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Beliefs,values and attitudes

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This power point was shown by Pratima Nayak during cluster level workshop on Gender Sensitization for Kendriya Vidyalaya teachers ,Kolkata Region

This power point was shown by Pratima Nayak during cluster level workshop on Gender Sensitization for Kendriya Vidyalaya teachers ,Kolkata Region

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  • 1. A belief is an internal feeling that something is true, even though that belief may be unproven or irrational I believe that there is life after death. A value is a measure of the worth or importance a person attaches to something; our values are often reflected in the way we live our lives. I value freedom of speech, or I value my family. An attitude is the way a person expresses or applies their beliefs and values, and is expressed through words and behaviour. I hate school.
  • 2. Believes, Values and Attitude... need of present society
  • 3. Attitudes as a learned tendency to evaluate things in a certain way. This can include evaluations of people, issues, objects or events. Such evaluations are often positive or negative, but they can also be uncertain at times.
  • 4. Explicit attitudes are conscious beliefs that can guide decisions and behaviour. Implicit attitudes are unconscious beliefs that can still influence decisions and behaviour.
  • 5. How Do Attitudes Form? Attitudes form directly as a result of experiences. They may emerge due to direct personal experience, or they may result from observation. Social roles and social norms can have a strong influence on attitudes. Social roles relate to how people are expected to behave in a particular role or context. Social norms involve society's rules for what behaviours are considered appropriate.
  • 6. Cognitive Emotional Behavioural
  • 7. Cognitive Your thoughts and beliefs about the subject. Attitudes can be Based on Beliefs Emotional How the object, person, issue or event makes you feel. Attitudes Based on Feelings Behavioural How the attitude influences your behaviour. Attitudes Based on Behaviour Video
  • 8. How do one learn attitudes?
  • 9. Classical conditioning Influences your attitude toward a particular product. In a television commercial, you see young, beautiful people having fun in on a tropical beach while enjoying a sport drink. This attractive and appealing imagery causes you to develop a positive association with this.
  • 10. Operant conditioning Imagine a young man who has just started smoking. Whenever he lights up a cigarette, people complain and ask him to leave their vicinity. This negative feedback from those around him eventually causes him to develop an unfavourable opinion of smoking and he decides to give up the habit.
  • 11. observing the people around When someone you admire greatly espouses a particular attitude, you are more likely to develop the same beliefs. Children spend a great deal of time observing the attitudes of their parents and usually begin to demonstrate similar outlooks.
  • 12. Attitude Change be changed 1. Learning Theory of Attitude Change 2.Elaboration Likelihood Theory of Attitude Change 3. Dissonance Theory of Attitude Change
  • 13. 1. Learning Theory of Attitude Change: Classical conditioning can be used to create positive emotional reactions to an object, person or event by associating positive feelings with the target object. Operant conditioning can be used to strengthen desirable attitudes and weaken undesirable ones. People can also change their attitudes after observing the behaviour of others.
  • 14. 2.Elaboration Likelihood Theory of Attitude Change: This theory of persuasion suggests that people can alter their attitudes in two ways. 1. They can be motivated to listen and think about the message, thus leading to an attitude shift. 2.They might be influenced by characteristics of the speaker, leading to a temporary or surface shift in attitude.
  • 15. 3. Dissonance Theory of Attitude Change: People can also change their attitudes when they have conflicting beliefs about a topic. In order to reduce the tension created by these incompatible beliefs, people often shift their attitudes.
  • 16. Messages that are thought-provoking and that appeal to logic are more likely to lead to permanent changes in attitudes.
  • 17. Role of teacher in Promotion of attitudes and values for well being Education contribute to the well-being of individuals and society by promoting the attitudes and values .
  • 18. Promotion of attitudes and values for well being 1. Role Model 2.Self Identity 3. Life skill Education 4. Health and physical education 5. Group Guidance 6. Value Education
  • 19. A belief is an internal feeling that something is true, even though that belief may be unproven or irrational I believe that there is life after death. A value is a measure of the worth or importance a person attaches to something; our values are often reflected in the way we live our lives. I value freedom of speech, or I value my family. An attitude is the way a person expresses or applies their beliefs and values, and is expressed through words and behaviour. I hate school.
  • 20. Beliefs Values Attitudes Skills Behaviours
  • 21. What are values? Values are the guiding principles of life that contribute to the all round development of an Individual.
  • 22. Values are the deeply held beliefs. Values are the deeply held beliefs about what is good, right, and appropriate. Individual’s values may be derived from the society, religion, or self.
  • 23. Values promote self development Any human activity, thought or idea, feeling, sentiment or emotion, which promotes self development of an individual, constitutes a value.
  • 24. The five human values can be found in all cultures, all societies and in all religions. Truth is what we speak, Right Conduct is what we practise, Love is what we live, Peace is what we give, Non-violence is the fruit.
  • 25. The need of values: 1. To guide the human beings in the right path, to inculcate the concept of ‘universal brotherhood’ and to achieve the absolute values of Truth, Goodness and Beauty.
  • 26. The need of values: 2. To give direction and firmness to life and bring joy, satisfaction and peace, of life, to preserve our culture and heritage and to develop morality and character.
  • 27. The need of values: 3. To bring the behavioural changes towards positivism.
  • 28. The need of values: 4. To promote the peace and harmony in the individuals and in the society.
  • 29. The need of values: 5. To bring quality of life and sustainable development in the society
  • 30. Value Education -- The Need of the Hour Education is a powerful and pervasive agent for all round development and social transformation. This alone can sustain culture and civilization.
  • 31. Radhakrishnan Commission (1949) held the view that in addition to the search for truth through scientific and scholarly pursuits an important task of education is a concern with values.
  • 32. Kothari Commission (1964-66) with its emphasis on education’s role in national development includes among the functions of higher education cultivation of right interest, Attitudes, moral and intellectual values.
  • 33. The National Policy on Education (1986) observes, “The growing concern over the erosion of essential values in the society has brought to focus the need for readjustments in the curriculum in order to make education a forceful tool for the cultivation of social and moral values”.
  • 34. NCF-2005 page-61 Education for peace seeks to nurture ethical development, inculcating the values, attitudes and skills required for living in harmony with oneself and with others, including nature. It embodies the joy of living and personality development with the qualities of love.
  • 35. How to develop values in School?
  • 36. 1.The text books prescribed for the students should contain stories with certain moral lessons.
  • 37. 2. Prizes may be given to the deserving students for showing honesty, bravery, gallantry, truth etc. The award of prizes be given to the students in social gathering or functions.
  • 38. 3. National service scheme (N.S.S),N.C.C ,Scout & Guide need to be popularized and its programme of activities be organized.
  • 39. 4. Declamation contest may be organized in the institution on themes related to values of life. Participation in the contest by way of speakers and also by way of audience will have a good deal of impact.
  • 40. Elocution Competition can be conducted for participants on following topics 1.The 2020 dream – A Healthy India 2.Role of Media today-in nurturing healthy Indians 3.Celebrating elements of life– the dimensions of health, spirituality. 4.To win one should have talent and desire but desire is first. 5. ‘Every true genius is at first a fool’ – A healthy idea! 6.Absolute Power corrupts absolutely and bankrupts personal wellbeing. 7.Healthy Schools – Healthy India – A dream to realize. 8.Celebrate the nation with empowerment of the girl child. 9.Media – the double edged sword for our times – A question of wellbeing
  • 41. Thank you