1. Dr. Pradeep. M.K .Nair
PAIN MANAGEMENT THROUGH
 Pain is the leading cause for visiting the hospital or clinic.
 Pain is an unpleasant feeling which can be caused by intense
or damaging stimuli.
 For eg:- Burning a finger, a cut in the hand, food poisoning
 Pain control is critical for healing, satisfaction and a sense of
 Pain management is a process of assessing and treating the
pain using pharmacological and non-pharmacological
6. Types of Pain
 Chronic- mild to severe –present for long periods
of time and the result of a disease that may require
7. What alternative therapies can close
 Distraction of any sort
 Ice and heat therapies
 Deep breathing
8. Pain management through medication.
 Oral analgesia
 Analgesic sprays
 IV analgesics
 Nausea and vomiting
 Respiratory ailments
 LATIN WORD :-
 Pricking needles on specific points.
10. HISTORY OF ACUPUNCTURE
 Developed as a part of traditional
Chinese medicine 5000 years back.
 349 Points were discovered by
 600-900AD- Started spreading to
Korea, Japan and India.
11. CONCEPT OF “QI"
 It is a vital motivating force.
 In YOGA it is termed as „PRANA‟ OR
 It is a invisible force responsible for all
the movements of life.
 YIN & YANG are the two aspects „QI‟.
12. YIN & YANG
Good health is a state of energy
balance between the two..
Any imbalance between the two
13. CHINESE MONAD
 Path through which „QI‟ travels around
 It is named after the organs.
 Stimulation of the points on the
meridian has an effect on the flow of
 6 paired meridian & 2 unpaired
 There are 361 points and Extra
element metal and its
interior – exterior
relationship with the
Originate from Middle
17. Large Intestine
of the great
19. Small Intestine
corner of the
nail of little
20. Urinary Bladder
d with the
21. Gall Bladder
22. TYPES OF NEEDLES
 SEVEN STAR
 PRESS NEEDLE
24. ACUPUNCTURE POINTS
 MERIDIAN POINTS: Points on the
 EXTRA MERIDIAN POINTS: Exists on
EAR, HAND, NOSE & HEAD.
 FLOATING POINTS: No specific
25. Dangerous Points
 These are in close vicinity of vital
 Eg: UB-1
 Location: On the margin of the orbit 0.1
t-sun above the medial canthus.
 Needling: 0.2 to 0.3 t-sun into anterior
border of the orbit.
26. Sedation Points
 It brings sedation of the meridian when
 Eg: Liv 5
 Location: On the medial aspect of the leg,
along the posterior border of the tibia, 5 t-sun
above the medial malleous.
 Needling: 0.5 to 1 t-sun, straight.
 When stimulated it brings the sedation of the
29. HOW ACUPUCTURE IS GIVEN.?
 NO OF SITTINGS
 PRICKING STYLE
 NO OF POINTS PRICKED
30. Stimulation In Acupuncture
 Manual Stimulation – Using hands.
 Heat Stimulation (Moxibustion) – Using moxa
 Electroacupuncture – Using electricity.
 The dry powder of the leaf “Artemisia
Vulgaris” also know as “moxa” is used.
 Types: Direct
 Indirect method is commonly used.
 It can be given with Ginger, Garlic, Salt,
 The purpose is the normalise the flow
of”Qi” and relieve pain.
32. Major diseases in which acupuncture