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Sphere standards health response

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  • 1. Sphere Minimum Standards – Health in Emergencies Sensitization workshop of Medical Officers
  • 2. What is Sphere
    • The Sphere was initiated in 1997 by a group of humanitarian NGOs and IFRC. Aim was to improve the quality of actions during disaster response and to be held accountable for them.
    • Two core beliefs:
      • Those affected by disaster have a right to life with dignity and, therefore, a right to assistance;
      • All possible steps should be taken to alleviate human suffering arising out of disaster or conflict.
    • Framed Humanitarian Charter and Minimum Standards in Humanitarian Response.
    Sensitization workshop of Medical Officers
  • 3.
    • Minimum standards cover four sectors:
      • Water supply, sanitation & hygiene promotion;
      • Food security and nutrition;
      • Shelter, settlement and non-food items;
      • Health
    • It has the minimum standard – followed by a series of key actions, key indicators and guidance notes.
    Sensitization workshop of Medical Officers
  • 4. Public Health Care in Disasters
    • Primary goal of humanitarian response is to prevent and reduce excess mortality and morbidity.
    • Maintain the crude mortality rate (CMR) and under-5 mortality rate (U5MR) at, or reduce to, less than double the baseline rate documented for the population prior to the disaster.
    • By
    • Providing essential health services, including preventive and curative interventions that are effective in reducing health risks.
    Sensitization workshop of Medical Officers
  • 5.
    • Essential health services are priority health interventions that are effective in addressing major causes of excess mortality and morbidity.
    • Better response can be achieved through better preparedness.
    • Preparedness should be based on an analysis of risks.
    Sensitization workshop of Medical Officers
  • 6. Preparedness includes:
    • Contingency planning,
    • Stockpiling of equipment and supplies,
    • Establishment and/or maintenance of emergency services and stand-by arrangements,
    • Information management and coordination arrangements,
    • Personnel training,
    • Community-level planning,
    • Drills and exercises.
    • So as to ensure that health facilities remain functional even during disasters.
    Sensitization workshop of Medical Officers
  • 7. Minimum Standards
    • These are qualitative in nature and specify the minimum levels to be attained in the provision of health services.
    Sensitization workshop of Medical Officers
  • 8. Key Actions
    • Suggestive practical actions to attain the minimum standard.
    • Some actions may not be applicable in all contexts,
    • It is up to the practitioner to select the relevant actions and devise alternative actions that will result in the standard being met.
    Sensitization workshop of Medical Officers
  • 9. Key Indicators
    • These are ‘signals’ that show whether the standard has been attained.
    • They provide a way of measuring and communicating the impact, or result, of programmes as well as the process, or methods, used.
    • The indicators may be qualitative or quantitative
    Sensitization workshop of Medical Officers
  • 10. Guidance Notes
    • Include specific points to consider when applying standard, key actions and indicators in different situations, guidance on tackling practical difficulties, and advice on priority issues.
    • Also include critical issues relating to standard or actions or indicators, and describe dilemmas or gaps in current knowledge.
    Sensitization workshop of Medical Officers
  • 11. Sensitization workshop of Medical Officers
  • 12.
    • Thanks
    Sensitization workshop of Medical Officers