Social Development Theory <ul><li>Lindsey Elliott + Basak Haznedaroglu </li></ul>
Who invented it? Lev Vygotsky a Soviet psychologist and the founder of cultural-historical physchology
When did it first gain attention? Most of his books and articles were suppressed under political grounds. After Stalin’s death in 1953, writings became public and Vygotsky became a major influence in psychology and education.
Repackagings? <ul><li>Firstly main focus was on language and its role in cognitive development then expanded to the general education. </li></ul><ul><li>Scaffolding, reciprocal teaching, and guided instruction are effective strategies that implement Vygotsky’s theory. </li></ul><ul><li>Reciprocal teaching is an instructional strategy used to teach reading where students take turns being the teacher for a pair or small group. The teacher’s role may simply be to clarify or ask questions. </li></ul><ul><li>Guided instruction involves the teacher and students exploring math problems and then sharing their different problem solving strategies in an open dialogue </li></ul>
How was/ is it applied? - Vygotsky was very much involved in developing the education program for the Soviet Union - Has 2 parts: MKO and ZPD MKO- More Knowledgeable Other: teacher, coach, adult, peer, computer ZPD- Zone of Proximal Development: distance between a student’s ability to perform a task with others vs. independently EXAMPLE: instead of desks in a row, they are in groups!
Is it aligned with particular subjects? - No, however this theory focused on the connection between people and the sociocultural context (where they interact while sharing an experience) - The tools children develop (writing and speech) as social functions lead to higher thinking skills
Strengths? <ul><li>Interaction between peers = use of social skills </li></ul><ul><li>Enhancement in human ability to dynamically engage in social interactions and share experiences </li></ul><ul><li>Development of a deeper understanding of the importance of past experiences and prior knowledge in making sense of present situations </li></ul>
Shortcomings? - Children could look to others for answers instead of figuring things out for themselves