WHAT DO YOU
WHAT DO YOU
1947 1950 1206 1526 16001947 1950 1206 1526 1600
1757 1764 1857 1799 14901757 1764 1857 1799 1490
1864 1910 1798 1769 18041864 1910 1798 1769 1804
1815 1799 1792 1791 17891815 1799 1792 1791 1789
The word itself tells ‘his story.’The word itself tells ‘his story.’
History is the collection of dates &History is the collection of dates &
When you read about something inWhen you read about something in
history we should know Who?history we should know Who?
When? Where? Why? How? What?When? Where? Why? How? What?
WHO ?WHO ?
The Emperor of FranceThe Emperor of France
Napoleon was bornNapoleon was born
on August 15, 1769on August 15, 1769
Napoleon crownedNapoleon crowned
himself Emperor onhimself Emperor on
December 2, 1804December 2, 1804
of France during theof France during the
French RevolutionFrench Revolution
WHEN ?WHEN ?
Napoleon wasNapoleon was
born in the town ofborn in the town of
Ajaccio, CorsicaAjaccio, Corsica
Corsica is anCorsica is an
island located offisland located off
of Italyof Italy
WHERE ?WHERE ?
Education:Education: Brienne militaryBrienne military
academy (France)academy (France)
Social Status:Social Status: ParentsParents
were minor nobles.were minor nobles.
Position in army:Position in army: ArtilleryArtillery
officer aged 16.officer aged 16.
Marital Status:Marital Status: Married toMarried to
Josephine de BeauharnaisJosephine de Beauharnais
Letizia RamolinoLetizia Ramolino
Napoleon Bonaparte, MotherNapoleon Bonaparte, Mother
Napoleon was a young,Napoleon was a young,
respected military generalrespected military general
who was successful in manywho was successful in many
A strong leaderA strong leader
Believed that everyone wasBelieved that everyone was
The people believed thatThe people believed that
Napoleon could bringNapoleon could bring
stability to France after allstability to France after all
the terror and chaos duringthe terror and chaos during
the French Revolutionthe French Revolution
WHY/HOW ?WHY/HOW ?
WHAT ?WHAT ?
Napoleon believed inNapoleon believed in
religious tolerance andreligious tolerance and
Also believe in educationAlso believe in education
and educationaland educational
opportunities wereopportunities were
Meritocracy- leadersMeritocracy- leaders
based on talent and abilitybased on talent and ability
rather than the wealthyrather than the wealthy
and privileged classand privileged class
Created a NapoleonicCreated a Napoleonic
Code (set of laws)Code (set of laws)
Napoleon’s mother managed to secure himNapoleon’s mother managed to secure him
a state paid education in France. Thisa state paid education in France. This
proved the starting point for the youngproved the starting point for the young
Emperor’s military career.Emperor’s military career.
Throughout his education it is commonlyThroughout his education it is commonly
known that Napoleon was disliked. Hisknown that Napoleon was disliked. His
strange accent and unusual height madestrange accent and unusual height made
him the object of ridicule throughout hishim the object of ridicule throughout his
time at school. However some historianstime at school. However some historians
believe it was these hardships thatbelieve it was these hardships that
encouraged Bonaparte to strive for more.encouraged Bonaparte to strive for more.
In fact at the tender age of 16 BonaparteIn fact at the tender age of 16 Bonaparte
had already secured himself a position ashad already secured himself a position as
an artillery officer in the army.an artillery officer in the army.
17851785 -- Made an Artillery Officer at 16Made an Artillery Officer at 16
17931793 -- Promoted to brigadier general.Promoted to brigadier general.
17941794-- Imprisoned and accused of being a Jacobin and RobespierreImprisoned and accused of being a Jacobin and Robespierre
17951795 -- Napoleon is promoted to General of the Army of the WestNapoleon is promoted to General of the Army of the West
17851785 -- Barras helps Napoleon win promotion to Commander of theBarras helps Napoleon win promotion to Commander of the
Army of the InteriorArmy of the Interior
17861786 -- Napoleon is given command of the French army in ItalyNapoleon is given command of the French army in Italy
-- Napoleon wins the Battle of LodiNapoleon wins the Battle of Lodi
-- Napoleon wins the Battle of ArcoleNapoleon wins the Battle of Arcole
17871787 -- Napoleon wins the Battle of RivoliNapoleon wins the Battle of Rivoli
17881788 -- He returns to Paris a hero.He returns to Paris a hero.
17981798 -- Napoleon begins his Egyptian campaign.Napoleon begins his Egyptian campaign.
17991799 -- Receiving news of turmoil in France, Napoleon returns toReceiving news of turmoil in France, Napoleon returns to
-- Following aFollowing a coup d'etat,coup d'etat, Napoleon becomes First Consul ofNapoleon becomes First Consul of
the new French governmentthe new French government
1800 - ·Sets up a household in Tuileries Palace
Napoleon in hisNapoleon in his King of ItalyKing of Italy
gown, 1805.gown, 1805.
Napoleon in his golden crownNapoleon in his golden crown
Napoleon InvadesNapoleon Invades
-Napoleon wants to take Russia and expand his empire-Napoleon wants to take Russia and expand his empire
-Takes 650,000 soldiers from his Grand Army in a march-Takes 650,000 soldiers from his Grand Army in a march
to Moscowto Moscow
Napoleon LosesNapoleon Loses
The Russians used aThe Russians used a
method called the scorched-method called the scorched-
earth policyearth policy
Burnt down their own towns,Burnt down their own towns,
villages, crops so thatvillages, crops so that
Napoleon’s army wouldn’tNapoleon’s army wouldn’t
have food or shelterhave food or shelter
Napoleon and his armyNapoleon and his army
finally reaches Moscow tofinally reaches Moscow to
see it burnt to the groundsee it burnt to the ground
Napoleon retreats back toNapoleon retreats back to
France because of the lackFrance because of the lack
of resourcesof resources
Napoleon’s army was notNapoleon’s army was not
ready for the harsh wintersready for the harsh winters
where many of his soldierswhere many of his soldiers
froze to deathfroze to death
Famine, starvation, diseaseFamine, starvation, disease
Russian ambushes andRussian ambushes and
battles causes largebattles causes large
decrease of soldiers indecrease of soldiers in
Napoleon’s armyNapoleon’s army
About 27,000 FrenchAbout 27,000 French
soldiers survive from thesoldiers survive from the
The Egyptian CampaignThe Egyptian Campaign
In his bid to conquer Britain, Bonaparte endeavoured toIn his bid to conquer Britain, Bonaparte endeavoured to
hinder Britain’s trade with Egypt by waging a war on Egypt.hinder Britain’s trade with Egypt by waging a war on Egypt.
He sailed to Egypt and was defeated by the superior BritishHe sailed to Egypt and was defeated by the superior British
Whilst there, Bonaparte abandoned his troops, with noWhilst there, Bonaparte abandoned his troops, with no
supplies, to return to France. His reasoning was that hesupplies, to return to France. His reasoning was that he
had learned of his wife’s infidelity and was returning tohad learned of his wife’s infidelity and was returning to
confront her. However some believe that he returned toconfront her. However some believe that he returned to
ensure that the people of France didn’t learn of herensure that the people of France didn’t learn of her
infidelity so as to keep his position in society.infidelity so as to keep his position in society.
The other belief is that he had learnt that the Directory wasThe other belief is that he had learnt that the Directory was
weak and he sensed the opportunity to gain even moreweak and he sensed the opportunity to gain even more
power. This is the more commonly accepted belief, givenpower. This is the more commonly accepted belief, given
his evident want for power and determination.his evident want for power and determination.
Exile from FranceExile from France
Napoleon is exiled toNapoleon is exiled to
the island of Elba bythe island of Elba by
the Frenchthe French
Louis XVIII becomesLouis XVIII becomes
the new king but isthe new king but is
unpopular to theunpopular to the
Napoleon escapesNapoleon escapes
Elba and the FrenchElba and the French
welcome him backwelcome him back
Battle of WaterlooBattle of Waterloo
The The Battle of WaterlooBattle of Waterloo was fought on was fought on
Sunday, 18 June 1815, nearSunday, 18 June 1815, near WaterlooWaterloo in in
present-day present-day BelgiumBelgium, then part of the , then part of the
United Kingdom of the NetherlandsUnited Kingdom of the Netherlands
The opponents were7 countries.The opponents were7 countries.
The countries were Hanover, Nassau,The countries were Hanover, Nassau,
Brunswick, Germany, UK, Prussia, Netherland.Brunswick, Germany, UK, Prussia, Netherland.
In the end Napoleon LostIn the end Napoleon Lost
(1798) Napoleon conquered(1798) Napoleon conquered Ottoman-Ottoman-
ruled Egypt.ruled Egypt.
He was defeated by the British at theHe was defeated by the British at the
Battle of the Nile.Battle of the Nile.
War with Austria(1800) .War with Austria(1800) .
Defeated Austrians at Marengo.Defeated Austrians at Marengo.
War with Britain.War with Britain.
Britain defeated the French atBritain defeated the French at
TrafalgarTrafalgar (1805) .(1805) .
Annexation of Prussian landsAnnexation of Prussian lands
CAUSES FOR DOWN FALLCAUSES FOR DOWN FALL
OF NAPOLEONOF NAPOLEON
Highly ambitious.Highly ambitious.
Offensive monarchy.Offensive monarchy.
Russian attack.Russian attack.
Continuous war.Continuous war.
War of waterloo.War of waterloo.
Feeling of national integrity.Feeling of national integrity.
Naval power of England.Naval power of England.
Napoleon’s faultsNapoleon’s faults
Differences with the popeDifferences with the pope
Napoleon’s exile andNapoleon’s exile and
deathdeathNapoleon wasNapoleon was
imprisoned and thenimprisoned and then
exiled to the islandexiled to the island
ofof Saint HelenaSaint Helena
for the last 6 yearsfor the last 6 years
of his life in theof his life in the
Atlantic Ocean, byAtlantic Ocean, by
the british1,870 kmthe british1,870 km
from the west coastfrom the west coast
of Africaof Africa
After seeing only part of Bonaparte’sAfter seeing only part of Bonaparte’s
military career laid out you can see howmilitary career laid out you can see how
rapidly he rose to power, and also howrapidly he rose to power, and also how
successful he was. It is easy to see whysuccessful he was. It is easy to see why
the French people branded him a hero.the French people branded him a hero.
It’s also easy to see how determined heIt’s also easy to see how determined he
was to rise to power, and howwas to rise to power, and how
dangerous he was.dangerous he was.
So, we have presented this show for all ofSo, we have presented this show for all of
Made by IX A Boys of Pramathi Hill viewMade by IX A Boys of Pramathi Hill view