Charlie part 1


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Charlie part 1

  1. 1. Charlie Chaplin
  2. 2. Sir Charles Spencer Chaplin was born on 16th April 1889 at Walworth, London. He died on Christmas Day, 25th Dec. 1977 at Vevey, Switzerland in his sleep at the age of 88.
  3. 3. Sir Charles Chaplin was considered as one of the finest mimes and a noted director. He acted, directed, scripted, produced and even scored his own movies. His best known character, The Tramp, was a vagrant with refined manners. His signature toothbrush moustache was his trademark. In his earliest films he developed Tramp character which was first presented publicly in second film "Kid Auto Race at Venice," released on February 7, 1914.
  4. 4. Chaplin was one of the most creative and influential personalities of the silent-film era. His working life in entertainment spanned over 75 years, from the Victorian stage and the Music Hall in the United Kingdom as a child performer almost until his death. His high- profile public and private life encompassed both adulation and controversy.
  5. 5. In a review of the 2008 book Chaplin: A Life, Martin Sieff writes: "Chaplin was not just 'big', he was gigantic. In 1915, he gave the gift of comedy, laughter and relief to the world at the time of World War. Over the next 25 years, through the Great Depression and the rise of Hitler, he stayed on the job. It is doubtful any individual has ever given more entertainment, pleasure and relief to so many human beings when they needed it the most. . He was bigger than anybody…
  6. 6. Bronze Statue at Waterville, County Kerry As immigrant groups arrived in waves to America silent movies were able to cross all the barriers of language, and spoke to every level of the American Tower of Babel, precisely because they were silent. Chaplin was emerging as the supreme exponent of silent movies, an emigrant himself from London.
  7. 7. Chaplin parents were both entertainers in the music hall tradition. Early Life … Chaplin’s father Charles Spencer Chaplin Sr. was a vocalist and an actor and his mother, Hannah Chaplin, a singer and an actress. They separated before Charlie was Three. He learned singing from his parents. . Chaplin’s father was an alcoholic and had a little contact with his son. His father died of alcoholism when Charlie was twelve in 1901.
  8. 8. Chaplin’s mother first crisis came in 1894 when she was performing at The Canteen, a theatre in Aldershot. The theatre was mainly frequented by rioters and soldiers. She was badly injured by the objects the audience threw on her and she was booed off the stage. Backstage she cried and argued with her manager. Meanwhile, the five year old Chaplin went on stage alone and sang a well known tune at that time, “Jack Jones”. . His early years of desperate poverty were a great influence on his characters. His mother died in 1928 in Hollywood.
  9. 9. Pioneering Film Artist … Chaplin’s earliest films were made for Mack Sennett’s Keystone Studios, where he developed his tramp character and very quickly learned the art and craft of Film making. The public first saw the tramp when Chaplin was of 24. Mack Sennett had requested that Chaplin “get into a comedy make-up”. As Chaplin recalled in his autobiography: “I had no idea what make-up to put on. I did not like my get-up as the press reporter (Making a Living). However on the way to the wardrobe I thought I would dress in baggy pants, big shoes, a cane and a derby hat. I wanted everything to be a contradiction: the pants baggy, the coat tight, the hat small and the shoes large. I was undecided whether to look old or young, but remembering Sennett had expected me to be a much older man, I added a small moustache, which I reasoned, would add age without hiding my expression. I had no idea of the character. But the moment I was dressed, the clothes and the makeup made me feel the person he was. I began to know him, and by the time I walked on stage he was fully born."
  10. 10. Chaplin's films were also deliciously subversive. The bumbling officials enabled the immigrants to laugh at those they feared. In 1916, the Mutual Film Corporation paid Chaplin US$670,000 to produce a dozen two-reel comedies. He was given near complete artistic control, and produced twelve films over an eighteen-month period that rank among the most influential comedy films in cinema. Practically every Mutual comedy is a classic: Easy Street, One AM, The Pawnshop, and The Adventurer are perhaps the best known.
  11. 11. Chaplin never spoke more than cursorily about his filmmaking methods, claiming such a thing would be tantamount to a magician spoiling his own illusion. Chaplin's unique filmaking techniques became known only after his death, when his rare surviving outakes and cut sequences were carefully examined in the 1983 British documentary Unknown Chaplin. This is one reason why Chaplin took so much longer to complete his films than did his rivals. In addition, Chaplin was an incredibly exacting director, showing his actors exactly how he wanted them to perform and shooting scores of takes until he had the shot he wanted. (Animator Chuck Jones, who lived near Charlie Chaplin's Lone Star studio as a boy, remembered his father saying he watched Chaplin shoot a scene more than a hundred Film Making Techniques …