Chandrayaan i
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Chandrayaan i

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Chandrayaan i Chandrayaan i Presentation Transcript

  • IndIa’s MIssIon ToIndIa’s MIssIon To MoonMoonNOTE : THIS IS NOT AN OFFICIAL ISRO DOCUMENT
  • From Chand-Mama of ourFrom Chand-Mama of our childhood to the Chandrayaanchildhood to the Chandrayaan now, the moon continues tonow, the moon continues to fascinate and attract us.fascinate and attract us. Chandra-DevChandra-Dev
  • Man On The Moon The Moon was naturally the first target once manThe Moon was naturally the first target once man reached out for outer space in the 50’s and 60’s.reached out for outer space in the 50’s and 60’s. The two countries America and Soviet RussiaThe two countries America and Soviet Russia began a competition to reach the moon first.began a competition to reach the moon first. The space-race ended with Neil Armstrong’sThe space-race ended with Neil Armstrong’s Landing on the Moon in an Apollo-11 rocket.Landing on the Moon in an Apollo-11 rocket. Apollo-11Apollo-11 Rocket.Rocket.
  • India’s Space Programme At around the same time in 1962 IndiaAt around the same time in 1962 India started her Space Programme under thestarted her Space Programme under the able leadership of Prof. Vikram Sarabhai.able leadership of Prof. Vikram Sarabhai. India was still a poor country then andIndia was still a poor country then and Could not afford the amount of moneyCould not afford the amount of money foreign space powers spent on theirforeign space powers spent on their space programmes.space programmes. The Nation’s Space pioneers decidedThe Nation’s Space pioneers decided to create programmes that would helpto create programmes that would help the common man of the country.the common man of the country. Prof. Vikram Sarabhai.Prof. Vikram Sarabhai. The Father of India’sThe Father of India’s Space Programme.Space Programme.
  • India’s Space Programme: The Early Years…. This small Church atThis small Church at Thumba housed theThumba housed the first satellite centre offirst satellite centre of India’s spaceIndia’s space programme !programme !
  • India’s Space Programme: Humble Beginnings - I Always running on a tight budget, the early spaceAlways running on a tight budget, the early space scientists of our country created a space programmescientists of our country created a space programme on little else other than determination and hard-work !on little else other than determination and hard-work ! Future President Dr APJ Abdul KalamFuture President Dr APJ Abdul Kalam (on right) working on a rocket payload(on right) working on a rocket payload at Thumba in 1964.at Thumba in 1964. It was so hot His co-workerIt was so hot His co-worker Prof. Aravamudan had to work withProf. Aravamudan had to work with His shirt off !His shirt off ! Anything for the country !Anything for the country !
  • India’s Space Programme: Humble Beginnings - II Rocket parts being carried by Bullock carts !Rocket parts being carried by Bullock carts !
  • India’s Space Programme: Humble Beginnings - III Scientists transporting a rocketScientists transporting a rocket nose-cone on a bi-cycle !nose-cone on a bi-cycle ! Scientists use muscle power toScientists use muscle power to lift a rocket to its launching pad !lift a rocket to its launching pad ! Cranes and specialised vehicles wereCranes and specialised vehicles were luxuries they could ill afford !luxuries they could ill afford !
  • What Is A Satellite ? Just like the moon revolvesJust like the moon revolves around the earth, satellites arearound the earth, satellites are man-made objects that revolveman-made objects that revolve around the earth utilising itsaround the earth utilising its Gravitational attraction.Gravitational attraction. India’s EduSat in itsIndia’s EduSat in its orbit around the earth.orbit around the earth.
  • What Are Satellites Used For ? Ans:- Communication ! Satellites are used for virtuallySatellites are used for virtually everything from mobile phoneeverything from mobile phone services to live TV broadcasts.services to live TV broadcasts. Next time you watch theNext time you watch the India vs Australia cricket match,India vs Australia cricket match, remember it’s an Indian satelliteremember it’s an Indian satellite up in the sky making it possible !up in the sky making it possible !
  • What Are Satellites Used For ? Ans:- Earth Observation ! Satellites are also used forSatellites are also used for weather forecasting and carryweather forecasting and carry cameras for taking picturescameras for taking pictures of earth.of earth. With these pictures scientistsWith these pictures scientists can predict floods, foodcan predict floods, food production and also find outproduction and also find out places where useful thingsplaces where useful things like water and valuablelike water and valuable minerals are available.minerals are available. New Delhi From Indian Satellite Cartosat-2A
  • Satellite Image.Satellite Image. Source : WikimapiaSource : Wikimapia RKM Asansol From The Sky ! Note : This image is old and therefore recent developments on the campus are not shown.
  • How Are Satellites Launched Into Space ? To launch them into space,To launch them into space, Satellites are carried atop rockets.Satellites are carried atop rockets. The rocket carries the satellite insideThe rocket carries the satellite inside protective covering that protects it fromprotective covering that protects it from being burnt up by atmospheric friction.being burnt up by atmospheric friction. On reaching outer space the protectiveOn reaching outer space the protective covering is blown away and the satellitecovering is blown away and the satellite Is injected into its orbit.Is injected into its orbit. It then starts going around the Earth underIt then starts going around the Earth under the influence of gravity.the influence of gravity.
  • Chandrayaan : Satellite Of The Moon ? Just like earth-boundJust like earth-bound satellites study the earth,satellites study the earth, Chandrayaan-I will studyChandrayaan-I will study the Moon and will in effectthe Moon and will in effect become a satellite of thebecome a satellite of the moon for 2 years !moon for 2 years ! Chandrayaan-I studying the moon’s surface.
  • What Will The Chandrayaan Study ? Create a map of the Moon that will help us if manCreate a map of the Moon that will help us if man finally builds a lunar base.finally builds a lunar base.  It will search for water on the Moon, which would beIt will search for water on the Moon, which would be needed for human settlement there.needed for human settlement there.  Search for precious minerals which can be mined in theSearch for precious minerals which can be mined in the future for the benefit of mankind. Minerals supplies onfuture for the benefit of mankind. Minerals supplies on earth are quickly coming to an end !earth are quickly coming to an end ! How a Lunar Base might look like
  • Chandrayaan Carries The Largest Number of Scientific Instruments ! Chandrayan carries as many as ELEVEN scientific payloadsChandrayan carries as many as ELEVEN scientific payloads to study the Moon out of which FIVE are from India.to study the Moon out of which FIVE are from India. No other mooncraft in the past has had that many scientificNo other mooncraft in the past has had that many scientific Instruments !Instruments ! In an effort to boost co-operation among nations ISRO hasIn an effort to boost co-operation among nations ISRO has magnaminously allowed other countries like USA,UK, Germanymagnaminously allowed other countries like USA,UK, Germany and other European nations to put their instrumentsand other European nations to put their instruments on the mooncraft at no extra cost !on the mooncraft at no extra cost ! Chandrayaan-I will add a lot to mankind’s knowledgeChandrayaan-I will add a lot to mankind’s knowledge of the moon !of the moon !
  • Chandrayaan Will Carry The Indian Flag to Moon ! Indian Tri-ColourIndian Tri-Colour will be carried inwill be carried in the instrumentthe instrument at the top, calledat the top, called the moon-impactthe moon-impact probe (MIP) whichprobe (MIP) which will impact on thewill impact on the moon !moon ! Proof of India’s triumph over the Moon !
  • What will carry the Chandrayaan to moon ? The Gigantic PSLV Rocket,The Gigantic PSLV Rocket, Chandrayaan’sChandrayaan’s bahan !bahan ! Seen here on the launch pad.Seen here on the launch pad.
  • PSLV weighs As much As EIGHTY elephants ! PSLV : How Heavy is it ?
  • PSLV : How Tall is it ? PSLV is as tall as aPSLV is as tall as a 1515 storey building !storey building ! It’s a Giant comparedIt’s a Giant compared to an elephant or a man !to an elephant or a man !
  • The PSLV Rocket : Day Before Launch. PSLV being transported to its launch pad in Sriharikota island in Andhra Pradesh. The Bay of Bengal is visible in the Background.
  • Note how small people at the Bottom and the truck at bottom right corner look ! Moving A Giant !Moving A Giant !
  • Night Before The Exam: Preparation Time ! PSLV on it’s launch pad. Work goes on in the dead of night to prepare for the launch early next morning ! The Scientists and Technicians toil 24 hours a day, 7 days a week in the run-up to the launch !!
  • A Cloudy Morning. The morning greets ISRO scientists with poor weather. There are concerns all around about if they would be able to launch. Spectators gather to witness the historic moment.Spectators gather to witness the historic moment.
  • LAUNCH !
  • One Billion Celebrate As India Aims for the Moon !
  • Anxious Moments ! The Scientists anxiously wait for the first part of the journey to complete successfully.
  • The Man Behind Chandrayaan M. Annadurai Project Director, Chandrayaan - I At the moment He may be one of the leading Space Scientists of the World but Prof. Annadurai spent His childhood in a remote village in Tamil Nadu without seeing a light bulb for the first seven years of His life ! A very humble and down-to-earth person, all His education has been in India while His work is World-class !
  • The Men Behind Chandrayaan A real life Hero ! Prof. Annadurai finds time out of his busy schedule for Chandrayaan to perform puja on Deepavali !
  • Preparation Time !
  • India’s Rockets : Over The Years
  • Chandrayaan’s Yatra : From the Earth to the Moon