Napoleon Bonaparte the Little soldier

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this is a biography about napoleon sorry if the video doesn't play!!!

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Napoleon Bonaparte the Little soldier

  1. 1. WHAT DO YOU WHAT DO YOU MEAN BY MEAN BY HISTORY ? HISTORY ?
  2. 2. 1947 1950 1206 1526 16001947 1950 1206 1526 1600 1757 1764 1857 1799 14901757 1764 1857 1799 1490 1864 1910 1798 1769 18041864 1910 1798 1769 1804 1815 1799 1792 1791 17891815 1799 1792 1791 1789 The word itself tells ‘his story.’The word itself tells ‘his story.’ History is the collection of dates &History is the collection of dates & events.events. When you read about something inWhen you read about something in history we should know Who?history we should know Who? When? Where? Why? How? What?When? Where? Why? How? What?
  3. 3. NAPOLEONNAPOLEON BONAPARTEBONAPARTE (1769-1821)(1769-1821)
  4. 4. WHO ?WHO ? The Emperor of FranceThe Emperor of France
  5. 5.  Napoleon was bornNapoleon was born on August 15, 1769on August 15, 1769  Napoleon crownedNapoleon crowned himself Emperor onhimself Emperor on December 2, 1804December 2, 1804 of France during theof France during the French RevolutionFrench Revolution WHEN ?WHEN ?
  6. 6.  Napoleon wasNapoleon was born in the town ofborn in the town of Ajaccio, CorsicaAjaccio, Corsica  Corsica is anCorsica is an island located offisland located off of Italyof Italy WHERE ?WHERE ?
  7. 7. BONAPARTE’SBONAPARTE’S BIOGRAPHYBIOGRAPHY Nationality:Nationality: ItalianItalian Siblings:Siblings: SevenSeven Education:Education: Brienne militaryBrienne military academy (France)academy (France) Social Status:Social Status: ParentsParents were minor nobles.were minor nobles. Position in army:Position in army: ArtilleryArtillery officer aged 16.officer aged 16. Marital Status:Marital Status: Married toMarried to Josephine de BeauharnaisJosephine de Beauharnais
  8. 8. CARLOCARLO BONAPARTEBONAPARTE
  9. 9. Letizia RamolinoLetizia Ramolino Napoleon Bonaparte, MotherNapoleon Bonaparte, Mother
  10. 10. JOSEPHINE DE JOSEPHINE DE BEAUHARNAIS BEAUHARNAIS W IFE OF NAPOLEON W IFE OF NAPOLEON
  11. 11.  Napoleon was a young,Napoleon was a young, respected military generalrespected military general who was successful in manywho was successful in many battlesbattles  A strong leaderA strong leader  Believed that everyone wasBelieved that everyone was equalequal  The people believed thatThe people believed that Napoleon could bringNapoleon could bring stability to France after allstability to France after all the terror and chaos duringthe terror and chaos during the French Revolutionthe French Revolution WHY/HOW ?WHY/HOW ?
  12. 12. WHAT ?WHAT ?  Napoleon believed inNapoleon believed in religious tolerance andreligious tolerance and equalityequality  Also believe in educationAlso believe in education and educationaland educational opportunities wereopportunities were importantimportant  Meritocracy- leadersMeritocracy- leaders based on talent and abilitybased on talent and ability rather than the wealthyrather than the wealthy and privileged classand privileged class  Created a NapoleonicCreated a Napoleonic Code (set of laws)Code (set of laws)
  13. 13. EDUCATIONEDUCATION Napoleon’s mother managed to secure himNapoleon’s mother managed to secure him a state paid education in France. Thisa state paid education in France. This proved the starting point for the youngproved the starting point for the young Emperor’s military career.Emperor’s military career. Throughout his education it is commonlyThroughout his education it is commonly known that Napoleon was disliked. Hisknown that Napoleon was disliked. His strange accent and unusual height madestrange accent and unusual height made him the object of ridicule throughout hishim the object of ridicule throughout his time at school. However some historianstime at school. However some historians believe it was these hardships thatbelieve it was these hardships that encouraged Bonaparte to strive for more.encouraged Bonaparte to strive for more. In fact at the tender age of 16 BonaparteIn fact at the tender age of 16 Bonaparte had already secured himself a position ashad already secured himself a position as an artillery officer in the army.an artillery officer in the army.
  14. 14. MILITARYMILITARY CAREERCAREER 17851785 -- Made an Artillery Officer at 16Made an Artillery Officer at 16 17931793 -- Promoted to brigadier general.Promoted to brigadier general. 17941794-- Imprisoned and accused of being a Jacobin and RobespierreImprisoned and accused of being a Jacobin and Robespierre supporter.supporter. 17951795 -- Napoleon is promoted to General of the Army of the WestNapoleon is promoted to General of the Army of the West 17851785 -- Barras helps Napoleon win promotion to Commander of theBarras helps Napoleon win promotion to Commander of the Army of the InteriorArmy of the Interior 17861786 -- Napoleon is given command of the French army in ItalyNapoleon is given command of the French army in Italy -- Napoleon wins the Battle of LodiNapoleon wins the Battle of Lodi -- Napoleon wins the Battle of ArcoleNapoleon wins the Battle of Arcole 17871787 -- Napoleon wins the Battle of RivoliNapoleon wins the Battle of Rivoli 17881788 -- He returns to Paris a hero.He returns to Paris a hero. 17981798 -- Napoleon begins his Egyptian campaign.Napoleon begins his Egyptian campaign. 17991799 -- Receiving news of turmoil in France, Napoleon returns toReceiving news of turmoil in France, Napoleon returns to ParisParis -- Following aFollowing a coup d'etat,coup d'etat, Napoleon becomes First Consul ofNapoleon becomes First Consul of the new French governmentthe new French government 1800 - ·Sets up a household in Tuileries Palace
  15. 15. Napoleon in hisNapoleon in his King of ItalyKing of Italy gown, 1805.gown, 1805.
  16. 16. Napoleon in his golden crownNapoleon in his golden crown
  17. 17. WARS FOUGHT BY NAPOLEON
  18. 18. Napoleon InvadesNapoleon Invades RussiaRussia -Napoleon wants to take Russia and expand his empire-Napoleon wants to take Russia and expand his empire -Takes 650,000 soldiers from his Grand Army in a march-Takes 650,000 soldiers from his Grand Army in a march to Moscowto Moscow
  19. 19. Napoleon LosesNapoleon Loses  The Russians used aThe Russians used a method called the scorched-method called the scorched- earth policyearth policy  Burnt down their own towns,Burnt down their own towns, villages, crops so thatvillages, crops so that Napoleon’s army wouldn’tNapoleon’s army wouldn’t have food or shelterhave food or shelter  Napoleon and his armyNapoleon and his army finally reaches Moscow tofinally reaches Moscow to see it burnt to the groundsee it burnt to the ground
  20. 20.  Napoleon retreats back toNapoleon retreats back to France because of the lackFrance because of the lack of resourcesof resources  Napoleon’s army was notNapoleon’s army was not ready for the harsh wintersready for the harsh winters where many of his soldierswhere many of his soldiers froze to deathfroze to death  Famine, starvation, diseaseFamine, starvation, disease  Russian ambushes andRussian ambushes and battles causes largebattles causes large decrease of soldiers indecrease of soldiers in Napoleon’s armyNapoleon’s army  About 27,000 FrenchAbout 27,000 French soldiers survive from thesoldiers survive from the 650,000650,000
  21. 21. The Egyptian CampaignThe Egyptian Campaign In his bid to conquer Britain, Bonaparte endeavoured toIn his bid to conquer Britain, Bonaparte endeavoured to hinder Britain’s trade with Egypt by waging a war on Egypt.hinder Britain’s trade with Egypt by waging a war on Egypt. He sailed to Egypt and was defeated by the superior BritishHe sailed to Egypt and was defeated by the superior British Navy.Navy. Whilst there, Bonaparte abandoned his troops, with noWhilst there, Bonaparte abandoned his troops, with no supplies, to return to France. His reasoning was that hesupplies, to return to France. His reasoning was that he had learned of his wife’s infidelity and was returning tohad learned of his wife’s infidelity and was returning to confront her. However some believe that he returned toconfront her. However some believe that he returned to ensure that the people of France didn’t learn of herensure that the people of France didn’t learn of her infidelity so as to keep his position in society.infidelity so as to keep his position in society. The other belief is that he had learnt that the Directory wasThe other belief is that he had learnt that the Directory was weak and he sensed the opportunity to gain even moreweak and he sensed the opportunity to gain even more power. This is the more commonly accepted belief, givenpower. This is the more commonly accepted belief, given his evident want for power and determination.his evident want for power and determination.
  22. 22. Exile from FranceExile from France  Napoleon is exiled toNapoleon is exiled to the island of Elba bythe island of Elba by the Frenchthe French  Louis XVIII becomesLouis XVIII becomes the new king but isthe new king but is unpopular to theunpopular to the peoplepeople  Napoleon escapesNapoleon escapes Elba and the FrenchElba and the French welcome him backwelcome him back
  23. 23. Battle of WaterlooBattle of Waterloo  The The Battle of WaterlooBattle of Waterloo  was fought on was fought on Sunday, 18 June 1815, nearSunday, 18 June 1815, near WaterlooWaterloo in in present-day present-day BelgiumBelgium, then part of the , then part of the  United Kingdom of the NetherlandsUnited Kingdom of the Netherlands    The opponents were7 countries.The opponents were7 countries.  The countries were Hanover, Nassau,The countries were Hanover, Nassau, Brunswick, Germany, UK, Prussia, Netherland.Brunswick, Germany, UK, Prussia, Netherland.  In the end Napoleon LostIn the end Napoleon Lost
  24. 24.  (1798) Napoleon conquered(1798) Napoleon conquered Ottoman-Ottoman- ruled Egypt.ruled Egypt. He was defeated by the British at theHe was defeated by the British at the Battle of the Nile.Battle of the Nile.  War with Austria(1800) .War with Austria(1800) . Defeated Austrians at Marengo.Defeated Austrians at Marengo.  War with Britain.War with Britain.
  25. 25.  Britain defeated the French atBritain defeated the French at TrafalgarTrafalgar (1805) .(1805) .  Annexation of Prussian landsAnnexation of Prussian lands (1806).(1806).
  26. 26. CAUSES FOR DOWN FALLCAUSES FOR DOWN FALL OF NAPOLEONOF NAPOLEON  Highly ambitious.Highly ambitious.  Offensive monarchy.Offensive monarchy.  Russian attack.Russian attack.  Continuous war.Continuous war.  War of waterloo.War of waterloo.  Feeling of national integrity.Feeling of national integrity.  Naval power of England.Naval power of England.  Napoleon’s faultsNapoleon’s faults  Differences with the popeDifferences with the pope
  27. 27. Napoleon’s exile andNapoleon’s exile and deathdeathNapoleon wasNapoleon was imprisoned and thenimprisoned and then exiled to the islandexiled to the island ofof Saint HelenaSaint Helena for the last 6 yearsfor the last 6 years of his life in theof his life in the Atlantic Ocean, byAtlantic Ocean, by the british1,870 kmthe british1,870 km from the west coastfrom the west coast of Africaof Africa thth
  28. 28. ConclusionConclusion After seeing only part of Bonaparte’sAfter seeing only part of Bonaparte’s military career laid out you can see howmilitary career laid out you can see how rapidly he rose to power, and also howrapidly he rose to power, and also how successful he was. It is easy to see whysuccessful he was. It is easy to see why the French people branded him a hero.the French people branded him a hero. It’s also easy to see how determined heIt’s also easy to see how determined he was to rise to power, and howwas to rise to power, and how dangerous he was.dangerous he was. So, we have presented this show for all ofSo, we have presented this show for all of youyou
  29. 29.  Made by IX A Boys of Pramathi Hill viewMade by IX A Boys of Pramathi Hill view AcademyAcademy  Raghav.MRaghav.M  Mithun.K.nayaKaMithun.K.nayaKa  PRanav.BPRanav.B  SagaR.MSagaR.M  SwaRuP.RSwaRuP.R  MRinal.S.SettyMRinal.S.Setty  JagadiShJagadiSh  ChaRan.MChaRan.M

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