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Pain management through acupuncture
 

Pain management through acupuncture

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THE PPT DESCRIBES ABOUT BASICS ABD BENEFITS OF ACUPUNCTURE

THE PPT DESCRIBES ABOUT BASICS ABD BENEFITS OF ACUPUNCTURE

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    Pain management through acupuncture Pain management through acupuncture Presentation Transcript

    • Dr. Pradeep. M.K .Nair B.N.Y.S, MSc.(Clin.Res) E.Mail:drpradeep18bnys@gmail.com PAIN MANAGEMENT THROUGH ACUPUNCTURE NIN,PUNE
    • NIN,PUNE PAIN
    • PAIN  Pain is the leading cause for visiting the hospital or clinic.  Pain is an unpleasant feeling which can be caused by intense or damaging stimuli.  For eg:- Burning a finger, a cut in the hand, food poisoning etc.  Pain control is critical for healing, satisfaction and a sense of well being.  Pain management is a process of assessing and treating the pain using pharmacological and non-pharmacological interventions. NIN,PUNE
    • Description of pain  Duration  Location  Etiology  Intensity  Quality  Temporal pattern  Associated characteristics NIN,PUNE
    • Pain Pathway NIN,PUNE
    • Types of Pain  Acute-short/severe  Ex-Injured  Chronic- mild to severe –present for long periods of time and the result of a disease that may require ongoing treatment. NIN,PUNE
    • What alternative therapies can close the gate?  Music  Distraction of any sort  Ice and heat therapies  Deep breathing  Massage  Physiotherapy NIN,PUNE
    • Pain management through medication.  Oral analgesia  Analgesic sprays  IV analgesics Side effects  Constipation  Itching  Nausea and vomiting  Respiratory ailments  ulcers NIN,PUNE
    • ACUPUNCTURE  LATIN WORD :- ACUS- NEEDLES PUNGUE- PRICKING  Pricking needles on specific points. NIN,PUNE
    • HISTORY OF ACUPUNCTURE  Developed as a part of traditional Chinese medicine 5000 years back.  349 Points were discovered by 300A.D  600-900AD- Started spreading to Korea, Japan and India. NIN,PUNE
    • CONCEPT OF “QI"  It is a vital motivating force.  In YOGA it is termed as „PRANA‟ OR „Prana Vayu‟.  It is a invisible force responsible for all the movements of life.  YIN & YANG are the two aspects „QI‟. NIN,PUNE
    • YIN & YANG Good health is a state of energy balance between the two.. Any imbalance between the two causes disease. NIN,PUNE
    • CHINESE MONAD NIN,PUNE
    • MERIDIANS  Path through which „QI‟ travels around the body.  It is named after the organs.  Stimulation of the points on the meridian has an effect on the flow of „QI‟.  6 paired meridian & 2 unpaired meridian.  There are 361 points and Extra points(36). NIN,PUNE
    • NIN,PUNE
    • Lung Meridian Associated with element metal and its interior – exterior relationship with the Large Intestine. Originate from Middle Warmer NIN,PUNE
    • Large Intestine Associated with element metal and lung It originates from the corner of nail of Index finger. NIN,PUNE
    • Spleen Associated with element earth and stomach Originates from the medial side of the great toeNIN,PUNE
    • Small Intestine Associated with the element fire and heart It originates from the corner of the nail of little finger NIN,PUNE
    • Urinary Bladder Associate d with the element water and kidney It originates from the medial canthus of eyeNIN,PUNE
    • Gall Bladder Associated with the element wood and Liver It originates from the lateral canthus of eyeNIN,PUNE
    • TYPES OF NEEDLES  FILLIFORM  TRIANGULAR  SEVEN STAR  PRESS NEEDLE NIN,PUNE
    • METHODS OF NEEDLING  STRAIGHT  SLANTING  HORIZONTAL NIN,PUNE
    • ACUPUNCTURE POINTS  MERIDIAN POINTS: Points on the meridian.  EXTRA MERIDIAN POINTS: Exists on EAR, HAND, NOSE & HEAD.  FLOATING POINTS: No specific location. NIN,PUNE
    • Dangerous Points  These are in close vicinity of vital organs.  Eg: UB-1  Location: On the margin of the orbit 0.1 t-sun above the medial canthus.  Needling: 0.2 to 0.3 t-sun into anterior border of the orbit. NIN,PUNE
    • Sedation Points  It brings sedation of the meridian when stimulated.  Eg: Liv 5  Location: On the medial aspect of the leg, along the posterior border of the tibia, 5 t-sun above the medial malleous.  Needling: 0.5 to 1 t-sun, straight.  When stimulated it brings the sedation of the liver meridian. NIN,PUNE
    • Effects of Acupuncture  SUBJECTIVE EFFECTS:  Pain  Numbness  Soreness  Heaviness  Distension NIN,PUNE
    • Cont….  OBJECTIVE EFFECTS:-  Analgesia  Sedation  Immunity Improvement  Homeostasis  Motor Recovery NIN,PUNE
    • HOW ACUPUCTURE IS GIVEN.? NIN,PUNE  DURATION  NO OF SITTINGS  PRICKING STYLE  NO OF POINTS PRICKED
    • Stimulation In Acupuncture  Manual Stimulation – Using hands.  Heat Stimulation (Moxibustion) – Using moxa wools.  Electroacupuncture – Using electricity. NIN,PUNE
    • MOXIBUSTION  The dry powder of the leaf “Artemisia Vulgaris” also know as “moxa” is used.  Types: Direct Indirect  Indirect method is commonly used.  It can be given with Ginger, Garlic, Salt, Cup.  The purpose is the normalise the flow of”Qi” and relieve pain. NIN,PUNE
    • Major diseases in which acupuncture helps…. MIGRAINE NIN,PUNE
    • Multiple joint pain • OSTEOARTHRITI S •RHEUMATOID ARTHRITIS •ANKYLOSING SPONDYLITIS •FROZEN SHOULDER •TENNIS ELBOW •CALCANEAL PAIN NIN,PUNE
    • Acupuncture for frozen shoulder NIN,PUNE
    • NEUROLOGICAL PAIN • SCIATICA •CARPEL TUNNEL SYNDROME •CERVICAL SPONDYLITIS •LUMBAR SPONDYLITIS •TRIGEMINAL NEURALGIA NIN,PUNE
    • MOTOR NEURON DISEASES NIN,PUNE
    • OBESITY NIN,PUNE
    • INFERTILITY AND REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH NIN,PUNE
    • COMPLICATIONS  Needle Dystocia  Bent Needle  Broken Needle  Fainting  Bleeding  Forgotten Needles NIN,PUNE
    • CONTRAINDICATIONS  RELATIVE CONTRAINDICATIONS  Patients who are unwilling or afraid.  Bleeding disorders, anticoagulants drugs.  Skin infections at site of needling .  Skin disorders such as psoriasis or eczema .  Metal allergy  Valvular heart disease (for indwelling needles)  ABSOLUTE CONTRAINDICATION  Pacemaker (electro-acupuncture) NIN,PUNE
    • NIN,PUNE DR. PRADEEP. M.K.NAIR, NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF NATUROPATHY, PUNE. 09823262179. drpradeep18bnys@gmail.com