During the 1990s, the most controversial and brutal gang rape at the workplace involved a Rajasthan state government employee who tried to prevent child marriage as part of her duties as a worker of the Women Development Programme.
Rajasthan High court let the culprits free
Women’s rights group called Vishakha that filed a public interest litigation in the Supreme Court of India.
In 1997, the Supreme Court passed a landmark judgment in the Vishakha case laying guidelines.
A bill known as the Sexual Harassment Of Women at the Workplace (Prevention And Redressal) Bill, 2004 is still pending.
Subjects another person to an unwelcome act of physical intimacy, like grabbing, brushing, touching, pinching etc.
Makes an unwelcome demand or request (whether directly or by implication) for sexual favours from another person, and further makes it a condition for employment/payment of wages/increment/promotion etc.
Makes an unwelcome remark with sexual connotations, like sexually explicit compliments/cracking loud jokes with sexual connotations/ making sexist remarks etc.
Shows a person any sexually explicit visual material, in the form of pictures/cartoons/pin-ups/calendars/screen savers on computers/any offensive written material/pornographic e-mails, etc.
Engages in any other unwelcome conduct of a sexual nature, which could be verbal, or even non-verbal, like staring to make the other person uncomfortable, making offensive gestures, kissing sounds, etc.
A clear statement of the employer’s commitment to a workplace free of unlawful discrimination and harassment.
Clear definition of sexual harassment (using examples), and prohibition of such behavior as an offence.
Constitution of a complaints committee to investigate, mediate, counsel and resolve cases of sexual harassment. The Supreme Court guidelines envisage a proactive role for the complaints committee, and prevention of sexual harassment at work is a crucial role . It is thus imperative that the committee consist of persons who are sensitive and open to the issues faced by women.
A statement that anyone found guilty of harassment after investigation will be subject to disciplinary action.
Complaint Channels need to provide different routes that employees can take to file complaints; i.e., contacting the responsible authority for sexual harassment, a supervisor, calling a hotline, complaining through email, etc
Sexual Harassment has proved costly to many organizations in terms of monetary losses.
Court settlements fail to capture the human and economic consequences of these activities in terms of lowered morale, lost time from work, and lower productivity.
Employers need to be proactive to protect their employers and their resources. They need to develop an effective policy, distribute it, educate workers about their rights and how to obtain them, have a thorough investigative process in place, and keep current on changes in laws and court decisions.