Our country as a colony of spain

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Our country as a colony of spain

  1. 1. OUR COUNTRY AS A COLONY OF SPAIN PRESENTED BY: JESSICA L. SAGARIO BABY KAREN DEVE TIMBREZA
  2. 2. What we want to explain:  How did the Spanish officials rule our country?  What changes did Spain make to the Philippines government?  How did the Filipinos react to the Spanish rule?  How did the Spaniards keep on controlling he Filipinos?  What was the secret behind the Spanish power?
  3. 3. Philippines under Spanish regime:  The Philippines was a colony of Spain for 333 years.  From 1565-1893
  4. 4. Central government under Spain: Spain established one central government in the Philippines. Thus, for the first time in our history, we became united as one nation called “FILIPINAS”.
  5. 5. Philippine Territory in Spanish time:
  6. 6. Differences in the territory ruled by central government: The island archipelagoes of Guam, the Marianas, the Caroline, and the Palau's in the south Pacific were included in Philippine territory during Spanish times. Most of Mindanao and Sulu were excluded. Interior mountain regions of Luzon and Visayas were excluded.
  7. 7. Monarchy under Spain KING OF SPAIN SPANISH ARCHBISHOP SPANISH VICEROY IN MEXICO PROVINCIAL ALCALDE MAYOR SPANISH GOVERNOR GENERAL IN MANILA s p a i n BISHOPS ROYAL AUDEINCIA CITY ALCALDES K i n g o f PARISH PRIESTS COUNCIL OF THE INDIES GOBERNADORCILLOS CABEZA DE BARANGAY
  8. 8. GOVERNMENT DEBTS: Since the beginning the colonial government in the Philippines suffered debts year in and year out. TWO REASONS: Government officials were dishonest. The ordinary people lacked cooperation and loyalty to he State.
  9. 9. Population: Spaniards 4000 3500 3000 2500 2000 missionaries soldiers 1500 over all 1000 500 0 17TH CENTURY 19TH CENTURY
  10. 10. Population: Filipinos population 7000000 6000000 5000000 4000000 3000000 2000000 1000000 0 1565 1591 1621 1655 1735 1800 population 1817 1829 1850 1870 1885 1896
  11. 11. Christianity and Spanish colonization The Spaniards were able to keep the Philippines as a colony because most of the Filipinos became Christians. Filipinos were attracted to Christianity because of three reasons:  The message of Christianity appealed to the people.  Filipinos life was approved by Christianity  The missionaries helped the soldiers in conquest and pacification of the Philippines
  12. 12. Church Organization: Civil government/ church organization Parish priest archbishop people bishops First bishop of Manila: Monsignor Domingo de Salazar
  13. 13. The Power of the Church:  Union of Church and State:  Practice allowing only one religion in the country Because of this union the church and state, the catholic priests then had the great influence in government. They receive their salaries from the government. Until 1764, the archbishops could act as the temporary governor-general. e.g. Archbishop Manuel Rojo(1762-1764) Fraile: town priest
  14. 14. What do fraile’s do? Confessor Tax collector Preacher Fraile Law enforcer Election inspector Registrar of deeds
  15. 15. The Only Christian Nation:  Spaniards used the Philippines as the military base and mission centre to spread Spanish power and Christianity to other Asian counties. Although it failed they kept the Philippines as a mission field.  The Philippines was the spiritual light of Asia as far back as the 16th century.
  16. 16. Why Spain Kept the Philippines? Queen Isabel I (1504) Phillip II 1619 For glory and pride Philip IV Go with God, Father Moraga, be assured that I will not give up what my father conquered and left me. 1 6 2 1 Father Hernando de los rios coronel Philip III (Advisers) In God’s name, Please do not abandon the Philippines, Your majesty. Remember what your illustrious great grondmother, stated in her testament For the conversion of the people of Filipinas, I would gladly spread the riches of the indies Manila Fr. Hernando Moraga
  17. 17. FOR LISTENING GODBLESS!

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