Introduction to UNIX Karl Harrison  September 2004
The UNIX Operating System <ul><li>An  operating system  (or &quot;OS&quot;) is a set of programs that controls a computer ...
The UNIX Operating System <ul><li>Some computers have a  single-user  OS, which means only one person can use the computer...
Versions of UNIX <ul><li>Now there are many different versions of UNIX.  </li></ul><ul><li>At first there were two main ve...
Versions of UNIX <ul><li>Now commercial versions include SunOS, Solaris, SCO UNIX, SG IRIX, AIX, HP/UX  </li></ul><ul><li>...
What is different with UNIX Hardware UNIX Kernel Services Commands & Shell GUI User  Applications Other Users X Windows
UNIX GUI’s -Apple OS X 10.4
UNIX GUI’s -Apple OS X 10.4
UNIX GUI’s -Fedora KDE
UNIX GUI’s -Solaris
UNIX GUI’s -SG IRIX
Remote UNIX log on
Oxford UNIX System <ul><li>OUCS provides a general-purpose cluster of computers running Debian GNU/Linux.  </li></ul><ul><...
UNIX Tutorials <ul><li>Maui High Performance Computing Centre </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www. mhpcc . edu/training/vitec...
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  1. 1. Introduction to UNIX Karl Harrison September 2004
  2. 2. The UNIX Operating System <ul><li>An operating system (or &quot;OS&quot;) is a set of programs that controls a computer </li></ul><ul><li>It controls both the </li></ul><ul><ul><li>hardware (things you can touch—such as keyboards, displays, and disk drives) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>software (application programs that you run, such as a word processor). </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. The UNIX Operating System <ul><li>Some computers have a single-user OS, which means only one person can use the computer at a time. They can also do only one job at a time. </li></ul><ul><li>But if it has a multiuser, multitasking operating system like UNIX. Then these powerful OSes can let many people use the computer at the same time and let each user run several jobs at once. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Versions of UNIX <ul><li>Now there are many different versions of UNIX. </li></ul><ul><li>At first there were two main versions: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The line of UNIX releases that started at AT&T (the latest is System V Release 4), </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>And from the University of California at Berkeley (the latest version is BSD 4.4). </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Versions of UNIX <ul><li>Now commercial versions include SunOS, Solaris, SCO UNIX, SG IRIX, AIX, HP/UX </li></ul><ul><li>The freely available versions include Linux and FreeBSD 5.2 (based on 4.4BSD) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Many Versions of Linux - Redhat, Fedroa, Debian, SuSE and MandrakeSoft </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Apple Mac OS X (FreeBSD 5.2) </li></ul>
  6. 6. What is different with UNIX Hardware UNIX Kernel Services Commands & Shell GUI User Applications Other Users X Windows
  7. 7. UNIX GUI’s -Apple OS X 10.4
  8. 8. UNIX GUI’s -Apple OS X 10.4
  9. 9. UNIX GUI’s -Fedora KDE
  10. 10. UNIX GUI’s -Solaris
  11. 11. UNIX GUI’s -SG IRIX
  12. 12. Remote UNIX log on
  13. 13. Oxford UNIX System <ul><li>OUCS provides a general-purpose cluster of computers running Debian GNU/Linux. </li></ul><ul><li>The service is available to any University member who has a Herald account, and is accessed using Herald username and password on secure login to linux.ox.ac.uk . </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www. oucs .ox.ac.uk/services/linux/ </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. UNIX Tutorials <ul><li>Maui High Performance Computing Centre </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www. mhpcc . edu/training/vitecbids/UnixIntro/UnixIntro .html </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Also </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www. chem .ox.ac. uk/course/unix/unix .html </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Vi Editor </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.eng. hawaii . edu/Tutor/vi .html </li></ul></ul>

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