Young peoples health

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young peoples health, drug abuse, smoking, Alcohol, Accidents, caffeine, technology, STi

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  • Image source: Steve Mason/Getty Images
  • Image source: Royalty-Free/Corbis
  • Image source: Royalty-Free/Corbis
  • Image source: US Drug Enforcement Agency
  • Image source: US Drug Enforcement Agency
  • Image source: US Drug Enforcement Administration
  • A lot of the research I found was conducted in Asian countries, where Internet café’s are prevalent and commonly used. And this is how Internet addiction was measured.
  • Young peoples health

    1. 1. 1
    2. 2. 1 7 Deadly Health Habits for Young People ;( Raymond Arhin
    3. 3. SAD ACTS of YP  • THAT CHILDREN OF GOD SHOULD NOT ENGAGE IN! • Ecclesiastes 12: 1 Remember thy creator in the days of thine youth….
    4. 4. 7 DEADLY HABITS 1 SMOKING 2 ALCOHOL 3 DRUG ABUSE 4 ACCIDENTS/SUICIDE/HOMICIDE 5 CAFFEINE 6 TECHNOLOGY 7 SEXUAL IMMORALITY
    5. 5. 7 DEADLY HABITS 1 SMOKING • ALCOHOL • DRUG ABUSE • ACCIDENTS/SUICIDE/HOMICIDE • CAFFEINE • TECHNOLOGY • SEXUAL IMMORALITY
    6. 6. SAD ACTS of YP  • THAT CHILDREN OF GOD SHOULD NOT ENGAGE IN! • Ecclesiastes 12: 1 Remember thy creator in the days of thine youth….
    7. 7. Leading causes of death
    8. 8. SMOKING Beware of passive smoking !!!
    9. 9. WHICH OF THE TWO IS REALLY SMOKING?
    10. 10. ALCOHOL AND TOBACCO
    11. 11. SAD ACTS of YP  • THAT CHILDREN OF GOD SHOULD NOT ENGAGE IN! • Ecclesiastes 12: 1 Remember thy creator in the days of thine youth….
    12. 12. WINEWINE
    13. 13. My Dr said one glass a day I guess I can live with that !!
    14. 14. Alcohol as a Drug • Alcohol is the second most widely used and abused of all psychoactive drugs. Q.What drug is the most widely used and abused drug? A. Caffeine © AbleStock
    15. 15. How Alcohol Is Absorbed in the Body
    16. 16. © 2009 McGraw-Hill Higher Education. All rights reserved. Blood Alcohol Concentration (BAC) • BAC = percentage of alcohol in a measured quantity of blood • BAC rises when alcohol is consumed faster than it is metabolized by the liver - BAC: 0.05% Changes in behavior - BAC: 0.10% Decrease in motor function - BAC: 0.25% Body starts to shut down • Acute alcohol intoxication = potentially fatal elevation of BAC, often resulting from heavy, rapid consumption of alcohol
    17. 17. © 2009 McGraw-Hill Higher Education. All rights reserved. Gender and Alcohol Absorption • Women absorb more alcohol more quickly than men - Less alcohol dehydrogenase - Proportionately more body fat - Proportionately less body water - Effects of menstrual cycle
    18. 18. 9. Alcoholism is a ‘disease’9. Alcoholism is a ‘disease’ We have now turned liberal towards alcoholics and call alcoholism a disease rather than an addiction. If alcohol is a disease, it is the only disease that: - Is sold in bottles - Is advertised in newspapers, magazines, on radio and television - Has licensed outlets to spread it - Produces revenue for the government - Brings violent deaths on the highways - Destroys family life and increases crime - Has no germs or viral cause
    19. 19. Why Why not drink? • Alcohol is not harmless • It is toxic, = intoxicant • 40 % of all traffic fatalities are alcohol related
    20. 20. 2. Prohibition of alcohol in the Bible2. Prohibition of alcohol in the Bible The Bible prohibits the consumption of alcohol in the following verses: 1. "Wine is a mocker, strong drink is raging; and whosoever is deceived thereby is not wise." [Proverbs 20:1] 2. "And be not drunk with wine." [Ephesians 5:18]
    21. 21. ABUSE ISSUES
    22. 22. WASTED!!! WASTED!!!
    23. 23. SAD ACTS of YP  • THAT CHILDREN OF GOD SHOULD NOT ENGAGE IN! • Ecclesiastes 12: 1 Remember thy creator in the days of thine youth….
    24. 24. DRUG ABUSE Psychoactive drug = any substance capable of altering feelings, moods, or perceptions.
    25. 25. © 2009 McGraw-Hill Higher Education. All rights reserved. The Process of Addiction • Addictive behavior has three common aspects: • Exposure: Introduced to the drug or behavior that is considered pleasurable • Compulsion:Time, energy, and money are spent to pursue the behavior. Normal behavior has already degenerated • Loss of control: Addicted people lose the ability to control their behavior and results in addiction to more than one drug or behavior
    26. 26. © 2009 McGraw-Hill Higher Education. All rights reserved. Drug Misuse and Abuse • Drug misuse: Inappropriate use of legal drugs intended to be medications • Intentional or unintentional • Drug abuse: Any use of a legal or illegal drug in a way that is detrimental to health or well- being
    27. 27. © 2009 McGraw-Hill Higher Education. All rights reserved. Drug Dependence • Addiction/physical dependence: Compulsive, uncontrollable dependence on a substance, habit, or practice to such a degree that cessation causes severe emotional or physiological reactions • Withdrawal illness: Uncomfortable response of the body as it attempts to maintain homeostasis in the absence of a drug • Tolerance:An acquired reaction to a drug in which the continued intake of the same dose has diminished effects • Psychological dependence: Craving a drug for emotional reasons and to maintain a sense of well-being
    28. 28. © 2009 McGraw-Hill Higher Education. All rights reserved. Six Categories of Psychoactive Drugs 1. Stimulants 2. Depressants 3. Hallucinogens 4. Cannabis 5. Narcotics 6. Inhalants
    29. 29. © 2009 McGraw-Hill Higher Education. All rights reserved. Stimulants • Key actions: Stimulate the function of the central nervous system • Increased heart rate, blood pressure, brain function • Feelings of energy, exhilaration • Examples: • Cocaine • Amphetamine • Methamphetamine • Caffeine
    30. 30. © 2009 McGraw-Hill Higher Education. All rights reserved. Depressants • Key actions: Slow the function of the central nervous system • Reduced heart and breathing rates, blood pressure • Lowered inhibitions, impaired judgment • Sedation, drowsiness, loss of consciousness • Examples: • Barbiturates • Rohypnol • Alcohol • Tranquilizers-Valium
    31. 31. © 2009 McGraw-Hill Higher Education. All rights reserved. Hallucinogens- trip • Key actions:Altered states of feeling and perception (hallucinations, distortions of reality) • Increased temperature, heart rate, blood pressure • Weakness, tremors, nervousness, paranoia • Synesthesia (sensation of combining of the senses) • Examples: • LSD • PCP • Ecstasy and designer drugs
    32. 32. These experiences are often compared to non-ordinary forms of consciousness such as trance, meditation, dreams, or insanity
    33. 33. © 2009 McGraw-Hill Higher Education. All rights reserved. Cannabis Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) • Key actions: • Euphoria, confusion, Slowed thinking and reaction time • Impaired balance and coordination • Cough, frequent respiratory infections • Examples: • Hashish • Marijuana
    34. 34. © 2009 McGraw-Hill Higher Education. All rights reserved. Narcotics (Opiates) • Key actions: • Relief of pain, euphoria, sedation, drowsiness, confusion • Reduced heart rate and blood pressure • Natural and synthetic; derived from the Oriental poppy plant • Examples: • Opium • Morphine • Heroin • Oxycodone
    35. 35. © 2009 McGraw-Hill Higher Education. All rights reserved. Inhalants • Key actions: • Unpredictable, drunklike effects; aggression • Damage to respiratory and cardiovascular systems • Examples: • Gasoline • Glues • Paint • Aerosol propellants • Nitrites (“laughing gas”)
    36. 36. people in England in 2011- Selected statistics from the Information Centre’s annual report www.ic.nhs.uk 61
    37. 37. 62
    38. 38. Sources of helpful information about drugs, by sex
    39. 39. Number of occasions pupils have ever taken drugs
    40. 40. 65
    41. 41. 66
    42. 42. 67
    43. 43. 68
    44. 44. 69
    45. 45. SAD ACTS of YP  THAT CHILDREN OF GOD SHOULD NOT ENGAGE IN! Ecclesiastes 12: 1 Remember thy creator in the days of thine youth….
    46. 46. ACCIDENTS/ HOMICIDES/ SUICIDE 71
    47. 47. FIVE LEADING CAUSES OF DEATH, USA, AGES 15-24, 1998 • (1) Accidents 51.8% 12,752 • (2) Homicide 21.3% 5,233 • (3) Suicide 16.3% 4,003 • (4) Cancer 6.8% 1,670 • (5) Heart Disease 3.9% 961
    48. 48. Young men • Young men don't wear seat belts as often as young women do.They're also more likely to carry weapons, to get into physical fights, to use tobacco or marijuana, to drink alcohol heavily, and to have more sexual partners.
    49. 49. Young women Young women have some special risks.They try to commit suicide more often and they try to lose weight in harmful ways more often than young men Unplanned Pregnancy is a significant problem
    50. 50. State of the YP today "Young people are tormented by loneliness, saturated by sex, fascinated with the dark side of the supernatural and susceptible to suicide” what define this generation. First: Loneliness runs deep. They are home alone, raised by their music, by television, by video games. They will do anything to get a loving feeling, even if only for a night. Its about intimacy, feeing close to someone for a few minutes.”
    51. 51. SELF HARM Stress Sadness Isolation Depression Low self esteem Misunderstood Cry for help Suicidal 28
    52. 52. SELF HARMING 29
    53. 53. SAD ACTS of YP  THAT CHILDREN OF GOD SHOULD NOT ENGAGE IN! Ecclesiastes 12: 1 Remember thy creator in the days of thine youth….
    54. 54. Caffiene • This is the most widely used drug . • Most abused and one with a lot of drug depndence • Caffeine is a stimulant that increases Heart rate, Blood pressure, increases your stress hormones, impairs sleep and highly addictive. • Come of it slowly-reduce by one drink a day over 3 weeks
    55. 55. SAD ACTS of YP  • THAT CHILDREN OF GOD SHOULD NOT ENGAGE IN! • Ecclesiastes 12: 1 Remember thy creator in the days of thine youth….
    56. 56. TECHNOLOGY • AVAILABLE • AFFORDABLE • ANONYMITY
    57. 57. WHAT İS ADDİCTİON ? Physical…. Psychological
    58. 58. HARMS OF İNTERNET ADDİCTİON
    59. 59. VARİETY OF • Cybersex Addiction • Cyber-Relationship Addiction • Net Compulsions • Information Overload • Computer Addiction  İNTERNET ADDİCTİON
    60. 60. SİGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF İ.A •Losing track of time online •Having trouble completing tasks at work or home •Isolation from family and friends •Feeling guilty or defensive about your •Internet use •Feeling a sense of euphoria while involved in internet activities
    61. 61. WHAT ARE THE HARMS OF İNTERNET ADDİCTİON? •internet addiction harms financially  Addicted to online gambling, online porn , shoping Spending too much money on-line service fees
    62. 62. WHAT ARE THE HARMS OF İNTERNET ADDİCTİON? • nternet Addiction Harm Peoples’İ relationship 2.Loosing their friends 1.Divorcing
    63. 63. Is it surfing the web or drowning in theIs it surfing the web or drowning in the web?web? Internet Addiction
    64. 64. Prevalence rates • South Korea (Block, 2008) • Most serious public health issue (in South Korea) • 10 reported deaths (due to cardio-pulmonary reasons) • Several Internet game-related murders • 1.2 million school age children (6-19 yrs) • China (Block, 2008) • Estimated 10 million children addicted • In 2007, China restricted computer game use • Current laws prohibit more than 3 hours of daily game use
    65. 65. Risks & problems associated with Internet addiction • Frustration intolerance/Emotional dysregulation (Ko,Yen,Yen, Chen & Wang, 2007) • Male adolescents with Internet addiction had higher intolerance to frustration of entitlement and emotional discomfort. • Female adolescents with it had higher intolerance to emotional discomfort and lower tolerance to frustration of achievement.
    66. 66. • Diagnoses, problems & comorbidity • Depression & Social Introversion (Widyanto & Griffiths, 2006) • Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (Yoo et al., 2004) • Social Phobia & depression (Yen, Ko,Yen,Wu, &Yang, 2007) • Sex addiction, i.e., cybersexual addiction/cyber affairs (Young et. Al., 2000) • Gambling (Potera, 1998) • Compulsive buying (Raab & Neuner, 2006) • Illegal activity (Hall & Parsons, 2001)
    67. 67. Television • 5 hours a day • 35 hours a week • 140 hours a mth • 1820 hours a year • 150 days a year – 5 months!!
    68. 68. INTERNET/MOBILE • Facebook • BB • SMS • MSN
    69. 69. SAD ACTS of YP  • THAT CHILDREN OF GOD SHOULD NOT ENGAGE IN! • Ecclesiastes 12: 1 Remember thy creator in the days of thine youth….
    70. 70. STi • Unplanned pregnancy and sexually transmitted diseases (including HIV and AIDS) can cause you social and personal problems, in addition to harming your health.
    71. 71. 7 DEADLY HABITS 1 SMOKING • ALCOHOL • DRUG ABUSE • ACCIDENTS/SUICIDE/HOMICIDE • CAFFEINE • TECHNOLOGY • SEXUAL IMMORALITY
    72. 72. My son or daughter, 1 My son, do not forget my teaching, but keep my commands in your heart, 2 for they will prolong your life many years and bring you peace and prosperity. Prov 3:1-2

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