View stunning SlideShares in full-screen with the new iOS app!Introducing SlideShare for AndroidExplore all your favorite topics in the SlideShare appGet the SlideShare app to Save for Later — even offline
View stunning SlideShares in full-screen with the new Android app!View stunning SlideShares in full-screen with the new iOS app!
EQUIPMENT Tourniquet Gloves Hazardous material container Alcohol swab Gauze or cotton 5-ml syringe with saline Cannula Vecafix™ (or similar approved IV dressing
METHOD Tell the patient who you are and what you are going to do. Attach the tourniquet to the upper arm. Examine and palpate the arm for a vein. Look at– the back of the hand – common site but can be fragile and mobile in elderly– the ante cubitalfossa will always have a vein but might be uncomfortable for the patient– the anatomical snuffbox at wrist
Swab the selected vein. Anchor the vein and insert the cannula at a 30° angle to the skin (Fig. 2). Advance until you feel give in the vein wall. Watch for flashback at the base of the cannula. Pull back the needle part of the cannula (the stylet) 1–2 mm and watch blood flow into the plastic tubing.
Slide the needle back while advancing the cannula into the vein. Remove the needle completely and place the cap on the end of the cannula. Dispose of the needle immediately. Tape down using Vecafix™. Flush with 5 ml normal saline.
Fig. 2 Cannulation of a vein. Ensure that the stylet and cannula have entered the vein (A) before withdrawing the stylet and advancing the cannula (B).
HINTS AND TIPS After putting on the tourniquet, ask the patient to drop the hand by the side and to clench and unclench the fist. Do something else in the meantime (e.g., draw-up your saline, open up the cannula). If you cannot feel a vein in one arm, do not attempt to go in blind – stop and review the other arm
If you still have no luck, ask the patient to put both hands in some warm water to help vasodilation If you become really desperate, try sticking GTN patches to the antecubital fossa veins Foot veins are sometimes used, but this can be painful for the patient and should only be used as a last resort