By: Leslie W. Mayangao &
Junalyn N. Molintas
MEXICO’S ROLE IN THE
CONQUEST OF THE
Mexico played a great role in the conquest of the
Philippines by Spain.
It was Legaspi, with the help of father Urdaneta,
who conquered the Philippines for Spain. But
their success in colonizing the Philippines was
truly a Mexican success because Legazpi and
Urdaneta were only Spanish birth; and they lived
Without the additional troops,
missionaries, and supplies from
Mexico, Legaspi’s expedition could not
But we should remember that the
Spanish government in the Philippines
was always in need of funds. It suffered
from lack of money because the
Spanish officials were corrupt and they
did not develop our country’s natural
THE PHILIPPINES WAS
RULED FROM MEXICO
In the year 1565-1821, the Philippines was
ruled by the Mexican viceroy in the name
of the Spanish King.
MEXICAN VICEROY the highest Spanish
official in the Mexican colony.
The Mexican viceroy appointed temporary
governors of the Philippines and other high
MEXICAN IN THE
Mexicans came to the Philippines
to live or to work.
Archbishop Miguel de Poblete(1653-1667) and
Archbishop Manuel Antonio Rojo(1759-1764)
they were Mexicans who serve as
Archbishop of Manila.
Father Felipe de Jesus- the first Mexican saint of
the Catholic church served as a missionary in the
He was one of the 26 Christians martyrs crucified
at Nagasaki, Japan on February 5,1597.
FILIPINOS IN MEXICO
The first Filipinos who went to Mexico were the
four heroes of the “TONDO CONSPIRACY OF
This secret society was found out by Spanish
officials on October 26,1588,and all its leaders
were arrested, executed and exiled.
They were Pedro Balinguit, datu of Pandacan ;
Pitongatan, datu of Tondo, Felipe Salonga- datu of
Polo; and Agustin Manuguit-datu of Tondo.
THE GALLEON TRADE
Galleon trade was the chief link between Mexico and
The most important events of the year in both Manila
and Acapulco were the departure and arrival of the
The safe arrival of the galleon was a festive occation,
celebrated with great joy, thanksgiving masses, parties
and the traditional feria.
Through the galleon trade, many families in Mexico and
the Philippines became rich.
Because of the galleon trade, Manila became the
“PEARL OF ORIENT” or the trade center of Asia.
THE PARIAN MEXICO
The Philippines influenced the Mexicans
to build their own Parian (China Town).
• The Manila galleons brought to Mexico
many goods from Asiaceramiks,1silk,cotton,blankets,etc.
• 1703 the special market for Asian goods
was inaugurated. It was called
“PARIAN”. After the famous China
Town in Manila.
TO THE PHILIPPINES
New plants were the following;
flowering plants like the azucena,
marigold, cadena de amor,
calachuchi, and Acapulco.
• New animals;
• Cattle, fighting rooster, oxen, horses, ducks and mayas.
• Bookbinding ,adobe stone making, making panocha
(sugar) from cane, cigarette making and wearing of hats
NEW DIET AND DRESS
• The western costumes were introduced by Spain through
• AMERICANA (coat)-used by men
• SAYA (skirt) and VESTIDA (dress)-used by women
• Mexico influenced Filipino diet through the new plants which
were introduce from the new world.
NEW MUSICAL INSTRUMENT AND DANCES
• The first western musical instruments; (violin, guitar,
flute, harp, drum, trumpet and cymbal) were brought to
the Philippines from Mexico.
• Many Philippines song and dances came from Mexicoex.; JARABE and PANDANGO DE SAMBALILLO (hot
• Many catholic images came from Mexico. These are now
found in famous shrines in the Philippines example;
BLACK NAZARENE in QUIAPO CHURCH, the
Patronage of Antipolo (OUR LADY OF PEACE AND
GOOD VOYAGE), OUR LADY OF GUADALUPE in
CUSTOMS AND TRADITIONS
• Examples; Moro-moro plays, town feria, mariones festival
in Marinduque, Santa Cruzan, pabitin, and Todoslos
WORDS AND LANGUAGE
• There are more than 100 words in Filipino came from
Mexico, among them are; Acacia, balsa (lightwood),
chocolate, bayabas, mais, palengke, tiangge (market
day) and zacate (grass todder).
• Many Filipino families today have Mexican blood
because their ancestors came from Mexico.
The Filipinos were inspired to
seek their own freedom when
Mexico and other Latin American
countries won their
independence from Spain.
FILIPINO CONTRIBUTIONS TO MEXICO
1. New plants
*These are; cinnamon pepper and tamarind, coconut
and mangoes, bananas and ilang-ilang.
2. Tapayan Easthern Jar
*Many Mexican families in Acapulco and nearby
towns still use the big jar called “TAPAYAN” in
*These are; Monton de Manila(showl), Paete
handicrafts, and Ilocano blankets.
*The Parian of Mexico city existed from 1703-1843
and was copied from the Parian in manila.
5. Filipino Words
Like; Manga (mango),monton(showl),
racatan(lakatan banana) parian (market), palay
(raw rice), and sarangola (kite)
6. Filipino Blood
*Many Filipinos came to live in Mexico especially
those sailors who deserted the galleon ships.They
lived in Acapulco and married women.
7. Independence Money
*It is also curious that the Philippines helped Mexico
gain its independence from Spain.
*From the darkest hour of the Mexican fight for
independence, the train carrying the galleon money
from mexico to Acapulco passed by.The money
belonged to Spanish merchants in manila who
exported goods to mexico on the galleon.
*General Agustin de Iturbide with his troops held up the
train and got the money for his troops. Thus he was able
to continue and win the fight for independence.
• .The Philippines had very close relations with
Mexico during the Spanish era. That’s why we
have a rich cultural heritage from Latin America.
1.The Philippines is a unique country because it is
only the country in the world with a heritage from
four different cultures.
• Asian Heritage, European Heritage, American Heritage,
Latin or Mexican Heritage.
2. Contributions of Mexico to Philippine life and
culture include new plants and animals, new
industries, new diet and dress, new music and
dances, customs and traditions.
3. Filipinos were inspired by the revolution in Mexico
and other Latin American countries in early 19th
4. Contributions of Philippines to mexico included new
plants, the use of earthen jars, antiques, the Parian,
Filipino ancestors, and money for the Mexican fight
for the independence.