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Copenhagen summit



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  • 1. CHANGE
    Global warming is the increase in the average temperature of Earth's near-surface air and oceans since the mid-20th century and its projected continuation. 
    According to the 2007 Fourth Assessment Report by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), global surface temperature increased 0.74 ± 0.18 °C (1.33 ± 0.32 °F) during the 20th century
    • Climate change is a long-term change in the statistical distribution of weather patterns over periods of time that range from decades to millions of years
    • 4. It may be qualified as anthropogenic climate change, more generally known as global warming or anthropogenic global warming (AGW)
    • 5. Climate change may be limited to a specific region, or may occur across the whole Earth.
  • 6. Terms to know...
  • Actionsinpast...
    • Bali Action Plan
    • 14. The Conference of Parties (CoP)
    • 15. Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change
    • 16. Kyoto Protocol
    • 17. UNFCC
    • Representatives of 193 countries meet in international conference in Copenhagen.
    • 18. To try and hammer out an agreement that will save the planet from the fallouts of global warming and climate change
    • Copenhagen Accord has kept the Kyoto Protocol sacrosanct as future negotiations will be based on the basic principals of Kyoto Protocol
    • 19. The developed countries have been making attempts to nullify the provisions of Kyoto Protocol
    • 20. The last minute accord has taken care of all the above concerns simply after it become clear that 193 nations conference was in danger of big failure
    • 21. The accord sets the goal of keeping rise in Global Temperature within 2 degree Celsius to be able to deal with challenges of Global warming
    • 22. It fulfils the parameters
    • 23. There is no mention of specific peaking year
  • To worrie or not...
    • It is expected to come up with an agreement that will make it legally binding for rich and developed countries to reduce their GHGs emissions by specific amounts by certain date, possibly 2020
    • 24. In fact, such an international agreement already exists. It is called the Kyoto Protocol that makes it mandatory for a group of rich countries to reduce their collective emissions by 5.2 percent from their 1990 levels by 2012
  • Reality...
    • More than 80 per cent of the accumulated GHGs in atmosphere have been emitted by developed countries since they were the first ones to industrialise.
    • 25. A handful of 30 rich countries account for nearly half the global emissions
    • 26. Their average per capita emission is more than twice the world average and at least ten times more than that of India
  • Think!!!
    • A lot of it results from wasteful and luxurious consumption of energy
    • 27. according to Bali Action Plan, every country needs to take steps to reduce its energy consumption.
    • 28. But unlike rich countries, they do not have to affix targets and the reduction targets are not legally binding.
    • 29. this has been done so that developing countries don’t find themselves constrained in their effort to increase economic activity and reduce poverty.
  • Fixing the Peak year
    Fixing peak year would impact the economic progress of the developing countries as they would not be able to emit a higher level of carbon after that year
    The accord explicitly recognizes that the time frame for peaking year will be longer in developing countries
    There is no mention of specific peaking year
  • 30. Does every one agreed???
    • In principle, yes, but there are sharp differences over the details
    • 31. Rich countries, for example ,want big , emerging economies like India and china to take some sort of targeted reductions in their rapidly growing emissions.
    • 32. Developing countries are demanding more ambitious emission cuts from the rich countries.
  • India and climate change
    • Fifth largest emitter of GHGs behind China, the United States, the European union and Russia
    • 33. Annual GHGs emission is in range of 1.6 to 1.8 billion tones.
    • 34. India’s per capita emission is about 1.2 tones per year, its about one-fourth of the global average, one-tenth of the emission of developed countries and about one-third of the emissions of China’s.
    • 35. Between 1990 and 2004,India’s emission of carbon dioxide grew by 7% a year on avg.
  • India's Argument
    • Development and poverty reduction is its primary and over-riding priority.
    • 36. Reducing GHGs is the sole responsibility of developed nations as the Kyoto Protocol says.
    • 37. India will take mitigation efforts only if developed world supports it with technology transfer and finance.
    • 38. India has already come up with a National Action Plan on Climate Change in line with its responsibility under the Bali road map
  • In the end...
    The final agreement failed to meet UN ambitions, with participating nations agreeing only to “take note” of the deal eventually brokered by China, US, Brazil, India and South Africa.
    President Obama, whose representatives called the deal a “meaningful agreement”, has also recognised that the progress made was “not enough.”
  • 39. have to think again...
    Representatives from environmental organisations and the developing world have denounced the deal as insufficient and unacceptable.
     The accord is a statement of intent, recording a promise by the 193 member states to combat climate change within their own countries, but lacking any real enforceability.
  • 40. To Save Planet...
    Global Warming is a dramatically urgent and serious problem. We don’t need to wait for governments to find a solution for this problem
    Each individual can bring an important help adopting a responsible life style
  • 41. Act now...
    Starting from little everyday things
    for example:
    - save water save life
    -start using public transport
    -using recycler things
    and stop trashing and burning non biodegradable wastes
  • 42. Now or never...
    -stop wasting energy and start using energy economically
    -start using green artictecture and organic things
    -saving our life saver forests
  • 43. Take smart...
    Being responsible is the only way to save our homes
    So please give attention to those small things which can harm us
    And give what we got to save our world before its too late
  • 44. lets take a pledge
    today for a better greener ‘safer tomorrow to be together