John Galsworthy


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John Galsworthy

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John Galsworthy

  1. 1. By Xavier Pradheep Singh M. S.
  2. 2. <ul><li>Birth </li></ul><ul><li>Education </li></ul><ul><li>Marriage </li></ul><ul><li>Writing Career </li></ul><ul><li>Works </li></ul><ul><li>Nobel Prize </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>On 14 th August 1867 </li></ul><ul><li>At Kingston Hill in Surrey, England </li></ul><ul><li>Into an established wealthy family </li></ul><ul><li>Son of John and Blanche Bailey Galsworthy. </li></ul><ul><li>His large Kingston upon Thames estate is now the site of three schools </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Marymount International </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rokeby Preparatory School </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Holy Cross </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>Attended Harrow and New College, Oxford, training as a barrister </li></ul><ul><li>was called to the bar in 1890 </li></ul><ul><li>However, he was not keen to begin practicing law </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>travelled abroad to look after the family's shipping business interests </li></ul><ul><li>During these travels he met Joseph Conrad, then the first mate of a sailing-ship moored in the harbour of Adelaide, Australia </li></ul><ul><li>the two future novelists became close friends </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>In 1895 Galsworthy began an affair with Ada Nemesis Pearson Cooper, the wife of Maj. Arthur Galsworthy, one of his cousins. </li></ul><ul><li>After her divorce ten years later, the pair married on 23 rd September 1905 and stayed together until his death in 1933. </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>From the Four Winds , a collection of short stories, was Galsworthy's first published work in 1897. </li></ul><ul><li>These, and several subsequent works, were published under the pen name John Sinjohn </li></ul><ul><li>In 1904 he began publishing under his own name, probably owing to the death of his father. </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>His first play, The Silver Box (1906), became a success and he followed it up with The Man of Property (1906), the first in the Forsyte trilogy. </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>Although he continued writing both plays and novels it was as a playwright that he was mainly appreciated for at the time. </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>He is known for The Forsyte Saga , the first of three trilogies of novels about the eponymous family and connected lives. </li></ul><ul><li>These works dealt with class, and in particular upper-middle class lives. </li></ul><ul><li>Although sympathetic to his characters he highlights their insular, snobbish and acquisitive attitudes and their suffocating moral codes. </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>Along with George Bernard Shaw, his plays addressed the class system and social issues, </li></ul><ul><li>Two best known plays are Strife (1909) and The Skin Game (1920). </li></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>He is one of the first writers of the Edwardian era. </li></ul><ul><li>Challenged some of the ideals of society depicted in the preceding literature of Victorian England in his works. </li></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><li>The depiction of a woman in an unhappy marriage furnishes another recurring theme in his work. </li></ul><ul><li>The character of Irene in The Forsyte Saga is drawn from Ada Pearson even though her previous marriage was not as miserable as Irene's. </li></ul>
  14. 14. <ul><li>His work is often less convincing when it deals with the changing face of wider British society and how it affects people of the lower social classes. </li></ul><ul><li>Through his writings he campaigned for a variety of causes including prison reform, women's rights, animal welfare and the opposition of censorship. </li></ul>
  15. 15. <ul><li>During the First World War Galsworthy was 47 years old. </li></ul><ul><li>He worked in France at the Benevole Hospital for disabled soldiers. </li></ul><ul><li>He also signed over his family house as a rest home for members of the British Army recovering from war injuries. </li></ul>
  16. 17. <ul><li>Elected as the first president of the International PEN literary club in 1921 </li></ul><ul><li>Appointed to the Order of Merit in 1929 </li></ul><ul><li>Turned down a knighthood </li></ul>
  17. 18. <ul><li>Awarded the Nobel Prize in 1932. </li></ul><ul><li>He was too ill to attend the Nobel awards ceremony </li></ul><ul><li>Died six weeks later. </li></ul>
  18. 19. <ul><li>John Galsworthy lived for the final seven years of his life at Bury in West Sussex. </li></ul><ul><li>He died from a brain tumour on 31 st January 1933 at his London home, Grove Lodge, Hampstead. </li></ul><ul><li>In accordance with his will he was cremated at Woking and his ashes scattered over the South Downs from an aero plane. </li></ul>
  19. 21. <ul><li>The popularity of his fiction waned quickly after his death but the hugely successful adaptation of The Forsyte Saga in 1967 renewed interest in his work. </li></ul>
  20. 22. <ul><li>The Forsyte Saga has been filmed several times: </li></ul><ul><li>That Forsyte Woman (1949), dir. by Compton Bennett </li></ul><ul><li>BBC television drama (1967), dir. by James Cellan Jones, David Giles 26 parts </li></ul><ul><li>Granada television drama (2002), dir. by Christopher Menaul, 13 parts. </li></ul>
  21. 23. <ul><li>The Skin Game was adapted and directed by Alfred Hitchcock in 1931. </li></ul><ul><li>Escape was filmed in 1930 and 1948 directed by Joseph L. Mankiewicz. </li></ul><ul><li>One More River directed by James Whale in 1934. </li></ul><ul><li>The First and the Last , a short play, was adapted as 21 Days . </li></ul>
  22. 24. <ul><li>From The Four Winds , 1897 (as John Sinjohn) </li></ul><ul><li>Jocelyn , 1898 (as John Sinjohn) </li></ul><ul><li>Villa Rubein , 1900 (as John Sinjohn) </li></ul><ul><li>A Man Of Devon , 1901 (as John Sinjohn) </li></ul>
  23. 25. <ul><li>The Silver Box , 1906 (his first play) </li></ul><ul><li>The Forsyte Saga , 1906-21, 1922 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The Man Of Property , 1906 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(interlude) Indian Summer of a Forsyte , 1918 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>In Chancery , 1920 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(interlude) Awakening , 1920 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To Let , 1921 </li></ul></ul>
  24. 26. <ul><li>The Country House , 1907 </li></ul><ul><li>A Commentary , 1908 </li></ul><ul><li>Strife , 1909 </li></ul><ul><li>Fraternity , 1909 </li></ul><ul><li>Joy , 1909 </li></ul><ul><li>Justice , 1910 </li></ul><ul><li>The Little Dream , 1911 </li></ul><ul><li>The Eldest Son , 1912 </li></ul>
  25. 27. <ul><li>The Fugitive , 1913 </li></ul><ul><li>The Little Man , 1915 </li></ul><ul><li>A Bit's Love , 1915 </li></ul><ul><li>Saint's Progress , 1919 </li></ul><ul><li>Addresses In America , 1912 </li></ul><ul><li>Loyalties , 1922 </li></ul><ul><li>Escape , 1926 </li></ul>
  26. 28. <ul><li>A Modern Comedy , 1924-1928, 1929 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The White Monkey , 1924 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(Interlude) a Silent Wooing , 1927 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Silver Spoon , 1926 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(Interlude) Passers By , 1927 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Swan Song , 1928 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Two Forsyte Interludes , 1927 </li></ul><ul><li>The Manaton Edition , 1923-26 (collection, 30 vols.) </li></ul><ul><li>Exiled , 1929 </li></ul><ul><li>The Roof , 1929 </li></ul><ul><li>On Forsyte Change , 1930 </li></ul><ul><li>Two Essays On Conrad , 1930 </li></ul><ul><li>Soames And The Flag , 1930 </li></ul>
  27. 29. <ul><li>His plays often took up specific social grievances. </li></ul><ul><li>The double standard of justice as applied to the upper and lower classes in The Silver Box . </li></ul><ul><li>The confrontation of capital and labour in Strife . </li></ul><ul><li>Justice , his most famous play, led to a prison reform in England. </li></ul><ul><li>Galsworthy's reaction to the First World War found its expression in The Mob (1914), in which the voice of a statesman is drowned in the madness of the war-hungry masses </li></ul>