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Human Right & Gender sensitization by Pratima Nayak
 

Human Right & Gender sensitization by Pratima Nayak

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Gender Sensitization is urgent need of Society.Gender Sensitization is changing behaviour and instilling empathy into the views that we hold about our own and the other gender. ...

Gender Sensitization is urgent need of Society.Gender Sensitization is changing behaviour and instilling empathy into the views that we hold about our own and the other gender.
The presentation can help the teachers and Educators to promote Gender Sensitization in young minds.

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    Human Right & Gender sensitization by Pratima Nayak Human Right & Gender sensitization by Pratima Nayak Presentation Transcript

    • HUMAN RIGHT & GENDER SENSITIZATION
    • The aim of human right education and gender sensitization is to build a universal culture of human rights through imparting knowledge and skills and the moulding of attitudes. GENDER SENSITIZATION
    • WHAT IS GENDER SENSITIZATION?
    • GENDER SENSITIZATION Changing behaviour and instilling empathy into the views that we hold about our own and the other gender.
    • WHY GENDER EQUALITY IS NEEDED?
    • WHY GENDER EQUALITY IS NEEDED? UNICEF recognizes the human rights principles of equality and non-discrimination as central to the consideration of gender equality and believes that gender-based discrimination is one of the most ubiquitous forms of discrimination that children face. promotes equal outcomes for girls and boys, and its policies, programmes, partnerships and advocacy efforts seek to contribute to poverty reduction and the protection, survival and development of girls and boys on an equal basis.
    • NEED OF GENDER EQUITY United Nations statistics: Women perform 2/3 of the world's work Women earn 1/10 of the world's income Women are 2/3 of the world's illiterates Women own less than 1/100 of the world's property
    • THE FOLLOWING SLIDES WILL LET US KNOW ABOUT......  What is Gender ?  What is difference between sex and gender?  How does gender stereotype thinking make girls to accept themselves as inferior sex?  Boys think themselves stronger sex and gender role develop them not to respect opposite sex.  Girls are deprived from opting some career choice of there own as stereotype thinking make the parents to set some limitations.  Girls are not safe, exploited sexually and humiliated by musculanity.
    • SEX AND GENDER The concepts "sex" and "gender" may be defined as follows: "Sex" refers to the biological differences between women and men. They are generally permanent and universal. "Gender" refers to the socially constructed roles and responsibilities of women and men, in a given culture or location.
    • GENDER STEREOTYPES When a boy cries we say “Don’t cry. Big boys do not cry.” Boys can show their emotions. There is nothing wrong about it. When a girl laughs loudly we say” Don’t laugh loudly. It is not acceptable.” A girl can laugh freely. There is nothing wrong about it. These are examples of gender stereotype ideas.
    • Stereotypes are fixed ideas or assumptions about a group of people. Individuals belonging to that group are assumed to have the characteristics of that stereotype Gender stereotypes
    • GENDER STEREOTYPES Women are: - Men are: Dependent - Independent Weak - Powerful Incompetent - Competent Less important - More important Emotional - Logical Implementers - Decision-makers Housekeepers - Breadwinners Supporters - Leaders Fearful - Brave
    • Society creates the ideas about which qualities a man should possess and which qualities a woman should possess. These messages are present all around us – 1. in the songs we hear, 2. the movies we watch, 3. the games we play, 4. the books we read etc. GENDER STEREOTYPES
    • Gender stereotypes These ideas are so strong that often we also start internalizing and believing in them.
    • Gender typing The process by which children acquire the values, motives, and behaviours viewed as appropriate for males and females within a culture is called gender typing.
    • Gender stereotypes and are reinforced by gender socialization.
    • GENDER SOCIALISATION Gender socialisation is the process whereby people acquire the rules, beliefs and attitudes appropriate to their particular gender.
    • “What do you wish? A girl or boy?”
    • The umbilical cord of the boy was buried in a field to associate him with the battlefield; the girl’s cord was buried in a corner of the house, each space signifying the sites of social productivity.
    • Parents and family members encourage boys to play with balls and girls play with dolls
    • Parents’ activities: Men are the breadwinners/women stay at home to take care of the family
    • Parents wish the careers : Sons become doctors/Daughters become nurses
    • Parents dress their children differently. Girl is reading a book and boy is playing with a mobile.
    • Gender Equality
    • The media has a greater effect on children’s behaviour and the way they socialize. Video
    • GENDER ROLE Children develop gender-based beliefs, largely on the basis of gender stereotypes; the latter are reflected in gender roles. Children adopt a gender identity early in life and develop gender-role preferences as well.
    • GENDER ROLE These roles are influenced by perceptions and expectations arising from 1. cultural 2. political 3. Environmental 4. economic 5. social 6. religious factors.
    • ACTIVITIES SUGGESTED FOR TEACHERS Followings are some case studies through which teachers can develop Gender Sensitization in young minds so that we can change the future society when each sex will have empathy for the other sex.
    • Case Study 1 Two friends ‘D’ and ‘E’ were walking on an isolated road at night. Suddenly a thief accosts them, shows them a knife and in a gruff voice asks them to hand over all their money. D starts to run in the opposite direction while E grabs the thief’s hand and punches the thief hard, forcing the thief to drop the knife. The thief flees leaving the knife where it had fallen.
    • Think for a while? 1. Is it necessarily true that boys are brave and girls are scared, or that boys are strong and girls are weak. 2. In cases when a boy is more brave or strong, could there be a reason behind this? How do his friends and family expect him to be? What is shown in movies? Do these expectations and influences affect our behavior? 3. What if D is a boy and E is a girl? How does this make you feel? Is this possible?
    • Qualities like bravery, shyness, weak and strong are not ‘male’ or ‘female’. Qualities don’t have a gender. A woman can be strong, a man can be shy etc.
    • Case Study 2 Both ‘A’ and ‘B’ study in the same class. They are attracted towards each other. They have expressed their feelings to each other. Both try to spend a lot of time together. Since they are also neighbors, they manage to take out time for each other. Sometimes they also buy gifts for each other with their pocket money.
    • Is it always the case that attraction will only be to the opposite sex? Think for a while?
    • THERE MIGHT BE AN ASSUMPTION THAT ATTRACTION IS ONLY FOR THE OPPOSITE SEX, EVEN THOUGH THIS IS NOT ALWAYS THE CASE. PEOPLE MAY BE ATTRACTED TO THE SAME OR OPPOSITE SEX. IT IS IMPORTANT THAT WE DO NOT MAKE FUN OF OR BULLY EACH OTHER ABOUT THIS. Message
    • Case Study 3 ‘X’ studies in class VIII. In school, X does not get a chance to wear makeup. But X loves to dress up a lot. Sometimes at home, ‘X’ wears make up, dances to the tune of Bollywood music and feels at the top of the world.
    • 1. Whether it is possible for a boy to want to dress up, or do make up? 2. If there is a boy who likes to do this what are the kind of reactions he gets from his friends and family? 3. Is there anything wrong with a boy wanting to dress up or to put on makeup? Think for a while?
    • Most of us do not behave, feel, dress, walk, talk, act 100% in the way that society expects us do. These stereotypes are not determined by nature but are created by society. Message
    • Case Study 4 Y has been attracted towards Z for some time now. Y wishes Z would reciprocate these feelings. Y’s friends know about this attraction and think that Y should give some expression to the feelings. Today Y gave a flower to Z.
    • 1. Whether it is necessary that only boys/men will take the initiative to express their feelings of attraction? 2. If this is generally the case why do you think this is so? Can girls/women take the initiative to express feelings of attraction? Think it ........
    • There might be an assumption that it is only boys who will be the first to express feelings of attraction, that they will be active and the girls will be passive. This assumption is rooted in the reality that social norms do not encourage girls to take initiative in matters of love or romance. Hence, girls may find it difficult to express themselves frankly on these issues. Message
    • Sexuality Sexuality includes feelings, thoughts, beliefs, attitudes, how we feel about ourselves and our bodies. It is a central aspect of our lives and impacts our sense of confidence and well being. There is nothing dirty about it
    • Challenging GENDER STEREOTYPES These stereotypes are therefore harmful. They are not only harmful for girls but also for boys.
    • Denial of equality, rights and opportunity and suppression in any form on the basis of gender is gender discrimination.
    • From womb to death females are facing lots of discrimination against them. Some of them are:
    • Foeticide - Abortion of female foetus with the help of scanning. Not being given enough and nutritious food. Not being allowed to go to school (Denial of education). Not being given necessary health care when ill. Early marriage. Eve teasing, Rape and Sexual harassment. Dowry. Divorce, Destitution even for insignificant or no reason.
    • CAUSES OF GENDER DISCRIMINATION Educational backwardness Religious beliefs Culture Customs and beliefs Races Low income Unemployment Society Family situation Attitudes
    • Dangerous consequence of Gender Discrimination in Social life.
    • Dangerous consequence of Gender Discrimination in Social life.
    • Dangerous consequence of Gender Discrimination in Social life.
    • GENDER EQUITY & EQUALITY Gender Equity is the process of being fair to men and women. Equity is a means. Equality is the result.
    • GENDER EQUITY & EQUALITY Equality: Giving the same reward to all, regardless of their contributions. Gender inequality is still very evident in this respect.
    • Gender Equality
    • Let us rebuilt the society by promoting Gender Equality
    • ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS:  Kendriya vidyalaya Sangathan for taking initiative to sensitize their staffs as well as students towards this very important issue. Developed by Mrs.Pratima Nayak, PGT(Mathematics) Kendriya Vidyalaya,Fort William,Kolkata Email:pnpratima@gmail.com She is a Counsellor and Master Trainer for Gender Sensitization