The Great Dictator … Chaplin's first dialogue picture, The Great Dictator (1940), was an act of defiance against German dictator Adolf Hitler and Nazism, filmed and released in the United States one year before the U.S. abandoned its policy of neutrality to enter World War II. Chaplin played the role of "Adenoid Hynkel", Dictator of Tomania, clearly modeled on Hitler. The film also showcased comediann Jack Oakie as "Benzino Napaloni", dictator of Bacteria. The Napaloni character was clearly a jab at Italian dictator Benito Mussolini and Fascism . He was nominated for producing, writing and acting in The Great Dictator .
Politics … Chaplin with Mahatma Gandhi in Canning Town, London, 1931. Apart from the controversial 1942 speeches, Chaplin declined to support the war effort as he had done for the First World War which led to public anger, although his two sons saw service in the Army in Europe. For most of World War II he was fighting serious criminal and civil charges related to his involvement with actress Joan Barry . After the war, the critical view towards capitalism in his 1947 black comedy , Monsieur Verdoux led to increased hostility, with the film being the subject of protests in many U.S. cities. As a result, Chaplin's final American film, Limelight , was less political and more autobiographical in nature. His following European-made film, A Kind in New York (1957), satirized the political persecution and paranoia that had forced him to leave the U.S. five years earlier. After this film, Chaplin lost interest in making overt political statements, later saying that comedians and clowns should be "above politics“.
• Chaplin won one Oscar for the Academy Award for Original Music Score , and was given two honorary Academy Awards. . • In 1972, Chaplin won an Oscar for the Best Music in an Original Dramatic Score for the 1952 film Limelight which also was a great hit, which co-starred Claire Bloom. • Chaplin was also nominated for Best Comedy Director for The Circus in 1929, for Best Picture, Best Actor, Best Original Screenplay (although the Academy no longer lists these nominations in their official records because he received a Special Award instead of being included in the final voting for the competitive ones), Best Original Screenplay and Best Actor for The Great Dictator in 1940, and again for Best Original Screenplay for Monsieur Verdoux in 1948. . • Chaplin's second honorary award came forty-four years later in 1972, and was for "the incalculable effect he has had in making motion pictures the art form of this century". He came out of his exile to accept his award, and received the longest standing ovation in Academy Award history, lasting a full five minutes. Awards …
On 23 October 1918, Chaplin, age 29, married the popular child-actress, Mildred Harris , who was 16. They had one son, Norman Spencer Chaplin (also known as "The Little Mouse") on 7 July 1919, who died three days later. Chaplin separated from Harris by late 1919, moving back into the Los Angeles Athletic Club . The couple divorced in November 1920, with Harris getting some of their community property and a US$100,000 settlement given two honorary Academy Awards.
Chaplin first met Lita Grey during the filming of The Kid . Three years later, at age 35, he became involved with the then 16-year-old Grey during preparations for The Gold Rush in which she was to star as the female lead. They married on 26 November 1924. They had two sons, the actors Charles Chaplin Jr. (1925–1968) and Sydney Earle Chaplin (1926–2009). The marriage was a disaster, with the couple hopelessly mismatched. The couple divorced on 22 August 1927. Their extra-ordinarily bitter divorce had Chaplin paying Grey a then-record-breaking US$825,000 settlement, on top of almost one million dollars in legal costs.
Chaplin and actress Paulette Goddard were involved in a romantic and professional relationship between 1932 and 1940, with Goddard living with Chaplin in his Beverly Hills home for most of this time.
Chaplin "discovered" Goddard and gave her starring roles in Modern Times and The Great Dictator . Refusal to clarify their marital status is often claimed to have eliminated Goddard from final consideration for the role of Scarlett O'Hara in Gone with the wind. After the relationship ended in 1940, Chaplin and Goddard made public statements that they had been secretly married in 1936; but these claims were likely a mutual effort to prevent any lasting damage to Goddard's career. In any case, their relationship ended amicably in 1942, with Goddard being granted a settlement.
During Chaplin's legal trouble over the Barry affair, he met Oona O’Neill , daughter of Eugene O’Neill and married her on 16 June 1943. He was fifty-four; she had just turned eighteen. The elder O'Neill strongly disapproved of the engagement, and refused all contact with Oona after the marriage, up until his death in 1977. The marriage was a long and happy one, with eight children. They had three sons: Christopher, Eugene and Michael Chaplin and five daughters: Geraldine, Josephine, Jane, Victoria and Annette-Emily Chaplin. Chaplin's last child was born when he was 73 years old. Oona survived Chaplin by fourteen years. She died from pancreatic cancer in 1991.
Children … 6 Jul. 1962 Christopher James Chaplin 3 Dec. 1959 Annette Emily Chaplin 23 May 1957 Jane Cecil Chaplin 23 Aug. 1953 Eugene Anthony Chaplin 19 May 1951 Victoria Chaplin 28 Mar. 1949 Josephine Hannah Chaplin 7 Mar. 1946 Michael John Chaplin Mother Oona O’Neill 1 Aug. 1944 Geraldine Leigh Chaplin 3 Mar. 2009 31 Mar. 1926 Sydney Earle Chaplin Mother Lita Grey 20 Mar. 1968 5 May 1925 Charles Spencer Chaplin Jr. Mother Mildred Harris 10 Jul. 1919 7 Jul. 1919 Norman Spencer Chaplin Notes Date of death Date of birth Child
Chaplin's robust health began to slowly fail in the late 1960s, after the completion of his final film A Countess from Hong Kong , and more rapidly after he received his Academy Award in 1972. By 1977 he had difficulty communicating, and began using a wheelchair. He died in his sleep in Vevey, Switzerland on 25 December 1977. He was interred in Corsier-Sur-Vevey Cemetery, Vaud, Switzerland. On 1 March 1978, his corpse was stolen by a small group of Swiss mechanics in an attempt to extort money from his family. The plot failed, the robbers were captured, and the corpse was recovered eleven weeks later near Lake Geneva. His body was reburied under two metres of concrete to prevent further attempts. Death …