Pramod   Energy Harvesting Project  2008
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Pramod Energy Harvesting Project 2008

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A Concept on various methods to efficiently generate and utilise the power energy through natural resources

A Concept on various methods to efficiently generate and utilise the power energy through natural resources

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Pramod   Energy Harvesting Project  2008 Pramod Energy Harvesting Project 2008 Presentation Transcript

  • PROJECT: ENERGY HARVESTING THROUGH WEARABLE SENSOR NETWORK SYSTEMS
    By
    PRAMOD KUMAR CHENNAMADHAVUNI
  • SYNOPSIS
    • AIM OF THE PROJECT – SIX OF SUCCESS
    • LIMITATIONS OF STORAGE
    • ENERGY HARVESTING SOURCES
    • SOURCE OF ENERGY FOR CONVERSION
    • CONVERTIBLE ENERGY – KINETIC, ELECTRO-MAGNETIC RADIATION & THERMAL
    • NETWORK SYSTEM DESIGN
    • RESEARCH ON NANOSCIENCE PROPERTIES
    • APPLICATION OF WEARABLE SENSOR SYSTEMS
    • BIBLIOGRAPHY REFERENCES
    • SUMMARY
  • AIM OF THE PROJECT – SIX OF SUCCESS
    • To develop energy harvesting nano wearable wireless systems from human user activities, environment and highly efficient electrical circuits to store, extract, convert generated charges into continuous, self regulated, self generative energies by electro-mechanical methods using nano-composite structures
    • To interface human to global ICT through networking
    • To integrate ultra low power body LAN to wide variety of wireless systems by MEMS, NEMS and Piezo designed controls
    • To design and develop sensor networks and mobile devices without battery but with regenerative secondary battery, fuel & chemical cells of nano weight & size
    • To harvest kinetic energy, thermal energy, and electro-magnetic radiation energies of environment, natural resources and human
    • To consider key factors such as vibrations surrounded, temperature gradient, exciting magnitudes, frequency spectra, periodicity, gravimetric and volumetric ratios, surface to volume ratios and other nano properties.
  • LIMITATIONS OF STORAGE
    Battery energy storage capacity
    Only 3 times increase in energy density (Li-ion) till now
    Size and weight factors as volumetric and gravimetric ratios
    Methods to convert, store and capture existing energy
    Utilization of environment and human energies
    To Overcome the Limitations:
    Fuel and chemical cells, natural resource energy(solar/wind etc.)
    Harvesting of energy from human body and environment
    Nano composites with high storage volumes, nano size and nano weight
    Secondary batteries to capture, conserve, convert, regenerate and store the existing surrounded energy
    Discontinuous operation when not in use and vice versa
  • ENERGY HARVESTING SOURCES
    HUMAN
    - Possibility:- Average Human step energy is of 40J and average short RF transmission energy consumes 100microW
    Energy Source: KINETIC
    THERMAL
    -Examples for human energy: shaking of hand, body heat flow into electricity, pressure energy on piezoelectric devices.
    ENVIRONMENT
    Energy Source: KINETIC
    THERMAL
    ELECTRO MAGNETIC RADIATION
    - Examples for environmental energy: Solar power and mechanical vibrations (PZT) – with unlimited regenerative power source for wireless sensors
  • CONVERTIBLE ENERGY-KINETIC
    KINETIC ENERGY (KE)
    • ELECTRICAL ENERGY (EE)
    DISPLACEMENT
    KE
    EE
    DEFORMATION
    PIEZOELECTRIC –
    Mechanical strain proportional to Electrical polarization
    Transducer movement against Electrical field
    electrostatic –
    Magnetic induction –
    Variation in magnetic flux through an electric circuit
  • CONVERTIBLE ENERGY–ELECTRO MAG. RADIATION
    ELECTRO MAGNETIC RADIATION
    LIGHT(SOLAR ENERGY) IRRADIATION
    LOW FREQUENCY RADIATION (RF)
    RF Design:
    Rectifying antenna (rectenna) with a
    schottky diode between antenna dipoles
  • CONVERTIBLE ENERGY - THERMAL
    THERMAL ENERGY
    THERMAL ENERGY  ELECTRICAL ENERGY
    THERMAL - ELECTRICAL Design:
    Thermocouple, p-n type semiconductor, seebeck
    and peltier effect with temperature gradient
  • NETWORK SYSTEM DESIGN
    N E T W O R K S Y S T E M C O M P O N E N T S
    NETWORK SYSTEM COMP
    NETWORK SYSTEM COMP
    INFRASTRUCTURE
    AUTHENTICATION
    AIR MEDIUM
    AIR MEDIUM
    CONNECTIVITY
    ENCRYPTION
    SUBNET ROAMING
    MANAGEMENT CONTROL
    TROUBLESHOOTING
    BASE STATION CONTROL
    BANDWIDTH
    DATABASE
    DATABASE
    WIRELESS
    MIDDLEWARE
    WIRELESS
    MIDDLEWARE
    DISTRIBUTION
    DISTRIBUTION
    SECURITY CONFIGURATION
    N/W MONITORING
    REPORTING ENGINEERING MAINTENANCE
    AIR MEDIUM
    AIR MEDIUM
    N E T W O R K S Y S T E M C O M P O N E N T S
  • RESEARCH ON NANOSCIENCE PROPERTIES
    HIGH ENERGY DENSITY, SELF DISCHARGING CURRENT AND NUMBER OF CYCLES
    WEARABLE NANO-ENERGY HARVESTING DEVICES THROUGH SURROUNDINGS
    NANO SIZE, WEIGHT WITH HIGH DYNAMIC PROPERTIES
    SELF ASSEMBLY, SELF ORGANISATION AND CLEANING
    LARGER SURFACE TO VOLUME RATIO AS THE SIZE GOES DOWN
    LOW GRAVITATIONAL EFFECTS
    MOLECULAR LEVEL INTERACTION
    NANO POLYMER COMPOSITE STRUCTURES
    USER FRIENDLY ENVIRONMENTAL ENERGY HARVESTING AND RE-GENERATIVE NATURAL RESOURCES
  • APPLICATIONS OF WEARABLE SENSOR SYSTEMS
    Pressure:
    Shoe impact, Textile muscle strain, blood, respiration, Piezo-bio sensors, body friction
    Natural Resources: Wind, Solar, Saline, Bio-mass, Rain, Seismic & Oceanic vibrations
    Temperature:
    Body, Rupture, Automobile Engine, Sun, Touchable, Gym, Fast & Rapid acts
    Wireless
    WEARABLE SENSOR SYSTEMS USED IN ENERGY HAVESTING
    Radio Frequency:
    Wii- Wi-Fi, Game controller, media mobile, camera, radio, GSM, GPS, GPRS, Wi-tricity
    Nano-Science:
    Polymer composite cells, chemical/fuel cells, Carbon nano tubes, Organic etc
    Electro-Mechanics
    MEMS/NEMS, Machine/Sound/Waves/Environ.. Vibrations, Sport-event movements
  • BIBLIOGRAPHY REFERENCE
    • M.Billinghurst and T.Starner, “Wearable devices, news ways to manage information,” IEEE Computer 32, pp. 57- 64, January 1999
    • J.Meindl, “Low power microelectronics: retrospect and prospect,” Proceedings of the IEEE 83, pp. 619-635, April 1995
    • S.Angrist, Direct Energy Conversion, Allyn & Bacon, 1982
    • Energy harvesting projects by: AD JosephPervasive Computing, IEEE, Vol. 4, No. 1. (2005), pp. 69-71.
    • Atkin design and development ltd. http://www.windup-powerup.co.uk
    • Saito, Y. et al. Nature 432, 81-87 (2004)
    • Principles of Instrumental Analysis. 6th Edition, 2007. Skoog, Holler, and Crouch. Chapter 1, Sec. 1C-4, Pg. 9.
    • G. Lippman (1881). "Principe de la conservation de l'électricité" (in fr). Annales de chimie et de physique 24: 145. 
    • Electrical Properties of Bone: A Review, Roderic Lakes
    • Robert O. Becker and Andrew A. Marino, Electromagnetism & Life, State University of New York Press, Albany, ISBN 0-87395-560-9Chapter 4: Electrical Properties of Biological Tissue (Piezoelectricity)
    • Pollack, S.R., Korostoff, E., Starkebaum, W. y Lannicone, W. (1979) Micro-electrical studies of stress-generated potentials in bone. in Electrical Properties of Bone and Cartilage, (Edit. Brighton, C.T., Black, J. & Pollack, S.R.), Grune & Stratton, Inc., New York.
    • T.Starner, “Human-powered wearable computing,” IBM Systems Journal 35(3&4),1996
    www.gogle.com; www.sciencedaily.com
    www.nano-tech.com; www.uspatents.com ; www.freeplayenergy.com and more……………website journals
  • SUMMARY
    • SIX AIMS OF THE RESEARCH PROJECT
    • LIMITATIONS OF STORAGE – BATTERY REGENERATION AND CONSERVATION
    • ENERGY HARVESTING SOURCES
    • SOURCE OF ENERGY FOR CONVERSION
    • CONVERTIBLE ENERGY – KINETIC, ELECTRO-MAGNETIC RADIATION & THERMAL
    • NETWORK SYSTEM DESIGN TO COMMUNICATE WITH WIRELESS WORLD
    • RESEARCH ON NANOSCIENCE PROPERTIES
    • APPLICATION OF WEARABLE SENSOR SYSTEMS
    • BIBLIOGRAPHY REFERENCES
    • SUMMARY
    Note: The source and the content of this presentation is based on my personal skills, knowledge, experience and innovation relevant &predictive to nano wonder world possibility by R&D to commercial development and execution
  • THANK YOU
    &
    WELCOME TO
    GREEN REVOLUTION