Group 1 10th-b mcb (1)

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  • 1. BY : GROUP – 1 X – B HEALTH AND MEDICINE
  • 2. NITYA CHOPHLA PRAGYA MAHAJAN DRISHTI JAIN RAGHUVIR GUMBER BHARAT AGGARWAL AKSHITA SHARMA JAHANVI CHAUHAN
  • 3.  Health is defined as a state of complete physical, mental and social well being and not merely absence of any disease  Medicine is the science and art of healing humans. It includes a variety of health care practices evolved to maintain and restore health by prevention and treatment of illness.
  • 4.  Balanced diet  Regular exercise  Yoga and meditation  Good sleep  Happy surroundings  Hygienic living conditions  Avoiding junk food  Avoiding alcohol
  • 5. Sleep plays a vital role in good health and well-being throughout your life. Getting enough quality sleep at the right times can help protect your mental health, physical health, quality of life, and safety. The way you feel while you're awake depends in part on what happens while you're sleeping. During sleep, your body is working to support healthy brain function and maintain your physical health. In children and teens, sleep also helps support growth and development. Ongoing sleep deficiency can raise your risk for some chronic health problems. It also can affect how well you think, react, work, learn, and get along with others. Sleep helps your brain work properly. While you're sleeping, your brain is preparing for the next day. It's forming new pathways to help you learn and remember information. Sleep also helps you pay attention, make decisions, and be creative. If you're sleep deficient, you may have trouble making decisions, solving problems, controlling your emotions and behavior, and coping with change. Sleep deficiency also has been linked to depression, suicide, and risk-taking behavior. Children and teens who are sleep deficient may have problems getting along with others. They may feel angry and impulsive, have mood swings, feel sad or depressed, or lack motivation. They also may have problems paying attention, and they may get lower grades and feel stressed. Sleep plays an important role in your physical health. Sleep is involved in healing and repair of your heart and blood vessels. Ongoing sleep deficiency is linked to an increased risk of heart disease, kidney disease, high blood pressure, diabetes, and stroke. Sleep also supports healthy growth and development. Deep sleep triggers the body to release the hormone that promotes normal growth in children and teens. This hormone also boosts muscle mass and helps repair cells and tissues in children, teens, and adults. Your immune system relies on sleep to stay healthy. Ongoing sleep deficiency can change the way in which your immune system responds.
  • 6. Sleep deprivation is a condition that occurs if you don't get enough sleep or you sleep at the wrong time of day or you don't sleep well or get all of the different types of sleep that your body needs or you have a sleep disorder that prevents you from getting enough sleep or causes poor quality sleep. Sleeping is a basic human need, like eating, drinking, and breathing. Like these other needs, sleeping is a vital part of the foundation for good health and well-being throughout your lifetime. Sleep deficiency can lead to physical and mental health problems, injuries and loss of productivity. If you aren't getting enough sleep, are sleeping at the wrong times, or have poor quality sleep, you'll likely feel very tired during the day. You may not feel refreshed and alert when you wake up. Sleep deficiency can interfere with work, school, driving, and social functioning. You might have trouble learning, focusing, and reacting. Also, you might find it hard to judge other people's emotions and reactions. Sleep deficiency also can make you feel frustrated, cranky, or worried in social situations. Sleep deficiency is linked to many chronic health problems, including heart disease, kidney disease, high blood pressure, diabetes, stroke, obesity, and depression.
  • 7.  As far considered laughter is not a cure to any serious disease but yes it helps an individual fight diseases. A person who lives happily is less prone to diseases as compared to a person who is not so happy. Studies have shown that laughter causes the body to respond in a way similar to moderate physical exercise, enhances your mood, decreases stress hormones, enhances immune activity, lowers bad cholesterol and systolic blood pressure, and raises good cholesterol (HDL).  Laughter, along with an active sense of humor, may help protect you against a heart attack, according to a recent study people with heart disease were 40 percent less likely to laugh in a variety of situations compared to people of the same age without heart disease."The old saying that 'laughter is the best medicine,' definitely appears to be true when it comes to protecting your heart," laughing protects the heart as it increase the blood flow and prevent cardiovascular diseases.  So many tangles in life are ultimately hopeless unless we have no appropriate sword that is laughter. Laughter can dissolves distressing emotions like anger,sadness etc. also it help to relax and recharge your mind and help us keep a positive prospective in life. It keeps us
  • 8.  Laughter yoga is a practice involving prolonged voluntary laughter. Laughter yoga is based on the belief that voluntary laughter provides the same physiological and psychological benefits as spontaneous laughter. Laughter yoga is done in groups, with eye contact and playfulness between participants. Forced laughter soon turns into real and contagious laughter. Laughter yoga does not involve humor or comedy.  A handful of small-scale scientific studies have indicated that LaughterYoga may potentially have some medically beneficial effects, including benefits to cardiovascular health and mood. Benefits to mood in depressed patients have been found to be as good as exercise therapy.Further scientific testing of LaughterYoga is required before any conclusions about its medical usefulness can be drawn. Some LaughterYoga practitioners have made claims about the efficacy of LaughterYoga as a means for helping to treat or reducing risk factors for allergies and asthma, arthritis, diabetes[and a variety of other medical conditions. However these claims are usually poorly cited and not properly scientifically tested.
  • 9. Stress is a state of tension that is created when a person responds to the demands and pressures that come from work, family and other external sources, as well as those that are internally generated from self imposed demands, obligations and self-criticism. Stress is both additive and cumulative. It adds up over time until a state of crisis is reached and symptoms appear. These symptoms may manifest themselves psychologically as irritability, anxiety, impaired concentration, mental confusion, poor judgment, frustration and anger. They may appear as physical symptoms. Common physical symptoms of stress include: muscle tension, headaches, low back pain, insomnia and high blood pressure. Untreated, these symptoms may lead to physical illness and sometimes death.
  • 10. Nowadays people are very prone to medicines. They have become a complimentary part of their routine but these medicines have a lot of side effects. Short term effects can be a lack of interest, slow and shallow breathing, nausea and constipation. Also you can suffer from light headaches and a temporary sense of well- being. Long term effects are liver damage, addiction and muscle rigidity.
  • 11. There are many benefits to be had from undergoing one of these forms of natural therapies. Many of these therapies, such as herbal medicine, homoeopathy, andTraditional Chinese Medicine, use natural plants and essences taken from the earth in order to heal any problems or disharmonies within the body. These are safe remedies that are mixed to the precise specification of the individual, and have no side effects. Flower essences are fantastic for helping to heal any emotional disharmonies that are currently occurring within the body. These essences, which can actually be self-prescribed, can help with emotions ranging from anger to fear. By neutralising or ridding ourselves of these emotions, we can actually be helping to avoid becoming ill in the future.
  • 12. 1. Aloe Vera – Antibacterial, anti-fungal, antiviral, wound and burn healer, natural laxative, soothes stomach, helps skin disorders. 2. Basil – Powerful antispasmodic, antiviral, anti-infectious, antibacterial, soothes stomach. 3. Cinnamon – It has been proven that 99.9% of viruses and bacteria can not live in the presence of cinnamon. So it makes a great antibacterial and antiviral weapon. 4. Clove Bud – Improves the immune system, they are also an antioxidant and doubles as an antibacterial and antimicrobial fighter. 5. Eucalyptus – Anti-infectious, antibacterial and antiviral. 6. Garlic – Helps fight infection, detoxifies the body, enhances immunity, lowers blood fats, assists yeast infections, helps asthma, cancer, sinusitis, circulatory problems and heart conditions. 7. Ginger – Helps nausea, motion sickness and vomiting, useful for circulatory problems, good for indigestion, and is also an effective antioxidant. 8. Lavender – Assists with burns, antiseptic, used as a stress reliever, good for depression, aids skin health and beauty. 9. Pine – Antidiabetic, cortisone-like, severe infections, hypertensive 10. Rosewood – Anti-infectious, antibacterial, and antiviral.
  • 13. We know that if we don’t have breakfast in the morning we will have an unhealthy body and it won’t function well. Warming up is very important especially in daily basis because, it helps build up our muscles and raise our heart rate. The Muscle Stretching Routine helps increase your speed and strength. Each exercise is important for any athletic routine. We should have sleep at least for 9-12 hours daily because lack of sleeping doesn’t give you a healthy brain or a healthy body. Sleeping refreshes your mind and also your brain as it helps you to concentrate well in class. Especially during exams we should sleep early because it helps you easily to remember the things you memorized before. Being on a healthy diet is good for the health, as it allows you to lose weight. Sometimes diet can be bad if you decrease the amount of food daily because it is important to have three meals daily. Healthy food contains eggs, milk, cheese and etc… Junk food contains fats which makes you gain weight if you increase the usual amount. Also being fit is part of a having a healthy body, we should always do some exercises at least run twice around the track that’s exercising your feet and it increases your running ability too. Eight minutes of exercising should be enough. So we should take care of our body and eat healthy, sleep early, and exercise daily. In that way we could make a change in ourselves and be healthy and not just that but our mind will be healthier and we will be able to think faster and our brain will work well. That’s why sleeping early, making sure we eat the right food, exercise every day, and sleep well. That’s why sleeping early, making sure we eat the right food, exercise every day, and sleep well. If you don’t follow these every day you might face some consequences in your health or even your body.
  • 14.  Active teens are healthy teens, but some kinds of activities may be better than others.  New research published Monday in the journal Pediatrics suggests that team sports may be better at keeping kids' weight down than biking or walking to school.  Study authors from Dartmouth College looked at the influence sports, physical education and commuting to school had on adolescents and their weight.  Investigators surveyed more than 1,700 high school students by phone and asked them how much they participated in team sports, what other forms of physical activity they were involved in and their height and weight. The study found those kids who played on three or more sports teams in a year, were 27% less likely to be overweight, and 39% less likely to be obese than those teens who did not play team sports. They also found biking or walking to school had less of an effect on a student's weight - although it did reduce their likelihood of being obese.  “We estimated that the prevalence of obesity would decrease by 22% if all adolescents walked or biked to school four to five days per week,” said Keith Drake, a Postdoctoral Research Fellow with the Hood Center for Children and Families at the Geisel School of Medicine at Dartmouth.  Drake's research also found that P.E. classes for teens seemed to have little effect on their weight.  “Active commuting was not associated with a lower risk of being overweight, which suggests that it may be protective only for adolescents who are already overweight or obese. We were surprised by this finding, as previous studies of active travel have failed to detect an inverse relationship with weight status."  Researchers believe playing high school sports, which usually involve regular practices and competitions, reduces a child's chances of having a weight problem because of the strenuous and consistent workouts. Therefore, study authors conclude, increasing a child's opportunity to play sports, even if they are not gifted athletes, should be a priority, especially for teens and children entering middle school or high school.  “Increasing sport participation in adolescents who do not play sports, are not athletic, or just not competitive may be challenging," Drake acknowledged. “Because our estimates suggest that increasing sports participation among these adolescents would lead to the largest reduction in obesity, expanding non-competitive athletic opportunities, such as club sports and intramurals, should be prioritized.”
  • 15.  Obesity has a far-ranging negative effect on health. Each year obesity-related conditions cost over 150 billion dollars and cause an estimated 300,000 premature deaths in the US.The health effects associated with obesity include, but are not limited to, the following:  High blood pressure - additional fat tissue in the body needs oxygen and nutrients in order to live, which requires the blood vessels to circulate more blood to the fat tissue.This increases the workload of the heart because it must pump more blood through additional blood vessels. More circulating blood also means more pressure on the artery walls. Higher pressure on the artery walls increases the blood pressure. In addition, extra weight can raise the heart rate and reduce the body's ability to transport blood through the vessels.  Diabetes - obesity is the major cause of type 2 diabetes.This type of diabetes usually begins in adulthood but, is now actually occurring in children. Obesity can cause resistance to insulin, the hormone that regulates blood sugar.When obesity causes insulin resistance, the blood sugar becomes elevated. Even moderate obesity dramatically increases the risk of diabetes.  Heart disease - atherosclerosis (hardening of the arteries) is present 10 times more often in obese people compared to those who are not obese. Coronary artery disease is also more prevalent because fatty deposits build up in arteries that supply the heart. Narrowed arteries and reduced blood flow to the heart can cause chest pain (angina) or a heart attack. Blood clots can also form in narrowed arteries and cause a stroke.  Metabolic syndrome - the national cholesterol education program has identified metabolic syndrome as a complex risk factor for cardiovascular disease. Metabolic syndrome consists of six major components: abdominal obesity, elevated blood cholesterol, elevated blood pressure, insulin resistance with or without glucose intolerance, elevation of certain blood components that indicate inflammation, and elevation of certain clotting factors in the blood. In the US, approximately one-third of overweight or obese persons exhibit metabolic syndrome.  Psychosocial effects - in a culture where often the ideal of physical attractiveness is to be overly thin, people who are overweight or obese frequently suffer disadvantages. Overweight and obese persons are often blamed for their condition and may be considered to be lazy or weak-willed. It is not uncommon for overweight or obese conditions to result in persons having lower incomes or having fewer or no romantic relationships. Disapproval of overweight persons expressed by some individuals may progress to bias, discrimination, and even torment.
  • 16. Every system of the human body relies on a healthy lifestyle to function properly. The cardiovascular, musculoskeletal, immune and other body systems depend on a steady supply of vitamins, minerals, protein, carbohydrates and fat to fuel metabolism and cell development. Exercise is vital to the health of muscles and bones, and physical activity burns excess calories and unwanted fat.