Directing can lead to……
Introduction…. <ul><li>Directing/Direction is a function of management performed by top level management in order to achie...
Meaning and Definition <ul><li>Direction consists of the process and techniques utilized in issuing instructions and makin...
Directing involve…..  <ul><li>Telling people what is to be done and explaining how to do it. </li></ul><ul><li>Issuing ins...
Features of Direction <ul><li>Deals with People </li></ul><ul><li>Performance Oriented </li></ul><ul><li>Pervasive Functio...
Element of Direction <ul><li>Communication </li></ul><ul><li>Leadership </li></ul><ul><li>Motivation </li></ul><ul><li>Sup...
Significance of Direction <ul><li>Initiate Action </li></ul><ul><li>Ensuring efficiency </li></ul><ul><li>Achieving Organi...
Principle of Direction
Process of Direction <ul><li>Defining the objective </li></ul><ul><li>Organizing the efforts </li></ul><ul><li>Measuring t...
Techniques of Direction <ul><li>Consultative Direction </li></ul><ul><li>Free rein Direction </li></ul><ul><li>Autocratic ...
Effective Delegation…… <ul><li>Knowledge of work </li></ul><ul><li>Knowledge of bye-laws (policies) </li></ul><ul><li>Skil...
Communication
Meaning and Definition <ul><li>“ Communication” word has been derived from Latin word “Communis” which means common, thus ...
Elements of communication <ul><li>Communicator </li></ul><ul><li>Communicatee </li></ul><ul><li>Message </li></ul><ul><li>...
Process of communication
1 2
Element of Communication Process <ul><li>Sender/Communicator </li></ul><ul><li>Message </li></ul><ul><li>Encoding </li></u...
Importance <ul><li>Facilitate smooth working </li></ul><ul><li>Basis of organizational functioning </li></ul><ul><li>Commu...
 
Communication Media
 
<ul><li>Semantic Barriers </li></ul><ul><li>Emotional or Psychological Barriers </li></ul><ul><li>Organizational Barriers ...
Semantic Barriers <ul><li>Symbol with different meaning </li></ul><ul><li>Badly expresses message </li></ul><ul><li>Faulty...
Psychological Barriers  <ul><li>Premature Evolution </li></ul><ul><li>Inattention </li></ul><ul><li>Loss in Transmission o...
Organizational Barriers  <ul><li>Organizational Policy </li></ul><ul><li>Organizational Rules and Regulations </li></ul><u...
Personal Barriers <ul><li>Barriers in Supervision </li></ul><ul><li>Attitude of Superior </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of Awarene...
Effective Communication <ul><li>Clarity </li></ul><ul><li>Adequacy </li></ul><ul><li>Timing </li></ul><ul><li>Integrity </...
Motivation
Introduction & Definition  <ul><li>To motivate means to provide motive, to impel people to action, and to create incentive...
Nature and Characteristics <ul><li>Motivation is an internal feeling </li></ul><ul><li>Motivation is related to needs </li...
Elements of sound motivation <ul><li>Adequateness </li></ul><ul><li>Flexibility </li></ul><ul><li>Related to efforts </li>...
Importance of Motivation
Importance of Motivation
Leadership
Definition <ul><li>Leadership is one of the important part of direction. </li></ul><ul><li>“ Leadership is the ability to ...
Nature or Characteristics <ul><li>Leadership implies the existence of followers </li></ul><ul><li>Leadership involve a com...
Importance of leadership <ul><li>Facilitate Change </li></ul><ul><li>Building and increase employees moral e </li></ul><ul...
Importance of Leadership Ability
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Directing as management function

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Directing as management function

  1. 2. Directing can lead to……
  2. 3. Introduction…. <ul><li>Directing/Direction is a function of management performed by top level management in order to achieve organizational goals. It is very important and necessary function of management. </li></ul><ul><li>Management has to undertake various activities like, guide people, inspired and lead them as well as supervision of their activity is required in order to achieve desired results. </li></ul>
  3. 4. Meaning and Definition <ul><li>Direction consists of the process and techniques utilized in issuing instructions and making certain that operations are carried as originally planned. </li></ul><ul><li>“ Directing involve determining the course, giving order and instruction and providing dynamic leadership” – Marshall </li></ul><ul><li>“ Activating means and moving into action- supplying simulative power to the group”- G.R Terry </li></ul>
  4. 5. Directing involve….. <ul><li>Telling people what is to be done and explaining how to do it. </li></ul><ul><li>Issuing instructions and orders to subordinates </li></ul><ul><li>Inspiring them to contribute towards the achievement of objectives, </li></ul><ul><li>Supervising their activities; and </li></ul><ul><li>Providing leadership and motivation </li></ul>
  5. 6. Features of Direction <ul><li>Deals with People </li></ul><ul><li>Performance Oriented </li></ul><ul><li>Pervasive Function </li></ul><ul><li>Continues Function </li></ul><ul><li>Management in Action </li></ul>
  6. 7. Element of Direction <ul><li>Communication </li></ul><ul><li>Leadership </li></ul><ul><li>Motivation </li></ul><ul><li>Supervision </li></ul><ul><li>Coordination </li></ul>
  7. 8. Significance of Direction <ul><li>Initiate Action </li></ul><ul><li>Ensuring efficiency </li></ul><ul><li>Achieving Organizational Objectives </li></ul><ul><li>Better Human Relation </li></ul><ul><li>Facilitate Changes </li></ul>
  8. 9. Principle of Direction
  9. 10. Process of Direction <ul><li>Defining the objective </li></ul><ul><li>Organizing the efforts </li></ul><ul><li>Measuring the work </li></ul><ul><li>Developing the people </li></ul>
  10. 11. Techniques of Direction <ul><li>Consultative Direction </li></ul><ul><li>Free rein Direction </li></ul><ul><li>Autocratic Direction </li></ul>
  11. 12. Effective Delegation…… <ul><li>Knowledge of work </li></ul><ul><li>Knowledge of bye-laws (policies) </li></ul><ul><li>Skills in instructing </li></ul><ul><li>Skills in leading </li></ul><ul><li>Skills in dealing with current problem s </li></ul><ul><li>Human orientation </li></ul>
  12. 13. Communication
  13. 14. Meaning and Definition <ul><li>“ Communication” word has been derived from Latin word “Communis” which means common, thus communication stands for sharing of an idea in common. </li></ul><ul><li>“ Communication is an exchange of facts, ideas, opinions or emotions by two or more persons” – Newman and Summer </li></ul><ul><li>“ It is a sum of all the things one person does when he wants to create understanding in the minds of another. It is a bridge of meaning, it involve systematic telling, listening, and understanding” - Haimann </li></ul>
  14. 15. Elements of communication <ul><li>Communicator </li></ul><ul><li>Communicatee </li></ul><ul><li>Message </li></ul><ul><li>Channel </li></ul><ul><li>Response </li></ul>
  15. 16. Process of communication
  16. 17. 1 2
  17. 18. Element of Communication Process <ul><li>Sender/Communicator </li></ul><ul><li>Message </li></ul><ul><li>Encoding </li></ul><ul><li>Channel </li></ul><ul><li>Receiver </li></ul><ul><li>Decoding </li></ul><ul><li>Feedback </li></ul>
  18. 19. Importance <ul><li>Facilitate smooth working </li></ul><ul><li>Basis of organizational functioning </li></ul><ul><li>Communication as an aid to planning </li></ul><ul><li>Help overcoming resistance to change </li></ul><ul><li>Helps building good public relations </li></ul><ul><li>Facilitate effective delegation of authority </li></ul>
  19. 21. Communication Media
  20. 23. <ul><li>Semantic Barriers </li></ul><ul><li>Emotional or Psychological Barriers </li></ul><ul><li>Organizational Barriers </li></ul><ul><li>Other (Personal) </li></ul>
  21. 24. Semantic Barriers <ul><li>Symbol with different meaning </li></ul><ul><li>Badly expresses message </li></ul><ul><li>Faulty Translation </li></ul><ul><li>Unclarified Assumption </li></ul><ul><li>Specialist’ s Language </li></ul>
  22. 25. Psychological Barriers <ul><li>Premature Evolution </li></ul><ul><li>Inattention </li></ul><ul><li>Loss in Transmission or Poor Retention </li></ul><ul><li>Distrust of Communication </li></ul><ul><li>Attitudinal Barriers </li></ul>
  23. 26. Organizational Barriers <ul><li>Organizational Policy </li></ul><ul><li>Organizational Rules and Regulations </li></ul><ul><li>Status Retention </li></ul><ul><li>Rank or Position </li></ul>
  24. 27. Personal Barriers <ul><li>Barriers in Supervision </li></ul><ul><li>Attitude of Superior </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of Awareness /knowledge </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of time </li></ul><ul><li>Fear of loss of Authority </li></ul><ul><li>Barriers in Subordinates </li></ul><ul><li>Fear/ Unwillingness to Communicate </li></ul>
  25. 28. Effective Communication <ul><li>Clarity </li></ul><ul><li>Adequacy </li></ul><ul><li>Timing </li></ul><ul><li>Integrity </li></ul><ul><li>Gesture and Expressive </li></ul><ul><li>Maintain eye contact </li></ul><ul><li>Correct and Concrete </li></ul><ul><li>Feedback is key to success </li></ul><ul><li>Complete and Concise </li></ul>
  26. 29. Motivation
  27. 30. Introduction & Definition <ul><li>To motivate means to provide motive, to impel people to action, and to create incentives to work. </li></ul><ul><li>“ Motivation is the work a manager performs to inspired, encourage, and impel people to take required action” – Lewis Allen </li></ul><ul><li>“ The act of stimulating someone or oneself to get a desired course of action”- Michael J </li></ul>
  28. 31. Nature and Characteristics <ul><li>Motivation is an internal feeling </li></ul><ul><li>Motivation is related to needs </li></ul><ul><li>Motivation lead to goal oriented behavior </li></ul><ul><li>Motivation can be positive or negative </li></ul>
  29. 32. Elements of sound motivation <ul><li>Adequateness </li></ul><ul><li>Flexibility </li></ul><ul><li>Related to efforts </li></ul><ul><li>Analysis of motives </li></ul><ul><li>Simple and blend with organizational requirement </li></ul>
  30. 33. Importance of Motivation
  31. 34. Importance of Motivation
  32. 35. Leadership
  33. 36. Definition <ul><li>Leadership is one of the important part of direction. </li></ul><ul><li>“ Leadership is the ability to secure desirable action from a group of followers voluntarily, without the use of coercion”- Alford and Beatly </li></ul><ul><li>“ Leadership refers to the quality of the behavior of the individual whereby they guide people on their activities in organized efforts”- Chester Barnard </li></ul>
  34. 37. Nature or Characteristics <ul><li>Leadership implies the existence of followers </li></ul><ul><li>Leadership involve a community of interest between </li></ul><ul><li>Process of influence </li></ul><ul><li>Process toward achievement of goals </li></ul><ul><li>Leadership involve exemplary action </li></ul>
  35. 38. Importance of leadership <ul><li>Facilitate Change </li></ul><ul><li>Building and increase employees moral e </li></ul><ul><li>Provide Guidance </li></ul><ul><li>Determination of Goal </li></ul><ul><li>Promote team spirit </li></ul><ul><li>Aid to Authority </li></ul>
  36. 39. Importance of Leadership Ability

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