Communicable diseases
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Communicable diseases

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draft power point for Disaster Risk Reduction session in Bhopal

draft power point for Disaster Risk Reduction session in Bhopal

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Communicable diseases Presentation Transcript

  • 1. DisasterCommunicable Diseases
  • 2. Host (Man)Agent (P Environmentfalciparum) (Pool of Water, Vector)
  • 3. Epidemiological HOST Triad Age genetic susceptibility nutritional status previous exposure immunization status general physical condition ENVIRONMENT AGENT Shelter, altitude, Bacteria, Viruses, humidity, sanitation, Parasites, fungi food supply, water Vector(or) their products supply, temperature overcrowding
  • 4. Diseases Signs/ Symptoms Control MeasuresMeasles Fever, Rash, and Cold/ Immunization and Cough/ or Conjunctivitis Vitamin A (Red Eye) supplementationPneumonia Breathing Rate (60-50-40) Blankets, Shelter(ARI – acute see table 2respiratoryinfections)Malaria In an endemic area * any fever Integrated Vector may be malaria. In other regions Control chills precede fever. In early infections fever skips a day (alternate day fever). There may be severe headache also.TB Two weeks cough or/ and DOTS Medicines fever is a sign of TB. At should continue least two cough (sputum) for 6 months. tests are needed.
  • 5. Diseases Signs/ Symptoms Control MeasuresDiarrhoea Diarrhea is more than 3 loose stools a Filter Water day or a change in consistency and number of stools that is noticed by the Purify Water mother or care takerSevere If the diarrhoea is of 14 days or Discussed in detail more duration, the child hasDiarrhoea severe persistent diarrhoea. This child should be referred to hospital. The child who is passing blood in the stools has dysentery. If the child is below 2 months blood in the stools is a danger sign of Serious Bacterial Infection Assess every child with diarrhoea forDiarrhoea and Oral Rehydration dehydration. Look for the following:Dehydration Solution and Zinc LOOK and FEEL for the following signs: LOOK Look at the childs general condition. Is the child lethargic or unconscious? restless and irritable? LOOK for sunken eyes. OFFER the child fluid to drink. Is the child not able to drink or drinking poorly? drinking eagerly, thirsty?
  • 6. PneumoniaIf the Child’s age is The child has fast breathing if you count:0 to 2 months 60 breaths per minute or more2 months up to 12 months: 50 breaths per minute or more12 months up to 5 years: 40 breaths per minute or more
  • 7. Water filtering Control Measures for DiarrhoeaWater WaterSupply purification Diarhoea ORS and Sanitation Zinc
  • 8. PREPARE STOCK SOLUTIONIn 1 liter (4 glasses) of RAW WATER mix 3 leveltablespoons= (6 level tea spoons) BLEACHING POWDER (30%). DRINKING WATER DISINFECTION0.6 ml stock or 3 drops for 1 liter of RAW water6 ml for 10 liters of RAW water60 ml for 100 liters of RAW water