Sensitization workshop of medical officers bbs

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Banku Behari UNICEF Patna

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Sensitization workshop of medical officers bbs

  1. 1. Building a culture of Preparedness – Need for a paradigm shift Sensitization workshop of Medical Officers
  2. 2. Vulnerability of Bihar: <ul><li>Floods: 28 districts out of 38 </li></ul><ul><li>Bihar accounts for 17% of the flood-prone area and 22% of the flood-affected population in India. </li></ul><ul><li>Earthquake: 21 dist. in seismic zone IV (High), 11 dist. in seismic zone V (Highest). </li></ul><ul><li>Drought: Southern part of the state </li></ul><ul><li>Three consecutive drought years 2008, 2009 & 2010 </li></ul><ul><li>Tornado/ high winds </li></ul><ul><li>Village fires </li></ul><ul><li>Climate Change – a new phenomena </li></ul>Sensitization workshop of Medical Officers
  3. 3. What Disasters do? <ul><li>Disasters can wipe out years of development gains in a matter of hours. </li></ul><ul><li>Big one-off disasters destroy farmland, animals, livelihoods, infrastructures – keeping people poor and hungry. </li></ul><ul><li>Small recurrent disasters wear down family resources and resilience, exposing people to disease and poor health. </li></ul><ul><li>Disasters pose threat to achieving MDGs/ any developmental goals </li></ul>Sensitization workshop of Medical Officers
  4. 4. Possible impact of disasters: Sensitization workshop of Medical Officers Effect Floods Flash Floods Earthquake High winds Complex emergencies Death Few Many Many Few Many Severe injuries Few Moderate/ few Many Moderate Varies Increased risk of communicable diseases Moderate Varies Varies Low High Food scarcity Varies Common Common Rare Common Major population displacement Common High High Varies (depend on the severity) High
  5. 5. Climate change - new challenges to health <ul><li>Many major vectors for diseases such as cholera, diarrhoea, malaria and dengue are highly climate sensitive and could become more pervasive with rising temperatures. </li></ul><ul><li>Declining farm yields and food availability could lead to malnutrition and heightened susceptibility to other diseases. </li></ul>Sensitization workshop of Medical Officers
  6. 6. Disaster and Development: Sensitization workshop of Medical Officers
  7. 7. Sensitization workshop of Medical Officers
  8. 8. Approach to disaster management: Needs changes: <ul><li>Disasters – seen as an event. </li></ul><ul><li>Development and disaster management have been dealt as separate disciplines with little or no linkages. </li></ul><ul><li>Government adopted mainly ‘structural’ measures-for minimizing losses and protect people. </li></ul><ul><li>Reactive approach – relief & rehab. measures </li></ul><ul><li>Community accepted - as destiny and resign to their fate and developed a “dependency syndrome” on external support system. </li></ul><ul><li>“ Risk-blind development is increasing vulnerability” </li></ul>Sensitization workshop of Medical Officers
  9. 9. <ul><li>Need for change in Approach </li></ul>Sensitization workshop of Medical Officers
  10. 10. Change in Approach <ul><li>Building risk reduction into development planning. </li></ul><ul><li>Investing more resources into disaster preparedness. </li></ul><ul><li>Reactive to a culture of proactive preparedness. </li></ul><ul><li>Policy framework: Disaster Management Act 2005 </li></ul><ul><li>“ Risk informed programming” </li></ul>Sensitization workshop of Medical Officers
  11. 11. Emergency preparedness <ul><li>A state of readiness to deal with any potential disaster situation and its effects. </li></ul><ul><li>All actions taken in order to be ready to react, and respond to a disaster situation. </li></ul><ul><li>Aimed at: </li></ul><ul><li>To minimize the adverse effects of a disaster . </li></ul><ul><li>To ensure timely, appropriate and efficient delivery of emergency response. </li></ul>Sensitization workshop of Medical Officers
  12. 12. DISTRICT DISASTER MANAGEMENT AUTHORITY (DDMA) <ul><li>Every district to have District Disaster Management Authority (7 members): </li></ul><ul><ul><li>District Magistrate shall be Chairperson, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Elected representative of local authority shall be co-Chairperson </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Chief Executive Officer of the District Authority, ex-officio member </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Superintendent of Police, ex-officio member </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Civil Surgeon, ex-officio member </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Two other district level officers, ex-officio members </li></ul></ul>Sensitization workshop of Medical Officers
  13. 13. Powers and functions of DDMA: <ul><li>Act as the district planning; coordinating and implementing body for disaster management . </li></ul><ul><li>Prepare a district disaster management plan including district response plan. </li></ul><ul><li>Ensure that areas vulnerable to disasters are identified and measures for prevention and mitigation of its effects are undertaken by the departments. </li></ul><ul><li>Stockpiles of relief and rescue materials or ensure preparedness to make such materials available. </li></ul>Sensitization workshop of Medical Officers
  14. 14. <ul><li>Thanks </li></ul>Sensitization workshop of Medical Officers

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