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Issues                      Covered           Water                                  Ground         Conservat             ...
ISSUES COVERED    Tragedy of                Lack of    Commons                 Institution                  Social        ...
Issues                      Covered           Water                                  Ground         Conservat             ...
CURRENT SITUATION
NEED OF HOUR What are the contributing factors to the problem of Ground Water Exploitation ?   What are the Effective Stat...
Introducti                       on: About                         ground                          water           Water  ...
Indus Peneplain in Central Punjab, India :                   Why are we studying?The central part of Punjab provides an ex...
Indus Peneplain in Central Punjab, India                                              DrasticAgricultural                 ...
Map and cross-section of Punjab peneplain with different recharge areas                                  and              ...
Indus Peneplain in Central Punjab, India :               State Policy Approach                                State Govt.’...
Introducti                       on: About                         ground                          water           Water  ...
Case of Mehsana, Gujarat               Issues      Health Hazard : Fluorosis      Inefficient state policy
What needs to be done?• Set up cooperative captive water treatment  plants run by locals• Subsidized power only for the po...
Societal aspect of groundwater                           Ratanpur                PaldiHydrology             Free standing ...
Introducti                      on: About                        ground                         water           Cultural  ...
Overcoming Groundwater Recharge Problem            Dindigul District Case                                Weathered        ...
The Issue                    dry-season Population         irrigated  Growth            agriculture                      D...
Need of an Integrated Approach?
Introducti                      on: About                        ground                         water           Water     ...
Aquifer system of layered sand-silt deposits in Uttar Pradesh state       Extensive      system with     around 600 m     ...
The IssueTwo major contrasting problems     Canal leakage (rising water table)                                          wa...
What about Health   Hazards ?
Mehsana,     Indus      Jaunpur, U.P Dindigul, T.N.Issues     Case    Gujarat   Peneplain,                              Pu...
Introducti                      on: About                        ground                         water           Cultural  ...
Enhancing                       Demand  Water                                    GW Pricing                      Managemen...
National Water Policy 2012          Institutional                                       Research & Training         Arrang...
 Rainwater harvesting is the accumulation and storage of                 rainwater for reuse before it reaches the aquife...
Rain Water Harvest (RWH) PotentialRainfall                          Total                Averageavailable                 ...
NO Depends on the amount of rainfall, need for household, size of tank, area of the  roof and Sufficient only for a certa...
Introducti                       on: About                         ground                          water            Water ...
Literature                                                       - ThiruvalluvarExplanation:If it is said to that the duti...
Issues                        Proposed SolutionsLACK OF INSTITUTIONS       Community based Management - (U.P., T.N.)     ...
ReferencesBooks:Governance of water : Institutional Alternatives and Political Economy by Vishwa BallabhWebsites: http://...
GROUP C2  ADITYA GOEL (16/125)ANAND G PATIL (16/128) DIKSHA BAJAJ (16/141)    PRABHU P (16/155) VISMAY BUCH (16/179)
Groundwater Governance
Groundwater Governance
Groundwater Governance
Groundwater Governance
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Groundwater Governance

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  • Agronomists found that the evaporation rates from paddy during this time were very high and there was a potential for making real water saving by eliminating essentially nonbeneficial evaporation totalling more than 90 mm Expected water saving was equivalent to
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  • Transcript of "Groundwater Governance"

    1. 1. Issues Covered Water Ground Conservat Reality ion Govt. Case ofPolicies Agenda Punjab Case of Case of Jaunpur, Gujarat U.P. Case of Dindigul, Tamil Nadu
    2. 2. ISSUES COVERED Tragedy of Lack of Commons Institution Social Health Capital Hazards Transaction State Costs Policies
    3. 3. Issues Covered Water Ground Conservat Reality ion Govt. Case ofPolicies Agenda Punjab Case of Case of Jaunpur, Gujarat U.P. Case of Dindigul, Tamil Nadu
    4. 4. CURRENT SITUATION
    5. 5. NEED OF HOUR What are the contributing factors to the problem of Ground Water Exploitation ? What are the Effective State Policies proposed by Government ? How can we improve the ground water levels ?
    6. 6. Introducti on: About ground water Water Ground Conservat Reality ion Govt. Case ofPolicies Agenda Punjab Case of Dindigul, Case of Tamil Gujarat Nadu Case of Jaunpur, U.P.
    7. 7. Indus Peneplain in Central Punjab, India : Why are we studying?The central part of Punjab provides an example of successful “state policy approach”
    8. 8. Indus Peneplain in Central Punjab, India DrasticAgricultural Increase insuccess WHY? number of Tube Wells CONSEQUENCESDepletion Exploitationrates – 0.6- beyond the1 m/year Critical level > 98%
    9. 9. Map and cross-section of Punjab peneplain with different recharge areas and water level trend
    10. 10. Indus Peneplain in Central Punjab, India : State Policy Approach State Govt.’s Ordinance to prohibit transplantation ofApproach paddy rice until the onset of monsoon Results Highly successful, limited farmer resistance Water Saving to an extent of 50-60%, Electrical energy saving Incorporation into Punjab Preservation of Sub-soil Water of 2009
    11. 11. Introducti on: About ground water Water Ground Conservat Reality ion Govt. Case ofPolicies Agenda Punjab Case of Dindigul, Case of Tamil Gujarat Nadu Case of Jaunpur, U.P.
    12. 12. Case of Mehsana, Gujarat Issues Health Hazard : Fluorosis Inefficient state policy
    13. 13. What needs to be done?• Set up cooperative captive water treatment plants run by locals• Subsidized power only for the poor farmers• Permits for setting up borewells and tubewells
    14. 14. Societal aspect of groundwater Ratanpur PaldiHydrology Free standing Associated with commodity sharecroppingCaste composition Negligible Stratification of castesWater transactions Institutionalized Bilateral agreementsSharing of benefits Small farmers Large farmers
    15. 15. Introducti on: About ground water Cultural Ground Value of Reality Water Govt. Case ofPolicies Agenda Gujarat Case of Case of Jaunpur, Punjab U.P Case of Dindigul, Tamil Nadu
    16. 16. Overcoming Groundwater Recharge Problem Dindigul District Case Weathered crystalline aquifer Limited Soil infiltration capacity Rainfall runs off the surface rather than groundwater recharge
    17. 17. The Issue dry-season Population irrigated Growth agriculture DrinkingFalling GW Water Levels Problem
    18. 18. Need of an Integrated Approach?
    19. 19. Introducti on: About ground water Water Ground Conservat Reality ion Govt. Case ofPolicies Agenda Gujarat Case of Case of Jaunpur, Punjab U.P. Case of Dindigul, Tamil Nadu
    20. 20. Aquifer system of layered sand-silt deposits in Uttar Pradesh state Extensive system with around 600 m thick depositsTwo modes of recharge –1.Direct(infiltrating monsoon)2.Indirect(surface water)
    21. 21. The IssueTwo major contrasting problems Canal leakage (rising water table) water logging & salinization Flood irrigation (falling water table)
    22. 22. What about Health Hazards ?
    23. 23. Mehsana, Indus Jaunpur, U.P Dindigul, T.N.Issues Case Gujarat Peneplain, PunjabLACK OFINSTITUTIONS  TRAGEDY OFCOMMONS LACK OFSOCIAL CAPITALSTATEPOLICIES  HEALTHHAZARDS  TRANSACTIONCOSTS 
    24. 24. Introducti on: About ground water Cultural Value of Ground Water Reality Govt. Case ofPolicies Agenda Gujarat Case of Case of Jaunpur, Punjab U.P. Case of Dindigul, Tamil Nadu
    25. 25. Enhancing Demand Water GW Pricing ManagementAvailability Incentivize Small local level Reverse under- efficient GW use irrigation through pricing of small bunds, field electricity ponds Encouragecommunity based management Monitoring water use pattern to Separate electric check feeders for GW Artificial unacceptable irrigationrecharging projects depletion of GW
    26. 26. National Water Policy 2012 Institutional Research & Training Arrangements Integrated Water National Water Resources Management Informatics Centre (IWRM) A re-training programme for water planners and Centre/State Government managers departments need to be An autonomous centre for restructured research in water policyWater needs to be managed as a community resource held, by the state toachieve food security, livelihood, and equitable and sustainabledevelopment for all
    27. 27.  Rainwater harvesting is the accumulation and storage of rainwater for reuse before it reaches the aquifer An Artificial Recharge to groundwaterTechniques: Pits Trenches Dug wells Hand Pumps Recharge wellsIndian Context: Andhra Pradesh Tamil Nadu Kerala Rajasthan Maharashtra
    28. 28. Rain Water Harvest (RWH) PotentialRainfall Total Averageavailable Coefficient Roof area rainfall of (80%) for (in Sq. m) the areaHarvestRWH potential = Rainfall available for Harvest/daily water requirement A common Responsibility Special panchayats/Municipalities/Corporations help the citizens in implementing the system more effectively
    29. 29. NO Depends on the amount of rainfall, need for household, size of tank, area of the roof and Sufficient only for a certain period of time WATER CONSERVATION
    30. 30. Introducti on: About ground water Water Ground Conserva Reality tion Govt. Case ofPolicies Agenda Gujarat Case of Dindigul, Case of Tamil Punjab Nadu Case of Jaunpur, U.P.
    31. 31. Literature - ThiruvalluvarExplanation:If it is said to that the duties of life cannot be discharged by any personwithout water, so without rain there cannot be flowing of water Source: Thirukkural, Chapter 2 written in 2nd Century B.C. Quoted in website of Tamil Nadu Water Authority & Development Board Source :Quoted in website of Ministry of water resources, Government of India
    32. 32. Issues Proposed SolutionsLACK OF INSTITUTIONS  Community based Management - (U.P., T.N.)  Market Mechanisms - (U.P.)TRAGEDY OF COMMONS  Effective Resource allocationLACK OF SOCIAL CAPITAL  Create Social Awareness - (T.N.)  Ground Water Pricing – (Punjab, Gujarat)  Optimized Conjunctive use- (U.P) STATE POLICIES  Proactive Government Participation – (Punjab)  Indirect Demand Management – (Punjab)  Water treatment plants - (Punjab, Gujarat) HEALTH HAZARDS  Active research center involvement  Differential Subsidies in electricity rates – TRANSACTION COSTS (Punjab)
    33. 33. ReferencesBooks:Governance of water : Institutional Alternatives and Political Economy by Vishwa BallabhWebsites: http://cgwb.gov.in/download.html, Central Government Water Board http://wrmin.nic.in, Ministry of Water resources, Government of India http://www.twadboard.gov.in, TWAD Board, Government of Tamil Nadu http://www.indiawaterportal.org/ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ground_water Contacts: Mr. P. Parthiban, Assistant, TWAD Board, Government of Tamil Nadu Laws & Policies: National Watery Policy, 1987 Articles:  Individual Tank based RWH system for Coastal Tamil Nadu, publication of Architecture & Development India  Water Papers from World Bank Video: www.youtube.com
    34. 34. GROUP C2 ADITYA GOEL (16/125)ANAND G PATIL (16/128) DIKSHA BAJAJ (16/141) PRABHU P (16/155) VISMAY BUCH (16/179)
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