REQURIMENTS OF SPS
.WHAT IS HUMAN HEART?
.SITUATION OF HUMAN HEART?
.PROBLEMS OF HUMAN HEART?
SYMPTOMS OF HEART ATTACK?
.SOLUTION OF HUMAN HEART?
WHAT IS HUMAN HEART?
The heart is one of the most important organs in the entire human body
It is really nothing but more than a pump, composed of muscle which pumps blood through out
Heart beating approximately 72 times per minute of our lives.
The heart pumps the blood, which carries all the vital materials which help our bodies function.
It also removes the waste products that we do not need.
For example, the brain requires oxygen and glucose, if it not received continuously,we will
cause it to loose consciousness.
In the same way our Muscles need oxygen, glucose and amino acids, as well as the proper ratio
of sodium, calcium and potassium salts in order to contract normally.
SITUATION OF HUMAN HEART IN INDIA
Heart Attacks: An Explosive Situation
A heart attack is sudden,it causes of the heart attack are not. Years of unhealthy heart habits
suddenly, unexpectedly, catch up with you Anywhere Anytime.
Heart attack occurs when the supply of nutrientrich blood to the heart muscle is reduced or
If the blood supply is shut down for a long time, muscle cells die from a lack of oxygen
Symptoms of Heart Diseases
There are certain very pronounced symptoms of heart diseases or heart attacks. They are as
4) Chest pain and discomfort in the chest.
5) Sweating, breathlessness, faintness/dizziness.
6) Numbness of face
7) High blood pressure
Hindu priest Pandjitee is not overweight, does not smoke or drink and follows a strict vegetarian
diet. Yet three years ago he was suddenly struck by a heart attack.
Pandjitee is among a growing number of Indians who are at risk of heart disease because of a
genetic mutation that affects one in 25 people in India
Indians suffer heart attacks at an earlier age, often without prior symptoms or warning.
Now researchers says,in india more than one billion people, will likely account for 60 per cent of
heart disease patients worldwide, by 2010.
A study among Asian Indian men showed that half of all heart attacks in this population occur
under the age of 50 years and 25 percent under the age of 40.
A team of 25 scientists from four countries explained that one percent of the world’s population
carries this mutation almost guaranteed to cause heart problems. And most of them come from india
The mutation was discovered five years ago in two Indian families with cardiomyopathy, but its
significance only became apparent.
After almost 1,500 people from many parts of India, some with heart disease and some without,
Scientists express this genetic risk as an odds ratio, where 1.2 would be a small effect and 2.0 a
PROBLEMS OF HUMAN HEART
coronary Artery With Plaque Buildup
Plaque: 1. An semihardened accumulation of substances from fluids that bathe an area.
Examples include dental plaque and cholesterol plaque.
Cholesterol is a key component in plaques on the inner walls of blood vessels and can lead to
blood clot formation. heart attacks, and strokes
Most heart attacks occur as a result of coronary artery disease (CAD).
CAD is the buildup over time of a material called plaque on the inner walls of the coronary
Eventually, a section of plaque can break open, causing a blood clot to form at the site.
It’s not always clear what causes a coronary artery spasm, but sometimes it can be related to:
•Taking certain drugs, such as cocaine
•Emotional stress or pain
•Exposure to extreme cold
Major risk factors for heart attack that you can control include:
•HIGH BLOOD PRESSURE
•HIGH BLOOD CHOLESTEROL
•OVERWEIGHT AND OBESITY
•Diabetes(high blood sugar)
Heart disease is not a major cause of death among children and teenagers.
But it is the largest cause of death among adults in the United States. In fact, someone in
America dies every 37 seconds from some form of cardiovascular disease.
SYMPTOMS OF HEART ATTACK
The heart stroke or pressure is the most common symptom of a heart attack
Heart attack, heart attack victims may experience a variety of symptoms including:
1. Pain, fullness, and/or squeezing sensation of the chest
3.Shortness of Breath
6.Upper back pain
7.No symptoms (Approximately one quarter of all heart attacks are silent, without chest pain or new
symptoms. Silent heart attacks are especially common among patients with diabetes.
It is important to remember that heart attacks producing no symptoms or only mild symptoms
can be just as serious and lifethreatening as heart attacks that cause severe chest pain
survival from a heart attack with modern treatment should exceed 90%
The 1% to 10% of heart attack victims who later die frequently had suffered major damage to
the heart muscle initially
The risk of CAD rises in women after menopause
At age 75, a woman's risk for CAD is equal to that of a man's.
A 50yearold woman faces a 46% risk of developing CAD and a 31% risk of dying from
coronary artery disease
The probability of woman contracting and dying from breat cancer is 10% and 3%,
SOLUTION OF HUMAN HEART
Being diagnosed with heart disease need not automatically lead to angiography,
angioplasty or bypass surgery. Reversing it may be as simple as following dietary
and lifestyle changes—leading to heart cure.
Prevention is better than a cure of heart disease
PREVENTION: HEART DISEASE
Prevention involves life style,which u will learn is more important than genetics,in preventing
and reversing heart disease
Number of deaths for leading causes of death
Heart disease: 631,636
Stroke (cerebrovascular diseases): 137,119
Chronic lower respiratory diseases: 124,583
Accidents (unintentional injuries): 121,599
Alzheimer's disease: 72,432
Influenza and Pneumonia: 56,326
Nephritis, nephrotic syndrome, and nephrosis: 45,344
Since Heart Disease is number one on the list let's see what we can possibly do to reduce our risks.
Building up our immune systems involves' everything.
It means our entire lifestyle such as:
The air we breathe
The water we drink
The food we eat
Getting proper rest and sleep
Getting the proper amount of sunshine
Effective regular exercise and having solid loving relationships.
It involves our entire life
PREVENTION OF LIFESTYLE:
It is also important to include proper fats and oils as well as plenty of Omega 3's in the diet
Exercise or activity is also very healthy for the body, and will help alleviate stress.
Avoid heart problems in the future by adopting a healthy lifestyle today. Here are five heart
disease prevention tips to get you started.
1.Don't smoke or use tobacco products
Tobacco smoke contains more than 4,800 chemicals.
Many of these can damage your heart and blood vessels, making them more vulnerable to
narrowing of the arteries Atherosclerosis can ultimately lead to a heart attack.
The good news, though, is that when you quit smoking, your risk of heart disease drops
dramatically within just one year
2. Get active
when you combine physical activity with other lifestyle measures, such as maintaining a healthy
weight, the payoff is even greater.
Physical activity helps you control your weight and can reduce your chances of developing other
conditions that may put a strain on your heart such as:
.High blood pressure, high cholesterol and diabetes. It also reduces stress, which may
also be a factor in heart disease.
3. Eat a hearthealthy diet
Eating a special diet called the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) eating plan
also can help protect your heart
DASH diet means:
Eating foods that are low in fat
Cholesterol and salt
The diet is rich in fruits, vegetables
Whole grains and lowfat dairy products that can help protect your heart
Lowfat sources of protein and certain types of fish also can reduce your risk of heart disease.
A hearthealthy diet also means drinking alcohol only in moderation — no more than two drinks
a day for men, one a day for women.
Alcohol can have a protective effect on your heart. Above that, it becomes a health hazard.
4.Maintain a healthy weight
As we put on weight in adulthood, our weight gain is mostly fat rather than muscle.
This kind of excess weight can lead to conditions that increase your chances of heart disease —
high blood pressure, high cholesterol and diabetes.
One way to see if your weight is healthy is to calculate your body mass
Even small reductions in weight can be beneficial. Reducing your weight by just 10 percent can
decrease your blood pressure, lower your blood cholesterol level and reduce
your risk of diabetes.
5. Get regular health screenings
High blood pressure and high cholesterol can damage your heart and blood vessels.
Regular screening can tell you what your numbers are and whether you need to take action
Blood pressure. Regular blood pressure screenings start in childhood. Adults should have their
blood pressure checked at least every two years. You may need more frequent
checks if your numbers aren't optimal or if you have other risk factors
for heart disease. Optimal blood pressure is less than 120/80
millimeters of mercury.
Cholesterol levels. Adults should have their cholesterol measured at least once every five years. You
may need more frequent testing if your numbers aren't optimal or if you have
other risk factors for heart disease. Some children may need their blood
cholesterol tested if they have a strong family history of heart disease.
Heart disease is often avoidable. Following a hearthealthy lifestyle doesn't have to be
Find ways to include hearthealthy habits into your lifestyle — and you may well enjoy a
healthier life for years to come.
TAKE PRECAUTOINS OF:
CHECK BLOOD PRESSURE
BE PHYSICALLY ACTIVE