Mangalyaan
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A milestone voyage to the red planet.....

A milestone voyage to the red planet.....

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Mangalyaan Presentation Transcript

  • 1. MANGALYAAN
  • 2. BRIEF HISTORY • The government of india approved the project on 3 August 2012. • The spacecraft structure and propulsion hardware configurations are similar to Chandrayaan 1, India's first successful robotic lunar probe . • If successful, ISRO would become the fourth space agency to reach Mars, after Roscosmos NASA and ESA
  • 3. OBJECTIVES • Design and realisation of a Mars orbiter with a capability to perform Earth bound maneuvers, cruise phase of 300 days, Mars orbit insertion / capture, and on-orbit phase around Mars. • Deep space communication, navigation, mission planning and management. • Incorporate autonomous features to handle contingency situations. • The secondary objectives are scientific, and include the study of Mars surface features, morphology, mineralogy and the Martian atmosphere.
  • 4. LAUNCH AND ORBIT • launch will place from sriharikota and the Mars Orbiter will be placed into Earth orbit, then six engine firings will raise that orbit to one with an apogee of 215,000 km and a perigee of 600 km, where it will remain for about 25 days. • A final firing in 30 November 2013 will send MOM onto an interplanetary trajectory. • Mars orbit insertion is planned for 21 September 2014 and would allow the spacecraft to enter a highly elliptical orbit of 372 km x 80,000 km around Mars.
  • 5. TRAJECTORY
  • 6. MARS ORBIT MATCH
  • 7. PSLV(POLAR SATELLITE LAUNCH VEHICLE) • The Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle commonly known by its abbreviation PSLV, is an expendable launch system developed and operated by the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO). It was developed to allow India to launch its Indian Remote Sensing (IRS) satellites into sun synchronous orbits
  • 8. CONSTRUCTION
  • 9. EXPLODED VIEW
  • 10. PAYLOAD • The 15 kg (33 lb) scientific payload consists of five instruments: • Atmospheric studies LymanAlpha Photometer (LAP) — — Measuring the deuterium/hydrogen ratio will allow to estimate the process of water loss to outer space. • Methane Sensor For Mars (MSM) to check for methane in the atmosphere of Mars, if any, and map its sources.
  • 11. • Mars Exospheric Neutral Composition Analyzer (MENCA) — is a quadrupole mass analyzer capable of analyzing the neutral composition of particles in the exosphere. • Surface imaging studies Thermal Infrared Imaging Spectrometer (TIS) — will measure the temperature and emissivity of the Martian surface, this can allow mapping surface composition and mineralogy of Mars. • Mars Colour Camera (MCC) — will provide images in the visual spectrum, providing context information for the other science instruments
  • 12. MARS ORBITOR
  • 13. TRACKING • The Indian Deep Space Network will perform navigation and tracking operations of this mission, and NASA's Deep Space Network will provide support services during the non-visible period of the Indian Deep Space Network. The signals from the orbiter take as much as 20 min to reach earth • Also some of the ships positioned in south pacific ocean will also track and coordinate the spacecraft
  • 14. MISSION COST • The government of India approved the project on 3 August 2012,after the Indian Space Research Organization completed 1.25 billion (US$19 million) of required studies for the orbiter. The total project cost may be up to 4.54 billion (US$69 million).
  • 15. SUMMARY