Disaster Risk Reduction


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by Mandar Vaidya

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Disaster Risk Reduction

  1. 1. Training of Panchayati Raj Institutions and Block level officials Disaster Risk Reduction
  2. 2. Let us understand the relationship of time with development Quality of life and dignity Time If there is no disaster <ul><li>Key content points: </li></ul><ul><li>Development essentially is the process of improved quality of life, with dignity. </li></ul><ul><li>Quality of life: Access to basic aminities, fulfillemt of basic needs, access to essential services and livelihood </li></ul><ul><li>Dignity: Enjoy all fundamental rights, Equal participation in governence, Ability to voice discrimination. </li></ul><ul><li>It is a continious process which progresses with time. </li></ul><ul><li>The continuity and achievements of development get affected due to disasters. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Quality of life and dignity Time Let us understand what happens to the hard won development due to disasters: Who is most vulnerable? <ul><li>Key content points: </li></ul><ul><li>Hard won development is hampered due to hazardous events and the most vulnerable sections of community face maximum impact of the disasters. </li></ul><ul><li>It can be normal development process or disaster risk reduction or disaster response it is essential to focus on the most vulnerable members of the community. </li></ul><ul><li>Vulnerability reduction is the primary aim of development as well as disaster risk reduction programmes. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Resilience Quality of life and dignity Time Let us understand the vision of resilient communities <ul><li>Key content points: </li></ul><ul><li>DRR mainstreaming in development is essential to achieve the vision of resilient communities. </li></ul><ul><li>Resilience is: </li></ul><ul><li>capacity to absorb stress or destructive forces through resistance or adaptation </li></ul><ul><li>capacity to manage, or maintain certain basic functions and structures, during disastrous events </li></ul><ul><li>capacity to recover or ‘bounce back’ after an event </li></ul>
  5. 5. Let us understand what is disaster risk reduction: <ul><li>Key content points: </li></ul><ul><li>Disaster risk reduction is the systematic approach to </li></ul><ul><li>Identify & assess the risks of disaster. </li></ul><ul><li>Plan for reducing risks of disaster. </li></ul><ul><li>Plan for reducing socio-economic vulnerabilities to disaster </li></ul><ul><li>Involvement of multiple stake holders. </li></ul>
  6. 6. DRR Elements Progressive reduction of risk Planning for risk reduction Participation and self reliance Appropriate technical support Crosscutting issues Identify Vulnerabilities, Capacities and Hazards Plan for Preparedness, Mitigation and Prevention Community-based management and governance of services Organising community into appropriate governance structures Technical support compatible with local skills and capabilities Gender equity & principles of empowerment, ecologically sound
  7. 7. In the interest of all citizens focussing specifically on most vulnerable for development and DRR <ul><li>The characteristics of good governance — </li></ul><ul><li>Key content points: </li></ul><ul><li>Participation </li></ul><ul><li>Transparency </li></ul><ul><li>Responsiveness </li></ul><ul><li>Rule of law </li></ul><ul><li>Consensus orientation </li></ul><ul><li>Equity </li></ul><ul><li>Accountability </li></ul><ul><li>Strategic vision </li></ul>
  8. 8. Sectoral Priorities for Development and DRR at GP level Pukhur Cyclone Aila, all ponds were contaminated with saline water Which Sectors?
  9. 9. Which Sector?
  10. 10. Which Sector?
  11. 11. <ul><li>Key Content: Skills </li></ul><ul><li>Developing interlinkages with respective line department for increased resilience. </li></ul><ul><li>Participatory planning and budgeting for vulnerability reduction. </li></ul><ul><li>Monitoring of essential services before and during difficult times. </li></ul><ul><li>Community organization for the implementation of the risk reduction planning. </li></ul><ul><li>Strategies of public awareness. </li></ul><ul><li>Information collection and use for grassroots advocacy. </li></ul>
  12. 13. Development Disaster Management Poverty Reduction Better Services Multiple Livelihood Options Think beyond physical vulnerability Believe in community capacities Community participation in vulnerability reduction Coordination at all the levels