ ÿ∏“ ‘π’- ÿ«‘™“¥“- ÿ®‘μμ“-‡¥àπ¥«ß ∏√√¡√—°¢°ÿ≈ §ÿ≥ ÿπ’¬å ‡°‘¥°ÿ»≈ §ÿ≥ ÿ∏’√—μπå-™«≈‘μ-≥—∞æß…å-™—¬Õπ—πμå-≥—∞™¬“ ¥”√ß√—μπå §ÿ≥ ÿπ’¬å ª√–æπæ®πå §ÿ≥ ÿπ∑√-®”π—π∑å «‘®“√≥å ∂‘μ¬å310
  • 306. §ÿ≥ ÿª√“≥’ ∏√√¡«‘®‘쇥™ §ÿ≥ ÿπ∑√’-Õ√ÿ≥’-∑»«√√≥ ∂“«√æ—π∏ÿå§ÿ≥ ÿª√“≥’ ¿Ÿ™—™«π‘™°ÿ≈ §ÿ≥ ÿπ’¬å ¬◊π«“π‘™ ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—«§ÿ≥ ÿª«’≥å «ß»å·À≈¡∑Õß §ÿ≥ ÿπ’¬å- ÿଌ—Ëπ- ÿ‡æ’¬ßæ‘ ¥ÿå ·´àμ—π§ÿ≥ ÿª“π’ ¿Ÿ™—™«≥‘™°ÿ≈ §ÿ≥ ÿª√“≥’ ™π–‚√§-LEO ROSE§ÿ≥ ÿæ√ ‡∫Õ√å‡πÕ√å §ÿ≥ ÿæ®πå-Õπߧå ∂“«√§ÿ≥“°√ ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—«§ÿ≥ ÿæ√ μ—ÈßÕÿ∑—¬ ÿ¢ §ÿ≥ ÿæ√ √ÿ®“æ—π∏ÿå æ√âÕ¡§√Õ∫§√—«§ÿ≥ ÿæ√√≥-™ÿμ‘¡“ æ—π∏»ÿ¿√ §ÿ≥ ÿæ√™—¬ ‚™μ‘æÿ∑∏‘°ÿ≈ ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—«§ÿ≥ ÿ¿√ »‘√‘§ÿ√ÿ√—μπå §ÿ≥ ÿæ—≤πå ¿—∑√«√°ÿ≈«ß»å, ª√–¿“¿—∑√ √ÿ®‘√–∏π≈—°…≥å§ÿ≥ ÿ¿—∑√“  ’„ ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—« §ÿ≥ ÿæ—μ√“ «‘∑¬“ AMY JOHNY NICKY ≈‘« ÿ«√√≥§ÿ≥ ÿ¿“ ™à“ß«‘™™ÿ°“√ §ÿ≥ ÿ¿—§≥‘™-∑Õß®—π∑√å ‰«»¬“√—∑∏å§ÿ≥ ÿ¿“æ—π∏å Õ√à“¡‡°’¬√μ‘ ‘√‘ §ÿ≥ ÿ¿—  √ ‡©°· ß∑Õß ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—«§ÿ≥ ÿ¿“¿√≥å ‡®πÕ“√’«ß»å §ÿ≥ ÿ¿“ ·´à≈‘È¡-°—𬓠¡ÿàß°“√ß“π§ÿ≥ ÿ¿“¿√≥å π‘¡‘μ√«‘≈“  §ÿ≥ ÿ¿“§¬å  ‘√‘¿Ÿ¡‘«√√≥°ÿ≈ ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—«§ÿ≥ ÿ¿“¿√≥å- ÿ‡¡∏’ ™—¬ ∂“«√«ß»å §ÿ≥ ÿ¿“æ- ‘√‘°√-Õπ—≠≠“ ∫Ÿ√≥–§ÿ≥ ÿ¡“≈’ À¡“¬¢’¥°≈“ß §ÿ≥ ÿ¿“¿√≥å »√’«ß»å«√√≥ ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—«§ÿ≥ ÿ√™—¬ ¡“°¡’ ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—« §ÿ≥ ÿ√™—¬-™—™π’¬å-¥™.∏√√¡ƒ∑∏‘Ï ®‘μ√‡æ’¬√§â“§ÿ≥ ÿ√»—°¥‘Ï ‡æ™√Õ‘π∑√å §ÿ≥ ÿ√™—¬-πÿ«¥’-π—π∑åπ¿— -™—¬∫Ÿ√≥å æ≈“¥‘ —¬§ÿ≥ ÿ√»—°¥‘Ï-‡æÁ≠®—π∑√å Õ—»«‚ ¿≥ §ÿ≥ ÿ√≥’ ∑Õ߇À≈◊Õß ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—«§ÿ≥ ÿ√—μπå-Õ√∑—¬ · ß ÿ√–∏√√¡ §ÿ≥ ÿ√‡¥™-≈—°…≥“«¥’-æ‘¡æåπ“√“ ‡°’¬√μ‘∏π“°√§ÿ≥ ÿ√‘π∑√å ·´à‡∫â §ÿ≥ ÿ√æß»å-≥—Ø∞π‘μ¬å-∫ÿ≠ ÿ¥“  ÿ√∫∂‚ ¿≥§ÿ≥ ÿ√’¬å ‡°‘¥°ÿ»≈ §ÿ≥ ÿ√æß»å-º°“«√√≥-Õ¿‘™“μ‘-∏“√‘°“ ‡∑æÀ— ¥‘π ≥ Õ¬ÿ∏¬“§ÿ≥ ÿ√’¬å »—°¥‘Ϫ√–»“ πå §ÿ≥ ÿ√æ√-»√‘π∑‘æ¬å À—μ∂“æ√ «√√§å ·≈–∫ÿμ√§ÿ≥ ÿ√’¬å ‡Õ’ˬ¡»√’ §ÿ≥ ÿ√æ≈-æ√æ‘¡≈-πæ≥—∞ Õ‘∑∏‘‡¡∏’«ÿ≤‘§ÿ≥ ÿ√’¬åæ√ ‡μ’¬√≥∫√√®ß §ÿ≥ ÿ√‘¬πμå-¥.™.π¿—  ·æ‡∑’¬π∑Õß, °‘Ëß°“≠®πå ‡Õ’Ë¬¡· ß§ÿ≥ ÿ«√√≥ ™—¬°‘μμ‘æ√‡≈‘» §ÿ≥ ÿ√‘¬π-¬ÿæ‡√» «√«‘∑¬“ππ∑å ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—«§ÿ≥ ÿ«√√≥“ ∏’√¿“æ∏√√¡°ÿ≈ §ÿ≥ ÿ√’¬å ≥  ß¢≈“, ‡√≥Ÿ  ÿπ∑√¿—°¥‘ϧÿ≥ ÿ«√√≥’ ‡®√‘≠»√ §ÿ≥ ÿ√’¬åπ“∂ ‡™◊ÈÕ√—μπæß…å ·≈–∫ÿμ√∏‘¥“§ÿ≥ ÿ«‘¡≈ °≈—Ëπ™Ÿ §ÿ≥ ÿ√’√—μπå- ¡»—°¥‘Ï Õ—ß§≥“ ÿ‡¡∏“°ÿ≈§ÿ≥ ÿ«’√å  ÿ§π∏√—°…å §ÿ≥ ÿ«√√≥-æ‘¡æåÕπߧå-æ‘¡æå∑Õß-æ‘¡æå¡“¥“ Õ¡√‡∏’¬√§ÿ≥‡ ∂’¬√ ‚μ·¬â¡ ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—« §ÿ≥ ÿ«√√≥“-‡Œâß≈‘È¡ ·´àμ—Èß,  ÿæ—μ√“ ·´à‡Õ’ͬ∫§ÿ≥‡ ∂’¬√-©«’«√√≥ Õ“™«π‘¬ÿμ §ÿ≥ ÿ«√√≥’-™—¬«—≤πå ∑Õ߇®√‘≠™—¬ ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—«§ÿ≥‡ ¡“- ¡æ√ ƒ°…奓«™—¬ §ÿ≥ ÿ«—™√’ »√’√—μπ ÿπ∑√ ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—«§ÿ≥‡ √‘¡»√’ æ—≤πåª√–æß…å §ÿ≥ ÿ«‘™™å-°ƒμ‘°“ √«¡ ÿ«√√≥ ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—« 311
  • 307. §ÿ≥‡ √‘¡ ÿ¢- “«‘π’ «‘®“√≥å ∂‘μ¬å §ÿ≥ ÿ«‘∑¬å™—¬-∫ÿ≠¬å∑‘æ¬å ™¡¿Ÿæ߅凰…¡ ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—« §ÿ≥‡ Õ’ˬ¡ Õ¬ŸàÀ≈“¬ §ÿ≥ ÿ«‘‰≈- ¡»—°¥‘Ï-Õ¿‘™≠“ ‡∑æ°ÿ≥Àπ‘¡—μμå §ÿ≥‡ “«≥’ °“≠®π∂πÕ¡ §ÿ≥ ÿ‡«™-¥.™.KAZUHIDE-¥.™.TSUBASA YAMAKOSHI §ÿ≥‡ “«π’¬å °“≠®π°«‘π §ÿ≥‡ ¡Õ-∑‘æ«√√≥-¿Ÿ¡‘-Õ¿‘ƒ¥’-¥.™.™π– ‚æ∏‘χ®√‘≠∏√√¡ §ÿ≥‡ “«π’¬å ‡ªïò¬¡ —¡ƒ∑∏‘Ï §ÿ≥‡ √‘¡æß…å-՗ߧ≥“ §ÿ≥“∏‘§¡ ·≈–∫ÿμ√∏‘¥“ §ÿ≥‡ “«¿“§¬å «‘∏«“»‘√‘ §ÿ≥‡ “«√  ªí∑¡–≈“ߧÿ≈- ∫ÿ»Æ’ ¿Ÿà —πμ‘ —¡æ—π∏å §ÿ≥· ß∑‘æ¬å ·´à‡Œâß ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—« §ÿ≥· ß ÿ«√√≥ À߅廑√‘π‘√™√ ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—« §ÿ≥‰ «-°«’»—°¥‘Ï ‡®√‘≠®ÿ±“√—°…å §ÿ≥Àπ÷Ë߃∑—¬ §«√æ—π∏ÿå, §“√¡¬å ®‘μ√¥“ §ÿ≥À≠‘ß-KLAUS REIMOLD §ÿ≥À¡‘ß°«π ≈’, «√√≥°“≠®πå ≈‘¢‘μ‡π√—∞ §ÿ≥À√√…“ »‘√‘¬“πÿ∏“¿√≥å §ÿ≥À“≠-®‘πμπ“  ÿ«√√≥惰…“ ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—« §ÿ≥À«—Ëπ-‡∑’¬∫ ™“¥‘…∞å §ÿ≥‡À¡ƒ°…å ¬Õ¥√–∫”, °ƒ™«√√≥  ÿπ∑√™◊Ëπ §ÿ≥À—™™“ ¥‘…∞“π §ÿ≥Õ¥‘»—°¥‘Ï-‡ßÁ°‡°’¬ß ‡μ’¬«»‘√‘∑√—æ¬å ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—« §ÿ≥Õ¥‘»—°¥‘Ï «—≤π°‘®√ÿàß‚√®πå §ÿ≥Õ¥ÿ≈-‡¬“«¿“-Õ“¿“æ—π∏å-πæ¥≈ ‚™μ‘¡π §ÿ≥Õπߧå ß“¡æŸπ ÿ¢ §ÿ≥Õπ—πμå-πææ≈-π™ƒ∑∏‘Ï §Ÿ∂‘√μ√–°“√, «‘¡≈ »‘√‘»—°¥‘Ï §ÿ≥Õπߧå- ÿ≥’-‡ πàÀå ∏√√¡¬‘Ëß §ÿ≥Õπÿ™‘μ π‘≈πâÕ¬»√’, §√Õ∫§√—««‘≈“«√√≥å, §√Õ∫§√—«‰« Ÿß‡π‘π §ÿ≥Õπÿ™—¬ ª√’¥“æ‘æ—≤πåæß»å §ÿ≥Õ‡π°- ‘√‘«‘¿“ Õπ—πμ™“μ‘ ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—« §ÿ≥Õπÿ™“ ·°â«¬– §ÿ≥Õ¿‘™—¬-®ÿ±“∑‘æ¬å ‚™§™ÿ≈’°√ ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—« §ÿ≥Õπÿ™‘μ »‘√‘՗ߧ“«ÿ∏ §ÿ≥Õ¿‘≠≠“ ™π ¬Õß-«‘√—∞≠“-Õ“ “à ™“≠Õÿμ “Àå §ÿ≥Õπÿæß…å ‡∫∑ å §ÿ≥Õ¿‘≠≠“-Õ¡√‡°’¬√μ‘-∫ÿ≠√—°…“  “· ß §ÿ≥Õπÿæß…å ÀÕ®‘μ»‘√‘¬“ππ∑å §ÿ≥Õ¿‘√¥’ ªî≈—π∏π¿“§¬å ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—« §ÿ≥Õ¿‘≠≠“ Stefesius §ÿ≥Õ¿‘√—°…å À“≠Õ‘∑∏‘°ÿ≈-™ÿ≈’°√≥å À‘√—≠™‘«√°ÿ≈ §ÿ≥Õ¡√“«¥’ »√’‡™’¬ß “ §ÿ≥Õ√æ‘¡æå ™≈ °ÿ≈∂“«√-Õ∏‘∫¥’ °—≈¬“ ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—« §ÿ≥Õ¡√‘π∑√å ‡™“«å‰°√ ‘∑∏‘Ï §ÿ≥Õ√à“¡-π—π∑æ√ ∫ÿ≠ª√– “∑ ÿ¢ §ÿ≥Õ√©—μ√ ‡∑»∑Õß §ÿ≥Õ√à“¡-ª√–¡Ÿ≈ Õπÿ™ª√’¥“ ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—« §ÿ≥Õ√∑—¬-ANDY FREY §ÿ≥Õ√à“¡»√’ ©—μ√å·°â«¡√°μ ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—« §ÿ≥Õ√∑—¬-Õ¬Ÿà ®—π∑√å ÿÀ√à“¬ §ÿ≥Õ√ÿ≥√—μπå ≥  ß¢≈“-‡ ∫’¬ß∫ÿ≠·≈–≠“μ‘¡‘μ√ §ÿ≥Õ√πÿ™ ·´à‡Õ’Ȭ« §ÿ≥Õ√ÿ≥√—μπå ≈’«‘√‘¬–‡≈‘» ·≈–∫√√æ∫ÿ√ÿ… §ÿ≥Õ√æ‘π±å °≈‘Ëπª∑ÿ¡ §ÿ≥Õ√ÿ≥’-™—™™Æ“-«√«‘∑¬å-∂«—≈¬å μ—Èß≈‘μ“ππ∑å §ÿ≥Õ√æ‘π∑å-ª√–‰æ  ÿ¢ ∫“¬ §ÿ≥ÕâÕ¡‡¥◊Õπ  ‘ßÀ°≈“ßæ≈ ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—« §ÿ≥Õ√√∂ ‘∑∏‘Ï «“√’»√’ §ÿ≥Õ—ß°Ÿ√  ÿ¢√«’°ÿ≈, °√√≥‘°“  ÿ∑∏‘∂«‘≈ §ÿ≥Õ√«√√≥ √—μπ ÿ¿“ §ÿ≥՗ߧ≥“ «√æ—π∏å°‘®, ¡—∑π“ øíòπ §ÿ≥Õ√«√√≥ «‘ ‘∑∏‘æ≈ §ÿ≥՗ߧ«‘¿“-ª¿“«‘π∑å ∑√—æ¬å√ÿà߇√◊Õß §ÿ≥Õ√«√√≥  ¡‘μ√ §ÿ≥Õ—®©√“-™‘´Ÿ‚Õ–-¥.≠.¡‘¬Ÿ°‘-¥.™.´“‚μ™‘ 𑉧‚¥–312
  • 308. §ÿ≥Õ√ “ ª√–¬Ÿ√Àß…å §ÿ≥Õ—≠™≈’ Õ‘π®“√ÿ √ ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—«§ÿ≥Õ√—≠≠“ WORNER §ÿ≥Õ—≠≠“ ™π ¬Õß-«‘√—∞≠“-Õ“ “Ù“≠Õÿμ “Àå§ÿ≥Õ√ÿ≥»√’ ∫√√‡®‘¥∏√√¡ §ÿ≥Õ—∏¨“  ÿ¢®‘μ√ ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—«§ÿ≥՗ߧ≥“ ‡∑æ…√ §ÿ≥Õ—¡æ√- ÿ‡∑æ-∑‘æ“®“√-Àƒ∑ ™“‡∑æ§ÿ≥՗ߧ≥“ »√’«√√≥«—≤πå §ÿ≥Õ—¡æ√- ÿæ®πå æ√À¡ Ÿß«ß…å§ÿ≥՗ߧπ’¬å  —¡ª™—≠≠°ÿ≈ §ÿ≥Õ—¡æ√-Õ‘»√“ «’√·æ∑¬‚°»≈§ÿ≥Õ—ß ÿ¡“ ®‘μæ‘∑¬“πÿ¿“æ §ÿ≥Õ“™“¿—Ø-Õ—¬√“«—≥ À“≠ ’À§™“ ·≈–≠“μ‘¡‘μ√§ÿ≥Õ—™¨“  ÿ¢®‘μ√ §ÿ≥Õ“¥ÿπ-«‘™ÿ¥“ ™â“ß·°â«¡≥’ ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—«§ÿ≥Õ—≠¢≥“ √ÿàß°‘®∑«’∑√—æ¬å §ÿ≥Õ“∑‘μ¬å  ’ ÿ∏° ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—« ÿ∑∏“¬»§ÿ≥Õ—≠™≈’ ®Ÿ±–®—π∑√å §ÿ≥Õ“ππ∑å-æπ‘™“ »‘√‘ ÿ«—≤πå ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—«≠“μ‘¡‘μ√§ÿ≥Õ—ª √  ‘ߧ“≈«≥‘™ §ÿ≥Õ— -Õ“√’ ∑Õß·°â« ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—«§ÿ≥Õ—¡æ«—π »√’‡æÁ™√«√√≥¥’ §ÿ≥Õ“¿√≥å-‚Õ™«‘π ‡μ√’¬¡æ‘∑¬“§ÿ≥Õ—…Æ“ß§å »√’¥’ §ÿ≥Õ“√åμ- “¬§” ∫√‘À“√ ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—«§ÿ≥Õ“°√ §”‰¡≈å §ÿ≥Õ“√’¬å-≥—∞æ≈-√æ’æ≈-∏’√’≥—∞ «ß…å™◊Ëπ§ÿ≥Õ“¿√≥å ®ß ∂“æ√æ—π∏å §ÿ≥Õ“«å‰™¬-ª“√¬å«¡≈-…“π‘…∞å Õπ—≠≠«‘™≠凥™“§ÿ≥Õ“√¬“ ‡π¢¢—¡¡å §ÿ≥Õ”π“®-°“≠®π’¬å ¡≥’»√’«ß»å°Ÿ≈§ÿ≥Õ“√’¬å æ√“«æ—π∏ÿå §ÿ≥Õ”æ√-Mr.YATSUHIRO-NATSUMI-AKIKO IMAI§ÿ≥Õ”π«¬ ®—π·¥ß §ÿ≥Õ”æ≈ ·°â«¡À“π‘≈ ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—«§ÿ≥Õ”æ≈-Õ√æ√√≥ ‡√◊Õß∏ÿ√°‘® §ÿ≥Õ‘∑∏‘æ≈-™‘π“¿“-π߇¬“«å ‰æ»“≈æ“𑙧ÿ≥Õ”‰æ®‘μ ª√–·¥ß “π §ÿ≥Õ‘∑∏‘æ≈æå-«‘‰≈«√√≥  ’¡– ‘ßÀå ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—«§ÿ≥Õ‘∑∏‘æ—∑∏å «‘∫Ÿ≈¬å‚™μ‘ §ÿ≥Õ‘∑∏‘æ≈- “¬ ÿπ’ ‡æ‘Ë¡»√’ ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—«§ÿ≥Õ‘∑∏‘-Õ—®π“ ®—π∑«—™√“°√ §ÿ≥Õ‘»√“«—≈≈å ®—π®—¥ ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—«§ÿ≥Õÿ¥¡ ∑Õߪ√–‡∑◊Õß §ÿ≥Õ‘ √’¬å ∏π‘π°‘μ‘«ß»å ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—«§ÿ≥Õÿ¥¡-®‘πμπ“  ÿ«√√≥ ‘πæ—π∏ÿå §ÿ≥Õÿ¥¡- ÿπ’¬å-¢«—≠À∑—¬ ®‘μ√«—≤π»‘√‘°ÿ≈§ÿ≥Õÿ¥√-«‘¡≈«√√≥ μ—πμ‘ ÿπ∑√ §ÿ≥Õÿ∑—¬- ÿ‡°’Ȭ«-≈—¥¥“«—≈¬å ·´à‚§â« ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—«Õπ—πμ廑√‘ª√–¿“§ÿ≥Õÿ∫≈  —π∑π“πÿ°“√ §ÿ≥Õÿ∫≈∑‘æ¬å  ÿæ√√≥“ππ∑å ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—«§ÿ≥Õÿ∫≈ Õÿ¥√ ·≈–§≥–≠“μ‘¡‘μ√ §ÿ≥Õÿ‰√-∑“§Ÿ®‘-¥.≠.¡‘°– Õ‘™‘¥– æ√âÕ¡§√Õ∫§√—«§ÿ≥Õÿ∫≈æß»å ∏‡π» ∂‘μ¬å°ÿ≈ §ÿ≥Õÿ‰√«√√≥ º“ ÿ¢ ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—«§ÿ≥Õÿ¡“ ∫ÿªº‡«  §ÿ≥‡Õ°-¢—π∑–≈’ ·°â«À“«ß»å§ÿ≥Õÿ¡“«¥’ π‘∏‘æ√‡¥™– §ÿ≥‡Õ°¿æ- ÿ∏“ ‘π’-ª√‘«√√μ ‡ μ–æ—π∏ÿ§ÿ≥Õÿ‰√ ™ÿπª√’™“ §ÿ≥‡Õ°¡≈-«“√ÿ≥’ »“πμ«—≤πå-»√‘¬“ ‡®’¬√ª√–¥‘…∞§ÿ≥Õÿ‰√«√√≥ ¥«ß¥’ §ÿ≥·Õππ’Ë-‡®ππ‘‡øÕ√å ‡®πÕ“√’«ß»å ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—«§ÿ≥Õÿ…≥’  ÿ«√√≥«√“ß°Ÿ≈ §ÿ≥‡ÕÕ‘®‘-√—μ™≥’¬å-¥.≠.‡Õ√‘ ‡°π¥– 313
  • 309. §ÿ≥‡Õ¡√   ÿ¢Õ¿‘™“μ‘°ÿ≈ §ÿ≥‡Õ’ˬ¡‡ Áß-‰´âŒÿπ ·´à≈‘È¡ §ÿ≥‡Õ¡Õ√ ª√– Ÿμ√å· ß®—π∑√å §ÿ≥‚Õ«“∑-∫ÿ…∫ß »√∑—μμå §ÿ≥‡Õ◊ÈÕ¡æ√ ·´à„™à §ÿ≥‰Õà´‘¡ ·´àπ‘È¡ ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—«‡μ™–‡«™ §ÿ≥‚Õ¿“  ®√‘¬“°Ÿ≈ §ÿ≥Œ«¬Œ—È« ·´à·μâ,  ÿ√“ߧå-«’√–‡°’¬√μ‘ ‡μ™–¡πŸ≠ ‚§√ß°“√∫—≥±‘μ·°â« §ÿ≥Œ—ß∫ÿãπ ·´àÕ÷Èß, ´ŸßâÕ ·´àμ—Èß, Õ¿‘™‘μ-≥—∞«—≤πå ‡À≈◊Õßμ—Èß«‚√¥¡ ®ÿ¥ÕÕ°√∂ÕâÕ¡πâÕ¬ ®.Õ.Õ‡π°-æàÕ≈ÿâ¬-·¡à«√√≥“ »√’ ÿ¢ ‡®â“Àπâ“∑’ËÀ¡Ÿà∫â“πÕ“ “ ¡—§√ ‡®â“Àπâ“∑’Ë, Õ“ “ ¡—§√ º.∏√√¡ªí≠≠“ °.∫√‘°“√ß“π∫ÿ≠ ‡®â“Àπâ“∑’ËÕ“ “ ¡—§√°Õß∫ÿ≠ ∂“𠇮â“Àπâ“∑’Ë, Õ“ “ ¡—§√ º.√—μπ∏√√¡-μ‘¥μàÕ Õ∫∂“¡ ™¡√¡æÿ∑∏»“ μ√å “°≈ ™¡√¡»‘…¬å‡°à“-»‘…¬åªí®®ÿ∫—π≈Ÿ°æ√–∏—¡œ ¡.¢Õπ·°àπ ¥.≠.«≈—¬æ√ «ß»å«‘«—≤πå ¥.™.æ‘»≈¬å-æ‘√—≈-æ‘…≥ÿ ¢—π·¢Áß, ¬“¬™Ÿ®‘μ√  ¡∫—μ‘æ“π‘™ ¥√.·®à¡®‘μμå ‡≈“À«—≤πå ¥.≠.∏π¿√≥å ‡∑‡«»¡åÕÿ¥¡ ·≈–Õ“ “ ¡—§√¬ÿ«™πμâÕπ√—∫√–¥—∫‚≈° ¥√.π¿“»√’ ‰«»¬–π—π∑å ¥√.π‘Ë¡π«≈ ‚Õ°Ÿ¡à“ ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—« ¥√.ª√–≥μ-∑—»π’¬“ æ‘æ—≤π“ß°Ÿ√ ¥√.πÿ™π‘¿“ π—π∑–«ß»å ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—« ¥√. ¡»—°¥‘Ï- ÿ™“¥“-πÈ”º÷Èß »√’ ¡∫ÿ≠ ¥√.«’√»—°¥‘Ï- ÿ¿“¿√≥å ª√°μ‘ ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—« ¥√.Õπ—≠≠“-§ÿ≥·¡àÀƒ∑—¬ ‡¡∏¡π—  ∑æ.‰æ‚√®πå-®“√ÿ≥’ μ—π쑇«™«ÿ≤‘°ÿ≈ ∑æ≠.∫ß°™  ÿ«√√≥ªí∑¡ π.μ.‰æ»‘≈ªá-ºÿ ¥’- ÿ¿“«¥’ »√’„  ∏ÿ¥ß§ ∂“π®—π∑ªÿ√– π. æ. —≠™—¬-¡“≈’«√√≥ ≈’‚∑™«≈‘μ π. æ.«‘…ÿ«—μ-‡πμ√∑√“¬ ∫ÿ√ÿ… π.Õ.À≠‘ßæ√∑‘æ¬å √ÿàß°√ÿ¥ ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—« π.Õ.(摇»…) —πμå- ÿ¢»√’ ™“¥‘…∞å π.Õ.À≠‘ß ÿæ—μ√“  ‘∑∏‘√“™“ π.Õ.À≠‘ß ÿ«’√å  ÿ§π∏√—°…å πæ.°‘μμ‘-æ∫æ√ °√√¿‘√¡¬å πæ.∑«‘∑—»πå-«π‘¥“ μ—Èß√æ’æ“°√ πæ.∫ÿ≥¬å∏π‘ √å- √’√–‡æÁ≠ ‚Õ∑°“ππ∑å ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—« πæ.æ߅凥™- ÿ«æ’√å æß…å ÿ«√√≥ πæ.‰æ‚√®πå-æ≠. √—≠≠“-æ’√–-√–æ’-‡ªïò¬¡ªîμ‘  àߧÿ≥∏√√¡ πæ. π—Ëπ-»»‘∏√ π‘¡¡“π‡ √’ πæ.¿“≥ÿ‡¡»-æ≠. ÿπ’¬å-¥.™.°≈â“μ–«—π-¥.≠.®‘π¥“¡≥’ »√’ «à“ß πæ. «— ¥‘Ï ‡æÁ™√√—μπå πæ.«“±‘μ-®μÿæ√ «—≤π»—æ∑å ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—« 𓬰 Õ∫μ.«‘√–»—°¥‘Ï Œ“¥¥“ πæ. ÿ∑∏‘»—°¥‘Ï-™—¬æ√- ÿ∑∏‘æß…å «ÿ≤‘æ—π∏å‡√◊Õß™—¬ ∫√¡‡»√…∞’ NETWORK 21 πæ. ÿπ∑√-æ≠.≈—¥¥“«—≈¬å ŒâÕ‡ºà“æ—π∏å ∫√‘…—∑ ™“쑇»«μ °√ÿäª ®”°—¥ ∫—≥±‘μ™¡√¡æÿ∑∏»“ μ√å “°≈ ∫√‘…—∑ ‡™’¬ßæ‘≥√«¡«— ¥ÿ ®”°—¥ ∫ÿ§≈“°√√ÿàπ 13 ç∑–‡≈∫ÿ≠é ∫√‘…—∑ ‰∑¬√—μπ嬓π¬πμå ∫ÿ§≈“°√√ÿàπ 14 ç°≈—Ëπ∫ÿ≠é ∫√‘…—∑ «‘™—¬ Õ’§«‘ª‡¡âπ∑å ∫ÿ§≈“°√√ÿàπ 16 牡àμ°°—π¥“√ ¡’∑’Ë ÿ¥·Ààß∏√√¡‡ªìπ∑’ˉªé ∫√‘…—∑ Õ’´’Ë«‘π ®”°—¥ ∫ÿ§≈“°√√ÿàπ 19 ç Ÿâ‚«â¬é º».¥√.∂‘√æß…å ∂‘√¡π—  º».‡¥™“-º».«‘¿“«’ ‡°’¬√μ‘»‘√‘ º».¥√.æ—™π’  ÿ«√√≥»√’ º».πæ.∑πß™—¬  ‘√‘Õ¿‘ ‘∑∏‘Ï314
  • 310. º». ¡„® ™Ÿ‡πμ√ ºŸâª√– “πß“π·°â«¿Ÿ∏√ ¿“§‡Àπ◊Õ ‡¢μ 1·ºπ°Õ∏‘…∞“π∏√√¡ 1 ºŸâª√– “πß“π·≈–ºŸâπ”∫ÿ≠ª“°‡°√Á¥¿“§ 5æ√–¬“ºÿ¬-π“ßæ√–¬“·æߥ’ æ‘≈“«√√≥ ·ºπ°‡æ™√°≈“ß·°â« °Õß√—°…“∫√√¬“°“»æ.μ.∑.∏π‡¥™ ‡À≈◊Õß√—™π“∑ æ.μ.∑.∏π“æ®πå-∫ÿ≠¡≥’ ‡°‘¥¿Ÿà ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—«æ.μ.∑.ª√–¿— √å ª√–¬Ÿ√Àß…å æ.μ.∑.√ÿàß‚√®πå-¡≈À∑—¬ ‡√’¬¡¥’ ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—«æ.μ.À≠‘ߥ≈À∑—¬ ·°â«¥«ß æ.μ.∑.«‘‡™’¬√-∫ÿ≠™Õ∫ ‰∑√‚æ∏‘Ï∑Õßæ.μ.Õ.À≠‘ß ÿπ’¬å À“≠™—¬«—≤πå æ.∑.™¬—πμå-∫ÿ≠ ◊∫ «ß…åª√–‡ √‘∞ ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—«æ.Õ.‰æ±Ÿ√¬å- ¡π÷° Õ√√§«—≤πå æ.Õ.√«¡æ≈-‡®π®‘√“-ª°ªÑÕß ¡’™ŸÕ√√∂æ≠.°“≠®π“ ™—¬°‘μμ‘»‘≈ªá æ.Õ.Õ“™“¿—Ø-‰Õ¬√“«—≥ À“≠ ’À§™“æ≠.π«æ√√≥ º≈∫ÿ≠ æ≠.°’√μ‘°“πμå ≈”¥—∫«ß»å ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—«æ≠.≈—°…≥“  “¡‡ π æ≠.·°â«„®  —πμ‘π—πμ√—°…å-æ.Õ.æß…å —πμå ·°â«ª√–°‘®æ≠.«√√≥’ ∏π‰æ»“≈ æ≠.πƒ¡≈ ®‘πμæ—≤π“°‘® ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—«æ≠. ÿ«√√≥’ «’√–‡»√…∞°ÿ≈ æ≠.ª«’≥“- ÿ¿“¿√≥å ‡™’ˬ«™“≠«‘»«°‘®æ≈.μ.¥√.∑‘æ‡∑æ ¬»∑Õ߇®‘¡ æ≈.√.μ. ¡‚™§-πÿ™√‘π∑√å-≥—Ø∞æ√-«—π√–«’ ∫ÿ≠¬‘Ëßæ≈.∑. ÿ√‘¬–- √≥’¬å Õ“»√—¬√“…Æ√å æ≈.Õ.μ.¿—°¥‘«√√∏πå- “«‘μ√’ «™‘√æ—≈≈¿√.μ.μ. «— ¥‘Ï-μ—Ëπ-«√‘®©√“ ¬¡π“ æ.Õ.摇»…¥‘≈°-»‘«“≈—¬ ∏π¿—∑√ ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—«√.μ.Õ.æ‘æ—≤πå ¡“≈“∏√√¡√—μπå √.μ.∑. ∂“æ√- π∏‘¬“- √“≠®‘μ ‰°√ƒ°…å√.Õ.ª√– ‘∑∏‘Ï ¡’ «— ¥‘Ï √.Õ.°™¡πμå-‡ªìπ‡Õ° ÕàÕπª√–‡ √‘∞, À∑—¬√—μπå ªŸ∑‘ªîπ√.Õ. Õ“¥-ª√– æ ÿ¢ æ߅堟߇π‘π √».°“≠®π“-«‘±Ÿ√¬å μ—π ÿ«√√≥√—μπå√».¢π‘…∞“ æŸπº≈°ÿ≈ √».¥√.∏ß √«ß Õ‘»√“ß°Ÿ√ ≥ Õ¬ÿ∏¬“√â“πæ’ æ’ ∫ÿä§ √».∏¥“«¥’-æ.Õ.À≠‘ߪ“≥∑√“ ¡’π–°π‘…∞√â“π¡ß§≈‡®√‘≠ ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—« √â“π®—°√«“≈·Õ√å ·Õπ¥å ´“«¥å, §√Õ∫§√—««‘‡»…»ÿ¿√—μπå√â“π≈Ÿ°·°â«™âÕª √â“ππà“πøÑ“ 3 °√Õ∫√Ÿª ®.°“≠®π∫ÿ√’≈Ÿ°æ√–∏—¡œÕ¬ÿ∏¬“ √â“π‰∑¬¬“߬πμå ®—π∑∫ÿ√’ (ªÑÕ-μ—È«)»ÿπ¬å°≈¬“≥¡‘μ√À“¥„À≠à — ‚√ß欓∫“≈®‘쇫™‡≈¬√“™π§√‘π∑√廟π¬å°—≈¬“≥¡‘μ√π§√√“™ ’¡“ «à“∑’Ëæ.μ. ¡™“¬- ¡—¬ ¡ÿà߇Õ◊ÈÕ¡°≈“ß»Ÿπ¬åªØ‘∫—μ‘∏√√¡μ≈‘Ëß™—π ».πæ.™—¬√—μπå- ¡—¬-æ√âÕ¡®‘μ√-»‘√‘æ√ π‘√—πμ√—μπ廟π¬åªØ‘∫—μ‘∏√√¡π§√™—¬»√’  ”π—°ß“πª√– “πß“π™¡√¡æÿ∑∏»“ μ√廟π¬åÕ∫√¡‡¬“«™π ÿ√π∑√å ‘ À®°.∑’·¡πø“√å¡“ ·≈–∫√‘…—∑ ‡Œ‡«àπ‡Œ‘√å∫ ¡“™‘°Õ“»√¡Õÿ∫“ ° À®°.‡¡Õ√‘∑ μ“√å ( √‘μ“-‡∑«“-∑«’∫ÿ≠-∫ÿ≠∑«’) ‚¡ √μâÕπ√—∫√–¥—∫‚≈° À—«Àπâ“™—Èπ-π—°‡√’¬πÕπÿ∫“≈Ωíπ„πΩíπ«‘∑¬“À¡Ÿà∫â“πªØ‘∫—μ‘∏√√¡ À¡Ÿà∫â“π惰…“ 12 ·≈– 12/1Õ.∏‡π»√å ‡ π“–‡¡◊Õß Õ.æ‘»¡—¬ ¡Ÿ≈æ‘π‘® 315
  • 311. Õÿ∫“ ‘°“√ÿàπ 1 Õ“ “ ¡—§√·ºπ° DMC °Õß√—°…“∫√√¬“°“» Õÿ∫“ °∑’¡ß“π摇»… Õ“ “ ¡—§√·ºπ° «— ¥‘°“√‡®â“Àπâ“∑’Ë WAT BUDDHA JOHANNESBURG CAPE TOWN MEDITATION CENTER AMANDA MCLEOD AMPHANH THAVONEKHAM AND FAMILY AMY-MICHAEL KITTIUDOM AMPORN-TAWEE-PAM KOTCHAVONG ANGELA SOUNGPANYA ANNA RUSSELL CHINN AND FAMILY ANONH CHANTHAVONGSY BOUNTHAN & THEO SORPRASEUTH AREE SRIVANLOP CHANARONG-MANISONE OPASKIT BOB JD THUM DANAIYA CHAROENPHONG & KYLE SU BOON SU KIN ·≈–≠“μ‘¡‘μ√ DOROTHY ELIZABETH VASSANTACHART BOUNNAO VONGSAYARATH FERGUS WANPEN STATOM DAM CHANTHAVONGSY JENNIFER KITIL JENAREEWONG DENGSY INTHAVONG JIM-KHIM WEIR- ÿ«√√≥-»√’‡¡◊Õß ‡æÁ≠≠“‰≈¬ ·≈–§√Õ∫§√—« DUANGTULA†BOGNUDA JINTANA-MARC FISCHLEWITZ GORDON GARCIA MALY SOR AND FAMILY GURNNAN NORMAN MARAYART-BUNCHA CHAROENPHONG HAKON WIEN MONTONNAKORN-WISASA TIENPENG HAYASHI KAZUHIRO Mr.TADASHI-SUTO-°¡≈«√√≥-¡√°μ-‡¡π∑Õ≈  ’ ≈«¬ JAISAMARN AMREE NARRY LANN & FAMILY JOHN & SUTIRA DIVAR NAVIYA STANLEY MARK CHRUSCIEL KONG IMOEBSUK NIRUN-SUPAMAS TANTAWIWAT MARC HUBBARD PAUL-LINDA PRIDANONDA MARY-CLARENCE FROST PHAYPHONE WONGPRASERT AND FAMILY MR.YOSHIHIRO MAEDA PORNPIMOL & FAMILY WIN PANINTORN CHUENIM RUETAI-DAVID-EDWARD FROST PRASONG McCRAY SAKULTRA CAPPS AND FAMILY SAMLY SOVIDARAY SMITTHI - KAYA NAPACHOTI SANGPEN FELDT VIENGKEO-SOUCHINDA BORIHANH & FAMILY SANTANA FAMILY VIROD-PAT KUMSAITONG SONEAR PREV ALLYSSA VONG SAY VENG KIM ALEX SUPAPORN†GUGGIARI WANIDA-HANS WALTER-BENJAMIN BENESCH SUTTHINEEWAN†CURIT WWW.DMC.TV TEE YENBAMROONG YUJEI WANG316
  • 312. ç„π∑’Ë ÿ¥...§ÿ≥°Á™π–!é AT LASTÇYOU WIN ‚¥¬ μ–«—π∏√√¡ISBN 978-974-09-6320-2∑’˪√÷°…“°‘μμ‘¡»—°¥‘Ï æ√–√“™¿“«π“«‘ ÿ∑∏‘Ï (À≈«ßæàÕ∏—¡¡™‚¬) æ√–¿“«π“«‘√‘¬§ÿ≥ (À≈«ßæàÕ∑—μμ™’‚«)∑’˪√÷°…“ æ√–¡À“ ¥√. ¡™“¬ ü“π«ÿ±⁄‚≤ æ√–ª≈—¥ ÿ∏√√¡  ÿ∏¡⁄‚¡ æ√– ¡ÿÀåÕ”π«¬»—°¥‘Ï ¡ÿπ‘ °⁄‚° æ√–¡À“‡ ∂’¬√  ÿ«≥⁄≥ü‘‚μ (ª.∏.9) æ√– ¡∫—μ‘ √°⁄¢‘μ⁄®‘μ⁄‚μ Õπ—πμå Õ—»«‚¿§‘π ∫ÿ≠™—¬ ‡∫≠®√ߧ°ÿ≈ ¥√.ª√–°Õ∫-«√√≥“ ®‘√°‘μ‘ ‡¡μμ“  ÿ«™‘μ«ß»å «‘™≠“ ‰μ√«‘‡™’¬√ ™π‘¥“ ®—π∑√“»√’‰»≈§≥–ºŸâ®—¥∑” °Õß«‘™“°“√01  ”π—°ß“πª√– “πß“π摇»…  ”π—°Õߧåª√–∏“π °Õß ◊ËÕ∏√√¡–  ”π—° ◊ËÕ “√Õߧå°√  ”π—°μà“ߪ√–‡∑»  ”π—°°“√»÷°…“ÕÕ°·∫∫ª°·≈–√Ÿª‡≈à¡ ‡¡μμ“  ÿ«™‘μ«ß»å ·≈– DM&S Advertising Co.,Ltd  °π∏å ‡≈Õ ‘π ®ß°≈ «‘√‘¬–«ß»å  ÿ¡“≈’ ‡§√◊Õ«—≈¬åª√– “πß“π  ”π—°ß“πª√– “πß“π摇»…  ”π—°Õߧåª√–∏“πæ‘¡æå§√—Èß∑’Ë 1 ®”π«π 3,000 ‡≈à¡«—π∑’Ëæ‘¡æå 15 惻®‘°“¬π 2550≈‘¢ ‘∑∏‘Ï ¡Ÿ≈π‘∏‘μ–«—π∏√√¡ μŸâ ª.≥.122 Õ.§≈ÕßÀ≈«ß ®.ª∑ÿ¡∏“π’ 12120 www.tawandhamma.org Email : info@tawandhamma.orgæ‘¡æå∑’Ë ∫√‘…—∑ √ÿàß»‘≈ªá°“√æ‘¡æå (1977) ®”°—¥ °√“∫¢Õ∫æ√–§ÿ≥·≈–°√“∫Õπÿ‚¡∑π“∫ÿ≠∑ÿ°∑à“π ºŸâ¡’ à«π ”§—≠¬‘Ëß∑”„ÀâÀπ—ß ◊Õ ç„π∑’Ë ÿ¥...§ÿ≥°Á™π–é  ”‡√Á®∫√‘∫Ÿ√≥å 317