HazardAn event or occurrence that has thepotential for causing injuries to lifeand damaging property & theenvironment.
VulnerabilityA condition or sets of Conditionsthat reduces people’s ability toprepare for, withstand or respond toa hazard.
CapacitiesConditions or abilities which increasea community’s ability to deal withhazards.
DisasterA serious disruption of thefunctioning of a community causingwidespread human, material orenvironmental losses which exceedthe ability of the affectedcommunity to cope using its ownresources
RiskThe probability that negativeconsequences may arise whenhazards interact with vulnerableareas, people, property andenvironment
EmergencyAny situation where there is anexceptional and widespread threat tolife, health or basic subsistence,which is beyond the coping capacityof individuals and community
Disaster PreventionActivities designed to providepermanent protection fromdisasters
Disaster MitigationMeasures taken in advance of adisaster aimed at reducing itsimpact on society and theenvironment.
Disaster PreparednessAbility to predict, respond to andcope with the effect of a disaster
ResponseActions taken immediately followingthe impact of a disaster whenexceptional measures are required tomeet the basic needs of thesurvivors.
ReliefMeasures that are required insearch and rescue of survivors, aswell to meet the basic needs forshelter, water, food and health care.
RehabilitationActions taken in the aftermath of adisaster to:• assist victims to repair theirdwellings;• re-establish essential services;• revive key economic and socialactivities
ReconstructionPermanent measures to repair orreplace damaged dwellings andinfrastructure and to set theeconomy back on course.
DevelopmentSustained efforts intended toimprove or maintain the social andeconomic well-being of acommunity.