• Country- India
• State, West Bengal
• District Darjeeling.
• Area-Total10.57 km2 (4.08 sq mi)
Elevation2,050 m (6,730 ft)
• Population (2011)
Nepali, Tibetan, Kiranti, Nepal Bhasa,
Gurung, Magar, Bhutia, Tamang,Lepcha
• Official Nepali and English
"The one land that all men desire to see, and having seen once-
by even a glimpse would not give that glimpse for the shows of
the rest of the world combined" - Mark Twain.
• It is located in the Lesser Himalaya.
• It is certainly that Darjeeling in the post modern era
comprises of six T’s -Tea, Teak, Tourism, Toy Train,
Tiger Hill and Trekkers’ paradise.
• Nestled among the rolling mountains with the
glistening Mt Kanchenjunga towering over the azure
sky, Darjeeling fondly called "Queen of the Hills",
provides a perfect gateway for those seeking to be in
harmony with nature.
• This is the land of the muscatel flavoured Darjeeling
tea revered by connoisseurs across the globe.
• This is the land of the world heritage Darjeeling
Himalayan Railway where the century old miniature
steam engine still chugs uphill vying for space with the
fast disappearing Land Rovers.
Major Political Parties
The main national parties active in West Bengal are:
• The Communist party of India (CPI)
• The Communist party of India (Marxist) [CPI(M)]
• The Indian National Congress (INC)
• The Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP)
The regional parties in the state are:
• All India Trinamool Congress (AITMC)
• All India Forward Block
• Revolutionary Socialist Party
• Gorakha National Liberation Front
• Gorkha Janmukti Morcha
• Democratic Socialist Party (Prabodh Chandra)
• Socialist Unity center of India (Communist)
Indian general elections, 2014:
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
BJP S.S. Ahluwalia 4,88,257 42.75 -8.75
2,91,018 25.48 +25.48
CPI(M) Saman Pathak 1,67,186 14.64 -10.65
INC Sujoy Ghatak 90,076 7.89 -11.54
Nima Lama 2,906 0.25
None of the
None of the
• While the Trinamool Congress has floated
football player and a local hero for Darjeeling,
• the BJP has floated its vice-president SS Ahluwalia
here after its 2009 winner Jaswant Singh wanted
to contest from his home state Rajasthan
• Saman Pathak, son of well-known leader Ananda
Pathak, is the CPI(M) candidate from Darjeeling
• Apart from them are the two local parties,
Gorkha Janmukti Morcha (GJM) and the Gorkha
National Liberation Front (GNLF).
• The GJM, formed in 2007 by Bimal Gurung who has led
the fight for a separate Gorkhaland singlehandedly
after he fell out with GNLF’s Subhash Ghising, had won
the three assembly seats of Darjeeling, Kalimpong and
Kurseong in the 2011 Assembly elections and turned
Darjeeling into a safe seat for BJP by supporting Singh
• This time, GJM has once again decided to support the
BJP, who in turn have promised to support the
formation of a separate state of Gorkhaland if it comes
to power at the Centre.
• The final twist in the story arrived when the GNLF’s
Subhash Ghising re-entered Darjeeling, after a forced
exile of five years.
• After coming to power in 2011, Mamata Banerjee
signed a memorandum for Gorkhaland Territorial
Administration, and tried to shift the discourse from
state autonomy to peace and development
• With the BJP coming out in support of a
separate Gorkha state, Mamata Banerjee has
warned that West Bengal will not turn out to
be the next Andhra Pradesh.