• Is an ethic of resource use, allocation and protection. Its primary focus is
upon maintaining the health of the natural world, its fisheries, habitats and
• Secondary focus is on materials conservation and energy conservation which
are seen as important to protect the natural world.
• Those who follow the conservation ethic and especially those who advocate
or work toward conservation is called conservationists.
• Trans-boarder conservation or Transboundary conservation can be loosely
defined as the subset of international relations focusing in particular
protection of international boarders and boarder region such as the boarder
• Applying trans-boarder is often less straight forward, as exemplified in an
attempt to a large number of environmental issues, water conflicts, air
pollution, migratory species, and trans-boarder landscapes and ecosystems.
• However there are treaties to be attempted to go beyond the settlement of
disputes over rights toward the protection of its territory by diplomats and
scholars who have developed a somewhat convoluted web of inter-rational
legal principles around the subject of international territories.
• Fierce disputes over the quantity and quality of transborder water including
rivers, lakes, and even groundwater.
• Mercury emissions from an industrial facility that directly affect a
neighboring state downwind do constitute a transborder problem.