•Problems in writing :
• organizing the idea
• lexical resource
4. • Less involment of the students
From those problems, game is an intersting
way for teaching learning process. Game
is believed to help and encourage many
students to maintain their interest. Games
also have the teacher to create context in
which the language is useful and
menaningful. Therefore, game is used in
teaching and learning process to stimulate
studen’s idea in writing.
Definition of Writing
According to Lion (1987) writing is a form of problem
solving writers face two principle task which are :
a)producing some ideas in the form of language, and b)
arranging these ideas into written form, and it has to be
adapted based on the readers need and the purpose of
writer itself. In addition,
Pardiyono(2007) said that writing is not only generating
information, messages, or ideas in the sentences
grammatically, but also the information is necessary
cleared away in a form of text.
Hadfield(1987), game ia an activity with rules, a goal, and
element of fun.
Chain Story Game
According to Budden (2006), chain story game is a game
or activity which is done in the whole class and ususally
it needs many students to follow this game.
In addition, ccording to Weka (2009), chain story is a fun
and motivating way for students to demonstrate they
have acquired the ability to retell a story, to sequence
in action in a story, or to summarize the plot of the story.
chains story game, it can be summarized hat chain story
game is a game which is done in whole class and it can
give motivation for the students to write the idea in the
blank paper based on the story or students’
The Benefit of Chain Story Game
Chain story game has some advantages such as :
Develop students’ skill to think creatively
Develop students’ skill to work cooperatively.
Develop English vocabulary and use grammar
Develop understanding and apperception of the
range of writing.
Motivate students to participate in learning
The teacher can use and apply Chain Story Game in writing class in
order to improve students’ skill. The scope of writing itself is broad, the
teacher can use the chain story game in certain material in high
school level such as holiday and unforgetable experience make
recount text, describing someone, thing,animal make decriptive
text.The teacher can start this game by giving explanation first.
The procedures of the game are :
1. The teacher tell the students that they are going to write a story together.
2. The teacher devides the students into five or six groups and asks the them
to sit in circle.
3. Teacher gives a piece of blank paper for each student and ask them to
write their name on the right side of the blank paper.
4. The teacher mentions to the students about the topic that is going to be
discussed and asks them some W/H questions
5. The techer asks the students to answer the questions on the blank paper.
6)After the students already answer the first question, the teacher ask the
students to fold their paper.
7)The teacher asks the students to pass their paper to the students on the
8)Then, the teacher gives the second questions.
9)The teacher asks the students to answer the question.
10)After the students asnwer the questions, the teacher ask the students to
fold the papers so their answer can not be seen for other student.
11)The teacher asks the students that they shloud not read about their friends
12)After all of questions are given and already answered by the students, the
teacher asks the students to open the worksheet and give it back to the
person whose name in written on the top of paper.
13)The teacher asks some of the students to write on the board and revise the
Writing is one of difficult skills for students. A lot of
students face many problem in writing such as
lexical recourse, lack of idea, difficulty in
organizing the idea, difficulty in constracting
sentences grammatically, also the students not
too much involve in learning and the teacher
does not provide any media to support it. To
overcome this problem, Chain story game is
interesting ways can be used in teaching process.
Chain Story Game has a lot of benefits in helping
students to develope students’ writing skill.
Budden,J.2006.Chain Story Games.
Retrived from http://www.teachingenglish.co.uk/chainstory-games.html
Hadfield,J.1987.Advance Communication Games.Longman.
Lyions, LH. 1987. Study writing a course in written English for academic and
profesional purpose. London: cambridge university press.
Pardiyono. 2007. Pasti Bisa! Teaching genre-based writing. Yogyakarta:
Tarigan,HG.1992.Menulis Sebagai Suatu Ketrampilan
Weka,B.2011.Chain Story Game.
Retrieved from http://www.english-windows/chain-story-game-for-