Colorectal cancer


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Colorectal cancer is also known as bowel or colon cancer. It is formed in the rectum or colon. The colon or rectum is infected with polyps which are formed. These when detected early can be treated with various treatments like radiation and chemotherapy or surgery

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Colorectal cancer

  1. 1. Colorectal Cancer
  2. 2. Colorectal cancer is also known as bowel or coloncancer. It is formed in the rectum or colon. Thecolon or rectum is infected with polyps which areformed. These when detected early can be treatedwith various treatments like radiation andchemotherapy or surgery.While there are numerous ways to avoid thisdisease there are certain risk factors that cannotbe controlled. This is essentially formed in the GIor the gastrointestinal tract.
  3. 3. The rectum helps in excretionof waste products from thebody and hence peopleafflicted with this disease havea high risk factor. In case ofbowel cancer the tissues in thecolon are infected and polypsare formed.Though the polyps are removedvia surgery and radiation, therisk of reoccurrence is alwaysthere. Cancer cells grow in anunrestricted way and hence it isimportant to detect it in theearly stages.
  4. 4. Colorectal Cancer SymptomsCancer is a progressive disease but with research and timelydetection it is possible to provide treatment for the same• Drastic change in bowel habits• Blood in stools• Tiredness and exhaustion• Fever and chills• Pain during excretion• Cramps and strain in the colon areaAge too is a factor here and men are more prone than womento get colon cancer.
  5. 5. Cancer Screening• Blood works• Ultrasound processes• Biopsy• computed tomography or CT scan.The scan procedure is highlighted with the use of a contrast or adye via intravenous procedure and the scan indicated if thetissues are spread in the other areas. Blood works peculiarlyrelated to cancer testing is worked and a study of antigen orcarcinoembryonic test is done to know the presence of cancercells in the body. Once the biopsy confirms that the cells ortissues are malignant, further treatment can be started.
  6. 6. Risk Factors Of Colorectal CancerThe study of cancer has revealed that certain factors allow thetissues or cells to be formed in the body and thus result incancerBasically they are of two types:• Controlled risk factors• Uncontrolled risk
  7. 7. Controlled Risk FactorsControlled risk factorsare those, which canbe changed.They relate to thefollowing:• Overweight andobesity problems• Smoking habits• Alcohol abuseLive fit and healthy
  8. 8. Uncontrolled Risk Factors• Age especially people above 50 years of age• Certain races like Afro Americans are alsoprone to cancer• Passive smoking• Family history• Earlier radiation for treating colon cancer
  9. 9. Treatments For Bowel Cancer• Surgery may be advised to remove the tissues or polyps• Radiation therapy• Oral medicines• ChemotherapyThe incidence of cancer is growing among people of variousbackgrounds and hence it is advisable to make certain lifestylechanges and include diet and exercise that is