GLOBAL WARMING Global warming is the increase in the average temperature of Earth's near-surface air and oceans since the mid-20th century and its projected continuation. According to the 2007 Fourth Assessment Report by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), global surface temperature increased 0.74 ± 0.18 °C (1.33 ± 0.32 °F) during the 20th century
It is expected to come up with an agreement that will make it legally binding for rich and developed countries to reduce their GHGs emissions by specific amounts by certain date, possibly 2020
In fact, such an international agreement already exists. It is called the Kyoto Protocol that makes it mandatory for a group of rich countries to reduce their collective emissions by 5.2 percent from their 1990 levels by 2012
More than 80 per cent of the accumulated GHGs in atmosphere have been emitted by developed countries since they were the first ones to industrialise.
A handful of 30 rich countries account for nearly half the global emissions
Their average per capita emission is more than twice the world average and at least ten times more than that of India
A lot of it results from wasteful and luxurious consumption of energy
according to Bali Action Plan, every country needs to take steps to reduce its energy consumption.
But unlike rich countries, they do not have to affix targets and the reduction targets are not legally binding.
this has been done so that developing countries don’t find themselves constrained in their effort to increase economic activity and reduce poverty.
Fixing the Peak year Fixing peak year would impact the economic progress of the developing countries as they would not be able to emit a higher level of carbon after that year The accord explicitly recognizes that the time frame for peaking year will be longer in developing countries There is no mention of specific peaking year
In principle, yes, but there are sharp differences over the details
Rich countries, for example ,want big , emerging economies like India and china to take some sort of targeted reductions in their rapidly growing emissions.
Developing countries are demanding more ambitious emission cuts from the rich countries.
India and climate change
Fifth largest emitter of GHGs behind China, the United States, the European union and Russia
Annual GHGs emission is in range of 1.6 to 1.8 billion tones.
India’s per capita emission is about 1.2 tones per year, its about one-fourth of the global average, one-tenth of the emission of developed countries and about one-third of the emissions of China’s.
Between 1990 and 2004,India’s emission of carbon dioxide grew by 7% a year on avg.
Development and poverty reduction is its primary and over-riding priority.
Reducing GHGs is the sole responsibility of developed nations as the Kyoto Protocol says.
India will take mitigation efforts only if developed world supports it with technology transfer and finance.
India has already come up with a National Action Plan on Climate Change in line with its responsibility under the Bali road map
In the end... The final agreement failed to meet UN ambitions, with participating nations agreeing only to “take note” of the deal eventually brokered by China, US, Brazil, India and South Africa. President Obama, whose representatives called the deal a “meaningful agreement”, has also recognised that the progress made was “not enough.”
have to think again... Representatives from environmental organisations and the developing world have denounced the deal as insufficient and unacceptable. The accord is a statement of intent, recording a promise by the 193 member states to combat climate change within their own countries, but lacking any real enforceability.
To Save Planet... Global Warming is a dramatically urgent and serious problem. We don’t need to wait for governments to find a solution for this problem Each individual can bring an important help adopting a responsible life style
Act now... Starting from little everyday things for example: - save water save life -start using public transport -using recycler things and stop trashing and burning non biodegradable wastes
Now or never... -stop wasting energy and start using energy economically -start using green artictecture and organic things -saving our life saver forests
Take initiative...be smart... Being responsible is the only way to save our homes So please give attention to those small things which can harm us And give what we got to save our world before its too late
lets take a pledge today for a better greener ‘safer tomorrow to be together