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  • 1. Muscle tension Cerebral disorders
  • 2.
    • Definition A headache involves pain in the head which can arise from many disorders or may be a disorder in and of itself
  • 3. What do you do to relieve a headache ?
    • Take over-the counter pain relievers.
    • Take prescription medication for headaches.
    • Take a nap.
    • Go out for a brisk walk
  • 4. Muscle tension Cerebral disorders psychological factors
  • 5. Muscle tension Cerebral disorders Migraine Cluster headaches Temporal arteritis
  • 6. foods that contain tyramine include:
    • Chocolate
    • Aged cheese
    • Vinegar (relish, salad dressings, sauces, catsup)
    • Organ meats (kidney, liver)
    • Alcohol (especially red wine)
    • Sour cream
    • Soy Sauce
    • Yogurt
    • Yeast extracts
  • 7. Muscle tension Cerebral disorders Infection Glaucoma Refractory problems
  • 8. Muscle tension Cerebral disorders Nasal obstruction Inflamation
  • 9. Muscle tension Cerebral disorders Dental problems
  • 10. Muscle tension Cerebral disorders Meningitis Haemorhage Incresed Pressure eg Tumour
  • 11. DANGER
    • "Worst headache of my life." This may indicate subarachnoid hemorrhage from a ruptured aneurysm (swollen blood vessel) in the head or other neurological emergency.
    • Headache accompanied by one-sided weakness, numbness, visual loss, speech difficulty, or other signs. This may indicate a stroke . Migraines may include neurological symptoms.
  • 12. DANGER
    • Headache that becomes worse over a period of 6 months, especially if most prominent in the morning or if accompanied by neurological symptoms. This may indicate a brain tumor .
    • Sudden onset of headache. If accompanied by fever and stiff neck, this can indicate meningitis .
  • 13. Muscle tension Cerebral disorders Ear infection
  • 14. Muscle tension Cerebral disorders Hypertension Alcohol abuse Drugs Low Blood sugar Sleep deprived Systemic infections eg Malaria
  • 15.  
  • 16. How can I prevent a headache?
    • • Exercise regularly
    • • Try to reduce stress
    • • Identify precipitating factors including foods, alcohol, and oversleeping. Trigger foods typically
    • • Avoid overuse of pain relievers. Rebound headaches can occur when pain relievers are taken too often, reducing your body’s natural ability to fight pain. When using over-the-counter (OTC) drugs, follow package directions.
  • 17.
    • Using medication should be only one part of a wellness program. Life-style changes—such as avoidance of any known headache triggers, personal and counselling, stress management, and relaxation therapy—should accompany any drug plan your doctor prescribes.
  • 18.
    • Caffeine
    • Dehydration
    • Smoking
  • 19.
    • Some signs that the headache is a sign of a serious disorder include change in headache pattern, headache is associated with a neurological or medical problem, vision changes, the pain becomes progressively more severe or is the ‘worst’ headache ever experienced, or individual is using prescription or over-the-counter pain relievers every day.
  • 20. How do I treat a headache?
    • In most cases, you will probably find relief in OTC pain relievers (aspirin, acetaminophen, and ibuprofen).
    • • For chronic headaches, you should consult your physician. • For sinus headaches, decongestants and antibiotics can provide relief.
  • 21. Muscle tension Cerebral disorders
  • 22. Muscle tension Cerebral disorders