An artificial brain-like network based on certain mathematical algorithms developed using a numerical computing environment is called as an ‘Artificial Neural Network (ANN)’. Many civil engineering problems which need understanding of physical processes are found to be time consuming and inaccurate to evaluate using conventional approaches. In this regard, many ANNs have been seen as a reliable and practical alternative to solve such problems. Literature review reveals that ANNs have already being used in solving numerous civil engineering problems. This study explains some cases where ANNs have been used and its future scope is also discussed.