Our american heritage


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Our american heritage

  1. 1. CHAPTER 20
  2. 2. Philippine life- change tremendously as an American colony because of the heritage we acquired from them that influence a lot into our life today .
  3. 3. OUR AMERICAN HERITAGES The Bible and Religious Freedom -the greatest legacy of America to the Philippines - Filipinos became free to choose there own religion. -started the great religious revival in the country
  4. 4. Other Christian churches: Presbyterians-in 1899 Baptists- in 1900 Disciple of Christ-in 1905 Methodist Episcopalians-in 1908 Aglipayanism- in 1902 by Isabelo de los Reyes and Gregorio Aglipay Revival of protestanism such as: non-Christian believers muslims
  5. 5. Training in democracy Democracy- greatest heritage of America to the Philippines - free national elections, women voters ,free press, many political parties and religious freedom 1898-America stopped us from becoming democratic 1899-1901 – we were already on our way to democracy under the short lived First Philippine Republic
  6. 6. Free education education was no longer the privilege of just a few rich families but even the poor American soldiers- 1st teachers August 1898- 7 school were opened August 23,1901 -1st batch of professional teachers came from U.S. On board the transport ship Thomas - they were called Thomasites Pensionados-Filipino scholars sent to U.S. for free government pensions in American colleges and universities
  7. 7. Better health -inculcated and taught more about health and sanitation including hygiene - government built free Phil. General hospital in Manila and in other places in the provinces - introduction of flush toilet sicknesses wiped out and reduced: epidemics of cholera small pox plague tuberculosis malaria typhoid
  8. 8. English language English -taught in all schools then -became the official language of government and business -even gave English names such as Bobby, John ,Mary ,Lily , Rosie and more. Filipino writers won abroad: Jose Garcia Villa , Celso Al Carunungan ,and Nick Joaquin Carlos P. Romulo- won the prestigious pulitizer prize for journal in 1942
  9. 9. Free press 1902 –Filipinos started more and more freedom 1930- Filipinos has the freest press in Asia Filipinos who started there own newspapers: Manuel L. Quezon-founded THE FILIPINO HERALD in 1920 - 1st Filipino daily newspaper Ramos Roces-owned THE GRAPHIC the most read weekly magazine Filipinos who wrote newspapers in dialect: Sergio Osmena – founded NUEVO DIA in Cebu in1900 Rafael Palma and Teodoro Kalaw-eddited the EL RENACEMIENTO the most controversial newspaper Alejandro Roces Sr.- owned the LA VANGUARDIA the most popular Spanish daily.
  10. 10. Diet and Dress American types of food : corn flakes, oat meal, ham ,egg sandwiches, hamburgers ,ice cream chewing gum and many more Filipino dress: men-wear trousers with belt, and suspenders, polo shirts ,tennis shoes women-hemlines became shorter, they wear fancy hats shirt and blouse ,high heeled shoes, silk stockings and put on make-ups
  11. 11. Democratic family life and social control -gone were the old customs of addressing elders - it is no longer fashionable to go home when the church bells at 6 p.m. -American holidays: Labor day- May 1 Thanksgiving day – last Thursday of November Halloween-October 31 Valentines day-February 14
  12. 12. Women's rights - Filipino women enjoyed greater right such as the freedom to: vote, work in office, hold public office, study with men in school, go out with out chaperon 1937–1st Asian women to vote and hold public offices were the Filipinos Carmen Planas-1st councilor of Manila in 1937 Mrs. Elisa R. Ochoa of Butuan-1st congresswoman 1941
  13. 13. Recreation Physical education –became part of school curriculum Outdoor sports: baseball, football, volleyball, and calisthenics Indoor games: bowling, billiards, poker, and bridge Basketball- now the national sports Boxing –was introduced and PANCHO VILLA 1st Filipino to win the Flyweight boxing championship in the world 1908-Manila carnival became the a national event
  14. 14. Movies and Vaudeville 1903-1st movie house Cine Rizal was built in Tondo Cine ideal – later pioneered by the Rocess brothers at Rizal avenue Edward Meyer Gross-an American army surgeon made the 1st local Film in 1912 LA VIDA DE DR. RIZAL w/c was then an instant hit 1929-1st taking American movie came 1 year after it was shown in U.S. Vodavil or vaudeville- replaced the zarzuela and moro-moro in popularity -Features singers , comedians or the superstars like Atang De la Rama Kathy de la Cruz ,Pugo and Togo
  15. 15. Music and dance -Spread of American songs and dances -Filipinos learned to croon popular hit songs from America , to play American jazz, and to dance the charlestone,boogie woogie , fox trot Houses - New types of houses and constructions like; bungalows, chalets, two story concrete houses and earthquake proof buildings were made - American buildings : Manila post office building , Philippine general hospital, and the Philippine normal college
  16. 16. Art -during American era rural landscape ,and scenes from ordinary life became the new style Famous painters: Fabian de la Rosa, Fernando Amorsolo, Emilio Alvero, and Victorio C. Edades Guillermo Tolentino-famous sculptur then who made the huge Bonifacio monument at Grace park Caloocan Science - Introduction of modern science, training Filipino scientist, scientific organizations and even sent Filipino scholars to America to study modern science American blood -there were American who married Filipinos -Filipinos learned American habits such as: frankness, practicality, hard work, open mindedness, and fairness. But there were also bad habits like materialism, ruthlessness, rudeness, drunkenness and selfishness.
  17. 17. Historical values -We had mix cultural values w/c is Asian, Spanish, Mexican, and American Cultural legacies of America: 1.We got a training in democracy under the protection of U.S 2.Widespread of the use of bible and religious freedom 3.Free education 4.Knowledge of the English language kept us up to date 5.Free press and better health 6.Americanization of diet ,dress, family life ,recreation, art, science, and popular culture enriched our life 7.Many Filipinos have American ancestors and Americans who have Filipino blood 8.We developed a liking for imported household things , appliances, clothes , books, toys , games ,and food. But this attitude is called colonial mentality or showing alack of patriotism
  18. 18. Thank you for listening……………