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Universal Precautions in Infection Prevention Managing Complications in Pregnancy and Childbirth
Session Objectives <ul><li>To discuss essential elements of universal precautions for infection prevention in emergency ob...
Universal Precautions in Infection Prevention: Objectives <ul><li>To prevent major infections when providing services  </l...
Basic Principles in Universal Precautions <ul><li>Consider every person (client or staff) potentially infectious </li></ul...
Basic Principles in Universal Precautions (continued) <ul><li>Use physical barriers (protective goggles, face masks and ap...
Handwashing <ul><li>Handwashing may be the single most important procedure in preventing infection </li></ul><ul><li>Wash ...
Routine Handwashing  <ul><li>Steps: </li></ul><ul><li>Use a plain or antiseptic soap </li></ul><ul><li>Vigorously rub lath...
Protective Barriers <ul><li>Wear gloves: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>When performing a procedure in the clinic or operating room...
Protective Barriers (continued) <ul><li>Wear protective goggles, face masks and aprons: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>During all c...
Handling Sharp Instruments and Needles <ul><li>Leave sharp instruments or needles only in “safe zones”  </li></ul><ul><li>...
Safe Waste Disposal: Objectives <ul><li>To prevent spread of infection to clinic personnel who handle waste </li></ul><ul>...
Safe Waste Disposal: Practices <ul><li>Wear utility gloves while handling contaminated waste  </li></ul><ul><li>Place cont...
References EngenderHealth. 2000.  Infection Prevention: a reference booklet for health care providers . EngenderHealth: Ne...
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04 Universal precaution_ infection prevention

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Transcript of "04 Universal precaution_ infection prevention"

  1. 1. Universal Precautions in Infection Prevention Managing Complications in Pregnancy and Childbirth
  2. 2. Session Objectives <ul><li>To discuss essential elements of universal precautions for infection prevention in emergency obstetric care </li></ul><ul><li>To discuss best universal precaution practices in emergency obstetric care </li></ul>
  3. 3. Universal Precautions in Infection Prevention: Objectives <ul><li>To prevent major infections when providing services </li></ul><ul><li>To minimize the risk of transmitting serious infections (e.g., hepatitis B and C and HIV) from or to: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Clients </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Healthcare providers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Other staff, including cleaning and housekeeping personnel </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Basic Principles in Universal Precautions <ul><li>Consider every person (client or staff) potentially infectious </li></ul><ul><li>Wash hands, the most practical procedure for preventing cross-contamination (person to person) </li></ul><ul><li>Wear gloves before touching: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Anything wet </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Broken skin </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Mucous membranes </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Blood or other body fluids (secretions or excretions) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Soiled instruments and other items </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Basic Principles in Universal Precautions (continued) <ul><li>Use physical barriers (protective goggles, face masks and aprons) if splashes and spills of any body fluids (secretions or excretions) are anticipated </li></ul><ul><li>Use safe work practices: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Do not recap or bend needles </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pass sharp instruments safely </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dispose of medical waste properly </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Isolate patients only if secretions (airborne) or excretions (urine or feces) cannot be contained </li></ul><ul><li>Process instruments and other items using recommended infection prevention practices </li></ul>
  6. 6. Handwashing <ul><li>Handwashing may be the single most important procedure in preventing infection </li></ul><ul><li>Wash hands: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Before and after examining any client (direct contact) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>After removing gloves because gloves may have holes in them </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>After exposure to blood or any body fluids (secretions or excretions), even if gloves were worn </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Routine Handwashing <ul><li>Steps: </li></ul><ul><li>Use a plain or antiseptic soap </li></ul><ul><li>Vigorously rub lathered hands together for 10 to 15 seconds </li></ul><ul><li>Rinse with clean running water from a tap or bucket </li></ul><ul><li>Dry hands with a clean towel or air dry them </li></ul>
  8. 8. Protective Barriers <ul><li>Wear gloves: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>When performing a procedure in the clinic or operating room </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>When handling soiled instruments, gloves and other items </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>When disposing of contaminated waste items (cotton, gauze or dressings) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Use a separate pair of gloves for each woman to avoid cross contamination </li></ul>
  9. 9. Protective Barriers (continued) <ul><li>Wear protective goggles, face masks and aprons: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>During all childbirths </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>If splashes and spills of any body fluids are likely </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Handling Sharp Instruments and Needles <ul><li>Leave sharp instruments or needles only in “safe zones” </li></ul><ul><li>Tell other workers before passing sharps </li></ul><ul><li>Use each needle and syringe only once </li></ul><ul><li>Do not recap, bend or break needles before disposal </li></ul><ul><li>Dispose of needles and syringes in a puncture-proof container </li></ul>
  11. 11. Safe Waste Disposal: Objectives <ul><li>To prevent spread of infection to clinic personnel who handle waste </li></ul><ul><li>To prevent spread of infection to local community </li></ul><ul><li>To protect those who handle waste from accidental injury </li></ul>
  12. 12. Safe Waste Disposal: Practices <ul><li>Wear utility gloves while handling contaminated waste </li></ul><ul><li>Place contaminated items (gauze or cotton) in leakproof covered containers or plastic bag </li></ul><ul><li>Dispose of all sharp items in puncture-proof containers </li></ul><ul><li>Dispose of contaminated solid waste by incineration or burial </li></ul><ul><li>Wash hands, gloves and containers after disposal of infectious waste </li></ul>
  13. 13. References EngenderHealth. 2000. Infection Prevention: a reference booklet for health care providers . EngenderHealth: New York.
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