• An Italian genius, Galileo created the telescope and observed
the galaxy in so much depth, that his ideas were deemed
irrational. He not only discovered the phases of Venus, the
four satellites of Jupiter: Io, Europa, Callisto, and Ganymede,
but also proved that the ocean tides were caused due to the
gravitational pull of the moon and not due to the earth's
rotation. Compass and thermometer were also his inventions.
This stalwart, who had magnified the galaxy a thousand times
for us, died after he had turned completely blind.
ISAAC NEWTON (1643-1727)
• Newton's Laws of Motion and universal gravitation laid the
foundation for most of the modern physics. He was not only a
physicist but also a Mathematics wizard. With equal
originality, he also immersed himself in chemistry and left a
few manuscripts on the subject, which later served as a base
for the future scientists to develop on.
BENJAMIN FRANKLIN (1706-1790)
• He was an American physicist who discovered two electric
charges, 'positive' and 'negative'. Franklin was a fantastic
inventor who never patented any of his inventions. Even today,
his famous invention of the lightning rod, protects many
buildings and ships from getting damaged by lightning. He was a
versatile personality, being an author, satirist, diplomat,
statesman, politician and musician, all into one.
ELBERT EINSTEIN (1879-1955)
• A stalwart, who needs no introduction, Einstein put forth
one of the pillars of modern physics, 'General theory of
Relativity'. E=mc2 has been dubbed as the 'world's famous
equation', and it also earned him a Nobel prize in 1921. In
his lifetime, he published nearly 300 scientific papers. His
exceptional wisdom has made the word 'Einstein'
synonymous with 'intelligence‘.
SRI. C.V. RAMAN (1888-1970)
• His research on scattering of light and establishing the
Raman effect got him a Nobel prize in 1930. He was an
Indian physicist, who helped India grow by his influential
work. He was the founder and editor of 'The Indian Journal
of Physics'. He also carried out many other investigations,
and also approached the basic problems of crystal dynamics
with a different mindset.