4 voice and articulation

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4 voice and articulation

  1. 1. Voice and Articulation Zhie
  2. 2. Voice, or phonation, is the sound produced by the expiration of air through vibrating vocal cords.  Voice is defined in terms of pitch, quality, and intensity, or loudness.  Optimum pitch, which means the most appropriate pitch for speaking, varies with each individual.  Both optimum pitch and range of pitch are fundamentally determined by the length and mass of the vocal cords; within these limits, pitch may be varied by changing the combination of air pressure and tension of the vocal cords.  This combination determines the frequency at which the vocal cords vibrate; the greater the frequency of vibration, the higher the pitch.
  3. 3. Articulation refers to the speech sounds that are produced to form the words of language.  The articulating mechanism comprises the lips, tongue, teeth, jaw, and palate.  Speech is articulated by interrupting or shaping both the vocalized and unvocalized airstream through movement of the tongue, lips, lower jaw, and soft palate.  The teeth are used to produce some specific speech sounds.
  4. 4. Resonance- an intense and prolonged sound produced by sympathetic vibration.  After voice is produced, it is resonated in the chest, throat, and cavities of the mouth. The quality of the voice is determined by resonance and the manner in which the vocal cords vibrate; intensity is controlled by resonance and by the strength of the vibrations of the vocal cords.
  5. 5. Preferred Speech – termed as career speech by Cranwell is the type of speech that is expected in a career (teaching, theater, media, busin ess, call center agents, etc.) Habitual Speech – is determined and molded by environmental and psychological factors.
  6. 6. Articulatory Errors 1. Lisping-a minor speech difficulty in which the sounds "s" and "z" are pronounced like the "th" sound. 2. Slurring-to pronounce sounds or words so that they cannot be distinguished, or be pronounced in this way. 3. Accenting on the wrong syllable 4. Substitution of letters 5. Mouthing too much
  7. 7. Breathing and Projection Types of Breathing Diaphragmatic Breathing 2. Clavicular Breathing 3. Thoracic Breathing 1.
  8. 8. Exercises 1. Stand straight. Place your palm on your abdomen, stick out your tongue and pant like a dog. Feel the diaphragmatic action. When you inhale, the abdominal wall moves out. When you exhale it returns to the relax position. 2. Sit in a straight-back chair without arms. Hold the back legs of the chair so that your shoulder cannot be elevated. Breathing through the mouth, take a deep breath slowly to a silent count of five, hold your breath to a silent count of five, and exhale to a silent count of five.
  9. 9. Directions: Conserve and control the output of breath as you read this Christmas carol. Keep the volume strong to the end of the line.
  10. 10. On the first day of Christmas my true love sent to me a partridge in a pear tree. 2. On the second day of Christmas my true love sent to me two turtle doves and a partridge on a pear tree. 3. On the third day of Christmas my true love sent to me three French hens, two turtle doves, and a partridge on a pear tree. 1.
  11. 11. 4. On the fourth day of Christmas my true love sent to me four calling birds, three French hens, two turtle dove and a partridge on a pear tree. 5. On the fifth day of Christmas my true love sent to me five golden rings, four calling birds, three French hens, two turtle dove and a partridge on a pear tree.
  12. 12. 6. On the sixth day of Christmas mu true love sent to me six geese a-laying, five golden rings, four calling birds, three French hens, two turtle dove and a partridge on a pear tree. 7. On the seventh day of Christmas my true love sent to me seven swans aswimming, six geese a-laying, five golden rings, four calling birds, three French hens, two turtle dove and a partridge on a pear tree.
  13. 13. 8. On the eight day of Christmas my true love sent to me eight maids a-milking, seven swans a-swimming, six geese a-laying, five golden rings, four calling birds, three French hens, two turtle dove and a partridge on a pear tree. 9. On the ninth day of Christmas mu true love sent to me nine ladies dancing, eight maids amilking, seven swans a-swimming, six geese alaying, five golden rings, four calling birds, three French hens, two turtle dove and a partridge on a pear tree.
  14. 14. 10. On the tenth day of Christmas my true love sent to me ten lords a-leaping, nine ladies dancing, eight maids a-milking, seven swans a-swimming, six geese a-laying, five golden rings, four calling birds, three French hens, two turtle dove and a partridge on a pear tree. 11. On the eleventh day of Christmas my true love sent to me eleven pipers piping, ten lords a-leaping, nine ladies dancing, eight maids a-milking, seven swans aswimming, six geese a-laying, five golden rings, four calling birds, three French hens, two turtle dove and a partridge on a pear tree.
  15. 15. 12. On the twelfth day of Christmas my true love sent to me twelve drummers drumming, eleven pipers piping, ten lords a-leaping, nine ladies dancing, eight maids a-milking, seven swans a-swimming, six geese alaying, five golden rings, four calling birds, three French hens, two turtle dove and a partridge on a pear tree.

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