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The second world war philippines
The second world war philippines
The second world war philippines
The second world war philippines
The second world war philippines
The second world war philippines
The second world war philippines
The second world war philippines
The second world war philippines
The second world war philippines
The second world war philippines
The second world war philippines
The second world war philippines
The second world war philippines
The second world war philippines
The second world war philippines
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The second world war philippines

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  • 1. THE SECOND WORLD WAR By: John Bautista
  • 2. Second World War (1941-1945) The worst war in world history.  The war started when the Japanese invaded the Philippines.  1942-1945 - they occupied the country for three years.  1945 - The American and Filipino allied troops liberated the Philippines.  September 1, 1939 - Hitler and his Nazi German troops attacked Poland. December 8, 1941(Pacific Time) - Japan made sneak attack on the military bases of America and Britain in Pearl Harbor, Singapore, and the Philippines
  • 3. The Japanese attack  December 8, 1941 (manila time) – newspaper boys shouted the bad news “extra! Extra! Japans attack Hawaii!  At 2;30 a.m. the Japanese had bombed the American naval base at Pearl Harbor Hawaii. General Douglas MacArthur - the commander of the United States Armed Forces in the Far East (USAFFE), could not stop the Japanese invasion.
  • 4. The commonwealth in exile  Because of the hopeless situation, President Roosevelt wired President Quezon to escape to the United States.  February 20, 1942-October 3, 1944 - President Quezon, his family, and war cabinet secretly left Corregidor by submarine, the commonwealth government went in exile at Washington, D.C.  August 1, 1944 - President Quezon died of illness and he was succeeded by Vice-President Osmena.  General Jonathan Wainwright took over the command of the FilAmerican forces from General MacArthur.  General MacArthur was also ordered to leave by President Roosevelt.  March 17, 1942 - when he landed in Australia, Macarthur told the world, “I shall return!”
  • 5. The fall of Bataan and Corregidor  The other Asian nations attacked by Japan, the Philippines fought the longest and hardest.  Only the Filipinos loyally fought side by side with their Western colonizer.  The brave Filipino and American defenders were already tired, sick, and hungry.  In Bataan 100, 000 Filipino and American soldiers were taken prisoner by the Japanese.
  • 6. The Death March  One of the cruelest atrocities by the Japanese during the Second World War was the infamous Bataan death march in April 1942.  62, 000 Filipino soldiers and 11, 000 American troops were forced to march from 7 to 11 days without food, water, or medicine.  Many were beaten or bayoneted by the Japanese.  17, 000 Fil-Am troops died in this death march-16,000 Filipinos and 1,200 Americans.
  • 7. Japanese Military occupation  January 3, 1942 to July 5, 1945 –t he Philippines was under Japanese military occupation for three years.  January 3, 1942 - the Japanese military administration was set up in manila.  It was headed at first by General Yoshihida Hayashi.  General Takazi Wachi was the late military head.  They circulated new money with Japanese script. The Filipinos called it “Mickey mouse money” because nobody really want it.
  • 8. The second Philippine Republic  Jorge B. Vargas - became chairman of the Philippine Executive Commission.  January 23, 1942 - the members of the Executive Commission sent a letter to the Japanese military.  January 21, 1942 - the Japanese Premier, Hideki Tojo, came to the Philippines.  Tojo announced the “independence” of the Philippines and said Japan was the “liberator” of the Asians from the western powers.  September 4, 1943 - the new constitution was finished.  October 14, 1943 - the second Philippine Republic was inaugurated in front of the legislative building at Manila. It was headed by President Jose P. Laurel.
  • 9. Propaganda War  The Japanese tried to win the Filipinos by means of propaganda.  Hoodo-Bu - the Japanese army propaganda.  Barangays were organized into groups called the SAMAHANG MAGKAKAPIT-BAHAY .This samahan were really spy networks.  The samahan leaders were forced to report on guerrillas in their area.  The top agency of Japanese propaganda was the KALIBAPI (Kapisanan ng Paglilingkod sa Bagong Pilipinas )  By word of mouth the Filipinos spread news of the allied war victories and the coming liberation.
  • 10. The collaborators  Most Filipinos had to collaborate with the Japanese during the war.  These included Laurel, Vargas, and the other officials who served in the puppet government.  The Ganaps were led by Benigno Ramos and Pio Duran, the two leading Filipino collaborators.
  • 11. Guerrilla Warfare  These guerrillas fought a good war against the Japanese invaders.  The communists formed a guerrilla army called the Huk or Hukbo ng Bayan Laban sa Hapon.  The success of the guerillas was really due to the support of the ordinary people.
  • 12. Japanese Atrocities  During the second world war, the Filipinos saw the best and the worst in the Japanese .  After the war, the two Japanese commanders in the Philippines, Generals Masaharu Homma and Tomoyuki Yamashita were executed for their war crimes.  Emperor Hirohito apologized for his country’s atrocities to Filipinos during the war.  Deaths of Filipino soldiers and civilians-1, 111, 938 lives and damage to property, goods and services- US$ 6, 411, 732, 000.  There were hundreds of cases of atrocities by Japanese soldiers in the Philippines. These atrocities included murder, torture, and rape of civilians and prisoners of war, and the looting, burning and destruction of property.  For three years, the Filipinos suffered under the Japanese and we lived in fear of the cruel Kempeitai (Japanese military police)
  • 13. Liberation of the Philippines  October 20, 1944 - the American liberation forces landed at Palo, Leyte with more than 650 ships and four army divisions.  October 23-26, 1944 - the U.S navy won the big battle of Leyte Gulf.  January 9, 1945 - the Americans landed at Lingayen in Luzon. The Japanese troops began to retreat to Baguio.  February 1945 - the battle of manila ended.  February 23, 1945 - the fil-am troops liberated the city.  July 5, 1945 - General MacArthur announced the liberation of the Philippines.
  • 14. End of the Second World War  May 7, 1945 - the war in Europe ended. This was V-E Day, Victory in Europe day.  August 6, 1945 - the first atomic bomb was dropped on the city of Hiroshima.  August 9 - another atomic bomb was dropped on the city of Nagasaki.  August 15, 1945 - these atomic bombs made the Japanese surrender  President Laurel announced the end of the second Philippine Republic at nara.
  • 15. Restoration of the commonwealth  October 23, 1944 - the Commonwealth Government was restored to power as soon as the Americans landed at Leyte.  June 9, 1945 - the members of the pre-war commonwealth congress were recalled. They won in the November 1941 elections but had not yet served in office.  November 15, 1945 - the commonwealth celebrated its 10th anniversary.  April 23, 1946 - the last commonwealth election were held.  Roxas became the last commonwealth President and the first President of the third Philippine Republic inaugurated in 1946.
  • 16. …End… Thanks for listening !!!

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