Team NRDC Presentation Series
       Board Room, NRDC, New Delhi
               Dated 08 July 2009


Business Prospects in...
Responsibilities

            Pr
 Commercialization of Agri biotechnologies
              ab
 Evaluation of R&D Files from...
Methodologies in Business
         Development

          Pr
            ab
               ud
Understanding the technology...
Lessons learned

Be patient


             Pr
 Make and maintain personal contacts with companies –

                 ab
l...
Agri Biotech era includes
     following technologies
Biofertilizers

           Pr
Biopesticides
GMOS ( Seeds )
         ...
Biofertilizers
The term Biofertilizer is made up of two words .
            Pr
“Bio” means living , and “Fertilizer” means...
Present and last Nine year
Biofertilizer Production in India
    20000
            Pr
                ab
    18000
    160...
Zone wise Biofertilizer production
and consumption during 2005-06
   16000

   14000
              Pr
   12000
           ...
Future Prospects Biofertilizers

               Pr
BCIL estimates about 344,800 tones of biofertilizers need in
          ...
Biopesticides
Biopesticides are naturally occurring substances that control pests
(biochemical pesticides), microorganisms...
Biopesticides and their uses
Biopesticide     Source           Nature            Nature                                 Us...
Agriculture - The Changing facets



              Pr
Past : Origin of Agriculture, Pesticides and Chemicalisation
– A His...
Availability of Biopesticides
  About 680 products of different microbials are

               Pr
  currently available wo...
Future business prospects -
             Biopesticides
  In India , the annual estimate damage ( 20%-30%)

               ...
Cont.1
  Some analyst believe that Biopesticides will account for
               Pr
  15 % of the total insecticide market...
Cont.2
  The APEDA ( Agricultural Produces Export
  Development Agency ) of the Union Commerce
               Pr
  Ministr...
GMOs ( Seeds )
Genetic Modified Organism ( GMO) is that in which
             Pr
the basic genetic material ( DNA) has bee...
Potential benefits of Transgenic
                  Crops

                    Pr
                           Potential Bene...
Global Transgenic Scenario
After successful implementation of bt gene in cotton ,
             Pr
now days Seed companies ...
a
                hr
             is
            M
       dh
     ud
  ab
Pr
a
                hr
             is
            M
       dh
     ud
  ab
Pr
GMOs in USA
Source – Wikipedia
            Pr
              ab
                 ud
                     dh
               ...
a
                hr
             is
            M
       dh
     ud
  ab
Pr
Biofuels

           Pr
  Fossil fuels are depleting day by day and
              ab
are expected to finish in 2035
      ...
Types of Biofuels
Biodiesel
BioethanolPr
Biogas      ab
Jet fuel       ud
Bio-Wax           dh
                     M
    ...
Research Scenario in Biofuel
          segment

          Pr
Algae based Biodiesel and Jet fuel
Biorefinary  ab
          ...
Biorefinary (Technology Base )
Petroleum Refineries       Biorefinary
               Pr
  a. Distillation            a. Bi...
Biorefinary products
Cellulosic bioethanol      Biplastics
Biodiesel
            Pr             Fine and bulk
Biogas      ...
Algae Farming
Now days Algae also have many business prospects .


                 Pr
                     ab
           ...
Cont.
We can also make biofertilizer from Blue Green
Algae .   Pr
             ab
Some companies are involve in making ole...
Plant based Phytochemicals
These are the chemicals derived from plants .
            Pr
They have wide applications like b...
NRDC Role in Agri Biotechnologies
 We are promoting these green technologies in
            Pr
 India for the welfare of s...
Achievements
Recently we have successfully transfer Mosquito
          Pr
proof Desert Cooler Technology to five
companies...
THANKS …
In case of any queries
               Pr
  please contact –
                  ab
                         ud
pmis...
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Prabuddh Mishra Nrdc Presentation

  1. 1. Team NRDC Presentation Series Board Room, NRDC, New Delhi Dated 08 July 2009 Business Prospects in Pr ab Agri Biopesticides and ud Biofertilizers dh By , M is hr Prabuddh Mishra a Consultant ( BD II ) National Research Development Corporation
  2. 2. Responsibilities Pr Commercialization of Agri biotechnologies ab Evaluation of R&D Files from Agriculture Companies ud Feasibility report dh M is Desk research for new technologies hr a Proposals and technical reports
  3. 3. Methodologies in Business Development Pr ab ud Understanding the technology in commercial dh parameters. M Desk research for new technologies is Desk research for business prospects for a hr a particular technology Make pre feasibility report
  4. 4. Lessons learned Be patient Pr Make and maintain personal contacts with companies – ab large and small ud Set up open communications dh Don’t fall in love with the technology M Offer solutions not technologies is hr Work on multiple projects simultaneously Keep new projects in the “pipeline” a
  5. 5. Agri Biotech era includes following technologies Biofertilizers Pr Biopesticides GMOS ( Seeds ) ab ud Plant Tissue Culture dh Plant Based Phyto-chemicals M Algae Farming Mushroom Farming is Animal /Plant ( ELISA KITS) hr Biofuels a
  6. 6. Biofertilizers The term Biofertilizer is made up of two words . Pr “Bio” means living , and “Fertilizer” means a ab product which provides nutrients in usable form ud dh It contains mainly bacterial or fungal cells , M which on application help in fixing or is solubilizing the nutrients presents in air or in soil hr a Biofertilizer and Organic manure are different things
  7. 7. Present and last Nine year Biofertilizer Production in India 20000 Pr ab 18000 16000 ud 14000 dh 12000 10000 8000 Capacity M 6000 Production is 4000 hr 2000 0 a 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 20 20 92- 93- 94- 95- 96- 97- 98- 01- 03- 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 02 04 Source : National Biofertilizer Development Centre Ghaziabad .
  8. 8. Zone wise Biofertilizer production and consumption during 2005-06 16000 14000 Pr 12000 ab ud 10000 dh Production 8000 Consumption 6000 M is 4000 hr 2000 a 0 East West North South Source : National Biofertilizer Development Centre Ghaziabad .
  9. 9. Future Prospects Biofertilizers Pr BCIL estimates about 344,800 tones of biofertilizers need in ab India but production capacity is only 18,000 tones ud Product quality should be good as end consumers are farmers dh Organic farming is growing now days , so it’s a good demand in this field , the present organically produced fruits and vegetables M are at the global level is valued at $ 27 million . is Indian biofertilizer companies are exporting 60 % of there hr product and rest of 40 % is consume in India a Farmers in USA and Europe are well aware of Biofertilizer
  10. 10. Biopesticides Biopesticides are naturally occurring substances that control pests (biochemical pesticides), microorganisms that control pests Pr (microbial pesticides), and pesticidal substances produced by plants containing added genetic material (plant-incorporated protectants) also know as PIPs ab ud dh Biopesticides, particularly microbial Biopesticides, have virtually all the health safety and environmental properties that one would desire M in a pesticide is hr fungi, viruses. a Microbial insecticides are come from naturally-occurring bacteria,
  11. 11. Biopesticides and their uses Biopesticide Source Nature Nature Used against Crops Type benefited Natural Plants – Biochemicals Antifeedant, Growth Insect pest Horticultural, product Neem regulation, oviposition and plantation and Vitex Garlic mating. disruption plain crops Microbials Bacteria Bacillus Infection Insect pests Pr thuringiensis( Bt) ab B.sphaericus, , Pseudomonas Antibiosis Disease ud Virus Nuclear Infection resulting in Insect pest Polyhedrosis epizootics Viruses, GV, Fungi Beauveria, Metarhizium, dh Infection epizootics resulting in Insect pests M Paecilomyces, is Nomuraea Trichoderma Antagonism and Antibiosis Fungal disease hr Gliocladium of plants Protozoa Nosema, Epizootics Insect pests. a Thelohania, Vairimorpha Pheromones Pheromones Biochemicals Mating disruption, lure and kill, or Insect pest insect monitoring strategies : Genes or Desired Biochemicals Confer tolerance of herbicide Insect pest and Plant- genes from a application or resistance to disease pesticide : known attack by viruses or insects source
  12. 12. Agriculture - The Changing facets Pr Past : Origin of Agriculture, Pesticides and Chemicalisation – A History ab ud Present : It has become customary out of necessity conceived through individual thoughts to talk about dh hazardous nature of chemical usage in agriculture and compare it with biologicals as if the later have no ill-effect – A view M is hr Future : It was therefore thought fit at this juncture when a agriculture stands in the cross roads of chemicals and biologicals to talk about a synergy of both – A concept
  13. 13. Availability of Biopesticides About 680 products of different microbials are Pr currently available worldwide ab In India about 16 commercial preparations of Bt ( ud Bacillus thuringiensis) , 38 fungal formulations based on Trichoderma,Metarhizium,Beauveria and about 45 dh baculovirus-based formulations of Helicoverpa and M spodoptera are available is Microbial biopesticide are likely to replace at least 20 % of chemical pesticides hr Source –DBT ,Delhi a
  14. 14. Future business prospects - Biopesticides In India , the annual estimate damage ( 20%-30%) Pr caused by pests ,diseases and weeds in various crops in ab the field and stored grains was Rs. 60-70 billion in 1983 . ud The present price estimates is around 600 billion dh That’s why in 2005 ,pesticides worth Rs 27 billion were used in India M is hr Biopesticides are likely have a greater impact on the a insecticide sector . Source –DBT ,Delhi
  15. 15. Cont.1 Some analyst believe that Biopesticides will account for Pr 15 % of the total insecticide market by 2010 . ab There is a growing demand for organically cultivated ud fresh and process fruits and vegetables . dh The current consumption of organically produced fruits M and vegetables at the global level is valued at Rs 27 billion . is Source –DBT ,Delhi hr a
  16. 16. Cont.2 The APEDA ( Agricultural Produces Export Development Agency ) of the Union Commerce Pr Ministry had proposed to export organic food at a value ab of Rs 1500 billion annually during eleventh five year plan ud dh This would require enormous efforts to produce and use Biopesticides in the context of Integrated Pest Management . M is The growth rate of Biopesticides for the next ten years hr has been forecast at 10% to 15 % in contrast to 2.5 % for chemical pesticides Source – DBT ,Delhi a
  17. 17. GMOs ( Seeds ) Genetic Modified Organism ( GMO) is that in which Pr the basic genetic material ( DNA) has been artificially ab altered or modified to improve the attributes or make ud it perform new functions dh Transgenic crops ( GMOs) really plays vital role to sustain in tough climatic conditions like limited water , M is poor land condition ,drought ,heat and saline soil conditions . hr a Bt cotton minimizes the use of chemical pesticides .
  18. 18. Potential benefits of Transgenic Crops Pr Potential Benefits Availability of Pest Resistance more crops ab Herbicide Resistance Stress (Cold/drought) Tolerance ud Better quality dh Delayed ripening Improved Cheaper Food Products Farming M More Food is Improvement hr Increased Nutrition In Health a Reduced use of Plant Pharmaceuticals Chemicals & Herbicides
  19. 19. Global Transgenic Scenario After successful implementation of bt gene in cotton , Pr now days Seed companies are ready to launch Bt Brinjal ab ,Bt Cabbage and bt cauliflower . ud This is again very helpful in minimizing use of chemical dh pesticides in vegetables. M They are also involve in molecular marker based is breeding in crops to achieve traits like salt tolerance hr ,draught tolerance , anti allergic etc instead of existing a methods of field based conventional plant breeding
  20. 20. a hr is M dh ud ab Pr
  21. 21. a hr is M dh ud ab Pr
  22. 22. GMOs in USA Source – Wikipedia Pr ab ud dh M is hr a
  23. 23. a hr is M dh ud ab Pr
  24. 24. Biofuels Pr Fossil fuels are depleting day by day and ab are expected to finish in 2035 ud ( Global report by NREL) dh Global warming and Climate change. M is India imports about 74% of liquid fuels hr a To make India independent in liquid fuels
  25. 25. Types of Biofuels Biodiesel BioethanolPr Biogas ab Jet fuel ud Bio-Wax dh M is Coal Bricks based on Husk Syn gas from Biogasifires hr Biocells a
  26. 26. Research Scenario in Biofuel segment Pr Algae based Biodiesel and Jet fuel Biorefinary ab ud dh Cellulosic Bioethanol and Biobutanol Biogas production from Jatropha seed cake M is Other Phytochemicals which are useful in hr a pharmaceuticals industry .
  27. 27. Biorefinary (Technology Base ) Petroleum Refineries Biorefinary Pr a. Distillation a. Biomass fractionation ab b. Thermo chemical b. Industrial c. Process ud Biotechnology d. Inorganic catalyst dh c. Fermentation M is d. Enzymes hr (Biocatalysts) a
  28. 28. Biorefinary products Cellulosic bioethanol Biplastics Biodiesel Pr Fine and bulk Biogas ab chemicals Syngas ud Oleo chemicals Organic manure dh Biowax M is Jet biofuel Glycerin hr a
  29. 29. Algae Farming Now days Algae also have many business prospects . Pr ab ud dh M is hr a
  30. 30. Cont. We can also make biofertilizer from Blue Green Algae . Pr ab Some companies are involve in making oleo ud chemicals from algae which have pharmaceutical dh value in international market M is As a Nutraceutical product spirulina and hr chlorella are cultivating commercially by big players . a
  31. 31. Plant based Phytochemicals These are the chemicals derived from plants . Pr They have wide applications like bio-pesticides , ab larvicide's , medicines etc . ud They are decomposable , so very good for environment . dh M Recently we have a Plant based Mosquito Larvacide is technology from IARI ,Delhi . hr a
  32. 32. NRDC Role in Agri Biotechnologies We are promoting these green technologies in Pr India for the welfare of society . ab Recently we have given project to NICD,Delhi ud and IARI Pusa to generate bio-efficacy data for dh Neema Gel and Plant Based Larvacide technology . M is hr We are always looking for new biotechnologies a to improve agriculture in India .
  33. 33. Achievements Recently we have successfully transfer Mosquito Pr proof Desert Cooler Technology to five companies . ab ud We are in talk with Agro Chemicals Policy group dh to implement Biofertilizer and Biopesticides in M chemical manufacturing companies . is hr Some Biofuels based companies also shown a their keen interest in green technologies .
  34. 34. THANKS … In case of any queries Pr please contact – ab ud pmishra@nrdc.in dh M is hr a
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