Introduction to TinyOS, nesC and TOSSIM Introduction to Hardware TinyOS Installation TinyOS Programming using nesC Simu   ...
Introduction to TinyOS, nesC and TOSSIM Introduction to Hardware TinyOS Installation TinyOS Programming using nesC Simu   ...
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Intoduction to TinyOS, nesC and TOSSIM

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This presentation is prepared for workshop session and is not in detail. You can ask your doubts here or you can email me at prakharbansal1@gmail.com. I'll try to answer to my best.

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Intoduction to TinyOS, nesC and TOSSIM

  1. 1. Introduction to TinyOS, nesC and TOSSIM Introduction to Hardware TinyOS Installation TinyOS Programming using nesC Simu Introduction to TinyOS, nesC and TOSSIM: An Application Perspective Prakhar Bansal Registration No. - 2011CS29 Computer Science and Engineering Department Motilal Nehru National Institute of Technology Allahabad, Allahabad, India January 29, 2013Prakhar Bansal, MNNIT Allahabad 1 / 29TinyOS, nesC and TOSSIM
  2. 2. Introduction to TinyOS, nesC and TOSSIM Introduction to Hardware TinyOS Installation TinyOS Programming using nesC Simu 1 Introduction to TinyOS, nesC and TOSSIM 2 Introduction to Hardware 3 TinyOS Installation 4 TinyOS Programming using nesC Mote-mote Radio Communication Mote-PC Serial Communication 5 Simulation with TOSSIM 6 Troubleshooting TinyOS-2.x versus TinyOS-1.x Troubleshooting TinyOS-2.1.1 Troubleshooting TOSSIM 7 ReferencesPrakhar Bansal, MNNIT Allahabad 2 / 29TinyOS, nesC and TOSSIM
  3. 3. Introduction to TinyOS, nesC and TOSSIM Introduction to Hardware TinyOS Installation TinyOS Programming using nesC SimuWhat is TinyOS? free, open-source, BSD-licensed OS designed for low-power embedded distributed wireless devices used in sensor networks [1]. designed to support the concurrency intensive operations required by networked sensors with minimal hardware requirements. developed by University of California, Berkeley, Intel Research and Crossbow Technology. written in nesC programming language [2].Prakhar Bansal, MNNIT Allahabad 3 / 29TinyOS, nesC and TOSSIM
  4. 4. Introduction to TinyOS, nesC and TOSSIM Introduction to Hardware TinyOS Installation TinyOS Programming using nesC SimuWhat is nesC? network embedded systems C, C optimized to support components and concurrency [3]. component based, event driven programming language used to build application for TinyOS platform. components are wired together to run applications on TinyOS. Programs = software components (connected statically via interfaces).Prakhar Bansal, MNNIT Allahabad 4 / 29TinyOS, nesC and TOSSIM
  5. 5. Introduction to TinyOS, nesC and TOSSIM Introduction to Hardware TinyOS Installation TinyOS Programming using nesC SimuWhat is TOSSIM? simulates entire TinyOS applications [4]. replaces components with simulation implementations. core code = tos/lib/tossim 2 interfaces: c++ and python.Prakhar Bansal, MNNIT Allahabad 5 / 29TinyOS, nesC and TOSSIM
  6. 6. Introduction to TinyOS, nesC and TOSSIM Introduction to Hardware TinyOS Installation TinyOS Programming using nesC SimuIntroduction to HardwareMICAz mote: MPR2400CA Figure: MICAz motePrakhar Bansal, MNNIT Allahabad 6 / 29TinyOS, nesC and TOSSIM
  7. 7. Introduction to TinyOS, nesC and TOSSIM Introduction to Hardware TinyOS Installation TinyOS Programming using nesC SimuMICAz mote 2.4 GHz mote for enabling low-power wireless sensor networks. IEEE 802.15.4 compliant Radio frequency transceiver. radio, resistant to RF interference and provides inherent data security. Atmel128L, low power microcontroller. 51-pin expansion connector. high speed (250 Kbps), hardware security (AES-128). MICAz mote specificationPrakhar Bansal, MNNIT Allahabad 7 / 29TinyOS, nesC and TOSSIM
  8. 8. Introduction to TinyOS, nesC and TOSSIM Introduction to Hardware TinyOS Installation TinyOS Programming using nesC SimuSensor Board: MTS400CAWhat can it sense? acceleration: dual-axis acceleration sensor. atmospheric pressure: barometric pressure sensor. light: ambient light sensor. humidity and temperature: relative humidity and temperature sensor. MTS400CA specificationPrakhar Bansal, MNNIT Allahabad 8 / 29TinyOS, nesC and TOSSIM
  9. 9. Introduction to TinyOS, nesC and TOSSIM Introduction to Hardware TinyOS Installation TinyOS Programming using nesC SimuSensor Board: MDA100CBWhat can it sense? light: light sensor and photocell. 92 unconnected soldering points. 51-pin connector. MDA100CB specificationPrakhar Bansal, MNNIT Allahabad 9 / 29TinyOS, nesC and TOSSIM
  10. 10. Introduction to TinyOS, nesC and TOSSIM Introduction to Hardware TinyOS Installation TinyOS Programming using nesC SimuOther Hardware gateway, mib520 usb cable AA Alkaline batteriesPrakhar Bansal, MNNIT Allahabad 10 / 29TinyOS, nesC and TOSSIM
  11. 11. Introduction to TinyOS, nesC and TOSSIM Introduction to Hardware TinyOS Installation TinyOS Programming using nesC SimuTinyOS InstallationTinyOS-2.1.1: Installation Steps for ubuntu linux 1 Add “deb http://tinyos.standard.edu/tinyos/dists/ubuntu [CODENAME] main” in /etc/opt/sources.list OR add using synaptic [5]. 2 To check linux codename use; lsb release − a command. 3 sudo apt-get update OR through synaptic. 4 synaptic; tinyos-2.1.1 install path: /opt/tinyos-2.1.1 5 Add “source /opt/tinyos-2.1.1/tinyos.sh”line in ∼/.bashrc or ∼/.profile (superuser). 6 compile tinyos.jar and change permissions.Prakhar Bansal, MNNIT Allahabad 11 / 29TinyOS, nesC and TOSSIM
  12. 12. Introduction to TinyOS, nesC and TOSSIM Introduction to Hardware TinyOS Installation TinyOS Programming using nesC SimuTinyOS Programming using nesCBlink Application make micaz install mib520,serial port make micaz install mib520,/dev/ttyUSB0 change permissions.Prakhar Bansal, MNNIT Allahabad 12 / 29TinyOS, nesC and TOSSIM
  13. 13. Introduction to TinyOS, nesC and TOSSIM Introduction to Hardware TinyOS Installation TinyOS Programming using nesC SimuUnderstanding Blink ApplicationTinyOS Boot Sequence understanding BlinkAppC.nc and BlinkC.nc Interfaces: Init.nc, Scheduler.nc and Boot.nc Configuration file: RealMainC.nc and module MainC.nc LedsC.ncPrakhar Bansal, MNNIT Allahabad 13 / 29TinyOS, nesC and TOSSIM
  14. 14. Introduction to TinyOS, nesC and TOSSIM Introduction to Hardware TinyOS Installation TinyOS Programming using nesC SimuDocumentation of TinyOS Programs make micaz docs tinyos-2.1.1/doc/nesdocPrakhar Bansal, MNNIT Allahabad 14 / 29TinyOS, nesC and TOSSIM
  15. 15. Introduction to TinyOS, nesC and TOSSIM Introduction to Hardware TinyOS Installation TinyOS Programming using nesC SimuMote-mote Radio CommunicationMote-mote Radio Communication BlinktoRadio and BaseStation communications.Prakhar Bansal, MNNIT Allahabad 15 / 29TinyOS, nesC and TOSSIM
  16. 16. Introduction to TinyOS, nesC and TOSSIM Introduction to Hardware TinyOS Installation TinyOS Programming using nesC SimuMote-PC Serial CommunicationMote-PC Serial CommunicationTestSerial mote will send data to PC on a serial-port. java net.tinyos.tools.Listen -comm serial@/dev/ttyUSB0:micaz java net.tinyos.sf.SerialForwarder -comm serial@/dev/ttyUSB0:micaz java TestSerial Packet format: Figure: MICAz motePrakhar Bansal, MNNIT Allahabad 16 / 29TinyOS, nesC and TOSSIM
  17. 17. Introduction to TinyOS, nesC and TOSSIM Introduction to Hardware TinyOS Installation TinyOS Programming using nesC SimuMote-PC Serial CommunicationMIG-tool: Message Interface Generator /tests/TestSerial compile java files java net.tinyos.tools.MsgReader -comm serial@/dev/ttyUSB1:micaz TestSerialMsgPrakhar Bansal, MNNIT Allahabad 17 / 29TinyOS, nesC and TOSSIM
  18. 18. Introduction to TinyOS, nesC and TOSSIM Introduction to Hardware TinyOS Installation TinyOS Programming using nesC SimuMote-PC Serial CommunicationBlinktoRadio/BaseStation BlinktoRadio motes sends data to BaseStation.Prakhar Bansal, MNNIT Allahabad 18 / 29TinyOS, nesC and TOSSIM
  19. 19. Introduction to TinyOS, nesC and TOSSIM Introduction to Hardware TinyOS Installation TinyOS Programming using nesC SimuMote-PC Serial CommunicationOscilloscope SENSORBOARD=basicb/micasb make micaz install,1 mib510,/dev/ttyUSB0 Reading the sensor readings using GUI application.Prakhar Bansal, MNNIT Allahabad 19 / 29TinyOS, nesC and TOSSIM
  20. 20. Introduction to TinyOS, nesC and TOSSIM Introduction to Hardware TinyOS Installation TinyOS Programming using nesC SimuSimulation with TOSSIM simulates entire TinyOS application [4] TinyOS library works by replacing components with simulation implementations core code = tos/lib/tossim currently for micaz motes only RadioCountToLeds make micaz sim writes xml schemaPrakhar Bansal, MNNIT Allahabad 20 / 29TinyOS, nesC and TOSSIM
  21. 21. Introduction to TinyOS, nesC and TOSSIM Introduction to Hardware TinyOS Installation TinyOS Programming using nesC SimuRunning TOSSIM with Python from TOSSIM import * t=Tossim([]) t.runNextEvent() m=t.getNode(32); m.bootAtTime(45654); t.runNextEvent() m.isOn() m.turnOff() dir(t)Prakhar Bansal, MNNIT Allahabad 21 / 29TinyOS, nesC and TOSSIM
  22. 22. Introduction to TinyOS, nesC and TOSSIM Introduction to Hardware TinyOS Installation TinyOS Programming using nesC SimuPrinting using debugging statements RadioCountToLeds; modify Boot.booted() dbg(“Boot”, “Application booted”); import sys t.addChannel(“Boot”, sys.stdout); t.addChannel(“RadioCountToLedsC”, sys.stdout); t.runNextEvent()Prakhar Bansal, MNNIT Allahabad 22 / 29TinyOS, nesC and TOSSIM
  23. 23. Introduction to TinyOS, nesC and TOSSIM Introduction to Hardware TinyOS Installation TinyOS Programming using nesC SimuConfiguring a Network from TOSSIM import * t = Tossim([]) r = t.radio() dir(r) r.add(src, dest, gain) r.connected(src, dest) r.gain(src, dest) r.threshold() r.setThreshold(val) creating a topology from filePrakhar Bansal, MNNIT Allahabad 23 / 29TinyOS, nesC and TOSSIM
  24. 24. Introduction to TinyOS, nesC and TOSSIM Introduction to Hardware TinyOS Installation TinyOS Programming using nesC SimuAdding a Noise tos/lib/tossim/noise uses createNoiseModel() meyer-heavy.txt for node number i; t.getNode(i).addNoiseTraceReading(val) for node number i; t.getNode(i).createNoiseModel() t.getNode(1).bootAtTime(100001); t.runNextEvent() running directly from filePrakhar Bansal, MNNIT Allahabad 24 / 29TinyOS, nesC and TOSSIM
  25. 25. Introduction to TinyOS, nesC and TOSSIM Introduction to Hardware TinyOS Installation TinyOS Programming using nesC SimuTinyOS-2.x versus TinyOS-1.xTinyOS-2.x versus TinyOS-1.x Replacement of Tinyviz (used in TinyOS-1.x) no make pc, its make micaz sim currently only for micaz motesPrakhar Bansal, MNNIT Allahabad 25 / 29TinyOS, nesC and TOSSIM
  26. 26. Introduction to TinyOS, nesC and TOSSIM Introduction to Hardware TinyOS Installation TinyOS Programming using nesC SimuTroubleshooting TinyOS-2.1.1Troubleshooting TinyOS-2.1.1 lots of problem in setting paths and environment variables. need to compile tinyos.jar changing permissions of serial ports do verify serial port changing permissions of tinyos.jar may be their is no class file in the folder, when running some .class file, need to run makePrakhar Bansal, MNNIT Allahabad 26 / 29TinyOS, nesC and TOSSIM
  27. 27. Introduction to TinyOS, nesC and TOSSIM Introduction to Hardware TinyOS Installation TinyOS Programming using nesC SimuTroubleshooting TOSSIMTroubleshooting TOSSIM change in python version in /opt/tinyos − 2.1.1/tos/lib/tossim/tossim wrap.cxxPrakhar Bansal, MNNIT Allahabad 27 / 29TinyOS, nesC and TOSSIM
  28. 28. Introduction to TinyOS, nesC and TOSSIM Introduction to Hardware TinyOS Installation TinyOS Programming using nesC SimuReferences TinyOS http://www.tinyos.net. TinyOS http: //docs.tinyos.net/tinywiki/index.php/Main_Page. nesC http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/NesC. TOSSIM Simulation http://www.tinyos.net/dist-2.0.0/doc/html/ tutorial/lesson11.html. TinyOS Installation http://docs.tinyos.net/tinywiki/index.php/Getting_ started.Prakhar Bansal, MNNIT Allahabad 28 / 29TinyOS, nesC and TOSSIM
  29. 29. Introduction to TinyOS, nesC and TOSSIM Introduction to Hardware TinyOS Installation TinyOS Programming using nesC Simu Thankyou Questions Please?Prakhar Bansal, MNNIT Allahabad 29 / 29TinyOS, nesC and TOSSIM
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