History quiz finals 2011
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×
 

History quiz finals 2011

on

  • 2,152 views

 

Statistics

Views

Total Views
2,152
Views on SlideShare
2,152
Embed Views
0

Actions

Likes
3
Downloads
226
Comments
1

0 Embeds 0

No embeds

Accessibility

Categories

Upload Details

Uploaded via as Microsoft PowerPoint

Usage Rights

© All Rights Reserved

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Processing…
  • I Got The Full File, I Just Wanna Share to You Guyszz.. It's Working You Can The Download The Full File + Instructions Here : http://gg.gg/setupexe
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Processing…
Post Comment
Edit your comment

History quiz finals 2011 History quiz finals 2011 Presentation Transcript

  • “Seek Under Porus”KQA History Quiz 3.0
  • FinalsRound I -Written Round (6 questions)Round II - Infinite Bounce (20 questions)Round III- Written Round (6 questions)Round IV - Infinite Bounce (20 questions)Round V -Theme (8 questions)
  • ROUND IThe Write Wing
  •  Written round 5 caricatures, you have to identify the person Bonus of 5 for identifying the artist 30 points in all!
  • 1
  • 2
  • 3
  • 4
  • 5
  • 6 ID the artist
  • Answers
  • 1. Salvador Allende2. Lyndon B Johnson3. Vaclav Havel4. Narasimha Rao5. Sukharno6. The artist is David Levine
  •  Scores!
  • Round II Clockwise 20 questions
  • 1 He began his career as a dragoon . Despite of not being an English man, he eventually became a Major-General in the Bengal Army. He was also a shrewd business man and amassed lots of wealth through various ventures. He was an amateur scientist and a doctor of sorts. He performed first recorded lithotripsy on himself and was an avid hot air balloonist. He was also very successful architect, the Raj Bhavan in Lucknow was built according to his design. However his name lives through something else established by his philanthropic contribution. Who?
  • And the answer is…
  •  This was Claude Martin. The La Martinere schools were established in his memory
  • 2. An incident and its cause are shown here. Explain
  • And the answer is…
  • Answer The picture on the right is a representation of a tally stick. Tally stick was an ancient memory aid device to record and document numbers, quantities, or even messages The incident is the October 16th 1834 fire of Palace of Westminster .The burning of the tally sticks went out of control and brought the whole structure down. The picture on the left is a painting of the incident by J.M.W. Turner, who was present there.
  • 3 It was the only European country to appoint a diplomatic consul to the Confederate States of America during the American Civil War. Their royal family had connections to the English Royal family, Emperor Maxmillian of Mexico, Queen Isabella of Brazil, Pedro of Portugal, the last Tsar and Tsarina of Russia, the Kings of Spain, Bulgaria and Prussia. This country doesnt exist now, in 1918 after the German Revolution it got divided and one part merged with Bavaria and other joined the Weimar Republic. After the Second World War the name also disappeared from the public view. ID
  • And the answer is…
  •  Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
  • 4 He was one of the sons of Noah and is considered by manyas his eldest son. Elam, Asshur, Aram, Arpachshad and Ludwere his five sons. It is believed that these five sons were theprogenitors of the nations of Elam, Assyria, Syria, Chaldea,and Lydia, respectively. Abraham, the patriarch of theHebrews and Arabs, was one of the descendants of his sonArpachshad. His name has given rise to a term which inlinguistics and ethnology is used to denote a family oflanguages. This family includes the ancient and modern formsof Akkadian, Amharic, Arabic, Aramaic, Geez, Hebrew,Maltese, Phoenician, Tigre and Tigrinya among others. Wehowever know it in a different context, name him or the term.
  • And the answer is…
  •  He was Shem and the word Semitic is derived from him
  • 5. From the year 1973, this ten year old boy is alwaysshown with his back turned to the viewer. He alwayswalks with his hands clasped behind his back. His agerepresented the artists age when the artist was forced toleave his homeland and would not grow up until theartist could return. He wears ragged clothes and walksbarefoot, symbolizing his allegiance to the poor. In thelater cartoons, he sometimes appears committingassault or vandalism. Identify this icon of defiance andhis creator.
  • And the answer is…
  •  Naji al Ali and Handala.
  • 6 He was a German Pacifist and a very vocal critic of the Nazi party. He was convicted of high treason and espionage in 1931 after publishing details of Germanys alleged violation of the Treaty of Versailles by rebuilding an air force, the predecessor of the Luftwaffe, and training pilots in the Soviet Union. On 28 February 1933, after the Reichstag fire, he was arrested and held in so-called protective custody in Spandau prison. While at the prison he was suffering from TB, the authorities denied treatment and he finally died in custody on May 1938. In 1935 his plight got international attention and he shares a unique distinction with 2 others. What? <pic>
  • And the answer is…
  •  Carl Von Ossietzky He won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1935, he along with Aung Sang Syuki and Liu Xiabo are the only three people to receive the peace prize in absentia
  • 7 Marcus Licinius Crassus was a Roman general andpolitician who commanded the left wing of Sullas armyat the Battle of the Colline Gate. He also providedpolitical and financial support to Julius Caesar andentered into the political alliance known as the FirstTriumvirate with Pompey and Caesar. He is consideredthe wealthiest man in Roman history, and perhaps one ofthe richest men in all history. He is also credited forleading the Roman forces to victory almost singlehandedly in a civil war. This war was fought between73-71 BC and it was getting out of control and hadstarted threatening the heartland of Italy before Crassuscrushed it. Who was his main adversary in this war?
  • And the answer is…
  •  This war was known as the Third Servile War, the rebels were mainly slaves who were fighting under the leadership of a Thracian slave named Spartacus.
  • 8 When the Foreign Minister Fakir Azizuddin wasasked, which one of his Kings eyes was missing,he replied: "The King is like the sun and sun hasonly one eye. The splendor and luminosity of hissingle eye is so much that I have never dared tolook at his other eye." Who was this one eyedKing who lost one of his eyes in an attack ofsmall pox in his childhood?
  • And the answer is…
  • Maharaja Ranjit Singh
  • 9The Keralaanthakan gopuram was a gate which was builtto commemorate the victory over the Kerala kingBhaskara Ravi Varma and the name means the Destroyerof Kerala. It is believed that any VIP who passes throughthis gate would lose power or fall ill or lose even his lifewithin a few days. This gained credibility when formerPrime Minister Indira Gandhi was assassinated andformer Tamil Nadu Chief Minister M.G. Ramachandranhad a serious stroke, both in 1984, after using the saidentrance, the current Tamil Nadu Chief MinisterKarunanidhi is known to avoid this entrance. Where canyou see this gate? <pic>
  • And the answer is…
  •  Brihadeeshwara Temple
  • 10 It was an identification system based on physicalmeasurements. It was the first scientific system used by policeto identify criminals. Before that time, criminals could only beidentified based on unreliable eyewitness accounts. Themethod was eventually supplanted by fingerprinting. Theinventor of this system is also credited with standardizing themug shot and the systematization of crime-scenephotography, these practices are still followed today. He wasalso referenced in the Hound of Baskervilles in which one ofHolmes clients refers to Holmes as the "second highestexpert in Europe“, after him. Who? <pic>
  • And the answer is…
  •  Alphonse Bertillon
  • 11 It was founded in Austria in 1923.Following theAnschluss (Austrias annexation by Germany) in 1938, theorganization fell under the control of Nazi Germany, andthe Commissions headquarters were eventually moved toBerlin in 1942.From 1938 to 1945, all the presidents werefrom SS. The most notable Nazi among them wasReinhard Heydrich who the headed Reich Main SecurityOffice, the umbrella organization of Gestapo, SD andKripo. After the war, the allies revived it with officialsfrom Belgium, France, Scandinavia and the UnitedKingdom. Now it is headquartered at Lyon in France,what?
  • And the answer is…
  • The Interpol
  • 12 During the World War Two, the British intelligence had come to know of what eventually became the only civilian transfer across two submarines of two different navies in World War II. Even though the "civilian" who was being transferred was of utmost importance to the British, they refrained from taking any action. It was because the intelligence for this mission and another highly secret mission was obtained from the same source, the Allied crypto-analysis project. The Allies feared that two back to back operations would have revealed the source to the Axis. The other piece of intelligence resulted in an American covert operation called Operation Vengeance, the longest fighter-intercept mission of the war. It was ordered by President Roosevelt himself. The target was a plane flying from Rabaul to Ballalae Airfield, on an island near Bougainville in the Solomon Islands Who/What was the target? Who was the “civilian” who was let off?
  • And the answer is…
  •  The American target was Admiral Yamamoto, the architect of Pearl Harbour attack, his assassination was a major morale booster for the Americans. The civilian was Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose
  • 13 She was the first woman to graduate with a history degree from Oxford. She learnt Arabic in Jerusalem in 1897,and taught herself archaeology. She worked with TE Lawrence and other archaeologist-spies at an intelligence operation in Cairo, known as the Arab Bureau. And very quickly she became the most influential British diplomat and was trusted by the Arabs. They gave her the nickname Khatun, which means fine lady or gentlewoman. She is most remembered today in the Arab world and else where for the founding a nation under the Kingship of Hashemite Prince Faisal, who had been ousted by the French in Syria. Who is she? And what country did she found? <pic>
  • And the answer is…
  •  Gertrude Bell, she was almost single-handedly responsible for the founding of modern Iraq.
  • 14 Bab-i Ali was the name of the open court of the sultan. It got its name from the gate to the headquarters of the Grand Vizier in Topkapı Palace in Istanbul, where the sultan held the greeting ceremony for foreign ambassadors. It was an ancient Ottoman practice to make the gates of cities and kings palaces places of assembly. Later the name came to refer to the Foreign Ministry. In contemporary times, it is used for the office of the governor of Istanbul Province. This name has also been interpreted as referring to the Empires position as gateway between Europe and Asia. How is Bab-i Ali known in western world? <pic>
  • And the answer is…
  •  Porte or Sublime Porte. It is a synecdoche for the Ottoman Empire
  • 15. The structure doesn’t have a single designer and it is said that people throughout China designed and built it. Material from all over China was used for the construction: granite from Sichuan Province, porcelain plates from Guangdong Province, pine trees from Yanan, Shaanxi Province, saw-wort seeds from the Tian Shan Mountains in the Xinjiang Autonomous Region, earth from the quake-stricken Tangshan, color pebbles from Nanjing, milky quartz from the Kunlun Mountains, pine logs from Jiangxi Province, and rock samples from Mount Everest. Water and sand from the Taiwan Straits were also used to symbolically emphasize the Peoples Republic of Chinas claims over Taiwan. 700,000 people from different provinces, autonomous regions, and nationalities did symbolic voluntary labour. What?
  • And the answer is…
  •  Mao’s Mausoleum
  • Audience Q. What is Godwin’s Law?
  • And the answer is…
  •  It says “as a Usenet discussion grows longer, the probability of a comparison involving Nazis or Hitler approaches one” Or in other words - as a Usenet thread goes on, the chances of somebody or something being compared to a Nazi approach one.
  • 16 Which institution, who has a Nobel Peace Prize winner among its alumni was established in 1956 by an industrialist in the fond memory of his wife, Phoolan Devi?
  • And the answer is…
  •  Lady Shri Ram College for Women New Delhi.
  • 17He started his espionage career as a foreign intelligence officer in 1948.During the 1950s he served on various undercover assignmentsoverseas like accompanying the Soviet team to the Olympic games inAustralia. But later that year, after he had apparently mishandled anoperational assignment, he was moved from operational duties and wastold he would never work in the field again. His disillusionment withthe Soviet system is supposed to have started with Nikita Khrushchevsfamous speech to the Communist Party of the Soviet Union congressdenouncing Joseph Stalin. Also his new job gave him opportunity todiscover KGBs systematic repression of the Russian people, whichcemented his anti-Soviet views. This prompted him to start hisclandestine work which later FBI described as "the most complete andextensive intelligence ever received from any source". Who? <pic>
  • And the answer is…
  •  Vasily Mitrokhin
  • 18 It is a soft conical cap with the top pulled forward in the western provinces of the Roman Empire it came to signify freedom and the pursuit of liberty, perhaps through a confusion with the pileus, the cap used by a freed slave in ancient Rome. It is sometimes called a liberty cap and in artistic representations it signifies freedom and the pursuit of liberty. The national emblem of France, Marianne always shown is shown wearing it. It is also seen on the Seal of the United States Senate and the coat of arms of Cuba. It is associated in antiquity with the inhabitants of a region of central Anatolia and it named after this region, What? <pic>
  • And the answer is…
  • Phrygian Cap
  • 19 Partido Obrero de Unificación Marxista was formed as acommunist opposition to Stalinism by the revolutionariesAndreu Nin and Joaquín Maurín. The two were heavilyinfluenced by the thinking of Trotsky, particularly hisPermanent Revolution thesis. The POUM was highlycritical of the strategy advocated by Joseph Stalin and as aresult Nin was detained and tortured to death by NKVDagents in Madrid, and his party consistently labeled asprovocateur in Stalinist propaganda. This violentcrackdown formed the anti-totalarian views of a memberwho later became a caustic critic of Communism who?
  • And the answer is…
  •  George Orwell
  • 20This character is one of the nine pirate lords in the 2007 movie“Pirates of the Caribbean: At Worlds End”. He is based on a real lifepersonality who terrorized European ships during the late 17th andearly 18th centuries. While considered a pirate by the British, he isregarded as a courageous patriot in his homeland. Name the real lifeperson.
  • And the answer is…
  •  Kanoji Angre, the Maratha admiral. The character was named “Sri Sumbhajee Angria”
  •  Scores!
  • Round III “Horses for Courses” 6 questions, all related to horses10 points each. A bonus 10 for getting all questions right
  • 1. The cartoon featuring Gordon Brown before the 2010 UK general elections, references a famous legend associated with a European warrior. As per the story, the man’s corpse was strapped onto his horse Babieca and sent into battle by his wife, in order to avoid a collapse in troop morale. Name the hero.
  • 2. Identify the lady who is the subject of the unfortunate cartoons here. What’s the story?
  • 3. Two views of a famous memorial. Whose ?
  • 4. A famous duel at the climax of the Battle of the Bosworth Field, which ended the “War of the Roses”. In dramatized versions of the scene, which famous statement is uttered by the defeated man before this duel ?
  •  “A horse, a horse, my kingdom for a horse” by Richard III in Shakespeare’s play. Henry VII became the first Tudor monarch of England after the battle.
  • 5. Only two horses in United States history have been buried with Full Military Honors. The first was “Comanche”, the most famous survivor of the “Battle of Little Big Horn”. The second was “Black Jack”, who never fought a battle. What special purpose was “Black Jack” used for ?
  • 6. Budweiser’s association with Clydesdale horses in its advertisements started off on April 7, 1933 when August Busch Jr gifted a wagon of beer drawn by Clydesdale horses to his father August Anheuser Busch. The Clydesdales also made a famous visit to the White House. What was the cause for celebration ?
  •  Exchange Papers!
  • Answers
  • 1. The cartoon featuring Gordon Brown before the 2010 UK general elections, references a famous legend associated with a European warrior. As per the story, the man’s corpse was strapped onto his horse Babieca and sent into battle by his wife, in order to avoid a collapse in troop morale. Name the hero.
  •  Rodrigo Díaz de Vivar, better known as “El Cid Campeador”.
  • 2. Identify the lady who is the subject of the unfortunate cartoons here. What’s the story?
  •  One of the unfortunate rumors associated with Catherine the Great was that she died while attempting sex with a horse. Story has that the rope used by her attendants to raise the horse above her broke, and the animal fell on her, crushing her to death. Story is untrue. She died of a stroke.
  • 3. Two views of a famous memorial. Whose ?
  •  Crazy Horse Memorial. Carved out of the Black Hills of South Dakota, the work was sculpted by Korczak Ziolkowski and pays homage to Crazy Horse, the Lakota warrior and leader.
  • 4. A famous duel at the climax of the Battle of the Bosworth Field, which ended the “War of the Roses”. In dramatized versions of the scene, which famous statement is uttered by the defeated man before this duel ?
  •  “A horse, a horse, my kingdom for a horse” by Richard III in Shakespeare’s play. Henry VII became the first Tudor monarch of England after the battle.
  • 5. Only two horses in United States history have been buried with Full Military Honors. The first was “Comanche”, the most famous survivor of the “Battle of Little Big Horn”. The second was “Black Jack”, who never fought a battle. What special purpose was “Black Jack” used for ?
  •  He was the rider less horse in more than 1,000 Armed Forces Full Honors Funerals (AFFHF), the most famous occasions being the state funerals of John F Kennedy, Herbert Hoover, Lyndon Johnson and Douglas McArthur. With boots reversed in the stirrups, he was a symbol of a fallen leader.
  • 6. Budweiser’s association with Clydesdale horses in its advertisements started off on April 7, 1933 when August Busch Jr gifted a wagon of beer drawn by Clydesdale horses to his father August Anheuser Busch. The Clydesdales also made a famous visit to the White House. What was the cause for celebration ?
  •  The repeal of Prohibition in the United States. The horse driven carriage famously delivered a case of beer to President Franklin D Roosevelt.
  •  Scores!
  • Round IVCounter Clockwise -20 questions
  • 1. 1. In June 1917, General John J Pershing landed in Europe as part of the first American involvement in WWI. In a show of American presence, part of the 16th Infantry Regiment marched through a European city shortly after his arrival. Pausing at a particular location to pay his respect, he was reputed to have uttered the famous line "____________." The line was in fact spoken by his aide, Colonel Charles E. Stanton. Which, now famous, statement ?
  •  Answer…
  •  “Lafayette, we have come”.
  •  The object in picture, sold at an auction for a good sum of 2. money, was made from the remains of a wooden barrel of historic significance. The barrel has been the subject of much discussion and many jokes on account of the special purpose it was used for. The phrase “tapping the admiral”, used to denote the practice of sneaking a furtive, illicit alcoholic drink, is said to have originated from the use of this barrel. Explain.
  •  Answer…
  •  A barrel filled with Whisky was used to transport the body of Admiral Horatio Nelson, after his death at Trafalgar. There was shortage of lead on the ship to make a coffin and the barrel had to be used. Whisky was meant to prevent decomposition. Story goes that, when the body reached England, the level of Whisky had gone down. This lead to speculation that some sailors had tapped into the barrel with straws, for a quick drink. Hence, “tapping the admiral”.
  • 3.  National newspapers ran advertisements to help out this gentleman when he announced that he had lost something while “changing trains at Reading station”.  What much anticipated item was thus delayed ?
  •  Answer…
  •  The original manuscript of “Seven Pillars of Wisdom”. Lawrence lost it at the station and it was never discovered. He re-wrote the book based on things that he remembered (having destroyed his notes already).
  • 4. This much anticipated annual event had its origins in 1958 at the modest Greens Hotel – later absorbed by the more grandiose Taj Hotel – and was an instant hit. By 1960 the hotels banqueting hall was too small for the large audiences and the venue was shifted in turn to a nearby exhibition centre, then the sprawling lawns of the Cricket Club of India, before moving finally in 1982 to the Brabourne Stadium, where the attendance topped 100,000 people. The last of its kind was in 1994. What event ?
  •  Answer…
  •  Nani Palkhiwala’s annual post-Budget analysis.
  • 5. In 2006, Sheikh Hassan Dahir Aweys, the Chief of the Islamic Courts Union in Somalia, issued a secret order to assassinate Somali government officials. This was widely reported in the western media but was ferociously denied by the organisation. What was significant about this incident ?
  •  Answer…
  •  The first document published by Wikileaks in 2006 was this secret letter signed by Sheikh Hassan.
  • 6. The monument pays homage to an activity which had constituted the chief business of a country till the 19th century. The industry had been in existence since ancient times and the region was famous for the quality of its product. The industry disappeared abruptly in the 1930s, ironically as a side- effect of the advent of the next big industry in the country. Name the country and the two industries.
  •  Answer…
  •  Bahrain. Pearl Industry and Oil. The discovery of oil in the 1930s caused serious pollution which destroyed Bahrain’s natural pearl beds. This, along with the advance in artificial pearl production, lead to the collapse of the natural pearl industry. The Pearl monument in Bahrain is currently at the center of protests.
  • 7 For about a year prior to 1948, the printers who operated the Linotype machines in many Chicago establishments had been on strike, in protest of the Taft-Hartley Act. A new method had been developed, where a copy was composed on typewriters and photographed and then engraved onto the printing plates. This process was lengthy and had to start earlier than normal. The veteran Washington correspondent and political analyst Arthur Sears Henning had a reputation for getting things right. Conventional wisdom had also supported his view and everyone assumed that it was “inevitable”. A combination of the above two reasons is suggested as an explanation for ?
  •  Answer…
  •  The first edition of the Chicago Tribune therefore went to press with the banner headline "DEWEY DEFEATS TRUMAN".
  • 8.  The title of this play is a reference to a 1973 debate that caused considerable friction in international circles. According to Time magazine, the debate went on for more than 10 weeks and “nearly two dozen designs” had to be studied before an agreement was reached. A table of 151 feet diameter had to be constructed by French carpenters, once the debate was resolved.  Explain.
  •  Answer…
  •  Shape of the negotiating table for the Paris accords which ended the Vietnam war. North Vietnam wanted a “square table” representing four equal sides – USA, North Vietnam, South Vietnamese government and South Vietnamese communists who supported the North. South Vietnam and USA wanted a “rectangular table” where there were only two equal sides. Finally, “a round table flanked by two smaller rectangular tables” was agreed upon, with the condition that the smaller tables had to be separated slightly from the big table.
  • 9. In 2010, a company named “Fathead”, specializing in full size posters and other sports memorabilia, was in an unusual hurry to offload all items connected with a particular sports personality. It announced that the prizes were being slashed from $99.99 to $17.41. The symbolism of the new price was not lost on the fans and some sets quickly sold out. What’s the symbolism ?
  •  Answer…
  •  The sports star was Lebron James, who made the decision to quit Cleveland Cavaliers in an act seen by the franchise as a “betrayal”. 1741 is the year of birth of Benedict Arnold, the most famous turncoat in US history. Hence $17.41 .
  • 10. Until the beginning of the 20th century, the practice of “cremation” was illegal in England because of the perception that it was an “un-Christian” act. In 1874, the editor of the Punch magazine and several other notables formed the “Cremation Society of England” to campaign for legalization. The editor died soon afterwards, but his body couldn’t be cremated despite his wishes. His son was very disappointed with the government’s refusal to grant permission. His (the sons) most famous work is now regarded as a subtle effort to support the cause. The work came out around the same time that another petition for the right of cremation had been submitted to the Govt. Although this famous effort did not help the legalization struggle too much, it is an enduring image in a different field. What work ?
  •  Answer…
  • The editor of Punch was Shirley Brooks. His son was Reginald Brooks who wrote the following notice in the Sporting Times.In Affectionate RemembranceofENGLISH CRICKET,which died at the Ovalon29th AUGUST 1882,Deeply lamented by a large circle of sorrowingfriends and acquaintancesR.I.P.N.B.—The body will be cremated and theashes taken to Australia.
  • 11. In 1826 Stanislas Baudry, the owner of a flour mill in Nantes, had the idea of opening a public bath to make use of the hot water discharged by his steam engines. In order to make this attractive, he also had to start another service. This one started in front of the premises of a hatter by the name of Omnès whose sign read "Omnès ____" - a pun on a famous Latin phrase. The users of this service got into the habit of calling the service the “____". The word stuck. The people of Nantes immediately took to the ___. In 1828, realizing the implications of his success, Baudry closed the baths and the flour mill and went to Paris to set up the Compagnie Générale d‘____. Success was short-lived. Baudry quickly fell into financial ruin which led him to take his own life. The idea, however, gained ground. What word?
  •  Answer…
  •  Omnibus. “nus pro omnibus, omnes pro uno” is a Latin phrase that means "One for all, all for one" in English. It is most famous for being the motto of Alexandre Dumas Three Musketeers
  • 12. The painting depicts an event in the early 17th century which resulted in the complete subjugation of Calvinists/Protestants in the country. The victory of the King and his Catholic supporters resulted in the establishment of a strong central government in the country, soon paving the way for an absolute monarchy. Name the event and the religious group which was destroyed in this action.
  •  Answer…
  •  The Siege of La Rochele. La Rochele was a fortress of the Huguenots (French Calvinists) who’s power was destroyed by the siege led by King Louis XIII and Cardinal Richelieu. The event increased the power and popularity of the French monarchy.
  • 13. Col Leon Dostert is believed to have been the man responsible for the introduction of this system at the Nuremberg Trials in 1945. The proposal for the use of this system was met with much skepticism, with concerns about whether it violated the rights of the defendants to a fair trial. The experienced professionals in this field advocated the "consecutive" system which had been in use much earlier. But Dostert convinced all the delegations that "consecutive" would make the trials unfeasible and destroy public confidence. Finally everyone came around to this opinion and the proposal was accepted. A variant of the "Filene-Finlay" system was used. This "system" is often credited with making the Nuremberg trials possible. In fact, it became a huge success and was adapted across the world. What path breaking innovation?
  •  Answer…
  •  Simultaneous translation/interpretation. In the “consecutive system”, every statement made by the speaker would be followed by a translator repeating it in a different language. The international nature of the Nuremberg trials meant that every statement had to be translated in at least four languages, making it prohibitively long. The “Filene-Finlay” system (supplied by IBM) provided listeners with headphones which could be used to select “language channels”. All the interpreters simultaneously translated the statements and spoke them into microphones. The listeners did not have to sit through consecutive translations! Without this system, UN proceedings, international conferences etc would have been way more complicated.
  • 14. There are 8 statues around the Place de La Concorde, an octagonal shaped public square in Paris. For about 50 years, one of the statues was covered in black mourning crepe on state occasions. Wreaths were placed on the statue by citizens of France. The practice stopped only after the end of WWI. Give a very specific explanation. (images on next slide)
  • 14 (continued…)
  •  Answer…
  •  The eight statues represented eight major cities of France. Alsace-Lorraine had been annexed by the Germans after the Franco-Prussian war of 1870-1871. The statue representing Strasbourg, a prominent city of the province, was draped in black by the French to mourn the loss of Alsace. When the armistice ending WWI was signed, the province was returned and triumphant Parisians ripped apart the wreaths, replacing it with the tricolore.
  • 15. Anna Walentynowicz was fired from her job with just 5 months left for her retirement. What did she thus become a trigger for ?
  •  Answer…
  •  The dismissal of Anna, a popular crane operator, for illegal trade union activities led to a workers strike in the Gdansk shipyard. The strike under the leadership of Lech Walesa led to Anna being reinstated and unions being legalized – thus allowing Solidarity to be formed. Eventually this triggered off a wave of protests that led to the collapse of the Soviet Union.
  • 16. Identify the city where this taxi service operates.
  •  Answer…
  •  Salem, famous for the Salem Witch Trials.
  • 17. Some time in the early 1980s, this person was on a visit to a foreign country and went to meet a famous Pir of that country. The dignitary asked the Pir the following question “When will the assassin of my father…. die ?” The Pir closed his eyes for a few moments and then gave this enigmatic reply: “When ___ fly, he will die”. This curious prophesy is said to have come to fruition some time later. Fill up the blank or explain how this remarkable story ties in with the equally remarkable tale of the prophesy coming true.
  •  Answer…
  •  The person asking the question was Benazir Bhuto, while on a visit to Bangladesh in the early 1980s. The Pir’s response was “When mangoes fly, he will die”. Zia-ul-Haq’s death has been attributed to a case of exploding mangoes or poison-gas filled mangoes, smuggled aboard his plane. (“come to fruition” was supposed to be a clue )
  • 18.Identify this gentleman laying gold coins on the floor in front of Nawab Wazir Khan of Sirhind. What is he paying for ?
  •  Answer…
  •  Diwan Todar Mal, paying for land to cremate the sons of Guru Gobind Singh, the last Sikh Guru. The captured sons of the Guru had been bricked alive by Wazir Khan, the Mughal Governor, when they refused to convert to Islam. Todar Mal tried to pay ransom and rescue them, but was too late. He wished to cremate their bodies with respect. A decree had been issued banning their cremation on Mughal land. The Sultan told Todar Mal that he would agree to his request if he paid for the land by spreading as many gold mohurs (coins) as would cover the piece of land required for cremation
  • 19. Every five miles, you will find a “crownstone” decorated with the coat of arms of two families, one on either other. Every mile is also marked by a smaller milestone with a “M” on one side and a “P” on the other side. What purpose did these stones serve? Milestone Crownstone
  •  Answer…
  •  Cornerstones of the Mason-Dixon line. Mason and Dixon settled the boundaries of Maryland (controlled by the Calvert family) and Pennsylvania (controlled by the Penn family). The “M” and “P” represent the two states.
  • 20. On Easter Monday 1282, at the Church of the Holy Spirit just outside Palermo, at evening prayer, a Frenchman harassed a local woman. According to Steven Runciman, the woman’s husband attacked the French soldier with a knife, killing him. When the other Frenchmen tried to avenge their comrade the crowd fell upon them, killing them all. At that moment all the church bells in Palermo began to ring for evening prayers. To the sound of the bells, messengers ran through the city calling on the men of Palermo to rise against the French who had been ruling this kingdom. . Four thousand Frenchmen were massacred in the next few weeks. It became a full blown European war, when the King of Arragon joined the Italians in their rebellion. The popular name for the original incident (and the war that followed) is derived from the timing of its start. What name?
  •  Answer…
  •  The incident was known as the “Sicilian Vespers” and the wider war became known as the “War of the Sicilian Vespers”. Vespers are the evening prayers held inside a Church.
  •  Scores!
  • Round V Theme 8 questionsQuestions 1,2 +30/-15Questions 3,4 +20/-10Questions 5,6 +15/-7.5Questions 7,8 +10/-5
  • 1. +30/-15 This national monument is named after the fifth Prime Minister of Pakistan. In India, he is often remembered for the time he spent with the Mahatma in an abandoned house in Belliaghatta, trying to bring peace after the riots in the region. Name.
  •  Answer…
  •  Suhrawardy Udyan, named after Shahid Hussain Suhrawardy.
  • 2. +30/-15 This battle in A.D. 1187 was a famous victory for this ruler. He used a small force to launch a siege against the isolated fortress of Tiberias held by his opponents, while keeping his main army in reserve. When the bulk of the enemy army came out of the city to relieve the fortress under siege, the main army moved in and engaged it in open battle. The result of this battle is said to have caused the taxes in England to go up by roughly 10%. Name the ruler and the battle.
  •  Answer…
  •  Saladin and the battle of Hattin which destroyed the Crusader forces based in Jersusalem. The “Saladin Tithe” was a special tax imposed by the Church to finance the third Crusade.
  •  Attempts for the theme ? +30/-15.
  • 3. +20/-10 Which Indian structure, the first of its kind in the sub-continent, was originally inspired by the monument in the picture?
  •  Humayun’s tomb, the first garden-tomb in the sub-continent was inspired by Timur’s tomb (seen in the picture).
  • 4. +20/-10 “We do not exchange marshals for soldiers”. What exchange was rejected with these brave words?
  •  Answer…
  •  Stalin rejected the exchange of Field Marshal Paulus, the German commander of Stalingrad for his son Yakov Dzhugashvili, a POW in a German camp.
  •  Attempts for the theme ? +20/-10.
  • 5. +15/-7.5 Statue in Alesia, commissioned by Napoleon III. The inscription at the base translates to: “Gaul united, Forming a single nation Animated by a common spirit, Can defy the Universe”. Id the subject of the statue.
  •  Answer…
  •  Vercingetorix.
  • 6 +15/-7.5 Painting depicts the siege of a city in A.D. 1430. ___ rushed to the city while it was being besieged by the Burgundians. After a small skirmish, ___ ordered a retreat and assumed the place of honor as the last to leave the field. Unfortunately ___ was unseated by an archer and captured by the Burgundians. Name the victim as well as the city.
  •  Answer…
  •  Joan of Arc, captured during the siege of Compiegne.
  •  Attempts for the theme ? +15/-7.5.
  • 7. 10/-5  This US flag with 31 stars is a replica of the flag that had been flown from Commodore Matthew Perrys flagship in 1853–1854 when he led the US Navys Far East Squadron on his most famous mission.  Some 92 years later, the flag was specially flown in from the Naval Academy Museum for a special occasion, closely related to the first. Fittingly, the man who was at the center of the proceedings was a cousin of Cmdr Perry. Incidentally, on this illustrious occasion, this flag was actually displayed backward — reverse side showing (stars in the upper right corner). What occasion ?
  •  The Japanese surrender aboard USS Missouri. Cmdr Perry had flown into Tokyo bay in 1853-54, forcing Japan to open up its ports to foreign ships. Gen Douglas McArthur was a cousin of Commodore Matthew Perry
  • 8. +10/-5 A dinner was going on in Wilmer Mclean’s house when a cannon ball dropped through the kitchen fireplace. The region was soon engulfed in strife. A grocer by profession, he soon found the situation to be really bad and decided to move his family to safety. The family relocated to 120 miles south of their original house. Nearly four years later, some people turned up at his new house and asked him if they could use it for a special occasion. Mclean, thus became an unwitting celebrity in history. What is his unusual claim to fame? Where was his second house located ?
  •  Answer…
  •  The US Civil War began in Mclean’s front yard and ended in his front parlor. The first battle of the war (First Battle of Bull Run) had ruined the dinner at his original house. He relocated to a town called Appamatox Court House. The surrender of Robert Lee to Ulysses Grant happened in the front parlor of Mclean’s second house.
  •  Attempts for the theme ? +10/-5.
  •  Theme?
  • Surrenders in History Suhrawardy Udyan (originally Ramna Race Course) – Surrender of Gen Niazi and the Pakistan army to J S Aurora. Hattin – Surrender of the Crusaders of Jersusalem to Saladin. Humayun’s Tomb – Surrender of Bahadur Shah Zafar to the British forces. Stalingrad – Surrender of Field Marshal Paulus and the German 6th army to the Soviets. Alesia, Gaul - Surrender of Vercingetorix to Julius Caesar. Compiegne – Surrender of Germany in WWII (was also the venue of an armistice in WWI) USS Missouri – Surrender of Japan in WWII Appamatox Court House – Surrender of Robert Lee and the Confederate Army to Ulysses Grant.
  • That’s all folks!